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Full text of "California Farmer (1860)"

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Accession No fe. QO 1 HO 

/.l3«.,a-,4,<»,»» <<lt')-i "-W»^ ^ "W 



V*.w.«-z r-/j,n-is ~j ^;|T- ? i>i2'vV'',^t'~ 










Volume xui. 



SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA: FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 17, 1860. 



NUMBER a. 




-JTcryprodutK.e, 

/.':■•. .\-.„, ,-r,,v._ A vtrv j.Lir apple, [ medlnr 
_rtic; fine flavor; but will be out if- - 
Ttta of strong upright growth, for s 

-mi mi;-: vr.,„i,! L . i, i,. .,-,,. . ,„..,;, 

-- ...nter-kill. 
Oaiiian[!].— In I 

firat-rait n 






.ack-J 



a coBsiderabh 



_ Itoxtmry ffutetf. — I 
f Bile, tolerable bondst 
fprodoelivt. On roy place, where there is n'l 
ftconslant ivt-si Kind, the iit-e nt.li,,, lM u,,' , ! ', 
taking and cutting back, can be made t 
10 bead. Thfc apple gels mellow a lit]] 

Sytuh Rut,u.—\a Rood keeping order. I» 
handsome uppl,-, ami of fine flavor. The tree ba 
'"-'■'"■■' " M'f-'JiN|g Ij'--.:.I iui.I r-.-juin-a cm me. i,„. 
tinjt toe wind. Soni 
With tkojtoxburj rug 
_ .5«aer._Thi s i, ,h e nnp i e of oil apples for me 
Ion- cnlor, and on 



imallc, and a spicy smell. The 
omn head ; ii of very thrifty a 
io orchard ehainiil Iil -■- ir i,,,', , . , 



.■nty-fi. 



Pf/Vawnf.— A6ne 
y described; is (, 
u bard as ever It , 
« Co months jet. 



■*.- /j-w/r.^.-.-i/i,,^,, ■,;„,. 

- rolor; Beth yellow, juicv. v.i 
■■>d [borne] market fruit, rbt 
» bud customer to manage [ 



3 (he ground, 

l» »i>l>le bu to 



■■i-lli;:':,../ i':'-'r.';,V -V-lTu*. "" "' 



:'."'.;;, i '.M'- :;, :'-r-'- ■'■■.■i «-*■','<", 






:hly pay, and gn^ uw ,.,„ 
hod of Messrs. Faj Jt Bill, on Front street, 
ton. These gentlemen kindly ulTer to 
ny person with email samples ror scieiilifb 
oent gratis. The dome cause af slerilily aa'de- 
Tlbed by nur correspondent o! Sierra County, 
ill be found all over our Stale. Over-cropping, 
Baaing the land, end taking from it without a 
turn, are the poorest kinds of fanning that ever 
'- '* We hope the practice u ill E1 „ 






loTBQ arrivals of Merino Sheep. 

o recent arrivals of so many nf the very 

kind of sheep, French and Snanlsb Merino's, Sc 

many pe 

ihly 1 



s of Fertility in Bolla. 

a. on (nc/ojj of falHitg tig taidin-j -T 
■J" 'oil, being lately before tbo Fi 



:ved It n 



ii In:. 



'.', Mr- Fijik 



> principle o 

earth enough to keep n[; 

If all til 

...the groin 

ua the straw may bo removed. Tbo Secretary 
id, thai lends in Virginia and Worth Carolina 
n by sending oil the crops, 



n on laud bo r 



paralleled"*-"^ -- 

nents, the 
juld tickle 

a gourmand, tbo display 

annot be eicclled. If it con be equaled, In any 

Then tbo luicious Fruits of our Snony Clime: 
whoever has erca tbo markets of all tbe principal 
ities of our country, and tbe great mortem 
'arts nad London, will dare deny that wo a 
■iu.il Ibecu nud even surpnsjlbem now. There 
□ market in tbe world, where in tbo month of 
January so splendid nn array of Apples 
ihawn, as in tho San Francisco market. 5 
London and Purls, thoj may pnr nde a f ei 
grapes, 



jrcadlh of gra 



i Los Angeles. 
ulL says: The farmers 
din field operations. The Bea- 
rable for plowing, and advantage 
it to the fullest citent. A great 



ardy.pl, 



irlcy give promise of an e.irly 

in a moro forward eon.dil.oc 
Ills ft 



it than (bo others, and will um.ui 
where barley would fail. It Is as remunerative 
either wheal or barley, some preferring rye- 
bread to wbcatea. ['or feeding uurposcs il" is 
equal to any grain; and ftihrives well in this cli- 
mate. Our informant prefers raising rye to bw- 
ley, and lie lias a large quantity of it sawn. 

iruning hat. been commenced ; 

.mod tbnt ™- 

rs will not plow this seasi 
u prevent tbo approach of tho 
■no*. La, 

- : eh fa . — 

ecu As nL _,. ., , 

.allow the grans to reuiuif., „„ ,„., 

nana , having vegetation Io Teed upon, will nnl 

.ompelled to resort to (ha vino. The theory ii 

id wo bopo it may prove c 




-" i.' Ofn Mm 

week Washington Market prcsrn 
asparagus, cucumbers and ■ 
many markets can b^ajt of ib 






P1.A.V1 AtpitFA Tbo pre, 

.p.-. ib. i..j r.i iir.11.. K.„,„ b „, „;j- - 

'ilthiln.d. Lcl II bo . d.e,., rich «l! ul ;.l aQ M 

.....a. n,.„ ..„,i ,h.,.. EUr nmi s.,.. b ..; 

ml... ,,oui,.l. lo lb. .cro. Cut it bofor. it g roff5 
J— .. 0. 10 ,.!.,. a , „, b „„,„. 



i igar-beet and other' roow° 
Tn« Don.— This beautiful poem will bo f nnn fl 
"> be a real geu, and we are prood , r ?t 
f-re on, ,,„„.,, D-b.yeladnl;^'^- 
our oivn f UIr | a „d, California poet. lnm 



io 



-^i^T-^Xi: if O B NU F ABMEB . 



,, w ■„-<• 1 '™ded wilh nWr.uinn, Cjli-.vijbli.ra. or n. 



Love of NatuTo-Bu-aa-The Chlok-a-Defl 



glowing n-o 



.. . ■■jiiii.Ei-.il : but iSm.t. 



Gallic and oilier modi for want of food, 
look to the following fact, for oil «ucb Biol 



Cul tlvrttiiij; Hops. 




■■' ■■ i ^J : . : £tr 3?j &£ : 





oTrS,'«? ''ffi S u|.' 11 "" ,,! '■■ "'"'" - ! "'" ■■iiwhiei'm'i'o J I 
ojnle"' 1 """!'" '" l™™*"h "PU°» -inliufl'nj'boi'i I 

J;;,,' 1 ;'' : ''Vi-i''.".'. !! .".". I .'■!."■ ,'".„',? V,' l, ,":'i'^fIS!ii n f ll J 






>"«,« fe S? *"" » I gH£f^S : Sstt« 



THE OALIFOBNIA FARMER. 



11 




NURSEHT OIROULAS. 



With 






.. ■..! amld'r, 
























Through 
















«n in J Boor ! 




"Boot 

In I 


»e 


,;';; 


d is darkling 






























Ifrcugh [ (hue 
















Tho 


uli 


lllut 


trek tbj rout 




Bat no a 


s* 


r, nn 


good reason 






















' or,D 




l,bu 


■HI] r,.-. !,].-. 


Si 



Are thy molt, soheartlcsj 



tt hen lire tun'- lut mja were glcamiofr. 

■ '. j "i il ' ' ir ' :0 

O'er ihe fea an J o'er tbo coai], 
Th.-n this lir.J my ■ i„.lv haunted— 
llaunltd lihu a nightly ghost ', ■ 

Daily round my cut hho-ered 

Till I drove it from mj side: 

Coming from ihe x>«n'uili» yonder 

Where lb* wild bird. gayly wander 

Over wood -lauds, far sod wide : 



TO THE AGRICULTURAL PUBLIC: 

PATRONS, HIS WARS! 
, wbleb has far decoded hl> 
u may be satisfactory to his 

ig articles which he will 



THE SUBSCRIBE!: DESIRES TO EXPRESS TO lil^ FRIENDS 



most saognine cs. pee rations, and which hr 
Patrons and honorable to himself. 

to desires therefore to call their 



THRESHERS: 

PITTS' GEBUIKE BUFFALO THRASHER, s and 10 horse-power, -frith no attachment 

moajuriog and regiilering the Bomber of buihe.li thrashed, sad bagging the grain. 
C. M. Hii'stlls ZrlasHlIIoo, Oblo, Tbra§Iier, 8 and 10 horso-po«rer, 
Ball'* ( 'clt'lii ttltil Canton, Ohio, do 6 and 10 do 

Tbe Hamilton. Ohio, do 4 arid G do 

Tbe Albany, \cw York, do 1 sod 2 do 

The above Machines were Made Expressly lo Order fur the California Market. 

Alio, be.ro on band, eilra Castings, Drapers, Elevators, Cylinder Teelli. &:. ic , ..' all Ihe above machinal 

THE CALIFORNIA COMBINED REAPER A D MOWR 

To which wbi awarded tbe FIRST PREMIUM over the Sew Yorh Reaper, nil trial as 
Reaper and Mower, ot tbo Alameda Conn y Affirm Lara! Pair, held In Jane Int. Also, thaumo award wi 
at tbo State Fair, held at Sacramento, in September last; and at Ihe Santa Clira County Fair, held In Son 
October last. 

Your alteution h also colled tu a notice given It, below, bj oumeroug members uf tbe 

.'.tri.'ullonl Society. 



PECK'S HEADER AND HARVESTER ! 

To which was bIeo awarded the PrRST PREMIUM nt the State Fair, BDd at the Santa. Clam 
Wilbthoeiperienceof the put leasnn, Ibis machine is so improved as lo bo, wlthont question, 

The "Very Best Harvester in Use. 

SICKLE SECTIONS. 

SICKLE SECTIONS !,r UcCOBallCK'S, llUSSEY'S, BDBRIWfi, SEYMOUR i MORGAN'S, 
PALMER k WILLIAMS', and HANKY'S (with Wood's Improvement) REAPERS. Aleo- 
EXTRA CASTINGS AND BRASS BOXES FOR THE ABOVE MACHINES 



^^ O ^«- "*3 ES n. .a. ^E. is? egg , 

WHITE'S PATENT STEEL-TOOTHED BUGGY HORSE RAKE; 
WILCOX'S REVOLVING HAY BAKES, 6, 10 nod 12 feet. 

BOYER'S FARM MILLS, for Peed. Corn Meal or F| nar; requiring but two-borse 
power. Tbo cheapest farm mill in nee. 

PREMIUM FAMING MILLS, of „, «,„ „.!,, ,„d u,, b,., to™,* 

INGERSOLL'S PATENT HAY PRESSES. 

BEAST'S GRAPE-VINE GRAIN CRADLES. 

KIMBALL'S PATENT SCYTHES „« SNATHS, „.M,„I l,„U; ,1. , aj „«., p „,. 



FOREIGN AND NATIVE CRAPES, 

AND GENERAL NURSERY" STOCK, 

OFFERED THE I'BESENT SEASON OF 1S5D AND 16G0, BY 

.A. . P. SMITH, 

AT THE i 

POMOLOGICAL GARDEN AND NURSERIES, 

SACRAMENTO, Two- and- it-balf Miles from tbe City, 

AND AT THE 

OFFICII i \ r. DEPOT POM TREES, 44 J etreel, between Second and Third •trceu, 

SACRAMENTO CITY. 

THE CULTIVATION OP THE GRAPE, AND THE PLANTING OF VINEYARDS UPON AN 
eiteraire scalo, [e at the prerenl time elcitlne a lively lnlorr.=i amoof; the people of nor State. 

Tbi 1 i.uiigcniiilit.i' uf our anil unJ 1 ;limni>' l nnd Ihe 3QCce?3 ivbich has tlnif fur attended the oporn- 
liuniin thoTlnejard, are eieltiog Ihe attention of hundrej! tolhii sobject, and destined to make vine. growing 
md Kloe-maliiae one of tbo frcat Intereits of onr State, With the world for a market, who can eilimslo the 
Health thnt will horoifler aeemo to onr peopto in the manufaetgnj and oif«rtalion of wino. This State and this 
iotereil yet in infancj and this Croat InEoroit ia of such magnitude that it it of the fint importance to begin 
irtgbl. lo do Ibis, n ihnuld now aieertain what is in bo Ibo host nUBmaiLn GBArr. 10 cdltivim, oipeciallj 
'orwine-mnkirg. The California or Los AngeleegrBpe makeiagood and pleasant nine, and while soma claim it 
good as any for making wine, tbo majority of oiperienccd growers pronounce it inferior, and some assert 
rill bo ruponeded by intnootbor and a much bettor grape. Among over one humibed tariotios of grape- 
cdbyu>, tbeC*uroasiaOHAPi[ has alBai a proved W bo Ihe most lender, while tho Fbiscb ana Gee- 
.po invariably resists tho frosts that hate been so very destructive to our Cilifumla grape. This Is a very 
nt point to establish, ns the loss hy frost in Ami wino -district* alone, wonld bo very groat, and therefore, 

no tbi!, and whatever oiperienco wo have already attained should bo carefully noted and improved npoo. 
-t fully nin-rirnenting upon and propairaiing from a ycry large 
d while most of these have proved iiusctlt habdt, Ibo CiLiroE- 




whlchar 



HAY FORKS, BARLEY FOBKS, both steel Bn d t,ood. 

WILCOX'S THREE-BOWED HAND RAKES. 

HOVEY'S HAY CUTTERS, all sizes. 

RUBBER BELTING, oil widths. 

MONKEY WRENCHES. 

GARDEN HOES nud HAKES. 

SKELETON CLOD-CRUSHER OR FIELD ROLLER (home manufacture). 



. -- ,...'UEably ptr.'i'-irC'., 

' f'i i-r.L, r- «bL:b .-..0 very :-ol,: t I tn'd 
iiitf heretofore limited our - .*!,. till ■!,.- 
.imlCed-ocaDrorni.hby the hunil.ed 
rates thin horotofore offered, 
lo Ix* distinctly understood that oar stock hu been all grown by ourselves from bcar- 
■□ vineyard, ana we ennmerjw only snch as we can furniah in largo qnaolities. 
When alhoneond or more vi[L(s4»Vre ordered, the selscirnn of kinds will partly rest wltb ns, but will 
be comprised nilhin tbe following assortment: 

for^SB era'pes J ? T^tol'lowine lj"™l"l'r" th^.reson't («™ -"" "* "" * W '* rti ™ ""^ dM[M1 fot ™* L ' «"1 
Black HambuTgll--An imincnso bearer, a large ond purple berry, one of the finest and most Iqs- 

cioas of black grapes known. 
Willmott's Black Hnmbureh-Kurnordinrtry bearer, and fniit wittj immense sited berriee, diiTer- 
Black Prince— Large, very produclive, rich and very delicious. 

Black Morocco— Very prolific, large clusters, and gives promise of being a very Cue «ine orapr 
Black St. Peters— Long und large elualers, a late fruit, sweet and very delicious. 
Black Frontignall— A good grape with a sweet aud musky flavor. 

Cannon_Hall Muscat— Ono of tbe lai 



ie crur.i.-. 



bile grapes known. From our experience Ibis year w 
productive grnpe, medium slso. 



e rjiauufaeturej. 



GRINDSTONES, nil 

PATENT ATMOSPHERIC CHURNS; the best churn i 

CHEESE- PRESSES, self-acting (homo manufacture). 

LACE LEATHER; LUBRICATING MACHINE OIL. 

LILLIE'S CHILLED IRON SAFES. 

EXTRA POWERS. 1, 2, 4, G, S and 10 Hone. 

EXTRA TRUCKS ana EXTRA LEVERS. 
&r REPAIRING DONE ON SHORT NOTICE. Tb* 
J - ?.-,b HA ,?„ B ^°. , !!;^ P , A , T f! NT BEE-HIVES, -bkh to0K the first PHEUirjj, 

" TerJ " bm b «- hiSfl "• »«. «™ for ub, and, al,o, persons 
in purcbaan the Right of us. 

THOS. OGG SHAW, 

38 SACRAMENTO STREET, 



.t tbe Sum Fair, and which is the t 
wishing to manufacture theec Hives car 



i-'...-! jrr.iiii-. l,iiuo; run.. i-.-- il 



Chasselas of Fontainebleau— A whin 
Eariy White Sweet-water— A well kj 

than the L'lilifiirnia grape, and a g 
Early Wttite Malvoison— Early, and sweei, ond good. 
Fronti.gn.an Moscat— Very fine. Syrian— An immense In- 1 

Qrizzly Frontignan— A good benrer, fine flavor, goad iMt grape " 

LasIimier'eSeedlinfj-tt'hite.goodsi^ medium bearer, high flavor, believed to be good fo, 
Large Rose of Pern-A large eod superior rr.u,, ond veiv i.mlitk- 

McEeady's Early Wiite-Very prolific, aa d ■■ ■■- -'-■- — - 
Mnscatof Alexandria— Large and fine, tho 
Eoyal MuscadiiiL*— 



i three weeks earliei 



go, a late si 



ETape, S 
Bed Frontignan— A very fino grape. 



fll of table grapes, nad of cinaisltc flavor, 
bearer, incomparable ns a tab!, grajie, and promises t. 



White Frontignan— 



ffst, the undersigned, member, of the Stale Agricultural Society of California have ™„ a 

been applied for ; and, in oar judgment, we consider 11 a, 

our ebwrvatlon. of tbo kind ; .ad we oheorfnll, roeommei 

>«oo) Ibis machine, as one of ihe he.1 Combined R„, 



of San Praneiico, C, 
grealeil impmvem.1 
fatniog comma oily 



and valna 



^t with tbo Salt IjiEo telegraph eiPlac, 



.-.fvt ..ngland w„u t says Innt it has been fonnd 

ri.fr.,..- r.in In.- l,.,,, r [roMvd .Iran while U]"U, 
.n betray secreu. Wo inpposc this Is upon tbe 
pnoclpk that tliev alwuje i : „ F djrl . v " a "" 






Elmn Corringtoo, 

A. It. Hill. 
E. A. Manh, 
Charles B. Coolej, 

a e. un-eii, 

IL B. Woodward, 
Bernard S. For, 
Jos. Leatell, 

B. P. Maoldlo, 
W.W. Ligbi, 
Fred Woodward 
T. O. Phelp., 
John A. Sou, 



"■■ I- llol'.illl,- 



J. P. Melrblor, 
Jas. Jlaworth, 
Jos. Harris, 
J. Forman, 
P. A. .MoRae, 
W. H. P„ki, 
J- 1). Valliui, 
J. Horril), 
Win. Rabe, 
Jacob L. Lewis, 
Jos. Klgpeoitiae, 
U- R. Croeker, 
C. 0. leaks, 



Cor. Src Cel Stele Ag. S. 

IV. Wadsnorth, 

EdUorCUlforola Coltori.1 

Jos. S. Elber, 

Thomas Hayes, 

Wilson Flint, 

A. Johoson, 

Artcmus Davison, 
It. Oibbani. 

Charles J. Collins, 
H. 0. ITurrlge, 
Jos. JJ. Hevlu, 

John R. nogeni, 
F. K. Shatioek, 
II. CroBtJle, 
J- 0. Davie, 
J. e. Harbison, 
Charles Zoltler. 



. - - r.fubv iiouwguuu— -i n'r. .it'iic^ous BTapp. 

£ % % m i 

Th.T„ 7^7 AND ORNAMENTAL TEEES. 

Bmbraclng ovia ni n HusDnea "iiw'es among "hlrStra lBr *™t collection in IboState, ouroatalDgae 

APP P^ TO^° ' B ,- i0,ieS ! PEA0HES ' » '"!»«!« . 

Pl'oib. SOvnrictU; ' VEC ^^ S ' ^X a "°^ i 

Chebhies, 5U vnriotics;. 

sl^h.'f' 1 "; "Vr "* ! ", ,f lb " 1 our P " r ""' Chc "I ""« "» ^e fit 
slr.«, befog rre-mb reel (o 12 and li feet high. The greater portion 

Try rooa me grouavpoa Ihelrut imparled Xfassard flock, and not upon „„,„(,„ 
Ibo former be" u, ' "' °' e S on slo ' k "/ »"' C«/s(, ^ n 

B „id M \T;/' , ™ 1 ;'^^ 

tree'st Joll tTZZ XZ^T" frLi " P " r " CU, " r "*"•* b " """ *W*lb. .ro^ngortb. 
e no liner healthier trees, will ho fonnd In Ibo market Ibis 



ApJUCOTS, 12 Vl_ 

Grapes, 100 vnrio'tiee. 
irer oiforod for sato In Ibis State, of all 



ninl'.l..if,liir, rM f |,. ,„■ ,,,.,, ',.„„. , '7 "? ''"■-" ■■'■■ i -' r "' !,l ^ ui '■!!".;» l-,il, Eoodandnew, Also averv 

U, m: L.™,, „„„,,,,„ M „ .„„ |clji „ dA „, r , m . 

Catalp* ; CuiKA, and other Trees * 

we£,:i^ CAMELLIA, oo» .„ 

wltb the toed.re.lear. inTcen^rva'oJ T, i, ntlo«or a h "< " "'"e" 011 ' "' " *"" *—,* ponribl 

rywe ODAiMiiTEi: am. to-fa r»n»L ..^"".r"' bl " 0M af "" «™ " f ,ho p ,0 «°™ *»m.rii 



. TREES PROM OVB. HURSER* TIIUB ', 
- 1 "' s, Roks, 4c, see CATALQflDES, ,. 



tub sajib.^ 




13 



THE OAL IgQB ]S T I A. FARMER. 



glif falitamt Jtaw. 



[ Brchsngw- 
m» m cormpendenl. plea" W P"S-'»^? 
aedren lo o. al SAN FKAKCISCO,;.* - 



.our plan 





tic Ibc °l'<> S!a,c ' 


,.,Ni ;,;_(«: 






UTllgM fo 


""' of h *™ 8 



L Ilertatljln 



TO CoMISfOSDEt 

edge the receipt or 

tiogoisbcd writer of Sew York, "lilri 

rlcs," "A Story of an incomplete Life," by Mary 

C. Vnoghn, wb' ■ - 

bcr. Xlil! lady stands high as 






uable I 



..,*.. received, will bo responded to, ai 
if ell os oil oar other valued correspondents, Wi 
niuif lu kni>v.- of tlie restoration of one on whom 
the hand of disease has so long been laid. We 
Lope we shall bear often from her. 



a of thi 



Agricultural Convention. 
Os Friday next, the 2-ilb, a Convent! 
Tutor o/ 0* Sail will roeel in Ibis city to 
into consideration the subject of ft State Agri 
lural Fair, the present jeer, in this eieinily. Tliis 
call for a Contention has been demanded: by Ibi 
voice of the people intereslod in Agriculture, be. 
caose they feel that their rights and privilege, 
have been abused and violatod by the hit Agri- 
enltnral meeting which was held under the auspi 
cts of the tait State Agricultural Society at Sac 

As Uio State Agricultural Society was iin in 
earporated Society, orguniicd for the good of th 
irnofo Salt, and not of a particular county, and a 
at that meeting the torn and mthlt of gfUtn out o 

ibemsclves aggrieved, and a portion of them bat 
resolved not to take- any part or lot with the pre? 
cut acting Stale Agricultural Society, bot to lak 
measure) to prescal their cose to the Legislator! 
and ask for a n(» Charter and Constitution the 
shall be free from the former and present control 
and the debts now bunging i 



is rise 






and by thLa. 



good for the whole State. To this end, San Jos 
qoin district, cud Alameda district] and San Fran- 
cisco district hive taken measures, to hold a Con- 

Fanmri and Stutk-rawj everywhere, who des 
to organise anew, to join them in this Convi 

better Constitution and better system of neli. 



gaalialion for years, and to give this Society 
thc management and influence of the agrieulti 
who alone should end con secure and protect 
Interest! of their own profession. 

The importance of this movement can best be 
appreciated when it Is remembered 

seven thousand dollars unless the county of Sac- 
ramento is willing t'j ft4«nme it, which Is not very 
probable. And if the Legislature should act as it 
ought by reason of the violation of the. charter, 
and lake it awny or withhold the 55,000 appropri- 
ation, the Society is tbca embarrassed with a load 
of debts sufficient to destroy it, and no other sec- 
tion of the Stale would bo willing to receive the 
Soofcr nnd act under it, and assume their heavy re- 
sponsibilities. It la for these reasons thnt a nt» 
organization is now demanded, nnd to this end 
11,.; Invitation Is now given for oil the friends of a 
good institution to assemble nt San Francisco on 
IB 24th instant, and act 



A Noblo CaliforolnD. 

mip all tbe calamities of the Golden State, amid 
the charges made against her oitiicns for their 
n of gold," there will appear upon the pages of 
ifornia's history aa many ooblo deeds — as many 
ily actions— H3 many munificent charities, and 
nany unselfish nnd self-sacrificing deeds, ashes 
r illumined the pages of a liko number of peo- 

California is made up of people from all parts of 
the world, and In nil purls or the world Will Stand 
recorded the generous deeds of noblc-licnrtcd Cali- 
fornium, and while tbe hearts of parents may have 
often been called to raouro in sad bereavement tho 
loss of loved ones, and husbands and wives and 
kindred and friends mny have also been deeply 
nfflicted. Yet there have also been thousands of 
hearts made joyous and happy, and years of life 
added to many by the noblo and generous deeds of 
Califurnions. 

We have before us the proof of one true Califor- 
nlan, whose generous nnd manly sou! has not only 
gladdened many hearts in bis early Now England 
home, but whose generous deeds in the early his- 
tory of thiB Slate were proverbial. Thoautbor of 
so much happiness to Others as wo shall show oy 



riiv,:,l f 



a Allan 



resident of S 


cram 


nlo in 49, 


SO, and 'SI— 


vel 


and truly kno 


vnasn 


mang bcr 


nost enterprising 




altho 






Into 


of the Fionee 


by fire, flood, wre 


ck and ruin, 


yet 






he always 


irevcd advc 


sill 


with a strong 


lesrt 


and manly 


ourage, and 


de- 


ied ail adversity, always sent 


crcd his ho 


nt] 


with a lavish 


aud- 








Like the ma 




ug men of ci 


lriy days, his 


was 


a gay and sw 


it life 


money was valueless. 


Ye 


his generous B 


oul al 


rays remem 


bercd the absent 






antly, e 






i, vrhili 

storm. After many years of a changeful fortune, 
we find our hero a man of active business in an- 
other territory, active as ever and generous to a 
fault, nnd incidentally drew from him those facts 
which will always nurain n man under all tho bit- 
ter stings of adn.rs.iiv — "Hie iLiing g.iad to others" 
— and ne learned too, indirectly, that onr friend 
had been for years contributing most hounleously 
tu many of his kindred elsewhere, and the return 
he received in love nnd gratitude was bis incentive 



u Hi el 



ncthin 



will be f{ 



which he richly 
following L 



The Erst le 



his mother, seventy years 

clear and diatincijnd its tone speaks as only a 
mother's heart coOT speak. To that mother, father 

The second teller is from a niece, nnd Its 
speaks for itself. It tells of Ibe generous dec3s of 
her uncle, and sorely Buch a letter even is a rich 
rd. We only regret we ere not at liberty It 
ihc name of the aothor of such deeds, for It i: 



lib 



cslly hoped thalw 



innty m 



ing has been called, individuals 

iho great cause of agricoltnre In a 

branches, should come forward and givt 

fiuence to this meeting. We speak from auiaoriny 

whta we say that if a proper spirit " " 

how, tbe milt sum of $30,000 can 1 

sure a grand nod glorious Slate Fa 

clotty the present year, and in accord: 

will of the peopli 



II. iv MXlv:- 



.■r.rii,- 1,1 



. then 



Iter than to hoard up urtalth to be be 
'ier death, and for which monuments ai 
r better is it to do oil the .good possi 
i life and see Ihe fruits thereof. Wo 
mher Ibe words of tho generous mnn ( 
nave been speaking. Said he : "I d 
die rich— I only want enough to lit 
■ and makt thou I fort happy around n 
te," and Ibis he will do, us we have th 
1 It in Ihe letters wo publish. We hope 
lo will induce maoy to imitate ffaeb 
tin the reward ho has won. 



Dear Son: 1 must writ 
you Tor your kindness lo 
;.i ! rir.li in faith and clle- 

all her trials, il,-. n ill ble 



l.iwini; Hi- .I'.ifk.T oru-. iiiii'tc-lirijililliy 
noblo deed of yours illuming ' 



P>r ■ 



Willi... 



plea 



those 



.„„ .ind read them 

hcarlsdrnwing closer and closer loy.iur-ili.n Ink 
Were there more hearts liko yours in tho world 
there would bo less sorrow. that in some wny 
we might repay you for your nun; mi.l ,'r. it kiu.l- 



indeed, y 



If If 



on Id save 



■"» '■-■-' 



i, ,ike yoi 



fo through life's thurnv ]ili'i 
last in safety to your I/tar 
rits of thoEC who have knon 
ill, will bo waiting lo welct 



Dnelo John, please imagine your own foclin 

form some idea of the great joy you have given ii 
We will not forget yon, nnd I would ili.n n e t.-.u 
thank you sufficiently, liny God reward 




tho State Agricnltural Society. 

"Almost willi ..mil- i iin . the press of our 

Stale bavc coiiilenincrl ilic rum* pursued by the 
S'.ii.. A-riiilmral Snfitty, In locating Ibo Fair 

We published the above some weeks since, and 
it Bccms It has called oat some feeling from tbe 
Bee nnd Union of Sacramento City. This might 
have been crpecled from thnt place. The lice re- 
sponded, defending Sacramento, yet it will find n 
broader reeling of dissatisfaction than it supposed. 
We can name numerous Journals that have con- 
demned the aelion of the Society. The manner of 
response of the Union was beneath tho dignity of 
a journal of its standing. To its allusion to oorself 
wo simply reply, wo removed our office to Sacra- 
mento in 18S5, at the urgent request of the Board of 
Managers of tho State Agricultural Society, gnva 
Ihera Ibe free use of our museum, crebaoges, and 
all Ihe influence of our press and personnl efforts 
to further the cause of Ihe Slate Society and Stole 
Foir then lu be held there, andjifter two years' la- 
bor and a BBCrifico of irotral Ihouiaad dollara by 



the i 



i Franc 






endo nbout moving on 
iwas nojnst. We had 
■ommrojandhndlabored 



cl vict, Bbonld mnko II 
;e as to be nt tho Convention t 



Wnahington'a Birth-Doy. 



O'er all oar land-oven on Ibe sea, nnd even 
foreign bnds, under monarchical and dtspi 
governmeul,, wherever the air of Heaven 1b wafted 



l.n,;),! . 



■led for you lest yon with all 

oul might be ruined by ibat lo 
fire water; but John don't buy n 
will be wronging yourself and ol 
oorself nnd them. Discard thai 
> only safe way; persevere and yi 



sacred throng 
amid tho Btor 


alllhnc UoBllt 


spotless name 








men— apotles 








Sterol c leader 


Eourannj'.and.ni 



uncellor 



t bright 



ample Tor mankind to folios 
*eep, then, this day gle 
with tho purest nnd holiest of uli nssocuvii 
our eonniry's annals, and bid our ehildri 
thlUrw. children copy the life and example of 
hington. 



tbelmmoit 



id now, John, as 
trust yon w'" 
o get when 



> stoped think, iomiiti„-|.i. ;„;.:, 

cheerless old age, (iod In his'™™ 

01, 1 don't fon;.:! Ill, I, iull. ■ .!„;,.■ „|- ; 



d best Irlcod. 
it VncLt Jons : What 



I I:.,,,.- 



It came, Une 
Sew-Ycnr's-. 
could yoo h 
and tho choc 



™ild 
oijjsareinadeoup 

clouds tBathadfor 
It came like 

'jT^yJ'sum 

' of need" for° 
nines pay-day, 






aothor 



—The Fan 



arywaioulle mllj, Lh 6 mercury at 



that State 
nth or Janu- 
■o lime being 






"aid, "1 am uo i 
■' .[.il.i, i),ana 
)0d. J wish my agnjo 



man bad tho eotiro charge of the office, oj 
ways hos, moving wneu suited his conv 
and the issue of tho piper. Wo were not 
nar directed It, and the Inn 
Sunday was ns unkind as I 
made sacrifices lo serve Sari 
fnrher; and this attack c 
frum that purse-proud journal. If necessity corn- 
not so bad as to play jjoierall Saturday night till 
tbe Sunday sun shone through the cabin lights. 
No ouo eon charge us villi want of lovo for Sac- 
ramento. In tho labor of seven or ten years past, 
Il has been so deeply bnrncdjnto us that even the 
floods could not wash it away. And yot we will 
not uphold .them in Ihn wrong they kayo dono lo 
tho great cause of Agriculture. This ovil could 
have been avoided if all Ihe c-j/tctrt of tho State 
Agricultural Society bad acted as noblyns did 
Gtneral RedingUn. We remember Mr. Crocker also 
protested against the wrong. But every officer 
shoold have dono bo, and had this been done their 
influence would hftvo changed the nction of the 
meeting and we shall always hold thnt there was 
a secret inllocnce at work lo retain tho Foir, right 
or wrong, moved by thost ' 

tonal ffuineri by holding Incrativo offices; time 
will reveal all this, and on tbcm let tbe rcapoosl 
blllty fall. 



A Chlof Moelatrato Exalted 

Aseiniso politicians all seem lo think that Ibi 

highest honor has been ntlniocd In out Stat 

when they are seated in tho gubernatorial chair 

whete ft Chief Magistrate has taken a much hlgTe 
cilice without leaving tho Stale. Ei-Govcrno 
John B. Woller has been tlttitd to the otf nersliii 
or a splendid farm and orcbari 
Alameda County, nnd is. now 
own hands planting trees and ni 
to tho dulics of his estate, labo 
daily. Nob 



i Valley, 
with his 
ersonally 



null, , 



aacu higher offia than that of Ihe Governor? and 

itle than can bo purchased at at any "bnllot- 
n tho world. And wo venture Iho assertion 
lowevermuch Mr. Woller'a mind may heretofore 
icon given to politics and engrossed by It, ho 
ay thnt in bis prcaont occupation iboro 
[renter pleaiare, a sweeter satisfaction, and vastly 
noro real happiness given lo his bean ond mind 
>ddcd lo a belter health, than ho ever before en. 
oyed. Tho estate, which ho purchased of Sir. Lu. 
illing, is In n highly cultivated condition am. 



:ry large ow 
io suburbs i 



s shoold bo Improved by tbj 

Mechanics and laborers can by 
*' " f ;aincstcod"onensy terms, 
now improve Ihe opportonltlei 



Tlios 



a ihe hen 



nlho< 



, splendor 



i Ihe 1 



:.M1>; 



freshness in tho stream." 
Oow Ibo veins Bwcll! how swiftly tho blood 
lows through tho heart, and to the citremes of 
wx physical frames, as the balmy breath of Spring 
ouches our cheek. Wo inhnlo its life-giving, 
loul-rovlving power, ond feel iho same renowlng 
if our existence aa the birds nnd blossoms feel 
ivhen tho warm sun touches Ibcm or tho dowa of 
leaven rest upon them. 

Who that has a mind capacious enough to con- 
emplnto tho renewal of earth's beauties in Spring- 
lime, con fnil to bo inspired with Ihc Order and 
perfection of all Katnro's tows. They Speak lo ub 
everything that meoto our vision— the tender 
lis that sends up ils green points at our foot, or 
tho little "weo" blossoms that eomo nnt early in 
ho spring-time, peeping oul like a litllc playful 
hild that Ihrusls its rosy cheeks from neatb ils 
rndle-covering on a cool morning — tho early bird 
hut hops from bough to bough, looking for a place 
or its nest— Iho frolicksome lamb that, feeling the 
genial sunshine sports and gambols by its moth- 
J s side— tbe song of praise from every living 
eoturo tul man, ns they tee, fill, and ad, whilo 
icy acknowledge tho rt(urn of Spring ns the im- 
ortat part of the year, when new life is inftiscd 
into nil the things thai God has created. Where- 
'er wo go, oflor leaving tho thronged city, as wo 
iter Ibo rural districts, wo behold the signs of ri- 
ming Spring. 

The hills are dressed in living green. 

The early uowors appear : 
Nature speaks out— her [miles sro scon. 
For Gon la everywhere. 
How much of life is lost by tbe dull round of 

iged in nccumulnting wealth that in a few years 
they must leavo for others to squander perhaps. 
Why not livo nea 1 Why docs not man nwnhe to 

le as other plants do, at the return of Spring- 

A single trip lo Sacramento ought to inspire tho 
huraun mind with the great trulh revealed in nn- 
t tho "Return of Spring." Look at tho beau- 
green hills above Bcnicial The heart 
io dead indeed that will not throb with de- 
al such a. scene, reminding as of Iboso 
lis strains in tho melodious song: 

"With verdoro clad." 
vcr-banka, loo, bursting out with tho signs 
ly vegetation, while the eye looks ofT in tbe 

siglil proving the reality that It ii tbn "Bctarn of 
Spring" with as. These scenes apoo Iho Socra- 
-er, and from tbenen to tbe Levee City, 
I thence lo her beautiful gardens and 



Ijpuof Uuwixi'i Sarins \ 



Pnonnrss i: 
uch ptcasui 



thnt.ft bill c 



-Wo lenrn 
g S5,0< 



Protection and Relief Society, has 

lasscd to bo engrossed. We also notice the in tro- 

luclion of a bill granting bonds for S10.000 to J. 

W. Marshall, for life, the first discoverer of gold 

in California. This is right, end wo hope the same 

Legislature will do a greater deed of justice and 

ot a bouuly of 3100,000 to General Sutter, one 

aso once princely domain has been stripped 

n him lo enrich others, and without inhoir efforts 

improve Au oun farm, the gold of California, 

do hope our Legislature will view this subject in 
i Irno light. England has granted a life-bounty 

the man who first discovered gold in Australia! 

princely gift or §50,000 per annum for life, and 
nil Gcnernl Sutter bo forgotten nnd suffer now 

his old ngol Lot a just liberality speak for 
m, the good old Pioneer of CnllforoJn. 



Soot 



is Ruuati Haomixe.— Wo havo received 
No. 1, now series, of the Southern Rural Magazine 
nnd American Cotton Planter and Soil of tho 
Soolh. This Magazine comes lo us In nn enlarged 

Drpartmint" added lo it; nnd -who should wo find 
ns the tdiirai but our very accomplished nnd tal- 
ented correspondent "Liiiio Linn," whoso happy 
letters have graced tho columns of the FAnitnn 
until her advent into tho Editorial Chair. Most 
sincerely do we wclcomu the Indy into the circle. 
Long mny her lift and strength be wielded to bless 
mankind with her sprightly nnd truthful del 
lions of character, nnd pictures of truth. Tho 
Southern Rural Magaiino, edited by Dr. Claud for 
so many yenrs so ably, may Indued be said to shine 
oow in its advent with tho Lndios' Department, for 
ft slor of more than ordinary brilliancy will illu". 
mlnc the Cloudj, and thus bear Ibo Magaiino into 
ft higher atmosphcro of usefulness ond fomo. It Is 
published al Montgomery, Alabamn. 



•l*_-t CuaaiSTS.— Wb nope every person who 
I ft garden will plant curranU. This oiccllont 
It grows so quickly, and tho tree bean so 
jndanlly, and tho fruit is bo excellent as i 



s, that ci 









■tn..u 1. 1 bo [.l.i n(. ■! 



'y family should havo il. Currant 
iry Inn- prices, and 



cry generally. 



Finsi Bloou ok Piaoit Tkbeb.— In a trip to Oalt- 
Inad tho past week, we found a large peach tree in 
full bloom in the garden of A. W. While, Ihe largo 
oE Raspberries. It was a beautiful sight, 
ichos of the early nnd fra- 
grant blossoms as a memoato of the first flowering 



grant bloss 

„f iliii Lu- 



is fru 



Fob. 1 it: 



V»nui K fJATCimas.— Wo ask attention lo tho 
card of Ftnttt advertised In our columns. Theso 
animal, are worth their weight. In gold to parties 
who are troubled with any visitors like squirrels 
end particularly W W Farmers should Lem 
to ^:-"""lto,ey lh ,a, nE „ rpolU| 



Flowers! Bright Flowers. ! 

Thb Editress of this journal desires lo acknowl- 
edge tho very hondsomo present of a largo and 
beautiful plant of tho Camellia Japnuica from A 
P. Smith, Esq., of the Pomologlcal Gardens, Sad 
rnitlonlo. Laden with buds and flowers this gor- 
geous plant has now in pericclion three or those 
pure white blossoms which to the homnn cyo 
speak of Innocence and purity. How appropri- 
ately ihey tell of the cuiltcd calling of tho florist 
from whom she has received this valuable pres- 
ent. Her kindest wishes nro tendered to Mr. Smith, 
hoping his life may be full of happiness and pros- 
perity, nod liko tho flowers nlwnys better and 



brighter whon It 



c blossoms 



grow upon 



AIbo, to acknowledge from L. Provost, Esq., 
of Sun Jos6, a liberal parcel of Roses nnd 
Lilacs from his delightful garden. Wo hardly 
know how lore torn thanks for so liberal a bounty. 
Fourttin vnrlctles of the Tory choicest Roses, and 
iti of Lilacs. Our words must bo brief when wo 
hftvo a henrt full of gratitude. Ifny his pathway 
In life ever be crowned with flowers, ond may they 
be sweet with fragrance, aud thornlcss too. Hav- 
ing Seen both these gardens, wo say, lovers of tho 
Camellia should not fail to visit Smith't Garden 
now and sea the show of "Camellias." What a 
giRforfriendBl Also, Prevost's Gordon to pnr- 
ebnsa "Koscs," for those two places are famous 
for th_C3o Iwojrrouof their 5peoic3 ; both nro truly 
Queens in Flora's fair domains. 

Asorain GrtT or- Fiowtbb.— Frnm that bcautt- 
fnl spot across Hie bay, Shell-Mound, came alargo 
cluster of rich ond fragrant Hyacinth blossoms in 
spikes of flowers, and Roses blao nnd -while. 
These, with other flowera,.and a choice shrnb or 
two, wo acknowledge In tho name of tho editress, 
from Sir. Patterson of the Shell-Mound Nursery, 
to whom is offered grateful acknowledgements. 
While passing over this Nuraory lately, we felt tho 
truth of tho compliment paid to Its proprietor for 
the fine lot of trees sent Io the mountains re- 
cently, for wo snw trees of all kinds, Apple, Pear, 
Cherry, Plum, and Peach, with Tlnw and §hrnbs, 
nil finely grown, sach its must please every pur- 
chaser. 

A Giit raou "Pomona."— Prom B. L. Beard, Esq., 
we havo to acknowledge a very hnndsomo pnrcel 
of choice grape-vines, figs, etc., of very rare kinds. 
Wo know them to be rare, as they were the pro- 
duct from tho very choicest kinds n 
from France direct in the year IBf>3, and 
we supplied tho vineyard of Cupl. Mncondray nt 
San Mateo, who sc splendid ^Tnjms havo been tho 
theme of praise everywhere; and also from tho 
same importation wo supplied Smith's gardens, 






;c grape 



lis very choicest kinds i 

n-illsooo be scattered over onr State 



CetEnnATiox op WaeuisnTos's Bibtd. Dat at 

an invitation from tho President nnd Faculty of 
tho Santa Clara Collego to the celebration of this 
memorable day, at this ili=tiii t -ui.-hcd institution by 
the students. Wo accept the courteous invitation 
regret we cannot bo present, for weknnw that it 



L.i,:,,,, 



n the It 

limentary to tho s 1 



ivill relle,: 



The S 









a Clara Colleg 



II bo highly corn- 
flourishing 



imber ofpnpils i 
making great progress in all departments of learn- 
ing. This Institution Is supplied with Iho best 
phBos optical apparatus in IbeStato, andwith every 
facility for a complete education. 

Bna-iliVEfl. — A Socramonto paper — wo presume 
It was the Bee of coarse — is now boasting of nsing 
50,000 feet of lumber, in three months, Tor bee- 
hives. This is well, and wo rejoice at it. But wo 
enn coll attention to Ihe well known establish- 
ment of Messrs. Hobbs, Gilmoro * Co., on Market 
Street, or this city, thai can eclipse them all hol- 
low. This firm oro mokiog hives for San Jose, 
Santa Clara, Alameda, and nil the neighborhood 
around, and they manufacture tbem in splendid 
ordor, turning out 100, 200 or 300 a day, as they 
are wanted. Messrs. IL, G. £ Co. hovo ndded 
largely to their machinery. They hove many now 
improvements, and their mills oro a wonder worth 
Visiting ; nnd what is real, they can ond do work 
to Iho complete satisfaction nf all who give" them 
contracts. 

OntmoK A prus.— Messrs. Hull, Knapp, of the 
Oregon Fruit Warehouse, on Washington street, 
have lately boon receiving several lots, some 13 or 
1600 boies of splendid npplcs from Oregon; n few 
pears also camo with them— this fruit all found 
ready sale to our retail dealers, tho principal pur- 
chasers being Messrs. Bryant, Hill, k Co., whoso 
•ales the past year would i 
in this trade. 

Messrs. H. K. & Co., n 
boxes in the next gleam cr. 
sell, wholesale 0, 10 



hold m 



Stan; 



1 higher. 



,- iho best lot ia 



or above S5O,00O 

II receive nbont looo 

Apples in good order 

12. Ultra, 13, nnd 

Messrs. Bryaol, Hill & Co, 



orkot. 



id Bbothebs.— This old and well known 
Arm, manufacturers of oil and eomphene, have 
laken tho apneious block on the corner of Front 
and California streets. This extensive warehouse 
them an opportunity to respond to 
eir large nnd rapidly Increasing busi- 
dessrs. Stanford Brothers have been bo long 
favorably known over the State, that all 
required is to announce the fact of their re- 



Ihc calls o, 



lent, ] 



Their 









innufoctory is the 






eryb 



ullereJ. 



T. Ooo Shaw's AomcDtTimAt, WakkhOuHH.— 
Every Tanner who Visits our city should make il a 
special duty to go lo Ihe workshop nod warehouse 
of this manufacturer. It will pay them woll 10 
ei ami no tho fine implements now made and 
making. 



STATE SUMMARY. 

T "h B«d llnff Beneon of 1Mb says; We have 



mE^OALIFO ByiA F ABMm 



The Com™ Casta tin? 
Of Ik coal DHL,.- Mint [„!],. 
that the coal has been t 
lent qn.llity. TJlo vein 



mentions the discorer 
luSFnrline::, and suit 
land proved office! 



complex the preliminary 



JsovadiL, and say that the grade will not exce 
eighty feet to the mile „„ „„,- ,. , t , ,„-„,, ,.,,„, .„ 
that the deej.,-,1 coitiog will" not be raore tbi 
Uiirty feet. 



Wb notice H-ith much pleasure a memorial upi 

10 counter or the banking house of Brumngi 

* Co., signed by a goodly Hat of merchants and 

"ns, asking nur Legislature to bestow $5,000 

.id ofa "Home of the inebriate." This n-ould 

bo a noble deed for onr Legislnlnre, and ono tha 

nonld be truly wise legislation. Via, every Sena 

tor and Assemblyman most know that lo tare mei 

from the infamy of intemperance is to sato the coj 

ofcrlioc nod pauperism to iho State, and the good 

lury o 
;mp1oyed thai 




-. — Fiiutia.— Wo wit- 
irghlygmtinodlasl week, when visiting (be Me 
'■-nics' Institute ond Library moms. to find unci 



Bees, Bee-hives, Honey 1 

REV. L. L. LANGSTROTH'S 

MOVABLE-COMB HIVE! 
HT KAM HAHILTOK, of SAMTA CLAEA, 

APIARIST AND AGENT 

Fnr the above named Patent Hive, for California, 

Oregon and Washington. 

iwlthiDgein obtain Individual RIG1IT3 
itates and Territory by .ending «5, by 
and Co.'rEinreu, tu the undertimes. 
«.k»,„ HnUMHAMII/rnS 



13 



plot is laid off at toj. BfdweU'iJbn..... . ,, 

«eek f a'nd l""? '' n" "^ not " 1 3ido ° r Chii 
(Ibirn'h.i i.,™ I.'''"-'". -:..;""''"'' i <"'■.""-■■■«•■■ 






•rij ; 



Kewand important discoveries in Calaveras conn 
ty, of neb veins of gold and silver ore, at a plae. 

are reported to be f fabulous richness. ' Koch «. 
neat has been canwd by "these discoveries 
who h ni Jr-lLr;ii[j]..,-i [,. 



. .j „ uu nd. This set of 

and in a Ten- days tiro mora volumes trill be ad- 
ded, eo that the Mechanics of San Frandscn can 
look back over every volume of the Farmie, and 
see that there is one jonrna! in this Stale that has 
been the constant and firm friend of the », 
metWe. The Rcadlng-ronm of tbo Mech. 
>nstitote is now furnished with ono of tho very 
!Bt and most select libraries on this mast ■ ire 
ill not ncrpl any En pniot nf n select and choice 
iriety of the best standard works. I( i, -„onhy 

Jvelfare or the working classes, and mosTonnorJ 
hie to those donors who have aided the Institute 
nod to the iostitotc itself. May the greatest stic- 



J- D. ARTHUR & SON, " 

AGRICULTURAL STORE. 



PITTS' & HALLS' THRASHERS. 

BOSTON STEEL CLIPPER PLOWS 

HAHBOWS, SHOVELS, OBIHDSTONES, BTO 

Nos. 3, 4, and 5, Waehineton street, 

' : "" FKASCISCO. 



BANKERS, ETC. 



MARK BRTJMAGIM & CO., 



SEED, PLANTS, &o. 



BAH FKASCI6C0.. 

Slglit' 



..CALIFORNIA, 

Ellis 

Bank of Commerce, Boston. 

SIGHT AND' TIME BILLS 

American Exchange Bant, Netf York, 

""» frineljal Cities of the Onion and 



MARK BRUM AG /f i'T CC 




!■:■ Car=:..r 



"i-IIlv, a, 



ley, the prcj- f ,„|, r . 



s been reserved foi 
■ Very many fruit 



"ill : _- r™,|,:,i 



Seen WABKantJSE— The recent gentle rains hav 
started planters to work in earnest, and our scv 
oral seedsmea have been quite busy. Mr. S. W 
Moore k Co., J. p. -Sweeny 4 Co., and C. L K«t 
1-E £ Co., have each aad all a very valoabl, 
:k ofseeds of all kinds, and to their houses w< 



VEmvLTISr DBSTBOTBR8. 
A P n ™) % 2JPEBI0r7bKBBTS (JIalo and F«- 
Imlfcb'io'riiod™™ "° oble<i ''J'Ha'J, Gophers, 
f luilnellTBlj foilnw into the hole., atlas*, and 



Hi... 






!i lull ■. 



orders faith fully 



To Oca Besoms— We desire to call the alien- 
on of our readers tn the article wo have token 
from the Water Cnte Journal. The great loss of 
'"- *nd the wide spread of this class ofdiseucs 



theSuge LV.iii] Jf iny. .Ml ,■,,[,„,,: 



itancb, he accidental I_v disc 



— -O poblish IVuuu . ■■ 

proved by many suffering onw f oc lbe ^ - 



TO SHEEP FARMERS. 

T'Ln ^" i S'"F? Bi - h " i " h 'd ™»nrTO.n' eiwrleiiMM 

Addron, by iniHf, WM. II. T kllmv. " 

«tf»««-L. ^Ye" ll J r ! ™af?™L. lr i a d' F™m"Slrt, 



PIOCHE & BAYERQUE 

AGENTS AND BANKERS, 

Montgomery Street, Corner op Jackson, 

SAN FRANCISCO. 

DRAW ON 

SCHUOHARDT & dfiBll.lH.r.. 

DRA^ ON " EW TOJUt 

!■■ C, OPPBItMAKN, 






F>, 



cities of— 
pruss'ia. 



ir.-u.v. 
I'RiisarA. 

IIOLLAKD, 



**"?v H w* n tedT 



Dnnm wu M0B b M ._ Wb arenndernb- 
lotions to Hon. Wm. JL Gwin for'doenmeats from 
IPashington. which we received per last mails. 






PSl !SwrSK' -^ '"'re.'" 1 ***" 



KBS. LIZZIE WIZET -WAHBEH, X. D. 

?• Wonkl into™ bet friend,, pit™, ma] fee public (1, 
propwe. to commence tbopracBceof berprafcMton 



■doroi "Anoneco of preromloa li mrtb . ^ .'" -" '" '""' 
«d^.o Ihu ll^rea.clile.o.alwe^^^ ' 

,'Jj "™™'* ll,!, 'l l0 »» "bi !!■ unci itrat., rcljin E 

lP pi I i n r.od,=oXr n , , LS™ u ^ Ja? "P" 11 "" ""' "■ 

WcUr. Tto teMfcht en-ct. of WU er, Prrocr i t „,„,", 



These^ we e?™^'^ - ^ The «^"" says, 

rtbe lady of the fi™ « , >>r " *'" :i, " 1 ' i11 -- «i>» 
with the jient having ih'i if' r ~' l - h '' "' "s-'-'liny 
ot the gent with red hair nf' K wiit, .h 'i 1 ,l,C BCI 
orvtasihe f lllt ... ,,. |, ',, ■'" "" '"'-'■' '"■•"■ 



PATJENT RIGHTS FOR SALE. 

No. L A New Eotary Subsoil Plow. 
No. 2. A Corn Cultivator. 

Ho. B. An Improvnd Clothes Bool inn Bar 
^^ J'luntof j anuor( a, ieoo. 

Ho. 4. Xho Kechanio'i Spirit toyeL 
™* hantamu nfjt be of^™T «i P ^o" Contnotor. u c - ^ 

Tbt. wfli be B0 ' 6 ' A Hn,tot0 B«- 

A - 41 "! Hyde's Patent PostJJrlTor, 

J^bu, can do to on npullciuJi'- .«' Jl l "" 1 ' or '""""laart 



TJAVABL 

' -. : . .;;i i. 

ISIil.lNi 
■ ! :.:..:■■ 
PtVITZKIll 
GERUANr, 

■ i.i. i i -ri i., i„. .,,1,1,. ,..,.,.,,'.. '.„':■'■.. ■ ;' :; r 
"Utaordepoiiion in ile fftiK,.- 1 !■.-,[. cr-j-rei' oj ij ■.,-,.;''.': 

xj o rr_i o b . 

OF SHAX10APITAIB, SATIHGS, Etc. 

aAT&r™c^.'nV™ n *.*e^™"i' l ™' rf ''°"- uJ " : ''' 11 ' ftl " AT E 

in ,«.j,i;lj-. ,n.;„:il,-; ,', r ■ | ...-,' r ■-,'■ v '', n' T ','i,' , .'™i.' "n7',nM°^ 
K^rGroo,".t ', !:: i "'.'■'"'■ : - --P»«X T oad 
Dbmbi, CslifumU, ComMerefJT.TirVt'.'pnKy' F^n"?'""'' 

ISO loSI0 : e*J"d 



Seed "\7^"«ir©lio-uL»3o t 

• (ESTABLISHED IN 1E50.) 

S. W. MOORE, 

110 California st.hstweea Man tgomBryftflanianitl, 

sjw frahcisco, 

1U. for Hie the aio.t mtlcmi™ v.rlcry of 

KTrCHEN-GARDEN, HELD, FI0WEH, 
FRUIT AND TREE SEEDS 

IN CALIFORNIA, INCLUDING) 

),0001ba. Pore AlfiUfe or Chili Clover Seed, 

OF THE Ntir CHOP. 

HYACINTHS, TULIPS, LILIES, AND OTHER 
BULBOUS ROOTS. 



■i Tl re.jST U h' 1Vc ""' F " : : n4Cn -'» BnJ Freeinin 4 Co.'. 
>!he Criul p„;lii nc U f r«£ J"hK,i"'tS! 



™^"w™«S' 



™p"nj™%'rt°iS"s™nj n iif,V , * N ""''i' 1 ' u V ""' ' '' "' r '' ' : ' 
l« AlM ' F,T '" :,, ■ Bn 8 l,,h . ■""! "*« EoiopZ S«°. 

H^nJr.J i'. ii... p, : | 1; ; ,^ ;. '.",.,■■'■■ . r " : " " n orcr T Oac 



'. Bryani HIIL 



J.' BHYANT HILL*& CO, 

COBMISfllOH BBALEBS AND JOBBERS IK 

jgtFRTJITS, BTJTTER,!^^ 

POULTRY, ECCS, ETC., ETC. 
Won. 63 and G5 DlcrcUant Slreel,g 

Between Uont.omery endgame (l „ ol , 
BA » FHANOI8CO. 



J. C. Fall, o. O. Drfu^j 




To the Seed Trade, 

S nAVfKO TnE LARQEST AND SJ0ST EX- 

» U EI ID S 

irnwIntT ••J.i.Ml.t In tho Unlea, „ »„ pr,. 
I to 'Ol>plypo«lersoalhomo)tfarorabl«tarmj. 

Our American Seeds 

nth b. e,„pt iolu rli „d under oor o,a IdsboUW. 
nsion, aad r can warrant then, as Fint-clas. in 

Dutch lli.ibo.is Roota, 

^orinrts, 7- U f.>,, "'"/yU^, JVb^K.1 

»>«", t>oj,n 7-npmbi, *, 

In Brsat varioty. 

- /™" CATALoones jojt PD bli,hed, «hl e h raay 

bo had of oor Awn., AIR. THOMAS DAY, 1E3 Mont 

^neryM^SanFraael^Cnl. 

J. 31. THORltlflv & CO, 
Grornrs and Importer, r Seeds, 

15 John street, 
GARDEN AND AGRICULTURAL 

SEED WAREHOUSE, 

Wo. 10S CALironxu STREET. 

SAlt FiUKCISCO. 

^ TO THE SEED TRADE. ^ 

'e have the largest and most varied ttMortmentof 

FRESH FIELD AND GARDEN SEEBS, 



Fl..- foil SttUftctloB 






leosnrej as will enable the State t 



MRS. M. C. SIKEs. M. D 

Prinel^. M "' CM, wUl " k,1 ""' I '5E". '^' t u p^ !S en ' 11 ^ 
i FnmSSr cumtror *'■«■" ")d Ptcloc tUB «;, 



MRS. ANNIE xTavery" 
HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN, 

Bendonee, U49 P«,ifl D Btr«a (n .o doe,, f™ Sfoc" ! 

SAKT FHAMCI900 
^CT-t>p«Ul utaUoe paid in dl.o-e. of Komai , rf cbfl 



I -i::. .'■' 



Tbepeneh ' 



51 for this purpose 

^eKl/Soffbi 

n aid of thcPoeifii 
'tie Stale so that [ t 
u| e a Slot.; charge 



J "- ; "' Jjl " 'MLy^,.] f.-LT . '-"'^'liy 

lifty thousand mo™ '"it,? 11 ! M<i inlM ' Is planting 
Wines one br,.,..',, .'"" n " ! "'-n 'T,,. :tur-.J 



Lre-lj i 






IFl.lL.d 

stOftre, hut'in'tcniJs 



■-™. HispUco 
eity, and Is titua. 

Wffir* ■■ 



HTTha Itaicm Inautnt,, B,„ JaB^-Tt- E 
*JH3. ft. C HAMMOMD, Prtatjp, 



DANCING ACADEMY, 
PS "-"AS.Hl?llSJAtL, 

dr.n',Clu,El'|J.:i .Mr ;,„,'■; , / : , ''-' 

T™-W 00 pi, monlli. I. mirinai 



BUOMANT I0JKEEP. 0WMEs7 
"OW0ERE0 TOBACCO 

sunto tL co n 




uawb encT»7ho1jSworth" 

OPTIOIAKS ' 

Wo. ITT clay street, 



So. 03 CLAY GTItBET, 

SA3ST arRAM-axsoo. 

^- o. ^-rrsmu-, 

TIN AND SHEET-TnoN WARE, 

P»K!J! anil Japanned ly are _ 

JBY^AHS, BAKE-OVEHB, fte.. fteT^' 
f ready-made TIX-1VARE 



ALFALFA or Chile Cloyer Seed, PuHB . 

ilillet; OrehardGra,,; Ry B Sra *,.. 

Oaiden Sesdi. 
Ibb-Se, Tamlp, Cjm , t r 

ToaMKi, s^a, h , Pmjl , pi wi '• 
Buddins and Pruning kni™, Garden Tools, etc, 

E" C.u.lof«, ram-arffti „ D , wHcmJ(1d . 
A llocral durouc n^j,. ^'^ t^^ 01 "™ " 

W0 b0IB for JS^lVto' TRGES nn(l PLANTS ' 
'™.£r* srda! - b l M,u w E>PI«, »m acet 

J. P. SUF.E.VV & CO., 



ItP.llillNCj- 
17 Order* fix 



'"""fl'.l.rBnpBTHtndn,,, 



CALIFORNIA FARMER 



H ^iir/^™r,rIS* l "' 5 ' ern ' p, ™" rt ' 



(tne of the n 



koo-tajj,, 
14 «■«*.. Itcjlo oo», ntut^ 



i'.Si*"?^""?." 



OLD, SILTEB. »»j , IIBl 
Speotaolea 

"■„*• "" <"""' * °"~ . ..J u. „,.,'.,,„„ 
BRAZILIAN PEBBLES 

(-«". «lo.s«, tS"^,^'*"'"' 

HprBtBoes, Druwi ' 

.™™S, 0at f ES A ™ Vl'lVS™ to""' 
Po.k«t-to,'.""Bl,°t,T.'' "?"" *"""•• 



"^^"manutXc^FurTsTT 
TDBS, PAIiSVaNB GHDRNS. 

Kin. Bjuon, f„ „, , 

Von rae" i^"""^'''^™''"'' " l " 1 B ° l '""' " El 

r"u^L°H^^wSKJ 



NewTYori Seed ifcehousrT 

.To. U SAKSOMB STUKET 

SAN FRANCISCO. ' 

c " L " SJi^^® * CO., 
S' ro ?S?* "^*~ T« Seeds' 

TlUOTBVi 

EKQLISH Iti-E G1LASF; 

n.v,., .i°=^ d, =°°. ■ 



Pmta a,J Q, MI c« ssl ^, 

SAN FKANC/SCO. 



HOOP SKIRTS 

1 "tiels for Ladle.' and Children's on 

OLHULBS, 




Xl ifobniaT^A-J rm_e b . 




faJire' Itjartmrat. 

LIZZIE WILE* WARHETI. M. D ■— Bi """ 

„ c.mren HIDE TI1B1R 
OP WHERE OT n f£jp!jJ| 

n 1 ,bm Jo fairiciblde ' t,ir llci ' , ' , 



poisoning is an ulu 
npplj cloths wel in 
I tod, in order 10 cleo 
in from three dayi 



poisoning by the same caose 
"cloths wot in warm water in o 
surface," with 8*"? Kur,u l "" 1 
.hWal-VB^odtoftomtt 



caicd wilt Hi' 
■ to ckan9C thi 
eat plain dietj 



No kej-nole nil) bo fairy-proof 
Whin grwn If aitt come again. 

The Table; 



poison more 
other poison 



NUBSEBY BUSINESS. 

SAX JOSEHUBBEBY. 

FRUIT TH.3333S* 

Oraamcnlal Trees and Shrubs.jp 

15,000 ROSES. 

A line Assortment of Greenhouse Plants. 
GRAPE VINES1 

Bat fcrdpi ™Wi» ".a ,l "i, C f * l »S!S™'JlS l rSS e S 

r-oi-1 pkaf. ■ ,ir r_w u j'; 1 " " !il - '" r ', " S « l.reeil •«■ 

Tr S^ P F F M ■ : ■ ■ — ^ ir T^J, 

Fur Ihixouaii u( IKS ■■", trine oM'S*' ,l1 r 'J 1 ! 1 " "'S'"),™"' 



.1- ihc ulisori'lion of nny 



MY COLLECTION I 



j TOOK THE FIRST 



A Wife's Horolem. 

Thi burning of the stables of J- IS. Mono 
WestcfaNUf county, N. Y., ouo of the me 
tensive breeders of blood-stock in ibis co 



FilFMlUH AT TUB 5TAE FAIR HELD ATSAN JOSE. 

fwTrrnn jmrlnnl »/i'.'l«' ™""<>' r - / '% ''"> 

Jpriml-., /"««, /'(«*«, /''■"•■«■ -1'™"<*j 

wi/tMnfily. riwiwj and Clvnkng 

Shrub,. Th r bat auorlmmi <•/ 



„![;, A.; f! ,l., Mr. D,-:-,'.i-i,- ; rrJ L'n,) »:r.-T, I' ijl >jr.r, 



NfRSERY BUSINESS. 

HOI J E NURSERY, 



:d, a». -a. 33 -a. m s 

Would nipeelfoUy Inform bit former patrons iod th 

public 

no, HIM fir «b * Mfv »"'«< tf ' * 60 ""'' C °> 

A LARGE STOCK OF 

FETJIT TEEES! 

IN GBEAT VAHIETY A STJl'SBt'i B 

QUALITY, 

of Sort* and Exleelof Variety. 
3p GIVE ENTIRE SATISFACTION, 

He has also Enlarged his Nursery and In- 
creased his Stock, 



NURSERY BUSINESS. 
BLACKBERRY PLANTS, ETC. 

S n ,* Zl oSoo ;-f iwW B E H B T§A| 

~ i kind warranted genuine. 

Black oerry Plants. 



o br Aetna-, Sir, u=inui s i 



PEEHHTHI! PBEM1TJM!! PREMIUM 

French -Garden Vineyard ! 

SA N J OSE. . 

S ATTENTION OF GRAPE* 



CRAPE-VINES! 



tEuioa AT TUt STATE 

I AT SACKAHENTO; ALS 

FRANCISCO AMD SAN , 



VTTINGS AND ROOTED VINES, 

■l,^,,:,,..:,.^ ii Air vr j.'^,;;;;, 5 '-^ fv;" u™"J 

FRUIT T.R E E S I ! 

™ «•%«(/ ofAer Oma- 
O- A- 33. X) E KT , 



JPtrist Fremliun 

NUESEBIES 






ml Hlgh-ll 



Gooseberry Bushes. 



Strawherry Plants. 
Salmonheny Plants, two :■ 



t WILLIAMS, Nu.lt 
IK- prui,M«or, .'.re o^Dainlra * 





bieo 


ur.->- 


iea 


















thi 












































benitosodnro 




















tttln 












9-Gm 









GOLDEN -GATE 
3H" IT 3=1 S 33 H- "3T > 



HABDY EVERGREEN' SHRUBBERY, 

GREEN'-QOt'SE PLANTS, 

EVERGREBN CLIMBING VINES, 

ROSES, iD 2B0 vnrietie^, iuelnding fine standnnl', 

DAHLIAS, FUCHSIAS, CARNATIONS, 

und a eononil oijortmentuf 

Flowering PInnts foi- tile Garden, 



S£ SAN JOSE. 

B. S. FOX & CO. 

HALF MILE FROM 0JTY, TELEGRAPH MISSION 
BOAD, 

Fruit and Ornamental Trees, 

GBAPE-VIHEB, 

Flowering Shrubs, Gooseberries, Currants, 

RASPBERRIES, fy:. 



SHELL--IHO0ND NURSERIES 

AMI 

FRUIT GARDENS!! 

&- AT BROOKLYN, rf 

Sfjk (Formerly San Antonio) 9, 

A LAM ED A COUNTY," 
Directly oppoiiH; Sun Francisco, 
rrtlllfl WELL KNOWN K^TAULISHMKNT IS 1 

Fifty Thousand Fruit Trees!; 

SHADE AND ORNAMENTAL TEEES, 
VISES, SHRUBS, AND FLOWERS, 

Apple Trees, 1 to 3 years old, 
Pear Trees, Siutidard and Dwarf, 1 to J etc., 
Cherry Trees, do do l to 3 do,, 

Plum TreCH, 1 to 3 year= old. 

I Peach, Apricot, and Nectarine Trees ! ! 

fCALIFOBNI A. ^.fc , 
Foreign Grapes!^^ 

SoglUh G«utbaria, Laxtm and nv/b-Bath Black- 



Rare Hardy Plants, 

tNDIFLORA, 



rEPPKH-TBEKd-hiiiilj l-tcrgrrcD, 

RUODODKNDRON ARBOHEUH, 
riTTOSPOltUJlS-jMmliiuBi-iconnd Kbiw I 
ABAUCARIA tM BRIO ATA. 
ARAUCARJA BIDWIL1.I1, 
ARAIICARIA i:\''i;i - ', . 
EN G LI 311 LAUREL, 
LAUH1ER AUANIIlER-iD^II-orm 
METRO3I0ERO3— .orl«-or S 
CurolSi 
11E1IMUDA GRASS-ROOTS, 
For Bale tt the GOLBEN GATE NTTR3BBT, ( 
of Fourth and Folsom Btreou, dr 



Of Gcnolns and Snpcrior Plant). 

| CLIMBING PL4NTS, DAILLUS, StC. 

SOHSEBYMEN'S STOCKS, GRAFTS, 4c 
We dellre to offsr to our friend, and patroai a utock a 

\ TREES, PLANTS, 

'; T7-HNT3DS, SHRUBS 

NURSERY STOCK, 

| I THE PRF.SBNT SEASON, 

BBfflffl 



,NU FOOfcYEAIUOLI) BEAIUNO" TRKrA ''-■/: '-.'■■ 

At the Lowest Prices, for Cash. 

ALL FBRSOHd IVIIO WAHT 

BARGAINS IN '[BEES 
SHELL-MOUND NURSERIES. 

™X?.. y ."u t ° rU,0nl " 

Va 

TWELVE PREMIUMS WEI 



10 0,00 o 
FRU IT TREES ! 

SAN LORENZO NURSERY! 



r^r!,,-, .'l.-iru' -I rb.nu;,: Il;i IT TREES, Lbo 



The mod of which have boon grafted From bearing treer, 
and are noil adapted lo thb ollmate, ombrncinE tbo 

cnorcEST varieties! 

Auo-DWAEF FEAB OR AKOEES QTnKCT 

Feach, Nectarine, and Fig Tceei '. 

CALIFORNIA AND FOBEIOK I 

GV r a. 3p © - -*r i n. © s I JJJB& 

RASPBERRY, CURRANT, T$jfi* 

AND ROSE BUSHES. V* 

Bis trees ure trained with low lor*, are of tbrifir 
Growth, and 

BROWN ENTIRELY WtTIIuOT IRRIGATION. 
All of nbleh Kill be nld at greatly redoeed prie.ee 

Furebajjors are re»i«otrullx requested lo eall and ex- 
amine mr tree*, ax I desire to elf c eatlifaclloo, bol 



FIi-.h t Premium Tor the Best .Vurseri 
TnR SlIEI.I.-Ml.irMi SUrtSEItlES. 



i, [Todaolc 
mbrwlne 



ruiMIn 



wajrbo*prep l i"Jlo°™TT™ 1 .)UM?aSM ' tll^h "sT'w ' ""'""1 " " " 'a "' "''' '"" '"" C 0irlr u ^ r 
m, fully prorod to bo a valaablo kind. OuT' !«* H — ■ — , ^^ 



aud. WeorecSDEileolneciu 
Bqnal Any Nmscry fn Stock or Growth, 
Our efforts bolns to ihuw one frlendi 

Wcll-Orown Treex and Plants', 

We Inrile all parohaionor Trou, Plant*, it, Lo ealland 

I AQEST, ME. JAMES L. BTJBTIS, 

i 110 Wnihiagton meet, Ban Franolico, 

I Where m baro opioed a giora, tti.t our frlendi and 

EXAMINE OUR STOCK, 

Ai we imrpot. efferbis tbetn at 
I ONE-HALF LAST YEAR'S PRICES. 

I Troot and Slack paf hod wllb frealeare, tolajrareiafotj 
DELn'BltED AT ALVISO FBEE OP OHAROE. 
oold be adi 



the urchin said when 



iTutMtotu to portbaiera to ei 

I ni^T=aHB!S!K3SaS5! 

B. 8. FOX A cn. 



Saptimberg,!^, 




FIRST PREffllUM AGAIN 

BEING TBE 

SEVENTH TIME RECEIVED 

Against All Competitors. 

R. H. VANCE, 

Cpmer of Montgomery and Sacramento Ste., 

SAN FHANOI3CQ. 



"W M . H . MOORE, 

San Francisco Brass and Bt'll Foundcry 

NO, 68 1IALLECR STREET 



liftTumps. **fT - H iss- rr w»> *&,,*',' C' : 
Gaugo Cocks, Cylinder Cocks, Oil Globes, 
Bteum ■Whistles, Hydraulic Pipes and Nozries 

FOB SUNINQ FUBPOSES. 
»- COUPLING JOINTS of all tiio*. j un 1. 



I lay lo m 
k than 



iny 



a the 



Who Wants a Farm Cared For? 

A PBft£OHtuU> quails La ukDchlrccof. 1.-» o 
'■"■' :■" r Vl,,y. 1 ,l,,v,. !l .,r.-, ,!,- 'l,,,. 1,^ . = 7 ,^T . . I ■!■ "■ 

TaluiUs taorffreianijMtiS i '■ ' S "" 1 "' '"'" y 

-■ '-.■•■ ■ ■ ■ ■ '.:,';,,' ■. . .. 



ieh REDUCED TRICES, n 
form to the timet. 

Ilarino reduced mj prices more than 30 per cc 
oosueed hoteaftoi go to locoad-rale eitablbhmii 
aoeountof price. 

[rmnstloni eiven In the ail, and stock fornlihei 
Bailneoter (20,000 worth of Cameras, Glass, Platei 
Caeia, and OhemloaK en hand and cn the waj, I shal 

horoalter dl'Mio of Itlem nl ul'OUl Nub Vurl: F .ri 

1 10-3u> 



JAMES M. EDNEY, 

Gcnc-ral Fnrchailng and Commiuion Herchan 



Sole Prapdclor of the "AMERICAN POMP," rsDdH 

water In ail dej.lbi ondcr 100 leel, ar Hi-no. 
Drawing! and prioei »t ni fae. 

147 Chambers street, New York. 

CommuDlonforbnTlnF;aodrorwardin(,tlt[l-alid-a.bt' 1 



L 



T 



THE OALIFOENIA FARMER. 




X 



16 



THE O 



HlPOBNIA^FABMBE. 



rrem tBo Attaotl" SlUo.^ 



rU t.*.ii«k. ihi «« " ";' ; h 

the people h»ve forgo'leo. w ^ ; vb0 * ll1l 

the moal ridiculous in '1" "I" of ford e' n n " l j°' 
So pe eule ff» Yorker woiM do irdl to jf* » 

£» lb- mwk) ttoaptM- " " u,d " ot b ? P^'; 
or photographed, lionltoow uott b ung l 
be filed, boliloureoodold father Adams c 
add the whole lot to bis menagene, and possess 
curiosities he tould travel A'ertS ttnd •»»'* " 
make hli 'fortune, if he could only contii- 



NURSERY BUSINESS. Jut. 



FARM STOCK, &o. 



J*s1iX FINE STOCK^ 
SEED AND NOHSERT DEPOT, ^ forjale 

nV THE 8TEAS1EHS WHICH Si.ll 
lj York t..i lli= Mi of J«.u.ry, ISO, I 



bdj more notice 


-tnr 


Of." 


I do no 


think ttier n 


cod 


ii 


hop 


escnt li 






The great ote 
Ihe twriblo trig 

Bud three hand 


dy 

ed 


it Lnv.r,.T..:o 
s trere killed 


bj which some 
end beurcen live 
fl, mnnj- of then. 


fattllj. This it 













children 



turn 



ral, pointless, aimless, nftmbj pambj pakn 

the House probably to shoot any tali or mici 
iiiipln nibble around Ihe-ir desks. Bnl wbe 

UiEUL- [jiitfLi (:ill 1 1 [nin IbtflDorjvhj- Ihtj might 

IrighttD nil (]»■ r-ji.- v.itli fuiir It its .ir Itcq, anny. 
They lallt ;,d',j,. !;■. -i.Ei.1 l.Md.ln-im: lliu inh.'ii ol 
their remarks, and the or.k-r of lh..-ir juiirioliira, 
bpt they cannot get up n duel, for their landlords 
would be after them [or their bill: for bond, wash- 
ing and whisky punches. If bread and butto. 
depend upon Congress, th« new clerk of the lira- 
the* *=*.»* hi, Huden i.t b.jih Huusi-s, the Presi. 
deal, tbc mail steamship, the Drown raid, tbi 
Union and. Us dissolution, and deals out just the 
kind uf wrath lit chouse* North and South, ond 
erenifthc South should be wrcouhed from the 
Eparklinp; gcnis composing the diadem of our na- 

samc sua "lint ..bin. - m EL- .Vurlb and depend 
almost entlr.'h- -j',™ Hil- Kurih fur ilia nnlcr in fill 
up the Mississippi river Ihnt they lastly feel so 
proud of. 1 am sure it wonld bother them in pre- 

Tbat is Kit link binding the Union ior/ti!i..r, ili.it 
it will bo hard to break ; and ir it dues hint il will 
be sure to tun them more at the South, than those 
hi the North, ...;■! 'li'-u >.-. ■ ..■. rui-uther again. 

IVc hare late news. It is thought that there 

■ may be no European Congress ufter all— time trill 

show. Tbcy appear to lie rapidly drifiirjjr apon 



WO. 106 J STBEET, 
SACRAMENTO, 

HAS IS HIS SlTBSEBr, SUBJECT TO TDBjlg 
order of goad cash customers, 100 most o*ten- ^> 
ilTuaswrtmentof 

TREES, SIIRUBBEBKY, AND VINES, 



ie the ■ 



i of the. 



Ie or thee 

d 1 1, ,t 



there, and then fiml the f:.K- sudd.-'jilv 
the old prices. What folly California m, 

by Capt. Randall. The Slate would he 
with millions mure to day than it is, had 
EiiLtdbim in his noble work. 1 fear they" will 
Mill more sadly repint ''- - T - 



ii look oi 



I hi 






SCHREIBEE'S 

PULTJ DEPOT. 

rrilB DEMASD for this arllela af BEDDINO Is 
no il • """,'"* """HIM lta.[riu cvtif year. The 

FOR CHEAPNESS AND DURABILITY 



Hdu£ I am Blio.mliJngbrmri' 1 ^',':,!!,'.'';!,' ''".'. 
• CURLED HAIR, SED-LiCF 

COUX HUShS, .VAJn.'LS.^.-JI;, ;,,;,: 

■ l; ■ ' STO., £T0, 



Highly Important Hews ! 

DRY OOODS ! 

H. BACH MAN 

LABATT BROS., 



Rich Silks, Shawls, Dress Goods, Furs, &«., 



Black Bilks 1 .»ncli u El..lmj,,, ina Crown Silk, w 
Bhnvh) and Cloaks, Bilk Velvet Cloaks, 
Embroil! oriel I a™ «d rlrh icu. 

nOUSEKEEPlSO GOODS, 



•„ be found la tbo S!»lo,wnsM!nror oToiy Tirioty of 

Almond, Mulberry, 

Apple, Nectarine, 

Apricot, Pcnch, 

Blackberry, Pe". 

Cherry, P'i"Hj 

Yig, Strawberry, 

Gooseberry, Quince, 

Grape, Raspberry, 

leiida a pod stock of SHRUBBERY and BHA. 
CREE3, for beautifying homos. 

§ %. as fi a s 



SHADE TREES, 

10,000 Locust Trees, 
1,000 China Treea, 
Lombaidy Foplnr, 
Hountain Ash, 

Magnolia Acuniinata. 

Elm, Linden, 

Aah, Weeping Willow, 

Maple, Arbor Vitre, 

And other Kr.-r.-rec n..-;ill warnnlod. 

Xha Locusts »ro certainly not equaled, by any let Ir 
the State, tor beauty and ilu; lany ars from ttto It 
Ihiea yean old, straight and sell grown, varying fron- 
ton to twenty fnl in hlght^ 

SEEDS 1 SEEDS! 

Tbo ...; I..-. ■..., SEED D£TABTMBKT. eonte 

FDR THE ABDEN. FIELD, 70BE5T & HT/RBEBT, 

Either from the best seed-growers in the coanl 

raised under my awn snperriilaa. Much can is 

to hire Seeds free from milium, and ovory package of 

seeds sold Is, with prnper care, warranted to grow and 

produce what Is marked on (ho label. 

Hop Vines, Bhnbarb Root", Asparagus Plant), Grapo 

Cuttings, Dahlia Boots, 
And ercrything appertaining (a the Seed and Nursor 

CI I UF AS— articles deserving sncolo 



■ ri'Med on the most liberal It 



re for 



TllOBOUGU-BBED STOCK 

SHORT-HORN DURHAM CATTLE, 

! FHENCU MKItlHO, aoUTIIDOWB tod COTaWOLD 

SHEEP, , 

i'l'u/h'-MuVl" uI-KSTKlt .■!... --I'M I'l.l': 

a«mm'ji..m'iii;. 




Califo^a SUam Navigation Ooinpuny. 



CARRYINi\ OHITBD 3TATB3 MAIL. 



FI1A.VCKS PAL.lHilt. 



UsRDER i HBHHJLL, 



50 HIVES OF BEES, 

k oul.ror. Btcrrai. j M pATTERgoH 



FrenoU" 3M ©3Tl,n.o 

^BTJOKS.ff 

ryiHE undenlfrf b^i 



SHEEP RAISCItS, 

SALINAS PLAINS, AT LEESE'S RANCHO, 



PimasoB, Eiq., ot Wertneld, Cnaeti 



■„. FALKfil-llt. LliLLiiWi, 



FRENCH MERIN O SHEEP. 

.. ..s- FOR SAL E— The nndonigned has Ono 
SlWllIandred Burks ana EnOI, taurfra,Tls POBO- 
'■'■'■ ■ ' unlllT. !'(...:■(.■ i.i-.hinj; 



notified when 



v 11...-1, 



....J II,,.' 



San Fran 



HUNGARIAN CRAPE SLIPS. 

JOHN KOLBER'S recaad imnortat 
lli:.ii\RI.1.S- GRAPE SLIPS, 
■i-'ii,:: .I'.O.I.W boniy (hoots, ombrai 
seleoliea of 

Twenty-OnB of Hie Choicest Varieties 

Of table and wina grapo p, sail nblo faront-deor oulturo 
u, ..v.r.-,..-u;,rn,i Ibc lloiled Stale,, «ill bo rcccired la 
March a tit. 

Wo haio alw ordered. n>r rrr.'.iii ■. .li-!,il.„ii.,i, ,. M 
case of the stenos af the J1AK0AVALO .-ZILV.l, ,., 
Frco-Srooc Plnm. 

U,: r-z^ni.,. Calal'igues nill bo forwarded, by address- 
ing the undersigned. 



BUCKS FOR SALE. 



HOP HOOTS. 






CULTURE, 

i olden Hop Yard in ibo State 

Mi l'...|' i'aidutiimij-nroicllmlniloB'thi'-'l ■ ..il' 

Sacramoaw river 'ill,: liir:-. , .-^rir,,- ..no am, K0 „ 

I' 1 -> ■'- ■'"■ <"' !■'■■ ■'■ !■-" 1'irli, ■> »i,l,!i, s l„ M(! ,p 

lii;-li ir, iho biMintu will bo .uiiplieJ oo libiraltoriui 
Aduross J. R. HAY, 



TWINE, 
Dcalfcrj io 



liolsUtm' Kr telle., u 
Fiirniluro and [JtJJinK, imui 
too, are reipeetfully invited u 



^S^£S3Si^S^ dB ' IbnM *^' v - 



.CHOICE GROCERIES. 

Sew RiilHluH, Citron, 

CURRANTS, PIGS, PRUNES, Ac, 




"WANTED, 

!> ■■!. --V.." '".:'.' "':';;'. ["■ lll ' , ' , . :| l. WHO |r N r JF :jHT.Vri,.H 



SIACHt:il.EL, Tung^csj and Sour.tli 

OIIOICE BUTTER, io , io Kiu, 



Jclilc', Jnm*j, 

iBRVEB, PltESQ FilU 
BHOLISU BADGES, i 



Comet Teas, Old CoVni't Java, 
Co§ta Rica, and Rio CoOcc, 

For silo »t 



FOR SALE CHEAP, 

A RANCH AND GARDEN. 



tloo, bsvtog nil iin'di ol VcjcuUci, " * U " C ^ 

Threo Hundred Choice Fruit Trees, 



PS ThUu coodl C ' * CR ' Kiu, * M i oolholtanch 



WOOL, HIDES, and SKINS, 

I"iax-ojaass3ca. 

AT THE muiTEST MARKET KATES, 

LONING & PUERSTEIN, 

SO FHOWT aiREBT. 
Sfrfl* r^u^ ALSQ , ■'IB PARED to nudca 



HENRY KASTAN 

Wool, Hides, Skins, and Furs. 



SHEEP WANTED ON SHARES. 



BERKSHIRE AND ESSEX SWINE 



ATiLERICAN EWES WANTED. 

S HEEr. RAISERS nhuhavo a flno lot or «- 
AMERICAN E\V^f,.r»aln. eaa hnar ,.t *W3L 

nuuberof ibeop.aco, c,ndilijoar,d'' L , I ko. t ' r '"' *~ ° 



FULL-BLOOD MERINO BUCKS. 

jA. ll.K«, I... -lit- II .|,jili^l[., r I .;,. i. , J :..-.- ■;. | .., .,:.,!', I ,.,. 



nurchuln; spUmdld 

' ci u" b.7 , U| "," r i;,;'i""t',. .",-';; , ;,:'. ,i :, ,i M i"m,'"-'i\'i. !■'''"-'• 

k'li" lil.-.IIM.\"i'uUTli'.\.'',r„r i uf °c™*»u7™""°' 
Jood.UlO and u|u.i,„i. -,. |, a |,. ^ lmi ,[ IL . ,.. 



, Fall-blood merino 



BERKSHIRE AND SUFFOLK 
SWINE 1 

hhe/ana l U n»7 U ^-t 1 loTd fl Sa t (ol tt r R f '""^"^ *"*• 
oo nen slMBior" f bay wlllVTory mpo'rlor "I'onons 

l"l* B M th«'1. l 'il'l ? Wi !'.?" lk * M'I'UmH™ lu .1 ■ „u|„ -li. 



FINE HIVES OF BEES. 

a good pnnsnwT. 

A F .Ps F , IHE SWAUMSoFbeKS just ree.l,ad from 

A - ■"■ i 'I i ■ ,,.,,. .,r,..-t ,,..!.. vvt.i 

HARBISON'S NEtV-iTIVES can bo seen al the tan» 



L. HASKELL, 



HIDES, WOOL, 5S 

SKINS jft.M-13 E-TJKsT^ 



raiEHD & TBBRY, oor.SJ ■ndltiiiwi, a. 
R EMEJIUON, Lm Anadcs, 



P AINT8II 
§£ OILS! B 
WINDOW GLASS! 

efco., cfoo., tSso. 

THE MOST EXTENSIVE STOOK 

IN THIS STATE! 

For Sale at Lowest Rates, by 
D. J. OLIVER, 

OLIVER & BUCKLEY, 
86and88 WASHINGTON STREET, 

§7 nnd SO Oregon Sired, 
BA.TST FHANCISCO. 133m 



POLAR OIL. 

30.000 GALLONS 
REFINED POLAR OIL, 

In Banels and Cnsos, 

FOR SALE AT LOWER PRICES 

Than oior before offered in Cnllfomlo. 

Purohoapre of Oils noulJ dn noil to visit onr 

LARD OIL, 

1.. .,l.i. I-1..T.- I v :.',.".rly n^oeol rasea. 

W„it=uii..-1 1" bom -. ]-.:u;. dry -.viicjut IrimminB. 
CAMPHSItE, 

DijUllcJ fnah Drory dnT. 
ALQOBOL. 

"rluio, "* *" ccat - 

-■ superior quality. 

STANFORD BROTHERS, 
Paoifio Oil asd Casu-iiene H'obks, 



AUCTION SALE 

JOHN C, BELL'S, 
CARPETS, 

OIL CLOTHS, 
WINDOW SHAJDES, ETC. 

I SHALL COHTI'. 
|irp«., Oil CtotJu, l> 



COSTINUK ■ 
Upb.il»lcry OiiuJi, it 

rtiitTluH, '('„ iu.Ya~rooni"ror" 



of Booas U.co roimlalo^ 



CARPJjVI-S^il .!,!., r.rcu,:.,,,., .' „„ , „....:, V. .', V I •,.--.: ,.■ 

B C«Knd "tsaaJm'm "' ^". f ^'"'^" K '" "^ " 
rai.de.,^,'Su n j U o ? ao''fi f r jiunclro^"'''""' C " > ""' ^^ 

Car,,,,, flolb, Hl.,,1., .„„| H,.!, ,1-1, rv'v,'','.'.,' ■,'■'''!■'■■. r 
fllock, Hoi IBM „o.l 1=1 i;:,j. ,„.„,- ,,„ K ,-.r. v : 



MAIN & WINCHESTER, 

MAWTJFACTTJRBES 
to nnd Importer, ol i &A 

' HARNESS,^ 

S addles, Bridles, 

WHIPS, COLLARS, 
SADDLE-WARE, &C. 1 

No. 82 Battery street, 

Betffcan Loon Wharf and Saeraiaento sir 

BAJf FRANCISOO. 

H. B,— Ropoirioii promnlly alloaded lo.-Oood assoj 

moill CONt5t>RI) STAUL 1IAHM-:>S!-;s, sl'ill- 

-" — -- . ■ '^'il^ ..r 1 1,,, i... ".. -3c,tanllJ° 

Janl- 



STOCKS, and LASHES, »I the bDilqualllx.eoosI 



C O A_L. 

A HTintaclTE. WESTIIain l.i.v, i.ivebi -m;[.. v.ir*- 

qontuellv trn band aai] I \it mlc bv _ 

1 O.IL BA5TITAH, 
Oftgou street, bai.. :, ll-.n-i ">» l >';;"'■ . 
t> OiipOllU. ClUtnUl RMS* 




VOLUME XIII. 



SAN FHANCISCO, CALIFORNIA: FBIJDAY MORNINO, FEBRUARY 32. I860. 



NUMBER 3. 



\t ©ali&tnm farmer. 



' BfiEFVL SCIENCE 



ODLOHSL 



PUBLISHED KVERT FRED AT HORNfHO. 
T«uii.-lljH 1 ll 1 f 1 >rr 1 n C j^ I ,H;fcr»b.racmbm»J Po 
To dry ralwcriocrB, eeHm*l bj caitler, 1S44 oca** a number 
iy Adrerttiimintt sod Bab icrlpUons moil be pall 



CALIFORNIA NOTES. 
the nnnAHOLOaY or california. 

Cosvsnsisa with aa old Indian of tbc Mission of 
Carmelo a short time ago, he gave as tbcrollowiog 

This information agree; with that of others of the 
mosl aged Indiana nod several old onlivt Califur- 
nians brought up id tills county, to whom 1 hare 
inquired on ths subject. 

The Eslcncs, Sukbonts, Chnlones, Kailcndarukos, 
(he Poytoquis, the Mutfunes, the Tbamirns, and 
many other c Inns and affilecs. nil spi'akiui: .i L tTi - 
tent dialects of the Itunscoes language of Monte- 
rey, roamed through the valleya and mountains 
of the Carmtlo, Salinas, Pujnro, Sun Juan, Gilroy, 
Santa Cruz, Santa Clara and up to San Francisco, 
■which nere nil pretty thickly populated. The In- 
dians inhabiting this stretch of country, of some 
1T0 miles long by 80 miles breadth, were enabled 

though tho dialects were infinitesimal and pnt- 
zliog, their rocnl cornrnuuications were intelligible 
enough when brought together in tho different 
SHasions. Those orSin Miguel ond San Antonio 
spoke another language from those further 
□r Sooth, but it is not known how far El 
langnagc extends. Tbc Indians are still i 






on the lakes and rivers from 
■o tbo Tejou Toss nnd In the i 



the by offers one of the most Interesting fields of 


beted ao 


Inquiry in the Philology and Ethnology of Drab 




and California. They had a kind of worsbipufthc 




Sun and Moon, and entertained a faint belief in a 


our rery 


God who lired among the slats. 


very little 


From the records of the old padres, it appears 




that the Indinn name of tbesito of San LuisOblepo 


people at 


Mission was, Tiiiliai ; of that of San Diego, Ky- 




pagudy ; of San Luis Key, Icaymc; of Son Juan 


sqnnre m 


Capistmno, Querns Sarlt; of San Gabriel, Tobis- 






a species 


bones; of San Carlos Carmelo, Bslenes; of tho 




town of Stockton, Vachicumoes or Ynchchnranes. 


of the Di 



populated m 


cberln 


in the vicinity of 


The old 


nuiun 


bora mentioned L 


years old, n 


d was 


aptlled when a. chil 




, at l- 3 




ans who can 


efrom 


heSanlaCrtracoun 



may bare been s 




to the old man by the 




n the so 


called ruins of Santa 


Cta*, but soch as 




offered to the believers 


in the "Casus Gra 


udes" qu 


estion of our neighbors 


Probably some In 


jlilion a. 


suraing a different form 


might by diligenc 


be » 


rocted Iron the oldes' 


remaining Indian 


, which 


n-ould throw light on 



[Air< 



c this 



is on the Lypotliesls of s t tri™ of 
Of ftifcrnalti- Sonic of Ibe Milan 
hollow, others solid, and contain 
1 us CO US animals.] 

The entire Indian pDpulatioi 
Lower and Upper; of tbo Wei 
Utah Territory aod Sew IfrJJeo, 
i of Oregon (oicluslvo or 



esteemed too inborit 



r or great faeil 
asted grasshu 



They all live 
10 wo by lb:n 



say of subjection by n> 



Iras 


preserve 


1 in engravings in t 




3 Of 


rtnnn 




rs, hlsloriuno, cbtoi 


clcrs, 




ests, 


describi 


g- the coontry include 


with! 


the 



laving subjected 


ny of 


the 


info 


domestication (el 


ept as 


bo 


Ind 


n parts of Calirorn 






line 




jverth 


m 


elves 


and skins of foics 


deer 


nil 


tab' 


wigwams mud', i.i Lru-li 


on 


11 au 



ing along the sea-shore, • 



gnnlly large breed. \\ 
pleasant they marc off 
old lodges. In the 



Lalf-ci 



cs), appeal 






lient, lutcuso pol 
impossible of cons 



of California, 
era division or 
id of the lanst- 

ibcir habits of 
j em bored fr»g- 
tioo, erased by 



f Asia. The fallowing general 

laring trees— on grasshoppers, 
d cimilnr animals— at Intervals 
on shell-fish., whales, and seals 
ni, or anything got from the 



ibes Inhubiiing Callfon 
I of the Spaoinrds. Soi 
make rough earthen- 
its with tba fubi 
is shapes to bold 



They maki 
ter, boll In 



reserve acorns nnd grains, hul 
as is known, ever knew thu mo of metals 
Their arm s ore clubs, spears of hnrd wood, ani 
he bow nnd arrow. The bow nod arrow la car- 
icd in tbo skin of a coyote, fox, or wolf, nnd Bus- 
tended from tho shoulder. The bow It rondo o 
liflernnt kinds of wood, which is covered on tbi 
mck willi brook pieces of deer or elk llgamcnu 

;iro it a wonderful elasticity or propulsion. Thi 
trows arc mostly made of reeds, feathered at Lhi 
inudle, nnd generally tipped with obsedion, flint 
ulured quartz, or even broken glass, nnd set intt 



Tbcy adorn tbclrhei 

cd quail, the tnll-iealbl 
breast-joint feathers r. 
or black-bird, the ne 
led woodpecker, nud tl 



Kith 11 



cithers of 



if the rnallnrd duck, 
it> rcd-wloged fllar- 
icnthcrj of the rcd- 
i! many oth or birds. 

r.mnduoflbeleftvti 
er, and other iklni, 

lo< the 



■i r..i',i. 



ieiulty ii 



nedi. 



nlely of white people, thay dross ic 



proje. 



rably. The 



o lor 



wide 



tho tcolb full, rcgu- 
ivory; very llltlo heard and 
lostly on thu upper lip ; the cars spreading; tbc 
yes are small, and slightly canted rut it were, up 
ownrds the corners, nnd sleepy and Ineipressive 
f thought j the iris is very broad, nnd of a light 
hocolnto color, finely speckled with inioll brown- 

stbor that of stupidity nnd lie 1. lines;, Ihnn of fe- 
:Ity orsnvngenoss. Tho nbole^ucial descripliun 



...Id, ■ 



i "J"!* °E° f fo: 



boy, a 



tish Navy, and published i 



Moo, 1SS5, oro excellent r 
general features of the Indi 
Slate from Iho northern fron 
tho Colorado. Tho Ynmas 



nesticotcd by the 
b great facility, 
iorne of the tribes w 
:ltc SanU Barbara i 



, oat old (ante 1635) 



morn intelligent 
:her parts of Call 



•'nit u N K.ir^ts nrc to he fo 
1 somo onlorpri ; .ii:j; imlii i. 



the Ainu, 
Thns il 

tiling j of 



foreign 7 
and, Urn 



every collage door in the 



attenrloncc of any perso 
possibility of fault, or 
bushel measured by it;r 



n of grain, h 
as plainly m 



nnll lots In Alameda, 
md also Inrgo lotslnl 
is, and soon Californ 



lUiptl, 



Snnr *na Dous — Cimo Duua — The stnti 
!'■■■■■ for tbo Stato or Oblo, tolurn 80,130 i 

having boon killed by dngsdnrlng tho ye; 
loss of S103,8B1, and 36.441 no baring I 

jurcd to the amount of Sal.OGl. Aggreg 



The 






Tho CnniBlia Taponlon n Hnrdy Plant 
This gorgeous blooming evergreen, that 
many pcoplu nurse so Very tenderly, and ki 
housed with so much care, fearing that "tbc wii 
of heaven may visit it too roughly," Is a perfectly 
hnrdy plnnt in all tbfa section of onr Slate. Wo 
publish this fact nflcr having seen the many suc- 
cessful experiments which have been tried with it. 
The Cnmolins at Smith's gardens, Sacramento, 

Sir. Smith has quite a large collection In Ibe open 
borders, nnd they bloom well. Wc'bavo also Been 
them In various parts of this section of oar State, 

They should bo planted, liow- 



n the 



d they will do I 



irlhe edge of ! 



tifplanto 
argn shrub, 1 



c full 



the fairer) u-nife in bloom, they being so perfect nod 
so delicate that thn sun and rains and dust would 
injure them ; these dn mure injury than anything 
else. Care should ho taken not to barn them muct 

plants will be as bright gems in yoor garden par- 
tcrre. The Camelln, the Magnolia, tho Jlbododen. 
dron, nnd the Azalea, will form a galaxy of ran 
beauties that will gladden the eye and tnste of lhi 



of floral t 



islly and succt : ji'ulli pim 



md Bonn-Duat. 



.1 of tbo same. It 



us. Bone-dust from the Sugar Re 
bad n? samples far trial from Messrs. 
free of charge. We wish this notice 



Fawlcna' Sr.Bam.Flow. 
Tills great invention— this great mover of "tern 
irma" — this over-tiirnir'of the surface of tbi 



citizens who originally lived ueroaud used tb 
fashioned Jloiican log plow, might bo a till 
loalshcd to see a plow aloamlng it along a 
rntc nf four or five miles an hour, Bud throwing 
tbc sod nnd carlh up like a ware of tho sea. 
shall see what wo ihaU sec. 



'■Fennidt 
t would "not pay" to grow apples ii 
nvited to call at Hall, Knapp & Co': 
iouso and seo [be splendid " Yellur. 
lins," just received. Tbcy nro scllini 
lur«j*jr.jrM doltart a ban-sl. Wont 1 
pa everybody all np In 



tnd plant appli-i 
I in such nband 



<«. We 

n> to the 
) himself, 



nccs 


—In 


planting, set th 


young tie 


of the r 


ois and stem sb 


11 bo ruth 






bo ground lorol 


The pcac 


o the 


pea 






i' i Ik 


old 


sues. That an c 


^"rendere 












,,, 
















in New Jersey; thai 




tr,( 
















olrt 


stu 


n great ago. 





DEnn TASSiist— Il Is but recently, says the Maine 
Karmvr, that we were .mnde acquaintud with the 
value of Swilet Fern fur tanning purposes. It hat 
proved to bo hotter than oak or hemlock berk, nnd 
boots ond shoes from leather tanned with fern, arc 
rapidly coming into uso In Mnine, where the fern 
abounds. Anuthor herb has been discovered In 
the "dog fount 



of disr 



ui-ll, 



abundantly who 

found to abound In runnin, nnd soils for 
The leather tanned with It looks woll, 
peeled to wear well. 

Tuner towns in Massachusetts, ralsci 
ent ycor, 1,0S6 barrels of cranberries, 
$23,1100. 



real vnlueof 
Among thi 



ias Carrots. 

urged upon farmers thn valno 
re hope the; will awake to the 



This line 



only indue 



ngreab 



milk, but much rloher. 

clal for the cow, giving her a fine glossy nppnnr- 

mornl health. 

For Aorssi, there can bo nothing belter ; and 
1 who want to seo their horses improve nnd look 
oil, as also to giro thorn rigor of muscle and a 
rely and cheerfal action, let them hare carrots, 

least a peck three times a week. 

CorruW will pay. tho fnrmer well. Taeaty to 
IMrtg luns can be raised to tbo acre. And tbo 



Tho land for this cropsbouldbo wcUandl 
ly plowed and mndo fine, and planted ii 
a seed-sower. Wo earnestly call the all 
onr farmers to this crop. Wo lately 
soma very fine samples grown on the fart; 
lard BmmIi, Esq., at Half-moou Bay, 
cloven to ten pounds each, while many wei 



s Ihcr 



it fcahr. 



i i hi ',. 



many 



of the sting— any more than roses can always ho 
gathered without the risk of feeling tbc Horn— wo 
offer an antidote for the stiog of tbo bee. We do 
nol say It is complete, vet it niTr.r.l- prat relief and 
prevents Ihe suffering U3U:illy nit.jndnnt upon tho 

onion handy {quito a different thing from honey), 
and when stung, immediately draw out the sting 
left in the flesh and rub the wound with a piece of 
the oaion bruised. This will allay tbc smart and 
prevent suffering in most cases. Hard smokera 



roast 


ile t 


sue 


h, by reus 


n of th 


e offence 


receiv 


fror, 


Ibe 


r breath. 








Gum 


v iK o 


a— .Many 


aponrar 


d honest 


er wh 


can 


o to 


tliij country to 1 


cttor his 




nd 


Iter 


uhoring 


a good 


nith day 


n,,h, 


to 


mid 


np a bo 


me, find 


himself 








a of th 




n B falu 


J SCI 1 


pby 


rote 


dots who 


eartless 


nd soul- 


tretch I heir 


claims over I 


ho fair o 


ad quiet 



AoREBintE CtiiriTE.— Tho Karthcrn Califor- 
of the 8th Instant says : "We lately snvr 
ordinary Cnstlliaa Hose-bushes that without 



,r f eaturu of 



Bcaxnnc Aheuicas aso Pi,,-,, 


-non. Judge 


lluson, of lown, who mudo himself so 


popalar with 


tho inventors of tho country wlillo 


bo held the 


office of Commissioner of Patents, 1 


as, wo learn, 


nssoclalcd himself with Mann & Co., 


at the Salen- 


Hue American office, New York. 




Wo rcjolco to seo this distinguish 


d genltcman 




eatly nil and 


with honor to himself and others. 





in nil illy B50,000 



Tot Iuom Israrresi. — froi 
iccrlnlnod that tboro aro nearly 1J00 iron rfork* 
. tho Unloa, Ibot tbese produc 

tar, is fifty millions of dollar 
died Iron mndo in the United Slates is about 
BOO,000 tuns pet annum. Of this nhout 30f),0CO 

is mndo cast, anil 200,000 west, of tbo Allo- 

I mountains. 

Man. Toroaturnv Aim Knorjuca of Cali- 
*.— Tbo Report upon the Epidemics of our 
State, published by Thumns M. Logan, Esq., M. D., 
ery neat Pnmpblol of about GO pages, with 
Maps and Statistical Tobies, Is o work which pre- 
enls many very Interesting nnd startling facts. 
Vetlinnk tho Author Tor the copy Bent us; wo 
bnll usu il more pnrtloularly hereafter. It should 

LoHmn Tnina or Puuet Sound. — During tho 
enr I860, there was shipped from tho mills of 
tcssrs. Talbot & Co. at Teekalut, over fifteen mlll- 
3D feotof rough and dressed lumber, besides Inrgo 
uaalltles of laths, piekots, sliinglcs, piles, Inrgo 
insts nnd spars : nad from the Port Ludlow milU 
.,. ) ,,v ? ri million feet. Fifty-six rossels wero 
mployud In transporting tho lumber. 



18 



~THE CALIFOBNIA FARMER. 



Older upon in* wuin. 

men of the mercantile class. The shorn belDg 
uat, the role U equally applicable io lie faming 






(tVlllill; 



n byo: 



its proper plnci 
are io condition lo prevent the c> 
tnnco of his own or olher people's initio without 
bis eoosoDL Ererv one who neglects this neglects 
bis own pence or mind, « well us subjects himscir 
to losses thnl moil be repaired bj means that could 
bare been otbersiso profitably employed. 

I have kuoirn tho cultivators of the foil to suc- 
ceed well in maturing crops, bat bj neglecting lo 
keep Heir fences in order, lose the most vnlniblo 
part of tbelr labor. But I am glad to state that 
such cases are not frequent io these limes. In the 



failing Cattle. 

At o recent meeting of tbe "Harvest Club," nt 
Springfield, Mass., tbis subjcot was presented tor 
Ji.ni.-sJun. From the report of the Springfield 
Republican, we osinu-1 -he lolloping : Soiling, or 

i ,.-lly li'Vul Imidj, lo lie J r.illlo with grtui f-"jd 
through lli.> summer in flails. In this way thcy 
,-:„! I,., I". .1 in.,:,- r. .j .il ■ rl . . ! In tii. m in-.; I- ruH.-'-l.'l 
and s:,ved, and Ihey will givemoro milk, OlCCpt 
for ohout two weeks after the twentieth of Hoy, 



and a half rods of clot 



e, tbn I 






■■ unit 



that are used in the farm-work to be scattered in- 
discriminately over his holds, as much time is lost 
in getting them to their places, and as "limn is 
money," it sbonld he economised as moch as pos- 
sible, tic should he careful lo have his harness 

ness-boosc, Ihen but a few minutes are required to 
prepare for his day's plowing and hauling. His 
implements of every description sbonld bo kept 
near bis dwelling, that oo time he Inst In repairing 
those things that ore oot of order. JIany persons 
■will say Ihnt they cannot End time to do all these 
things. I know jou can, because whencrer yon 
see a rail missing from yonr fence, go and put it 
back immediately, for Ihen is the right lime. In 
cast your rail shnnld be destroyed, appropriate the 
first idle one you com o to. If you have no idle 
Ones, lose no time in procuring some, for if yon do 
aot, nine chances in ten yon lose morn by neglect 
than if you stop (be plow long enough to make 
them. Whenever you are done using a plow, hoe, 
rake, hiy-fork, thrasher, reaper, or BDytbing else, 
immediately to the barn ; 



variable rale, 



II your 



person sent for it will know 
wonld hare every fan 



tjtMrig 



Tin 






things- Tbo rslay 

times he might pnt 
cellcnt working on 
on til fair >» father, 
fore another ralay 
all Tair wraiber lo 
pajfcj in npoiiiu. 1 

and health will i 
— [Tenuessrc Parrr. 



' making and re 



Beat Time tc Cm Timber for Fenolng. 
Lira Anlomn is the best time for felling limber 
for almost any purpose, and it is particularly so 
when the limber is tn he worked op into rails, or 
slakes, or posts for fencing. At that season of the 
year the wood has arrived at its complete maturity 
and there is less sap and albnmen in timber than 
there is at any other season of the year, which al- 
bumen, when exposed to the influence of the 
weather, hastens the decay of limber. If timber 
be tut and split out in the Utter part of Anlomn, 
the seasoning process is much more gradual and 
perfect because the grain nf the limber contracts 
more equally nod uniformly, rendering the timber 
firmer and less porous, ond less cracked and 
checked, than when It Is cnt at any olhrr season 
of the year. Besides this, timber that Is cut In 



Spring, w 
worms working In 



and slakes of the 
be cut at a differs 
years, according I 






nay be, « 



injur. 



a felled 



ii ilii 



1 out-last other 

son of the year, by si 
time It may be cnt. 






,n llii, i 



: to a limited 

ng stock. Lands worth only ten dollar 

!c nro surprised that stock-raisers who are 
iplaining in many parts of oar State of 

cattle dying fnr 

such losses. Would it not bo much belter to soi 
r cattle In the dry season, and save bay forth 
ter season. This system has so often prove, 
snlageous in other Stales, wo wonder iha 
k-raiBcrs should nuy lunger delay it here. 



submit t 



writer in the Oregon Farmer, in reply to an 

ry bs to the best grass, and the best timo to 

t,says: 1 have tried tne "little blncgrass," 

the "big bluegron," and find each good for 

winter and summer- But it yon want 5000" 

grass, put your land in goad order, and then you 

will hnveffflod. If you raise wheat and oats on 

your land till it will rnieo neither, and then pat it 

in grass, you need not expect to obtain a crop. 

Plow jour ground and put it in good order, nod 

you cannot fall. 

I will give you my eiporienee, and if yon profit 
by it yon are welcome lo the information. la Iho 
spring I plnw my ground, and during the summer 
plow it again ; and in the fall, when Ibe first rain 
comes on, I sow my seed and hare good grass the 
next year. Like every other crop, when I want a 
good one I give il a chance lo grow by putting the 
ground in good order. If you want your pasture 
set in grass, and do not wish to plow it, you can 
do so by sowing the little bluegrosa. It will set 
in two years if yon will keep the stock off till the 
seeds eet ripe. If yonr land, has fern un it, plow 



ill ]:> ti 



pastorc, the lurgt liluepraii dots bust 
r.sy oolj , timothy is far preferable. 

a a fair trial, and you will prove the mi 



II U,L- 



To Make Good Cider. 

A correspond!: nt 01'il.e Kiutudiv Farmer, writing 
ver the signature of "An Old Cider iiaker," says: 

Seloel clean found apples, so much a.- po---il.li' 
f om- kind, and keep tbttn until October or So- 
ember. Have Eii hogsheads made will, oik t-ml 

ilatform.so Hint Ibe ci.l.-r aiikh «ill run from 
hem will run into the barrel. Cut in a hogshead 






l:< in 



fclea 



the sides of ibe hogshead. Fill 
new mnde cider, and allow il 
n Ypiggai bole onelncb above 



the hogshead n 
to filter slowly 
the crows of ll 
through s lung pointed llnnpel hag, hung so as lo 
drop the cider into the bong hole of 11 clean barrel, 
which has been well fumigated with sulphur tut,,..--: 
lion,,- II]., loll bnrn]-= tlu-c, nod put it laa cool 
fihi-.-c, "rid this ddi-r will r.rnain sweet and eood 
Il will bo pleasant, wholesome, and nutritious, and 



of the most successful eipt 

famish the most indubitable testimony to substaul 

tisto the faeu 

The treatment which Umber receives, immedi- 
ately after 11 is felled, affects Its durability, ond 
also In firmness and tenacity to a much greater 



degree than 


many are w 


nt to suppose. For this 














allow this 


> us Idc ratio 




all. Iftim 


her, which Is 
c felled lo 1 


intended for rails, stakes, 


half thai k 


the log fn 
nglb of time 


III m eight month), or 


according 


UlilV Will 

.1 ll/o fcirjj 


.rCerfaK^i 



placed In Q finorohle situation for seasoning 

™i L s™, b ;™ 'f - " » b ' d "" '—' 



PtUUtBEVIKO GaiW.—Thl 

pretorvinggraln for many yutrs 
Jngllfromwcavll, mildew we 
in. letter Iram M. do Semcbo,,, 
bolder, who addressed 11 to the A 



followiog method or 
ipletelyshelti 
:., Is furnished 



Parb an"™™!, 1 " lb ° Acad T *f Scieo- 
of that body. This b the method adV— m " Une 
""tog gralajn Bniiia, which wo ear 




ClLlrons 


a Heobi 


0.— The Humbolt Times, 


ho +lh, say 


s: We 


oliced a am 




be Citr tvl 


arfyosle 






of frash her 


ing in i 


They wcr 


caught In a we 






irtbo Day, 






tes of 11 




otoustbnlwh 


A gentlema 


i.n'11,,:. 


place, by w 








mng about 


month ago 


We ha 














If.vbat 










isco, no d 






.«,- „,iv. ly , 


1 Ibis Bay, n 












huodrcd bnrtcla cou 




■n one seas 


n. 







;cse — The Oregon Farmer slates that 
Hnthcway has made siacc August 101b, I8E 

rnmcnr Lake River, W. T., 3000 puunds of 



hao 


the 


wild grass ta 


n.v on 


hinka I 






cd 


nd 


abor employ 


d in it! 




th 


I the farmers 


of Iho f 




■ogt 


n nudWashl 














wi, by the m 






nil 




price an 



a ready sale, 

iHimorim Peson Theeb.— A correspondent 01 
the Ohio Farmer gives the following ns BB lta . 
proved plan for growiog peach trees, from 
rtated: '■E'rocuro your trees grafted a ; 
f the pli 
: — ".ytho 



Hi" |,i 

fruft, nnil i, 

.,| ii, r I, 

d,.[,-nl 






.i-rl.iir, ; 



entire against the v 

ailo the natural lifetim 

■f'tJmo 1 ' wiib™ B *h ! JE '"' , ""'? fUf " '""i 
ig influences Blteuding the growth of tin 



On, Fob M 1 , lll!i „._ A ^m BIpcrim( , nt , 



irincipal railroads, 
■wingngren 



g 27 gallons, costing 51.31. 



Ban Joaquin Aploulturnl Booloty. 

Ai an adjourned meeting of tbn citizens of Si 
Joaquin county held the *th lost., at the City lta 
for the further eonsldoratioa of orgoolilog a Di 
trice. Agricultural Society, Ibe teport oud iccoi, 

en. hi 1 ion 5 of a Cnmmitle chosen nt a form 



of land under e 

milltoo :ind u halt 01 oosne 
100,000 bead of domestic 



-.j in Si,.J;to(i. Vourcon 
ie thnl SnnJooquin count 
urces, ond pnriirolnrly ■ 
c 1 . . r ■ - from Lilt! 80,000 act. 



■r Asirie. 



[e.ui.l-.l.-l I': 






on the P 



lestly 

the following counli^. viz. :— Cnliivcrns, Tuolumne 
Stanislaus, Mariposa, Merced, Tulnrc and Contrn 

The following farm or ti charier is rr.-omnoniliii: 
The people of the Stale of California, represented 
In Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows : 
Sectios 1. There is hereby established an in- 
corporated society, to he known and designated 
by the. Dime ot the Sin Joaquin Valley Agri'/ul- 
tijr.il Sotk-ly, and by Ihnt name and style, shnl 
hnvo perpetual succession, nnd shall hi 



irily I 



„::>..■, .-rd..,; 



rules and rcgu Inline 
nood government ( 
.nd efficient m 



indb 
establish, ant 

•r>.-\ry for ill. 



■fnW, tl 



,i.l !o« 






ihall not bo contrary 

this charter, nor the Inws and C01 

Stale, or of the United Slates. 

The following Constitution is rccommonde 

Abtkjh I. This association shall bo k 

and designated by the name and style of 

Abiicle 2. The objects of this Society n 
fostering, encouraging and aiding in devel 
Agriculture, Horticulture, Domestic Msnnfnc 
Mechanics, and Household Economy, and G. 
Domestic Industry, Stock Raising, Improvi 
of Domestic Animals, Trial of Speed of H 
and for the dissemination of useful informal! 



a of lin. 






,e 3. The office 



Rccordiog Seer. 

tary. The said omccrs sonu constuuie 
SinnBgora, for Ibe gavernroeiilof ibis Si 
jeet to such regulations end by-laws 



if tbis Society shi 
dents Trom each county 
; one Treasurer 
Corresp on dlng'S 






in. 1,. 



-Taking 



Tea asd Come 
habits of our people, says a 
"Journal of Henlth," ten an 
and breakfast, add lo human 
should be added, however, 

alloyed good is expected lo 
never increased In strength, I 



equencyorqunntity 



:. , ,l x " l: \ '" ** l[, » r '" "It. nod polarises II 
that th,- iiolnriHd ojvhoo in H„ : salnlirifjlng oiono 
-tijat it,,. „,on.- .;o iorm.,.1, destroys all discolor- 



eomhiuatian of carbon with m ,g 
cilfromtuwIiCTlunil In tii.ni to 1 
e very great filtering power. 



y most of the modes 

a COUscqi 



i. ■! v.-i 
for et 

illi.-.iH.v i. 



pri-u- nted 1111.1 ih. h. < '-,,, " '""""'illy H 

^mm™'^ i. r " k :z im ^ Bm ™ ,n s 

ofl.j-invi, .„,,.„.- „„;;„ "■ "'."■' ^"'Htv.-., ,,„,,,„), 



in salt till |[ ,,in ",i„ lt ,, 



[CnlllvBtor. 
CoBs-Ctse.. 



The Two. 

Usnon lbs above caption, the 8nn Andre: 
pCBdent of tbo 11th, gets off the following : 



:e good puffs 1 



rd fortified by at least 

ho mennlv stole onr 

u graphic 

1 (gently and flgi 
or the fromcihenn tuefl. Alas, for tl 
.. inn- of all human calculation 
ias been thrown off be the Hoosi 



PEEHmMl! PEEmUHM PBEMUJAtn 

Frencti - Garden Vineyard! 
SA N j ose. ^ 

THE ATTENTION Of GIIAPE^P 

CRAPE-VINES!! 

FIlbST PBEHIDH AT THE STATE A GUI CULTURAL 

FAIR AT SACRAMENTO; ALSO AT BAN 

FHAHCI3C0 AND EAK JOSE. 

Beit Varlellis of Ealing and Wlne-Mating Onp.. : 

CUTTINGS AND ROOTED FINES, 

Which I will id) it HALF OF THE PRICE at which I bare 

...I.I ..,.-,■. I -.■.;.-.-,, ^.li.i.lyllr.-.-rljI.iTnr.oMOmyAgCnllo 

FRUIT TREES!! 

Lombard-/ and Silver I'oytar, Elim, and' other Orna- 
' Tr«s, all al greatly ridtiud prita. 

i- A. K X) B INT , 






The facl is, 
e Cretan 



iver would get through safety must 



The 

house offsrael Is in rebellion ; Junelbeu is tncdii 
intinj! the sacrifice of old Saul Tor young David. 
Old " Marion," who ran up Iho ladder of glory as 
nimbly as a cat, in the strength or bis manhood, 
now, in his old age bus eucounlercd a weasel on 
Iho slippery topmost rnngs. 

That's Lalbnm ; young David, who beat old fa- 
ther Soul and ruled Israel for a night nnd a day ; 
(poor old Saul, he's fought his Inst battle with the 
I'liili. tines — let's drop a tear for Aim); n man of 
rank education and li.-.iiiii- iliL'iu.iii L-loijueucc ; (so 
hiifriondssnv): eloiritald,-. fl..-.vil.|e. a.; r.rinolino,— 
"all things lo all men ;" (sn silya the Nationill in 
one of its characteristic paneygyrics) ; great in 
cunning; (so the world say-); ami invincible, in 
luck-i {that we know). There's a perfect charac- 
ter! men worship him, null the gods, eschewing 
jealousy, smile upon him; so young I yet Congress- 
man. Collector nt Hie California Pincus, Governur 
nnd U. S. Senator. Let the soft West-winds geotly 
dally with bis lock?, and sweetest odor from rose- 
beds greet his olfactories ; for he is every Pericles 
of the hcsperldenn Democracy. Has he not pro- 
cured a docr« of b.ini-liiii.'ni i.oaia.t hi j ill 11- iri- 
ous rival? Who ihen shj.ll r. si-t liis striding nm- 

ernves of Alame'lul 

Well, this our young Davld-Periclcs Is said to 
to have his eye upon the Presidency ; and it has 
been i-uriiiii-ed by a Democratic newspaper tbut he 
is going to Chnrleslon to ploy on in-nnd-out, un 
oll-aud-im i/iirn..., will) l.loi.-lj- for tin- n.iminnlion. 
It Is true no biography has yet been written ; hut 
whniofibot? Horn-blowing is not the way to 
win; and besides, the slory of nil great men h 
nearly the same. They never slop at the lmlf-w.iv 
house ; they all cross the Rubicon. They all have 

awny on obscure shelves.— Head Plutarch. We 
destiny of 



andshnllontb 



hoi. by. 



hupsn 



"Old 



itienl prophes; 

re cannot dismL-s the 

S il to the nomocracy, v 



Prof. HardlngryB Gold Quarts Frocasa. 



ss of quart* solutioh. We only give the el 
ints ns reported by Prof. Fleury, and which hi 

" Being bouured with an invitation to visit ■ 
etnical works of Prof. Benj. Hardlnge, nt 

ra.T .,1 Hro.id.-.-,,;- Mod One Hundred nnd Fob 
-ee[,N.-.v YorV.jjL.irliiH r,-=idein..-, slvled Wood. 
n-,l,with many others, suw him dissolve one 
of qunrti rucku in about 000 thousand gallons 



NUHSERY BUSINESS. 









A. DELMA9. 



ITix*;9t Premiiun 

NTJESBEIES, 

SS SAN JOSE. 

B. S. FOX & CO. 

HALF MILE i'ftO.M CITY, TKL1MR.VPH UISSI0S 
ROAD. 

Fruit and Ornamental Trees, 
Flowering Shrubs, Gooseberries, Gurranls, 

RASPBERRIES, t)v. 

LAWTON AND DORCHESTER BLACKBEfllllES, 
Of Qonolne and Superior Plants. 

CLIMBING PLANTS, DAHLIAS, &C. 

NURSEItTMEN'S STOCKS, GltAFTS, Ao. 
We desire to offer to our friends and patrons a stock of 

TREES, PLANTS, 



NURSERY STOCK, 

TOE PRESENT SEASON", USR1VA 



As Eiperi 


ocod Xnrserjmeo onr 


de«I 


m Is 


offer a 








■In 


















.rts It Is 


























































,: :.; , : . 






tolly 


appreel- 



Thisdigejlcrl 

s, nnd is capnl 

gallon of liquid jli 



...Id- ., 



■ Hire- 



ind gal. 



■■-'g ' 



, although it m 



ProfessorHnrdlngoha 
for runny years laboring to perfect his vast 

no:-e., and I l,..rebv 6 take my reputation ng 1 

.-launir,,- „ ..■,i,|i.;ioi 1 i 'bar ' ■<■ i.-nlihr !:nr.v. W",: 

tojudge of the fact, that he is now read. ,„ [.,„(, I 
amy of the most durable as well on Iho most bea 
Uful slone of » Inch it |, |, u „i|ii L . [or t, 10 hu|n 

"'":": ""-')'■■- W:.IUofv;ii-,o„: ^l.,,,,^,,,, 

nnd these walls ll n ,d „l, u c „\ ort:i ]10rc ,. illin , , 
ted In freseo,) entablatures, ,„ Hoofs as whi 
as snow, and hrc— |i roof, molded statuary, and 1 

l:ii|. : ol :.i..l. I .1.1.. ,.r .,. -: - , J l . ' 



s method of iteming coal, by first dlssoh-ir 
1 tons at a time ,ulo petroleum, deodorlrli 
nud n h is 1 ^ ^^ "'" ^ Bb ° rt,J ' b ° mB< 



■I" 1 a , Hr.isrs of BunoKs.— Very mnny of ou 
indcrsbnvedoubllesfl wiloesscd the irulv won 
Ijie'l! hnv h""""!-''- ' bU ,n " Md maa "r Wrti 



es. Should s 



•uggested by the sta 
eouplo of mleo lo tu 



1 BBoul ten miles „ j MV 
brands. A liuli-[,, ,„,/■,' 
'"""'^■rii-o weeks, nnd 
eaui nniraul p Cr vcar j 
llings." 
Ibe net profit per uuuum 



aied. Wei 

Bquol Aoy NotOL^y In Stock or Growth, 
Our ouarla being to ebon onr friends 

Well-GroiTD Trees and Plants. 

Wo invito all purehatorsof Trees, Plants, At, to ealland 
see us, or our 

AGBKT, MH. JAMES I. BURTI6, 

UO Vasblngton street, Son Francisco, 
Where wo hare opoood a Store, that our ftloods and 

EXAMINE OUR STOCK, 

As wo pnrposa offeriog them at 

ONE-HALF LAST YEAR'S PRICES. 

Treoi and Stock packed with groat care, to Insure safety. 
DELIVERED AT ALVIEO FREE OP CHARGE. 



Catolo, 



os found at Farmer Office ou application* «;( 
n 10-a B - S - E0X * c 



SAN JOSE NURSERY. 

'F'H.'O'irP TRB£3S1 

^K 0raa mental Trees and Sbrufe,^ 

^gP 15,000 ROSES. "^ 

A Fine Atsortmont of Qreenhousa Plantf. 

G- It APE VINE SI 
§JgaSgSV^^t^£^JjfeSS^ 

EXTREMELY LOW PRICES, 



planted ttith tafcty. 
All ordrn prom|)Uy olleodr-1 10, tl,,, tn W einiaWT paclrnj 

'^>P™to "" *™° f ^^LI'pABVOdT.'^.;! j":','" 
Or t.. in, Mfrnu, Kr. TJ.Julii,-,,,. ,., 1-1,,, ,,,.., j,„ ,.-.' 
cUeoi Hi, i, tfnchsn], Bono™, CUUorai Htm 



THE CALIFOENIA FA.EMEE. 



19 



Stall I- 
Tog. frigid 

outliers of mi 



HOW STRWCL. 

rill bo, lave — how -rr-i-i^n-. whoa wo lw< 



Onr pel nunc; gwn rusty irilb nothing to do — 
Lore's bright web ucTarclcd, nod real, and worn ibraogb, 
And Lift's loom luff empty— ah, bom! 
Ah, me, 

II- .-11111;.-,: il will bo. 
nowelraagi'lt will bo when Ibo witchery goes, 



Dow strange It nil! bo 1 
How Himh It will bo, love — bo* strange, when wo i 

With just ■ chill tooch of lbs hud! 
When my poises en longer delightedly boat 

WhtoIltMcUfiL-"'y.Jf-.l(Ji-, ! Ti-.-r, ;■,,.; .';,.., r 

• l!.ril!Lu,;ly sweet, 



Ah, tor. 



and— 
Dow strange it will ba I 



Or, getting remotely apart as 

Sit chilly and silent, with nuthiog to soy. 
Or coolly cooroiM on the now. or the day 

Ah, mo, 

II"'.-, strange it will be! 
Dear lore, if our hearts rfo grow torpid ud old, 

If ne lot our ton perish «rilh buogcr ud told— 
If m din all We diamond, ud urntsh lis gold— 

ll .t di. ■ ■ ■ > lii-.. -rtlcbcd mi die anconsolcd, 
■I>.il) I- -Irjocatof ell things Ibmeror wen lold 
As happening ander (he sun I 

How strange it will bo 1 



ity to the whole cbara. 
cnltj in forming any e 
it is exhibited. Wees 



of those by whoa 
...™cely beliercoae pos- 

is continually pulling or 
Try, and rtcoontirii; bi.-n- 

meets, llenec, those who 




There ore same persons with whom aflectstloi 
becotnei n st:,'!,,..! n.,l„iv. Tln-v di,pl.,v f:,L- t Cl ,l. 
ora until they forget Unit tbey bnve any of thcll 

tbe natural tuor omenta uf the body are seen tit 

cvt.-, the curt tifllu- lip, tilt =1.1(1 rt-[,rjj-.. (M-ibi.' liuli 

longer. The father? of tbi! peacock in wbicb the 

AlF,^,tiun, as tbe term is commonly employed, 
1.3 very dilTercoi from tho hypocrisy in which ' 
mean mon disguises his villainy. The formci 
merely the result of vanity, and is often seen 
persons who arc not bad. The yotiD£ lady ofll 



i the 



of 1 



bib. 



is for from feeling, and 

mcnonble. In IhlB way we are sll obliged to aflee> 
more or less, for the Bake of politeness. Won 
there ed BtTcclolioo, this world of our- -,-. ..ulil l, t i 
'il-; ip '.-. able place of abode, lint ibere is a widi 
d ilk run.,: between the art uf making oar friend; 
pleased with as and with Ibemsclrcs, and the ur 
of appearing lo others just what we uro coiuciou' 
of dot being. The Brat is tho use of affectation 
the but its noose.— [Temp. Crusader. 



MRS. ANNIE L. AVEBY 
HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN, 

Eeridenee, S4.9 Pacific Street (two deor. from a tod. ton 
St™), 
SAN" FKANOISCO. 
tfi*" fjpcclal uleotEoa paid to domes of women a 



TO THE AGRICULTURAL PUBLIC: 

THE SUBSCRIBER DESIRES TO EXPRESS TO HIS FRIENDS AND PATRONS, HIS WARH 
and nnrescmtd thinks Tor their kind end moch-nVoded support during tbe put year, which hu for exceeded hit 
ranet sanguine expoo.ailoBs, and which be hopes to Rtuln by punning snob a courso u may bo sallsfaelory to bis 
Patrons sud honoMbta lo bim.-elf. 



THE A. SHBES : 

PUTS' nENDIKE BUFFALO THRASHER, 8 and 10 Itorsc-powcr, with na attachment To 

mess Bring and rogtilering tho number of bushels thrashed, aod biggin g tho grain. 
C 91. It us), ell's BlasSlHon, Oblo, ThrasUer, 8 and 10 boree-power. 
Usui's Celebrated Canton, Olilo, do 8 nod 10 do 

Tbe Hamilton, Obto, do 4 and G do 

Tbe Albany, Sew York, do 1 and 2 da 

"Tho above Machines were Made Expressly to Order fur the California Market. 

Alio, hive oa hand, extra Castings, Unpen, Elevators, Cylinder Teeth, Ac., Ac., or all the above machines. 

THE CALIFORNIA COMBINED REAPER A D MOWER ! 

To which was awarded the FIRST PREiCUM over tho New York Reaper, on trial as a Combined 
t and Mnner. al the Alameda Coorny AgricOHural Fair, held Id Jane list. Ab», tho same award was tnado 
Stale Fair, hold at SacnoiBclo.In September lailj and allhc Sonli Clara Coaoty Fail, hnld in Snn Jnie.ia 

I members of tbe State 



WURSHHT CIHOTTIiAB.. 

FOREIGN AND NATIVE GRAPES, 

AND GENEEAL NUESERY STOCK, 

OFFERED THE PRESENT SEASON OF 1850 AND 1B60, HY 

.A.. P. SMITH, 

AT THE 

POMOLOGIOAL GARDEN AND NURSERIES, 

SACRAMENTO, Two-ond-n-bulf Mileo from tho City, 

AND AT THK 

OFFICE AKD DEPOT FOB. tiiees, 44 3 itreet, bctwten Seeand anil Third ■treeti, 

SACRAMENTO CITY. 

THE CULTIVATION OF THE GRAPE, AND THE PLANTING OF VINEYARDS UPON AM 
xteniieo male. It at the proiont lime olnitlog a lively Interest among the people of our Slate. 

The congeniality or our soil and climate, nnd tho success which bu thus Tnr attended tho opera- 
ions In the vineyard, on exciting tho attention of hundreds to this subject, and destined to medio vine-enwing 
ndwlno-mikingooeof the groat Interests Dinar State. With tbe world for a market, who can esllmtdo tho 
'eallh that will henaftorocarne to ear people in tho mannracton and exportation of wine. This Slate and thli 
i yet Id iDfaaey, and this gnat interest is of stieh maenlmde that It Is of the first Importance to begin 



attention is also called l< 



e given It, below, b 



MRS. M. C. SIKES. M. D. 

TJLEOTHIOIAW ASJJ HyDEOPATHIST. 






WEdaag lo pneakally di 

w)U he plvued 14 nuke eaf, 
retrolruif n better hnawlodi 



Sf W,¥ff ; ; » i^^sLtktSS 

; -' -■■■-■■. '.'■■^Ip^k^jy^ " ■-■ '■■-'- 

F-.l'-: :.-l -,:l j>-r>uiini; dEiwm ihfcbT eti it™ u»iu"! 

' ' '■ ■ ■ ■ ■ '■:■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ' . ':' : ' ■ : 'i 

_Tbn-i wulilaj to ..all tbcnueliei ol Un. Yftma; edrteo 

"■*«•, m. u., »l™o t«d « p[ «er. ie uolier eoliimaT 
tVTLL VOU SOT SEND THE 

CALIFORNIA FARMER 



' r-' 'ltr-i U *j H ' i!lt Uk ' "'"■' l «'l'i!r.- '.-.i,i 
'•' f- ,' l:i.. I„-I :...! i, .."; ; ';■'' '■'■'' ! ' r " •"'■ I''" !■!• ■-■■■,„■ 



Agricultural & 

PECK'S HEADER AND HARVESTER ! 

To wbicb was also awarded tbe FIRST PREJHD.lt at tho Stale Fair, and at the Santa Clara County 
With the experleneo of iho just loswn, this mochlae is so Improved as to bo. wilhont question 

TIi© Very Best Harvester in Tj ee . 

SICKLE SEOTIOKS. 

SICKLE SECTIONS for McCORMICK'S, BTJSSEY'S, BURRILL'S, SBYJIOITR A- MORGAN'S, 
PALMER 4 WILLIAMS', and MANNY'S (with Wood's Improvement; REAPERS. Also— 

EXTRA CASTINGS AND BRASS BOXES FOE THE ABOVE MACHINES. 

HOUSE! EtA.^Us. 

WHITE'S PATENT STEEL-TOOTHED BUGGY HORSE HAKE ; 
WILCOX'S REVOLVING HAY RAKES, 8, 10 anS 12 feoL 

DOVER'S ' FARM MILLS, for Feed. Con, Meal or Flourj reqolrbg but two-Wso 
power. The cheapest (arm mill io uao. 

PREMIUM FANNING MILLS, of our owr. mnlto and the be., imporlod. 
INGERSOLL'S PATENT HAY PRESSES, 
GRANT'S GRAPE-VINE GRAIN CRADLES. 
Jtans^ 8 PATENT SCTTHES ana SNATHS ' ™Wrf heels; the very beet pnt- 
HAY FORKS, BARLEY FORKS, both steel a „a woo a. 
WILCOX'S THREE-BOWED HAND HAKES. 
HOVEY'S HAY CUTTERS, all Bizes. 
RUBBER BELTING, all widths. 
MONKEY WRENCHES. 
GARDEN HOES and RAKES. 

SKELETON CLOD-CRUSHER OR FIELD ROLLER (homo msr^eturo, 
GRINDSTONES, all situ. mmoiiciore). 

PATENT ATMOSPHERIC CHURNS; Iho best ohurn in nse fhnmo » » r . ■'• , 
CHEESE-PRESSES, se^-aeling (hnmo manufnoturo,. ' — ^.t-e). 

LACE LEATHER, LUBRICATING MACHINE OIL. 
LILLIEB CHILLED IRON SAFES. 
EXTRA POWERS, 1, 2, 4. 6. 8 and 10 Horee. 
EXTRA TRUCKS and EXTRA LEVERS. 

' REPAIRING DONE ON SHORT NOTICE, -©a 
J. S. HARBISON'S PATENT BEE-Hlvee „t,.„t. . .. u m 

at the Slato Fnir, and which 1, IK-v'rj "ft b ' b' ' ' ' PREMIUM 

wiebing to mnnufacwre these Hive, can purchase the W^ToTi "* '"' ""' ""^ *"' ^"^ 

THOS. OGG SHAW, 

83 SACRAMENTO STREET, 
;.. San. Pranolsoo. 

de Agrieoltnral Society of California I,,.-- 
I:t-.i ff--ft H'tiiiimL . • """seen and examined the 



aright. To do this, vra should now Bseonnln what is lo be Iho hds 

for wloe-moklcg. The California or Loj Angeles Era; 

to be as good at any for making nine, tho majority ol 

that It wit] be superseded by lomoothor and a 

cnlllnlod by us, the Calivobhia Qajr-a hai i 

MAS (Topo invariably resists tbo frosts that h» 

the iltonlion of the culllvator shoold bo dirccled lo attaining a hardy class "of grapes. Elperlmonl along must 

determine this. Bad trhnlever expsrloucc wo have already attained shoold bo carefully noted and improied upon. 

For some ycarj tee have been molt carefully ciporimenlinp; upon anil propagating from a very largo 

ma grape ha) been entirely killed. At the seme lime no two opinion, exactly sens as to their sunarlorl'tCiri 

possess a very decided advantage orer tbo grape now being oallicated and kno 

With these points established, nnd with the opinions nf practical wine-growers orEuropoto sus- 
tain as, there can be no reaeenable doubt of Iho si-pnoooevion sa tuis stats ef Iho finest wine-grape, of Knrope. 

The /orrtoa grapes baring a world-wide reputation as vint, table, and rauin grapej, and having 
been prered to be hardier than our o~n cropo, and boiler odepled to our soil and climate, they most nnd will be- 
ocmoveryeltonsii-olyoultirated. Wo cannot so EoinBIly impreas upon thnio nbont to plant rinoynrds, onr own 
oplnlontandprerorencetrorthlsolBsior grapos, bello.ing as ne do, that tho varieties to bo over 
from this class wi J be gro.ro to tho exclusion of all others. Wo would not by any means wish to 
planting or the CatlgoasltA OitAPB, which I- Indeed a usefel and valuable grape, and of which we sell largely 

sst necessarily give place to them. 
id while all hare proved to be good 



« makes a good oed plouant wins, and while same claim it 
experienced grower! pronounce it Inferior, and Borne assert 
boner grapo. Among ovor one iiomhid varieties of graps 
proved to bo the most lender, while Iho Fsemco and Gsn> 






oally selocted 



but when it has 



rtiolo.jf wine 



i of [hot 
sill In 



i of thl.c 






. The p 



liy f.om tbe Cajifirnla crape, and 

■perfeoL, onreucccH was very flat- 
profiiablf tiiEpsred in thL» country, 
grapes wbloh are very select, and 



We ^ "lib U) draw [ bVauonlli.il if - ' I I i ' 1 " ' ,r " 1, ' rt ' 1 ln ,nL ' country. 

or thonsond, and when taken in largo lob we will put [hem el muct loner rate, thin hetetoforo offered. 
We wish it to be distinctly understood that our elect has been nil grown by ourselves from bcar- 
'— vines in onr own vineyard, and we enamernW only such as tro can famish in largo quantities. 

en a thousand or more vines aro ordered, Ibe selection of kinds will partly rest with ns, bnt will 

iprltod within tho following assortment: 



as the proportions may 
a large and parplo berry, ono of the finest and 






o sited berries,, di He r- 



os-iy iruprnrcd UAL1FUBNIA COMBINED HEAPEn AND MOWER ™. r ,\ " ""* D " nll °"' 'h» 

the fumlnicommUBitylB. It b, purely aCnlfr," : " " f ' L ° kln,ii "" 1 ■• el '«''"II»'i«wmicend to 

■"^"'■™^--»^V^™.Sirc^r.•"•'' , -'- '=•■»■-»•■-» 



ss grapes. Thofolli 
Black Hamburgh— An immens 
cious of black grapes knov, 
WiUmott'fl Black Hamburgh— Extra ordinary bearer, and fruit with it 

log in sbapo from othorlicrrlca. 
Black Prince— Large, very productive, rich and very delicious. 

Black Morocco-Very proliBc, largo clusters, nnd gives promise of being a very 6ao m'ne m 
Blaok St. Peters— Long and large clusters, n lato fruit, sweet and very delicious. 
Black FtOlltignatt— A good grape with a sweet nnd musky flavor. 

CaM °think^t a^ric 3 ^" ^ f ,b0 '° fBeit Wl1 " ^^ k '" , '* a - Pr ° m 0at M P eril!nc « ">» y«r we 
Chflsaelas of Fontailieblean— A white, very productive grape, medium siie 

^^t&JSRSXj^trt^™^™* Brop ' ; ' "•k* morD l ^° ,aro(l ' B0ki ««»« 

Early White Malvoiaon— Early, and sweet, ond gnod. 

Frontignaii Mneoat-Verv fine Syrian-An immense bearer, very large, a late sort. 

Qnzzly Frontignaa-A good bearer, fine flavor, good t„U t grape 

T^^ See ^-^, E »oi size, medium bearer, high flavor, believed to be good for vine 

Large Bom Of Pern-A targe and superior grape, and very prolific. 

HoBeady's Early White-Very prolific, and n fine white grape 

Muscat Of Alexandria— Larno and linn i|..p~i ., t . 

Royal Mitsoadinc-A delicious grape ' t a I" r r pcs ' fl " Q of "^"'? fl "-- 

be lint raw as a u-mc gr a pc ' P ' ,ncoln P Bral 'lo an a labU grope, and promises to 

B«d F™11b»«-1 ,.„ ... «„„.. TOto T „ Mena _ k „„ a , 1Mm , 



Th,T FH ?^ AND OENAMENTAL TKEES 



Pcarr, 400 vnrintiea; ' 
Plums, 50 varieties; 

CuEBititiB, 5U variolios; 



Pkaciirs, 76 vi 

Nectaiuses^ 20 varieties • 
Apmcots. 12 varieties ; 




vo, Jannaiy 18th, 

)d ™ J' ■ 0. L TJulcblneon, 

ar of Cellfernit, Prcldeel Cel et 

""< CoL Warren, 
WAO.A^eBkmelSocieli. Editor Catuorett 

as Laagioy, A. Lamott, 

*"' U. M. Heoslon, 

J. P. Melohlor, 
Jas. Iliwortb, 

J. Herman,' 
P. A MeJUe, 
W. n. P«ks, 

J- B. VBUIaot, 
J. Morrill, 
WsuRabe, 
Jacob L. Levis, 
Jos. Klopeosline, 
B. R. Crocker, 
0. 0. Jenks, 



A. It, BUI, 
i:. A. Blanb, 
Charles D. Cooleyf 
C B. Levcll, 
It- B. Woodward, 
Bern an] 8. Fox, 
J". Lentell, 
D. F. Msnldln, 
W. W. Light, 
Fred Woodward, 
T. O. Phalns, 
John A. So Li, 



W. Wsjlswonb, 

Rdlior CJIforola Cultortst. 
Jos. B. SUrer, 
Thomaa Hayes, 
Wilson FIIm, 



R. Oibbon., 
Charles J. Coll] n , | 
IT. C. Unrrlge, 



J. 0. Davis, 
J. 8. narbbwa, 
Charles Zeillsr, 



Our Cherry Trees to pm^ a* ,™ e inporud M^ard .lock, and not , 
Orei^in sloe* oftttit Caatt, 



M .„JS. "i°L .™,s:"S'' s T b '' E °"'' "" o-^™ a"!. 

- W. ell particular attention to onr co t !cc t iDn Df T HP „ . , ,- T ■ 

.tt m .tadut.t.p o .i , iln ,, r . 110ur0n<lnaraan , J -f tE CAMELLIA, "<" .o 

.. »..„.„„„ i. .„„„.„',;' iSf"l™J " •!•«..«,... n-dn. ..„, '„ _,„, 

™"L°3.r ',1™ '..-.»»««»»,'• »™ ™'7™'»^""™'- 

VEOEIiBIE ^-^■^^l°."T°' S : '"•" "■ "" " ""' " "' "^-"- 

at THIS YBAIl, .Wal, I, .T. n„ w u " cnuoa 'o our vorj largo and gaunrol ajsurlmont, th D frnn 

ftTS!£Wss l -'r a ■'■"■''" "WKS ft IS'.'U'W" " *;■■»«" ^ ~'"Z 



,~Zl i b 1 okiji^^J^MSS.' 



■ "" ' 



]n the old Etalw P 1 ^^, 



npon the action 
[0 none llM* J* 
Ihe Slate A grit 



State Agriaolhiral B°° lol y- 

he press of this State, nsl 



PaelBo Railroad. 

Tins great work- con now bo said t 

.wakened ft universal Interest over out 

country. snd It must bo a source of »l nc « 

fieulion to every well-wisher of tbo Union 



r Sennt 



s nod I 
actio g » 






t it. n 



talking, writing, 
know (hat the President of too Net! 
"great strike" for tbo Pacific Rail' oou. •' 
confident, now thai the wheels of Cougres: 
been pot In motion, thai the Pacific Ra.l.oad will 



h feel! 



■'ilnrpo 



.; tcrr 



e fnrtfoll 



. .__ Society have a 
,-er since. It further dccla 
ihlblllons ol the Society s 



Agricultural Convention. 

In compliance nftb the call wbkb had been cir- 
culated the Agricultural Convention, composed 

' f m counties around the Day of San declared thi 

° r Z E " .. .. Z„ »«. <•*•, ••- ■>«"*■ •' ss'Sr 

the City Hall. '" PL ,, ^„ nanntr j argument thai the location ft 



not be held for 
;oco. K It had 
undo under that 



action 



tiety. This is wholly 
iced La do is simply 

tempted to upheld or defend the wrong_ coursojf 
tie State Society 



toCm-.' 



ind the . 



M»' 



however, sab 


sequ 


ntly 


cond 


nn.-,) it 


car 


""" '" 


Ihe Cvllvriil. 
ugi indeed, 
our State. 


;: 


'wh 


cbfo 


:^:z': 


w nlC 


Kn 


Cftliforni 
ows only 
d inform 


I Not 

im, and 


th 


n his 1 



[orth. But we do see ai 
and highly colored to 



i._In lonklog f 
^ pnbllahed in th 
en respecting the 



, State (but no 
are published fa 
those who dosi 



■i doing so. 
d wo hope it 



bora with the State Society have been those of a 

oatitutionl He knows the ad- 
ll of a bridge that has carried 
.othrni is soon to take bis leave 



If lliL- pre: 






ago; "Spi 

jOUjafeor — 

of this State, and rpart says he is so a n f.-vnr.,bly 

imi-rtsf'.-t!, that he will warn all persons from 

.. c.i* «',. wonder if hi i 
coming to our btaie. we muuuh 

speak well of anything '° California unless it 
ihould he "SByec Terrace," to make lots sell well , 
and then the old road must bo fenced op lest old 
Californians should have tbo beaten paths to trace] 
in. In farther reply to the Bee 
who will or who can defend tht 
Society except those who have "aies to gnu 
The Standard, of Sacramento, during the Ci 
vention, manfully condemned thi" 
baa nearly 



icAgricultui 



Let the 



a Myers President of tbo Alameda County 
Agricultural Society, called the meeting to order, 
and on his motion, Judge Daniels (President of 
the Santa Oftra Society), was appointed tempor 
Chairmaa. F. P. Fargo was chosen Secret. 
Mr. Myers being called upon by the Cbairmnr 
date the ubjcula of the meeting, rend the clrci 
call and letters from G. N. Swnecy (Prcsldou 
tboNorthcrn District Society), and others, e*pr 






i Credentials was nppe 

.« of 6flccn mlnntcs, reported 

■d persona as duly accredited 



,o Coac 



old Constitution 
t iho holding of to 



•r located; whethi 

Id "under iho nan- Constitution, ar 
ngs were conducted thereunder, ar 
..ii .| i,. h.il.l that Tor tbo yea 
ace, under the same Canst 
a direct violation of that 
hi can 



I-'.". 



i-i|-r. 



r desire 



t, if ■ 



i Di-.lrii 






.,„!.,. ■- 



a commltteo of five was np- 
rying forward Iho objects of 
iocurfng the passage of inch 
i furthering the organisation 
ind by collecting information 






in la gee 



) their 



■iely.n 



cing l 






self-d. 



c for what they 
lat Californi 
from the world. 
not bo just or 
i bo called upon 
as will convince 



food item nil auto dac 
them that here in our glorious State iro have roo, 
, E h and gold enough to make a m.H«™ <•< 
ti rich and happy Ihis year and neiL Yes, l< 
Ulan como lo us and wo cao provide fur the. 



oodtn 



ough of the good tf 



,i hiu 



t of s 






and 



ending memben of the Board of the 

Society, the past and former years, be presented, 
and thoy -vsill be fonntl now in active operation 
ajauut the State Agrkultnn.1 Society. This is all 

all that the decided course we felt called upoo ti 

with the <nu sense of the Pltilli ifeii The fol- 
lowiog gentlemen have publicly denounced the 

the Slutc, as will be seen by their names, appended 

to public docuojeots: 

Gen. A. Reddington, Trensorer Stall 

B. B. Crocker, Esq., Sic. City, V. P. 

D. J. Staples, San Joaquin, " 

J. W- Osboro, Nnpa, " 

Cary Peebles, Sonta Clara, " 

A. H. Meyers, Alameda, " 

John Center, Son Francisco, " u " 

A. F. Smith, Sacramento, Maoa B er, " 

These were all in the Board last year. There 
are others undoubtedly, but the above with a host 
of members of the Society scattered over the 
State, as will he seen by the meetings held in dif- 
ferent places, which we are publishing in bur col- 
onns, must convince oil candid tnirub that wr 



,, bv purchasing bills of S20 t< 
rdb E bills, relying upon imtnci 



Alomdo-X. II. Hye". U. B. Hough, William 
l> Tol.-i I" II tiil'b.i".*. A I.-ielliog. 

' Cenlia Coaa— Groigo P. Loucks, II. O. Fassi 
r. T. i I' - '■ -"■ 1V !■■'<- 

5o n o« a jrfwtio.hB"! Soe.-ly -George H. Butler, 
M. G. Vallcjn, Jobn Sweet, William Boggs, Mr. 

S *£ n n0n , o .ier.Vulf.-oi «nd irxSnmcoI SccUy-R. 
Math •■• "• !■■■» II..H. W.illa.u Drdway.J.Q- 
4irU. I' I. VY. .,.,„. S. P.Stafi-o.d. 
J F, Kroocdy, Tbcmaa fampbell, Charles G. 
Thomas. L, Archer, Wm. Reynold*. 

Sua Moire— 3vhn Coromiog. 

UonUrty— M' Tcrrill. _ 

Son Voneiico-^WmioiD "(Irrece. Michael Hays, 



. ._..nlics north of Ss 

m'ri.'i.' ' "Thi'.-'''>''i"e. i:. ti'lltd "The Agricultural, 

|l„ r |i. illlnril .iILl M'.'i.li.inir-: l [Sn.-ji:IJ "I llivNuiiti- 

eruDislrict of California." This Society held Us 
muol olhlbitiou, commonolng on tbo 30lh 
da, „f August hist, which, as a whole, wi 



tod to attend to it 

The Convention 

call of tbo Busini 



,r....lil- 



n.:lv, h. 



than that of tho State 
i the year 1858. Wo 



t that ol Iho Statu Society, oi 
Society lo the State. 

fcrcnt portions of the Stoto, thai 






..■ [..a 



lion of tho State 

Irkl I'liirJ, I.". n.-CEiiiuo.!'"'. .nimllftns. lni|ires- 

s,,\ with the l»'livl n>" I'i-in- i f-.Wi were heller 

HortlonUute, and the other branches of industry 
we underiook the orgaoiMtion of oar Society. 



islitutcd tu follows : 
Wm. Daniels, Sanla Clara county; A. A. Mjew, 
MiUIH-'l.l ; John C-iiler. Sun I'r.infijco ; J. W. Os- 
lc >rn, Napa i uri.l Willium Md'li,-,-,.-.!, Ilill.v.,,,,,,,,;, 
iiii iij.jlii.n, it wiw ri-Jijlvcd to polilijb Iho pro- 
:ccdioga of the Convention in pamphlet f D nn, nne 
li,. Sivrj.Lj.rv ivir in:>[rurlfl i.J vend a copy s< 
■ ubli:hi"l in !.■■"■!' a ■ ■ --■ 1 1 1 ' "■ ■ r id (!!■■ Striate and As 
:.-iii|.li-, .Hid ir, sueli Huri.-nlliiriBWgunerallyasma; 
oo interested in tlto name. 

A colltclion whs t«l:"ri "I' "" d'-i'ri/ tin- •■vjun 



iidjuiiriied, subject to tl 



tbo premises and a 



v,-ll 1< 



\- ir ,-Pr,-.ulrt 



visiible, ill ruse the HU\ 
thatwobaveaHiat.ri.ir 
point. At sncli n 1'inr ill 
■iclw of the various Dis 
rcught in competition, 



nether 



adopted, 

LrfUjck iiml ar- 



indJ. L. Burtiss, 
•n, of Alameda. 



■ of Mr. My^is alhillii-! 
■uilurnlnnd A^ri.uliu.al f->,-i,.-il. ■; uu 
baoics 1 llisli.uli- .if S.i.i ^'mu.-i-l-,., \> 

.r-i.. r. Hi.- |-.,N.. •■:■.,: U'l-r- iv,;rt rci.-t 
From J. W- Osburn of Kupa : 



elvcd, 1 would .-ay, Ui.it unde 
n which many of the members 



id.-, nii'l tliiTchv tin' pt-uple from re 
.. „r llic Sii.lv -LV.fuKI Iil- -:.lv.:-1 th,. n 
rc.nl.le ..f taking In such Fair oihe 



is called a kind- 






onebin 



right; 



nd nl Hi' 



the faaa 



Tub Hosiv-Bee re Sis Fnitrctscc 

should bo aware that they can i 

hnnoy very easy In this city, as thi 

the Missloa and all the bills surroo 

as well us the numerous gardens, i 

offood. Wo have had many years i 
bees, in the Atlantic States, and have had bees in 
our own garden lo ibis city, tbo present winter, ant 1 
we hare never seen bees do so well in the monlhi 
of January anil February before. They arc makin) 
honey very fait, and we are thankful that thi 



while guld and silver 
in's respectability in thi 
i wealth, and be becon; 
ciety, although bit life 



altered, and alt hist 
.inlng wit, his din 



ipede from 
iea and towns, and hundi 
is off for Washoe." Sic 
we suppose it will alwayi 



arid. 



irid.r 



desin 



will Iv; 
n Aii.i- 



done oil parts of the State, loc 

.-uKur.il l"iir;< encouraged, and the Suite Sncniy 
it-elf pl.n-td on n b.^i- wliicii will render it iude- 

[jr-ndtnl nl" seeticinal inlerv.U in its r,i„a.:,-, iiii-m. 
and. while all.irdini; ,1 p;rMli>r frt'eiloni In tb- ei- 



d for two great a ta 
:ing tho ngr 






respeetiug the famous Dee-Hives of two distill- I 
guished apiarians, both of whose birca arc adver- 
tised in oar columns. We allude to tbo "Harbison 
Hivo" and the "LooBBlrotb Hive," both very much 
approved and both aclliog rapidly. Wo refer onr 
readers to the cards of the several owners and their 
ageaU, In onr present nombor. Mr. Harbison, tho 
e first, will soon issue a na wart 
aught for, and 













i, corner nt Maann 






shall be pliascd In 


in all the. 


labor 





IUbe Sews— In a number of the Conotry Oen- 
•man, published nt Albany, K.Y., lately received, 
e find among 111 "California news," the following 
iragrapb : 

.undated by an overflow of the lerco." 
This is certainly "important, lr true I" But per- 
aps tho lop of Telegraph Hill might escape tht 
overflow of the levee," and thus afford a place of 
stage. However, it might bo after all that tb 
bore paragraph intends to imply that Saa Frnt 
isco really ft In danger of being taamjaJ by 



3 of tbo State, 

ailed upon either for labor or foi 

lecessity which existed of emetine 
ership from all exhibitors, nctec 
those of limited means, and pre- 



1,1,-hl. !.■■ l!n.;i- "I" innii. .Ii.il" ]■• i-iirnury im.;..;!, 
nii.i.l nf tV dcreln-mrnt :.( the Stale's nyriiul- 

Again, ite ciblbltloos wcie altogether too fre- 

oave 'little encouragement to the County Bur*; 
be labnr nod elfnrt of lens-- most Inlcresiad in 
inch a«ociatioh> being lun s.i.rely Used to bt 

'.be bucccaa uf both loril r.na Suto cihinUkmi in 

Few but Ihe initialed, knnw or appreciate tbl 
tnluablo time and labor which have been lu..,i„w,d 
or tli'- i;i 1 1 ii in i [.'i Li iu '[lirii.lispl.ivedbymanyotthi 



by having received the premium of 

jy tbo Stale. 

-iews thus enlcrtaiui-.i In our Society, 

I hardly bi 



npl.H.'d I' 
,,lf, yunr 



[ ttil 1. 



I plan 



Tin- liitlVrenl dclegutions named [lie foil.. win 
rainmiltee: J- P- Kennedy, San la Clao; ii. I 
F;i;-.(>1 ri.ntri. Cutl i ; Julin ' rallT, Sail Fr.inri: 
,-r,; II. L. Weslon. Siiuom,. ; A. II. Myers, ALim- 
,1,1 ; Jubn C'nimnill!.-, Sun Mi.leu ; (J.-nri;,: l\.l, r M 
M t ..-li!ini.-'= I". Iil' II'.' ; lii'T^,.. ii. ISlllli.T, Siniiin 
il.irliriiLliir.il Sn.-ivLv, W. Wii.lHiv.irlb, Stale Go 
ti, ultiir.il Pueieiv ; Mr. Tcttill, uf Monterey. 

The l.'ninmitvet then look a recess until tti 



jtituti.in fiirtho proposou .-x. ■ 
u. (Tho further proceedings will 



San Joaquin Valloy District Agrioultural 

Society. 

As adjourned meeting of the District Agricultural 

Society was hold at tho City Hall, in Stockton, on tho 

evening oflJtb February. D. J. Staples was chosen 

The cominilteo appointed at n previous meeting lo 
mt\ plana for tho future government of tbo Society, 
lado their report, whioh wae accepted and tho Com- 
illtoo was discharged. 

Onmoticn a Committee of fivo was appointed lo report 
liatorolneora Torino c nan ing year. Tho meeting waa 
ddrelicd by Messrs. McLean, Owens, Hogan, Lyons 

Tho follewing office™ were unanimously elected : 
/'«..-. <<n I— Ci.pl. John MoMullin. 

1','.- i;r 1 ;,l-,il>—S;.> .;..:.,....,--■ 1 1. J- si.ii.1.,:-. f;iml. 

■Iii-on, :in.| W. H. Lj,.a... C/nlr., r„.,„-l'a,.l. Hv.-id 
;,„,IL ;,,,.[.]. II. Ii,.i,-.i<l:-,r. Wirrm.- Dr. IV. J one! 
.,,,1 E. I.. Sl.ven -(..i. r...^.,...i ..•—«-. T. Cooper and 



-IVm. i , ..i..l.l„.ll i.u.l .Mr., 
i.h r.,.,1 I. CPemhcrton. 

..-,/,-n, ,SV ■:-,!.. r;— I'. E. fin 



Section 1 "tll.e I'liarler n.n [Iiiti adi.[ilcii 

TlioLlanli in Hi-lid'.- 1 = 1 i.flh-J L-.jus'iliHior 

by adopting Ihu name of Ihu Sis Joioni 



Tin. Ili-'iuive Commitlce we 

,l,i.v Ci.mmilt,.,. In revise the ■ 



T., th- Mrmihat.it l' M r«f.ra: 

Vnur Committee, consisting of one member 
from each Count v A-ri, -nliar .1 Soeietv, und ono 
from Ihe lle.-hame', intitule of San Eraneisci, 
and the Sonoma Cunnlv A L -ri. ultnr.,1 Societv, nr- 
raniicd by the elettimi of .lnl.n Ciimming, Cliuir- 
nan, and H. II. Fussett, Secretary, nud would re- 
ptctfully submit the following report: 

Whereas, in consequence of [ho management of 
Ik SL.ilc Agricultural Society, said nrganiinlion 
in; faili'd to raet-t the wonts and wishes of the 
Agriculturists of tbo State: 
Therefore, we recommend ft division of Ihe State 



The Ikdisss os? Oittra 
ils number nf the FjiBH 
F California, hy A. S. ; 



-Woct 



nee with 



oa "The 1 



will h 



aervice 



r Slate. 






' -(riinl,:!.. 



used the Oaiblsoa HI. 
cue and success, in re 

mjl iL We shall also try tht 



Langslrolh, and give 

Oa* AorsarrsEJiuta.— W. 

show the two largrtt ana* £ 
placed In the columns of a I 
cine Coast. Now Yurkmay 
tlsemenLs, bnt none can ex. 

permanent advertisers wo : 

give back to our patrons a goodly share or en 

iomers from all parts of onr Slate end elscwhti 



I adrrrthaunU ai 
wspaper on tho Pa. 
osst of Urge au T er- 

a goodly number o 



to be able to lay before our read- 
be continued through many nnm- 



— Those 



,■.,!:.! 



gruiln 



I th in' 



n he done, I b 
rt In this dire 

-i sulliei.Tit l..| 



Slate exhibition, which sh 
udlririK tin- l.e-.t f.icilill.-;, in nil ea-.e-i tree 
penso to the society ; tho tabor of preparal 
be borne by that comrannity receiving the 

Slate Society," whatever limit there may 
a and a 



.ml.] I.. 



gates from tho County Societies 
officers of which to bo rr officio . 
Slate Society. 



;ted by 
the prestdlni 

-niL.i-r.. „f tli, 



Otfct 



. and Chctry. These 
.deed. We think B. 

them. For fine evergreen trees purchasers sboulc 
notfcrgelthoGoldcnGaloKuriery, of W.C. Walker 
Esq., an tho Nan Mission road. Be has the rorj 
Boost lot of rare and beautiful evergreens in ihi 
State, including (ho JfujnoKa ji-andyiora, an. 
many other rare kinds. 



Siiii. HnuE Flobibs.— The Edilress retorns 
Ibonks to B. S. For, Esq., „, Enn JoBC| ^ „ „, 
handomo parcel of choice ptnou from bis mo 
oxcelleot nursery. Tbcse plonu shall bo placed 
her garden with her own bauds and bis gilt *r 

I be appreciated. Sho trusts his generosity w 
(low back upon htm ia a lhauiond ways by a ve 

1 prosperous business which ho so truly dciery. 



.. cultural interest thus organise 
ii. resented, with an able Secretary, enruesr 
s and permanent in bis office, fully convei 
lib the agricultural business of the Stall 

be nl all limes in harmony with Ine.il inlet 
in working cundltlon, without too area 

lime and labor from ils active memben 
a successful io commanding the cntlra cod 
e and support or the productive lateralis i 
tale. Yours, respectfully, J. W. OsnotLT. 
m G. V. Swesy, President of the Agrioullu. 
■clcty of the Northern District of tho Stoto 

■ ■*<!«£. Ffaidmt B/iki Alamda Agrtcvltu- 
in Sin: Vnnr clrcnlar, addressed to mo In 



a may bccoi 

olhe..r-.,ni. 



lilinr 



Socti 






Sin Ji.n.jUin |.|,1ri.l eniliriieing San Joaquin, 
: nliivera-. T unliiiuii,.. s-.ir.i .hit,.. Mariposa, Mer- 
ced, Tulare, Fresno, and Bueno Ylstn. 

";in Francisco Buy Distil. i,,m,i,m. ;n- S.n. I ran- 
a, San Muteo, Alameda, Santa Clara. Saolr 
,;■, Mmit.rr-v, and C.n-. - ■■-. . 
onnmn ond Napa Dlstrli 



of Meant. Lyoos, 
i used for tbo tuslii- 



,,f 11 



i. Hole 



JLir ov Washoe MtneB,— Wo have received from 
Messrs. Hutcbiupra 4 Itoscnficld a copy of "'. 
Grool'a Map of the Wasuoe MinC3." It ia of co 
venlent »liO, and will nn doubt be of great benefit 
to those journeying thither. 



Post Orrtct: 
lumber of rcsi 
it the Mission 

ihould bo catu 
lose lines of s> 



r Mis.' 



D.iLnn 



—Tho large 



ind tho amount of re 
uiro that a Post Office 
that point. By the San 
ioss through tho Mi " 



It Ihe Vi-allii [.ami lliiioo 



Mill 



It !li-:l, 






t, embracing Ri 
log Uamboldt, 



ity, Si,l:iy,.u, Del Sol 

Los Angeles District, composed or Los An 
San Bernardino, Sen Diew, and Son Lola 



inunimity. ContraCostn county wi 
d as belonging to the San Junqui 
it the request of Contra Costa del 



I tin- i 



reply to Ihe p ream bio c 



do Cnunt ya " ' 
iu State Agricul 



ety and tho eilisei 
sure you that the 
aoclcly, had al th 
r,i,,,..„i.,, i- ui.ich teptretled and fully dlsapp'rovcd 

■.I l.y il... |.-.[,l.. ,-,, ,|„, „., r ,„, ril ,„,„iti,. ',,, „„. 
Slif:. They Led that tho spirit and letter of th 
■ ■ ' *. hy lucating lb! 



Blalo Fair for the year 1880 a 
new Conalitulion dcclar, ! 



in shull i 



and Mar 



d tho policy of dividing 
s, or saying anything 
.so about tho bay. In 
ould be well to suggest 
re, but tbo Convcutinn 
Uriels ai only n sugges- 
tho counties bordering 
'"-- and Sun Pablo. 



of theii 
s, Mont 






1hi..u-divi-:i,„, 

cinltlct of Sa. 

to have districts, or 



Alameda 

Jtoteoond 

led, and tbey >rnatcd 

i ....... t.i tho Sacramento volley 

ty uortbwards had a district of 
so of the San Joaquin valloy - and 
Ircady made ifnuld compel the vi- 
Ilumbolt and Los Angeles 



in tb..,, I,,,.,;,,,,., when this Convention attempted 






euly io a few 



Noiile TntiTHH.— Tha following truthful Si 
onts which havo boon ivldoly published and «t- 
Ibutod to tbo Hon. Mr. Billiard, n memi 

Onngross, should have beon credlled tu George S. 

Hilliard, Esq., ono of New Knglands ablest Tf 

and brightest scholars. 

These truths should havo a firmer bold of men, 

whoa Ihey form their judgment of character bj 

outward circumstances and appearances. 
"I confess that increasing years bring 

them nn Increasing respect for those wl 
■ iccocd iii life, as those wurdi arc 



Uen 






ceded upon will;"] 

.''["lih.-i.'.Vwordly p«"- 



bloom in the hoi 
pertly. Ill succe.-i fmL.tin,,.. tint's from supw 

huil.lauc,: .ii i|M,lliiii'-: in tl,,-,,,,,.] , , , j,,,,,t-ll..- J J 

cin-eieiiee. i,..o sen-ilive, a. lasto too fasllrtiou'i * 

■':Ii-!'.t -. ir -,., !„„ rumnnlio, Q modesty too '*" 

tiring. I will noi g„ m, far a» h, r ,iv, with " l ;vlI! ' 
poet, that the ,: wjrl.l kmnvj [milling of ilsg"* 1 ? 
eat men," hut the re nro forma of crealoess, or" 
least oscelleoco, that "dlo nod make no ii|f n '' 
there aro murlyrs that miss tho palm, but not *' 
stake ; there are heroes without laurel, nod «""" 
qucrors without tbo triumph. 



THE CALIFOEKIA FAEMEE. 



Ml 




Ibe Knight's Landing News wu Informed tl 
tfdar tut, lwc- Frenchmen killed 1511 Dullard, 6 
u-back, nod 3: black dncH nlfo 27 largo &• 
ho Syeamoru Bloggb, be. tew -11° from 'bat 



j which it is Iboosbt os high as $1000 o. 






C> S .|; '-T. 



x of K.p» 



■lelus rod 

Cou Lathrop. of Uulliw baring offered to run I 
all "UeEford" against '"T bo ""' ™" <" Serine; 
lie Stale, four mils and repeal, fur $5,000 °r S10.C' 
1 side, Ibis has been accepted by Mr. Nathan Coorat 
.rNnpe.0 



l of April. 



Feiuo' 



1 .l,|.!.u 



nicalFair.bcldal 

lSe B ™a[r. O. W. 
.orised by the «■ 



Toe wheat planting f.jr the present tcason aays th< 
S'apa Times, is completed acid under men fnrurabh 
^uv'jlt^i^ ■-, iL.i< th- r, liiir seddem boon, at this Pen- 
inn of the vesr, a bollMi 
■alloy. Tb< ' 
■ »l 
it fin 



L. Sonoma, eonnlT, njs Ibe Polaluma Argus of Ibi 
l!lh, the lata rains and warm weather bare earned vo 
gelation to abool forth lo the prat joy of Iho farmer 
TbeBr»!aUiEr..HiDe Onoly, and cattle u« improrint 
in flesh. If Ibis Halo of tbingi continue for a fo» 
week., oer but-h.-r. -ill I -.■ -.r.M- I l-.v'-m r I , ■. -. r -l.-.m 
bbl H-ftfa meat a! if meal, instead of gulUperchartulTcv 



Da. flay, or Springfield, say* the Columbia Ti. 
inr-olar relies of an 
people, who inhabited Ibis portion of (ho world 
remote period. Among Ihe articles foond by the di 
are two kinds of dishes, rudtly shaped like 

iboat eight 



BANKERS, ETC. 



PIOCHE & BAYERQUE, 
AGENTS AND BANKERS, 

,o Arcnief SfONTGOUEtlY STREUP, CORNER OP JACKSON, 

SAN FRANCISCO. 



SCHUClIAItDT dE 



ri«rJ«™M j^JJJ^j, DRA W > 



WHEELER & WILSON'S 

FIRST PREMIUM PM'i" 



S E W I N C 

MACHINES! 

AT 
REDUCED RATES! 



NBW YORK. 

IN THE PRINCIPAL CITIES OF- 

8W1TZKRI,AND, i^'li' 11 "'' 

Tbcy .Uo ,c< jrc, on dc-MHll, lie (in.llc.1 suies. and for a 

moderate con. ml- ■! ■:.. r-:i " >:--.i ■■" ' ' ■■■■'■ 'Xr'Juc^Eflho 

1ST O T_I O B - 

UfVISTMEKT OF SHAXL CAPITALS, SAVINGS, Eta. 



c-j> -], llin'.iil* icry.icc.ulBrllii'. [ocCoromir-: -kit ■/ I -i.i.i' 
I. I ■' 'L mr.ncrd It «llh 

i ■'" u ' . n I '■:■ ■ ■ ■ 

-^"{^"o^o'o^oT'ieaamebroSlr lor this purpoW 
ITHrT I Lhjnmth ond Mr. Harlan developed ■"l" ,l0 ( 



^enimoAn.^e.n^-lheleadin.mecbar.^.lld ' U» K V^H^^i^ 1 :' t^"?, 



iEo piper or 
aobfnejjrom'oll pnrls"oi Ibe «jjoirg, *„," "£J, "'to^ji 

'""-" ° 1 Wilson M:ri. if' ■ 

nd. 
Il 

effc 

.land" ahead of It. 



aud. in l™ nl » t ,'f rt Vo°°?:!°Vj!;?'.'.l^.'lI 1 i'n !,"■ M.S 



^aLo^r^rntcTolt wf"!^^™'.^ \SSkC£f -M H. whlek L, 




The Highest PremiTjms Were Awarded 
THESE MACHINES 

At the, followior; Fain In 1655: 
HiumiTl <ttale Fair IlllDels SLolo Fair, 

illZ-i-np^SuleFnlr. Saw YnrkSl.1. Pair. 

S.:„.i.r,.v >.:!■■ I- •ir. M,r ? l.,[l-1 .-pi' ; ■>■■ 

«ieh?Mn S Staio F Fll'r. Peo^'rania Slate Fair. 

Kutnefcy Slaio Fair, Indiana Sralo Fair, 

CAIIFOENIA STATE FAIB, 

Cblcaf-o Pair, St Louis Fair, Richmond Fair, Biiamon 



EVERY KIND OF SEWING 

Can be done with 

Wheel ir & ■mison'B >lachlne! 

ONE MACHINE DOES TEE WORK I 

Hemmers, (or Wida and Harrow Hmm, Willi each 
Uacblue. 
ibled advantage' of WIIBELEE ■':■ 
■ IL-SOS'S =er,-iijr Mnchinet aroi 
l-Ele C ance and riD|.lli:ity of ecnsl ration, and eon- 
sqnanl Ir^ed^m from djrangomenl and need of repair. 
3— DarobilllT. , ,„ , 

3— Uneaimplod eua and rapidity of operation. 
1— Noise-loss mnromenl- 

.--,,,. .u,..., .01 variety of porpo-eiandmalorioli. 

-"^^"allV -oil up,o m sak°L vneo^W^len* aVi Coll™ 
li.:-d.l S«.iinine. /jaillii'i:, llemmioa, l.alhermi;, and 



MACHINE W ARRANTED 

Thread, SLUt, etc., Constantly on Hand. 

H. 0. HATDEN, Agent. 



ipordea offored, 10 bo aallifailoty 

i;,."?^:',- ' "aI-'i", FirncB, Eojll.n, nod uiUer Earopean Seen- 
" P * U,0r " P p^ocSlT&™ArEllQOE 1 



BAORAMKN TO ADVERTIgEMEMJB^ 

ST. GEOEGE 
HOTEL! 

Corner of Ponrth and J Streets, 
SACRAMENTO. 

MTUIB HOTEL, HA VINO BKEN TnoftOUQHLY 
HBWOVjft-TEXJ, 

RE-FITTED AND RE-FURNISHED, 

IS HOW OPEN 
FOB TUB RECEPTION OF THB FDBLIC. 



Premium Harbla Works I 

j? J. DEVIKTB Sc EROIHEH, 
K T(reot, esirnor SlxlH, 

BACRAMEHTO, CAL. 

MarbloManlolsand Orates, Monnmonts, Tomb . and 
Oravo Slonoa, Tablo and Coanier Topa. Marble. and r r*b- 
(loneTilo.aranlloand Froe.lnne Bill, and Lialols,*^- 
4e„eonsinoilyon '—■'•■'' '■ , '" :r "•"'■ " " 

AUhlndsofOi 



al Work done with dlsni 



Immnonlal Work done with dlspattk. 
,ined Plaster for sale. fB-1S-3m 



WM. B. HUNT, 
HIDES, 8EISS,| 

_ WOOL ahd TALLOW. S 

Offlcs in Second itreet, n 



MARK BRUMAGIM & CO. 



BAOBAMENTO. 



1 



O^y SAMUEL JELLY, 
SLSa importbb Oi 

FINE WATCHES, JEWELRY, 

Silver-ware, Cutlery, &C., 

124 J STREET ONE D00E BELOW FIFTH, 

SACRAMENTO. 

WatchojRapslrodaiid Jowolry KanoTaetared. 

AgenU for Graver J/ Baker't Sewing Machines. 



Siglat Bills 
Bant; of Commerce, ..-.-- Boston. 
SIGHT AND TIME BILLS 

American Exchange Bank, New York, 

Available In lha Principal Cities of (he Union and 
One-half per com per Mania. Inlerosl Allowed on oar 



S F 





™rL» fr-m 1 


o qotclunver 


egien. in Boeo- 




,ayr Ibe 1 








pies of (be 


cinnabar, all 


f which go the 






the richness 


of the discovery. 




in Bonn a 


d Campbell, 


r Ihe Potaloma 




>ho« el oim 




the Goyicn, are 






and wo hear 


is opening rich 




l,.r i.H.I ,i." 














Tl:- i-1-...T, 




■il- u i«M il 












bacodror 




BflHo o, l-.n 


ymiloa. 



Ike llydroolio Press, Loo 



FIRST PKEMIUM AGAIN! 

BEING THE 

SEVENTH TIME RECEIVED 

Against All Competitors. 

R. H. VANCE, 

Comer or Montgomery and Sacramento Sts., 

S.A.TST jFRAJSTOISCO. 



Haling again received tfao FIRST 
awarded nt Ibo Stale Fair for Ibe BEST AMUROTTPES 
and P1I0T00RAPUS, It Is guarantoed that nil 
favor mo with ft call 



j!"bryant hillVco, 

COStaisSIOH DEALERS AND JOBBERS 111 

.FRUITS, BUTTER.W 
CHEESE, P ^S 
POULTRY, ECCS, ETC., ETC. 
Jton. 63 and 65 Merchant Street, 1 ] 

Belween Monlgoraevy and Sansomo ttroats, 
BAIT 3?j?tJl.ISrC!ISCO. 



I. Palmer. Dr. Halle, A] 



SOHEEIBEB'y 

PTJLTJ DEPOT. 

THE DESIAKB for lb!, article of BEDDING tl 
la Incroasloe more than len-lold ovary year. Too 
more It is used, ibo honor it It liked. 

FOR CHEAPNESS AND DURABILITY 



i of Ibe 1 



aand. I 



(r",;;,,,,,:,,!. .oh»»Bftwn««Limnilrdlr«l from the 
Ielaods. I am also receiving by orory Cllpet involeei n 
CURLED HAIR, BED-LACE 

x. o. moss, soPASPititras, 

COItY mrsK.*, irATTRfSS.SPRIA'GS, 

TWINE, ETC., ETC, 

And UptlDlatdrOrn* tVcedlea, auorted alsea. 
Dealers in Furniture nnd Bedding, wauling; any- 
thing in my lino, are respcclTully invllcd 10 giro me 
* Hotels and Familibb wmmonelnsHousokepSnff.rep- 

Paln Warehon£8, 104 Battery street, 

Fbascibco. 

JACOB SCHKEIREn. 



r.lU^r 



n Ibn 



At North San .1 ■ 

hack of hU honso and below !Uo illlch. Tbe bet ll,-. 

sapply abundant irrigallon fur all Iho Ullablosoll balo 
Ihom, has induced many pc«.iuf In attempt bcmcjUur 
who might olherwiio never have [bought of IL II 
mpcet the Middle Yoba Canal has conferred a 
estimable Weeing open the community, and the 
liberality of the company in allowing walcrlol 

irri.-L'l ■[,, (!■■■ ..'f .:!,., rue, whecoTcr 'aod wborcrcr 
»im-: I, il<- rv, - i ■■: ;,l -,!,,! -., .i, :1 „i „,,..„ (I'.tj. Ti,..-'» 
l,iH-il.: Mi,. I fiill-i .[. j^, 1- ,i , ,„ | 1Jr ,| . „„J , in-rar.].-. 
»Ul mako car town oiotediogl, plciui 



TO GRAPE PLANTERS. 



in " 1 r Jf-i ■ : -.' I..T.-LnL-.i l -i.Jbj-.'Jr. l-.nr.lnnn". p.lca[(Eeo 



t57" Large PeUuu an 
a ipodal FartOM ; wo caly an 






patrons that I am now prodoe! 
at much BEDDCED PRIOES, 

eg reduced my prices more than 30 percent, no 

Illons given In lha net, and slock furnished. 

ivor 820,000 worth or Cameras, Glass, Plates, 

id Chemicals, on hand and on lha way, I shall 

poseo oma a ul ow or prcaa^ 



PACIFIC TIN -WORKS, 



SAN FH. AWOI9 OO- 

13. O. AUSOJIKT, 
TIN AND SHEET-IRON WARE, 

Plain, Fancy and Japanned Ware, 

BTOVZS AHD STOVE FITBH1TDRE, ETiAJcTELED 

WARE, TIHSED IBON WARE. C0Fr7EE.MII " " 

FRY-PANS, ilASE-OVENS. fa., Ac. 

ir E c»t assortmont of ready-mado TIN- WARE 



IMPORTANT TO SHEEP -OWNERS! 
POWDERED TOBACCO, 

CHEAP LEAF- TOBACCO, 



PI! 6 LTIHJ A i- "., 
10 and sloalrnmery Hi 



MR. & 1VIRS. COGILL'S 
M DANCINQ ACADEMY, 



THE SCHOOL will mgol TUESD, 

I iV.-i ic.l ! i!!D.iV.-V ■■ ,:, ... .„i'i., n Irarn J lo B w. 
■ I'-; !..--■!: ■ ,', -I ' LlMn-ii, .:..: [,.,:„ T 1-. v I'.' ;■ ■! f..[ 
■ i,.;u-:.i i.:,:,.-.-, H-,l[. 
.nilPulli.i ga.idrille.1 lauciil -lib laecc-j. '.■.; i i.;:. 
lien'iClata EVBlla SATURDAY, from 2 to G p. u. 
Terms— S2 DO per monlh, in advnuco. 
H&-SOI11EES EVERY FRIDAY EVEHma.JPl 
.'aiTATB LesEona at all boars of Ih. day, All iho 
polite and fashionable Hall-Dances taoghL Also, 
Fancy Dancoi, Stage Damtng, oio. 
Also, ina follonlne; gaad.lllca: VltBnnlH ElDBir*, 



HOME MANUFACTURES! I 

TUBS, FAILS, AND CHURNS, 



LAWRENCE & HOUSEWORTH, 

OPTICIANS 

Mo. ITT Clay Street, 



GOLD, SILVEH-, AND STEEL 
SSipootaoloja, 

With Iho best quality or Glades, and Iho celobobratcd 

BRAZILIAN I PEBBLES. 

Opera Glasses, DTaghCCJc H In chine a. 

aprB'aasea, Dnmlnir Inltrumenta, 

STBREOSGOPEH AND VTBWS, ETC. 
(ii i. .1 Importcra it Jocopb Itcilij ti-H & Bona, 

Pooket-knives, Razors, Scissors, &o„ 

US' GLASSES filled to Frame;, and ilEPAniS 
noallydoiio. 6 



Bees, Bee-hives, Honey ! 

REV. L. L. LANGSTROTH'S 
MOVABLE-COMB HIVE! 

TTTRflM HAMTT.TPrT, of SAHTA CLAEA, 

APIARIST AND AGENT 

For the Above named Patent Dive, far California, 

Oregon and Washington. 

DoT- Persons wishing oan obtain Indkldoal BIGHTS 
within said States and Torrllnry by lending 925, by 
Wells, Fargo and Co.'s Eipnsi, to ths nndomigncd. 

HIRAM DA MILTON. 

SnnUOIara.Feb 16,1660. '2-3m' 



■J. D. ARTHUR & SON, 

AGRICULTURAL STORE, 



PITTS' & HALLS' THRASHERS. 

BOSTON STEEL CUPPER PLOWS. 

Flows, Harrows, Cnltlvalors, Grain-end I oa, Scythes, 
Snath', Horfo-iakc,, II ay -rekoi. Thrash ors, Carta, ote. 
HABS0V7S, SHOTSLS, onlT)DSTOHi:£, BTO. 

Nob. 3, 4, and 5, Washington street. 

Between Davli and Front. [g| SAK FRANCISCO. 



ALEXANDER H. TODD, 

Produce and General Commisston Agent, 

Ho. J 1 (LAY STREET, Mi A II DAVIS, 

SAW FRANCISCO. 

ALEXANDER H.TODD has beon enraead In tolling 
Oraln and Prndueo for flee ),.„ past In Ibis market 
—was the Pioneer Esnteomanof California In Ifi-B-hns 

■' ■ ■ j <■-■■ ■ .,,.■... 

EHuS to a I ^ ' :!l ' ! ' : ' ; ' I.U InVa "it" 

N. H— My teems Tar hnylng and ■ulllpg produce an; 
Foramounti nniti 15,000, ij , ■■ aenti for SS.W0 and 
'Tiwuds, 2 per Mn t, . 22 



sLadleu' lire He] Trlnunlngu, 

HOSIEBY, TTlSr33Bjrl,-I.HSrj3j>T, 

HOOP SKIETS, 

And every article for LadW and Chlldna'a use. 
MBS. D. HOHCP.OSS, 
Hi Sacramento 111(61, above Montgomery. 

FaclQc Fringe aiannfUc lory 1 1 1 

DBESS TRIMMINGS CORDS, 

GIRDLES, TASSBLS, * 

Constantly on band and made to order. 

D. NORCROSS, 



144 Sac 






W. K. VANDERSLIOE, 
C^ SllTT-er- -CTTare. W 

IB4 WA8HINQTON ST, 



23 



"the oali e o r nia farmer. 



f rtitt' gtjartnit nt. 

T.mra WILI1Y WARBEN, M. D EiL 



With much pleasure we offer a good story ft" 
one department Ihis week, from toe C i(1c,i "'""' 
Hary 0. Vaugban, of New York. ThiJ -ill do 
doubl be relished by those who have been reading 
the articles oo Dyspepsia, tc, as ire are well aware 
that snob borne truths are not very palatable, and 
for fear we might destroy the taste by I*' uniurory 
oV«a, wo will give yoa something Joan 1 of nunlUcr 
diadau. The Slorj, however, speaks for Itself. 

MIRIAM'S MEMORIES. 

THE STORY OF AN INCOMPLETE LIFE. 

"I, Miriam, lake lien, James, 



crfo' 



no, for 



day forward, fu 
iher for poorer, in -i.-lin'-.- an. 
erUb, anil in Av. iilll.il*. i. 
ri'tbolyordinanw; nndUicrcU 



do parr, aecontingta I 
I giro thea ip y troth." 

Srisnmo at the altar by the side of the man 
whom I had willingly accompaoied there, I slowly 
repeated these words, from the marriage service, 
after (he officiating clergyman. Thoj were but 
tbe ratification of tows before made ; I promised 
no more than I had been ready to fulfill, for 1 be- 
lieved that 1 loved this man as a maiden should 
love the nun whose wife she becomes. 

As the last word was uttered, I cast ashy, happy 
glance at the face that bent 
stantlj- turned ray eyes away i 
thrill or strange repolsioo she 
The feeling was vague yet 
would fain have placed a thoi 

there beside me, received my troth plight, and 
flashed upon mc such a glance of joy ood trinrnr ' 

I felt the ring (mystic symbol or Unit perfe 
union that in this one moment had hecome ir 
possible to us] slipped upon my cold Enger. 
knell mechanically and listened to the prayers, i 
full or beauty, uttered nbnve us. I felt my hand 
clasped In bis, and heard Ihe solemn we 
that bound us irrecoverably. I receive 
gralulations of our assembled friends 
and in bewilderment, like one half ti 
waking, leaning upon my now-ioadc 
arm, I accompanied him to the carriage which 
stood ready to convey us homeward. 

Thero was a wedding breakfast, and I was forced 
to listen to al! the compliments, toasts and speeches 
usual oasneh occasions. I heard without heeding 
the meaning of much that was addressed to mc, 
and I fancy that I often forgo! to heud in acknowl- 
edgement of the fine speeches, for I heard one 
middle-aged mnirou whisper to my mother : 

"Poor child I I really pity her; these public 

Ifeltreallj grateful that my absence of mind, 

ness. I was glad when it was all over; when the 
tearful ndienx had been said, and I was rolling 
■way toward the nearest railway station, by my 



kindly meant, but fatal to the happiness i 
tended to promote. I took up the burd- 

,!„,;.., ,„,| here them with martyr-like I 

-irivinf l.v ""■ tsimmiv 'if self, sue rilici 

have rendered them pleasures. Thuslwl 
ing nlung the track of w 



back i! 



ililul .1 



, we Ml fo 

.i, .Lilly iiiL 



spoke nf this shadow; 
ivcr separating us. I 



. looking for the i 



husband's side. 

Wa were alone with each nfher at last; the ra 
who hnl yesterday was mjr lover, bnt now was i 
husband, and I who hod only been unwilling to 
bis wife at tho moment I uttered the wnrds tl 
bound me lo him. Tho words had been Bunk 
that nulled as; together 



a God's 



rill. 



nd yet 



with a 



again, in ail melting love-phrase, or that wt 
yesterday would have wrapped mr soul In ,1 
delight to hear [ n soeb tones In vain I re » 
to myself, still shrinking, that In nothing iva' 
changed i lhat nnr changed relations nnly n 
him a newer, higher claim to my love. B 
eooJd not conccalfrom myself that 1 was chane 
thai I loathed, almost haled, wheroao lately l 
bestowed all my heart's wealth of purest pass 



filled Ihe still bi.jN.h,].. f, jr , ".",','", '!" 

Ihotigh ihe fiirniiur.. -1,1-1 ii - 
from my city home, bad t^Z 

lastefnl as that purchased arid orrai 
I was really grateful lo him for Ihi 
tenderness thai ho had manifested in prccurl 
home, and 1 tried, sotting before umelf ever nil 
gupdne,., lo win back Iho old love 1 hU r! . . 
« the days B0d weeks passed, each cor,, 

gifts of lore are spnnt _ 



ighlfu 






ileu bis, ooly with a 
is of this 



[age, and though bi 



-in in..; :ii 
n 1 saw him 



to toll how this inherited right of the feminine por- 
lion of Itnmnnlty, to preserve inlaet tho precloui 
pearl of purity, is shadowed forth in the mythology 



sentcd the child's avoidance; and though in hi 

tears over the loss of Kdwy's love, there wer. 
periods when ho sought tbe trembling litlle nni 
with furinuslnoksnndfi::irliil m.i.1.,, nn.i r.'ini.i ll'-l 

blows upon tho lender shrinking framn o 
child, and once— oil, fatal day l-in n fiercer a 
of his drunken fury, lie dashed his clenched band 
full in the sweet, sad, uplifted fnce, and felled our 
darling lo Ihe ground. Bui when he saw Iho child 
lying there, with the blood streaming nvcrhis pale 

him, and eursing bis vile frenzy, ho fled from tho 

(to ■■ eanauEO.) 



:r their cradles, 

as through the long watebe 

uraed for them deeply and k 



niijlit 1 v.uiild bear his sigl 
.jedj a word of fyiii[ii(l.j •..: 



ecious hoyJ" And Ir 
ben I am nl the off 

speaks lo roc «o kindly, .in.: 



■ as dearly ni 

i piiii.,ii, ,j 

— 1.13 link- IV 



oma best." Then I 
ost, papa or roam 



you both more than I can measure." A, 
h sweet childish answers I was fain to I 

had another source of quiet happiness. 

that Claude Iiasting"™ taYe'our inrn^'c! 
"•"'—heard my bu-hand mention thr lad i 
.-.nt ..:l.-itI.,o. I knew lhat ho was v 

■■1. ii. '!'■.. 1N-.1....1 ivid.jivcl niuih.ir, m 



'~ , j" n ' ' '" ,1 " '"""■v.if., hil.l I,!;,;,, hi,,,;,!,,.,'. 

on i- if C "J 0B ?I blli |'* J of ° wife. Claicl.; [I,,,!,: 



Femaln FhyHioIans. 

It has been offlrmed that woman is physically 

loo frail, and by her peeuliar physical ennslilulinn 

d i~iiu.il i lied fur lli. i nr.lucu.- diilit j .jf mudic.il pruc- 

gago which tai tbo bodily strength and vigor more 
than wnuld tbo duiies of the profession in question 

scrvntioo. It Is by no means n physique of hercu- 
lean bulk and power lhat is required— if so, many 
men musl, equally wilb woman, bo excluded. 
What, then, are the mental traits of woman which, 

individuals, unfit her fnr the practice or this in 
trlnslcjilly notito profession? It is said her sens! 
bllilles are loo vivid, her sympathies are too mo 
bile, her kindness. Is cicc.-sive, injudicious, he 
courage deficient, bcr self-command wanting— ii 
short, site is too much » being of feeling, elei 
where a fair share of understanding and judgment 



ofLnclna Is hardly to bu fnnnd, a 
quoted by obstctria writers. In re 
tor yrhitb a distinguished profess 



Criun 



ii ih.,1 



mpelency to do- 
upon than lhat of any 
instances; but in the 



wards, crnwded with si 
brought like a messenger from 
consolation lo all? Can Finn 
forgotten ? Was Ibcro ercr tr 
that pnid lo her by n poor won 



ers, and bid the s 
sons of Mars foil 
mand, that from 



NURS ERY BPS INKSS. 
AND 

FRUIT GARDENS!! 

,^ AT BROOKLYN, a 

^ (Formerly annAnlonio) » 

A LAMBDA COUNTY,"^ 

Directly opposite San Francisco, 
fpllig TfELL KNOWN EjTABLIBIISKHT 19 NOW 

Fifty Thousand Fruit Trees! 

SHADE AND ORNAMENTAL TREES, 

VISES, SHRUBS, AND FLOWERS, 



ml)-. I.iizriuiri). 
v her in defion 
]cked a lores t 



le. She i 
red; she 

miJily iv, 






no lb it 



. Her 



nii.li, I 



ilfnrc. Hi 

would be so expressed as nft to work in- 
e mischief. Sometimes, unable lo witness 
deagnnynfonowho lonkcd toborrorald, 
1 fly from the scene, leaving bcr palienl 
id and unenred for. 

.pleaofindivldi 



«e found i 



.I'.ll.l: 



^ling, whose inlellccU are uover beclouded 
cing evil, but cleared and quietened tberc- 
siiredly it is not a pulseless, lideless being 



inspired by a gen 
.ion; let all 'the 



[Philadelphia Bulluti 



s purpose. Give, tl 



n honorable disiinclio 
from college bails.- 



A 'Wrjrd for tho Children. 
;rof Ihe FAnma makes tho following re- 
lint tbo correspondents write an article 
ccnslonally ejtpressly fnr children— a pmzle, a 
hort olory, a remlniscenee of school days, &c &e, 
) which wo most heartily concur. Small cbil. 
ren cannot opprecialo Iho science of agriculture 
i abstract essays, neither can they understand 
'by a paper should have "such dry reading" in il. 
as the little bny 






who i 

[(tie laugh v 



! farmi 



"Why 



Apple Tree*, 1 to 3 yearn old, 

Trees, Standard and Dwarf, 1 ti 
Cberry Trees, do do 1 it 

Plum Trees, I lo 3 years old. 

Peach, Apricot, anil Nectarine Trees I ! 

,|fciO A LIFORMIA ^A 

^^"Foreign Grapeslljp 

SjjIuA Gooifitrriei, Laalon and Hi}h-BuiK Blacl 
bcrriti, Rarphcnia, Birbtrtia, Cm-rants, $c. 

10ITNTAW ASfl, ECROPEAS ASH, ENGLISH 
AM' AMKP.ICAN BLM, L01IBARDyPOPf,AR 

.-in;:i:-i.KAF i'ni'LAi;, silvi-ip.-ij-: \p ' 

MAPLE, LA11UHNUM, WEEPING 

1VILL01V, AND OTHER TREES. 

laser, Uahmia, Spkcat, Bealsiai, Euom/mimi 

Allhttia, Chrytantlicnunit, Jfplks, 1'hloKi, 

5>rrnjM, /-co/nVs, DuuLU-FlvBcring At- 

monrfj, Doub]--F hairing AppUi, 

Dtmbk-Floiccring Cnnrirj, Japan 

.no ^v<-,.\^M\oCn r \?i'Lt\\su'vi\r.a ■'n:i i - '.';',!; 
■"-'■miii'~ v.. ..-.nJi:.,. rri'HN..ii ,„ C -, L „ ,| Jkrj " 

•~1 { FOUHVE1H..! 1. M.M...ili . II -: 

At the Lowest Prices, for Cash. 

ALL FERBOM3 WHO WANT 

ARQAINS IN TREES 

lavhedlo all or wnd inch- order- inim'.-ihiTnly V 

SHELL-MOUND NURSERIES. 

i<h for Tieoi of tbo bai qmllij 
illnbls Undj, aro Informed Ihtt 

Two Hnndxerl Different Varieties of Fruit 

•Vcru ripi'Dcdoi 31JELL-.MOUNII Jorki! Urn jeur l&B, ft,, 
TWEL\T3 PRE11ITJ.MS WERE AWARDED 
7 lbotWifonlI, jt 11 .^^«™ l s ^;;'r. ><£> ALmeda Canal, 
IVO DIPLOMAS II 



.mpted h 






1 dollcutcly modest. Won 



nao of 



claim, 
manliness. Tho father turns away in sbivc 
and can not look nuou the death-throes of his 
child. Tho mother holds il in her arms, pillows 
on her ho.'om, and would not forsake It ihcn for 
heaven of Joy. Tbo last scenes of the grant dram: 
acted near two thousand years ago, are full f 
bcniilifnl siguifir.ii,..,-. Neillmr Il-nne's brutal bo]. 
ili'-ry, nnr .1 ..- r il ■= :i 1 ..-tu "-= iii,,,l.jii;- r.iVitpIc, could rorci 
u-aiHao to desert ma JlaarEji in his hour of irla 

"■ mi ihaL HtJ in horror or in cravcii "'^If'-rt'.irJ 
ii: .lr.,.,.1.^ K .)r. ;: .i„l .Tit, „f„ii K ., ir .i, „ p|) ' n] | tli bt ] 
aya'paihctk' ih!' 'ITui :A "— n "- '•'"<■>. tin 

beau^ b of&ieX' M : 1 ;: , ; , '^; : ^ l ' |ll ; l:ll ' 

self-sacrifice, if need he Tha. n!nn due" not "^ 

'- uiiiv.-s-.ill;.- ...ri..'..-,M7 T'l'u'vurv'i, ■'■,',','■■ J '"'i 

if feeling, iiUl, '(,;,", 



!!.■■ Iiinl...-1 .|i 



r.il.l,.., 



: \Vhnt is that ray child 7" "Why, don't yo 
aolher 7 Thai is saying which of us can el 
igltest on trees oud gel tho biggest appln < 



alwnye catch the fatest pip; when they get ir 

Editor of father's paper don't over say a i 
about our colls? They lalk about Cao hoi 



First Premium for 1 lie Best Sarsery 



.K/STK 



which uM Ins 
Wo hope so 



hills this wlafi 



;bnraclor. Why not some t 
frilc us about sliding down 
ih-ntine on tbe ice, Ac 7 Let 

ihotl etory of a trunut boy, who bad tononnii ,nw, 
iffanflsloy in tho woods alt day, 



mtillatod sohoo!-r 
id eyed by a yet 
whipped at night, ft 
■ ildish nature, wbi 
'ays right and 1 



n hard h 



bis heart. But with rare delie^cy he re 


wi^'h ■ ?"■' L ' 1,illlr ' ; ": ' ,l 
m in. lni..:nu=o he does not 


bt"nnwTet^ot D r„h l ::^:;:, lli ,r l l - 1 ''- 


n i.ik Hilling things whi 






io' , Bce J nea t nf'dLi" j p, " U " l * nbrqod . 1( " 


h> ill.. „it]„ r . IJulfor'her 




inina freshness anil pqrlty ui 

'■ '" - l|,:l ' y ful iiiin.l.," j. 

..iho defiling blight, of ma 
de |l'»ey of lfll.ii;, , 



' ■' 1, '"l«V.r.: t Z^ir«°m«| 1 ^ p™^- ^wo and 

I ' "" ra,| e I'llV.,11! in, „.i„, -„_ _,:..,. 



:<■ i. ,vi,l,.|j. 
tiers of pre- 

i Li- in.lnii. 



:lanoflb D 
"ii-li (bnt 



P«B«VbndXcTunien"n?ed d maT 1 ' :r ,? f r"' 
d.eases peculiar ,o women. S tuId^Tl 



Inqulrlea Anawored. 



All and evorylhing of this klui 



espondeuUoftbeFAa^meiin, [ll0t , C3 , 



"" ,1M "-' 1 '"" s ""'.".^..Lr.-ii, ,,!■„, ^ 

'-';'■ l>. Wing A .:.,, c : , lif , , . 

W«% approved of for making Z}l ,, 



HOPE NUESEEY, 

'^C^ CITY OP SAN JOSE. l||ll 
T3. T. ^- U ^. M s 

Would rosroolfolly Inform his former patrons ;mdih 

pnhlio- 

Tha! ht hat for mlt tht coming ho-tou of 1 853 and 60, 

A LARGE STOCK OP 

FRUIT TREES! 

IN QHEAT VARIETY A SCPEfttO R 

QUALITY, 

or Sorts anil Eileot of Variety. 
TO GIVE ENTIRE SATISFACTION, 

He has also Enlarged his Hnrsery and In- 
creased hia Btoofc, 



Than Tveeeor Ibosamo Si.a and Quality 
OAH BE PfJROIIASED 

In Iho respectable, nnrferles In tho All nnlio States. 



C. I, ,.. j, , ; " '■' "•"•■••><• :vc;..|„,...i,i,:l 1,14, (lir 

'■'■■;;:-".' l \.; ,'„ ■■ -■■>'."' b 1 '*" 1 *" •"" 

i'b£!5{h SS/btMi?"" 1 "^ " '™^ 

S ' Sm D- T. ADAilS. San Jose. 



A Re ripe j. 
Take one n 



i ConK-Bniin wiruoui 
Soon Milk. 

ood corn moal and pour 
boo add one pint of wheat 
wo tablespoon fills of mo. 
"or as will mix It Qui i 



™l.nr. , , ° VCn nnd bnko il for font iionra 

- _ Rofli. 

B"!*. ......„,„ m.uini., Son j 



BLACKBERRY_PLANTS, ETC. 

Blaokberry PlnntB. 

•or of ihe« p, f;^™ ( p™ia«d p„it wWeb lB0k 

Tramii^orijo^iVe;;^;;;.';;; ! « , " s 'i ? 

QooBBbexry Biuhes. 

Hooqlilon's Senium., nno T „ r r ^ ,„ „ 

" t wn ? .. "'""SX. ■ . . •» 5 per 10* 



ituby„::™"^;;;; : 

Salmoiiborrj Pl anta, 



Strawberry Plants. 

"Old, 



S i WILLIAMS, Kn. 7S 
ISAAC. 1 !!. RullyoKD. 



a RANCH WANTED. 

^or^e^'l'^V'i'^'' "■" 
*Unr, by ,Uilr~L a o. vv.°a, V™™ oeSl 



THE OALIFOBNIA FAEMBE. 



23 



Torn Kctirst or rut SiiS,— According to the 

N f. Tri'i snc Almanac there will he flloUl eclipse 

Oftht sue on the morning of the 18th July next. 

^^Etl be visible 09 a tolnl eclipse, on 'he Nortb- 

^HtPsriHe const, Hudson's liny, on the canst of 

^abtdilemneui, and as a partial eclipse, oil over 

■!,.■ United St.il«— in most uf tbr Si.iill.er.i St-itc.", 

'.OUl. Ai t!ic moment of obscuration, Vtenf, Jlcr- 

ilyof lie tun, prciviiliug n rbntnbuidol, Sgai 
ThBpnsitiuuuf these planets is thus described by 



s, 33 degrees ; at llercu 



Where 
ibat thiy 



probable that some uiLLinsa of years will clop 
before iliv.:..- lunik-,- n-ill nguin occupy the same • 



ing delicate rubrics. To chemistry we must lot 
for the mn«t perfect ekvofinij processes; lint LI 

del upon or (i.TMliiiie tvilli (he dirt, v.itlluul .illf 
I ingthc fiber nf the clothing. 

The irflshcrn-omon of Berlin Tn Prusfin, use 

of f:il-ic,i :ii.ini.n- r.-r : l| mined together. Tbii mi 



jlb.o 



Tbo 



:r night in 
Jay washed. Tbe inoit dirty cloth is said thus 



NURSERY BUSINESS. 



10 0,0 00 

FRUIT TREES ! 



SAN LORENZO NURSERY! 



| »dJ me well adapted to tliii climate, embracing tbe 

CHOICEST VARIETIES 1 

Auo-nWABF PEAE OH ANGELS Q.TJI5CE 

Pejich, Nectarine, una Fig Trees ! 

CALIFORNIA ABD FOREIGN 1 

<3r3? £*.■& o-vinee ! £i§3r 

RASPBERRY, CURRANT, *|ssp 

AND ROSE BUSHES. \ty 

nil irwi art trained with low loro, In of thilty 

, CROWN ENTIRELY WITHOUT IRBIGATIOr!. 

An of which hIII bo Hid ot greatly reduced price* 



GOLDEN-GATE 

3sr xt si s u n. t 

Corner of PoiirUa and Folxtm elreeU, 

|3j% S^f PBARC1SCO. nu 

j-HAttDV EVERGREEN SHRUBBERY, 
^CBEBS-DOUSB PLANTS, 

HVKRGREEN CLLUDING YINEfi, 

n SSo varieties, including fine slondnrds, 

DAHLIAS, FUCHSIAS, CARNATIONS, 

Flowering Plants f or | he Garden. 

LEU-HOUSE, AND CEMETERY. 
Flint, Mrofolly packed Tor tht Interior oe for oinoft. 

<^\£t™£$£ '"""^ "' ■*"■ Dn """'■ 

TV- C. WALKER, Proprietor 
Golden Gala Nuraerj-. 



Rare Hardy Plants, 

i HA HOLM OftAHDIFLOKA, 3 

|,| ' l ' |i|:l;1| :i':'-i™.i,-v-r™, 
CELESTE FlO-^lrdaWruil-fromNo-Orl™*, 

una codes on oh ahboreuh, 

PlTTOSPOHOHB-juDdm^^Mnusl white (™~ 
AIUUCABJA ] UBR[CATAr 
AIUrjrjAllM BID WILL II, 
AltADCAIUA EXCHL8A. 
E*«L1J5|| UUIUSL, 
LAUHJKa AMAUDlEft-noelflronjc 
KETEOaiDEM)B-««-l-:-.,r :>.,,:k 
OinUu, 
8BIUnjDA OttASS-ltOOTa, 
IT Salt « u, e GOLDEN CATS NUSSEBY, earns 
sf Fonrui (md Folioa itr«ti. W JO 



HOTEL INTERNATIONAL, 




Jackson street, abOFe Montgomery, 

SAN FKANCISCO, 0.A.X1. 

FIRST-CLASS HOTEL ! 

THE TABLES OF THIS HOUSE ARE 
UNIVERSALLY ACKflVWZEDO-ED TO 
BE THE BEST ON THIS COAST. 

THE ROOMS AND BEDS 



UPlrst-Olciss Hotel, 

IN EVERY PARTICULAR. 






BUPEBIOa I 

is ConhQ-uo as to all of the most Popular 
Pieces of Amusement, the Principal 
Thoroughfares, the Fashionable 
Promenades and Steam- 
boat landings ; 

DESIRABLE STOPPING PLACE FOR 
FAMILIES and SINGLE GENTLEMEN, 









der>l>itcd, AtlEKT FOR 1 



"mil Xt 



«wao, moo nlW it,- it.l ,,,,.,: \fi,,„ ,". H :ii,.':i „, i,,„ (i , 
tlllel er pu.oi-J. n ? t'>uld I™. Imtne'lUlcl; mijij Kith 

Finn.— For Voceloble Dritljt.lt. honld be mliodiltb 
twias lli weight of wood or c-al iL-beJi the siiiTore 
■ bonld lie iilieed bclcw tie «td. iuid Rinig 1ji, v . „!-.-., 
bull >n incb In tbkltiigfft-lmervtpg bclvrei. (Ii.ii. Jl 

|; '.',",:. i -' i i - : "' i - i - i ;"' i " i ""mY bo ™" nbr '"" ,c " l ' tt1 " 1 

Sixth -For M rtali,ra|TVbe*t,B«lBj l Oii.bi»naConi 1 
frt.uj four \; live biir.trej r „ n.J. j., F „„,., ,„, n l,r-,.|- 

linbl rand,, '(,, erovolly toil's, n lc/, quamn'; ■':,■■" 
oftener reno.cd, ia; Ibtto Iv har hnn.lrc I p,iundi o«r, 
otbor year Tbe raree dlreelk.ru] will n,,,.!; |.. „-,, ,.' 



r:<J..t.j.,f|.ri lu-H! ,--,<:■.. il„- J,, ■,,.„,, ■.,„! Itie 
r irill _:!.,: : .r. tr.^r.— . , j ,i,U J. .,,11 r,:,l.,- 
'■,,'iil'.-i ..i„-rln,. wnnyloiho Slate It 
.-.■!>■!.- sm.!. i>„.r„Ti n-atrrlnwhclerom. 



FIRST PRE MIUM FOUHDERy. 

"WM. H. MOORE, 

San Franelseo Brass and Bell FonnrJeij, 



NO. E3 HnLLEOK STREET 



de^jtpUoai inndt 
foppo- /«.«,, At. 

Gauge Cocks, Cylinder Cocks, OU Globes, 
Steam Whistles, Hydraulic Pipes and Moziles 

FOR MEilNO PURPOSES. 
WT COUPLIHQ JOIMTB of »J1 ^„. j„ |, 




GRAVES & WILLIAMS, 




0ENEBA1 COMMISSION ELERCHANTi. 



Self-adjusting Post-Driver, 

A valuable Implement forFarmerB, 

HYDE'S PATENT SELF-ADJUSTING POST- 
H|-.ivi:i: iw.o,i.,.-i, i , tl „.,. U ■ 7-,1,,-n.- 
■,..i,t:,„r in FfoVlM'.nUii:.!.; Ilic Inminsr wurku 
if. ,. -■■ir..-ir..r f ■'].,-. t,„ ],.„,,.: j, ,r!f-ad]n,tln|r nn un- 
• veni.T billy l.,t.J I. I, ■,. i... „ „-,,! un bill: where It 
livl |,il.:-h,i,HN|,v.i,|, , ,..':i. ..-,, . 
.. r un ui.r.-iru,-! .„.,■. I li- c.,., |..illit.,„r.o "n (be drum, 



. Tfll«o (bo hlratnor, aorl on lift.,,.- rt.- f-.i 
■vi;r the .kin!, j. f,:,. ... j ,!,.,.,,■(,. 1,1 ,ln ,, ; ., 



ji.POL 




(".'.'RA.-.IKJiTU. L 



inoblcd coo to [.»/ So^TSdred CMU^n^*o I).i!lS 
throocb all ni) lulfi-r.-e [,.,[„.,■, 1 ..„-.il,l nl-a ,;;,(, „,u 

DniggUl In u*i° tl™. ° P " 

Perion. in Iblicooneclloo will plea«ohiorTO that there 
I; m lOOtb dlfleterrf.- h-u-. c en n IiliiJIIlll nnd n DRUQ- 
OIST a* there 1. bclwoer, a Drucvln and a Doctor, and 

nKDt.iiDJ/1 nod Ih^owbo h«™d«oltd' , tl'i< ) ir J Sholo 
ei to It. To tbia laUer clau I hu> th. honor to beleni. 
riDrtloainediny bnilncM in Ibe Atbnlie State., and 
in engaged, in laid builneiu for the lutelgbtoan yean. 

Bollwbe that lire l> iweet to all, and that tbo people 
w (b to know wberj they ein »t (ddr |.re.,-ri,,t|.,ns filk-J 
wlth.afety t w.ll hcroaflor fill them for 

Half the Prlro U.unlly chaiat.l 

»' ■"KTeVffiSM IgBSKBl '"■ * 

BEST plfico In Cdliliirnk [.. .,!■; li.-, '..,.■■■.,, v.-.' ', i '-,•." 
ODD and STI'.AM, j. ;,,;,. .:..■. .in'l =, V oolr.lly (o 



itWuobotneioboldtb 



KBDIOLSESATCOST 



naroafteiBB will dr 



|i Oikii nit Niciiti 

rmodleleoithanlnlhotlr 

«o In lndliint olremailan 



[he future, in. S,„ :. 



dlltttbnLo >.-|ii.illy ,[„!., i 



" " ■ ' I I ! ■ 



Wo liniwrt nearly all .ifoor rioodi. Wo Ihlnlc wo know 
b°w to Ira]*,! thota, and how to „n 1Up „, w , Jl(l , , b 
liuLllo a,i to price and qoa ty At all oronu bI™ in > 
calLaodWE'wiLLTRY * i, »""™u.li»n 1 a 

"■ u J. L, POLEflMUa 



EDUCATIONAL. 






ACADEMY OF NOTRE DAME, 

S .fl. 1ST JO SE3. 



f- m-:tii anmiiaf. -■! -«n'is - ■■' 






DAY SCHOOL. 
Tiere la a Day Ecl.ro! attached to urn Academy for the ( 
cniioceof [hr«e pfircntnln (he nrJchnnrboudwIinnnypri 
hat their children *fluuld retuni hoeno every day. 

Tiiiiiuir, IiieIliIIiic the limuclie. •peclllod. 



SANTA CLARA COLLEGE. 

SESSION OF TE 
n MONDAY, Am 



nedlelneo, (unleo 11 > 
in ea» of ,i,.lr„,-n.) p. 



Payment- to be (nude b-lf a .t-.di.n in ndeanco, 

r'..r further information nt.nly 10 tho Preiidcnt of 
S.u.ln Clara C-lle.re. S.i.i- I fl.i'r,. Till .or to Ror. A 
.'.!:. r,L,, In .s ,1 . St K-natuir' Cbureh, Mnrkcl jtreot, be- 
tween Poorlh nod Filth. .San Fruoiieo. _ 2 



HULL, KNAPP & Co 




OREGON FRUIT 

AND 

PEOBTJCE1I 

\u. SO v.nsi>iiii;Uni street, 

BEAB FRONT, 
SAN FRsWCISCO. 








SEED, PLANTS, &c. 



To the Seed Trade, 

t HAVING TUB LARGEST AMD MOST EX- 
9 SEEDS 

I 10 mpply Daalon on Iho mU!t fororablo lortnJ. 

Our American Seeds 

• lib few olccc-llons raised nndor ouronn ImmcdialO 
i.-l*lon, and wo con waimnt Ihom u Fint-alui in 



Dutca 


IClIlllOIIS RoolH. 


Uj/adnOi, 
Cm 

b had of o 


Talipi, Eotynnthia, XareuiuO 
cat, Crown fmptrioh, #c., 

lo ([root Knrioty. 
r. CATAi.ooDEajtut publtahcd, nhlth may 
nr Aiont, MH.'TUOMAS DAY, IBS Mow. 
el, San Fronclfco, Cal. 


J. 


ml 


TUORHURrV & CO., 


7&n 


On 


IS John street, 



GARDEN AND AGRICULTURAL 

SEED WAREHOUSE, 

Ko. lOS CAL.IFORSIA STREET. 

eSS TO THE SEED TRADE. j|r 

Wd bitro tlio litrgcat and most varied assortment of 

FRESH FIELD AND GARDEN SEEES, 



ALFALFA or Chile Clover Seed, Fens ; 

Bed Ulf.v.r; Timothy Grass; Ecd-tt 

Ky. Dluo Grass ; Uungnrion Orasa ; 

Uillel ; Orchard Grass ; Ryo Gra 



FRUIT, TREE, AND FLOWER SEEDS, 
Budding and Pruning knives, Garden Tools, etc, 
[gj*" Calaloenei forwarded on AppUcoUon. 
Boxes of 100 Faperi— Put up by ourieirca, am.itcd, ror 

A Liberal discount mode lo the Trade. 

Wc have all kinds of TREES and PLANTS, 



New 


York Seed Warehouse, 




SAN FRANCISCO. 


C. L 


KELLOGG- & CO., 


Garden, 


Fiower, Fruit and Tree Seeds, 


5H 


OR SALE, OF LATE IMPORTATION, a laryo 
;ci"l BUi.BOIjJJ ROOTS;"' 




SafflS™*"' ' 


15 


|EP'fl FESCUE:' 




T033ji.CC;0. 




Seed w £L2*Gjb.o'UJEie ! 

(BSTABLISHBD IN 18S0,] 
S . W . MOORE, 

No. 110 California st, be t «eon Manteomury i Snnfonw. 
SAN TR4HCISC0. 

KITCHEN-OAHDEN, FIELD, ELOWEH, 
FRUIT AND TREE SEEDS 

IN CALIFORNIA, INCLUDING 

SO.OOOn.B. Pore Alfelfa or Chili Clover Beer], 
of the xeir chop. 



.-■I In Mill..: . rJ- a r..r S-.i.l, ..iid [eti'iiiijjip lor tboume. 
r>I ..ill h" rn ,.li- ... [(I.: d.-.i". I'.mieLil.r rid. n.; .:■. [\ . 



if;:.';,;,: 



„l r,J II, I ul 



Who Wants a Farm Cared For? 
AS r — 




34= 



~^T-m nALIFO BKIA FABMEB. 



j OVEHLAND MAHi. 

EleoUon of Speaker- 

B T the Ore-laao Mail and telegraph <° 0" A ' U """ 

Fresno, the topori.nl new. was B«l«J that *« ° n E 

conlr.il in lh° United Slates Rouse of RejOTMnUlms 






oold nations;.. 
«n lod t< '" 



, T ' i, '';7; n; :;„",; l i,''n'; : ; , M^ : i. , n!^, »; gu- 
&->k»,S=' J "'™ a,, '' p "- , " s ~''-' 



jtoenilthenltcolionoflhot 









b«D elected, and. nothing is in 

Toe Clerk Kulniotd Mr. Up-.ii iiigSfli'in. »n-l "l 1 " 

KTntod Ham Booock noil Sbcra.au I" DOBdnel -Mr. 
nninelon to the chair. Thc« Kcnllcmcn . nl 0DC = 
entered upon lit performaneo or their datuw, nod 
l -;;,ri.;Jl.i!iitoih««b»fr. 

Mr. Fbelpi being tbe oldest repre.'enlM.vi ■■■■■■ '-■' ■■'. 
r. J raiols [en-..] Iboustb W lh; S|umI:.:', t'.v iv-|ii.:--t "I tlw 
Clerk. Tho members were mora in bj Jologations. 
The Pa«niiuier Geooral hu decided to |iieonUnm 



The Harper's Fcrrv Investigating Commitli 
beenrUMharged. BaiolorWiHi- '■-■■-■ 
denied en j too., led go of Broiri 



i.:i!i,C.». 
if"miKhiti"Th7cominlUM ilonr furnishing n 



Scpehb Gavclliih.— A. sale of Terj superb Cut 
lUioa from Smith's Garden Sacramento, look place 
early Ibis week, nl U. A. Cobh's auction n 
Tho bidding was spirited. Prices ranged trc 
to$i, SG.orSlOeocb. Another sole takes 
tomnirow. Everybody should buy. The; 
rich and gorgeous plants. 



■ Bin We I. lU U .:■■!:■■'■■ I-'. ~-; |, j' 

Ho. 1 A Hew Rotary Snhsoil Plow. 



A tSr n« i»S\aln»!ilii Implemei* 

If 0.3. An Improved Olothei Heel and Bar. 

Tfcb Talcib!'' .]-ir:.-^;- |.:.- .-'''■! in:*-.-'-- nTi !|- n'-J i r. ll 
TjQUdcrv. [be K.I ■:: -r.. t^- N i r- .-.-> .. r i" ! :. r.,!.T, L r. 1 ■: -.ri i 

£(M*lii£ MuhlncH ; tin; when uied ud ornjtm^Bl*] ratten i. 






flrtirnoi In pnrtin*o «lltcT CtiLDIr, Ltty. T">-iJ, i r I:::!..:-! 

Hljebu. qui do w on aupUculao to 



Wholesale Produce Report 
escnu the price" paid by the draler 
I wwlllr b T Loomli «t Miller, Consular ■■' 
,VbS?l ivUingtou .mar, am ftiwdic*! ^ 

■rni, ' l > " , ' v -;!;'.' j Pl '|'' l ,: '"',-,i.'- 1 !? ,1 | ''i-ir-'i',-, i':- 
.v.' 300» S3oJ do d°Can>lln. -S^ 

rS;t,..;\ ".~:'it'>o '-'l^'^-r-' ;.«".. *•■» 

■■» I I- ■ ■- ' ;'. 

Cormnnil .. '■ '■"'? : |: " ,1 '-"- >*!-i-k 

"." ajc* I relief*' n 1."." ^ ' 

tij Rluj & r*uwct!, ^^sshin^ton Mfir^eT,] 
?.'.' lia M I cJ™V*a ...."«*•«« 

;,."',!..•■..-■" iu 'v'jJ° ■■ '" 3 J^ 



Bon FMHolseo Call)* BarllB ? ^, nl ,_ 93. 

Tko Cotlle market clows dtmiaodiy dull, (hern bring 
awSeclinrd, both 00 tbe hoof and drtMed. Veal re- 

Avernge Slanghbircra" Prices: 
Brtl— Ameriean, flrft qualltj IOe@ I2f e ; 2rl qoilily 

,,, (1; ,,. : ;:,l., l ,. i lii,v_: i c!..,l\-. Spanish, lit qUfll.S @To; 

Jl VrV!-n"r-;^',liiV l niS,lk.,2dr ( nalltrTe@10e. 
Iluii— ■■<• ll..? Ij.-.-i" jl.-i.i -■■!.■; lir.-MSi.-l.riiU'C- 
MiiTir,s-Jn-.-.- t :l, HJ.-ln, In.:. n.-.-'T.linS ll. ([UilitT. 
Mii.-ii Cuiv.-— I'l iiutslilj 1 fi'-dl'i.SSlj 2(1 liuolity 

SllfuSO'); :ld .[unliiv SJi(a,34S eaeb. 
Hone Mnrl-ti. 



isUng af Spanish lion 



cty :,, thirty H«Ti 



a, both for Team and Cn 






Ealail Prices at Washington Marhat-Feh. M. 



£..... ( .»d<iz^!.Je 



Utrlle. *>B> 
Dr, 0*n. .... 
a mm I, 9 do. 



, j i^v.»IjH 



Rod P>p-xr» V » * 

SrWUeToT"".." '.'. " i 



Hporntoi f> II 






Extra. Size Lawton Blackberry Plant;. 

tllKkUfrriy Vi am , STc ^ ' nira ■Sjp.'micJi M "i!l".l .".' 'ir!. 



Vtu CeUn .« 



Ii':.-| '. .r. ,:.:-L:|' !■' r./'.-Qy |.[ !!,-■ .-...■ .. ,' t '.; . .■;.;. 

<:r f !„;. /f..i,». ;.,... /|..,,.l ,,-f .. .1; ,.:,:.. ,.f /.,,... ^ /..-,. 
'■■ f ' ''-'-■- '■■ ['■'■■■., '•' .--. --J '-' I.'.'.J', i.D J y.Tj 1,,nn .. 

^.^.i^^ilT ii[.l.tulJnc 1c public [.ITL.T, Tijjttl Lit usnaci] In 
repuU^in w^ kill.' u^.^ir.^l I ..:,] !■ L- i.-.-t tr...-.n ■ r 
c [ ^rL-r_--l ',- i 'I .. jr I n,.-.r 'rr;.,- |. I, .■!,.;,-; -*ta barebrta 

licTS** Pbidt^to Clo«m Victoria lLUEi.cn. i 
C0S8DHPTI0JI C*H BK CUBEDI 

j.'-^.-l, ,'...'l : I?. ,i .t!:: l1 .h,: .. -^ :■ .- r. ■ r K ■■!... :l .,,.h . I, - r . :r .. 
T: O'.' .■':■:::!' I Lieti-.:-1l-.i.- r. ■..!■: 1-, .? ,.i„-^u, n || ■-. 

W.™'* '''"■'T. ft™«a«i »od (/iai!el rcul, c« 



(Hom.ni UlLauid, EoMnn.'JLu.. 



'•*■- ■■-.. t' i Jl' . 






J. E. BAY, 
SEED AND NDHSERT DEPOT, 

No. 10G J STREET, 



SACRAMENTO, 



TREES, SHEOTJEBRI, AKD TINES. 



To be found la iho Hlste, eonslitlos of orory Tarloly nf 
Almond, Mulberry, 

Apple, Neclnrine, 

Apricot, Poncb, 

Blackberry, Pear, 



Cher. 



Plnr 



Strawberry, 
Gooseberry, Qninco, 

Grape, Raspberry, 

Ilc.i.lM a iwd >t»k or SHRUBBERY and SUA 

TKEKSJorboautlfjiashoinM. 

a *s s a a a 



SHADE TREES, 

For sate this season, conslstlne of- 

10,000 Locust Trees, 
1,000 ChinB, Trees, 
Lombard y Poplar, 

. MotintaJn A.h, 

SlaijDolia Acuminata. 

Tacolher with 

Elm, Linden, 

Ash, Weeping Willow, 

Mnplc, Arbor Vila;, 



a, by u 






SEEDS! SEEDS! 

The ctemrivo SEED DEPARTMENT contains a 






railed under my own inporiL 

lo hare Seeds Treo from miitai 

seeds cold is, with praper earn 

prodoco rrhat is marked on tho label. 

Hop V inn, Bhnbarb Roots, Asp&rogni Plant ', GrapB 

Cu in asi. Dablla. Boots, 
And OTerythin r apperlalnine to tho Seed and tfnnery 

ARTrCUOKES, CUDFAS-arsiclei Jcforriot; special 

Dealers will bo uppticd on the aa,l liberal terms. 



HUNGARIAN CRAPE SLIPS. 

■ndluijorlatipnof- 
fS.finhiidji* 



selectio 

Twenly-ODo of (he Choicest Tarielics 

Of tabto and wine grapes, suitable forool-do 
lo ovott reeiion of the United States, will be n 



Daserlpileo Calalo B oes will be forwarded, by addra 
^, . „J0nNE0LBER. 



HOP ROOTS. 

THOSE DESIK1KO TO Eh'GAOE In that Ineratlie 
bu>lnr.u-HUP CULTURE, no. otellleg so ranch 



CHOICE GROCERIES. 

New RalilDi, Citron, 

ODRRANTS, FIQ3, PRDHE3, Aa 
For ule a 



9IACKBRBL, Tonprueti and bomdiIh, 

OnOICS BtlTTER, 4e, In Kits, 



JelUea, Jmm, 

PRESBRVE3, FRESH FBDITS, 

ESOLIfltt BADOES, Ao. 

Forul.aL 



Comet Teau, oia Cov'm't Java, 
Costa nica, ana Rio Coflee, 



Highly Important Hewa ! 

DRY" GOODS! 
h. bach m an 

labatt'bros,, 

lilO Kl'llm KTItEET, 
At . jro.. mdocdon 01 eal. and™*, g, M tim „ a to lba 

Hid Silks, Shawls, Dress Goods, Purs, &c., 

~tkh if ^tectnl -lib .trot care it ti,n IniTr.t mnrk.i 
""■"?d^ now r««j|)..cd bIIILb; io glrc lib. tiuL<,nior. 

S^Eaeh Dapartmenl la now complete. 
S-LLLcs f sUlis ! 

^"^jj"-!''' 'O parebaM i (MLK IiltKBS an fled o 

Black Bilk! ! SiKb u I!l.Mpi.°.t«l Crown 811k, war- 

Bbawli and Cloato, Silk Velvet Olooka, 

Emtnoijeries ! n™ .nd rich „u. 

V.lcocioB Loco eat, etc. etc 
GOODS, 
OIOI'EH, a conlpleteauortrnent. 



M, II,,,. Y,Li.li«l,. tn .,- u :-., mil, 



.1.1 hiu joHlb-er, :. 1 t,lf.„*l' l ,„|| i ; 



L r«ACTI.:*L BHP.KP I'.lllMPlFl,,!' "\. ','',:'"'"."," 









Ferrets. 

VERMIN DESTROYERS. 
A P m,M ?Jr. S e'ie I ' ERl0R PBB KETa (Male aod Fe- 

Apply at the OEee of tbe California. Fanner 



Porchajefl at tho Highest Market Hates, 



FOR SALE CHEAP, 

A RANCH AND GARDEN. 



tloa, bsifoi ill klndi ul VejrtaUla, 

Three Hundred Choice Fruit Trees 



SHAPE-VINES. 






WOOL, HIDES, and SKINS, 

Purojaaaed. 

AT TOE niQHEST MARKET BATES, 

LONING & PUERSTEIN, 

BO FRONT STREET. 
!*»"»* r W , E ,V' K A, - S0 ''"KPAIIED u ra., libor. 
TfciEf I., ll'-,", V.jV, "' i >,." '" .'.^ '", ,'lv [ ' ' ., ' I ,' '= "" r '"""'I- 

'"nil Loliiricf i'pn'tir.-n'i:!, 1 ' 1 ' 



HENRY KASTAF 

jrps*f M Cnlirornu si™,,, Vp euxiti ' 

Wool, Hides, Skins, and Fure. 



FARM STOCK, &o. 



FINE STOCK! 



fiieS 

TaOBOVGn-BRED STOCK 

SHORT-HORN DURHAM CATTLE, 

Pure FRENCH .MERINO, SDUTJJOOWN end COTaWOLO 

SHEEP, 



.1 -r ui- hf.-t 

rd'ilireeiJy 




i sunt, or bye. 

DO HIVES OP BEES, 



Pi'oucli- XVI eriuo 

gBTJCKS.J 

'l'ilt. mill. i.'L-'.i li.-.-i tu inr'-inn MIT-:r;p ItAISEIU, 
SALINAS PLALVS, AT LEESK'S RAWCnO, 



-CDL.WAHRKN, K 



FRENCH MERINO SHEEP. 

___«ii FOR SAL E— Tho undon! B ned bis On 
g^Hnodnrl Bnclii nod K,. CJ , l„ arrive, via Panr 
Cafc™". " r ^o "H Dntsl qoaliti Tbi la silshin 

ill bo notiriod when Ihoy arrive " " ' 

Srtn Franel™. 



BUCKS FOR SALE. 



SHEEP WANTED ON SHARES 



BERKSHIRE AND ESSEX SWINE. 



AMERICAN EWES WASTED. 

CnEEP-RAISERs'^havee.'lnelolor,— f* 

° AHI:ILU.:aK i;\VE.-r,.r-.,l, , ,„ hearofaaStaW 
I.N.-ll i- !f >,J o.,lli„ e o, Iho C.Lt^.-u "aoH-ICS 

iiMiti. ■■,..i-..-i-ir,-.i,,.-,i i,.„„, ;..,,,,. i. ,„., ,.,..,„.. ;,; 

nwl™,,!.^,,,,::,,,,,,! ul „ l| , riM . * K 



FULL-BLOOD MERINO BUCKS. 

t FtlV (,ill-.,l,:,:.| MKKJNCI ItAMa froi 



I appllol fur laiinullileli 



WETHERS WANTEDJ 

Persons luviMi i.u'v.i.nii.n, lalalj „„„,. 

Edh^^thi.ji'z^fv^ .r^rr^of-.f ■ ihn 



Domestic l.nvls. 

j. PHHSOfls dradioui of purenmilae ., 

f™ b ; '""P 11 ^ ">r ealMnji « til.- Fnimnr OJDce. A 

S:!.'- '■■!'■ I'li.'U 'i'Oii'nt.l ' Mill 'of Jl.' .tSUJ"! 
iluedslllO iod npir.ra. »> p.lr. Simple. ° 



, Full-blood Illcrlno Sbeep. 

r f.ir'-.i'i',' 1 'i.l'.Vr."-' /'■ini.r'r'' ',«,"'' %' 



BERKSHIRE AND SUFFOLK 
— —3 SWINE! 

.b?rS.md R ™ 8 7,'ilT,,5L, ll S fl " lir " f '"""-I"* B.*- 

SS P E£S£ b T" 



FINE HIVES OP BEES. 

A, fJOOD PBQSEHT. 
A F ifrAU™rto aSi lll i^" 11BES J "' rM0, " ld from 

nlali* Un[S ™' s NKW HIVES can be seen at tba 



L. HASKELL, 
) HIDES, WOOL IrP^ 

LSXINS AaNTD FTJRST 



Caiiiornia Steam Havigaticn Company, 



CARRYING UNITED STATE3 MAIL. 



HNI.KW' UI :i.-.|.KI''. Oni.r. K. c. M. ChadwIeB-, 
J. IIJl,\[;i"JH, Cmj.l nim.aceley; 

COItHELlA, Copt If! Conklta. 



tonnectlng with tbe tight draR .le«»er. for 

Marysville, 

Colusa, and 

Red Bluffs. 

Per farther parti eulan Inejnl re ot lie OlSca or the Ct 
JenL " "'""' """.I'v.lNl-NEY, )a„ Pre 



POLAR OIL. 

30,000 GALLONS 
REFINED POLAR OIL,] 



Porchnsnrs of Oila would do well to visit on 

BtabllrW,,.. l.— T.-l-.vin.: in .ir.r Holler «IO 



r£fl SPERM OIL. 






Pacific Oil asd Campoe 



AUCTION SALE 

JOHN C. BELL'S, 



CARPETS, 

OIL CLOTHS, 

H*)(B(pS8 f fflii! ; g4ii!j3s, 

WINDOW SHADES, ETC. 



■IJlea Sprtog Goods. 



i;.iiii'.M^,m,.:.i.,,. )rt -i,iV,;;;-,,, ;;:,„;::;'-,■,:;:;;, 

m l C j u IV T 1 Ddl1 ;" " , " 1 ' 1 " r ° ,l '-» ■;■ i.'i-i'iv viii [,k-.u 

^dixdiixv^b™!^' 5 ' clI " l "■ Rob 



MAIN & "WINCHESTER, 

T>ff A.ra"TJ j? J1.C TTIRERS 



1 



HARNESS,^ 

S AdcULtas, Bridloa, 

WHIPS, COLLARS, 
SADDLE- WARE, &C. 

No. 82 Battery street, 

Between Long Wharf and Saoraincnto itreel, 

SAiT FRANCISCO. 

H. B— ltcpalrln5pro1nptlrnltond.il to— Ooodaou. 

in,,,,. .-(.N'.-dKi) >tai:i-, i[.Mi:;i.-i-;.. -i.-dB 

STOCKS, and LA>I11^,,,| |[„. » — r ., .. ■ Mi j ,-„i,-im" 



P A I K T Sll 
SH OILS! I 
WINDOW GLASS! 

tteo., c*3o-, cbo. 

TUE MOST EXTENSIVE STOCK 

IN THIS STATEI 

For Sale at Loirest Rules, W 
D. J. OLIVER, 

OLIVER & BUCKLEY. 
86aiid88 WASHINGTON STBBBli 

ST anil HP Oregon Hlreet, 
SAIST FRANOISCO. ' 



C 0-A.L. 

A N T.'.^, ( ?. I . TK ' WEliT BARTLEV, LlVt:RPOOI.,V*l 
COUVEIL ISLAND, „„j oihiir iliscripUiia* « Of* 



i-'-..:i;.Ni 1, on baal and 



0. H. BASTtlAlJ^ 
Opptulio 



VOLtTME XIII- 



SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA: FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 3, I860. 



NUMBER 4. 



§\t BMtsuk farrow. 



Norcrosa' 


Fringe and Button Factory. 


The public 


mind 


tbcgrci 


t mags of t 


b p topic 


m so absorb 






maelstrom 






are 


mac 


on the ra 


k seeking 


out ways aai 






eh tbey co 




(be ''Open S 


same 


' b r wb 


ch a fortun 


t [9 made 


without Lib 


r, Ih 


1 they 


osc sight a 


the Rco 


Wealth that 


but 


account 


nting in ou 


country 


bj means o 


Lab 


or— the 


only true 


oiircc 


wesl la, pern) 


nenci 


and en 


uring happiness. 














Wash 


«. Wo 


uld that tb 




Work 1 and ( 




re would be more he 


Ith, more 


wealth and 




hoppines 


s nmoae t 


e whulc 


people; ondi 


IStOaU 


of the n 


minus, care 


wurnood 



While n-c see the same spirit of adventBrc in the 
ass of the people, and the same desire to get 
:h without Labor, we are rejoicing in thefact that 

ichor, (bat will feed the body, politic with arlc- 
tl blood, and bold tbo abip of State safe amid 
1 Ihoao storms and whirlpools that threaten to 
igulpb and wreck as. And this hope is rounded 
ion the knowledge that we Lave in California 



our Suite 1 


l ber Triumphal Car, to 






In every portion of our S 


ate tber 


ehassprt 


ngnr 


•Uuafacto 


csofev 


rykmd 


giviot 


steady en 


ploy 






by the 








and by the 


oassoc 


a lions 


>e mas 


cs will b 


gov 


eroed, for 


es will 


bo form 


d, bom 


•a huilt u 


p,an 



healthy prosperity take tl 
We wer 

I above. —'"-:-" 

ere in our very mid-;! 

■, no hove n Munufni 

Jmeal to about a score 
young women. (This, t 
for It teaches women to 
eat) They ere engage, 
our Stole, anil save the i 
the value of some one o 



of that feverish 
so many of the 

jiii.trui-.tod by men, 

id thoughts and remarks, by 

the Ma nu factory mentioned 



l litlpin, 



! truly Independ- 



roitd, 1 



Manufacture." 
f Tbis Manufactory 
< place to visit, and w 
• persons who desire 

California Is making 

Worsted Fringes, Bit 
rimmlngs, I 
ind in as su 
r, than they c 



two hundred tboniani 

neat fur California. Hi 
nount of Ibe "nselul" a 

y; and as these must b 



kinds of Silk i 
ns, Cords and Tumi 
:te., are made to i 



en mo 


Id, ma 


dng the finished 


Silk Bui 




, the' 






ing," a 


ml (be 


'laying np" nttb 


fine .ilk 


Is; tbe 


i (lie ] 


aklng of the bea 


tiful Tai 








J full of i 


nfinu 


ill, all 
os food 


resulting in ere 
for those who 


Labor," 



iiiion to oil these, the departraeo 
or manufacturing the rich Regalias, In oil the! 
Bristles, for tbe Orders of Masonry and Od 
lis work Is full of the most satis 
factory and pleasing interests. Hero are scon al 
"is Royal and Loyal Heraldry of "Duty, Truth 
id Love," with all (boss noble sentiments cm 
toldcrcd in pore gold and silver, by tbo hands o 
ones, who have always and ever woven fo 
le richest, noblest and brightest ornament 

a noticed several rich sets of Regalias i; 
iking for different parts of our Stall 
apcrbly rich, of the "Knlghl Tun, 



Mtle Stoles, and returning, brought 
lest machinery and materials of all 
u every desirable nrticle can now bo 
with dispatch. 
Hath ilanufocttrios as tbeio that our Bute 




, Bay District Asrloultnral Boolety. 
Last week, in connection with tho proceed! 
if tbo Agricultural Convention, wo gave Ibo ) 



resent to tho Legislature, and also n Constitution 
ir tho Su.iely. Tho meeting then adjourned till 



mibled pursuant to agreement, 

cat Daniels in the choir. 

on Constitution, etc., reported 



STAMFORD BROTHERS' OIL AXD CAMPHENE MANUFACTORY, SAN FRANCISCO. 



rnal fondness; these will "build 
e rapidly and more secure,; 
is such works as these our 



Imported Butter and Eggs, 
f thcDiaryandlheFurml 






ght add Eggs on 

he Da Etymon crowded 
:cnts, and one d 
was Californ! 
, and down It c 

10 more than i 



Iter, and by r, 
o New York, I 
lughthercin b 



I 10(10 half barrels nf (be very best Butte 
: come to us by steamers, and ibe price realilei 
mged by that which Is demanded by our owl 

euU. Nuw (he humo-mado comes down to 61 



and preferred to make Butter at 40 cents last year, 
or even SO cents this winter, oil this 1000 half bar^ 
rels would stay off; but In addltinn to this amounl 
many thousands coma by clippers also, and thus 
oat market is flooded with foreign produce to the 
Injury r the Homo- producers, who alone have 
the power to check It, and who could, by well- 
concerted action, wholly guard themselves, and 
accore to oar Home Dairies a real permanent und 



irospcrous business. We hope i 
;uarded actions will prevail ban 
Wo are glad to know that a 



Stanford Brothers. 

Ws call attention to tbo new Card of Ihu Stan 

ford Brothers, of this city, which appears In ou 



the growth and manufacture o; 
Slate Bounty? Let them giv 
the man or company that shal 



I tbo 



iugar, bynsplondld 
$10,000 Bounty < 
successfully inltt 

,t the State with tt 



luf.LCl, 



of tbe 



;s the < 



nm or 000,000,000 francs, Lot Califor 
ilors look to these reels. 

Messrs. Turner Brothers Import glass bottles to 
■n enormous amount; and nllbnngh there is a 
nufuctory commenced, wo want tho Leg- 



ecogniie 



■■.urj-.: ,il 



itrk-.i of public utility 

I knowing that the best 

in d make it prosperous i 

11 fully ei 



lufad 



•I this House * 
i.-cach ml 



tho 



quality, unrivaled on our Coast. 

Tho New Branch of their business— tho Cob 
Oil for Lamps and their Slock of new patterns u 
Lamps— escced In variety and richness any impor 
tali on v,t made, lo this State, and to their whob 
business we can take pleasure in d,iractlng pnblii 



Turner Brotnera- California Sugar. 
This Gem of many Broiheis, with tlioir Ini 
'aronuuso on Front street, Is doing n very lui 
islness in Wines, Sirups, Cordials, etc. 1 
House has a wide circuit of business connect! 
d custnm, having n large Bouse In Rocbcsl 
itherln tbo ottyof Now York, a 



empluj-m, 
u thul 






;, could be easily raised hnrc.if nor l,e 
uldonlygivoostimulusbyencourogiug 
IS. A Quarter of a million pounds of 
broad is annually osed by this Hon 
nlol And why would R D o> be worth 
lure to devise ways and means to inlr. 



Turner 'Brothers give steady c 
any workmen; keep a largo capl 
tivily.nnd tlioy help on the great 
ng up our Stoto. Their Wnrekou 




i I'll'.-' 



in of officers and other 
eetings may bo called by tbo 
lOtico of which shall begiven 
at least three newspapers nf 



Presi 



inkers or tho Society shall be a. 

n Vice-Presidents (ono in each 
iountv), a Secretory, a Treasurer, mid two Direc- 
or-, v.tio sbiill he elected at the Annual Meeting 
-rut hold iiilii.t for one year, and until their suc- 
wsors a^umc their duties. They shall constitute 
. Board of Managers for tho transaction of the 



ncd by a Bnnrd nf 



ch county shall ht 
■ ir if desired; fluid 
o County Society w' 
unty Society elists, 
Art. T. This Cons 



mil (111' ih]v:ITII:il?i:.-: ul ;| 

jatcs shall bo chosen by 
is Agriculturists, thereof. 



The following resolutinns were adopted : 
Saolved,, That when this Meeting adjourns, it 
o so lo meet at San Jose, on Wednesday, 31st of 



i fri..(i.i 



d they a 



Pot Flower*. 

A large proportion or those "Pet Flower: 
■round tbo dwellings of oar eitlrcno— (hose cull 
rated in pots — nro lost by bad management. E 

ceding, in the same way as thousands of childrc 
ire killed off— by thoughtless kindness. 



n often 






ly are dried off, tho s 
ly, while the roots ore I 
Is need core regularly; 

a hot and dry day thai 
ir than i 



(hoy need mnr 



clnudy day; more 

bloom tbaa at any other limn. Plants In 

pou should ho watered nl night fall; and those 

I on windows should bo turned round 

days, so as to give tho tight to all tides 

painted or gloicd pots; 



they prevent the evaporation of the mo 
circulation of tho atmosphere. 






Parlor- plants should bare free access t 


mlr A 


om wherein the til 


Is so confined as 


o change 


o lcnTCS or plants 


to a yellow cast 


s not til 


There Is nn better 


Health Thormomotor" than 


collection of Plant 


If tho Plants are 




o follngo of a bright green, then tbo ai 






ug boo, thon tbo a 
tanged. 


ris dls- 




pots grow ton ti 






















sacfa. Pew Plants 






in ng Plants are th 


« ewop- 



ctd, Thr 



(In- lll.U 



and ntaorfucilllu-.i fur';!,. 

After a vote uf tbaul 

SH'ting, the Convention r 

Flfiuting Apples: 



Wi: I 



for i 



oglud 



.ny yor 



Hall for the Convention 
s to the officers Of the 



tbrs Monnt^iiiri. 
been urging tho plant- 
eyarda upon our hill- 



id all up in tbe mining 
Gardens of Vegetables and Fruit 
'rcnards ore being established Bad with proEt. A 
lend calling on us from Bostwick's Bar, a mining 
eginn, informs us of complete success In planting 
n Apple Orchard, and tho prospect of making It 
ory profitable. 

Wo wish that those miners, who have been for- 
icrly among gardens and nrcbards in the old 
cTor cultivation, would 



n few 



; thi 



y well; and, besides, it would afford 
■iKii.ii. I,,ii,._. ;1 r;bacge of labor to work 

: '"' ' r "' l "o each day. A triol of 

n every mining reginn, would bo a 

A New Bea-Hlvo. 

ecelved another New Bee-Hive. It It 
Jnlo's Patent Beo-Hlve." It Is dbont 
so of LangslrotU's, having ibur oparfc- 



i needing hnwever aotn 



26 



T r r^rTrA^T^oKisriA fakmer. 



CALIFORNIA NOTES- 

THE nroiiNOLOST OP CAiaPORNIA 

Stphiutic diseases bare prorailed so coraplclely 
»moo8 «" C.lifornto tribes, f« «■• '•■» lwe f " 
6 « jcnra-tolnlins their »J*lem to that eilen 



Tbevs 



also 11 



peculiarly affected bj pnlmooorj ottoeKs, onu sel- 
dom rtcwer from them. Tboj are often found 
laltoed with a kind of bloc pigment, on the face 
and breast, which gives those practicing it a tcij 
■nplcosanl appearance. 

One of their gnat articles of eidmnge through- 
onl tbe length of Ibe State, was anlono nnd other 
shells, which thej broke and rubbed down to e 
circular shape, to tho site of a dime, and strung 
Ibim on a thread of sinews, and which thej used 
as ornaments and manor, and set tbe greatest valne 
upon. This aulone shell eichonge seems to have 
erfendca from' the Colorado to the Bassian Posses- 

Tho Indians on the Colorado and Gila were seen 
nslng these sheli-fish for food and ornaments, by 
Padre Kino and other Jesuits, in their lr»i 
1680 to 17«, froroSonoro, in their attempt* 
round tbe head of tho Gulf, and was the Brat 
proof of Kino's vicinity to tbe Pacific, and which 
made him indulge tho notion be could travel 
soon bj land to Jlonlorcj. 

The females nro almost invariably fat, gross i 
eqnabbr, after eighteen, and with dull, apaihelic, 
ineiprcssive countenanci-i, similar to tbo 
Both men and women are verj dirty 
filthy in their habits, but 



asily b 



■ ngbl D 



of wbi 



■ral limes defeated 



ihes. Ho was 

;f to bo baptised I 
of torw orus acted as mayor doit 
ilores and San Rafael JIlssloi 
i died, a few years before tho 



mded by »n old chief, nnme> 
or great bravery, nndsev 
ie Spaniards in prolrio skit 
I pacified, and allowed him 
tbeltonj ~ " 



,,f tin.- 






The imnllpoi 



illbi 



..rlblc fever-and-aguo wbicb nltocfci 
,f the Columbia River, about 1830, carried 
off thousands of his people, and cnmmitlod im- 
In the ranchcrias nnd tribes of 
Sonoma, Napa, Suscol and Siiisnn valleys. This 
fcvor-nod-BEUO lihowiso destroyed immense num- 
bers of the Sacramento and San Joaquin Indians. 
The old mountain trader, Jedcdi^h Smith, who was 
a very observing and truthful man (and withal a 
dcvootly religious Methodist), stated to Captain 
Conpcr, between 1837 and 1330, that this distemper 



naied 51 



M. Of tl 



i-nlo 



.nd,- (!..■ 



r while ii 









isework. They 
the last, however, loose, lory, careless, 
childish aod fickle. 

la tho early settlement of Alia California there 
were many Spanish soldiers In service, called the 
"Volenleers of Catalonia," commanded by Captain 
Doo Pedro Fnges. A company of Sonora soldiers, 
in deerskin jackets, was called tho "Campania de 
Cueroj." Many of these soldiers married with the 



aod San Joaquin Indians. They 
worse by jumping into cold we 
paroiysms of tho fever. 
Prior to 1820, the measles at 

the missions of Upper 
irricd off nearly 
the latter country, to tho South, below 
tho Slissioo or San Ignado, anterior to 1B10. Tho 
Indian tribes of tbe Colorado also snffcred greatly 
from the smallpor. This pestilence prevailed e: 
tensivcly again in the roissioos of Altn Californi 
In 1828-JD, and carried off many of the neophyte 

The Indians living near Santa Yuea and La 
Purisima Missions, In Santa Barbara county, ex- 
hibited, on several occasions, great spirit in Bgbtiuf 
with tbe Spaniards. These, tbo Yunios, the Kloro 
otlis, the Tamolcnos, the Sbastas and the Mobaves 
appear to have been the most warlike tribes of out 
hdians. The Islands of the Santa Barbara ehnn- 
id were thickly populated wilb Indians when tbi 



is t ion commenced, 
Tetanies, cr Tamalenos, oro very li 



eopbj-tcs, 



I Of tlltlL 



eft filll 



mixed Spanish 


nd Oalifo 


aialn 


dian, 


all of which 


are noted in tb 


Uissloo 




ge books. Tin- =f 


mixed races ha 


vo intern 


arrict 


with 


each other 


Since that tim 


, and ci 


ntinu 


CO 


o do. Tho 


motbera aa gc 
robust health. 


oerally pr 


olific, 


odlh 


progeny of 


How Id 


IT thL 






difficult to tell. 




ofth 




& Asm oi 


Alia California 


were or lb 


su.ii 


dbrct 


d, or, rather 



1849 a strange farced of American and Indian hare 
sprung up along ih..' Pacific Coast, from Washing- 
ton Territory to Arisona, which, with the miied 
Spanish-Indian breed, may in time hove some 
political consequence In onr affairs. 

Very few wo have heard of hove ever learned to 
read, though every mhsioo in the olden Urns hot! 
Its church-choir of Indian singers, who were in- 
structed by the Fathers in the music aod service o 
the Mass of the Roman Catholic Church. Heat 
every mission and settlement of tbo consl-conntlei 
nf California, south or San Fraoclseo, oro still ti 
be found numbers of tho old neophytes of th> 
Catholic religions establishments, and every Span 
lib family thereabouts has one or more In thei 
Service. Tho propensity to droolicness, gomblioi 
nnd indolence, in tbe men, and dissoluteness 
lozincss and childishness, in the women, render 
them, however, of very little use. 



bad teeth, eiecpl— In 


the matte 




the very oldest. So 


ne of them near t 


Mission have reached 


lo one hn 


filed VI 


Their general express 


oo of fen 


uresis 


mclnucbnly, as seem 




t of all 


tribes or this hemisphere Th 


r heads 


angular and long as 


thelndi 


ns nf tb 


nor can they bo lil 


up with a 


vsnch 


their color of skin 






named) remarkably 


imilnr, as 


s their 


gill In walking is \ 


crj slow 


and aw 


Joaquin country or o 


a the Coo. 


m!', l ,'. 


dignity and majesty. 


They op 


car to! 


permanent, slrong a 


eel ion, e 




or religions feclings- 


-in Bdc, e 




After tbe breaking o 


p of them 




menu, they either 


elnrntd %• 


their 



Thi 



neophytes wbi 



.( Sat 



Item. The lodiaos who Inhabited the 

Barbara Islands wore f 
.fkr wards domesticated 

Duennveatora, Santa B 

Coplstraoo. Tbej held 
isln land by meaos of canoes modo of wood 

tile, ocd lived principal!) on lisb, muscles 
oloaes (tho Mooter ey baliolus or ear- shell), w 
re cilraotdloarUy abundant In those parts and 
icinity. The sites of old roncherias thereaway, 
roll as over tho entire shores of California, may 

designated to this day, by immense qoaoliiiee 
ilone and muscle shells, which tbo traveler 

From inquiries we have made among the n 
foreign settlers, and from the various accounts 
tho Catholic Missionaries and travelers, tbo ladi 
population of California in 1820 may bo esllmot 
: follows: 

Tbe Indians of Sonoma and other valley ranges 
i tho north shores of tbe Boy of Son Frouclseu, 
from Panto tos Reyes to Clear Lake, numbered nut 
im 40,000 souls (probably 10,000), and oiisl- 
meny clans and bands of different dialects, 
domesticated in the IRssions or Dolores, 
aa and Son Rafael. 



Ac-cording to tho foregoing figure?, which 
believe nro not above tho real numbers, the Int 
population within our .present < 
year 1820, summed up npopalath 
and sixty-lire thousand souls. 

Within the boundaries or tbe present Utah, Ore- 
gon, and Western How Mexico, tto nro lad to 
believe from tho various works of Bothers nnd 
travders, that the Indian population or those re- 
gions, In tho yenr 1830 (including Moquia nnd 
hair-clviliied tribes), numbered littlo short of 
300,000 souls. Tbo most of Ibotn (deluding 
Moquis, Pimaa and Marlcopas) vera affiliated tribes 
of Diggers. Or, taking 
probably half a millk 
numbers of Ibis dilimeo 



o bond red 



n tho State of California 
ould not oxoeod tb 
1 race, who inhnbitoi 



Na two can't be) Cheated. 
M*'i bnvo grown so into tho habit of cheating 
each oihor, thnt sometimes they seem to forgot the 
shrewdness, of Dnroo Nature, and attempt to play 
off their cheats upon her. But Invariably tboy 
learn their mistake before dono wilb tho trial, and 
are glad to cscopo her public anathemas at no 
small sacrifice of comfort and credit. 

farmer who goto it Into bis head that 
tho stomach (his horses— not his own) I Is a rnnsl 
unable organ— laying down numerous nse- 
,d arbitrary h"", and requiring too much 
attention by for. But worse than all, It requires 
food too I and food costs Inbor and money, and so 
decide ns to quantity, and begins to 



to extent of territory, sobjec 



utdly 






,1Y|'..I ,t 



iwotthy to the presen 



changes of not! 
oro plainly visible s 
civilized people wh; 



Toshow the status of Indian affairs In California 
during thn most flourishing times of the Catholic 
Missions, it appears from a manuscript official re- 
port of tho President, Frinr Jos6 Senan, of 31 
December, 1832, that thero were in tho twenty es- 
tablishments (Sooomobftd not hcon organliod) tho 
nomber of 20,D5a souls of all ages. From tho 
foundation of tbo itissions, in 1TG0, to that time 
(fifty-two years), TO.OSl had been baptized, 30,412 
mnrried, and 19,735 died- The Missions then pos- 
sessed 152,179 hend of horn-stock, 200,640 bead of 
sheep, 1,724 goats, 1,486 hogs, 14,375 tame horses, 
0,133 wild horses, and 2,110 mules. Tboy had 
sowed, in 1822, of wheat 3,118 fnnegns, and gath- 
ered 31,771 fanogsis; of barley, 303 fanegas sowojd 

113 foncgns sowed they reaped 12,423 fonegas| 
frijolcs, 80 fancgas produced 1,952 foncgns; nl 
pcaa, B fan egos produced 102fonegas; ofgarbnnias, 
80 fancgas produced 1,053 fancgas; nnd of abas oi 
t, 39 fancgas produced 679 fnaegas. 



n Diego 1 



s of t 



-„[il,. i. 



■ nl:;, tViiiii Red Bluffs tn the Amc 

cisted In innumerable bands, wl 

iake out to converse wilb ca 

lothcr tongue, having divergan 

> prevail among tho clans of 

though, as wo are informed, Mojo 

Butte county, an old pioneer, si 

iguages were spoken In the eat 

rhoso of tbo San Jeaqoln 

snmncs to the Tejon, Capt. Sc 



th numbered ( 
Tboy differed in lor 



military expeditions 

Prcsidiocs or the Mis; 

The Chris I Ian I red I 



pueblos, drinking nnd gnmnHn^auJ 

hobils. They have ttry «f<&™ eihil 
tremo habits of vin die liven ess or re 
their silly years control by the w) 
1833. Since then, and even before, 
the Shasta., tbe Yumos, and the Mob 

dons bellicosity or cunning treacbe. 
J"°ta% at [hut lime, oot !l3 , ll|Bn 
of the old Mission Indian, living 
the Caibolic Father.' labors io tl 
counUee-la the county of Monterey 
hundred. Tbey are io he found more i 
Los Angeles, San Demardino and 



South' 



TheTndisns living In the vaUcj, lmmciilU 
tbe north shore nf the Bay, were ib e Tannic 

plains, at Bodega, on Itueeino River anil 1 ' 
lumo and Son Ba(acl volleys. Thl's Wbt D 
are Informed by Copt. John D. It. Cooper a 'nl 
of 1824, were coosidcrcd to have numbered 
to 1820, In their different raoeherlos, not less 
10,000 aoul.. When Capt. Cooper sotlloc 
MobnoRonclio, [n Sonts. Rosa Volley in 1634 
were living ^ hb ne [ Ebboruood „ ^ 

Canlmsrts, Tbo Tamalenos, their friend, 



y used oftci 
lotatnsl 



'Itco to rno away by bonds 

tho Colorado, the Mohave, a 
st Raoge edge of the Desert c 
natcd at 



According to Adam Join 

for Colifornla in 1850 (os si 

« who lived around 

Ycrba llueno, were tl 

Altahmos, Tl 



In 1 
[ley 2,U03, Sou Juon Copislrano 1,052, Snn Gabriel 
1,593, San Fernando 1,001, San Buenaventura 973 
Santa Barbara 1,010, Santa Ynci. 682, La Parislm 
764, Sao Luis Obispo 407, San Miguel 020, Snt 
Antonio 834, Soledad 532, San Carlos Carmclo 341 
Son Juan Bautisle 1,222, Santa Crui 199, Sunt 
Clara 1,304, Son JosS 1,020, Son Francisco Dolorc 
958, and Son Rafael 830; in all 20,958 Indians o 
all ages. Io Lower Cnliforoia, In the same year 
thero were about 0,000 Christian Indians, froti 
Cape St. Lucas to Son Diego, as we nro led to as 
same from Humboldt, Forbes, etc 

In his essay on New Spain, of 1823, Humholdl 
stales from official sources thnt In tho Altn Cali- 
fornia Missions in 1BD2 (thero were then only 18 
establishments) the number of Cbrl! 
amounted to 15,562 souls (7,945 males and 7,GI7 
females); tho Spanish population ' 
bo 1,300 souls. 

In an official account of December, 1809, by the 
President, Podro Tapis, the following fao 
given of the status of tho nineteen cxistin 
■inns: Moles, 9,528; females, 8,800; lata!,, 
sools in all told. The number in tho yea 
was 18,598 souls. Up la 1809 the priest 
baptized 40,053 persons or all colors nnd 
had mnrried 13,175, nnd burled 29,308— nil but 
obout five per cent Indians. 

Forbes, in his History ol California, slates, from 
official iources, thai the twcnly-ono Mlssli 
In 1831, the number nf 16,083 Indians, and of 
Spaniards of all kinds 4,342 souls. This is tho 
last enumeration which scums to haro been car» 
fully made of tho Mission Indions. 



qually divided; 

. 19 missions 18,535 si 



M* himself on tbe I 



gins to con, 
ipurimeitt, iiui'ii im i>iuj 
nrd look of tho poor vicll: 
till, hn says, Ik-sh uud fot 



cess of b 
icfac 



enl nl 



,b solntely e 

by tho diminished strength t 

ml. that flesh and fat hove su 

iimplo pint 



vigor a 



c-ugtli, tl 



lidding of II 
iccds food ji 






motive po' 
learned ;■« 
for liko rca 
thestroogth tin 



if the 

;, which in tho proi 
lion was imprisoned 

willl'jiowboknowt 

tos much as tho locomotive ni 

out of either than he puts in; 
imillrc source, simply a mediun 
Well, we oro glad that he 



; by and by, 1 



« ill c. 



lading 
one-fourth of V 



ponded in tbo 

utile process of griodlog coarse wiry hay and hard 
grain, and so by chopping one and griii'lin;; [" ' 
baps cooking tbo other by less eipens: 
crj-, leave the poor jnded animals fivo ! 
twcnty-fonr for needed rest ana sleep. 

Here is another, who has beeo so long lovingly 
dandled on tho lap of mother earth, thnt honlu 
Mm well enough to supply 



. enough 



rsofth. 



..,,!. It j'll 



scientific neighbors proving nil thi 
urlant growths of grass and grain, 
naluro towards such as neglect not 
laws — he will study to know tbo na 

perfect seed J— [Wis. Farmer. 



iinlit-.lrnjii- 



Fizrat Fremt iiTvi 

NUESEBIES, 

H£ SAN JOSE. •:* 

B. S. FOX & CO. 

ALF MTLTJ FROM OITY, TELEGRAPH SUSSIOH 
ROAD. 

Fruit and Ornamental Trees, 

GRAPE-VINES, 

Flowering Shrubs, Gooseberries, Corraiits, 

RASPBERRIES, fl/c. 

AND DORCHESTER BLACKBERRIES, 
Of Genuine nod Snporior Plants. 
e_ *Ej» iIS JE3 fifi 9 

CLIMBING PLANTS, DAHLIAS, &C. 

HTJBSBBTMEH'S STOCKS, GRAFTS, 4e. 
Wo desire to offer to onr friends and patrons a stock of 

TREES, PLANTS, 
-^■ITNTEIS, S33H.TJJ3S, 

NURSERY STOCK, 

THE MtEBBST BBASOK, TJKB1VALBD. 

As EipBTienoed Nunorj-nion onr desiro Is to offer i 
stock that shall bo reliable, yiroduDing fruits true to narni 
and variety, and olwny. embracing ine nowarandbetier 
wits. It la oot so much our aim to present nomorau 
varieties as It Is to offer vnlunhlo ones, and we- shall •]- 

:-,;';. ;."-i;l!-i :'-.<.: ■■->« OantlJ, BL _.__ 

'- "nd. Oor .tosktrt 



A pamphlet hoi bcon published in Scotland by 
a farmer named Craig, on thepotati 
Its care. By planting three differ 
gcther, last year, very favorable 
achieved. Two out of the three varieties planted 

disease ; all were found to bo perfectly healthy 
and sound when dng, and experience has shown 
that they kept well dnring tho winter. He bo. 
lievcs thnt tbe potato disease may be safely attrib. 
nted to tbo violation of one of tbo laws of na- 
ture, nnd that the generation of the malady is oc- 
" too closely bred. 



The lesson w 

io each hill. 

What say ou; 
the argument o 



by 






that 



potato philosopher 
objection applies to 
id all other plants? 



For 1822, In 30 m 



"0 



[io 

Tho Qnlf Stream na a PortUlzine; Agent 

lr wo follow tho Gulf Strcom across tbo Occon 

we perccivo how fully it fulfills the purpuses for 

which ii mis dejipn-J, .Sir \V„lt..r *,„,, ,...]!.„, 

■-■"~ Orkney, 



■f thy grni 



'I 111,- 



v.lli, I, .!,,- 



..in- 



(jrcot inJue. 
grees of og: 
splendid griv 



Iculturo. Tbo 1 



■M.l>- l,:ll ..-.■«;, 

uaicd inalaiitnd 
tb than tho Ice 

irdinary diuercne 

Ictcly dlflbrenl'dc 
(Old Islo uwos Uc 



Esq., Indian Agent 
in Schoolcraft), tho 
mil tbo Mission of Dolores 
o tho "Ahwashl*., Ohlones, 
ind Tulomos." Tuobbloncs 
colled by the old priests, 
s/'thoSonomlsWorcaooiher. 
.1 tbo names of all the Indian rancborlas 
tercd with ihe neophylea 1 names In tho 
" k of Dolores Jllssion, commenclntr 



"Solomnii 



about the y 
From tho o 
named, In 1620; fror 
Mr. George Gibbes, In IB! 






.. If-.ii.. 



ics, In IflSl (vido Schoolcraft), and 
accounts of the Northern Coast 



coonttes, we may- approxlrn 
population or 3u,0on In 
present boundaries of the 
Jlcndoclnn, Trinity, Klamal 



00 no Se crotion It 

1 fish could be mo 
rsofiblseitanlof 



rugged Sierras 
of bold and 
would teem, i 
other In the 



iiuly assume an In 
81 S, and within 

i, Llumbuldt, and 



aylng that Ilia impo s- 
abondant in tbo lakes 
mntry thou they were, 
the Indians of these 
to innumerable band. 



ray of peace and friendship, nne 
with the whiles, and among tbem. 



of Hi,- Gulf 
in bright greuo putui 
ity ptoJi 



ind issu 



li strike, full upon b> 
res of Englondorerohi 
lurlshcd with the war rot 
^cu of Great Britain has its "oa 
9 steadfast hoi wnlcr river in il 
«•»-■»». ™ "="' of which modern science has ■ 
occnrotcly mopped : noy, tbo Qorld lamb lunki 
our people and the lorgo & i i0 of our doincsiir. 1 
imals, are but the effects of ibai moist aod nen 
atmosphere which Ends its " 
ficenl Go If Stream. 

And in order to bring tho effects of 
ordinary rnnriue phenomena closer h 






. usl: hi 






a forced, bu 



peas, potatoes and brocoll >o" 
la Coven t Garden 
o thought lo ben _ 
Now nay 

ipbero of 

u»il of tho British dolpht 

'.""'"- ""■ -ir^lsofihoGulI 
--.-, It is bathed wltb tl 

i>! -i.t, ]....u..,! j. tht . for-orr-Gmf c«iid 

n«y say, w 1 1 e.nctnese, that tho maiorltv of 
early vegetables mid In the oncn it, V 

' illesbi 



kctT Poos In May worn 

ion may indolgi 

Iri ring, 
dipj ml 



which 



of the 



ini; nes 



of the Pa, 
fa ml Mar v 



I this property or the 
n (lw£ "™'*'™™ thD fe|ireseotat!ont 
■ l>"T..i.. and we should have been 
-b Ibn spectacle of-Neptune turned 



irinciple mo a tad — who shall si 
It is probable that some n 
iway, degenarale, nnd finally ' 



[Tenn. Farmer and Jleehani. 



they will bo free hom 
Id, low, wet, clnyoy £ 



itonsD Valuss ItBsr.BViTton. — Order 
tshington have been received instruct! 
rveyor General to hove Round Valley, io 
io county, surveyed fnr an Indian Itcsei 



mil,. -I 



!S0f g, 



■ i i:.i iiiv. 



i dlmi 



Itco 



rallei 



, and moist; plenty of timber ni 
: land is covered with rich, gross, 
bout ten miles long by sit miles 
oost Inclosed by the north fork of Ibe Eel 
which makes the bend that incloses I 
along the banks of which Ibero Is a gr- 
of block onk limber, valuable for fni 
id building purposes. Tho center of i 
hi prairie land. Tho Valley for them 
s been lakon up and Improved by settle 
■11 bo obliged to leave. Government w 
icrate them for nil Inipi 






a the 









II .i..,:l:ir 



:w Wiss.— Messrs. Woodruff fc -Wright, of 
Wlscousln, are engaged in the mnnufuctun 
I they call Western Champagne, from tbi 



.' WrtgW thinks it i, in manyresp, 
-o titliur nines, urging ns a reason tl 

■r, Iw iul^iiimii,,^ ILIII | cvf-n l„n,-li,-i 
o u the system. [Calif utn l aaJ| lTy h j 

true of dogs, in Ohio, Is equally trut 
Wisconsin, soys the Farmer of thnt 
ty nro o perfect nuisance on general 
|""J <•[■■. i dlyu, those who keep sl„ 

''•"■>: ,""■ '- ; "> '"' "tMt-.J-f Utrvtlmi,,.. 
■'"nl,- v.-li, ii judiciously used. TWo 
(o of tbot drug wonld not bo bad In 



bnbltofknocklno 

-"KS'iS'-. 



SDRFJBRT BUSINESS. 



:■.:■ 



1 en l F io 



io fully a; 



otod. Wo are confident we con 
Equal Any Naraery in Stock or Qiowth, 
Our effurls boln g to show onr friends 

Well-Grown Trees and Plants. 

Welnvito all purehasorsof Trees, Plouls, ic, lo call am 

AGENT, ME, JAMES L, BUBTIS, 

116 Wasoington Etieci, San Francisco, 
Where we have opened a Stare, that onr friends and 

EXAMINE OUK STOCK, 

As wo pnrpose r.fierinc them at 

ONE-HALF LAST YEAR'S PRICES. 

Tr.es and Stock packed with greot care, lo insure safety. 
DELIVERED 4T ALYISO FREE OF CHARGE. 

and moke (elections eorly, thuj 
Cotoleejics fnund at Farmer OfEo 

Sop<omber9,ISE9. 



B. S. FOX & CO. 



SAN JOSE_NUESEKY. 

PHUIT TUBES! 

^^ Ornamental Trees and Skrubs.jj 

2^^ 1...O00 ROSES. 

A Fine Assortment of Greenhouse Flank | 
GRAPE VINES! 

B«r foreign terlellea, nnu >L*n C^ifunila, la cnttingf ■ 

■ ortniHil of FRUIT sod OHNAJIENT.-IL THLK;, rlffll't 3, 
PLANTS. HOSES, ic, ih - 

EXTREMELY LOW PRICES, 

for Iho K«»o of IBM-fii), h^iu S oWIdcJ Io reduce rar Buner] 

lo Ha bulf of lu eaepl, tiorioe It glutcd la oretiuit. 
MY COLLECTION OF ROSES TOOK TUB FIH6T 

PREMIUM AT THS BT.tE FAIR HELD ATSAK JOSE, 

loJTa-en aiiorlmcnt of tkt hat varieliu of Afplu, 

Apricots, Fian, 1'tatha, PU,m,; AIbubi 

Cherry, Mulberry, Oooielcrry, and Currant 

in quantity. Shatrias and Climbing 

Shrutn. Thi ' ' 



,-.(/(.,■■- 



1 in poti 



planted with 'tafely 
All order. prorajLtT oiiendal io, ibe Irets cre-fallr escW 
up In bundle nro UI ... „cc,r,iln; f, it- J1.i,dm Ibn, bah 

'" ;■■'■ "'■' , ,l " ! '" '"' <•<*• "i i-tin-- „i, ii:,- „-. ... ,ii"--. 

S"" u f ?'.; nI *; "',' n '-'-''i-;'i'-. '■ 

cbcu: Mr. J. Fiaduirn. Saeur., Cilt 



PEEMrTJMl! PREMIUM]! PEEMIUM!! 

French -Garden Vineyard! 

SA N J OSE. a 

£ ATTENTION OF GRAPK^P 

CRAPE-VINES!! 

FIRST PREMIUM AT THE "sTATB ' AOlllCULTuBAl 

FAIR AT SACttAMENTOi ALSO AT 8AI" 

FRANCISCO AND SAN iOSa 

n... T.rl.,l..^ E ™X U °ond wJaT-Makln O 

CUTTINGS AND ROOTED VlX$S, 

Sao PrancKco, H^'*DE£UlQ r lE,'fe,'ci'»j .°if £."" 

3TETJIT TEEESl! 

Lomiarily and SihtPp oplca\MZ"mcl other Orf 
mental Trtti, all „l ,j, c .,u.j reduced prica 

Gp A. H 13 e w , 



^" Catalogues uul dcBripuoni will beieot on di-inwj 
Bin lots, Horemsar, l<i 185S. HJ» 



THE CALIFOENIA 3? A.BMEB. 



37 



_ WORK WHH.B T1H DAY. 

Tm following beantlful liuna and tbe noble seDllmec 

Jostlon of Blanche D'Arto'u, Ob American I'i'lJ. «1< 
Mttainly po.-i-ases i very high dogra of genlm; lie 

While bright daylight on 11^ pith Is beaming— 

Dospoir not thou, altunogb lb j task Is seeming 

To Jul nlway. 
Trust! wbon the dusky shadows o'er Ihco Hying, 

Obscure (bo sun. 
Though Duty's lask [9 coded hot by dying, 

..Workl 
While Bright dnylljul 00 Ihy path Is booming, 

Tboo^b not for gold- 
Fame proves r . ban lorn, soil Mr Idle dreaming 

[s » talo that's told; 

Onr earthly birth-right in this wild commotion, 

This threefold litc- 

Work! 

While bright dmllebt on thy pith is bcamLeg, 

Fer night palls down. 
Work ! while Ibo Inner in thine ojo Is gleaming, 

r talents, 



tut with thy baud, and Hi 

Thy threefold life weighed in tbe eternal balance, 
[Scalpel. 



'■■. '!:■ I il; <V 

ends Iho who 



Something for those who Wish to be B eautlful. 

A truth which we hare often appreciated, is 

beautifully eiprcsscd in the following by Profcs- 



j we were about to start, I saw 1 



and il iris interesting 10 in how quickly nod 
completely the inward thought or purpose alters 
the oatward man. lie gave a quick glance to* 
every part of tbe ship, lie out his eye oFer the 
multitude coming on board the ship, among whom 
in Ibe American ambassador (0 England, who, if 
the captain may ■ - ■-■ 



tdiaci 



troth U 
right a 



itiody i. 



husbands and vices, the mothers sod children, 
trusted to hie care; and his Blonder form, oj 
gave tbe orders Tor our departure, seemed at t 



self by Ibe power of in' 
noticed this ir.uri ■■■.'in,: 



pbeo 



wishes to realii-e Ibe full power of personal beauty, 
It most be by chtrisuing noble bopca and pur- 
poser — by having something tu do, nod Eiimetblng 

which, by expanding the capacities of the soul, 
give? expansion Dad symmetry to the body which 



A Good-Hamorefl Rebuke. 

A certain good old farmer kept his conBtnn 

good nature, let what waold tarn op. Ooe da; 

while the black tongue prevailed, he waj fold tba 



soldtu 

Take off tii 



tell, be w, 



ilivoys 
__ take it 
will bring the cash." 
In an boor or two, a man came hack vrhb the 
news tiiat"line-b3cli" and his mate were both dead. 
"Are they?" Boid the old man; "well, I look 
them from B , to save a bBd dcht I never ex- 
pected to get. It ii luckv thai it nint Ibe brin.ll--j. 
Take the hide* down to Fletcher's; they will be 



la about aa 


liour the ma 








;h brindle w 






"Is he?" Efti 


Iho old man 






old 01. Take 


Hi' lli.-i hifit, 






















Herenpun hit 






OfEhphat, rep 








asked him if h 






judgment from 


icaveu for bia wickedness 






be; "well,: 


they take j 






he easiest wa 


I can pay 1 


eml" 



Anooi tbe coolest thing we ever heard occurred 

in v., i!,.. i:,. I,,.--, i.i r , k -,„i. Tbe keeper of a boord- 
iog house called on one of his delinquent bnarders 
for money to purchase supplies for the table. Tho 
fellow received tbe dun with us little emotional if 



fin PnmcUco. 

Willing to jiractiallr Jem 
trine* lira prcubu IlEomrl to 






JwloJje of too H». of 



ratgwni M /ui 



rjp|] : /L| ;.-. I.. .■::[;;. , . |[ ,' „Vj , r J "| " I ; H ' .. | . ... . .... 

ll^^i;-.!., ;\ |M.-. :■',.'.,>.. . J :.,.. , : . U..) ,. L iCi v.. . i .. ' ■. . , 
J-i [■■.:'."■! ■ ;i c .- 1 ■ M . ^ : 1 j : - ^ I y\, r -\,.-,\ ■ -nuil^-j-i'jirL. !],..■, ,i,j r. ,A-: 
rant powerful tlirnpcuuc a^cnt ; ibe rout 



MRS. ANNIE L. AVERY, 
HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN, 

aetjaouee, S49 Foelno Btroeto-o noon trro aajckio, 







:, BaJIMOBD, Prtadpu. 



WHJ. TOU NOT SEND THK 

LIFORNIA FARMER 



ics coolu caanrr ■ ltry gross plearcro, 1 
id l^Uoj bmeat, upoo ibelr klul/cd u 
It B14IH, oj KBdlnB tbnn • copy of tt 




TO THE AGRICULTURAL PUBLIC: 

THE SUBSOBIBEE DESIRES TO EXPRESS TO HIS FKIBKDS AND PATRONS, HIS 'WARJa 
and onrtMrred thanks for tholr kind and mncn-naeded inpporl dorlur the past year, which hu fer exceeded his 
most sanguine eipMtatloai, and which ho hopes lo relula by pursnlng suuh a coursa as may bo satisfactory to his 
Patrons and honorable to himself; 

Ho desires therefore lo call their nltonllon to a list of some of tho lending articles which ho will 
offer for sole for 1360: 

THEASHEES: 

PITTS' B UB O 1MB BUFFALO THBASEEB, 8 nod 10 horse-power, with nn attachment fo 

meuming and rejliloring the number <•( bnihols thrashed, and bBgiiogtbo grain. 
C. 01. Russell's- lUaHNlllon, Olslo, Thrasher, 8 and 10 barsa-power. 
Ball's Celebrated Canton, Ohio, do 8 and 10 do 

The Hamilton, Ohio, do 4 and 6 do 

Tbe Albany, Sew York, do 1 nod 2 do 

The above Machines were Made Expressly lo Order for tho California Market, 

Also, have on hand, e*tr» Castlnp, Drapers, Klevalorc, Cylinder Teeth, &:., .1;. ■ or all the above machines. 

THE CALIFORNIA COMBINED REAPER A D MOWER I 

n Now York Reaper, on trial ns n Combined 
held In June but. Also, the same award was made 
>l Ibo Santa Clara County Fall, held In San Jose, In 

t, beloiF, by numcroua members of the Slate 
tgricultoral Society. 

PECK'S HEADER AND HARVESTER ! 



To which was awarded tho FIRST PRBMIDS 


over 


Eesper and Uawer, at tbe Alameda COnniy Agiieal 


nnl Fo 


at the State Fair, held at Sacramento, in September 


aet; at 


Ic labor last. 




Yt'iir attention Is also called to a notic 


give 



NURSERY OIROULAR. 

FOREICN AND NATIVE CRAPES, 

AND GENERAL NUKSEKY STOCK, 

OFFERED THE PRESENT SEASON OF 1859 AND 1860, BY 

A*. P.- SMITH, 

AT TUB 

POMOLOGIOAL GARDEN AND 1TURSERIES, 

SACRAMENTO, TwD-nud-n-half Milns from Iba City, 

-AND AT THE 

OFFICE AND DEPOT FOR TltHEB, 44 J street, between SeeontI nml Third streets, 

SACRAMENTO CITY. 

THE CULTIVATION OF TUB GRAPE, ASD THE PLANTISG OF VDJEYAEDS UPON AH 
oltenslve scale, Is at the proienl time orelllnr a llvolj Inloreit among the people of our Stale. 

The congeniality of our soil and climate, and tho success which has thus far attended tho opera- 
"- ndteds tothls si" 



nd -be 



;b thai 



. of lb 



,1 lot. 



Il ibe 



ir people In the 
ate rest Is el 
ilowhatlt 

mojoritj of eipsrii 



la also awarded the FIRST FKEMID1I at the Slate Fair, a 



e Santa Clara County 



WIlhthoBiporioBoeof tho past Bison, this moehlne Is so Impmrod oa tobo.witboet qoostlon, 

THo "Very 3E3e>st Harvester in Use. 

SICKLE 8EOTION"S. 

SICKLE SECTIONS for JteCORlHCK'S, HUSSEY'S, DCERILL'S, SEYJIOUR ii MORGAN'S, 
PALMER & WILLIAMS', and MANNY'S (with Wood's Improtemcn!) REAPERS. Also— 

EXTRA CASTINGS AND BRASS BOXES FOR THE ABOVE MACHINES. 



H O n S E B. A S £i S . 

WHITE'S PATENT STEEL-TOOTHED BUGGY HORSE RAKE ; 
WILCOX'S REVOLVING HAY BAKES, 8, 10 and 12 hut 
BOYER'S FARM MILLS, for Feet, Cora Meal or Floor; requiring but ti 
power. Tbe cheapest farm mill in use. 

PREMHJAI FANNING MILLS, of oar own mako and the best imported. 
INGERSOLL'S PATENT HAY KRES8ES. 
GRANT'S GRAPE-VINE GRAIN CRADLES. 



HAY FORKS, BARLEY FORKS, both steel and wooo. 

WILCOX'S THREE-BOWED HAND BAKES. 

HOVEY'S RlY CUTTERS, nil sizes. 

RU6BEB BELTING, all widths. 

MONKEY WRENCHES. 

GARDEN HOES and RAKES. 

SKELETON CLOD-CRUSHER OR FLELD ROLLER (homo manufsctoro). 

GRINDSTONES, all sites. 

PATENT ATMOSPHERIC CHURNS; Iho best ohnra in use (homo manuftetoro). 

CHEEBE-PRESSE3, self-acting (homo msnafacture). 

LACE LEATHER; LUBRICATING MACHINE OIL. 

LILLnCS CHILLED IRON SAFES. 

EXTRA POWERS, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 end 10 Horse. 

EXTRA TRUCKS and EXTRA LEVERS, 
to- REPAIRING DONE ON SHORT NOTICE. '6a 
J. 8. HARBISON'S PATENT BEE-HIVES, which took the FTRST premium 

>r sale; and, also, persons 



THOS. OGG SHAW, 

33 SACRAMENTO STREET. 
San Frouolsoo. 



hi, the nnderstsnod, members of tho SI tie AjjLcoHnral Soclolj of Collfonilo, hovo seen and 01 
onlr implored CALIFORNIA COMBINED IlEAPER AND 1IOWEB mannfaetureil hj THOMAS 01 
I San Franolwo, CallforDls. Tor oblcb a pileot has bcoa opnlied Tut ; end, lo oar jadgutnt, no consW 
» creaUUlmpreromeats that has ecer come uoder nor 0bK.rr.Uoo, of tbe kind ; and no choerfall T n» 
'" ''ST aC«llfarnlafn, a ntion) this rosohlao, ss one of Iho host Cemblo 
deeided and ralnablo ImproremenLs. 



TO, Jan 



<h, 1664. 



sad Mooers 

Bicnjn 

John 0. 1 

A. IT. Mjl._, 

Tretidaot a. C. a prion] [ar*l Soclnf. 
Win. Itufu I. j:, ji .j , 

B. B- Crocker, 
Ehun Camnglen, 
M. S. Bailor, 

A. K. Hill, 

B. A. Marsh, 
Charles D, Cooloj, 
0. B. Lorell, 
E- D. Woodward, 
Bernard 6. Fox, 

B. t. Manldbi, 
W. W. Light, 
Fred Woodward, 
T. Q. Thelp., 
Joba A Gntt. 



C. L Halehle 

CoL Worroo, 

A. LunoU, 
IL M. Hmistnn, 
Ed. DitK, 
J. P. Melehlor, 



W. U. Parks, 

J. B. Vain.™ t, 
J. Jl-nill, 



LBpuo A S . Beziaj. 
.rnUF.nae, 



0. 0. Wh 

W. Wodsworlh 



. ■.;:.!. ,-M!,' As SODlEIJ. 



Jos. 3. SUrer, 
Thomas Ilajol, 
WQson Pilot, 



Charles J. Cellini, 
II. 0. HaiTlge, 
Jos. IL Heiltt, 
Jobo II. Rogers, 
F. ii. Shattaok, 
IL lT.hi I: ii, , 
J. CDarls, 
J. 8. Harbison, 
Charloi Zeltlar. 



id Ibis 
Ti-tn. To da this, we shoald nan 
or nlDo-miklos. Tha Calirorola . 

It will bo soponeded ij same otnor aau a muon Mlier grapo. Aiai 
bT ns, tho Calii-ossia Qbam has oltrujt proved to bs the i 
!M grape ioTarinblT resists tbe frosts that hare boon so Tory destructli 
irortant point to cita'ellsb, as Iho lars by frost In some itlno-dlslrlela 

.tormina this, and rrb.itovor efporlooce no hare alreidy altained tboal 
For eomo jciira ice bavo been most carefully experimenting npi 

Kkof tho finast kinds of fa rolgn crapes, and while most of these base 
A grape has boon entirely killed. At tho same lime no two ontnlom 

wois a vary deeided advantage oror tho grape nan being oullicated ai 
Who theso points estublialied, and with tbe opi 
In us, thoro eon bo no nuooablo doabt of tho na-rnODocTioa is to 
Tbu fjrtijn grapes having a world-wide reputation ns ici: 
adapt od to 



magnllode that it Is or the first lm[ 
goad and plou 



col dialed b} 



ince It Inferior, and some asteic 
ise IID^naKPTariotiesef grapo 

lallfocnla grapo. This Is a very 
lid be Tory great, and therefore 
Tapes. Experiment alono most 

opogatino; from a Tory largo 
inrccriv iiARor, tho Cattroa- 
ii.'ico ns to their snperioritjr in 
if Europe have solar nroTod to 
u (ho Los Aug 






y exleoslrely oulliinled. 

and proferohcos for this class of grapes, bi 






i or Europe ti 
An of tho finest wlno-grapes of ~ 
Mt, and room grapes, and 
loll and climate, thoy mail one 






gas we do, that tbe ■ 



planting of the I'm i-ju:ii a QnA 



.rtlole of wloo that will lo 



i of Ibli c 



i of all others. We > 



andbe fitforoii>,ri .'i .i, Ih- > 



re fully. We 



the crapes for iui3is9, and B'.i»ltli.-!iinJ 

teriOE. Hid wo baro ao doubl bat that tbe very finest Quality of raisins es 
We wish la drs.iv Ibe utieatlen of parties la our oilensii-o slock of Ibis chu 



AOtitj f(0: 



lablv 



the California grape, s 
"Id In "this eonnl 



prepared in i 
l or parties ta ear olleasivo slock of this class ori.-rar.es which are vary 

slock no* in bnnd Is the Jargost'in this Suilo. Such varieties ui no iii-.-,. .■!■ i ..a i-.ir.'ii.li i.y t bo hundred 

,r ili.u ii.l. and when mken in largo loii wo will put ihnuial muct lower rates than horolofore oflergd. 

We wish it to bo distincllj anderctood that our stock has been nil grown by ourselves from bcei 

ioR Tinea in our own vineyard, and wo Ennmerots oaly such ns we C3n luraiah in largo qiuuitities. 

When n thousand or more vinos ore ordered, the selection of kinds will partly rest with ns, but will 
be comprised irlthin the following assortment : 

•3-Wo wouldsoggest to oor customers that thoy should name to as Ibe proportions thoy desiro for tablb and 
for wine grapes- The following Is tbe list for Iho present season; 
Black Hamburgh— An immense bearer, n largo und purpla i 

ciuua of black grapes known. 
Wiilmott's Black Hamburgh— Extraordinary bt 

ing in shape from otborbcnicB. 
Black Prince— Large, very productive, rich ond very dcllcions. 

Black Morocco— Very proline, largo clusters, and gives promise of being a very Coo trine jn-ope. 
Black St. Peters— Long and largo clusters, a late fruit, sweet and very delicious. 
Black Frontignan— A good grape wilh a sweet and musky flnv 
Cannon TTbII MnBcat— One of the largest white gropes knoWD 



a of the finest and m 
cr, and fruit with immense sired berric. 



differ- 



ing 



median 



■ oiperienco this year wa 



it, and good. 

Syrian — An immensn bearer, very large, a Into st 
lavor, good tabic grope. 

iium bearer, high flnvor, bolloTcd to bo good for in 
ir grape, und very prolific. 



Early White Mai voison— Early, and sw< 
Frontignan Mosoat— Very ane. 
Grizzly Frontignan— A good bonror, tine 
Lasbjnier'B Seedling— White, good alio, m 
Large Eoge of Pern— A largo and super} 
MeBeady'g Early White- Very prolific, n 

Mnsoat of Alexandria-Largo and flno, Ibo very finest of InWn grapes, and of exquisite flavor. 
SOy ^be^m rn¥o n £Ta A ' MMaai Brop(! ' BCOat btar,!r > '•"omparoblo ns a tabit grope, and promises to 
Bed Frontignan-A very fine grape. White Frontlgnan-A very delicious grape. 

^^^Cili/ornla grape from ono to three years, Inebolla, Catawba, Oiin- 
BOrts, and nf theso wo oro not largely 



ilivo grapes e< 

ton, Concord, and Renecca. a 

itockcd this season. Wo pnrtic 



% # 



arty ask plantci 



FRUIT AND ORNiAMENTAL TREES. 
J?^ifi!T mnd '""° thD abovo ^^"shinent this season aro mora than uaually fioe, and in tho 
SFn ff ^Xr^^Zl^^lS^Z^^ °" '"*"' """'^ ^ ">- Siato/onr o«alegn. 
Appceb, about 250 vnriotiosi ' Pbacheh, 75 vnriotiflB- 

PEAna, 400 vnrifltios ; , x,.,-, m l , ; - ;: ,. rzo'v^i.-ii^. 

Pluib, 50 voriolioa ; Apbicots, 12 variotios ■ 

,Z ^tT^'TZ, lh " 7/ P" (ttna0I '''T>- '"«"«. the flnsatoTor offered ( or s.Io lo .his State, of all 
rises, being from fi foot to 12 sod H root high. The gro.lor pnrtioo being not only or very large slie but aba 

h^a n ndU^ t r^ t " tlr n ad ' ,I,10d to r """ iBK "*-««•»"' ««-dt . Ibr^e^^.g.'of 

d ° *^J^ 0t {h ' ■*>*• «" 0°* Mb w, offer 2S.CM0 Tree, Tor .ale, of different rise, and prices, and as 

ll riT^^!" T ta b ™ ,W " a " J fll, '-° l,lH """"T ta ll " Sta "- ""^ P"»ns baro had but poo ™ 

with Chorrr Tree, b this Stale. ff« stale Tor tholr in forte atlon thai 

Our Cherry Trees, are- grow upon the true imported Mazzard sfocft, a»d not upon common. 
jYufiEcorOregonsiocio/ttij Coast, 
>rmor being tho onl, sloobr Bt to grow thorn on. We bare aUo a totj fine slock of the following, ritf 

APPlo, Plum, Poacb, Nectarine, Apricot, Flu, and Almond 

Shade and Ornamental Tree!, Shrnb!, Bosea, and Greenhouse Plants 

-.....-, «\$££^i"£\ lmm '^'t - "■ ,1 " • « c "' "-T-*™ fc«a good and n, 
Elm Tree .f^urvar'll" ea Zlt^T'?^ L™"' 7^" "J Temlol.ence. of hotne.lho r 
=.tabll,Wlntbe„ll, iberaro .-I ■;.,'' :" : ; J J^**"*" s]a *- which are of good .1^ and nben wel 
I^ocer; LiM.™. or G l DSK 0aus , jr^ m , whlJ , Lrsogir, Enropcan and ^^^ . 
a ; Ciiika, and other Trees, 
collection of THE CAMELLIA, "<" bo 

of IDIB y^rTwhlcI U ™JL w. w now J"" "" larB " " nd eCaetal «***■«•. 'lie crop 

, al lawor prices than e.u bo "uud at anr otbe", .™abibC7„ J . 'i° Wi* , Tfl E TBAOE lo quantities to , a it, aed 

for a number of year, aed I K,«,i™ «b \™i.*i ..,1 i ' .,"' lD "" s,wta - w » btra now been groitinr "ftSBn 

oTOMDFRESllHlalDrt^^.S^ 
| "^^; UI1 r " lJ » <** "I" al-arH be In riadin™ "^r 0*«oa^aod°at Clty'SfJce 1 « ^"frtdTti 






r We call p 



:u]or nltcntluE 



~THE CAL IFOR j^I ^JglA 113 ^^ 11 - 



% ©alifenia #a«r. 



BAN FRANO 



>t SAN FBANPISCO, »■ 



Oar Wheat In How York. 
17* present tho following, from the Now York 
Commercial List, to show the estimate put upon 
tho Wheat of California, and to show onr grain- 
growers the prospects they would baro bad before 
Ihcm, liorl they acted upon the suggeslinns wc 
made to them in Oclabrr and jVoctmftsr last: 

■'The f«Vu"nT«i ySew York Corn Exchange, 
— ...j.,1,,,1 ,heir Attention directed to a variety 

. of Wheat, Rye, Barley, Oats, and vanou; 

;-|onr,tboerclujivcproductsof California. 
Thcywereolicred far examination hy \\ . T. i.'oI>-im,iii 
,"; r'o., ufthli city, nod Wndsworlli k Miesegnes. ot 



in the old Elsloi pleei 



New Agrlcultiir.il Movemoill- 
"In oo ion there ii .Irenglh." 

Suucnss io all great movements depends upi 
the ooited action of all those who are engaged 
the enterprise, and there arc no troer words tbn 

"Uoibed they stand; divided Ihoy fsIL" 
This will apply to the present new movemi 
among agricultural men respecting the best plan 
be adopted to bring not tho whole strength of t 
agriculturists at aor lesson of Aunual Fairs- 

So long as the public eihibltions were a heavy 
cost to those who planned them; so long « 
those who first contributed to make them of grei 
public interest, did no with ft pure love of It 
cause, devoting lime, labor, and monej freely 
without ocy return save a conscious^ alls faction of 
dolog the public good aod cOBtriboting to Ii 
plcftsarc and bappiocss of many thousands, and 
tongas these enterprises were without office? 
honor, fame, or heavy emolument, there was 1 
strife, no complainings, no heart-burnings, i 
Bat ji 



Is of disli 



. thitt 



i, plae, 
Ited for 



uf f.v, 



i advc 



"strife or the battle," unt 
the goldeo egg his been fc 
it once. In the past few ; 



wool." Although we are very bopefol i 
tare, sod nlthoogh we have helped tbe g 
on, by doing all wo could to awoken a (r 
ss our language In this journal for tix 
testify, it was in the hoptcflnacrihingia 
tbe last three or four years tie have seen 
or dissolution growing deeper and broad 
we Enid at the lime of the Annual Muling 

of discord Ihco have been ever at work, 
have nniitcnd tbe death potion. We 
warning then of the spirit of disunion, bi 



atno 


■3 


its work. 


Thn 












he 


nili 


ofwhilwc 


ings 


and 


one 


erplo 


tings 



■.raced npio different descri 
ced, which yielded 40 bus 
:els of choice While, imm 
average yield of which wai 
weight 66 pounds per bo 



hich w 



tnni tested 

lions— some from Chile 

lediterrouean seed, tbe 
JG bushels per acre, nnd 
id. One sample from 
from California seed, 



DIIFllCl! 






nt quality, aborting pretty conclusi 
w State on the Pacific, nlthough in 
icb in fertility of soil, as well as 
■■'iindpi ■ : '' 



■Slates oftheAttant 
io in tbe munufuciu 
d th* grain-grower 
tho largest grower 



and fifty thou* 

illioo bags, the ruling price 

iw be 2'e. ir not 3c., and l 

iied Jc. or 2}c. for their best 

id tbe; sent to Amir 

:d wisely— lhey wou 



oy would have re 
.heat In New Toi 
lin early— hod ll 






la Grain of all ki 



From the Surveyor-General's Report we galhi 
t following iraponnnl facts, and although tt 

rify, wo think Ibo error is on the safe side. Wo 



sides, they do not know, having stored away 
crop without takiog account of it, nod it la j 
work only. 
By the Surveyor's Report, we find the number of 



i IS51 .. 



esofWbo.il raise 
bels Wheal raise 
es of Barley raisi 
bels Barley raiii 
'hue it will be 



Annual Elation, and n 



a prejudices, for 
■ '•■■'■■ foi the prom 



fifty thnwand tarrili of Flour, vt can co 
it miilim Sajpi of Grain for shipment. 
Wheat bus been steadily advancing, w 



wi„, 



-l,y... 



,»•-: 



The State Agricultural Sooloty hns net Mot 
tho Wants of tho People. 

Tuts is the language of the resolutions which 
were- passed otahkoCSLV, nt the Agricultural Con- 
vention which was held Id lbi> city on tbo 24th of 
February: and nt that Convention there were 
present several of the Vice Presidents of the lost 
year, and many of tbo old nod active members of 
tho Society, and, In addition to this, were tho let- 
ters of other officers or tbo State Society, the past 
and furmer years; also reports ofsevcral meetings 
in different sections of the State— «11 ipcaking tho 
simc sentiment and urging cooperation for a saw 
ou'MfiJATio* and setter hasaubhmt. 

Wilh these facts before us, we ask nil candid 
minds to reflect well before they net in nny way 
which shall in the least sanction lho wrong which 
was inflicted upon the great Agricultural cause, at 

It should be distinctly borne In mind that every 
newly elected officer that acapU bis appointment, 
lanctiani tho wroog done ; he eirluoiiu approves the 
wroDg, and ho becomcs.pnrticfpj erimfnu with tbo 
destroyers of an institution that might have done 

tt is now admitted that lho State Agricultural 
Society is dead. It in deeply inn 






5 bee 



fully made 
of former y 


•with 


Then 
id, an 
i deb 


being many prcn 
d more indebtedn 
of from seven 




thousand dollars bar 
the load tbat is sink 


gingoverit,itcannots 
ng it, especially vibe nit 


now 


remembered 
them at all, 


o not only rrfuitd to cooperate with 
but have cither formed new osaoclft- 


Fairs tbis As 
This action 
Sacramento 
debt of tbo 
imlts, and c 


doiugs 

recurs 
nn do 
Id Soc 


i, prop 
depen 
sett! 

ty in 
est sh 


arntory to establishing 
cnt of the old Society 
s the question, and nl 
use herself, pay off lho 
urred wilbin her own 
can for a Connly Fair 





Moro Valuable Stock for cur State. 
Br the arrival of Ibo John L. Stephens we have 
fine addition to tbe Durham Stock lor our Dairies 
Pe visited tbe steamer before tho Stock loft th> 
eck, and was highly gratified to sco tbe plai 
doptcd to bring Stock 



aljetee 



i stalls i 



!■■ fur 



encb 


aninu 


bv which tboy could bo 


frin 




r Io cars, and from 


lighte 


em, 


tfitbou 


the usual dangero 


9 man 


fog 


verth 


sides of vessels in 


slinp*. 


1) 


tbis a 


canter came some oi 


rnfin 


Ken 


ncky. 


J. C. Wilson, Esq 


i a 6 


year 


yet full nt activity, a res 


dento 


and 








rive 


, bavin 


g been in the State. 




veer 




ned, bringing with 


lim s 


liar 


aml.l 


om Woodford eou 


tv, K>. 


bron 


ghta 


ne Blood Bull (Kin 


g wn 



in- fori 



d died tl 



bnU-celf, S 



port. He has, however 
sired by Klug William. A splendid cow a 
fortunately died the day after arrival. 1 
have by each steamer canstnnt additions 
Dairy wealth. 

A fine Black-Hawk Stallion also enme 
John L. Stephens, the properly of Mr. Davi 



m), which 
e reaching 
ootbs old, 






< off the ! 
luffed tbe brc 
1 throwing his henvy m 
3 to say, "1 feel t tread on 0; 
ireatho her glorious atmosphere 
s the sight of a proud and beau 



■ _2.«(&3.[ 

Tho ruling prices in New York, ai lasl dales, 
ere as follows: Wheat 1.30 ta 1.G5; the best 
lallly— tbe shipment perDavid Crocket—brought 
50, or over ;jc. Barley sold at 82 to S5. These 



■e great staples 



the 



arrow 



oay that wilh 



ind their i 
JotoaiMup. 
rcry meeting 



ledgo or climate, s. 
tho varieties of sc 
i the grand figure 

Golden Slnlel 









Wo , 



every friend who advoi 
In tbe Legislature to ndvant 
can also atoll thi nsui of 
eppmatU. So we can read tl 
mpart for ors; 



that hnv 



:Ui\ f..n 






know those who bayo been like the a"ari 

lieiuniind we intend, God helping as, 

the record. We prophesied the ruin oi 

Agricultural Society, ir the wrong pla 

were consumated; wo have found lho prophcj 

true, and we now again prophesy ihot every atst 

pUttra i| 10l U0M B01 aaile in tne r j g!lt spitil an 

— ■ ladwulforAKrlculiure.nudlbnlnlo! 



-abjuriag those 
of i 



tbo ram Of many a good 
institutions raa , taq4 . it h lw [i( 
of progress; 



n Ihi, 



gaging the attention of 
section! of our State, tui 
by the wise and good ii 



=d, their righu trarapled'upoi 
ilightedi ibero mlllt De tt fB : 
J for all, and wo ilnceiely hope 
'■'''■' ioteretu 0Il 
e of the btii 



in all 

nsoreswlllbeadoplsd 
P"U of the Sum 



Ir day of power is past and a new era 1nn,k 



Xilfo Aaaurancei 
no eonnlry in the world Is there a grcole 
loity for Lifo Assurance than In California, 
heo wb look around us and eec tbo chances < 



and all, they a, 
ell occupation 
incortain how t 



r the Biodoiick UoDonienb 



sir. Grobb is now at work upon a design for thi 
Irodorick Monument," and be has produced i 
ry honorable proof of his skill. Tho design i 
rely Corinthian : a fluted colomnbrokenoff, lypl 



cry well, b 



•Please Exchange'" 
a request comes to ds from all section! of tho 
Hnlon, and from journals that are neither scientific 
n nny great degree tbe advocates of tho science 
profess to uphold. It comes to us, nlsu, from 
ly journals purely local in character; hut, un- 
doubtedly having soma little interest in California, 
they desire to know (11 nbont tl 
Kr-OIOM. Now this rtjiat may all b 
It comes often from Journals whoto 

ily $1 or S2, wbilo onr* Is $5. Now wo are wil- 
ling—perfectly willing— to oblige, and wo will 
crfully exchange wilh cneh and every ono of 
;b journals that so rtguttt, paovinzn wc shall 
that they will wiiitput chronicle what Is 
worthy of being laid of our glorious State. If 
those journals will only lay "before their renders 
rue character of our beautiful climate, and 
will portray tho richness of our soil, tbo abundance 
if its productions, and speak of onr flocks and 
icrds, our boundless mineral wealth, and of our 
rapid progress in mechanical skill and In the arts; 
if lhey will only inform their renders that wo have 
iooIs, colleges, churches, and all tho rich htcss- 
s ot life, and that these arc constantly on thn 
rense; then wo will cheerfully exchange, aye, 
d them one or two copies extra, for tbeir 
ihhan to rtai, so tbat California may be Iruly 
awn. Tl.ii is one rcasnn why we have exchanged 
.h many journalswe have long met; but wo regret 
ice they do not do justice to California, and unless 



willing to 
fifth in re 






. njSw-aViU. 
i, butrn 



if this kind, wo shall n 



I* -1"- r 



itdeclin- 






New Books— Hosev-Bee.— Wo received by tbt 
Inst steamer a valuable collection or now works, 
from the different pnblisbcrs, of which we shall 
speak hereafter. Among them are tbe following, 
on the Honcy-Bce: Longatroth on tho Bee, Huisl 
on the Bee, Qnimby on tho Bee, Thorpe'! Hivo of 
the Bcc-Huotcr, American Bee-Keeper's Manual, by 
Miner; Bee-Keeper's Chart, by Phelps; Moan " 
Bees, by Weeks; Collage and Farm Bce-Kcepor,by 
a Country Cnmte. Tbcso ore nil valuable works, 
interest now felt for tho Honey- 






<: till' il 



i shnl) 



it stake, 



aid v. 



:iLn frot 



TfiA-vsAcrmiiB of the Massachusetts HonTicUL- 
roEAL Socusir.— We ncknowledgo tho kindness ol 
■his Society in forwarding us, by the hands of their 
very nblo Corresponding Secretary, Eben Wright, 
Esq., the very handsome edition of their ZVflnioi- 
Iim* for the yenr 1H59, nnd also tho Report of their 
Committee on Gardening, Samuel Walker, Esq., of 
Roibury, Chairman. These reports eomo to 
folios, as far as printed. In these documents ivi 
'0 shall maki 



and for which w 



n thanks. 



lining 



favored wi 

Report for 1850. II c 
statistical facts, to which all wl 
rise and progress of our State c> 
and pleasure. We return thank 
General for his conrtesy, and sh 
all our public officers will rcmc 

those great fact! 



4 to advance the t 



PaooEiniSGBOvAo«ict;LTiinAt.Cosi 
iakcisco, Fsn. 14.— Wo have received ft copy of 
e Proceedings of tho Agricultural Convt 
lich was held la this cily on Feb. 24. Thi 
ry neat pamphlet, well got up, and we hi 

at pervade tbis section of tho State tell 
o State Agrioullural Society. 



Lei-T BoWEItfl Of PoKTlCIAM 

remember the young man i 
West, told his rather they y 

igh card wua ; he loo 



the tablet. Upon this tnbl. 
coat-of-orms of onr Stale 



bo 60 feet high, upoi 
ic, within which wil 
Tbis base or tablet I 
t square; tbo access 



ject In view— all ■ 
Tery beautiful, nc 
as well as highly c 



and that of New Vork, 

Over these, the broad 

aliimn surrounded by n 

d the entire design sur- 



■uly chaste, emblematical and 
worthy tbo object designed. 
Jdltabln to tho artist. 



nn us wore placed beyond wa 
wc do not eagerly adopt thai 
Wc hope thii imporlarlt then 



ml ci 



iboso dependent 



i Messrs. liar 



CosoamiosAi Dacrasjns^We - 
c-bii gallons lo Senator Gwln and to 
tnlives, Hetiu. Scan nnd Barch, for 
meots; alio to Bon. Unilng Stoi 
from Patent OKcc. Such favors n 



ur Bepreien- 
iluable do™. 
, for Ite ports 
! appreciated. 



e tbe California people. Both lho Hoi 
I,ang.iratb are valuable improvement; 
•i. Identified tbo ono with ih c other an 
Jon is one Important to be nettled. All 
ms who desiro to sec the Bees at oork in .h, 
scan do so by calling at our garden, corne 
nsonnndroeWc Streets. ' 



opsnlng, but are yet hnrdly In full bloom, 
.-blossom., from appearances, will soon open, 
noneon, though rather later than tbo average 
robably not later than last year. We copy the 
owing notice*, of the opening of the blossom! 
'Ibcr places : 

it Stockton, the Republican of tbo 28 nit. lav. 
noticed yesterday several almond and h 

a'™ tiT '" U* '*' T ' WC nDllC ° b ' """"• 
oinbloomin Calm-. 



eras connly, a week a; 



e Herald of tbe 20th s 



The Hluairntion of tbie Nnrnber. 
l P . f ™ nl ,ht R '"' cn 8™ rit, B of SUr 



... . umun in mcir 1 actor 

Warehouse, nnd Ihel, increased stocks of a 

that wo should "keep them \%£Z p 1 ^'" 4 



i-i Tl l r, 



1: thu I 



ITAt TltERlODTA 

-All who play shoi 
o, returning from t 



int West there, 
n political play 



Calamitous FLre. 



.Ve say eaUniiota Ere, for it struck upon the 

■tinonton's Aopcs— upon his industry— nnd swept 

ny the fruits of yenrs of his tell, We nre pained 

mnko tho record of so much calamity to tho in- 

jtrioos workmen of our city, eomo of whom 

have often been scorched by tbe Dames of similar 

!sfortune3 before ; but wo trust each nnd all will 

nr ap manfalty against what was beyond their 

control. Wo trust nlso tbat in Ineir boar of adver- 

ity all wilh whom tbey hnvo dealings will be 

mlent in their business relations — remembering 

int "prosperity saint friends, and adversity tr'ui 

jbiu"— and let a high nnd generous spirit of aid 

nd encouragement bo given to all who have thns 

uffercd, and every person with whom lhey have 

had dealings make a little extra exertion to give 

tin oss ; so tbat, like the phatnix, 

tbey shall rise from Ibo ashes in new beauty and 

strength, every man'B heart shall bo encouraged and 

every man's arm bo held ap. Such deeds go up to 

cot smelling savor," nnd they 

always bring back a rich reward to him who sen. 

tcrs smites and new hopes among the afflicted. 

Tho firo to which wo allude was tbe Mechanic 
Mills, situated corner 
owned hy Snmael A. lletealf, Esq. The building 
took firo nt about 11 o'clock a. St., this c 
ported from a soger), and was consumed in 
bliel time, although tbo bravo Fircmca worked 
liko very herons. Wall may our city boast that 
wo bava tho most daring and successful Firemen 
in the world I 

Tho following are tbo sufferers: Samuel i 
Mt'tcnlf, owner of tho Mills ; Sawing and plnnin 
mills ; Farrish k Wudbams, tub and pail mnnufac- 
tory; Davis & Holler, wood-turiicrs; Jnn 
klynn, door and sash factory ; Aaron Brooks, bed- 
stead manufacturer; Smith h Bishop, shingl 
machine. Tho loss here waa about $30,000 t 
$35,000, and falls heavy on all — being chiefly upon 
Industrious mechanics. 

In addition, wo lenrn that, ndjuining this build- 
ing, tho firo destroyed: Tyler k. Clnpp's splco and 
coffee mills; Oakley k. Jnakson's suit works; Mr. 
Lungland's stair factory; Conroy k Wioegar's salt 
worke. Hero eomo SS,0i)D more loss occurred— 
making thu total from 835,000 to £-10,000. 

In all these enterprises our whole community ie 
directly interested. Lubnr is crippled; many men 
of employ for 



v.ilh,, 






and outirgy parol- 



iscd. A kindly word, a genial s 

deed will tell. One of thesi 

rich can do much, and all can do something; for 

it Is so easy lo scatter sunshine. It blesses, the 



Vaxdk's Gallebv.— Ther 


is no 


belter' place of 


esort than this famed arti3 


ic gallery. Everybody 


hould take time to visit it, 




case their own 


ove of the beautiful, nnd 


If they 


invc bnl little, 


or if they have none, here i 


tbn pi 


cc to create it. 


Those who have n Home 


sliould 




jrap/i of it and a picture o 


all the 


'loved ones at 


tome," while in lifo and 


health. 




hose wo love is beyond al 


price, a 


nd there is no 


artistic work that can s 






Vance's Gallery. 







Health PnL-SEUvEn.s.— We would call ntteo 
lo the Advertisement of Galvanic Batteries in 
other colnmn.-nnd valuable Medical Works. Tboy 
are iavaluablo in tbeir results. We haio expe- 
rienced great good through the medium of r 

server of health and a restorer of it, if it has been 



ir city, calls t 



lilt .T 






Now, neighbor, wo 

—We cloim a larger./Wa' 

Wc claim tho whole Slatc^ — can't bo fenced into 

nnt city— nc lake Uneln Som's lines of lho entire 

boundary, thank you. Caufohkia Farsieu, if you 



,,W 



nrd. That 



all do in . 



nuly. 



ilbo sold for a "mos 

Bask xt Tba.— Tbo: 
may Bad lho very bes> 
the "Baatit Tra," don 
dollar 



A rich in bori lance that tbo 
enthed to tbe city and citizens 
Iheir Blrlh-rlgbt. Never let 

IBS Of pultOgO." 



up in 



the East Indie. Tea Store, Ws 
ton street. Wo hove tried it, and tnou. It t 
No. 1. Tbero is plenty of what is called to 
like tho sago will make an Aero drink, but 3 
half as good or an Ata/% as tbe real sago i 
East Indin Tea Sioro Is one of lb 



nelly a 



will 1. 



.iin. I a 



1 promptly, und nil parcels I 



AKQTiir.R Counorms or Ftowsna,— Wo have 
again to ackuuwledge Ihc receipt ur a choice lot 
of Plowery Plants from onr friend L. Provost Ksq, 
of Sun Josa Gordons. Among this choice group' 
wo find rare Roses, Lilacs, Myrtles, P Msion eio „, 
ers, Jessamines, and nlso the Siigo Palm, besides 
inme Ltergreens of raro kinila. F„, ,(,..„ „ 
friend has our werm< 

has marc eLolcu plan 

SSSS? " "" M ™"' '» ««•. ' 



ccoo.vtb from Washington, by ibo Overland 
1 v. Im.Ii I. it St. Luui.- .hi tbo Gth of February, 
e IbalJ. W. Forney was elected clerk of the 
se on Ibe 3d. The vole stood: Ferncy 111, 



• a thought be bad secured the ofli, 



»ey (ov 



.l.i.lpiHl) t, 



to the organization. 

A posl-oriice deficiency t.ill li.i : : h, 
and Scott or Ibis Statu' |-„v L . noti. 
Bailroad and Telegraph bill. 

Eitcnslvo corruptions iu printit 
1j.iv. litcu i>j.,,-..-l I,-, i tlr in..' .ti.'iit- 

Tho Kunsas Lcgislaturr. li». tn^ 
"i'i:ntr:il nv.-rlnnil r.,tii 
]n-.--. I.,cing a rcgrgnni; 
Eipri'J.-'- Cnuipiny, with 
wider lieUl uf ,.|„r.,i;,,„ 



.ui.i l-i! 



euairoittee. 
orated ibe 
. I • .t Vl- 



Philadelphia, i: 
Union Party. I 



Pub., t 



lutions were ndoiit..-.! .iri.'ui.-- 
lion of a party combining all 
ments of the country. No per- 
-■.«. ™™™ ule .,, t 'd iiis ,i, ;U i, i, 1 1,™ bm let'"-" 
pprovlng lho object of the meeting were i 
rom the Hon. Eilw.ml Kvtr. tl ll.su Milliard 1 
lore, Hon. E. M. i.'„ur.i,l r m i,',,, snj lion. J. M- 
lotts. Tho patriotic s..niiiii,nt: in His letter were 
r.rLtirl Willi tin- pri'.nc^t ni.plouio. 



SnuE weeks since, nays iho N. Y. Scalpel, ft 
observed at tho beautiful cottogo of our friend Dr. 
Curnolisou, oo Bergen Higbu, a very iuteresliog 
fact illostraiing the paternal pride om] nlfcctlon cf 
tbo male turkey. The hen bad died and lefta I 
Hock or young uii.',. uml ll,,„|,l i;0L .|; i o0 k tliew 

:!■" hahn,) ■„«-..l.- ( , ii„dsy 

deliglito'f 

-r-.-s lo their 

o the fntbcilf 

bough of a beau- 

ue motherly style. 

.ongst lho featoBtt 



tbe chicks, poi 
juvenile expel 
old fellow, uni 



he gnisshnppi 
I. 0. 1 * 
mdin, 

ding his iar g e"ivi„^. !u„ 



n father 



Atilifsl 



l«r (.'Miii i 

the four ye 

purls of -b 



A Bao BrsiS,— Tho Transcrlpl says Ihot or. 
Jur mercantile friends was somewhat polled 
-entlyanrccelvIn B obillforicngroBS "li 



TH E CAL IF OENIA J? A. E M E R . 



29 



STATE SUMMARY. 

Tar tt.iripwa Qanlin esiimot* that 20,000 or 30.001 
people -ill go frnm Californinto Washoe, Mono Lak. 
' mai Walker's River, this spring and tuinmtr. 



IIiiums of wild gooso, tbo Mariposa GuaUa say* 
•napoo III -j plains, brtneon the Sue Joaquin ud lh< 
Taolnmne. They hare n good idea nf ho« far a pin is 
*a«'J v t , ud fan arc killed. 



SI ud ponnds. All doing SK-1L- So says the 



r7OTIn (roil from the Sttseol HttrscrloB eoinprislni 
nnl TurfctitJ of lata-kecping apples and pears,™ at 
Oy noticed, ill luge >iied, of good flavor, ud with. 



,.-.:::- I.. -1 = l-l the StntO ,..! 



;r thousand feet, ana a! 



either this irinter hu enabled lbs firmer! to p 
ir grain in good ruod, nod fhoj hnvu imprur 
pottuniij. A moch larger Dumber of acres w 
■n than at oat former period, a great deal of pt 



Of siitj-onn Acts passed, by tbo present Lejrislsture. 
ud uhlob hare become Una by tbo approval of tbi 



A pbojf.ct I* on tbo lapii in Pclalucua, says the Joor- 
naJ, Torino formoliooof aioekoj clnb.nnd the procuring 
in tbo immediate vicinity of a tract of land sufaQisutly 
large and veil adapted for a tint elan race track. The 
track "ill [ui'iiiM^ -" i;iiri-n op on the joint elock prin- 
ciple, and is capeetcd lo prove a good investment. 

Tbb AlatnoJs County Agrieoltural Socinly have been 
graatui by Iho Board or Supervisors the appropriation 
of SJ00 aolhoriicd by tbo Legislature. Tbo Eoaid at 
A«l ttjecttti lie proposition, bat reversed their action 
od tbo presentation by iho President nf the Society of a 
petition ntimiroodyji-ocdby theeiliiensol tbo county. 



Cast. TnotLiir, of Mariposa, the Gniette lay 
procured a lot of wood from one of tbo fallen fj|g Ttvn, 
which Iks near tbo South Fork Meado-a. Tbo wood 

beautiful grai", and bt In g dressed and votnl-Ij '.-■■]. !■.■■ 

Fane; botes aro being mado of it. 



Toe whole fanning community at Red Bluffs, in 
thoBoaeon, are sadly out of humor an scconnt of I 
continued droachL- If rain docs not visit the earth it 



A no-ex machine Tor tbo reclamation of nramp-lacd 
hu just been made lo Stockton, says tho Republican, 
for Einoey Lanius. It ii mi, ...l-l to col a ditch four 
feet wido and four feet deep. Ita capacity to perform 
the work properly trill be tested at an early day. If 
the plow .book! be entirelysuecesj.ru]— ofB-hieh it 
Btruetor I* pretty xangulnc — tulo lands can bo roch 
aheapcr than uplands can bo Inclosed with asubiL 



Quelle, Wo. 



;:-V-ai:aJ 



tbo tillage of Alamo, in Su Ramon Valley. A mora 
lovely or more healthy location than this could not have 
been found — ouL'idti of L,nr own "lovelier vj 1 ! ,::'■ .-I" rln- 
plain"— Id the county. Tbo Institution will be opened 

for tbo rceepti.i, r.l -cut.lar,. -:i M.,„,l„ ; , | -.>,}, ,„,!,„!. 
under the superintendence of Rev. David JJ^Clur-. 
gentleman cmii...i,il v oiirilifiyl f..r [he ini>i[i..o I-, ..l,i I. 
he has been appointed. The Trortooi of Iho Academy 
have issued a Circular lo the public. 



from Oakland. Two men wore at work in a ravine 
there, and when our informant left they bad punedont 
about *20. *H-.-y Ml- confj'ltnlof Ci-lin;: it it, r ,:,vit,^ 
quantities. The diggings am Dear the lii,., divi.ii-u- 
Alameda nod Contra Coila counties, and not far from 
Conltliu'- Ilntcd, the place where the lat* botolclde by 
W. C. Pen;.' cvurr-.-'i. «'.: pri-urne UI111 tin tin,,- the 
whole ooigbborli-.-,.! i. cliiitui 1 :iii.[ it-ikcd off. Ponons 
Intcading to lo^ilo Ihero will do well to bo on hand at 
u early day. 

In noticing Iho proposed law for oipdUng the Chinew 
from Iho mines, thai ably conducted Journal tbo Ban 
Andreas Independent present! Iho Cbincso question in a 

"Tho object of tbo hill Is evidently to drive ihbi class of 
people frum tho mlors,- an d it has our hearty approba- 
tion. They b:ii-..- i..r, 3i L . in.. ji,|..|, t „t,l n nulaance. All 
the gold Ihcy dig, clc.'pl the small pittance required fur 



and divided their fo 



„--, ., ..^ „. ^, cuuOLLtOD. TbO 

KS? tuo m^n^'orWe^Vacgo 5 A £?-? ^ 



I. Report says nil that 



■n Eel River. From what was knoa 



wpyfromonrSncramonto papers tho Mb 
neb pleasure ud gratllrcallonj for It ii 1 
if Iho wisdom ..f nun ud the Snint (ende 



L-llLs V. I 



Most truly do no wish our friend many yean of 
connubial bless; and as wo have always bad a high 

ud Sculptor; wo trust thai by the aid of a good help- 
male we shall, Id tho "good lime coming," behold new 

nature, ud that all the models or his handiwork shall 
indeed bear evidence of DibsH skill and workma 



At the lata annua! meeting of the Stockholders 
California Steam NarlgstioD Company, tho following 

"«r.oW, That it is iooipedient to pay any 

outside boats, other than these with whom an an 
:lita,and that the general tense 



letting- to 
Id vie- of It 






,rly day to le 
■ tho Corapa. 



Company, end which h, 

tho Trustees were nuthoriied 
enevcrin tbelr JudgmcDl they 



A OKSm.uHS,ll from lVcstern Ulab reports that he 
a mass or rich lead ore, of about 00a hundred pound* 
weigh!, which was taken from tbo Galena Vein, lately 
found, in the bills cast of Smith's Valley. 



BEE-HIV33S I 

Tho following Is an extract taken from Iho edreTtlsrmei 
f the AcuttortneLuxitnanBae-Hlvet.lDuioCai.iroKtr] 

■"See Bnber on Bee,, published In London, 1HI. 1 Te 



icuciblo for anvthlaf cli 



ii, alrciiy detoilnl, boio ihowi ton thii hlio adulued 

'■■' .';.;'!. 7. ,1 !■■ L.. r.ll |ur, . ■ i.i.-E (!j, .1-.. , i.. r | ^. 

I: - - ■ n - ■ . rji ■ . - J, . I ^, 3 . 1 -. : . ■ - 1 !j , M r . JJ , ,c ,i | ,: :i l| c,;::, n - i n .,-li 

!- ' ■■ . *-■■: d.i-inlj Tjryiae In the samo proportL 



""■^ 






J. S. HAHB ISOK . 

I, Jobn C. Birr, a Horary Public, In and for (be county c 
i compared the above extracts wild the ortcunl public* 

, ^^*, VTtiDrri my band led official seal thla 3d day e 
' "-v*- > 'jflO. C. BABlt, Hetary Public. 



TJae California 

B E E-H IV EI 

The BEST, and hence iht CHEAPEST 
Hijx ever offered la Bee-keeper. 



Bee-semers wiiblor to purchase 1J1VES, or ItlQlITSt. 
I- WnllSER,E«ei.nu-nlo(General A|tuU). 



tjtua c. w'lutea, Hwiion. 



Tho Price or IVOIVLUirAl, HmilTH lo (15 

h^^b.forwwdodtbron.b Wt.]*,F. W ic<«,.7my 
tVoruity or Stale Rights will be sold on terms edrto- 
Tir ;-;-.:'! Ti.tiooi ted (Jtslms of my Patent will bo jrisen 
.W^"eo'mo^idb 1 T'[,'L J li ' ""' DEFE '"? T 



C H U F AS 

OR 

Eartn-Almondst 

mats or OltUPaa or EABTIJ.ALMOllDa, lor sale by 

S. W. MOORE, 

beed TaiuDue, no Coliiornia (tret 



Coal, Wood, Charcoal, &e, 

Pacifk street, between Powel and Mason 



' rBAHOIfJOO. 



Eataft 6izo LBwton BlBckbetry Kant*. 

Se4^,^^ 5w.»!S?522 2ZZK2 



COAL-OIL LAMPS ! 

1,300 DOZEN 
COAL-OIL LAMPS! 

Deitz's Unrivaled Burner; 

Unit limplti, Convonieut, and Economical 
Lamp in me, 

JTJ8T RECEIVED, 
EX 
EMILT PARNOM, SUMATRA, MOON- 
DAY, PANTHER, NAPJBE, 
AND BY EXPRESS. 

CHANDELIERS, 

For CHURCHES and PUBLIC HALLS, 
Ttvo, Three, fui.r, and Bis: LIstttta Each. 

LANTERNS, 

TOR QUABTZ-iULLS, BAW-MILLS, WHARVES, 
STABLES, HOTELS, As., fto. 

HAND LAMPS, 

PARLOR LAMPS, 

SUSPENSION LAMPS, 
SIDE LAMPS, 

KITCHEN LAMPS, 
BH.LIARD LAMPS. 

PEICES LOWEE 

*Flxain. Et7-gx- Before. 

FOR SALE IN LOTS 

TO SUIT THE TRADE. 

Corner Front ia- 1 Cal I fornla streets. 

RETAIL STORES: 
imer Munt t i>m. ry and Cullloriiln HlxMtn, 
ihlntftan iltnr, ttllrd di 



3E» AOIPI O 

Oil and Camphene Works 
HAVE REMOVED 

TO THE SPACIOUS STORB AT THE CORNER 

OP CALIFORNIA AND PROMT STREETS, 

lvTinro thej offer for salt 

Tho Host Extensive Auortirient of 
BuxtXsVIxlst Materials, 
AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES. 

STANFORD BROTHERS, 
Pacific Oil and Canii.uriK- Works, 

Cornet of Front ud California rlrcob. 



MAIN & "WINCHESTER, 

MAKTUFACTTJBBEB 
Sam and ImmrUin of jTjjJt 

* HARNESS,^ 

S addles, Bridles, 

WHIPS, COLLARS, 
SADDLE- WARE, &C. 

Ho. 82 Battery street, 

BetneoB Lone Wharf led Saorauooto slroot, 
SAN FRAKCISCO. 

N.B.— Re P :iirltis;|,mniptlf oltonricl to— Good as 

sot CONCORD STAUE HA UN ESSES 5TA' 

STOCKS, and LASHES, .jf the bestqualltv.conslau 



SPERM OIL. 

8 1,000 GALLONS IFINTEK SPERM OIL, 
6,000 Oalloos SPEKM 0IL,fraui liooolnlo, 

STANFORD BROTHERS, 
PaelSo Oil and Campbotie Worka, 

Cnmer of Fionl and Cal I forola streets. 



LARD OIL. 

6 000 GALLONS LARD OIL.ei "DonQnlio- 
,UUU and "Rlaek Hank," A superior arliols 



STANFORD H BOTHERS, 

Pacific. 011 and Camphene Woiki 

Carrier of Front aud California streets 



POLAR OIL. 

,000 GALLONS POLAR OIL, t 



STANFORD BROTHERS, 
Pacific Oil and Campheiie Works, 

Comer of Front and California streets 



10 



COAL OIL. 

QQQ QALMNsTlISTBN'S CELBBRATED 



CO OALLON8 BOSTON COAL OIL, and oil 
brands, at 81 26 PER GALLON. 
Far uli be 

STANFORD BROTHERS, 
Facile Oil and Oampheae Wotka, 

C«">c.t of Front antl California sine Is. 



CAMPHENE. 

HaHai a stll I » ith a eapacltv of more (ban 

2,000 Gallons Every Two iitj-Fonr Ho nro 

Wo can sell 

Camp he ne of a Better Quality, 
LOWER PRICES 

nan anr other establishment on tbo Paclfis Coast. 

Largo suic-N and Smtui i-nxiis" 

Will be tho nit of on honsa, 

STANFORD BROTHERS, 
FaelUc Oil and Catni4eo< Works, 
t Comer of Front ni CnlllomU streets. 



P A I N T SI! 
@ OILS! a 
WINDOW GLASS! 

ttoo.. tlbo., ctoo. 

THE MOST EXTENSIVE STOCK 
IN THIS STATEI 

For Sate at Loivest Rates, by 
D. J. OLIVER, 

OLIVER & BUCKLEY. 

86 and Be WASHINGTON STREET, 

BAN ZPHAlNraXSCO. IB*" 



AUCTION SALE 

JOHN C. BELL'S, 

c o xj n i BLOCK, 

SOS. 183 AMD [St CLAV STREET, 
BEAR KEARNY-, 

CARPETS, 

OIL CLOTHS, 
WINDOW SHADES, ETC, 

I SHALL CONTINUE TO SELL HY STOCK Of 

UiihoIceiT Goads, st the lov.r--i :,- ■ r . ■ . '. >\- ;-'•' 

tlwi 'out's 1 PIJrlLV K AUCTION™ui n k0 O r^' 1 f a r L 'onr 

BOTICE. 
mlDdthotl ism J-lcrm)ood lu •-.■II (uoii fiKurtruiu «nj other 



BANKER S, ETC. 
MARK BRUMAGIM & CO., 



CALTfOHSU, 

Sight Bills 

Bank of Commerce, •-■-"-'- Boston. 
SIGHT AND TIME BILLS 

American Exchange Bank, New York, 

Available In tho Principal Cities of tho Union and 
the Canadu. 

One -half per cent par Month Imarett Allowed on ear 









in.s° BTruMAofi™ CO. 



PIOCHE & BAYEEQUE, 
AGENTS AND BANKERS, 

UOKTOOUEBV Btrekt, CoKKim OF JaokboNi 

SAN FRANCISCO. 



OPPEitaiKS, 



PliiVlt. 






ntTESTHENr OF 8MALL CAr?rTAIS,8AVH?QB, Eto. 



[ [.',,. UN:- ,.i |,urchMO, TBrtoes Pr 



l>llpt.B^ c.ufi.mi^ c< 



J, aarkoi, WooLiomorF, 
rn»n, Btockton, Third, 

jo of I20U 10*10,000 I, A 



1 uo nnderslirnot »ni aim sell, Id aaroo manner, fjoarci of 
tu aui FnnciKU Uj. Cuoipnjjv. rociomonio Valley BaUr^il 

Cities or -sanFraucluM.-BertmcnlnT^s^.rillc.'V.Dj™^,— ' 

-'- "-"SU!. Also, Frcncn, En'fllsn, sod olhcr''t'iin.p<M Sccu- 

ro*t rrlll be allowed to purcharera en Ihetr respcclirti 

p i oc ei eTi *HArtaQOE, 



SCHREIBER'S 

PTJLTJ DEPOT. 

THE DEMAND for this article of BEDDING 
Is Increasing morn than tenfold every year. I 
ire it Is used, the bettor it Is liked. 

FOR CHEAPNESS AND DURABILITY 

.rra are m nuts to have o constant lunplj di'rcct from the 
slnnds. lamalsorooolvlnehynrcryCllr^nriL.ir^.. 
CURLED UAIJl, BBD.LAOE 
jr. O. MOSS, SOFA-SMIXGS, 

CORIT JIUSKS, lfATT/l/:^.;:n!)_\<;S 

TWOFE, ETC., ETC, 

.* TJphaLrtccn' Netdlea, ™ D rtod sties. 



Den tern in Fur 
thin.; In my line, 



ling, wnntlng nny- 
-espectfalljr Iniltel to gdro mi 

^(""ranaoB^ 

H.a— All orders from Ihecounlty promptly •Ucejed to, 

Polii Warehonso, 104 Batter; itreet, 

Saw FnAsciBco. 
**" JACOO SCBREIDBK. 



Bees, Bee-hivesj Honey 

REV. L. L. LANGRTROTH ; S 

MOVABLE-COMB HIVE! 
HIRAlfl HAMILTON, of SAHIA CLAKA, 

APIARIST AKD AGBNT 

or llw Bboi-fi named Pntcnt Hive, for Cnlifarnln 

Orngon nnd Wtuiliineton. 

sW Persons srisblng e>n obtain lodivlduol RIQHT9 
within ni.l Btates and Tarrilery by sending (K5, by 
Wells, Farp. and Co.'s B,p [B! s, to the nnderslgoool. 



SantaClnra,Feb !n,H 



UDAAJI DAMILTOK. 



ALEXANDER H. TODD, 
Produce and General Commission Agent, 

D. M CLAV i.'Iit.i;ivT, M..MI UAVI8, 

SAN FRANCISCO. 

"unlry" " " '"" n,lnJ ^' »"»""■ "to»«hSn'ti r ; 



iAdlee' Dresi Trimmings, 

HOSIERY, ■JSJDEIR-Lirn-Bisr 

HOOP SKIKTS. 

And orery article forLadias 1 aod Children's use. 
isi o MR3 ' D ' NOROROSa, 
W Saeratnento siroot, nbote Uontgomery. 

Paciao Frlnnro Dlanumctorv t ! t 

DRES3 TRIMMIHOa O0RJJ3, 

OIRDLEa, T4S38LB * 

Constantly on hand and mada to ordar. 



MSurainrolv street ti-ni lit 



Bryant Hill. Lawla Lillla. 

J. BRYANT HILL & CO,, 

COMMISSION DEALERS AITS J0SRERS IK 

AFRUITS, BUTTEfl. l^ 
S OHBE3SEI, 7 3BS. 
POULTRY, ECCS, ETC., ETC. 
Sos. G3 and 69 Illercliant Street, | 



1. Fall, O. O. BrlRta, Maryssllle: Oca C. h tlulehhuni 
seronvniloi H. W. PsLncr, D r . mi^ Alameda; Culler 
Bra. A Co., Thos.FeDon, San Josa; W. F. While, 
Fajeroi Jadie Blsotbora, Banta Cm; J. 0. 
Maxwell, W. B. AUcrhury, Santa Eom; 
Frod.RohraT,fiuuorna; L. O. LllUe, Sul- 
phur Bnrinsai J. S.flraesrtl, Marin 



PACIFIC TIN-WOEKS, 

Ho. tnl CLAY STREET, 
BA.X-T PRANOISOO. 

3B . O . AtrSTIKT, 
TIN AND SHEET-IRON WARE, 

Plain, Fancy and Japanned Ware, 

STOVES AHD BT0VK FtrHiTITTrHB, EHAHELED 

WARE, TINBED IROH WARE, C0FfEE-BILL3 

FRY^AHB, BAEE-0VEH8, fto, Oc, 

Tho Inrgcat aesortuient of rendy-mnde TIN- WARE 



IMPORTANT TO SHEEP -OWNERS! 
POWDERED TOBACCO, 



AM 



-WllWi r 



n POUHIi-Tha bast arlielo haoon 



CHEAP LEAF- TOBACCO, 

pan of tho Stele. Addrsu 

ADOLPU BUTllO A CO, 



LAWRENCE a HOUSE WORTH, 

OPTICIANS 

lYo. IT* Cloy Street, 

GOLD, BILVEE, AND STEEL 

Spootaolos, 

With the best ouality of Qlaoer, and th. •ri.hlnltd 

BRAZILIAN PEBBLES 

P*« Olaasea, nt»B«el. M, r u|„ " '~ 

HaHne aioaaea, Tsiersnomntera' 

Sliyfilaasee, Dmirliig lB i 

BTEItEoaCOPKS AND VIEWS ETC 
Dlreat LaperUrs of Jo.,-,,1, BoKlati, ,t 1, ' 

Pooket-knive*, Ea; 



llFOENIA FARMER. 






gatitu' glrgartm mt. 

LIZZIE WILD! WAgHEH. M, II Bdltrcs ^ 

HZSIAK'B MEMORIES. 

THE STORY OF AN INCOMPLETE LIKE. 

irnin- Kco^fiS lbn ^ ° r ibn ! 
blow, no suflmd not so much iron, inc [' ll -' jl1 ;' 
injury it inflicted, as from "ic sorrow anil limn 
occasioned by sncb ■> rnouif. Hc llvcd for mon J 
wcefcs, but never left bis Rifle « ucll _ a S™, ■""- 
wonlu moan and tremble whenever his «,nick cm 
caught the sound of Ibo distant appro aching foot- 
steps of his father. 

Uv huabaml fU very gentle with Ibo chili 
through, oil IhH strange, slow illness. And I knof. 
inn Edivj cherished no rancourons memory o 
this wrong, for when ho died, and Claude !al 01 
one side, and I, hi* despairing mother, on ihi 
other, held his cold hands and pillowed bis broad 
■bile broir, wliilo the denih damps gathered, ft>' 
Ibo last lime, upon my bosom, be whispered nraon) 
bis last words of earth and lis oUeclinuJ, a lavin[ 
message or forgiveness to bis absent foiher. 

When my hn»bnu<J come home, straight from tin 
scene of desperate debauchery, where Claude 
after long seeking bad found hira, and taw Edwj J i 
•till cold form stretched open tho little bed when 
he bad died, be was maddened, ili; frflnij eM 
fearfal to behold, and it was long before, subdue* 
by-Uhanslion, ho fell into a deep slumber ,:bn 
luted many hours. Ha remained at home, qnietl; 
and soberly, until after ihe funeral had lakci 
place, and Ihea, as if Enable longer to endnre. hi 

nan of our lonely boose, he plunged oucomor 
into the vile bnunts or his nccostomed dissipation 

The carouse thai followed was his last. After, 
few days ha was brought homo in a raving do 
lirium, and for mouths by the victim of a lioger 
iag illo-ess, from wlich we looked for. no recovery 
It is ruy consolation to remember that inallthl 
season of deep distress, 1 tailed in no daty.no 
tender core, that even the moat loving wire cool 
have bestowed. 

It was daring this illness tbat Claude sailed for 
Californio. An offer very tempting to a j 
straggling yonog man, lared him to lb- 
gold— the new Dorado. Ho debuted th< 
long with himself, I believe, before he decided 



SHU I received kindness and sympathy where it 



le that 



poke o. 



itllthe < 

subj.cl 



I had no< 
than in 1 
the Kjiy t 



bade him 
r needed his comforting prum-nfi- mot 
it honr, I would not selfishly standi 
bis advancement. I didnot feci, eitlie 



a the -b 



■I easily purl from 



still be i 
t«ccn us. 
1 HLi metier eonld 
only-child, but she 

saw tbat he had quite decided upon his o< 
She came to lire with me, and Claude arrang 
things for her comfort and convenience wi 
lectio Dale forethought. 

TLh- honr of parting came and passed. Tl 
mother had shut herself and ber sorrows In' 
olliodt of ber own room, and I sat besid 
sleeping husband, with tho hut words o 
broiher-fricod ringing in my ears. With hid 
about me, with his kisses lingering on my 
and lip, he had whispered frantically : 

"Ob,inriaml would Ibut I might have 
you from a (ate like yours; would that 1 1 
bare found my life's happiness In maklu] 
happy 1" ' 

I attached no meaning to those words - 
brother might not bavo gitun tbem, and yet they 
hauated me strangely, and I found myself wishing 
more (ban once that be had not uttered them. 
' There wo? a greal blank In my life after he left 
us, but the Increasing illness of toy husband, and 
onr poverty, left me little leisure nini&l days of 
ndujgcace of lonely feelings. But 
nlw-yi brought me great dtllgut, 
• «« lire eagerly watched for, nnd read oa joyfully 
by me as by his mother. 

A yeu after Claude's departuro my hosban 
died, lie had been strangely gentle ondpatlei 
in hii long illness, and 1 felt mora lovingly ti 
ward him in those days of suffering and novcrr 
than ever before tine. I had borao hie nam 
Lovingly, y« nol . intth , , ifo , ( laTfl . WTOth 
with a 
of tho i 



Claude's 



or a time changed the i 
brother-friend, to ask 



. icslioniog glance tin elicit 

ply, that its lore was given to oa 

' the wife of hira who bad b 

my first and only bmu-futKir. 

Fbis was during hi, illnes; 

sbtauk appalled at the thought It 

■ 'icb he had arrived, h — ' 



jekoowled 



i of tho spirit nroduully bc- 
freed from the bomb ol the pFiy>icnl, 

in the soui that should be peacefully pre- 
ut Its great change. This terror that I 
loQinatcd In that moment, oven uver the 
irilh which I hailed the new revelation 



■In- ,-.,!. 
WeySIr. 
approved tber 



self of tho offer that lured 





only 'Co 


me 


' and, i 


tl 




,„ ...,.,,. 












Of 111,.- t! i 


tli, 1 iri] 


1 


■ r,.l-r. il ■ 
oo key, lu 




otter lo 


B>[ 


:ed uf l.j 
and well 


Il gave 




tg words. 


















owledgii 


E. 


t,n !■:, i 


y-.ll. Lb, 



rotber. The yen ibouglji 
an iuCk'liLj- ia theme---- 
whom 1 had never 



'iug, by 1, 



l,l,.l, 



of its nniaral expression. 

Oo the very day of his death camo one of 
Claude's letters, which by his request I opened and 
read lo hira. It brought as ncconnis of Iba dear 
wanderer's success, and ' gave us bull, great 
pleasure. After I had fiuldied, my husband lay a 

long while quiet and thoughtful. Tun j-im- 

be feebly took my band lu his, anil uked me lo' 
1'sten to him for a JilUe linie. He spoke of my 
strange aversion In our early marrinee qnvi nod 
forthefirst time asked me to irfl hlin i- " ' , 
He be KR! d me Lo bl $ n hM far not ^.^ ^^ 
more eannsttr to win back my lore ; and above 
all he proyed me lo p«Jna the surkrlne- the sor- 
row.andtha.b.mehehad brought upon me. 
Then be spoke of Claude u lLc onl ,. ,,,,.!,. , 
whom I would have «ay claim „h ( n !,," b,,,,..!,. 
was gone, for my parenli B tIft [^ n - r j , 
and I shall never forget with what OLitub .'V 
remiuded me that b„ had ,1,™,, ptg|i nn J 
lirely approved our nffeellcnate t«r.-r. -. ,- 
that nothing ever bad shaken, or could ih i! T 
perfeci confidence In the two being, j^Z "* 
hiru gi unrib. This he lado me repent iu ci! i" 
That night be died, nnd I wn- left alone I 
P««ty, with broken bealth and wasted bop, ,' "i 
««le(tal DneW „ rUEKlD wi , hthd Bamcr l;. lu 
0! my uahappy f Qtc , i|)ad-l™n„i , 



comeliness had withstood the 
venn and Borrow. For bis snk 
boon beautiful, though 1 knew 



; WHEELER & WILSON'S 

FIRST PEEMIDM 
«r- j^. mm: »: ^-* "*? 

SEWING 

SMAOHINESI 

AT 
ItEDUCED HATES! 

fbo character of Wheeler ft Wilson's Sowing Jloehlnn 

!..n !■■■■■ -' ■ ■ : 

a of all the papers In tho country. Nmlce what ibo 
..-:.. American sayi— tho looding mechanical nnd 
. .,,. Avi 6 are 1 nVv*w''a tffeal many inaolrieo ftr Sewing 
,, J r „ „ Machines, Tram all parts of thoeonnin, and as woeon- 
1 , , not eonvonlonlly reply to Ihom all by mall, no have 
idered, llll)U hl . l0 I, ,■„■.,, |„| IBO t them In tbbi public 

buman manner. Wn havo uto.1 Wilsra'. PBlon^ mnnufaclured 

-i hi the Wheeler A ffllsoo Unnuficlunnif Coinpany, ho 

d Broadway, and wo can -ay in ,„■.>..! 1 . J ll,lli:.tui- 
■llbnulurival. It Is (im I .lo,n V !s>..jlj-|.jl ■■-![;! -T-.-.-r. 



Tie Highest PremiuyiiB Were Awarded 
THESE MACHINES 



I seem lo 




r tho vn 


cos of tb 


de 


,,rt,. 


colling 
































(1 


: golde. 


b. .til. Ill 










It 








of Ih 
















dwell with 










0. Cos*., 




oary, 16 











OF TUB GOODNESS OF OOD. 



With the trullij I havn lo say." 
Sow tho speaker 1 . iuko thrilled softly 



il Irinbl Loner of spring. 



Hewn 


i|.-.n 1 


. ,11 


I heart. 


Oodisg 


orlous. 


■aid, i 
























to liim. 


Can we 


eckop 


,, h, 








i skies ; 






,i in 


wisdom 










Thnngh 


to wan 


or in 




























alaklag 


ill the 


leasa 


as round us. 
















oof God. 


But tho 


wisdom 


nr.Tn 




Sni 


canb. 




















Al F«r l a* 


'^Zl 


£&? 


o thickly 






llhou 


gbB W grasp. 



Alt the raaoy bcnatlci 



f i\,;~, ,i 


cp, changeless, self-sacrificing, 










ngth 1 e 






or me; that the lorcof Ch,udc 








look fair abeet of paper aod 












iloua suspense, I endured (be 












g with words or lore and joy. 


thought 


dearest Miriam, to anil l n tbo 








mpallcncc by nn iron will, he- 




I shall lo?c ranch property. 1 






"■I. ■ 


bavo gained here, by my f uur 
remitting toil. I want It all to 












tute, nnd cause her to forget 



ows that she Is the .t„ t o£ m y destiny, and i 
l-"|.,t u.lhnj-ly tarry t this distance from 
"lile nerer never" 1 "T" "t"^ m 
How I treasured ihls le 



L [ — ' tr-'-'i'-'i H.i- [.II.,,.-. „| ir , . ;, , , .,, 

!'>■'■>'>>. "'-'■ ' tv-iled for his eoTCV iTlored 
him upon Urn broad ocean, with bearl and eva 
■I'orbediu my homo.ln the doti,-,,,,,,,. „„..:: ' ", !" r,lll! ' ; '" r ««"l'«'..rJ l,.v.-nrd lb,, w,„i lvbl ' rQ 
ijoymonu U f ^ ]| fe Acn „ find „ * ' . J"" ""'"Ued 1,1m. I plcln.ed, ton, his return, and 
iltivaiionor fritud.liip, beyond Its circle ti'.'l ;7 '-' '' ii"'!'o"iull'<'i"b"l" i'" """"J"""- " ll " 1 ' 

«e so greatly ^^tl'itetoii I raiJtor f ^°^ ,■""« V^^evea^on.Xd 8 ^ 
01 W *" lr ' b J cnB bcc, any of m, girlish 



single "path of thought." 
ill linked together, 



norft'ehiS 











„t 


!"," 


.»Thui£,| J 


.1 a. bright. 






ehau B hty 


nlgbl: 




b-1 1 V 




























1,^1,,-vil,,); 






fluid., an 




ijl]]iiir,j; , 






Itij.o 


:;i; 




nnlu, 



im ibo wild goal 3 thu muo'n 
indlhoiiagim^oniioie^. 

thoy waleb this (M, ereallon. 



Thus It joins | n ffalnf**, ohoms, 

SinKiag'l u "cr^t;r" K ^Un°, 11 .; 
Vtuo ia groclom uuto alL I 



S-.-^r.k.r-,.- -r.l 
Vl,.-inl„>i..l,- I- 
Ul higi 



Illinois State Fair, 
Now Vork State Fab 
Maryland Stale Fail 
Wisconsin Stoto Fall 



.1 Louis Fail 



ond Fair, Bnltimt 



EVERY KIND OF SEWING 

Can be done with 

Wheeler tt Wilsons Machine 1 

ONE MAOHIKB D0B9 THE WORttl 



^-Dnr^bili' 



: Sawing Jlaehlnes otd: 
ace an-i almplloity of « 



afror, 



iplo'd ease and rapidity of oi 

6— Dcantr ef *llteh and firmness of sec 
6— Eeooomyof thread. 
: .-..-:, . I, illtytoaTnriolyof purpose! 
They arc applicable tooverf kind of is- 
tear, from Ibo Hublcst m 



,uallywt... r 

li-.-l.; .-..aii.in.r, tjiilnti,:, U ■: 

m>k«nVbuVun"holetf itluain," 



I... the boa 



■ n | ■|dl one 



.d for rorulBling tho width 



MACHINE WARRANTED 

Thread, Silk, etc., Constantly on Hand 

H. 0. HAYDBN, Agent. 



FIRST PREMHJII1 AGAIN 

BEING THE 

SEVENTH TIME RECEIVED 

Against All Competitors. 

R. H. VANCE, 

Corner of Montgomery anil Sacramento Sts. 

SAN FRAMOiaCO. 

Hovioe uealn rocoivod the FDIST PREMIIIil 
awarded a^ho State FuirforLho BEST AMIIROTYPES 
APH3, It Is gnaranteod that all 



raaftor dispose of thou 



iaboat Sew York pJlee. 



PATENT RIGHTS FOR SALE 

-..!;',;, i .', i ':; , ' , .:.i.':-i! : ".-"!' i i i "-- 1 "' ■.■ i l -, , 'V""'"'- ,i ' , ' l ' : ' l,v " 



■''■|'i'l.-v.-T,il.-., > c..,„ i ,!, i ,! 1 -|„ J | v ,.,|,,.,, fcl _. K)1 | „n,rllftJn-ll 

No. 9. A Cora Cultivator 

WW, 0.1. Imnlement ib L .' fill u7n* lim'urtlj plowe. 
Ho. 3. An Improved Clothes Bool and Bar. 

Uacde'S"^ KuXS* u^™^^'™^" b u ^ "? '° n ^ 
Kj^o clalo «r,onam„- nW l ; .uidln/ln ,be urn" f c™U™ u . 

Ho. 4. Tbo KiehaDlo'i Spirit level. 
Till. Implrrneal will h.i uf K ,a,, ,^| u „ ,'„ Contniclo 
^uiTlh^lic^^^uhdcr.',', :' : . : ' 1 " : " 
_„._„,. Ho.8, AMuskatoBar. 



■„ j ^ t a^»^T^i1ux 1 e«tl u S^ ,,w 

aa-H.e«,bjc.prrV., 



NDRSERT BUSINESS. 

HOPE NURSERY^ 

Jk^^S) In the Eastern part of the Jay* 
*g"^ CITY OF SAN JOSE. ^K 

33. T. A X> A M S 

Would respectfully Inform his Tormer patrons and lb 

pabllo. 

rAol hchatfor talc the coining ttataa ef I8S0 anoT 60, 

A IABOE STOCK OF 

FRUIT TREES! 

IK GBBAT VARIETY A SOPERIO E 

QUALITY, 

Tbut bare been grown with anch core OS to Solootneai 

or Sorts and Extentof Vuletj. 

TO G1TB ENTIRE 8ATI9P ACTION, 

He has also Enlarged bis Nursery and In- 
creased iiis Stock, 

And Is now prepared losell 

«=3 jib: 3E3 ,^r*_ ji- je ant. 

Than Troesof Ihenme Site and Qualltj 
CAH BB PUBOHASED 
Iotfae respectable no rserles In Ibe Atlantic States. 
Pnrchaiers are rcfeelfally requested to eall and ex- 
amine this slock of trees. 

The larger portion or this stock has been Propagated 
from Trees Ihatbavo borne Fruit iu California. 
All orders for Trees must bo accompanied wilh the 

r ^dV|- T 'V;vu : l'. i t'^. [i '..y'-N; : (,Ibe"a7e'toLseot. 

Trees packed In tho rn^L Ib-iroiich manner, cniblrnE- 
thomtoondaro aor rn.buble e.i-j.-ure, ilolaj- or hand- 
lini;i hr which a moderate charge will be mode, barely 
unfncVnt to r«t tho cost of material nnd labor. All 
r ae ka ire a de 1 1 vo red a 1 1 h c Inn dlo e, Al i i;o. for 1 he sic iroo r , 
ries.DfchBrEB. 

9-Bm r>. T. A U A Mi, San Jose. 

BLACKBERRY PLANTS, ETC. 

met The nodarslirned now offeri tor sola part ofnsb < 
gjhls Sue MllooUen 3f> IdperlOT tlEBBYt|Wg 

Each kind warranted genuine. 

Blackberry Plants. 

LnwIon.orTew Hacbelte, tHBpcrlWO 

Doirhrjlo., or lmpruvcd Illiili-tiiL.li, v. I , .,-, 1 . j .. ... 
Lee'. Illgh-Iiuli i-Wjj.r IOW 

Gooseberry Bushes. 

Strawberry Plants. 
Prince of Orie.ni., »5perl«» 

SnlmonborTyPliiuti,twoTe«r.old Spcrduiai 

All ea.b order, lent to OHAVE! i. WILLIAMS, Nn. T6 
o.i pre*, . '""'"iLTic" tTHti'MTORQ. 

SHELL--JHOUND NUBSERIES 

AXD 

FRUIT GARDENS!! 

^fc AT BROOKLYN, A. 

S%j& (Formerlr Son Antonio) ^T*^ 

' ALAMEDA COUNTY, ■ 

Directlj- opposite Son FrunEiaco. 

Fifty Thousand Fruit Trees! 

SHADE AND ORNOIEHTM, TREES, 

VCfES, SURDBS, AND FLOWERS, 

Apple Treea, 1 to 3 years old, 
Pear Trees, Standard and Dnarf, 1 to 4 do.. 
Cherry Trees, do da llo3do., 

Plum Trees, 1 to 3 years old. 
ALSO: 

Peach, Apricot, and Nectarine Trees 1! 

^4 _ j OALIFOBNIA iM~* 

^^'Foreign Grapesl^p^ 

AVjjioA Qoouhana, Zoirion and JJioo-£mA £tact~ 
oerriti, Raipbenin, Berbrrrvs, Currants, $e. 
ALSO: jk 

Mi'I'XT.MS ASH, EUROPEAN il, ENGLISH 

ami AMi:i;ii'A\ KJiM, Ui>!I)AHr>V PDPLAR, 

SILVER-LEAK I'liI'l.At;, SILVER-LEAP 

MAPLE, LAlimtMrji, WEEPISG 

WrLLOW, AND OTHER TREES. 

Rom, JfaAonfos, Spiriai, Diuniai, Euonyowoi, 

Althta,, t'/.rv-MK !.•„■:■, „.,-,., )l,fri!„, Vhlaxtl, 

Syrwyai, I'r-,.-^., fiBukh-Floutring At- 

.monas, J>oui/r -Fhatting Aypla, 

t?aincc., Folinuu, Jiumtnafr. 

' -'■ ^ : -- : ^'-:i'-.,'.:- ■"-■|'j l . ^i'vi'l' ll"i'M iVllL 

Did ll.ilil.-. il,, .,,„i|,. „ -Ui'll'li']' - . TIlflK? 
.1W1I I Yi/-,l:....u> |--Cli 1 IMj"THl':f.-i. "l-ir i'ntJ:.! 

At the Lowest Prices, for Ca»h, 

all persons wno WAKT 

BABGAINS IN TKEES 

ire Urrtledia call or H-nd Urclr order. ImnedU.^ « tho 

SHELL- MOUND NURSERIES. 

Tao» W n„ wbh^ Tre«ef ^J-tjajM ty, „ J of .he out 

Two Hundred Different VarietiVof Frnit 

Were ripened « aHELL-UotlNa durioj iho yrar taB, ur 

TWELVE PREMIUMS' WERE AWARDED, 
B ' ft,C ^ ™ ta "°^j™h™»l I Socletj, >nd AUuneu* Countf 

First Premium for tlie Bent k,„ st-ry 

Wuamrded bj tnn Alameda County . Jlgrl culm™] fioclelj to 

TflE SIIELL-MOHND NURSERIES 

TF-nud CASH. Allordor.^nuklboeddra.rflo 

n. w. washburn, i.n, pl i« or . 
RANCH WANTED^ 



. 



THE CALIPOBNIA FARMER. 



31 



T!..»]irlj y,.ii may think I'm Joktos 





Let ItieM Sir won), fink. ■ 








The/ dipped hipi ooce or twice. 




Anecdote of Mre. Bonn. 




rallj known tbot Mrs. Burns, after her 


husband & 


cath, occupied ciactljr the some honso 




















]y as ibcr do to the churchj-ord, the 


bridge, ilic 


harbor, or nnj- other public object o 


WTOilly a 










after he bnd seen all -he bud to shoir, 






portrait bj 


Ni-mvlli, l,i. f..mi!>- !!.l.|., : with 111, 




self, hit wife, and chll- 



eft." "0, 


rou 


orclr most have 


"oaielhing 






Shod; nnjlbi 


p TriEf dc 






hnndv,-rifing, tl 


least thii 








,/,!. r-:' 














n took place— t 


ii- i.ni.v >■..■; 


■ ]!■.■ r.n.i. 




i request. AUc 






















1 (i 










ally, Pm the c 




















It bai be 




jgssted that the 1 


venlor of 



ic creation? Bee 



Dr. WijUr"( Dalian of Wild Cberr 
eallcd a "wonder of medical Mienee." 
andaiMa iumti-r; il fwhi-D it, in 

yields to iia majfic iadiiuocc, 

J3- Boj nunc onion il has the tcrii 
"LIlMBf oa Iho mapper. 



NUESERY BUSINESS. 



GOLDEN-GATE 
N U H S B H 1 



•B.UICISQO. 



BAHDY EVERGREEN 
GREEK-HOUSE PLANTS, 
EVERGREEN CLIMBING VINES, 
BOSES, la 2G0 varieties, Including One standards, 
DAHLIAS, FtTCHSIAS, CARNATIONS;, 
and a general imortmeat of 

Flowering Plants Tot ttic Garden, 

Plants carefully packed fot tie Interior orfor export, 
ent^ ^"ha^""' 1 ed* t "'"' dci ** nuil ' on •Mil- 
iar W " Ci "'"KB*. Proprietor. 
Ktl G olden SauKmnrj. 



Jackson street, above Montgomery, 

FIRST-CLASS HOTEL ! 

THE TABLES OF TUIS HOUSE Mi 

UNIVERSALLY ACKNOWLEDGED TO 

BE THE BEST ON THIS COAST. 

THE ROOMS AND BEDS 

Heir!.- in C.il.i.inila ; • fire-broor bulldioj, led pnnlcta 

lob li of n«t . vlruiurc lo a Cil! 
E oo kntooalldloin rjjcc.nl Uirr, J,,. 



Ftrst-Olass Hotel. 
CT EFBflr PARTICULAR. 

It is Contiguous to all of the most Popular 
Places of Amusement, the Principal 
Thorough fa re 5, the Fashionable 
Promenades and Steam- 
boat Landings; 

DESIRABLE STOPPING PUCE FOR 
FAMILIES and SINGLE GENTLEMEN, 



GRAVES & WILLIAMS, 




EDUCA TIONAL. 

ACADEMY OF NOTRE DAME, 

SAN JOSE. 

THE HtNTQ ANNUAL HEfBIOH of 0.1. IwUntlon will 
- ■■•■■ ■:■■::.:■>■ Tl.-IMy ■..,.. ..,;, 






GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 

Boa, 07, 00 anil n Mi . f l,„„i .met, 

Oppoille WajilapoD Mullet. BAN FRAHC1SCO. 




Rare Hardy Plants, 

5ffi£ MAGNOLIA GBANDIFLOftA, ' 

PEFPEil-TIlEES-hanlj crcrgrocn, 
CELESTE FIG— noil) ptnk fnau &oa New Orlean* 
KHUDUDEJiDHON AKBOREUJl, 
rirTOaPORUMS-Jumtonin-reaitoI white Cow 
ARAUCAItlA 1MBRI0ATA, 
ARAUCARIA HID WILL II, 
WWUCAItlA EXCHLSA, 

™m;li.-ii lauhel, 

LAUKIER AMAND1EK— mocfcorann 

METEOSIDEBOS— «arlel_or Bool 

Carolina, 

behmuda grass-roots, 

Par Bale at tbo GOLDEH OATB HUB3EBY, corner 
rf Fontthanapc lioBi streeta. dE 

10 0,O0 

FRUIT TREE J 



, SAN LORENZO NURSERYt 

Pom miles above San Leandro. on the load loading to 
jgfe TUB 5„h,„Ibcr weald eall .be attention of 

■ Apple, Pear, Plom, cherry, and Aprioot 

TREES, 

FEOA1 OKE TO foim HEAR? OBQIFTB, 

The . B-Bl cablet, aa,o be« araOtdfrooi bearing treat, 

•ad are well adapted to au c , laUe , ..ab,^, „„ 

cijoioest VAEiEinai 

" 4 °-°™ r PEAB 0" AHDEEB atTIHCE 
Pcaeh, KeeUrlne, and Pig !*,„ I 

CALIFORNIA AND FOREIOR 

RASPBERRY, CURRANT, ^^ 
■ AN ° ROBE BUSHES. S^» 






f ISllftr 



U ™™» ^TIRELY WITHOCT IRRIGATION. 
Pen>h fcl ^ B ^ S^aatly radueod prleet. 

^"a., "oToTi'T"? 01 ' 1 """"^ " «" Hd Bi - 

»AUTr and I. to *'" u,d ' Ie e' 1 ™. toll In 



11 orten pjomptiy attendad to. 

J. LBWELLINO, 
EanLeroaia. 



CIRCULAR FOR CALIFORNIA 

Sam Fbabcjico, Nor. 16tb. 1B9. 
Tbo nndeniffoed, AGENT FOR TBE SALE OF 
JOEKSTON'S ISLANDS iJDANO, oliboi to eaU jour 
nlteDtlontothUlQvaluiblofertUIlDr— a limited earn I ilr 
of Hhleh irlll be received In a fca diT... It [; dt'ir-i 
joe "ill mako a trial ,:f il. cffi^l u r on ,.,nr keii. The 

i -' ■ .■ !- 01 i 1. ,i „,.] v 

h)»nle It named, tor Ibe puri^M of lajui:,,.- , ■,],!..:,„:,. 
i\du m °Tbe°lhr - Sr i', : " :r ' ';■ 'f " ,,; "I' " "I""'" iu '" 



itltybe divided uuii 
"l'oar order for fro 



t3elf-adjusting Post-Driver, 

Aiaiuauie Implement Tor Farmers. 

H VS-zs't'^VK -f!S?2S JS; 






i, Inclnil' a rhi Iraocb^ •pK-a.il. 



SANTA CLARA COLLECE. 



B NINTH ANNUAL S 



.' OF THIS IN- 



ll-.o).;,,!r.jiii.. n ,. r e c.. S ion 

WvblDf and meadloif of article, waffled, p 



Vacatlooi, If ipent 
" 7— When Ml. 



bill In can of 1 ilokn 
IheColltKs 



rVfortbor l! 



Siola Ciara Collo^.Sanl 

" -'(111. S.J , -: [;r:,,li!. 

Fourth and Fifth. Si 



:■■ Of tli» 

npplj to tbo P 
Clirn, Cal.or « 

a,or.L, '.l.„i:. : t 



SEED, PLANTS, &o. 



GARDEN AND AGRICULTURAL 

SEED WAREHOUSE, 



«g£ TO THE SEED TRADE. "^ 

We have the Inrgest and most varied asEOrtment of 

FRESH FIELD ADD GARDEN SEEES, 



ilLFALFA nr Chile Clover Seed, Pune ; 
Red Clover ; Timothy Qrnel ; Red-top GriEj ; 
Kj\ Bluo Grass; Hungarian Gpobs ; 
Millet ; Orchard Gross ; Rvd Grou. 



Onrdm Beads. 



Cabbage, Turnip, 



FRUIT, TREE, AND FLOWER SEEDS, 
Budding nnd Prnning knives, GnMcn Tools, etc, 

2 ones of 100 Papers— rat op b } aunelvee, auertrd, fur 
Wo Lava all kinds of TREES and PLANTS, 

pp-All Onlo™ fdrwoidcd, by Miller Eipra, will meet 



New York Seed Warehouse, 

No. il-SASSOME STREET, 

SAN FRANCISCO. 
C. L. KELLOGG & CO., 

Garden, Flower, Fruit and Tree Seeds. 



THE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE. 

■A.I BENICIA. 
iTiflE V'H SrnU-ai.nuaJ StnliiiKlU ci 







aona to tiioo tons, nil 1 be 
ildbofinelypnlverlwdi 



nth twice Its bnlk of 

in droclns; of [aim; thi 
\j tamed with a rpad< 



should be fi-'eid'u'pon *h^fli7r 
<>; I. -am folfoi 

mull Iboroaghlj mh 

Tmuii-Tbo bait tlmo to apply Guano Is in damp or 
■ ■■' ■; *o»i ur, If In fair ncathsr, certainly open 

teXo * 1 " ~hi' X al " "W"^ ,n J ns eariy.paHor the 

mind -..;. X^'i^ru^^ZiJi',^^^ 

son by Iwstmiir, of oUjoraliB. Ifhoo aniiii. i lo'hai ■ , 
jt™ jaudt, il may ha «m hioadeanwlth or wlthaat 

t»^[u"wri r at°5f ^, Dri "'' >t inould be raliad with 

m^co Q Teo! L ' , nl b -'i'" i,: ^••^'fiS'w'tl'-n^B 
^rllik"^ °*<"-™p«T a ijol lna"ftr b mer d8 "ou« n |t 
fra1n I roarton™Tu n 'd7id W ^"d, B " r ° 7 ' 0ab *'^ Ct ' ra| 



alUnnrlardof produ=liroae.M the Brvt yoar.and the 
Wear -III rlvo an lo=rea.ed ylild. ti K \n Bllt , 
, lands equal if not ^parlor, lo an, in the State. It 
;l haiteo the amHth of crope earij in thn»a»5n 
'L r 0n .r, "" ** 0[ „ J '="">«l°fler (Train Bald 
ouebt. It Is proniloontli valuable to Iho frult- 
"t Intenut, eji^olally in Urn culllrallon of Vlno- 
wlll be lantoly ai 



FOUNOEHY. 

WM. H. MO ORE, 

San Francisco Brass and Bell Fonndery, 

"- "9 HALLECK STREET 





OFFICIAL NOTICEI 
P L II E M U S ' C R U G STORE 



PAI.'IUHENTO, C 



. -- .. _.,. ti, rt , l|..,.|..'. !r i,| inlc-ud to live 

enabled me to j,ij Ooo liundicd ConfTon tho ] 



> be tho Ol'leit SilablljiTicd UclUmni! 
B™ BB l,i i„ lh l. CUy. ^ S 

ntblrcraneellna mil j. li^uhwrvo that Ihor- 
difference be i»c 00 a LOCTOIl and a DRUG 
aotu Is between a DnwcUt unJ ,. !!,--.„ 
; su batvean thaw who have -■-■-■ 



j£ IMPORTERS AND JOBBERS OP j£9. 

OREGON FRUIT 

PEODUCEII 

No. SO tTasblnBton §treet, 

HEAft FflONT, 

SAN FRANCISCO. 

0" Special altontlon giron to consignments on com- 



ffiSSJS 



. Urge 



piii:f:i'\h FEsruK; 

ENOLISII RYE GBAga; 

TOBACCO. 
HAVAHA.pufn: 

viRmtUAi 

cliKNKi'TICur.ScedLc^i 
FINE TCRKIHU. 

VEGETABLE SEEDS— A meit extendi! 




i picked up the 
>led their whole 
o honor to belong, 
Inntlo Stales, and 



*wT I!. kncV«h l '"•J*™ 6 " w i 1 ' r 


ed lhatth 






'>'X'.tl\!, 



I II .o UT JJru K nnd Ch'm'o.l ELjS 
': r: " , ' | - lv ' ;,! ;.' 1 - tndrellable Pat.nl Medicines tasend 
" ; ' .ouTjt^holdthefflrnVal^'V™"^ 

Wo Ktcp Upon bU Nlnhtt 

And charge no mote fo, mtdlcine, than in tho da, titan 

!V:! \ ' ' " :'. ; : '. ' , 1 ?™* ' "te^u^ing 'iS.^n'hV^ 



Qanga Cocks, Ojlinder Cooks, Oil Globes, 
BUam Whlsues, Hydranllo Pipes and Hozzln 




Seed W areliouse ! 

(ESTABLISHED IH IB50.) 

W . MOORE, 

Ho. HO Californln «t, batweoa KontgomBry (t Snuoma, 
FRANCISCO, 
Hit tor aia tbo moil ojttonilni tarioty or 

KITCHEN-GARDEN, FIELD, FLOWER, 
FRUIT AND TREE SEEDS 

IB CALIFORNIA, INCLUDING 

20j0001bs. Pnre Alfalfa or Chili Clover Seed, 

OF THE KEIF QHOP. 

HYACINTHS, TULIPS, LILIES, AND OTHER 

BULBOUS ROOTS. 

The underelgnod, Irom hi, Ian; eiperience In tho burincn 



to Ajraiu u | IVi-ll,, Force i Co. 1 . arj Fiaanu * I 
^lntaUoeorder.Vr%<^o°"rccd P u^"tor^'o" 

al'wi]| , 'L'"V 1 "' i';'"'""' c " l " l: '-' ' '■■■■ " l l;i -" 1 
H will be mide to (he inJe. Particular almtlon « 
lie enreto] p.lckln- „l >.,■,!. I,.r ,!,!,-, „,.,;,. 
■" uro .lltllid, which cball ln.ro lulls, Jn.l, 
° o^ ™. i 6 - 1V - MOOIIE, 



«* Bom of Becil. cootilalnt 1M P. 
ajaortreenti u deilroj, will bo fund 



fnilliful 

"■ii" 



■5k""" 1 «i*St 



inl M c -' n " 



Wo Import nnarl] Hoi n rg ■■■; ' \v„ thlnkwoknow 

ealL M d v/e WILL TRY ' " " *™" , ' « lT0 "* * 
rt " K J. L. POLlIEMUa 




To the Seed Trade, 

JOB HAVING THE 1AEGE5T AND MOST EX- 
^•totulvnsloeaof 

9 £3 B D S 

NowgTowlogandharToitlng In Iha Union wo aro nre 
pstod to tnpplyUoalerson the mail favornblo lei™ 



Dutcb Huiin.uf, noota, 

nnrtt, To-tips, JPotydntiiu, Aomsitul 
Crocui, CVoirn TmpcriaU, ftc, 

J-TitADi Oavalocom Jutt i,ohlished, which mar 
■d of onr Agent, MR. THOMAS DAY, 183 Mont 
■IT itront, San Franclieo, Cal. 

J. M. THOKItl/llx &, CO. 
Growort and rmportors of Seeds, ' 

16 Jonn street, 

■ WBW TOJUE. 



Who Wants a Farm Cared For? 








oTT iioBN I A. FARMEI^^ 



.lereil J Dn M *'e 
;;d, by lbo 



DWlFAMitll: Knowing lb 
in nil matters tfrUinlog to 1 
thoiigbt of fumiFblog tot yo 
nceoant of lbo celebration, o 
lh ,a B .U«fltalTn!T«IUofH«P«''" 

The day was" uncbnded 
Washington was pore. All m 
ot cbcerfulneo nnd seemed » - h _ 

tap 10 d» put J*«»k ** ,Uo P" of B w " n 

"Cchurcb «. wufcnr a««w f °' l "° « 

cuiD n. Wo noticed to the rear of the speafee. 



L . cDnruclcr of 



;; also, t 
a bj lit 



"First Preyerin CoBgf«- 
folly nreetbed ™ llD G" 1 ""* 3 * 
of tbe ftii one.. 

A piriform extended lbo cnttre -width of lh< 
church, ned irss occupied by the members of the 
„ T er»l Literary Societies, pud tbe Alumni of lb, 
Uni'eraily, tbe Professors, Clergymen, and ills. 
UdsnUbcd visitors. The church edifice was qo.lo 
100 email for the multitude vbieh «rn° together 

Al 10 ». n. the jooug gentlemen left the Duivc 



It'ormirf » 

Wee*, Fern. 
>•■ ■ - 
i™r,*>t*i,'.« 



DrySHot, cich 



;-'„lk-'i- r. ..- 



J»oolon 1B925c 



San Friuriseo OitUo Market. ^ 



.odull, wlthalarj 
.rtrage Slaughter. 



NURSERY BUSINESS, &o^ 



J.B. BAY, 
SEED AND NURSERY DEPOT, 

MO. lOG J STREET, 

SACRAMENTO, 

HAS IN ntS SUBSSRY. SUBJECT TO THEjog 
order of good cub cuilomon, the most oileu- J-. 
BlieaaurtoieuLof 

TBEES, SUEUBBEBBT, AND VINES. 



lit, Tc©Me. 

■d SI-PS' 11 ''- 
,. lo nullity. 
P5; 2d quality 









■itj building 

church, accompanied by tbe Santa Cli 
Band, which discoursed so ul-thr.il in: 
When in front ol the Female College, ibi 
■ion wm joined by the yonng ladies, wh 



illing i 



Kelaflyriee* 
Fotatoea, pa . 



Rer E. Banister, A. W. Turn 1 


Howe 


Ibcnu- 


dresses and essays, interspersed b; 


vocn 




■tw menial music. "Hail Columbia 




Spangled Banner," sang by tbe st 


















cousk oo Ibc piai.0 by Prof- Snhoct 


ot lb 










The Anniversary Address, by Mr 






a member of the junior class, was 


imas 


rly pro- 


doction, worthy of an older bead. W 




like In see this chaste, classical an 




produc- 


lino published in some ncnl form for ge 




talalion. The "American Union,' 


by J 




was worthy of the occasion. It ■ 






trifled the immense audience. Sir 


b.u 





true picture of <J :i ! i li> r 
band. 'PTo venlnre tbe 

prints, It would 



copied by every uiit ~juji.lt : 
Bind our Nation In Oeutlene 



, Wasaingwn Mnrkefc--J»rcr i a 

"■" 'i'.-.'-i ■ ...r. ■"' ■!■ ' ■■' ■"■ 

.... 3Se Cra.ibr-rlB.Fn-l «* 



! "wiriptlp doV b"a 
1 1 Bploagc, p-bM-Kfl 



~U I'.;.. i'n-!i'- 



h c» i-^-- 






To be foand In (he Slato,eonsllth>s;or oiery t*i; 

Almond, Mulberry, 

Apple, Kec-urbe, 

Apricot, P««*r 

Blackberry, ?""> 

Cherry, P-<"», 

Fig, Strawberry, 

Gooseberry, Quloco, 

Grape, Itaspberry, 

Betldo a p»d stook or SHRDBBBBY and B'. 
TREES, for beulUjinc homei. 

a « a « ai - 

foand at my Seed and Nunery Bnpot. 

SHADE TREES, 

Fur lalo thla season, eonilstloe or— 
10,000 Locust Trees, 
1,000 China Trees, 
Lomhaidy Ponlar, 
Mountain Ash, 

Magnolia Acnminata, 

Together wltb 
Elm, Linden, 



FARM STOCK, to. 
H mtfjl FOR SALE. 

r> Y THE STE/vMEFlS W " ,C " [jl( S\"' 1 ^° „„„„ 

TllOllOI <- 11 - UltKO STOCK 

SHOET-HORH DOEHAH CATTLE, 

Pare iinEHCIIMEaiSO, SOOTBDOWB and COT3WOLD 

SHEEP 



California Steam Navigation Company. 



?m 



i-|.. 1'uir'i'IEIM'IL iV 

















lMIlltlDOE,' , Ho.8SSl!i 



"The Ties thai 
together," by Hiss Liiiio Sle 
clisi of Lbo Female College, 
There was a heanty and fin 
thai evinced a rare knowledge of the roles ot good 
writing. Tblsessay wos finely read. "Tis Strange, 
'Tis Passing Sim ngo," by lllss Duncan, of Ihesamo 
class, was a highly creditable production, and 
showed ability on tbe part of the writer. 



Oo-r—slflDln. leDdarkfa, 
■ ml rih placet, p D>-— 3: 

Vnl Ciulrl...". '. 

e-nuk(J Uo-T 35* 

Huuo Cbopi' '.'".- — e 

Datka, pair -303 

Cutrurtult pair. ...... I 

QB.e.palr t »{ 

ClilrVrni. r*lr .-.-S 001W 
J-,^-/ 1 , V !■ 



Tb^js 



of ibe J 



Wee 



,;V.-,!|..v. 



Maple, Arhor Vilre, 

Tho Looo,ta an eorlaialy nut oqualed, by am 
(he Slate, for beamy and liioi they nro from I 
ihree yean old, slralfht aod well eroirn, varjinj 
len la twenty feet io bight. 

SEEDSFSELEDS ! 

The exlenslie SEED DtTPARTMENT conta 



ted* iold ii 



anted U 



5 |.,,-U. 



. I L b. - 1 ■ r . ~ ID l.;,l !:.!..l. T Jl ■ 
1 ,■!.■[„.■.]. i Pfi.-i li-ni. I'l-I ! 

PATTEBfiOH. 



rtby HmVroVlii. w' : 'i!. ■■:'■-■■- 
J. JMITEB-'ON, boh oor »bb I 

10 mike ••!», on-- mi- "i 1 ' :l ' 

I..—,,,,, him m SAK ! l:l> <~- 



CARRYING BSITBD STATES MAIL. 

HiHuocrHEW WORLD, CaiilBamoel Bern-onr; 

■ - A(;n:i.i.i'i;. r,,,: e, a. Poote; 

.. i-osnliRMCE, _ 

.. wii.^i'N '■■ 'ii- 1 . 

Uti :.i nrs.-i!.r:v, C:,j.t i r .a. Chadwlclij 

■1 J HRAODON. Cnpl- Tliot. Birloji 

'■ OHILDA C.pt. Cbu. Tbornj 

'■ COIUtELIA, -Ji pt- E- C onMlo. 
nun of tho aboteitaauicn will Idhtb Jackton etroet Whir, 
."rjdiyai* o'ci.^n.r a- (H„„.r .,-,. ..v-^oi), for 

onneciinj wlih lbs llsht draft JUamen Tor 

Red Bluffs. 

"wiilTDEV, J a., Pr^. Ideal. 



Freight, epply 



PPS3H BASKS ^ 
LOVETT, 
"cArTAJiTJons PATV, 

"i'upirior" Kum mud^lioni— 1 
MeBOER 6. ME [HULL, 
*1 and CaUfomlannjoL 



CHOICE GEOCEfilES. 



■^ ^T.u'l.™--nW'.-i.o'l, ,.i. L.jc.l]la 3 uutPC.cllbc 
TltEHONT ROUSE. 

GO HIVES OP BEES, 

Wch I will «U OB fatora lo lerma. j ^ PATTERSON. 



Prenoh-Merino 

^BTJCKS.jg 

1 L,.'. ! ".', , .'..' ! ,V., ,„',,"„■,„.,',',' 

SALLXAS PLALSS, A 



LEESE'B RANCnO, 



hat la marked oo tbe label. 
Hop Tines, Rbnbarh Roots, Asparn^us Plant), Orap-s 

Cuttings, Dablia Roots, 
And erorythlag ipporislnioc to th° Seed and Iforsery 

ART1CUOKE3, C HUP AS— a rile I os del erring special 



iDtlea 



loin.ni 
aoppllodonlhui 



stllUori 



TdhkinI. ¥ a . 



MK. & MRS. COGILL'S 
Si DANCING ACADEMY, 

ek at 

PHILHARMONIC HALL, 



THE BCnoOL will maot TUESDAYS. WEDNE 
DAYS and FRIDAYS. Hoar, ef lol'lao fam 3toS 
«, fur LaJitJ and Chilirco. n -.J fniiu 7 1-2 lo 10 r. x. I 



,' < ! : "KVUKY 8ATUBDAY, I 



i'.ucy Daueit, Slago Da 

M ,. Hit- r .If-. ..ir.,~ .jij-Jril]-, 

Fria-i liaperial and La>rreoBe. 



HOP HOOTS. 



Highly Important News ! 

DKY GOODS ! 

H. BACH MAN 

LABATT BROS., 



: Vlnmobe Eailn 



"W. K. VANDEHSL1CE, 

184 WABHINOTON ST. 



Rieb Silks, Shawls, Dress GdohIs, Furs, &c. 

-~f: i. Eh II lectf I wlih a"*l Can, a, llie Io-tebI mnrkr 

Jirlrr, .,:..n. riorr letij tt,i »Ullai{ la tiro LI I cu-: r 

-piTtment Is now eomplste. 

Tnoso who wi>h 10 purratM a SILK DRE&H c..n I 

Blatk Bilks I e^b u Mjlupa, .o4 Crown BUk, wa 

Bhs-ili and Cloalu, Bilk Velvtt Cloaks, 
al pitcea ioioEe purthaivn. 
EmbroI-'BriBs 1 ceV.nd iiah mm. 



Ml°HopYat 



ihi' yard b.-u juil beeo uli to, SI r « It 
[I l-nnt,-uvo mllei bolow lils oily, oa lb 
rivor. The vlnea, Kurlui one acre, -e- 

ilt.uri<i..H«.-i i',..li c ...i,liiD,- 1.. ■■;..:.,: 
1 ', era will be ioj.|.I1e.'1 i.n lil-cr.il term 
J R RAY, 
Seed and Nnraory Wareb.ja,e, 



SAOKAMENTO ADVERTISEMENTS. 



ST. GEORGE 
H OTE L 1 

Corner of Fourth and J K treats, 
SAC RAMEN TO . 



JAMES M. EDNEY, 



UOLiSEKEEPINi) ilMuHi, 

11 U .a oUac. fur varcku 
CUEAPEoTliTOR.EIoUe 



TpX t - 



O O ^L. 

AKT»B,t,9JT& WE= T BAHTLEY, 



OM'-.VtoKwri'lW 



iSl'h*? T '"" 1 °n'" " | T' , "'i"i : ; 



Dacliman-N, 



111 1 H. B IT O -V .A. T B 13, 
RE-FITTED AND RE-FURNISHED, 

IS NOW OPES 
FOR THE RECEPTION OP THE PDBLIO. 



FRENCH MERINO SHEEP. 

__^ FOR SALE— Tho nnderflcoodhaaOi 



SRANNAN.SanFrni 



IIIACKERCI/, Tongues and Sounds. 

CHOICE BUTTER, &e, in Efts, 



Jellies, Jams, 

PRESERVES, rBESQ FRUITS, 
ENGLISH SAUCES, its. 



Comet Teas, .Old Gov'm't Java. 
Costa Rica, and Rio Coffee, 



A. L. BDWARIV-- .'. C n 'S 



Ferrets. 

■V^TtT^ITST DESTROYBBS. 

A PAIR OF SUPERIOR FERRETS (Male and Fe- 
male) tor tal 



The; 



roublod by Rats, Goobers, 
nlo tho holes, attack and 



SHEEP WANTED ON SHARES. 



WOOL, HIDES, and SKINS, 
Fiarcliased 

AT THE HIGHEST MARKET RATES, 

IRONING- & FUERSTEIN, 

GO FRONT STREET. 

ARE AL90 PHEPAHED la main libera 

J ""LOSll/Ji' i KEiri-:ri-.n:ifl. P 



. D. ARTHUR & SON, 

AGRICULTURAL STORE. 



BERKSHIRE AND ESSEX SWINE. 



AMERICAN EWES WANTED. 

SOEKP. 
A.M.L-.ll 



1 AMhRlUAS mv 

.raJ.l.csiii. 



FULL-BLOOD MERINO BUCKS. 

A FEW (0III1I00J MERINO IIAJ1S (rum lbo Palloooo 

A. OwB, for.ololl .,| pl|.-J|..rlni;i.. 1 !.,[.;],. I,„ 5 ul,,. „I (hi. 



WETHBHS WANTED,) 
PERSONS UAV1NH fatwi:iiii:ks, in I,. 
£■•«! ft? .'?7 h «« ."».■;■■" '-""■ 



Fremimn Marble Works! 

. DETINB Ob SROTHER, 



Marble Mantel. 
li>no Tito, Onwile 



SACRAMENTO, 
.BdCoaaJarTo 



TO GRAPE PLANTERS 



FOR SALE CHEAP, 

A RANCH AND GARDEN, 

,,;■"', 104 Acres or Land with ts& 

„■ plro.Tuf TIMBER, .Uaatedoi, UiaTnulgnm. *gj* 

■"as- I.e. r^cl,. Tar fi.ttl^ 1, Id . hF«u ,u,r ol c U IU- 
llcn, binei; ill Uiali el VejuaLi™, 

Three Hundred Choice Frnit Trees, 

BOO GKAPE-VINES. 
rlsatlofl. AlKfihafur 



iwUna. n ,UM W L,Mn B la I p ™,' c |„...'_,;^ ' x ^, 



WOOL I 

PurclKMicd al the Highest Market Bates, 



'era. Marble and Frae- 
Mill and LialulB, Ao- 
'- -rder, an reasonable 

wllb dlf patch. 



II I DEB, SKIKS, S^^ 
WOOL akd TALLOW. ^" 

09cd on Second stroot, neat M, 

HAOaAMEHTO. 



SAMUEL JELLY, 



® 



FINE WATCHES, JEWELRY, 

Silver-ware, Cuticrr, fcc, 

1M J STBBBT 0KB DOOR BELOW FIFTH, 
S AG R AMETSTTO . 

Walobealtepalradaod Jewelry Uanalaelnrad. 

''s Sewing Machina, 



Agent* fir Gro 






«1 by callln E ai Hie Fnnn 
Mn,I< fcr «le. Tb.n d. 
A POOTIM. »an 
I upiranl. ¥ pal, 






BERKSHIRE AND SUFFOLK 
SWINE I 

A »ori Dbo pair cf foll-blooi Bo,k- 



FINE HIVES OF BEES. 
a good fubseht. 

A F ih , Vl IHi i HWARM 3oFnBB3 iml reeslTed frvu. 

o? smi .SErSS^ 

HARLtSOS'S KEW niVES een bo leen at Iht 



L. HASKELL, 



' — datdi. I » EUERilo'N, Loi**; 



PITTS' & HALLS' THRASHERS. 

BOSTON STEEL CJJPPEB, PLOWS. 

ons, Harrows, CnltiTators, Oral n-erad lea, Seylbes, 
nalhi, 11 one -raker, llay-rakog, Tbr.v.bcrf, Carls, etc. 
AEHOWS, aHOTEr.3, G-K1WD3TOWES, BT0. 

Has. 3, 4, and 5, Washington street, 

Ilweoo DqiIi nod Front, [S] SHIt VRAXC2SG0. 



-M, l-r.ir,.-i.L-. "Ill bold Ibi'lr TbiyJ In-lu -r,, ,1 I'.or la 
.be lenetb i>( S«pt«uil'-nr, V-i> in ..i|J .-i'v .i,l lb'! 

:or.lUllr invito n,,,-!,,!,,,..-, Il ■.■,-<.,:. i- :■ r.,;, C v- 

-jlruri-r... !i..iTifiiliuri..[.-.. .ui.J nil ,.r|..r r .. ,...J u-u r.-. t .■ 1= 
icl'lcclllcd ll].-i-'i: l.l ll.-.ir ,...;■-.■ ..!:■! ,.: i,. 

I,..,.,!!,- i.,!!!,,-!-,,,.-!..,, [b, ; ].,,:.-! iLe ii.-liail.. !-■ 

< lMlh-jf.uii.ii i: ; l,il.|l!ni ...,■» [,,-r, hnlliiiil '-i 

:Dleic,ll„Klb;in rboir Inopreee-lini; n DCJ , nhlcb are anl- 

our pBuple. nnj iboniou mum clearly ra^h HuwaJiM 
y.-..t [hirlln. otato.jICjtifufiiiiilj eiaiocn:!', .- i,. il.l- -1 
produelnj ovorTlbuu .,-.., ry [., 1,,-r nanls. Tbs 

ll"iao,teBme,t'ly , <°iroi[cd." " °™ g """"* 

J|..-blr mid d,|.|i,m,i. ,t!II 1,o n.innlel T.-r .iir]i nrlirlrJ 

iboimlilic "illbeailvlfodhyourfull Circular [to b* 

Hodj or lbo Fair, tbe day Bppainnid for ononlDf Hie 

.-"ii-. ."..I ..II Liber mallcn nialiu£ Iboreto. 



t-l i.. ,.„l.li.l, 
dre» of ■■Meeh 







■' C -I,.,.,,..,. .1 ;,.... ;. (■--'"■'■ 

tinitw, or any ili'raw bnrt.f iu eri('b> u 

tnanoni euro oftbo many 
pb«o^r^lheM,ID„,„. p ',| 

^f r si:FtSre^^b^^ 

'".■■;:■. ; V" V" 1 iS^'irh: 

'"" m..-., ■>. the many enrca eiTocbjl by lbl< He»*j 

PETII W. FOWLS ft Co.rp7opriao„ r ib Trcmiinl llrt* 1 
tor -le by— "iiitM MoaaSi. llawar Jolimo* * C fJ I 



""nOei.udUy.il S ood deal, 



<„,.!(,... iiv.i-.i'-';' 



VOLUME XIII. 



SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA: FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 9, I860. 



NUMBER 5. 



&jre Wifoiuia fatraer. 



■ USEFUL SCIENCES. 



■Ofa— So. 1M fr&toifta* ii 



Dr. StsbbLua' Address, 
Be/art lit Middlaa Count]/ Agricultural i 
Coneari, Jha., 3&t. 2b*, IBJD. 
Wb lake- pleasnre in laying before ooi 



F them 






i long ti 



Bow can formers and mechanic? evince i 
dicntc their right to be clawed among tbe 1 
nnd honorable of earth 7 IIow can jou 

and delightful, Id lill ibe anil and manage 



conclusive. These uccupallouB I 
Ibe rank of arts by their intclligi 
suit. Tbe reason or tiling! urn. 
then farming will bo a delight, n 



(ho public schools of lb 
ducted, little or no attc 
science. Children are 



>t taught why n silver spc 

,,1 IM'i.^iL ■,vll_v 'l(::-]» pli iv.-iij 
: uf .iruii^bl, nr why guun 



. and why bread is 
at high tide or full 



not tbe kae 

jwt It" 

the syslein. 



every vi-i;l1:iIi1c raised. Its 

jdica,— their unrnL, ili-jir fti-i, 
Tiler should know, morc- 



sugbl and illustrated in Ibeir schools. The join 
sind thus becomes interested in folate pursuii 



knowledge. Teachers should be 

... . Normal Schools, not iu algebra nnd 

geometry, only or rlmilli. Iml in bin nut iii. I .lurii- 
1 --TOrologv. Three hundred and forty- 
rcre at the State Normal Schools in 
,od daugh. 



i of fan 



neohani 



i, the 



. nil I. 



ipplied, in spile of thedeficic 
. ] lind no special stnteme 
j amount of time si ven lull.. 
ed; bat in ihcWcstueldScb 

rnpurtiun nf time given to ti 



lied, even if d 


sired, L- [ 


ot stated. Tb 


report., ur 


he schools at 


■rami n t li 


n and Sclera, 




urination rein 






















1,1 1 ,\lli."ll ;. 












ualilicd In t 




ranches whie 




i labor aluxury, and tbe 


.h.in-r ,1:1111!] 


nnd Intelligent. 
























e csloblishtne 


is. Tbcy 


uke mostly fancy farm 








1 111 I licit 


hcmical labor 




















rated in the 




. The raanag 








demand alien 


on ol the 


In, ii - Infill i.f 




They absorb 


neatly or 




or all the 






purposes, in n 
s rightly cip 


any of uu 
nded), wb 


towns (and™ 
le the scholars 
nth uf tbe scho 
ui still is th 


■■ i. -i 


ion. Andm 


re iiupon 


r,,.:L ll,[ll 



nnd cattle we 
with Virgil'i G 
ik. Tbe house 
from the dome; 



,il.71 .,1 V 

!-,- vll.,1,). 



ufllidu. 



„ why labor 



iailly u 



lili.: jclii-ls 
nen and wO- 
ncnls nf life. 
i that your 



■lijIV'-J il 


* he 


tnn 












il. Tbe c 










mice. VVI 


























_.r tilt 








■•■ailviLe 

■ la-.l.;. of 


i.i il 1" 




n'l lb'-' |''". 


ii,li f.ir tin- 


1 '■'I'll iliil' 


eut ft 










ml diDVen 


: diet? Ail ib'i,, and 






































Ttory 


en 




..■ [|..-.iri„,|, 


ill dj.ccret" 


got,b 






1 pr.;.,. [I,, 




n 








■a li, 




sly, nut to say radical!} 






Arilhwetii 












more 


Impo riant 


and mow 


attractive 



field ur the shop; tbe |uh.li; hi* ih< 
5 purse tbe corner. They do not gi 

■i J.li.dn in ibv :.,-i uf lillin- Hi.- :Hli 

cti.inuf lliemad ■ , a , 11,,- ..rlbl guc 

,0 and makes Hie landscape glow ,.„ 



understood tbc philo, 
iiml :,l]n[ii os boy 5 go to a 
work is not work. Play 



> well ui 



rilh bi 



Origin of tbo BsrlcihUe Hog. 

Bisj.Mts P. Johnson, of W«i Urbana, Illinois, 
n Ibc Illinois Farmer, gives the following sketch 
>r the origin of the lierkshirc swine: 

"The Berkshire is a native of the South Sen 
Islands, where tbc population instead of presiinf, 
in tbc means of subsistence, the means of anil 
:i:;uuii-i- pr esses on the population. Vegetation i: 
;o luxuriantly vigorous, and fruits and vegetable; 
so cstrnordiuarily abundant, says Hn authority : 
The South Sea Islauds on Ibclr discovery, by 
Huropcnns, were found to be well stocked with a 
small, short -legged, black hog, and tbe traditional 



TFIE AMERICAN PUUP-" WITHOUT SUCTION, WITHOUT PACKISG." 

Figure I is 





iTctcd to 
the public by Mr. James M. Ednoy, Kew Jfrrirk, 
by his agents, Messrs. Unas, Dempster £ Co., of 
this city. One of Its valuable prnperlics is its 
capacity fnr raising water from almost any depth ; 
nnd in this respect it supplies n great public want, 
tint fans been long felt. It also seems to excel in 
all other qualities desirable in fl pump, as il has 
been extensively used in oilier Suites, nod highly 



appro 



refer 






small dog. 

•<-,t animal, 
r operation, 



il.'r,Nl > .':...,-|.,inl : , .icul 'li 
ring Ibnn tbc licrkshir 

lie Htronge.il original i 



Idgurian Enes—Apla UgnHtiea. 
Tae general diffusion of tbisspecics of bee, says 
Diierxon, will form a marked ere, in the bee-cul- 
ture of Germaoy. The profit derived by the 
farmer from feeding stock depends not alone nn due 
attention to the habits nnd wants of tbo animals, 
bnt mainly on the character of the breed Itself. 
So, also, with the bee. We lind marked difference 
in point of industry even among our commoo bees ; 
but tbc Italian bee surpasses these in every respect. 
A chief difficulty in tbc way of a more general al- 



as I dread of tbc s 



gOflllL-i 






lain which it Inflicts, tbnugh no 
mscquence follows; butinsomn 
rcrc aid long-protract cd swell- 
on. This especially deters la- 
: in this pursuit. All this can 
1 1 ■.=-... 1 1 1. 1 i.i ii of the Italian bee, 
m< en [rrnsclblc Insect. It will 
happens to bo injured, when It 



speedily bo converted into Italian stock by simp], 
removing the queen from each, nnd, after tb 
lapse of two or three days, or as soon os the work 
era decidedly manifest consciousness of tbe depri 
vatloo, supplying them with an Italian queen. W 
Arc thereby also enabled to note the gradual dls 
appearoncB of the old race, us il becomes sup 

|.l.iMi;.| 1,1 lllimeiv. ISr.'iilei ll,l' IllCriinni prolit 



of thai 
:lently d. 



til']',, I :. 



Ivej. Tbc hog, 
iipnl quadruped, 
fully cultivated. 



:iuv ui.il u(,T t , : ,,l,l„ Ui„„ die iirl'.-jt I.UIIit.' In 
;besn lalandj. besides the hog, the only Indigen- 






tly. 



in ntiinbi.r.i.iviTifbi-lruliigly l,rp. ; tl„,„,|i 1 > .- L . r - 
7.0U U under the i>i,p'.-'i Ion Uiili i.li.:,,- bi.th kindii 
uf drurn-i .;),i..l in ui I tnmihiii LT-.MI,,.' U.lli:i,i 

niieens will usually eiic.intrr 11,11;.,, drones, both 
queens nnd dionea being more nctiio nnd agile place, 






i kind. Besides, the wings of 



' tbe common kind, and tbi 

nds produced iu flying ore clearer and highen 

...cd. llcnce, jirulnblv, lln-y lire readily able 1c 

ilisiinjriii.-h each other when un tbe wing. The 

' of Berlcspsch, ono of the most enthus 



1 his own eiperien 
liienoo, in relutioi 
d: 1. Thai the I till: 



■,:tl,..yii 



II, 

ons gn 



d indli 



5. That they in 

:fenci'. ' They 
vay into colon! 



18MI, dcsi-ri 
their nbdom 



Nil' I II 



befori 



nil bands to Tor 
ion bees; but wbi 
es, they flgbl wi 
Incredible adroi 
Uonig-bitne, Goth 



on black edge oi 
h might bo called 
o ground, and ii 



Of a 



eommanicalion (tbe last of April), begun |«, build 
any new comb. Not only, jiiys Mr. Iludlknier, ™. 
the Italian bees ilii.tin^uiil.. d by an earlier 
awiiki'iied in.|,Lil:ii> iu iltlivily nnd bibiir, but tl.ey 
are renuirkablo also fur tbe ki'iIiiIoue use ilu.y 



I'l,.., 



■warded to thclln! 



....[..■rl,r.,pliry 



-(.Mull 



PmsKnviso PoTivoEa.— Tbc preservation o 
latoei by dipping thorn la boiling rrBtor is b 
ablo and H.:' inl discovery. Largo qnanlitlci 
be cured at once, by putting them lnlo a boal 

admit, and then just dipping them a mlnuto c 

skin, is thus destroyed without injury to tbe p. 

hoars. They shunld bo then dried iu a worm 

and laid up In sacks, secure from frost, In a dry 



Stilts Agile ul In i £.1 College. 
Tux Trustees of the New York State Agricultu- 
ral College bavo issued a pamphlet ci 



rej-nt.,1 



) of 



tudles wbiob it Is proposed to pursue. Il is em- 
jollished with a neatly printed view of the College 
buildings, bi they will appear when fully com- 
letod. The Board o! Management have been for- 
mate in securing B3 President so energetic and 
apable a man as Major M. II. Patrick, and we 

uch men as Henry Wager, Jobn A. King, B. P. 
olineon, James 0. Sheldon, and their associates, 
rill accomplish much gnnd. 
As yet nunc nf tbe Professors bavo been ap- 
ulntcd, except William H. Broiler, who has ac- 
cptcd tbo chair of Agricultural Chemistry and 



The 



> of i 



lion of which a special 
degree and diploma will be conferred. Tbo year 
is divided Into Summer and Winter terms— tbe 
former commencing in April, the latter in Decem- 
ber. No student under sixteen years of age will 
be received. Tbo annual charge for tuitiuu, with 
hoard, lights, and fuel, is S'20 



.r Fres: 



inn yea 



i, algebra; 











igher branches or mathematics 


ib..„,i,irv, 


surveys, plan and 'build roads 




.ii to comparative anatomy, veg. 
















s excursions to collect specimen 








s, gets out timber, fattens and b 








. Practically iu the shop and fl 


Id, and the- 




ffings in Iho 




1 [IIILILipllM 


ed in the aonstructinn or evei 




implement and machine; his 




ned and strengthened by the 1 




ingnud repairing tbe implements 


and trained 



The ilnrJ ye.ir i)l the otudtui very properly is 

cuntraets, highways, and fences, in farm-buok- 
kecping, and in the pulile brunches nf learning. 
In tbe laboratory, he not only lumlv^.. i-nuh? and 
meiul-j, but hio '^:ii..-riiii..'ni;- I'.'ml into the realm of 
electricity and iini^iiiiiim. He draws biiiiljL-ape?, 
animals, and urcbiiecturul plans, nnd puts the fin- 
ishing touches to bis study, 
la ii word, it ii expecled to Like our iurmer-boy 

rett!y\.pou bi.- oreiipaiion, and to turn bim out at 
■ of the threo yen 



v.,,11-'.. 



■ 1 'Ijll.'.r 



is Tor i 



■oilrjsi 



d get In 



,.-l,. ,., 


r limn lifle.'i 


acres nf his w 




ilb.-iu 


"-'-''' !l "" 


f "thogtcnttil 


struction 


bu boys 




veil fur the Col 


ege. 


is intc 


I'-il lu divide Ihc t.Lria iu1<: 






















ced maps shall 


» struck 




t...|iiii.-r.,|.l. 


jii map nf lb. 


farm, of 




iml,:!,! hull 
















Ions, value, 


..■I all tba dat: 








bu close of tbi 








■ii-., un." thorc 










union nf 


























n.l.l n. 




iliuiial, plans for laying 












., u nli .u.-'iiupiiiiyiug essays 


il|>on thu 



. eye to pecuniary profit, but l< 



o is disi 



I, Ih-r. 



elbilar 



delays; ._. 

.insured that if the public do nut etpei-t too much, 
anil tbe li.niier.i gii'u Ibe JupjuiH they should, the 
i.'ulb'i!.; -.Till live ami do ni.li . li tut ibe Slate. 
Students contemplating joining Ibe institution, 

will be furnished v.itli cv..v uttc-nty i,,l .,i„,„ 

by applying ;>cr.,,,u,.llv or by loner, to Mr. R. 
Patrick, I'r, .id. i.i ,.f il,., i.'ulk',,',-, Uvid, Seneca 
County, h". V.— [K. i*. Tribune. 



Troataioae of Been. 
Pt-UKTV or air is as necessary for bees in winter 
I Iu summer. Without care thu passages mny be 
loscd by rain frceting on the uutsldc, or moisture 
ondenslng from the outside, and tbc bees bo 
notbercd. Dead bees nnd the HI Hi falling from 



n comb somoilm 
k the hi 



..ally, ;. 



II lil- 



iil may be covered by drilling snnw. During 

il'l w.athtr, uiib-... tlirrc be acii.falltli suow un 
'■■ l.'-"ii,i, ,1 b well 10 allow thu bees 10 fly; but 
■'■ — inly warm enough to tempi a few " 



cather 



ie hlvo to disc. 






old 



dcpredntlooi from rats a,,d mice 

'->■[. .:■ ■i.illy isiib il. ...-■: n..t.dln tbo bouse. Those 

slblu. Tho offensive effluvia from dead bees may 
bo removed by sprinkling nir-slackcd lime upon 
the Door of tbe room.— [ He) fast Journal, 



34= 



THE CAL IFO B#JA g^g M]S:R : 



'CALIFORNIA NOTES. 

THE DTO1AMOLOG7 OF CALIFORNIA. 



Ico 



,v Henry 



Tan poem of niatvntba, lately wriiten 
W. Longfellow, descriptive of tho Indian '• ""-'i 
trodiliom, and country, has been obumlntiiiv inn- 
died by the literary quidnuncs or the Alhmlic 
Stales nnd England ; by many who consider them- 
selves highly capable of judging, it is ignorantly 
disparaged,or dntuncdiviib faint praise ; by others, 
cstollcd to the sl"" LD E h'S"" of Pnrnoons- 
Having paid considerable nilcolion to the tndlnn- 
ology of onr country, in our humble jadgment 
this poem of Longfellow's is an honor lo the learn- 
ing, judgment, and genius of n number-otto poet 
of the English language. His knowledge of the 
Indianology of the Apnlnchinn tribes is deep and 
sober, and his portraits are evidently from nature 
and tbe best of observing travelers. 

MoirannY, IB January, ISStl. 

[Bite— State writing ihe above, wobnvo perused 
School craft's fifth volume of Indian '"'- 
1S55, a copy of which has Just come I 
see nothing in the articles on Orcgt 
fornia to shako our belief in the ci 
our estimates of the Indian populntii 
in the foregoing notes.] 

There appears to bo a prominent idea running 
through Schoolcraft and all tha writers on S 
American ludinnulogy, that the ancient inhabit 
of the Western Hemisphere, progenitor! of ou 
dians, came formerly from the Eastern Contii 
Tho grounds of this speculation or conjee 
appear, lo one humble judgment, as far fetcht 



their country, and way he suggestive to observers 

the Pacific and elsewhere. These observers 

and note-makers ore very much wanted, of tho 

Indian clans in the country between the Bay of 

Francisco and the northern boundary of the 

c, between tho ocean and the Sacramento 



catcd of 



ristotle's nation of tho i 



in tho i 



nething like bis face when that satclil 



tho physog of his qncet fea 
likened to those philosophers w 
trivlng systems of how salt, ci 
the ocean, were made; fromwha 
Erst deposited orcliminated. V 






And why 



M.I.I ,. 






Parent have peopled this hemisphere 
i race of men, like he has with that 
Dials I Way should they have come 
nd Asia, any more than Europe and 
iginally populated from America? 
' canoes of Kanakas, Chinese, and 
e been drifted from island to island, 
and even across by Bcbring's Straits to tho North 
Pacific shores of the Western Continent? Could 
not canoes of American Indians, of the old civil- 
ised races, in the same way, In the profound ages 
of California amiqoiiy, have been drifted in certain 
wean centals, from America Notlb-Wcst to Asia 
Norm-Em? May uot Asia hare been Brat popu- 
lated and civilitcd from Alta California? And 

cress io the United Slates land, in Mexico, in 
Central America, aod io Pero, from bnrbnrinn to 
anni-eivUiiatioc, by long and iotermlltent fits and 
and dij position assL 



s they h 






and Korth Africa? Ffcm savag 
herdsmen, herdsmen lo agriculturists, wai 
and priests, and from these to written languages 
nnd lo bnlldcra of slone cities and great pyramids 
and temples? There can be shown, we respect- 
fully suggest, no good reason why. The si 
of Indian chronology and archeology is nni 
sarily, to our minds, enlflDglcd with theii 
fetched questions. But we do not presume ti 
malice against the idea that our Continen 
have been visited formerly by stray cos lawny! 
the shores of Europe or Pacific Asia, and 
may have lit up a new light amoog the American 
snelonis, any more than the reverse of tho propo- 

50 March, 1356. 



AtL.lr, 



i Calif 



t ul.y. S,,,,. r 



i Indian 



of t 



Sacra: 



nd t 



tra .Vends, from Vrckn to Hie Tejon pass, and 
o those of the Colorado river near Iho Gulf, 
e Wasboes nnd Piutes of tho eastern baso of 



Wo 


iiia 
kcr 

ing 
chn 


nd Owen rivers, 


se of Slono Lake an:] 
nd tho clans in their vi- 
ing opporlunitics and a 


the 


with a liberal ey 

diligent ciamtn 
rringo books of 

oehtons of that 


. It see 

tion of t 
tho Miss 
valuable 


vi.r thought ol 
a old baptism 



The following note reprinted froma lato number 
of tho San Francisco Herald, may bo found ol 
interest in connection with the foregoing matters : 



y-iV.ur 



Angeles 



i by the 1 
IKS), for 



Hugo Held (wl 

Los Angeles Stai 

become eilremoly scarce, and considered by 
San and European ethnologists of great 
the highly carious fact is stated that about 
io year IBIS to tho year 1834, Santa Cata- 
lan Clemcnle, and tho other islands of 






India) 



of il 



of t 



islaods. 



raof lb 



"The remains or llioso of San Clemcnle, which 
■.■re collected in caves on the island about l:-'.'J, 
owed in their heads, '(Ac ahull of them lo have 
:eu possessed of donhle teeth all round, both in 
e upper and loner jaw I' 

"As l:tid ivas nn educated man, who kid nvideJ 
California over twenty years prior to his death, 

worth, such a statement would not have been 
bis having good foundation for the 
story. What a scientific treat lo some of onr San 
Francisco medicos would be tho possession of half 
a doien of these Indian skulls of San Clemcnle. 

"Held also mentions that Pndro Jose Maria Zal- 
r.i.ft.is (about ldi-lj, 'reduced the Indian language 
of San Grabriel Mission lo grnrnmmiciil rukv, 
translated the prayers of tho Chnrch, and proaohed 
a sermon in their language every Sunday.' What 
has become of Ibis Indian vocabulary ofZnlyndcns? 
It would be of tbe greatest value to American 
philologists. Can any of our friends nt Los An- 
geles inform us ? 

"In connection with California Indian vocabu- 
laries, we are informed that the Smithsonian Insti- 
tute will, as soon as circumstances permit, publish 
a curious vocabulary and grammar of the Slutsnn 
Indian language, of San Juan Eauiistu, in Monte- 
rey eonnly, which was prepared by the Missionary 
Fnthor Felippo Arrays, as long ago as 18Ii, and 
containing not less than ninety-four folio pages. 
This old friar had resided iu California from about 
1810 to 1842, in which latter year bo died nt the 
Mission of Santa VncI, iu Santa Barbara coo my. 
Tho study of the Indian languages bad been his 
mania, and after his vocabulary was finished, it was 
the constant plagoc of his life nnd his friends hnw 
he conld gel it printed. In Iho ehnnges and revo- 
lutions of tho Missions and tho country, from 1822 
priest got considerably changed 



let finally lost 



UtChu 






lished ii 

and which didnotteach Califorai' 

of 185?.] 

The information given by 
ley is very valuable, as far a 
dition of the Indian Iteserratio: 
1850. Wo ace nothing in it, ho 
estimates and opinions we had ; 
It would make a great sddilii 
Beports from tho Ionian Agen 



spring 
perintendeut Hcn- 



iouslj form, 

■n the Pad 
nd Ariiona 



telllgent and cducnlcd 
greatly benefit the C 
sound understanding on Indian lubjeei 
they spend millions of dollars nnd rac 
uunlly. Thcfeuuwlcdgeof the dbTettr. 
habits, prejudices, and history, of 
woold often save wasting wars, and 
chequers from drying up. There Is ni 
superior to lhat of mao— of the In. 
North America; and to the statesmen o 
States, the problem fraught with the h 
tsu-> nur rmnrc political power nnd 



i oa tho snbjet 
honor among b 
e East, and won 



Uwmtnsr, ID July, IS1B, 
fratiined in iheao notes on tb 
■> were moslly collected frot 






ib "" !rB '" form for Plication. At bes 

ey are but the gatherings of common observa 

Hon and personal labor ; we make no assuoptia 

ofloarnlng Sa Ethnology or Philology, They .„ 

-"'--•Wok, worthy of prVs.rvathTn, I 

"'" n idea of the primary history of 



give CsUfonlans 



igbt of ontil tho MSS. boo 
icd np by tho Rev. John Ci 
i Mission of Santa Cms, wbi 

II of tho twcnty-ono.Missioi 
igracnts of church catechism 
of them entire vocnbnlarie 
ought lo be preserved ar, 
liters of literary curiosity ! 

on tho hombrcology of o: 



about 1.-J1, 

Ihe Mission 

twenty-En y 
translation of 
Torkln IB40, 



Lot no A 
Ibis Indian 



Heps of bis t 



imongtho papers of Father Geronl 
o, giving a history of tho Indians o 
if San Joan Cnpistrano, In Los An 
', among whom ho bed labored fo 
fears prior to his death in 1831. j 
" is account was published In Not 
Alfred Robinson's "Life in Call 

an, much less a Cnlifornian, thin! 








-ndnSover 


Ign Statu ha 




e frontier 


Oft 


a Unit 






there 




Mcllci 




the 


ace or 


nbablted by not 1 


ta tha 


twelv 


Hans o 


different 


-aces, 


habits 


Then 


111 to blood 




rly dr 


tholnd 


in is nssum 


nobis 


oivnm 



and s 



all,,. 



race of Ihe conqnei 

peoplo, by the year 1300, will assume the form 

the secondary qocstlan in tho Iheater of Amorict 

oust our ifaiui of amalgamation nnd governmeu. 
with Ihcso nations of the healthy Invigorating 
altitudes ol Mciico nnd Central America. Foi 
who can divine but that the Indian may learo thi 
art of nlf government tbe same as other races 
They were capable of asocial and gavernmenta 
policy font hundred years ago. How will il hi 
with those who hnvo inauutd r'n numirrj far tin 
last two hondrod years, after having stood thi 
shock of European civilisation so long? Thori 
are, it is onnpojed, sa many If not mora Indians ir 
tho Spmiah North American countries as then 



were in the year 1020. Tho more wo know of tho 
Indian, then, tho better arc wo able to eni 
iliii'imhii'- i'.ii'I u. [iKiviilu for contingencies, which 
promise soon to bo of tho highest raorocnl 
of California particularly, and tho United Stales 
generally, as affecting our social, political, goo- 
graphical and commercial progress, particularly of 
tho Pacific. Tho question to bo settled, then, by 
1D00 is, if the Indian nnd willlo man can learn tc 
live in poaco and prosperity under a detnocrntti 
form of government ? Will tho Indian conliuut 
swallowing tbo white man in tho Mexicans, or will 
Iho white man open his month wider nnd try tc 
gulp down twelve millions of people of a diffcrenl 
complexion? Shall we be cntoilcd in lhar nets 
nnd lose our own affiliations and Identity, or wil; 
U be that titg will gain tho forces we lose, and tri 
debilitate our blood nnd tho political virility of 
our race? Quito ube is oil we can arrive nt foi 
this present. 

Tho vocabularies and tho accompanying memo- 
rials following those notes, numbered from one tt 
eleven, from Klnmuth river to the San Diego fron- 
tiers, wil) add somo new facts on tha Callfbrnis 
ladinnology to those collected In tho Congress 
publications on tho Pacific Railroad Surveys, tho 
Mexican Boundary Surveys, tho six vein 
iplcndid government work on tbo Indi 
Coiled Stales, by Schoolcraft, and of 
acquisitions to tbo California Bibliography. If 






nnyi 



.a of It 



and e.lrfbqua 



is abundant 
i Monan 



liiJi.iiiiaCiUfiiniiciis: nnd a grand, curious, nn 
fnmous work will it make.If tho author has Hull 
liberality, and moderation for his guide, nnd usi 
tin.- fjt'iltii-i of competency, patience, dili-fin- 
nnd the accumulated facts of history from 15-10 I 
1EC0 ; nnd his task will be no light one cither. 

(Fram Wilkei- Spirit ar the Timet] 
The Horse. 
Is breeding tbo horse — soil, climnle, nnd som 
i.'.tn. r on: : ~:' i>i".:.ili; ('i in'Tui:ij or retard tho nni 
mill growth. Tho rich, dry ^oil is best adapted t 
secure the full anil p. riVci devtlupmont of nil tb 
animal organs. Sandy soils un.]-.e ilrv. . innvy 
limbs, bnt these barrens stint tho growth of the 
body to tho mere shadow of a horse. Sandy bar- 
rens nre not equal to grave! hills, mixed in with 
alluvia! bottoms, to furnish nn abundance of food 
MoijiiMiouiis regions beget power, by dniubtrin^ 
their mgged precipices. Kature adapts the power 
to the service. It requires mora power to c 
rugged ascents thnn to perform in n level cot 
This surplos power ncqnircd in tho mountair 
passes as much in the valley as il excels i: 



untoln. It is well II 

r tho hills and pastures, w 



engthen thoit 
so that they will stand service in after years. Th 
country is unsurpassed Tor breeding purpose ,, \iw 
inu (In luivanlnges of good soil nnd cliiimif, wii 
Iho best of grazing lands. It holds out tha cboii 
oi .-.ituiition — tbo mountain upland, or proirli 
gravel, send, of clay soils; warm, temperate, i 
cold climnle. All tbat is required is n supcrii 
breed, and good husbandry, to produce Ihe highe 

Tho first step to decide is what kind of cattle 
man requires lo supply his own wants, or to mci 
1, or the public 






to of 









united with good" 
the breeder musl couple logcthoi 
tials to insure a fearless, swift-fooled progeny. If 
fupcrior properties do not exist Ihev cannot b 

equally iruo. From the two stoniest horses, othl 
things being equal, we may txpecl to produce th 






Itioncd by the laws of breedic 
1 lo produce their equals. In i 



tbroogb iho principles of hereditary law. 

With a knowledge of tha physical form in n 
tion to force, combining theory and practice or 
laws of hereditary descent, tlicy should ho obli 



l-nililli; Uu: 






'"•""-■ di'lirinui i-.-i ■ii- ;,,-.;,. .:,,.! ','." . .'.'." i'i'i '■" 
put in nuili,,,, „ll i| lt ;r physio.] e„,rgi;. s Breeders 
who Jisregarrl this prlacipk. Kill foil .„ ,,,.,„, \ Ur . 

pn.-„ IL,,,,,;!, ll.v.v ,„;,;• i,.,-!-.,,,,, v,,. r|1 -, (l . 

wbL-n in gooil humor, without th- ,.:„ - n-_-in ,. n =_ .-,] 



"■■■■■ ...1 |.;.|1.1IUIH 11 :..„|||,.|. tltiiUhv ,;,jli Ii , 

the untcce, ei,t „l' „ll improvMa^t.- TI,,.. u,-m 



I lings cleared bydraivinK.aud. I, 
encd by gcnlle friciion, nn d thch 
increased by cooling food and i 



'""i:li.:r of valimble racers or ro.nl^r... in 
inllutnm , 3 not coolincd lo wlimlnt'orlosinB-a fov 
purses, bat Is oxleuded far and vide to the futur 
"I'liii'-nt of bis race Tho entl I !r 

years i ago was looked upon as a phenomenon ^a 
could make his mile In 3 minutes. Now we hni. 



those upon the course that have made tbo n. 
ishlng time of 2rJ-t4 — 2:25j, and it is confidently 

i.ri'ilitleil tl,;i1 lnv.-er li:;uri:i irill m.irk Ihe trottll ' 
era- of 18S0. From the wonderful speed of tl 



.V.ivill „, 



uplijli t) 



inds. Manyotbor 



allioi 



singularly Buccosiful, and become fnmous as tho 
progenitors of trotting stock. Mures of ncknowl- 
i:ili:i.il evcellence, bred to these alnshlng sultans of 
the stables, would perpetuate offspring that would 
onroll their names high on the trolling calender. 

In order lo Improve tbo spued of tho horse wo 
must avoid the form of the ox, the slow, dull, 
monotonous nclion of the animal of slow work, nnd 
unite Die form of tho fox, deer, nnd greyhound, 
those fast-footed knights of the forest. Their 
form is that of speed and endurance, tlio/.ji'-ji'.'.-iif* 
of the form of tha high-met tied racer. Il is in- 
bred, created by constant unremitting exertions in 
tho chase. 

Tho form of tbe horse is significant of substance 
and action. The bend should be lean, the neck 
fine at tha sotting nn of tho head, growing largo nt 
the body. The .:i|,;imi.-il i.e.-iril prevents distress 
at n rapid pace. The withers, high, giro graceful 
notion ; tho oblique shoulders give case of motion 
nnd cileudcd stride ; the chest with deep girtb and 
capacity to give free notion to tho lungs, gives en- 
durance, nnd Is Iho most esscntinl organ to insure 

stronger thnn the long back, though not as easy i: 
the pace under saddle. The arm large, and elboi 
forming the lever of motion lo tbe for^li.uii. ile, [ 
attached lo tho shoulders by slrang cords nn 
laeirle.i. j.-ive1 fori_e nnd qilieknesi of SpCod. Tit 
knee, tho fulcrum that holds tbe balance of powei 
should be well let down, giving tho arm greater 
lover power. The leg, or lover of motion, -lioi.l.i 
bo enveloped will, .liviinntlv-d, i,r,..-il muscles and 
prominent sinews. Tho well-bent bind leg gives 
motive power that presses the horje into tin- collar, 
if progro! 



whoh 



lato tbe power 
If we study c 
great c 






Tbo 



keeps 



nek fool 



i hoofs. Tbo feet and 
anrded with tho utmost scrutiny, 
wear out two set of poor limbs, 
nbs aro tho steam and wheels oi 
mnt tbeso this car of flesh and 

omplicated pile of bones, Strung 
)f muscles nnd ligaments, acting 

.1 force of lever power. To un- 
gth nnd power of these animals 
o understand tho anatomy of tbe 



o offspring by degrees Ii 



led with marcs thnt 



t is like alio 

:!r w,.i, .|,,, , ; 

en [ml lo be: 
foremost. 1 
And it is i, 



cr, grandmolher, nnd great grandmi 





Nil' 


-.Villl.ri.eii ,1 | 


.inn- 




Wl 


bis kind- 


-thit 




lattci 
















in 
































r the turf by breedin 


gto 


i .ii-,. 



11..; .li,,i-I,,.:1 
HI. .l|..:v..,l I 



niWHJily. 1 



open fielii 

etypeoru 
Hit in a. n 
y to respond to tbe good faith 

ralili- -= f . . — i ; 



NUBSERY BUSINESS. 



First I*i"©ixaJ.tmrx 

:N"TTH SERIES, 

S» SAN JOSE. JUR 

B. S. FOX & CO. 

HALF MILE FBOSI 0117, TELEGRAPH 1QS3IOK 
ROAD, 

Fruit and Ornamental Trees, 

GRAPB-VIUEB, 

Flowering Shnibs, Gooseberries, Corrarjts, 

RASPBERRIES, eye. 

UWTOH AND DORCHESTER BLACKBERRIES, 
Of Genuine and Superior Plants. 

CLIMBING PLANTS, DAHLIAS, fcC. 

KUBSERYMEN'S STOCKS, GRAFTS, So. 
Wo desire to offer to our friends and patrons a stock of 

TEEES, PLANTS, 
-CTXCTS3S, SHH.UBS, 

ASD 

NURSERY STOCK, 

THE PRESENT SEASON. UKK1VALGD 



.orts. It Is not so mneh onr aim to present nnmo.__ 
varieties as il is to offer valuable onoi, and no shall ol- 
wajj b- pronarpd to tcrvo our patron, nilh o 

as fully "proved lo bo a valuable kind. Ou 
nnrary nrtklca need only to be HBD to befall 

mtil. Via ato conHdont «-e can 

Equal Any Nuraoiy In Stock or Growth, 
Our ctforts being to show onr friends 

Well-Grotvn Trees anil Plants. 

Wa Invite nil purchasers of Trees, Plants, Ac, to call an. 

AGENT, MB. JAMES L, BTJBTIS 

116 Washington street, Ban Francisco, 
Whore wo have opened n Store, that onr friends I 

EXAMINE OTJE STOCK, 

As we purpose otferiDf them at 
ONE-HALF LAST YEAR'S PRICES. 

Troet and Stock packed with gr 
DELIVERED AT ALVI30 FREE OP CHARGE, 
eal! 



It would ba odrar 
iko Eolcctlani oarl] 
sues found at Farm 



ca Trees. 



GOLDEN-GATE 

N U H S B R I 



m. 



HARDY EVEBGHBES SHRUBBErti.-, 

GREEN-HOUSE PLANTS, 

EVERGREES CLIMBING VINES, 

ROSES, In 230 vnrieties, including line standflrds, 

DAHLIAS, POCHSIAS, CARNATIOSS, 

Floirerlng- Plants ft»r Iho Garden, 

OREENHOUSE, AND CEMETERV. 



ledlgreo bj the prowess nfunenm 
ovc himself tho architect ofhls _ _ 
nrond emperor of his race. 

Ull.K l|„; ,,.,1,(1, ,.|,,„|„ r „li. ,, ri ..„ ; ] 

.Od Btvlr Tl,,. I,r^'...,1.. I. .,. .', , 



good atjlo. The homely horse 

■I"-". 1 '. '-"'Iv l.N.i-l.-nolbin^i.lschorinc'been 

cultlvuted but speed. Somo of the fas'— E 
in thu counlrj, with a form that would 

■';»» '" a rnlilbrnu editor, have h« n beautiful 
of s c >d eir sublin, ° ' 



Tho o 

ib.ii.::.!.. 



is fun. 






ruuld be preserved ai 
veneratinn of tbo hu. 
Ion. Juki tra. 



Baaautfai f or Pmit xtobb. 
S may be successfully cultivated in aluios 
Ble», by observing IhufolloivinEre^uisHeJ 
"""J?'" 2 M , ln V do, nil th 



ir 6™wtli,i 



Ufuri 



i i he 






3d? a Tj; a c l Di ^ D ^ Bl( , 

(which are principally , 



In tho 



How to Pnovact Fens rnox SIoTna.-Tho In 



1, ..]„., || , |J . , 1 '■ [j '" '«r tun txbiliition were: 



Rare Hardy Plants, 

!k — i 

S StAGSOLIA OilANDIFLOHA, 
BPPE!l.TltEEB-lnrd T cvoignmi, 

RUpDOOHHDROX AR 110 HE USI. 
PITTOSPORUila^umbuiii-KwntHl nhlto l! 
ARAUCABJA ISIBRICATA, 
AllAUCAftlA BIDWILLII, 
AHAUCAIUA EXCKLSA, 
SHOLtan LAUREL, 
LAU1UER Al 



BERMUDA GRABS- ROOTS, 
For Sale at the GOLDEN HATE HURSEBT, c 
of Fourth and Folscm itreau. de 



PACIFIC TIN -WORKS, 

No. pa CIiAY STREBnp, 

3A.TST FHANCISOO. 

^ • O- AUSTIN, 
TIN AND SHEET-IRON WARE, 

P'aio, Fancy and Japanaed Fare, 

»o5E/rrNNED TKON WAEE, COFJEEaiLlA 
FEY-PAHB, BAKE.OVBNB, an.7te^ 

Tho ' n fS e 'l assortment orrendy-mnde TIN-WARE 

lePAIRIKO-Ooao lo inorhmaa 



* livim (bo Coi 



intrs-, prompanutoailKlwl 



WANTED 

S5£"H."r?rS, 



=«9= 



^^r^rTrWa^^T^. F^BMEK 



35 



The Scavengers. 

Asurowv, [ilijiiologjr, geology anil hisli.rv tuieb 

nj'ibai in order 10 preserve the proper balance 

between the animal and vegetable kingdoms, as 

' wellasta secure tie necessary transformations of 

lb, elemcots which alternately and inWrcbangt- 



TVere it not for the scavengers of the oeea 
■which the oyster and Dlhtt shell-fist arc prominent 
rumples, the great deep would soon become a 
putrid pool, whose pestilential effluvia would in- 
fect the whole atmosphere, nod. spread desolation 
over all the earth. 

And so on the dry land. In every place where 
rotting and decaying animal matters are found, 
the scavengers appear. The Geld, the garden, the 
burn-yard, the sinks, and ccss-poois, all hove their 
r« precisely according to the necessity foi 






1 them 



though tbey were his foes. Had he the pi 
would exterminate them from the earth. But nu- 
turo has wisely rnled it otherwise. Were it not 
for their friendly offices, he would si 
cjiiU Tho way to rid the earth of lb- 



Tin 



Fcrpem 



iij.Hi ii:.li« pea sable to our health 
listate consists in eating these 



;trs. Animals of n higher organliation are not 

ower animals. Nature has, throughout all tb( 
lomuin of animated talslonce, established tbt 
:ontrary rule. If we reverse or porven it, wi 
uust take the consequences. We must suffer now 

All animals destined to pnrify the earth, bj 
converting putrescent and effete organic mat- 
:ers into their own bodies, or through theii 




TO THE AGRICULTURAL PUBLIC: 

D PATRONS, HIS WATOt 



THE SftroSrJMBEK DESIRES TO EXPRESS TO HIS FRIENDS AS1 
and nnrrmrred thanks for their kind ' and raneh.needod support darint; the past year, 
mott lugumo cipoelatlon., and which he hopes to retain by panning snob a eonno t 
Pstrnnsand honorable to hi nuelf. 

He desires therefore to call their attention to n 1 
offer for sale for 18S0: 



of the leading articles which he will 

THRESHERS: 

pittb' osmmiB sofsaio theajheb, '""'"rT't?^ 1 "'"" 

"" mcuorine and rcgiilering the number of bushels thrashed, and bagging ton Brain. 

C. M. BUBBeU's Magslllon, Ohio, Tnrasuer, 8 and 10 horse-pow. 
Ball's Celebrated Canton, Oblo, 
The Hamilton, Ohio, 
The Albany, New York, 

The above Machines were Hade Expressly to Order for the California Market. 

Also, have oo hand, estra Casting*, Draper.. Elevators, Winder Teeth, Ac., *o, or .11 the above maehlnc 

THE CALIFORNIA COMBINED REAPER AD MOWER! |g=™ 

inl as n Combined 

Olara Comity Pair, hold In San Joio, In 

oqs members of the Stale 



S and 10 
4 and G 



HTJRSE 



RT oIBOULAR. 



FOREIGN AND NATIVE CRAPES, 

AND GENERAL NURSERY STOCK, 

OFFERED THE PRESENT SEASON OF 1659 AND I860, BY 

A^. P- SMITH, 

AT THE 

POMOLOGICAL GARDEN AND NURSERIES, 

SACRAMENTO, Two-uud-a-httlf Miles, from the City, 

ASD AT THE 

OFFICE »!fD DEPOT FOB. TBBBS, « J «!"«(, between Second -ml Tlilrf .trc.ls, 

SACRA MENT O CITY. 

TOE CULTIVATION OP THE GRAPE, AND TUB PLAHTHO OF VINEYARDS UPON AH 
«™i™ scale b at thopreient time oicltlne a llrolylatereitamone the people of our Slate. 
l t«ni,voKaJe,u«iu..| has thus far attended the operm- 

Tbc congenially of our sod and . l..u... . -'J^ 1 ^ ^^ Ind doJllnod I0 Blto rine-growing 



uitry, phjfiolo- 
nflkt wiib nn- 

is the daintiest 



bo wear large scal- 
enrry big sticks to 
If when obliged to 

it of tootb-picks— 
;in B out of a piece 
i nine German- Yan- 
Mcersebeum. The 
re obliged to fuck 



To which wua awarded tho FIRST PREMIUM over the Now York Better, on 
Hooper and Mower, at the Alameda Ccnniy Agricultural Fair, held In Jane but. Also, thi 

lbs State Fair, hold at Sacramento, In September last j and 
October last. 

is also called to a notice given i 
Agricultural Society. 

PECK'S HEADER AND HARVESTER ! 

To which was also awarded the FIRST PRE1UDJI at the Sato Fair, and at tbo Santa Clam County 
"Villi the eiperloaee of the past season, this machine Is » Improved as to be, without question, 

THe Very Best Harvester In XTse. 

SICKLE SECTIONS. 

SICKLE SECTIONS for MCCORMICK'S, HUSSEY'S, BURIULL'S, SEYMOUR & IIORSAK'S, 
PALMER k WILLIAMS', and MANNY'S (with Wood's Improvement) REAPERS. Also— 
EXTRA CASTINGS AND BRASS BOXES FOB THE ABOVE MACHINES. 

^OIL»:E3 R a h. e s . 

WHITE'S PATENT STEEL-TOOTHED BUGGY HORSE RAKE; 
WILCOX'S REVOLVING HAY RAKES, 8, 10 and 12 feat. 

BOYER'S FARM MILLS, for Feed, Corn Meal or Flour; requiring hut two-horse 
war. The cheapest form mill in use. 
PREMIUM FANNING MILLS, of. our own moke nod the best imported. 
INGERSOLL'S PATENT HAY PRESSES. 
GRANT'S GRAPE-VINE GRAIN CRADLES. 
KIMBALL'S PATENT SCYTHES and SNATHS, notched heels; the very best pat- 

HAY FORKS, BARLEY FORKS, both steel and wood. 
WLLCOX'S THREE-BOWED HAND RAKES. 
HOVEVS HAY CUTTERS, oil taxi. 
RUBBER BELTING, nil widths. 
MONKEY WRENCHES. 

GARDEN HOES nod RAKES. 

SKELETON CLOD-CRUSHER OR FIELD ROLLER (home manufacture). 

GRINDSTONES, oil Bites. 

PATENT ATMOSPHERIC CHURNS; the beat obura in use (homo manufaeturo). 

CHEESE-PRESSES, lelf-acting (homo manufacture). 

LACE LEATHER; LUBRICATING MACHINE OIL. 

LILLIE'S CHILLED IRON SAFES. 

EXTRA POWERS, .1, 2, 4, G. 8 and 10 Horae. 

EXTRA TRUCKS and EXTRA LEVERS. 
m- REPAIRING DONE ON SHORT NOTICE. tSS 
J. S. HARBISON'S PATENT BEE-HIVES, which tooktbe FIRST PREMIUM 

the Btute Fair, and which 1b tbo very beat bec-hito in use, nro for sale; and, also, persons 
manufacture these Hives can purchase tbo Right of 




planting of th< 



-.■ ,i never experience woIuwb already attained .bn'uldbo carefully noted and improved upon. 
For some years tec have been moat carefully eipcrimenting upon nnd propagating from a very largo 
.^he^tkindsoffore,^ 

'IC.TrToJloww native grape. Thus it will bo teen that tho ™e-*rai« of Europe have so far proved to 
t»"C decided nTvanta^ever tae .rap. "or, be,n, euItivaUd and knn.n a. the Lo, Anjelas .rape^ 

With these poinW esloblishcd, and with tho opinions of practical w.ne-growers of Europe to sns- 

.in m there Jo be no reasonable doabt of the nfr-aooccTios: IS vats arAva of the Eoo« wine-ErapaseT Europa. 

The' forthn crapes having a -.vorM-w.Jrj r, T uuai 01 i as aim:, talh, ond moil grapes, and having 

«en pro'ved I te hardier than oor o,rn grape, aad better adapted to our rtl and elimate they most and will ba- 

CoCrv esten-ivel, ealtiveted. W. eannot <uS.to.lly ln,nre« opon tbo 30 about to plan, v.nayarda, our en 

Utalaa. Tad preference, (ar thise!as> of S raoes. b.liovie e as we dp. that the varieties to be evc n toHl T .elee od 

fsSeta "i» ha ere- to the MM*, el aU ..hers. Wo would net b r anv mean, w^h ta *»»*£*• 

■ • ■ Indeed a useful and valoablo bt»j>o, and of which wa sell largei*- 

.rily give place to them 




W^KdlVwlh.«l.ntl«rfc.rttotnc*r«i™(v.^^ 



Wo wish it to be distiuclly understood that our stock has been all grown by ourselves from beat 
injt vines in oar own vineyard, aad we enumerate only snch as wo can furnish in largo quantities. 
When a thousand or morn vinos aro ordered, the selection of kinds will partly rest with us, but will 
be comprised within the following assortment : 

«=-Wowonldsuggo(ttoeurcajloinorjthiitthB>- should mme to us tho proportions Ihey desire for Tims and 
for wise grapes l"ho following is Iho list for tho preioBUoasoa: 

Black HambUIgh— An immense hearer, a largo nnd purple berry, one of tho finest nnd moat lus- 
cious of black grapca known. 
Willmotf S Black Hambnrgh-Extra ordinary bearer, and frail with immense sited berries, differ- 
ing in shape from oihcrTiemes. 
Black Prince— Large, very productive, rich and very delicious. 

Black Morocco- Very prolific, largo clusters, and gives premie of being a very fine .cine crape. 
Black St. Peters— Long and largo cluster;, a lato fruit, sweet and very delicious. 
Black Prontignatl— A good grnpo with a sweet and musky flavor. 
Cannon Hall Muscat— One of the largest white grapes known. From our experience this year we 

think it a fine wine grape. 
CnasselttB of Fontainoblean— A white, very productive grape, medium aim. 
Early White Sweet-water— A well known early sweet grape, being more than three weeks earlier 

than tbo California grape, and n great bearer. 
Early White Malvoison— Early, and sweet, and good. 

Frontignan Mosoat— Very Doe. Syrian— An immense bearer, very large, a lata sort. 

Grizzly Frontignan— A good bearer, fine flavor, good wife grape. 

Laahmier's Seedling— White, good siie, medium bearer, high flavor, believed to be good for iroje. 
Large Rose Of Peru— A largu and superior grape, and very prolific. 
McReady'B Early White-Very proline, and o Gno while grape. 

Muscat of Alexandria— Large and fine, the very finest of table gmpas, nnd of exquisite flavor. 
Royal Muscadine — A delicious grapi', ^ruM iii.-in i, i M'. 'jin ]'^.:l'. ill ■■ hl: ll jii'/i f-'r-ij";, nnd promises to 



m <U- . 1 1 .- U I ll - 



THOS. OGG SHAW, 

33 SACRAMENTO STREET, 
San Francisco. 



We, tho nndontgoca', members of tbe Elate Acri-ultural Society of California, bare teen and examined tho 
newlv Imptored CALIFORNIA COMBINED REAPER AND MOWER manufactured by THOMAS OGG SHAW, 
of Su Franc hco, California, for which a patent has been applied for * and, En our judgment, wo consider It one of 
the grniMst Improvements that has avercorao under oor objerraiftra, of tho kind; and wooboerfoJlT recommend to 
the farming wtncjnniiy las Ills perily nCallfomia invention) thli machine, an one or Lho beet Combined Reapers 
and Mowers now In use, as ItoontelasmBny decided and valaable Improvements. 
BAcnAVESTO, January ISth, I860. 

C. L llulehlaion, 



Red Frontignan— A very fine grape. White Frontignan— A very delicious grape. 

Our native grapes consist of tbo California grape from one to three years, Isahella, Oatawba, Clin- 
on, Concord, nnd Rebecca. Some of tbo latter nro new sorts, and of these wo uro not largely 
itockcd this season. We particularly ask planter? of vineyards to review our remarks in this card. 



^5 !s 25 ^E 



m 






of kindness is seldom ipakeoio vain. It 

ii t «ed whirl,, ercn when dropped by cuae 
»prio t i upo new Hower. 



Job a G. Downey, 

Governor of OUSirBli. 
A. fl. Myers, 

PiciUlenl A. C. Agrlcnl mill fiocln j. 
Wm. Rofus Langley, 
E. B. Crocker, 
Elotn Carrineton, 
31. F. Butler, 
A. R. DQ1, 
E. A. Slirsb, 
Cbiilu II. Couloy, 

C, ^. tovrtl, • 
R. D. Woodward, 
Rernard 8. Fox, 
Joi. LcnUU, 
IS. F. Middle, 
W.W.Lljbt, 
Fred W^J.irrl, 
T. G. Phelpi, 
John A. Suit, 



J. For men, 
P. A. Holt 
W. II. Pari 



Joi. I ;-!...[ -..,!■ lir;.:. 

B. It. Crocker, 

C. 0. Jeokr, 



0. C. Wheeler, 
W. Wadrwortb, 



Thomas Hsyee, 
Wa„ Flint, 
A. Jonnsoa, 



Jf. Cronklte, 
J. 0. Davis, 
J. 8. Harbison. 
Cbarlo Zoillcr. 



to A E . Bodely. 



FRUIT AND ORNAMENTAL TREES. 

The Trees oifered from the above establishment this season ure more than usually fine, and in tbe 
NUMBER OF VARIETIES, of each kind of fruit, wo porsera tbo largest collection In the State, our eaUIogao 

Apples, about 250 varieties ; Pbaoheb, 75 varieties; 

Pears, 400 varieties ; Nectarines, 20 varieties ; 

I 'I.1.-M-. GO varieties ; Apricots, 18 varieties ; 

Ciikhries, SO varieties: Grapes, 100 varieties. 

Wohosltato not In raying that our Pear and Cherry trees are the Uneit oserouarod for into In this Stale, of all 
■lies, Mag from G feel to 12 and 14 foot bi c b. Tbe grualer portion being not only or very largo site, hat also 
handsomely ahaped, aro olo = notly adapted to plantlo): near reildences, alTurdlng iba doable advantage of 
.bide nod fruit. Of the above mo fine Fralli wo offer 25,000 Treei for sale, of different tiles nnd prices, and as 
lowns good Trees can be bought at aay Int-elaa Nursery In the Sule. Many poisons hare had but poor sneccas 
with Chorry Trees In this Bute. Wo state Ibr their information that 
Our Cborry Tieos are groicn upon llic true imparled Maszard stock, and not upon common 

JYutfre or Oregon itoek of this Coast, 
the former being the only iteek Ct to grow Ibem on. Wo have also a very flnostoek oftho fol!oi[in B , vW 

Apple, Pluni, Pcacb, Nectarine, Apricot, Fig, anil Almond, 

Besides a miscellaneous eolleetion of other small fruits. Particular regard has boon paid (0 tho growing of the 
trees In eood ihapo, and pBrcbaion of our two-yoan-old trocs will And Ibnt Ibey base beon well "cut bank," and 
aro bow firm, nrtuoiotrlcally ,bi>pcil trtci. Wo goarinteo nu finer boaltblor trees, will bs found in lho maikat this 

and Ornamental Tree 3, Shrubs, Roses, and Greenhouse Plants, 

old and well knonnvarloliei, aa wall as a (Treat manyothenbolb good and oaw. Alio, a very 
fraa lot, of different sites, of that rory popular ihada tree, so fall of romlalieneos of burao, lho euoj old-faihioaed 
Elm , Tree of many variolic, but m«t of 1L0 America and Scotch Kirns, union nro of t -™J «[,». nnd when ttel 
eil.blLibed In tb. mil, tboy are uf rory rapid growth. Also, 

Locust; Lauuiinum, or Goluek Ciuim ; Maple, in variety ; Likdem, European and American; 

Catalpa ; China, arid other Trees. 

EST Wr call particular attention to our eolleclloo of THE CAMELLIA, now bo 

II eecliinalcd as to bogrowin B Unoly In ooronan grounds, and blooming u olcgantlyoat of doom hero, a. pM,iblo 

htbatcnaoredcaroinacoaieiynWry. It is nu lon«or abauso-plnnl, but ono or the G cnu oftho ploisuro grounds 

IT^WB OUABANTEE ALL TtlEES FROM OUU HURgEtLY iHI.I-i TO TUB NiYHJS. .sg 
"or mora mlanta partloulan of Shrubs, Bores, ic^ 100 CATALOGUES, waleh are mat by mall to all appl, tB nu 
V VEGETABLE SEED-Wo invite attention to our very large anj B eneral uasorlment, the crop 
"'. ^- lS ,Y,^^n^b U r^^X^ t ^st B mZ.'SS^ ttsA to mVfl1 TiiE TRADB in I"* """ to suit. and 
rFft'EaH^r/ at%°^o^«°"i b ' i " Wa «°™■"' ,vh ''' , a» onw pnp h a™S to^oPpl? Cg'^nanMUe. 
"lo orKolall Trade end will al«j.ba?n' , ron 1 lln™ ."Jar Oar»k"L"u City OS« y -i" ll*m t rt RKramento 
W S" CASH OKLY, o,i Order, aw U scbwH* *"/, :*, CI , luDr( ,„„,&,, 



36 



THE CALIFOBNIA FARMER, 



ffijre Saliiratia pxm. 



toV™ 1Y""bem? tiflrWfl ftM(Qfict, n u thero 

Litmbs oi Ovmtisn Halt— Will oor friends 
io lie old Stales plea™ "rile «a by the Overland Mall, 
ai ofiea on cuDiuUcat. It gnailv firiliutci oar pluv 

OUBSELVES-A SPECIAL NOTICE. 

Tne underiigned, the original nod present Editor 
aid Proprietor of the CiLironsiA Finns.- "-'- ' 



opon 1° *rk lh= 
•aether which 1 

C&asl War™ a, 


poMi 

tndx 

II hi; 


«Iort the 

iddrCBCd 


pjbli^l 
nitislk-t 
















initial letters ho 


i- In 
clwt 


•oed with 


tier than 



A Self-Snataliilng Post Officii for the fj. S 



ill tip, that would 



Loft - Han dn ens. 

Tm line Brfdgowntcr treatise thus ciploins: 

"The question hm been much dismissed nmoi 

anatomists, whether tho properties of the right ban 



This 



■L- il.lV 



i us to admit the blood directly 



i the effect, and presenting altogether too 

ommon en-or of seeking in the. mechanism the 
loses of phenomena which bovo a deeper source. 

rampt and deiti.r-.ms.it It pre Itj eeiden t thot there 
ujjhi to be no limitation which hand is to l>e oscd, 

iet, any such indecision. Is this taught, or bnvo 
. ilii= n ■..linn- ^-ivtn to a? by nnlurc? It must 
e observed, at tin- -nine linn:, that lliero is dis- 
n.iinn in the whole right side of the body, and 
nit tin- left side is not only the weaker, in regard 
] muscular strength, but also in its vital or con- 
.i to lions I properties. 
'■Til.; development of the organs of ncllon and 
lotion is greatest upon tho right " 



of tl 



than the right. In c 
the most difficult fee 
foot But their prepi 
tbo natural wookno 



,1 l.v ir 



r the 



unities more frequently 

■ tkinn-il by tbo right 



Alameda Aftloultural Socio ty. 

Tni Alameda County Agricultural Social 
pursuant to adjournment at San Leandro, Oi 
urday, March 3, 1660. 

Mr. llyers, from the Committeo appointed t( 
upon the finord ofBuporvlsors and oiik for "■ 
propriotlon of 5600 for tbo Soci 
by on Act of Iho Legislature, 



ithor 
reported tbot 
id wo* in tbo | 

s'sio'n of the Society. 

The President slated the first bus 



1.'. till- . 



adjourn 






r upon 



while at the same 
postage would secure to the people a means 
and rapid communication from one part 
country to the other. 

an institution as our Post Office Deparlmen 
lag millions nnooally, with Its innumerable 

direction, each and all appointments of tri 

necessarily be such delays and hindrances n 
rtsnlt io great and irretrei Table losses pocut 
besides large and serious losses to vast num 
people who ore dependei 



it the fon 






ity of 



As all oppnintmonls and all removals require 
action from tbeebief bureau— this involving months 
of delay— the evil suffered by the people is incalcu- 
lable; and it is these delays and hindrances that 
have caused somany ctpriaa to be started, all over 
lha country— the aggregate annual business of 
which now amounts to as great, if not a greater, 
sum than thot of the Post Office department itself. 

Tf the carriage of these mod host can bo let onl 
by contract, oo all tbevnrlon* routes, of the United. 
Slates, why not let out the route, thentdrni Why 
nol lit ran kj.il boctbs, with the privilege of 
earryingjbe letters Bad parcels cicli 
good and responsible parties— giviog the "patent 
right" far so long a time to those parties- that i 
carry it in the quickest lime, doing the work it 
manner most acceptable to the public* We 
liere-if the U: S. government shoold 
eds to give rights for routes, in tb 
rMinnna would now be realised npon routes that 
have long been a heavy bill of eipense to tbc gov- 
erntnenl. The thing is plain: the work would be 
quickly simplified, tho routes would be Improved, 
better conveniences for tho public, many new and 
increased facilities, and a cr 






oslablilt 



■r of suh 



can bo permitted to step Id, e 
lively, that the mail! will bo carried In aboot half 
the time, and at about half the cost, and the whole 
people trill have' thhir letters and parcels carried 
at a loss rate than at present. As proof of this, 
the present great inconveoleoce and delay Indocc 
all the- expresses sod parcet-de liveries tf priteu 
enterprise, that could and would be grontly im- 
proved by the additional right to carry the mails. 
Upon the safety of so carrying them wo shall speak 
'-a papers. We only, make thcao hurri 
"oo to tho subject. 




,nged 



collection of li 
all of IhoAeOT/ijMdHi very handsomely 
in squares, tagetber with many irulno 
trellises as cspslicrs-lbo entire system being th. 
best ond most perfect, and the entire lot of Ireei 
being the finest collection of well-pruned trees wi 
have seen Id the State. Wendriiunll fra it-grower 
who would see well trained fruit trees to go to Mr 
Center's garden and examine them. 

collection ofaew varieties of Imported goose- 
berry tree, (f.om Scotland) were very finely formed 
into open heads. Tbe eotlrogar." 
perfect order and in a high state c 
reflects great credit npon the - 
taste In the design, and npon < 



■t for bis 



The- Oakland Pair 
Tnaploootthr, Oaklaod Fair h„ indeed suc- 
ceeded, and all that | s now needed It a un ,- on „r 
•l-mgih of all the citizens of the several .aru™. 
composing the proposed district, andtheerhihlZ 

„ t %*"* ° ne ' ThB llmB fi " d > » ""I ho 
seen, | s June, a pleasant period of the tear h. 
wrly frell. are io all their perfection, and aowe" 
„„■' ,'' E'<»7i a leasoa too, when all the 
' e, "'«°f«tock will .how to perfection. 



-«ly hope there will be 



generous feeling 



zxrsxiZiiZsr" 3 



lie exhibition; Tor, if these exercises bo m 
an ungraceful performance will bo give 
right side. In walking behind a person, i 
seldom thnt we see an equalised motif 
body; and if we look at the left foot, wo s 
that the tread Is not so firm upon it, tbal 1 



■ Tr.-, m 



,.. I,.;., .,;.., 

and springs 



a from the motion 
-, tbo defect of thi 



in right. 



lude that eve rvthing 

IS :L.l.i[ill-.| ill 111'- II nv.^i'.M. :..> .Il'llf,-. In I 111: lii.-ht 

and— us, for ciample, the direction of the worm 
f the screw, or of the cutting end of tbo anger— 
: not orbilrary,bot is related to a natural endow, 
lent of tbo body, lie who is left-hooded is most 
:nsible to tbc advantages of this adaptation, from 



igtuf 



is not the effect ofha 
and is bestowed for t 
the property does i 



f tin 



t depend on the 

[ir-fttintL. i= given to the right loo 
:o tho right hand." 

:e this qnestion agitated, and 



wilt fa 






tnindi 



We differ mnieriolly In the premises set forth- 
thai "the development of the organs of action ant 
motion is anaiat upon the right side,"— unless thi 
writer menns to convey tbe idea that it is so nor- 
Surflly.' BCn,!talJDna ° f '"•■ ha -^ u <^y. "> 

physiological science, bnt wc have been of nature 
and we don't believe the God of Natore over raadf 
the right arm, hnud, leg or foot stronger than the 
left, in a bealthy being; neither dn we believe in. 
right eye can see better, nr the right car hear bet- 
ter. 11'; believe Ho gave us our limbs, eyes ant 
care to train nlikc, and wo only wish that motAsr. 
would tralo their eons and daughters, from early 
infancy, to nsa both hands alike and both fee 
alike, giving cierciso to each and use to each, not 
they would very soon sec a stronger physique it 



. Wo, 



I'nth hand 



ought I 



qnnl success ; daughters c; 
id write as well with the It- 
band as (he right, and boys to use their plaything 



ellw 



other 



er^l 



tue of lbo right hand arises from training. Tho 
mother seeing her child using the rymon or knifr 
with its (f/r hand, at table, becomes alarmed least 
the dear child should be dtfomed by being Irlt- 
Atmdto, and thus the hobit is formed of using only 
tbe right hand, when Id its infancy and innocence 
it would have nsed the left hand one day and the 
right hand iho ne». Let mothers try it, and they 
will find bow easy it will be io teach a child to 
utt tola hand, aliki; then if misfortune deprives 
them of one hand, the other is ready. God gave 
os Ieo nrtns and two hands, two legs and feet, two 
.■;,.; urn! e.iri, and they nro equal in the souod and 
h'.olti'.v I" ii.ii, and were Intended to be trained to 
be used alike. We earnestly linpo our learned 
physinlogista will lake up this subject and handle 
it thoroughly, until the tmM is established- f , 
wo believe n new era will dawn upon -moo kind. 

Frodqota Worth, Rnlalne- 



e States (hat 






-e familiar 

t, enter Into the eultlvstinn of it here 
here a very good thing can be made of il 

a about it speedily. 



Here is an article i 



nnir will pay well (o En i_ 
o. California hops will 
twenty-five to fifty per 



Cnuai nv Cuwiv-Mion^-At the late meeting; of 
io British Association, Dr. Lankesler laid before 
the society u report by Prof. Huckman, "On the 



■e U fre 



valiou i 



or plants. Sev> 

i Iho character or a plant was » moch 
changed- by culture as to lead to the supposition 
that certain form, which had hitherto been regarded 
us distinct ip cclca were only v arieties. 

ntrwmsios i ItararULD, having exhausted tbe 
antedltlon— 700 copies— of Degrool'i " 



Convention, to bo beld nt San Jos( 
Jlst Inst., whereupon the folio win,, named no 
were chosen: Dr. H. lloilf, A. 11. Myers, It. 111. 
A.W.HnrrIs,Jnj.Shlnn,B.C.8mllli,JohnLui 
10 L Heard, F. F. Fargo, and H. Uoden; on. 
following alternate*: 1. A. Amerman, E. T. Crane, 
W. IT. Souther, Jos. Lentell, W. A. Brny, George 
FkminiT, .'»e. Hcolt, D. E. Hongh, W. P. Toler, 
and A. 1. in Ilia;:. 

On motion, a Coram it tee of one fr.im each electioi 
precinct was nppointcd to c irriil.it..- [leiiiinni iiikliij 
for n repeal of tho law creiuin.' tin .Sinte S'icirly, 

and tbe passage of one authorizing tbe foi 

of District Societies. 

The members Of this Committee were requested 

lary of tho Society, on or before the 17th inst. 
Mr. Myers offered the following, which was 

Rmrlvcd, Thnt the Annual Fair and Cuttle-Show 
of tho year teiin in- held in the city of Oakland, 
commencing on the Mb day or June, and continu- 
ing four days. 

Hashed, Tbal the Pomologisls, Florists and 
Artisans uf the counties in this Dintriet and the 
San Joaquin Valliv mid Siimiii.i mid .V.ip.i [ij'triels 
ho invited to cooperate with Ibis Society ' "' ' 



ocicty to dn so at this lime, on motion, a Con 
littee or ten was appointed to solicit contribulioi 
a a "Premium Fund," for the purposes indlcnti 
bove. Tho Committee was constituted n-* follow 
„ B. Forbes, C. II. Hnibnwny, 3. Card, John Cei 
•r, il. B. Woodward, J. A. Jiayhorr, J. A. Hobni 



Prices of wool. 



i PotJHcra o( AfiileulhiriotH. 

U»MnB. Goodaln & Co,, of Clcvelnnd, O., In their Wb End tho following published in tbe Morning 
circular of Jan. 1, stain that tho prices of wool at Reporter, of Sun Jose : 



their depot during tho past year, bnvo ranged fr 

cents; with tho exception or sumo extra 
ips which have ranged ns high as 70 cents. 

average prion at tho present tlmo Is 491- 
lis remaining unsold are fine ond wilt ' 



t 60 ci 



The I 



:eof 11 



, F. K. ! 



ind Tret 



i. II. Mar 



Th. 



mitlee 



idded 

.mod tn cooperate 
tho p(- - 

.ir, an 
A. Di 



witb the Board of Managers in 
a premium list for the Annual F 
II. Suulhcr, James llotcbinson, 
Mtnur..- and D. E. Hongh wore 

On motion, tbe Sodetv adjourned la meet oi 
Saturday, the 3lst inst., at 1 o'clock P. H., nt Sni 
Leandro. 

In reference to tbo above, the Alsimedn Herald 
from which we copy, says: 

At the meeting of the County Agricultural So 
I'iulv. hidd im ^nturd-iy last, il uai d,.[i:rniir,.. d I. 
hold tbe Annual Fair ond Cattle-Show for thi 
present year in the month of June, instead of Intet 
in tho season. Tho objeei uf ibi ; lvt i.mWsnm,: 



neighboring cou 



.1 others mny not be debnrred 

1 that the month of June is quite as 
i successful Pair in this lucfllity oa 
the year. It is then that tho moat 

me; the fields do no 
t a plowing match; II 
towing nnd reaping cc 



eiirly cr.ip; 



above. Tho success of tbo Florai 
the feasibility of early exhibitions; 



■ of the be 



" -1 4 " 

::g :: 



"We think the present prices will be fully su 
tnincd and may advance somewhat until n-.-.r . li 
ping time, or in Ihn month of April, nt which tin 

Tho Indian ology, by A. S. Taylor, Saq. 

Wn are constantly receiving complimentary n 

ticcs of the valuable articles publisher: 



:e of oi 



onl i, 



eluded, of wbich (fan follnwii 
know tho compliment paid to tbe able author of 
the "Indinnology" we nro publishing is deserved, 
ond wo will try to merit what is Intended compli- 

Enimn CM.iron.iu Firueb: Will jou obtigo me 
by sending to this office the numbers of your valu- 
able paper containing "The indinnology of Cali- 
fornia, by Ales. S. Taylor." 

From a personal acquaintance with Mr. Taylor, I 
am convinced of his peculiar ability to do juslice 
to the tbemn be has chosen, bence I nm very nox- 
ious to peruse the series complete. 

* * » Yon sec, apart from Ihe ogricultural 
informalinn it imparts so abundantly, it attracts 
greut attention from the fact of its containing such 
articles ns the one in question ; so wo can't uGord 
to let It pnss, without saying something nbnut it. 



Steady Advaxcb or tub GaAiN Miiiket.— Keep 
n shipping grain, thnt is tho word ; and although 
io price of whent has gone down from 14 sitti- 
ngs, to 1 nnd 8 nnd 10 shillings for mtra, in Au- 
irolio, and VI cents in New Tort; yet these mnr- 
ets leave a margin preferable to nur own, and as a 
wi(ob«, they proraiso a profit — it seems to 
rove this— for those who tnow continue to ship ; 
ad overy thnnsand bags sent out of the State, 
elps the producers hero. 



Josas G. Clamc ft Co.— This immense fun 
-archoose, oo Washington Street, in this ci 
ow a greater curiosity than nil the mns. 
ieaters, circuses, or rope tyings; for if vi, 
hould go ond visit their immense wnrchoose, they 
'ould be pnitled to know where all this- furniturt 
ncs to ; and yet tbe balls ere almost emptied cve- 
f week, and filled ngain by tho busy workmen, 
nd by tho arrival of new goods, Messrs. Clark 

Co. do more business, probably, than all 
tber dealers oo tho Pacific Coast, their snles in 
m principal cities being immense. 



Tb licBonoratk Smat, and A»aaaty o/th, Statt 

o/ Cehfintat, I 

Tbe undersigned, citisnns nnd residents nf tbo 
county of Snnta Clara, would respectfully repre- 
sent thnt, Whireai Inwwaspasaednnd apnrorcd 
May 13th, A. D., 18S-I, nnd amended nnd approved 
Mnrch 20lh, A. D., 1858, incorpornting a Stati 
AanioULTDItAI, SnoiErv, has entirely failed to meet 
the necessities of tho great Agricultural and 
general Industrinl interests of tho Stitto or Cali- 
fornia ; thinfare, your petitioners would respect- 
fully risk thnt snld Inw of 1854, ns amended in 
1S5B, be repealed, nnd tho npproprintions therein 
contained bo opplied to all District Agricultural 
S...:iciii j [dividing Hicli appropriation in a Just 

general low concerning Agricultural Societies. 

Tho above pctitioo bn$ been signed by a large 
number of our most influential cilisena. Wc do 
hope thnt our present Legislature, will repeal tho 
Act, that our citizens are praying for. Those de- 
sirous of signing the nbore petition, will End it at 
the office of Justice Shcurer. 



Pmw Washoe.— Agcntlomnn Irom Wnshoedlrcct 
informs tho S. A. Independent that a largo number of 
working nion in the Washoo diggings have hesnoro- 
ployod oil winter (aldrifting and uthcr kindred labor) at 
ibo rfoHnrtjHT dajr. This does not present a very good 



ays the Morning 
nd supplies a dc 
icnlnrly npparen 



is beautiful hall, 
nrly completed, 



illolted to spectators. Ccrtaloly, no roam in the 
State con compete with the "Academy" in lis 
just proportions and durante of adornment. Goud 
hnsgovenicd the linitrpri.^iiig proprietor in 



There 



nnd the elegnne 



ball i 



of t 



d gas b 



hall. 



Clouob Ann Raib.— Tho clouds which have . 
" " i density since morning, with incrensi 
rlcr, are now this oftcrno 






ding doo 



cry jtn 



r of r 



In his n 



the farmer, and help 
belief— ho too often lorgt 
io dry season, that tho 
atlbe tho early and the fatter rain;" and it is 
iw falling copiously, ond the earth is receiving it 
acionsly and gratefully into its bnsom. 
TuE MwBiMjca- I MST | IctE ._ Mr . Gcor( . c Cof( - r|111| 
President ofthe Meohaolcs' Instltuto, has delivered 



le Su.ii 



How Littlo Thoy Know of California I 
Brnv mail that comes to us brings evidence of 

f our State. Every journal shouVtrj't Hi 
uouVr* that go to tbe Atlaatie Statu with useful 



mind ofthe benighted 
for the fact Is, the pre 
willing to publish it 
rapid strides aor 

i»a„. . ,„.,„ 

boldly, the press a 
ling to publish the t 
such truth, should 
citisens from their r 



■lighten 



; dark 



»pecltoCalifoi 
press in tho old States nro un 
those items which show thi 
Stole Is making, lost itshoulc 
rash for Colifornlt 



id nro 



' afraid oi 



say 

Jndition of California, lest 
away thousands of good 



iv little they really kn 

n paragraph from a private 

eceived last steamer by 



Colifornis, we wilt g 
letter from New Toi 
resident here, lone 

writer in Mew Tnrk, a- very intelligent gcntli, 

inmakingaehipmeninrseiet,ilik-a,. ]( a,a,e, K y lc u 
would reouire tbe nse of yuiat-r.'W wtaU ., fn , 
lows: , wrote as tol- 

"Thinking It would be diflicolt to ohtnin «..„ 
jBiduirfl- in California, I send you lira j„ B „S,fl 

The quicksilver cost, landed here, one dollar a 
pound. It can bo purchased here for about one- 
half that. The person to whom tho letter was 



vi.nduii.il 



mr kind intention 
juntry, we ha" o 



espectlog thi 
i to smile the 



[nicksi Ivor gushes forth in molten 
[Literally lrne| ns reported In Ni 
l seems, with all the loformatli 
'ew Almadcn Qnicksilvcr Minos of Califoralnj'St 



Jnly). Ye. 



a Item 



I This 



light bo inundatedl. 
Circulate 
icntsl Wos 
Californlans 






llalnif. - ■ 



J foil- 



fi.-lll ■}', 

..... J,?:iai 

--.-» 574 70 



- ,u t i U ,ity of -Mr. Tucker 
skill of Mr. Prior. Io order to gunrd 
against fire, a water tank or ),2tiu gal Jons capaci- 
ty, is kept conilauth- tilled, and two wntebmen 
have the goard nnd care of the building, one of 
whom is constantly on the alert. Mr. Borbier has 

" ily deportment always insure to the 



Mr. li. li,-.- 



of the C: 



.I'll. I 



ofro 



Tucker's Now Unll is 



inpplics n great public wan 



JIaom 



r Bum 



■a library. 1.J1I 
3,135 

iociatiok — The clec 



ig nearly Bvo haadred mem 
he following gentlemen wen 
II. Steven.; Vice l>r,.i.|„„, 
a...rvr. Jil. Kell..g S: ■;..,. 
'■ ■ ■■■ I.tf.irditu- ,-i t ere. 

."■■r... ixari.., w. n r ,;„ 1: ; 

JP. William Norri., .1. IV. .1. 
0. Macy, CiiarlLj li. J!,,:,,!, 



sHSBS«»»»i 



a 3150,500. 

0»'«aa of tb. Itaaumuf Isart, 
■mill ..t,.,,i, „f, B „ B of the M 0cnini 
as bold an the evening of tho Sd in.i. 
ami There WM muoh Menlt ^^ fc 

1 lB ,blJ Bo 'd. The whole nnm- 



1TS.— Tho 
s" Instilule 



Inrge plants of thn Hbododcndrons arc now in fall 
blonm at the Cnnsorvnlory of tho Golden Gate 
Nursery (Wnlker's Gardens). They nro truly 
beautiful. Having enjoyed this rare sight— thoy 
being the first handsome specimens over bloomed 
in Callfornin-wo would recommend our citisens 
to go to tho Conservatory and enjoy tbo sight; 
and. Id addition to these, they will find much to 
luiiro nnd many things worthy o f purchase. 
Gbape COLTe-BE IV Tilr. alotwij.an.—lVhll. .t 



' vr.ij.,-: I,,,. ]jr „.|„ t ..,] ,l,er,. l„ s t ve.ir Un the 
iad between Murphys ami D.iu^la^', Dr. Jones 
is fenced inn I,irg t , field on th,- hill-,,.],-, ivhidi 



Ballon, of Valleoilo, has an cxecllcnt oi 

10,000 grape-outtinga for planting 



Dox'r Fonorrr 
;nn be hnd of lar 



rtho very choicest varieties, 
iio, at Waikeb's GsnnE.v, 
r, New Mission Rood— Wag- 
ers, Laurels, Pittusporums, 



jureu upon our first pnge. Its fBUlB . 
s n pump is beyond price— a lobor- 
ne-snving, nnd a money-saving Imple- 
trchlo capacity, nod well worthy the 



Off F 






'■' |"ini|.i. 
-Thorn 



lodus for this now land 
md tho wharves from whieh'tho"ui,"'riv'e r 'bo 2°ZZ 
present a .rely scene in the aflerneon. Tli„ advonlur 

ttrWrST' " D " 1Ud "' lo l»^eymay"- 



Tub 



t (so 



.monthly) of Monday 




"' '" 1Uo """"""l "fgold sent abroad by 
uamcr. Although thn shipment of ™',f 
s, yol wo expect if tho enso were 



mi. in.! circulate tbo doca- 

Ul Wo shall make all "Down-Eusters" bellcvo 

somebody yi 



ta. for .. n.w[ l^^^^mo DC X^:Z^ 



banking houso, wb 
5100,000, made none 



-Jg retain*. 
Ificnndmanufacturln, 
'" good to , 



%°*«**;rz ; l a z il y atsw ' , ■ 



bZZIT TCft 7 "*"• " n Tutisii ^> u '" c " «n, tho 

Orst dolachmont of Iho Now York Volunteers landed at 

ditaduaaai"!?: ''""" ' 1 " , M <> Th ™" H. Perkins. The 

1 WM cor "tuand cl | by CuL Stovenson. 

fa ^;™^:r^^^uu^which .houid 

S£ ?K ^T mi ? T rd,ocnt ' or wbleh ' 

arothok J " , " , "'" l '■"'-■"co. Oliildrea 

■leteet Inutckbn'cr'r 3 '" "' U Wofhl ' aad ^^^ 
ment, all Influence r.ver tl" ' '" i' , !" rt '"' 3 i uu K- 
bavo ollen no faith in the sentences' 3 ' ""?' 
Un d dnesr e FTn„" y "f^T* '" P»Uhm«t or 

r.« . SmIk. 4 :, %%*:??<■ ■"» a i la - 

■■-."ir iv,, nl ,-iii -, - ' " U rl3 ^o keep 

- D Uolorloralion " od '~«.d, UQ l C9a b j jour 



THE CALIPOBNU F ABMEB. 



37 



STATE SUMMARY. Mr. Petlitur il.i- flu*, bu a Held nf tho ibratox that 

will ntcrago 6to Incite* high. Pcaeb Imi In fnatcd 

"•■"* '.oaUoMarobttfnnhiBtotitootn Owneraof lloc« 
lheJ■harf npforcajh.nradriaing wniidornuleooiuiti- 
." of bctf and pork Into the ntincj, nud butchering on 
elr awn account. Pork hu been told here bv lbs 

tolo bo K ,dt««d, ot 121 anu * pound Tbo 

nil Ian went Into ofleol on the 1*1 Intl. OolbntierJ 
irning no old fclUiw enloging two plume) on Itie lop 
bit bead, gut up on the. [op of (bo iclioot-bouao mid 
gun lo holler, aa wo Interpreted, "rboot mo If joo 



Tie Lefclililuro 1 %• pa«od a bill illowioj tho Board 
anJEapervijore of Stoeklon to rajao $1,000 ft 
pued District Fair to be held there nut Fall 



aaicjtr eloodj ami logo- 



1t 1> reported aroond tbe mountains that Kunebouj* 

f™rrrr.S.*tS"r d r.S American pump! 

■mw whether the report i. tw. omob Patented April B, IS59. 

hu^l™'*™!™^™^" Without Suction, Without Packing! 

U l. gHKrally (erraed, black lead. The eimple «- _ 

hibKod »bj OT great r"" 1 ?' 



near Santa Crui, say. lie Sen tin el, in ca 
cue of tbo bill to tbe north-trcst of the 



sf Ibe 3d inst, it hai boon cool and eloudj. On Wed- 
jlonn, with a fr.,.1 <d.ieh wo fear baa injured the fruit. 



1 Tne itock for tbe "Sac 
graph Co id pan y" baa all 
long before the llghtontni 
alone; the line. Tbe Con 



Tbb NoTad > Library Annotation iruorgaaindar. 
two Tears ago, and without any aid except that paid 
admluion foot and the monthly Ant*, they bare u 



lofceW. Tbsaarfacoofthi 
oat, il laid lo bo <lii-wii |.,r ■. 
aiirif-tou? b-juldere. Iflhei. 
naboe wdl bavc a mis; -laH 



"The Bloody Law" ia tho aBpoRalion glion to the 
proposition to punish highway robbery by banting, by 
tbe San Andreas Independent. "A cruel and Moody 






t of the 



. Thi 



ramoiL la a Held of filly aerca of wheal ri 1"! Breath u- 
i Camp, tbe owner has been compelled to- * 
iFOrm bad made Eta appearance, for 



J, »S0, *33, HO, and f.,J 



railroad*, dock., 


orclne water under 


treat blflbie and 




throw, by how an, 


pipe, thirty lo forty 






onjiTucui.-n !• i^w'y •'"'1 
UjHy ol It'— IN. V. Ot~« 







erprlaiog townsman, Andrew 
n Herald, hu recently com. 
o thoutond oerei of land, 



m, Mr. JuckionhnaolOacrcaunilctcolllratlor 
bis orchard this- season, by the addition of or 



Ar Marlpaia, n) , ma Oaiotte, .laroo redo in oe 
raw wind, and her reputation Tor being a windy femi 
boa boon Tolly inilai nc d .„,„ her adTent Elori 
•quit, Mcn , otu i 7 „ crJ ^ dnfinB ^j^b, 1Bo 
han,.ndrnlnfrJlln a u.ntitle..tlhea™etlme. Nnt. 
Inalu, Ttgetalinn coma forward with contiderailli 



i-p'ditT.nl eontmeraoic to ay , n « 1Bfl i«l, follow into ,b, hot, 

rap.oily anil graise* upon southern llopel now afford «»™laal« all burr™ In* animal.. 

I"* enrage. Daricr and wheat are Inonln, w.lL 2$* " ** 0BicD " ,b ' $S£^*£ 



Ladies-' DreKN TrimuilnsK, 

HOSIEHT, -nMTlBR.LINEu 

HOOP SKIRTS, 

MR3. D.M0RCR05S, 

144 Sacramento ureal, aboro Hontiomer,, 

Pacific Fringe Manufactory ! 1 1 

DltKSS TRIMJILNG5 C0RD3, 

GIHDLES, TASBBLS, * 

ConaUmlyon hand and Dado to order. 

B, KOROROSB, 
« 144 Ruramento .treai akoio Moi 



W. K. VAINDERSLICE, 

A) ■aaw.cmu. „, ™ 

134 WASHINOTON ST, 

i Bet* Fitchew, Waum, Cur», etc., made to order. 



Ferrets, 

VBEMIN DB8TROTTEHS. 
A P mIlo) i? si J PERI0!l FBRRBTS [Ualo and Ft 
or^nCl'i^lijj'V"' »™-M "TlWt. Gopb.n 

JJ'iT.J?*? 1 ?'! 1 .'"^ «•"« Into tbe hole., .Uack « 



NURSERY,! 



A CHOICE COLLECTION OF 

THE LA11GE3T AMD BEST ABSOFtTUENT OP 

PIBSTPKEMIUMEOSES and DAHLIAS. 

Evergreen and Ornamental Shrubbery. 

»y A Choice collection of PBUIT TftEE'.coiuuintly on 

™.dJ fo. ™lc Qvdrn, Laid Oo. »oJ I).;. .!.,:■. It, ,!.'„■ 



B'i:s,-zv, 



tirraof lUli.L. KSAPP i CO. I. tllla Jar di 



.' F1ILM— BUC CESS Oils TO HUM., EHA. 



!B £3 E3 - H IVES! 







ci ^ e c i " t "* r 'l"°' su - \ss. 

■ ■••all. Darr, a Holary Public, In acd for (tie county ol 
and compared Urn chore eairactatilui Iba original pnhllea- 



THe California 

B E E-H I V E! 

The BEST, and hinu u\e CHEAPEST 
Nice frcr offered lo Beekeepers. 




AUCTION SALE 

JOHN C." BELL'S, 

OOTJET BLOCK, 

SOS. 1- -i 1ND 1-1 CLAY STREET, 

NEAE KEASHY, 

CARPETS, 

OIL CLOTHS. 

$)(aip8s ajoiaaiiDas, 

W1HD0W SHADES, ETC. 

I SHALL CONTINUE TO SELL MV STOCK OP 

C-ir|,"V, Oil Clnilj.. Piper HboiIo,-., Window HI, .:,!.'. „. I 
lt\', r - ; r!.- I .,1 ,,,■,:. | .■,■■■<-,(:■.,;, .. .,, -,|,. .-,,.... ',",', 

cloaodoot.; Plrjll.r.- :.r,T,,..,. : „ 
now .tjlci Sprluff Good,. 



-ilisxL pimK I .mdeutrrnlood WKlf S iioJ, lowoi-tiu .ny o*ihn 

IhXX.^Xe^r^^"^"' C ' aa "- «-«* 

larpet, Clmb, Shade, and Upaol,to7j W»nh'nu^.'c'our- 

llloek, Koa. ttt and 1M Clay .tree!, near Kearny? 



COAL-OIL LAMPS 1 

1,300 DOZEN 
COAL-OIL LAMPS! 

Deitz's Unrivaled Burner; 

Host Dimple, Convenient, and Economical 
Lamp in use, 

J-TJST BBOBIVED, 

EMILY PABNLTM, SUMATRA, NOON 

DAY, PANTHER, NAPIER, 

AND BY EXPRESS. 



CHANDELIERS, 
For CHURCHES and PUBLIC HALLS, 

Tn ... Three, FDur, ami Six Urjiit* Enrii. 



LANTERNS, 

FOB QUARTZ-HILLS, SAW-MILL?, ' 
STABLES, HOTELS, do., ,U. 



HAND LAMPS. 

PARLOR LAMPS, 

SUSPENSION LAMPS, 
SIDE LAMPS, 

KITCHEN LAMPS, 
BILLIARD LAMPS. 

PRICES LOWEE 

rri^axi Ever Before. 

FOR SALE IN LOTS 

TO SUIT THE TRADE. 

Corner Front on J California slrcctn, 

HETAIL eTORES: 
inter Montgomery nml CoJIfnrnla rllreeU, 

.l.ln K tiirt .il-vi l, Uiltll ilnor lialow smckion, 

STAMFORD lilUlfHLIts, 



Oil and Gamphene Works 
HAVE REMOVED 

TO TUE SPACIOUS STORE AT THE CORNER 

OF CALIFORNIA D FRONT STREETS, 

Wborolneyoffor for ilia 

The Host ExtsiuiTB Auottment of 
Bui'iiing 3Vt£ttoi*i£aljs, 
AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES. 

SIANFORD BROTQERS, 
PiclBo Oil snd Catnphono Worlt., 

Conor of Front and California r-irccu. 



SPERM OIL. 

, 2.000 GALLONS WINTER SPERSI OIL, 
/row Vet. Uod'ord. e. "Prima Donna " 
B,l)00 i aallod. SPERM OIL, from Eonolnlo, 

0RD BR' 

odd Work 

rot Front nnd Callfon 



LARD OIL. 

0IL,m 



STANFORD BROTHERS, 
and Carnphena Worai 
■ of Frnnt and California tlneta. 



POLAR OIL. 

inXftt GALLONS POLAR OIL 
ohuaelta" Tho boil Oil ever I 
iaLi msTkot. 



STANFORD BROTHERS, 
Facile Oil and Compbono Work,, 

Cornoc of Front nnd California itriola. 



COAL OIL. 

10 000 ° ( ALt0 T ; ' 3 ADSTEN'S CELEDRATED 



STANFORD BROTHERS, 
Pacific Oil and Oamnhe B « Wnrka, 

Comer of Front and CallfornLs rtroeU. 



C AMPHENE. 

Hiring j Hill v.iih a eapaelty of mora Iban 

2,000 Oalloni Every Twenty -Four Hours, 

Wa can toll 

Camphencof a Better Quality, 

and at 

LOWER PRICES ' 

Than any other MtabBahmanl on thn Faelfio CoaiL 

" La, n« Sales and Bmall Frouta" 

WUI bl Inn rule or our homo. 

STANFORD BROTHERS, 
FaeiSnOIInndOamuhano Worki, 
' Corner of Front and CalUorala itnati. 



BANKER S, ETC. 
MARK BRUMAGIM & CO., 



SigHt Bills 

Bank: of Commeroe, ------ Boston. 

SIGHT AND TIME BILLS 

American Exchange Bank, New York, 

A tillable Id tho Principal Cities of tho Union and 



credit ivLlh >.'■ lu Bon 



r^^sr. 



PIOCHE & BAYERQTJE, 
AGENTS AND BANKERS, 

Mo.STOOMBitv Street, Constat Or Jackson, 
SAN FRANCISCO. 

DRAW OH 

SCHt -fH.VlU)'r & OEBRARD, 

HEW YORK. 
DRAFTS OH 

L- C. OPFERJIAS', 

PARIS. 

PAVAI1LE IH THE PniHClPAL OlTlEaOF- 
FHAHCE, I ITALY. 

EN 11 LA HI), PP.033IA, 

IIKI.liltl.M. .... 



OE tin ANY, 

uuoUlcof U ju 11 ltd of Europe. 



IirTESTfrLEli T OF EM ALLC APITA1S, SATOJG3, Etc. 



jXAot Oroondtituatcutoa DAUcry. Uroadfay, Ditu,Dru 

^u]ionr, California, Coi"""T'-fH I ; ■'■' ■ ■ 



a, Valltjo, WAr-JtinttriQ. i 



1, H.rkcL Mootaoniery, 
nuon, Bweatoo, Third, 

«to£|SElo|IP^Sand 



pertlca offertd, to bo aatlifactory to 



J, BRYANT HILL & CO., 

COMiII£BI0fi DEALERS fti; D IOBBESS IN 

^.FRUITS, BTJTTER.l 
t 2Ci O I-a: JES 3E3 JB Ei , 
POULTRY, ECC8, ETC., ETC. 
Noh. GZ and G5 fllcrcbant st reel, j 

s^a.isr E'KAisraT.BOo. 



'■te 



LAWRENCE & HOUSEWORTH. 
No. ii? clay Street, 



G0IB, SILVEB, ANB STEEL 
Speotaoles, 

With tha but quality or Glauu,, and (ho cetebebntad 
BRAZILIAN PEBBLES. 

Bpynlaaara, Dra»l„ K Inalnamaalt, 

STEREOSCOPES AND VIEWS, KTtX 

Direst Impnrton or Joj, jil, HDdgera & Sana, 

Pookot-kniTM, Bazora, Soiason, &o , 

tf GLASSES fitted to Frame., nnd REPAIRS 
naatlj-dono. e 



Bees, Bee-hives, Honey ! 

REV. E,. L. LANGSTEOTH'S 
MOVABLE-COMB HIVEI 

HI R AM HATuTJ.TOH, of SAHTA CLAHA, 

APIARIST AND AGENT i 

For tho nbovo named Potent Hive, for Callfofnla, 

Oregon and Washington. 

•oT Ponooi wLblns can obtain IndlTldnal B1QHTS 
arilhln twUl Blatei and Terrltorj hj aondintr KB It 
Wall., Fargo and Co .•■ fiinn,™, W ibn u nrIllfl | I1)11(L 

S.nt.C.ara.F.blh.lSSO. ^*« HAiULTON, 



MAIN & WINCHESTER, 

MAKrTJp AaTTJI i, BKB 



1h 



ARNESS, 



m 



S daca.caj.ei3, 33i*lca_Lo»a, 

WHIPS, COLLARS, 
SADDLE-WARE, &C, 

No. 82 Buttery street, 

Batmen Lona; Wharf nod Sacrnac-nlo .Ire el, 

SrLY FRANC/SCO, 

N- D — Rcnairinir pmrnptli attondad tn — n^d .. 

TOCKS, a"H [.A«1IR» n f >k. a.""™.?.™' B * / 



STOCKS, and LASHES, of the ' 



38 



m THE CAL IF OBNIA F ABMEB.. . 



LIZZIE WILEY 



yaiics' jpfjartnititt. 

D EDITHE5S. 



inSIJjTEIUNG ANGEU9. 

[Tnc peroral °I the f"^ l0 « ,, *• 0,lf,,l P™" eMn " 
fail tolsdieterj in BTUJ bwtW Bd nantBtnuew "' <™= 
departed dear one; all's I 111 " ™« oU,l S to 1D ° "n" 10 
heart mold (ha reflection ta. tl«i H"lf freed spirits .till 

id (he sky" tiben *e bid adiru to the scenes of conn.] 

Mother, l« th» do ™ *■* nMatd 



iieirti tb'-u bm ill! gentle whisper. 
Floating on the ambient air? 

II is near ihee, exude molber, 
Hear thee =i (be eraning bout; 

In soft itia li in lbs mphyr. 



Thi :.' Ihj ungil t.ul . li Ibere- 

Maiden, but thy noble brother, 

On whose manly fonn-tbino oje 
Lored full eft In undo to linccr, 

On whoso heart Ihou couldst rely. 
Though all other hearts deceive thee, 

AD proto hollow, earth grew drear; 
Whoso protection, ever a'a tbce, 

Hid lb« from Ibe cold world's enM 
Has bo left thee here to rtmgijlc, 

AHunaldcdonlhy way? 
Nay, ho *(U1 rut puide sad guard the 



crihee, 



grief tb.. - 

lie light oKio finished, 
grin thai in thy bear. 
IcejdJ, 1» fby being 



And to light tb>- dangcruus pathtiay, 

Willi 111-. ■:■:■;■ '■( i-jrlli Mill mingling, 
Thon tho lorcd am raay'ft f.;rert ; 

Uripht i;,. m-ainc. in-it, waring, 

But e'en then that tpinrdiaa i : 7. Lrit 
Oft all] whisper in thine or. 

And In sitoite, ail it midnight, 
Thou wilt know she borers near. 

Orphan, lb™ moit sorely slricacD 

Of 'lit myanirrr dir.>ujring earth. 
Cloud) half nil lliv lii.-l.i- .-1 ,nr...|iir,c. 



Through the daj, and still at Bight, 

ll'r"- d]v trv Il1.1t ^jJij' ILv rluiul^r. 
MiihinE" thy jounp; dnjniB Jo bright, 
i.> : ti... tV'dunii--. if,,- trie mis i^re cherished, 



It is thy middle of January, hut U10 weal 
beautifully mild anil plciisaut, end yesterday 
friend and myself, in ihCjfJser.VancfifuiiK.nii' 
rubber boots, walked nut three nnd a half milt; to 
Iho point wbero "Stony ilrook" crosses the road, 
and then, turning in, folfnircd Ibo stream np 
through the gorge half a mile fo a fine foil of fifty 
feet. Ooo could scarcely ivi=b for more chann- 
ing plnce for o rumble ibin this. Till banks of 
the gorge aro irrcgnlar, hot in many platca on 
cither side tbo roclis rise from the edge nf the 
water, almost pcrpondicolarly, lo fhc hel B hiof ISO 
Ittt. Frem the tops of theje, lij many places, 
depend long, graceful fringes of icicki of the most 
delicate bncj, while np their aides creep bcantiful 
green mosses. At some points the creek turns at 
to short angle!, ond inu high banks follow it CD 
fahbfclly, that we wore completely ihut in, ond 

down into the deep places where we stood, Ch«j r nn 
poured in unstinted floods his warm, genial beams, 
End fairly yfcrptf ibo spot. The little cxergreeoi, 
which have managed to gel a foothold among the 
crags, smiled In nil light liko the face of a dear 
friend, and the waters laughed outrigbl. But ibt 
fa; /Afso 0/ Iht Khali was the difficulty we hod in 
making our way. This was lbc_sauce wlilcb gave 



physics! conditii 



Why Do Children Die! 

The reason why children die (snys liall's Jour- 
nal of heolih) is becaujc they ate not tnken care 
of. from tbo day ol their birth they aro stuffed 

ith food, choked with physic, sloshed with water, 

iBocatedlnhDtrooms,nnd steamed Inbcd-eihlbes. 

3 much for in-door. When permitted to breathe 

j;c i_: permitted to peer into daylight. A hille 



I,,,,);.- K. 






r n..c!:£. 



I middli 



ith an inverted umbrella to collect 

,111 the other parts of the body. A stout strong 

be goes out in a cold day with gloecB and Otcr- 

, :it| \vi„.kii iiudiinc", nnd thick double-soled 

boou with cOfk betjt-ecn and rubber qrcr. The 

icdayo child of three years old, -..u infant in 

h, and blood, and bnne, and constitution, goes 

__. with hoseas thin as papt-T.totl'.'Eii-ncl:;, !■■;:■■ nn- 
--M-, . !- L ..i '.:■■ tin: tiit'.'s.iied; ixf- ; r-n -?y-un v. Iu;n 
lid disable the nurse, kill the inolher oulri K ht, 
make the father an invalid for wt(l:£. And 
whv! To harden them to a mode of dr.-:-- wliith 
(hey are never i-if-"" 1 " 1 1 « ?'-<'■•'■'■■< to nccnslorn 



!...;.! 



And tt 



death of the child, i 

Let parents read 
Ibcir hands are clean from ibe 1 
loughtlessncss or neglect which hi 



lplion and profina- 
nnd ask themselves 



o that 1 



The 1 



inrd, and come: 
bis cigar, ninl 



oil i 



jaded, that be has ni 
bed. A French fnihe 



!ihau5tion. Ho keeps a little strength fci 
lome. And when he enters that enchanted ci 

lirn. Tli'jii, hcjiunt, dull care. Tlit-ii the rr.lldriT; 
lave full liberty to romp and climb opon the fa. 
her's knee, and gnyety and cbeerful enjoymeni 
ale the hour.— [Summer Pictures, U. JI. Field. 



Composts of Ciiiluiues. — 

hopes, and on whom hu dotes. 

mantle over hira T the song of the gay may be fa 
from his own dwelling, his face may be unknow; 
to his neighbors, and bin voir*, mnv b#> i, n ii^>.in. 
by those with whom S 



erty maygriad 
•kest 



WHEELER & WILSON'S 

FIRST PREMIUM 

3ET- jm. noc m: an-, -w 

SEWINC 
MACHINES! 

AT 
REDUCED RATES! 



The character or Wheeler £ Wlton's Sewinr- Moehlne 
is 100 well [jinblithed to admit of nnv MQlroveriy in re- 
gard 10 ils locrit! Thcr have received the cooimeBaa- 
Qon Ol -II lha papetl in the connlry. Kotln what the 
EeionllBo American iayi— the loadlne mechanical and 

Maci'ceTfrom'afl jafuof the e^nnlry, and as wo can - 

■:•■:■■ uianltj reply to them all by mail, we have 

ihongbi proper H «ta« nnrmdnWn oT them In this poWio 

brtltomeBtnarWll Hi mnl iMorlnc Company, No. 
Sa Brcadway, and we can ear in reiard lo It, thai it Is 
wlthcglnrlral. Itl>ilmple;nbleuil»-pnl rBtofordor, 
ud ir:i in "rctrccllveaejiandunlsa 00 elher Heehino 
,. l:1 .] . ,l -1 J ( ,f It. We statu [hi! ma ch ia regard lo the 
excellent Machine on our own responsibility.^ 



The Highest PremiDjns "Were Awarded 
THESE MACHINES 

At the follewlnf Fain In IBM: 
Missouri Stale Fair, Illinois Stale Jalr, 



CALIFORNIA STATE FAIR, 

Chicago Fair, SL Irtols Fair, Richmond Fair, Baltimore 

EVERY KIND OF SEWING 

Can be done with 

• lTbeelep & Wilson" 1 * lUacblne : 

ONE MACHINE DOES THE WOEK! 
Henunen, for Wide and Harrow Hems, with each 



nonirthe uodonblcd advai 



.;,:■ ,,.,v 
■ rr, : j,i:,|l..! 



sue and rapidity of operation. 

6— Beiutyof rtllch and firmness of seam. 

1!— L:. Ti'!!i7 cf Ehread. 

7— Arflicahility too variety efpurpciesoodmalorlols. 
Ther ate applicable toevtrv kind cf ss.inc for fnioilj 
-.i] 'h,- IL-OIcf'. [ui.Flin.l.nlieheivic-iclull^ l! 
,-,:!, ■ ,,-, -, ■!!■-- •-.■■li .11 -I. Jilt, Linen. Wo-jlcn. and CotU^n 
G(«ds; Seainin,-. .,'oiltii,.-, ikmniir..:, 'iatherinc, and 
Fellinic; pcrfoTmlng every F]--cic! of lowing oicipt 
- ■..!■,. |. . ■lii.rliirj.- .,11 "tiju'iot. aad thelike. 

VtI ■■-.] ,,;ilii[iMJ are furnished for recalatinj tho width 

MACHINE W ARRANTED 

Thread, Silk, etc,, CanstsnU; on Hand, 

8 H. 0, HAVDEN, A«ent. 



■.-lyinp eumpiilatiun, iov i.imr 
ir the loimy of the highes 



n piim may 



.nter serve as stepping- stones in CTOSslhijana 
rossing it, were now two feet beneath tho surface. 
U some places wu were obliged to creep along on 
. narrow ledge of iec atihc fool or the IcoVes of 
ockf , anil at others lo leap from cake to ea* 
hey were lodged against the stones. T7o cj 
n l(, f i >o l.-y that we were forced to crawl 
nd cling lo thero with the greaiesi care 
limbed up trnd down nil sona of impracti 



lures that boys may hove every day ; but every 
rtrman knows Hint the pleasure which comes 



that one of the most healthful, invfgorating i 
spiring, and refining physical enjoyments whr, 
nun his, is denied to woman ; for It U dented b 
bytbeccsioms or society and by her mode ofdrei.. 
1 rejoice greatly Hint the idea is wining croon d 
Ibntmen, parlicl:,,];, tiluu . ,„ ,,ienlary occupn- 
0':i:. fLould [,:,,,. , u ,; r out-of-door sports— (hat 
Mriir.i; ih:tU.. [,[„| -A-fll-inrifJ Nen— ure (■"olilinl 
to thoroughly ■ I u v ..1 ...... .J m..,,!,,,,,, . , lr „| r,,,- L |,i- 

leasoiil rmJj.mr [,.:-,.:,- viii, k - rl ,.i ;, lU . rL ,i. A s 
:.5ihjf..:n>a [.:,.„ i.j.-. r i, ,„„„. , ; .,, h!h , 1|: ,„ N1 „ 1llLrj 
-"i eiL-l!.:,,! juiirr,al [,.il,]|, !,.<[,„ ll.j.: .-...nilr-. f..i 

n« 1 bin.,,-.., ,..;„-,; .,,:,' '&?%'$& 

fl^'uigpq.,,,,,,,,,, ri .. lJLn ;, 1]lL . ,«.,„*?" "'^. 

l' | k-ir..l 1 r,:i,i„, ;! , t „, : ,,,,„„ |l |, lll „, :l „ „,-,,;,/,.„ 



fan!i,r' ,lte ''" i! ' |l ' i ' ,i,, '' i ' Thlv'.t.'ipbi'iViii 1 ! 



L(.trr FnAsytis.—From onrXew York eicbanges 
we learn the following : "Lady Franklin has no- 
n Henry Grinnell of that 
1* In a few weeks nnd be 



FIRST PREMIUM AGAIN! 

BEING THE 

SEVENTH TIME RECEIVED 

Against All Compel: tors. 

R. H. VANCE, 

Comer of Montgomery and Sacramenlo Sts., 

SAN FJS.A.XTC3XBOO. 

nailn E agalo reeolvod the TIRST PREMIDM 
awarded at the State Fairforthe BEST AMUR0T1PE3 
and PUOIOallAPlIS, it U gmtranteed (hat all who 

can he produced at any ether rooms In the State, I 
would say to my patrons (hat I am now prodacing better 
work than over, at mach REIiUCED PRICES, loeon- 
Havinc redoood my prices more than 30 por cent, no 

aeeaant of price. 

rnslmcltoni iWj™ In the art, and stock fomlshed. 
IIOTlneover SWOM worth of Camera., «], . >, , . 
Cmoj, and Chemical., on hand nnd on (he wv i ■' 
hereafter dltpcie of them at about Now York prices. 



ccpted an invitation froi 
ty, and will arrive thei 
s gnest. New York will n 



io this 1 



honor bo paid to this noble lady; her faith and 
perseverance, her loyalty to her noble husband, 
should crown ber name and memory with death- 
less laurels. We rejoice that Lady Franklin will 
visit Amirica and receive (he tribute so justly her 
"in. : ;.v.rei,.;e, lii.ri...,-, ink .-Linn. „„J | 0TC ( tom 

tllU VM- .;,,.,.! ,-. [l .J | | ; , ; IU-,„n:-], „„,[ lil,..,.,]|;;,;.„ r . . 

ed to her, publicly and privately, throughout our 
TI1E MVTJ,B ORAVES. 



That liiUo grave li 
I know the coffin 1 



;,.,a , i 1 : u ;l 



PATENT RICHTS FOR SALE, 

vcIueni1l,T™v°Scll F 'nr'' l li E ' !, "'' U "II*" 5 ""' °°' 1 T,1 ' abl0 ^ 

.,„.,..,■.,- ,;-!.-,.■:>[-;„,..],;. W,. [y M ,['.,. n .., : |. ,,,. ,.. j,,,". 

t,«lu^ra)4 ked tlri'L-no, ind Una and Woihtnioin Tanitade, 

Ho. t A New Eolary Bnbsoll Elow. 

Tki, lr,-..„i .., r,. : , !r .|, :i! ij- ,„.|, ,.„.,,, M ., eill | tjto IUU w 
'eniTleomreeadiilocC™'' ™ "**** ""' '"""" u " 

No. %. A Com Cultivator 

Paiim 0010 fmiWg -, poptr. aptaat. 
With U,|i !,„,.]„,„, lit „l, u llr« ftc-nmrtly plane. 

•■--■[" -l-^l-i '•! ■■■■' ■ 

|.:rf^[l; J.iil. ,,',, r.r, I I- ,r:, r ... . ||.. ..f,.., t .,| ,..;.,...., , ..-. 

Ho. 8. An Improved Clothes Eeol and Bar. 
JjJj° dl jT' lh ' ; Kllchru i 'M Mur.srr or CbinSrr. ^d cn'oj 

No. i. The Mechanic's Spirit Level. 



Ho. S. A Snikoto Ear. 

ili'Ucf.rufflHnUroiidltanrfnllnvOoi - '*""* °™ 
Alio, Hyde's Patent Post-Briver, 



T iF^„^,f|£ ra^^"' ' S ' 



NDliSEKT BUSINESS. 



BLACKBERRY PLANTS, ETC. 

M; The undoisigned now ofTorsfor sale part ofnA, 

tjHhl, Doc collection of ,„ p ..-rM,r li 1! ■ ' Kj'U' 
-^-PLANTS. atthnfo]lonin k -aciii!fCD BiTCS.™ 1 *" 
Eoeh kind warranted genuine. 

Black Berry Plants. 



Gooseberry Boshes. 

■j ; -i,i. ;,-. i- 'diliie, nvt- vr ir friim cultlnet,.. 

Strawlierry Plants. 



Baunonberry Planti, two y«r« 1 

:';'|-:'-sa,thi-'i,»m?«el«prtn«t»tlejBloiL 

JSAAtiB. ItUSlFOIlD. 



SHELL-MOUND NURSERIES 
FRUIT GARDENS!! 

£%, AT BROOKLYN, A 
>^sfe. (Pomerly San Antonio) *%Z 

"^ALAMEDA COUNTY, 

Directly opposite San Francisco. 

rIS WELL KNOWN KiTABLiaHJIKNT IS HOW 
anpired 10 oner u> lu ok) puroai, and tho public 
jcuenlly, 

Fifty Thousand Fruit Trees! 

SHADE AND ORNAMENTAL TREES, 

VISES, SHRUBS, ASD FLOWERS, 

Apple Trees, 1 to 3 jcarK old, 
Pear Trees, Standard nod Dwarf, 1 to i do., 
(bin] Trees, ilo do 1 to 3 tin., 

IMum Trees, 1 to 3 years old. 

Peach, Apricot, and Nectarine Trees ! ! 

fOA.I.XE'OR.Krl A. jj| t 
Foreign Grapes!^^ 

^n^liin CooiroEiri'tJ, Lavton end IH^-Bath Black- 

MOmtTAIN API!. EVROl'EAN ASH, EXGLISH 

AMi ami:i:ii.'an i:i.m. l.imiiAHI'V 1't.M'LAi:, 

SILVER-LEAF POPLAR, SILVER-LEAF 

MAPLE, LACURS'UM, WEEPING 

WILLOW, ASD OTHER TREES. 

Xomi, ilahonba, Syiriiu, Jieulaa; £uonyirwl 

AkktOI, Cl:r,,:::„,./;:-::;::,; JI,, ,(.',■. , l'/,l6tii, 

motidi, Dtxihlt-Flmttrint) Appla, 
DouUt-tloaetins Chtnia, Japan 
Qeinca, Fabuatai, Jaimina Jo. 



At the Lowest Prices, for Cash. 

BARGAINS IN TREES 

SHELL-MOUND NURSERIES 

Two Hundred Different Varieties of Fruit 



TWELVE PRESUUMB WERE AWARDED. 

irlhcCalifomlaUenfci.lRinil floc1*iy, t nd Alined* Con 

Ac.He<i1u,nJ Eoeieiy. AI», 

-\VO nil'MlM.l.-r 117 THE rOSl.iMA A SI) CONTRA 
COeTTA AORICULTUEAL et)CIKT»iJ, 



(Hot- 






First Premium for the Bent Nursery 

Wm twinttol by tbo AUmc.Ii Cooaly A^rrleulrnna 8nc 
THE SHELL-MOUND NURSERIES. 
1^ CeMlogun now rady. 
TERMS CASH. Allerdcri.nouWboiuJieMrdto 

n. w. iVABimunar, Piupri 



fiufoy'e 



HOPE NURSERY, 

^T^ 01TY OP SAN JOSE. S 
I>. T. A. I> A. 2W S 

Would rerpeclfally inform his former palrons sad Ih 

rnatSeAas/oi'ioIetAeeominffsrasono/ 1850 onii 00, 

A LARGE STOCK OF 

FRUIT TREES! 

IN GREAT VARIETY A SUPKRIO R 

QUALITY, 

Xb«l b.™ bcoa^n w^murb o.„ a. loao l M , nM1 

10 01TB ENTIRE SATISFACTION, 

He Rtw alto Enlarged bis Surgery and In- 
oreued his Stock, 

And it- now prejisred to sell 

«=: M MS3 A m- ^.Ej m - 

Than Tro„ f tho ,amo Sire and Q^\Hj 

OAH BE PURCHASED 

^"lS:^J^S. Mi "«^M '" «H ".dot- 
Propncatcd 
od irilh (ho 

•illli'iMU I., ,. ., ,l .'■ '" ' '■' ll !■■' in I'ti:, Lif v 

D- T. ADAMS, Sib Jose. 



ka™dellV, r , 



•" -"!■■, '. .,i,. -i _ . /...:.,■;, . h - . " A;ji -".i"» 



■fflleiurae^lijTi!}?^* 1 ! bIw"^".^^ oS^^'ty 



100,000 

FRUIT TREES I 

AT TilB 

SAN LORENZO NITHSERY! 

Four miles aboro Son Loandro, oa tbo rnsd leading to 
Hayward's. 

J&b. THE Subioribor oould call the atleulion of 
SafrhoH, desirous of planline; FRUIT TREES, the 
^prwout .won, to his large sloe* of 

Apple, Pear, Plum, Cherry, and Apricot 

TREES, 

FROM QUE TO FOUR XBARS- OSIQIVTII, 

The most of ■blehhaio bton jraftod frora bosrioj treoi, 

nnd aro rroll adapted (o Ibis climate, eiubrttouis; the 

CHOICEST VARIETIES I 

Aljo- DWARF PEAK ON ANGERS QU1HCE 

Peach, HeotBilBe, and Fig Trees ! 

CALIFORNIA AND FOREIG'N 

Grape-vines! 

RASPBERRY, CURRANT, 

AND ROSE BUSHES. 

His trees are trained with loir (ops, are of thrifty 
ejrontb, (Did 

GROWN ENTIRELY WITHOUT IRRHIATIOS . 
All of trblcb nlll bo told at greatly reduced prices. 

pB/cfaaion are respectfully requested to call sod ex- 
amine ray trees, us I desire to gire satL-factlon, both in 

ToruuCash. All ordora promptly attendod to. 

Address J. LEVELLING, 

20 Sua Lorotuo, 

SAJf JOSE KUKSERY. 

PRTTIT THEIBS! 
W&t Ornamental Trees and Stimbs.aj^ 

££& 15,000 HOSES. 

A Fine Assortment of Greenhouse Plants. 
GRAPE VINES! 

EXTREMELY LOW PRICES, 

MY COLLECTION OF ROSES TOOK THE FIRST 

PREMIUM AT THE STAE PAllt HELD ATSAN JOSE 

loftran aeartmtnt «/ Iht bill taritlia of Appla, 

Apricots, Fieri, Fcachtt, Plum*! jlimoitoV, 

Cherry, Mull.'r.y. tit n ,.,l„-,ni, nnd Currant 

in quantity . i'loF-triii-j niiJ Climbing 

Shrubi. The bill aaartmtnt o/ 

planted iri(A lo/ely. 
wm, ™J ddlreral free rfdidrw --i 'u ;■ "■.' ',';; r l\ h"i.^ 
elieo; S3J. J.'pjnVl'i.rJ.' =oii':.i':L, , '(. ; „; 1 i,,'; [ '.l\. "'"*"' ~*im""' 

EDUCATIONAL. 
SANTA CLARA COLLEGE. 

npHE NINTH ANNUAL SESSION OF THIS IH- 

Tile pl-m '.1 initniill-ii, vuil.il j-!- ■ '...-■■ r(,"ii t I'mir"- 
thoClii-IealandlheComraorci.il, lv,v.k- . i'r,!,.irJi u r, 
DopartmcuL 

Entruice, to bo paid bat occe -' g IB 

UonrJauJluilioBWi .<-.;.,o ■ .... 315 

Washing and mondloc of articles nosbe-J. per tes- 

Medical attendance and mediolocs (ualeei It bo 
pioforred topar tbo till la eaee of ilckaeet,) per 

VacatloB!, Ifipcni.ii ihc Ccllcco '-i 

h.B.-ffhon there are morotbnn two brotiorf, caob 
one o«r im pays onlj- half price. 

Ufa of lujlrumeot.. in Chcmbtrj- end Natural Philos- 
ophy, Vocal Mosk, Pinnn, Violin, and Drawioe;. form 

. !■■!■ Linher iDfuruation apply to tho President of 
Saotj. Clara Colic,.-.. Santa. Clara. Cal , or (o Re*. A. 
Monuehi. S. J., St. Unalius' CliurcL. MarUot street, bo- 
IweoB Fuurth and Fifth, f an Fran.;|..-.). 2 

THE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE, 

A.T BENICIA. 

J. Jan luoi, IMSII. ['„r,-n..4„. r.-i.i, ...I v. .„„,! i|. , 
•oils id Ital ihejrniiybo priaenl. If poiiible, ol iLu upcolnj 

dr™\noVrt'dr\*n n '" f* 9 *" 1 '" P" 1 ™ 1 teachers, Ate, ui- 
1 ' C J. FI.ATT. Principal. 

ACADEMY OF NOTHE DAME, 

S ^ rvj- J OB E. 

TUE NINTH AtiKUAL BESaioM of ,w, Icunulon will 
<-• - * ... 

■ in i. r , I i.,.. i,, i , ,u. ..,::„ „ i ,.„,,„,. ... r-nn jl'unjiodieVl* 
Entn uo TEftHB i 

iiiuidauj tuiuud, rcr ««ion!"!!!"."."!!!! , .!*. , .""!!!ra:5 




James m. edney, 

GiiEeral Furohaslae and Commission MsrchsJiI, 
and doiiur In 
Pianos. Molodoous, Puroia, Safes, SorriCK Machines i'. 
l;-.l,l; i,ci-,.i l[ 1 . J -n ll .r l l.. ci > H, s - :,,.(:,„ ■■ .. l -|, r ,;,„.| i; , 
. N. C," "Suutheru Blshoia," "Uiohorj-Nut Falls/' 
-■-I-.- I'.-,, M..r. ir .. : - ■[,,. ■■.'. Mi:nicAK PUMP,"»U« 
liter In all ilojilbs under lfXI I oc [ nv „,,„ 
DranidB, and price, eent f„" ' '* nAS0 - 

147 ChomherB street, New York. 

"f 1 " Iuc ""Iloeand forrfardln E , (rro-aod-a-o^ 



THE OALIFOENIA FA.EMER. 



39 



GRAVES & WILLIAMS. 




I'm never had nor 
worked day nod night 
ink, sir, It is contemp- 



werc shown Lift week, 
imes, by Sir. Tuiese, of 
. of Long Island — a hen 
.niJ species, with Tour 



T in different direc. 
ler Y, but, unfoitu- 

: ii .[[litf bine, and 



npos LoxoenTT.— r 
resident of the Stati 
ircd a table from the 



Jackson street, above .ilontjoniorv, 
SAW FBAKOISOO, OAl. 

FIRST-CLASS HOTEL ! 

THE TABLES OF THIS HO USB ARE 

UNIVERSALLY ACKNOWLEDGED TO 

BE THE BEST ON THIS COAST. 

THE ROOMS AND BEDS 



too 

K 



A Codba.— An Iustnnc.0 of intrepidity is rDlnted 
by the Bombay Times. It appears that nhllo o 
parly of fifty persons, of the Jewish commnnily, 
were eogagtU in conversation, prcvions to prayer, 
Sir. Reuben u:ir.-i!iinj]y rou-til from bis repose a 
large cob m di capello. nhicu al ooco pounced upon 
hi.- Jietiirf.tT. Eluding it.- i:-M-[i T ihc young innn 
-->■— in the middle of iu liodv, bin ii 



The 


.— The editor of the Indlonn 




the Inw of agricultural nen-s- 
















olturnl paper: ^d, this is your 




id iiuaptcd to your own locality; 








it keep; the dollar at home; 


















t me 


of the Steto do subscribe for 



the Gorges, [f you n 



g, they will swim ashore of tiler 



girl, sho bliiabca liku a "new-blown r 
nays smartly, "you dnrsn't do that twi 
The Boston girls hold still until ihej 
Jtis3fd. when they flare up at once an 



oacd, was asked if hi 



. ' "'' '''" ' ''""■ ' '' -rnjuijlj ■■■■ iiliout despondency; 

W ■ttot'Tbo 1 \f '" uu "- v ct,Ln , tl u UghtDlog rod 
^ Wnr rtiould a hen enjoy perpetual daylight? 

I* every mind were delicate and roRoed, could 
■ Urn passiou of lore know aoyaatiety? 

Oat of pood men choose acquaintance; of nc* 



himself? 


er suspects, who has coiifid'.-m'; in 


That Dm 

pcri.~li.-:il l.jl 


r.~i": Maiauv, the Dyspepila. is not a 

-1 -rn,:.!,.-!,! ,.„„, [,!„;,.., [,-.,:]„..„■ , : ,„n„ r _ 
:.-.l "•■l«-'ll ■li^. l ... !..„■:, ■. Ii,- Mill- 

d Oiygeoalwl Itiucra 0001 ° lm " ' 



ME. & MRS. COaiLL'S 
3 DANCING ACADEMY, 

PHILHARMONIC HALL 

Stockton street, near Jeekria 

KESD 
■■"- ™ ihiuJli. Hourseflui 

J" '" ""UMimlCtiil-lr... I,.;,l,.l <„,::, 
Otatl«nenwJL«ii (J . Tbo col.bralea L,in M r., 
Uwrill "ill! -,:■■:.■ AtH 

'■1 = ■' i-'-LKY SATURDAY, Inn 3 to Sr 



! *"$» a.rfiitoU 1 . b z:ul£: &v a "a&° 

Fane, D.™ .SuJo.Sb/S^ " 0l1 "- *""> 



i.Ti'Vhw 



First- OjL&ss Hotel, 

/jv-jersfiy- PARTICULAR. 



It is Contiguous to all of the most Popular 
Places of Amusement, the Principal 
Thoroughfares, the Fashionable 
Promenades and Steam- 
boat Landings ; 

DESIRABLE STOPPING PLACE FOR 
FAMILIES and SINGLE GENTLEMEN, 




HULL, KNAPP & Co., 




JUL IMPORTERS AND JOBBERS OP Si 

OREGON FRUIT 

AND 

PEODTICE!! 

No. SO Haslilnslou Street, 

KEAB. FHONT, 

SAN FRAXCISCO. 




Who Wants a Farm Cared For? 

» p ««™£'l7 HoJloed Iu lake chart,-, of . I™ f,J, 




FRUIT 

GENERAL COMMISSION HERCHANTS, 

Has. 07. DO ana 71 Merchant street. 

Opposite Wuhlnjlon Market BAN FRANCISCO, 



.1, E., r , u 






L,.,.y.,n:-. 
Cut... I. Ii. 



Self-adjusting Post-Driver, 

A valuable Impleniont for Farmers, 

SELF- 



Mr. BHOABWA Y POTHED TO THE WAIL. 

DEADEB. 




SEED. PLANTS, &.a. 



New York Seed Warehouse, 

flo. It S.IXSOME STI1KET. 

SAN FRANCISCO. 
G- L. KELLOGG & CO., 

Garten, Flower, Fruit and Tree Seeds. 

HAVE FOR SALE, OF I.ATE IMPORTATION, * largo 
MSomnCDl ol" .-Tiij .lB.lr.blB ™ri«y r.f 9- I.-, mi 

DUTCH liLtLUOL'd HQ0T3; 

AI.FAI.F \. ,,„.». .if ibolatert Importation: 

HUNGARIAN r;ii.Ae.-; 

MI-XJllIT fJUAp-; 

CLOVER: 



TOBAOOO. 

nraii'""' 1 

■1.'' Tin ■■ r P.- ,1; 
E TURKiaiL 



F_ ANTHONY. 




enabled mo to "»7 lSo<i r Hu5dred"csrS" 
thionih nil dt adrone (ortune I would 

foricurcoolinnea patreoigo, ana tniuco- 

pntnns Ii l:.^. i- :■ 

...i.n.nr.i Legitimats 

■In •"',-orvc lb.it (iido 
DOCTOR una a lii'.nj . 
.Kcist and a Doctor, and 
hs hare picked up tho 
•vsdsTottd thslrwhols 
.«« the honor to bolons. 



ptlMu filled 



.;""•■■■'" 

ArmMbeu 

OIST U llu-Mi.- I-).,.,:,-.: 
19 H bclWBCO I 

ben and IIimb 

To lbl< litter cl 

rn.d mj bwloe. 

BollBvlnj that lITslaf 

iih^fBtri"^i r c l r i e 7f,"% 5 ,b^ h B/r ! 

Iblrtbc I»rlc- lliunlly (.-lufrecil 
B T ■""^^S^i'jf"'-'.,^ »^i^«. and or 

r . D l«™^aflaVf^\^tS h Bf D | rthSb '"k lrn0 '' I ' nB 

1 iI.d1elM!r"e™ , dVhtm > i« f r wSTDFttlTp"! 
™ofvBlnab1o,Bar(llibl»p n iBotMcdl(.loo«toiend 

Wb Knp Open all Hlght I 

barge no more tor medicines than In the d M u ma 

LhrEo good cltliens. ' 

KIITBLr. 

r ".intend urauSn.ri^. ifftt.™'""" bjeredlt- 

. V - ■ , "' 1 " 1 ■'-■'■■'nil. .11. :;.,.;, 

id future, In the Jecremod price D r qor joods. 

6KTEKTHLT. 

nu'.-i 1 .? f0OBlvB a Lhl "'BO'":l«fortln folic w ln s valn- 



."" I'"-I ■■ ' Ml , ■., ,: 



Qange Cocks, Cylinder Cocks, Oil Qlohea, 
Steam Whistles, Hydraulic Pipes and Nonles 

FOB MIHISa PITRP08E3. 

•a- cocPLrso jnniis f »n .i ie i. j»n i. 



L. HASKELL, 




Seed Vv areliouse Z 

(ESTABLISITED IK 1B50,) 

S. W. MOORE, 

N 0. II CiilirorsJ n^L, bitKcen Montgomery iS jn'Omo. 

Srf.v FRANcrsco, 

KITCHEN- GAE.DEN, FIELD, FLOWEE, 
FRUIT AND TREE SEEDS 

IN CALIF0RK1A, DfCLUDINO 

20,000 lbs. Pare Alfalfa or Chili Clover Seed, 



OF 7 



-■ croi: 



htjCocsths, TULIPS, lilies, and other 

BDLBOUS ROOTS. 



fee Agenti ol Weill, F«n;o A Oo/a had FrcemM 4 Co.V 

10 carcJul peeldnj of food, (or .blpiacnl. Vqar cirlj 

^r. are jj Lcl led, w bleb »[. ill I.titi? In ■ii...,.- ni..l l.iiu.fuf 

ir.-.l, '.» I] t P,m iiirnlihciL Vl 



KJS 



C H U F A S 

OR 

Earth-Almonds! 

50 Peunda or CIH1FAS or EARTH-ALMONDS, ftr sale by 

S. W. MOOKE, 

in Send WoHnc-nM, 110 Cnllfbrnli itrNt 

To the Seed Trade, 

@fl HAVrSO TITE LARGEST ASD MOST SX- 

S 2E2 jH3 33 S 

No* Brewing and harrMtlns in the Union, «n an pre- 
pared to aupply Dealers on tho most faFomblo tornu. 

Our American Seeds 

Are with fowoienptlons raised under onrownimmiidislo 

"«J V j (po'ol ,ia "° Clm WBmu,t ihtm u ^n'-ol 1 "" in 

Dutch Bulbous Roots, 

i/yanjirn., Tulip,, i'o/yantfw, N arailut 1 
CroctH, CVoicn Imperial*, Jc, 



eot, San F.nnciieo, Cal. 

, M. TUOUItlltV at CO,, 

Growers and Importers ef Semis, 

IS John street, 



FIUF.SD i TEHIIT, ,:.,r.i|„„ 



WM, ARAN.tjknJ,,,,. 



rtlnJ E .Lnrti. Man-nllle. 
Brld; o Mariel, fllocttoo. 



Purohased at the Highest Market Kates, 




CARDEN AND AGRICULTURAL 

SEED WAREHOUSE, 

No. 10S CALIFORNIA STREET. 

|S TO THE SEED TRADE. ^ 

e haTO the Ingest Had most Tnrictl nssortment of 

FEEBH FIELD AHD GAHDEH SEEES, 

£cd EtaM lm f ^ l " i,,n ' ,njm the beat ffrawera In tin 



ALFALFA or Chile Clover Seed, Ptrna : 
Red Clorer ; Timothj- Grnsi; Red-ton G 
ky. nioeGmss; llungnrian Grass - 
MUlet ; Orchard Gran ; I( y0 Gnus. 



Tomato, Squaih. Paranlp, etc. 
-A fell SMomnooi of 
FRUIT, TREE, AND FLOWER SEEDS 
Budding and Pruning knives, Garden Tools', etc, ' 

iy C.lnlaiuc, forwarded on application 
Boies ef I0O Papers— I'm up by ounelvca, aaionrd r 
" labcletLondLruoio name. ' 



PLANTS, 




" THE CALllH)iNIA JARMJEB. 



« Frano CilJ. *«* f*> ^";" frt , nl ,l,,.ii:- 
FchtusiT. We copj tbe following irum 



patch, 




; d :: l MoX?i^F nr nr »n- 




aryb 
















Afier ■ 
Senate. 


!..: 


.*Hr.H»nn paid «" eloq"«* l»b- 



the .objeel. Tbe tisaiil r«oiaiw»> 

M3 c.A»., "«"•« » •"';a's™! 

*V^he rsA* Kcbraarj the Senate receded from 
in amendment 10 tbe Post L>dico Deficiency Bill, 



to the Cdiil. !■.:■■■■ pro- 
Among Ibe on ft' i 
lien en are ready to ei 
tod States from Ibe 
should the frankin 

number of members h 
tlotuboluOiin^ IV v, 
.Honing: the m»ift » 
priie, as tlpresa nratl 

(too 15th) isya that I 
fally conrioced than I 

Cor Una,'. The Comi 
IheGoremortbat n; 

Senator Hnun, of ( 
for the construction c 
lonririrerto Ihc Ei 

Anncis from Wsa 
Committee on the Lie 
port favorably. The 



The Wax Departi 
Ihc troops from 1 
The Iroope itill be 
Paro nnd Fort Yot 



Cartlo Market fc ? 
Btportrd tor the <'»g^^S™ l g^ic Kj™ 1 



c, „;-,a 1 ;iii» , -';:ii' 
it, Pent, WOOMSIW 






■ - V ■■ 



«,P a .. m*i 






,t n.> t . 



7atbingxon Market.— Slarcl 



WUMai 10 pncUeaTj di 

ol pbjrlciacu, ol &e&vti»fl 
tridlj-. Tl» bcnBdni fff. 



NURSERY BUSINESS.. &o, 



J. H. H A- Y, 
SEED AND NDRSERY DEPOT, 

No. lOG J STREET, 

SACRAMENTO, 

HAS IN 1113 SURSEBT, SUBJECT TO THE** 
ordar of eood oath cajlomun, the moJt exloo- JU. 

TREES, SflKUBBERRY, AND VINES. 



To be feoVd In Ihe I 
Almond, 
Apple, 
Aprieot, 



Se. 0l *'° , * 



MRS. ANNIE L. AVERY, 
HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN, 

Hnidcnce, 243 Eartfic Street (mo door, Irm Etotkioi 
BAIT FHANCIBCO. 



OS Wednenli!-, "Tib Jali. 



Cherry, Flum, 

fig-, Strawberry, 

Gooseberry, Quince, 

Grape, Itaapberry, 

Bailae a good ■tosk of SHBCBRRilY aod SUA 

IREES, for leauUfyinjr: bomeJ. 

S 2 g S 2 S 

ound at my Seed and Kunery Depot. 

SHADE TREES, 



[0,000 Locust Trees, 
1,000 China Trees, 
Lorn hardy Poplar, 
Mountain Ash, 

Magnolia Acuminata. 
Toeaihor "lib 
Kim, Linden, 

Ash, Weeping Willow, 

Maple, Arbor Vita;, 

.And other Ev orsteonj-a.il warranted. 

Tin EMattl are certainly not oqnsled, hi acr Inl li 
Ibe Slat*, fur beaoty and line, they aro iron (no I 
three, yosr? eld, straight and fell crown, iBrjiog fror. 
Icnlolwcnlrfeetinble-bl. 

SEEDSTSEEDS I 

The eifontlre SEED DEPARTMENT oowalni n 
FOR THE GABDETJ, FEELD, FOREST ft HHRSBRY, 



FAttM STOCK. 



&.O. 



FINE STOCK! 

FORJ3ALE. ^j5jj 

llYTUE STEAUP.R8 WHICH SAILED FIIOM HEW 

TQOROl'OH-BRED STOCK 

SH0RT-HOBN DUEHAM CATTLE, 

air FilENCB MERINO, BOUTBDOWK anil C0T3WO1.B 

SHEEP, 




Calitbi-nia tJieam Ifavigatlcn Company. 
GARItYTNa UWITED STATES SLAJL. 



HiA.iM rn:.-J^i-(-:Y, Cn t :v i: c rr r 



Colasa, »nd 



Regular DlHpatcb Line 
FOR HONOLULU. 

DAEK5 g* 
LOVETT, 
OBH PATJ._„ J 



ftarprcaolardSipBleb.-. 
Freight, apply la 



McRDEn a HKIiiULL. 



CHOICE GROCERIES. 



50 HIVES OF BEES, 



gXACKVCRIX, ToDgaeH and Sounds, 

CHOICE BUTTER, Ac , In Klia, 
For talo at 



Freno!b-M erino 

(Bf B TJ O K S . <gf 



Jellies, Jams, 

FRESH FRUITi 
UXU l.l.J H SAUCES, Ae. 
Far tala nt 



SALISA3 PLAINS, AT LKESES RASCBO, 









id na Iba I 



Hop Vines, Ebabarb EraU, Aiparogna Plant?, Oral 

Cnttingi, Diblin Boats, 
AiiJ eicrrlhln,: appertaining 10 the Seed and Nnr-ci 
hniintu. for olo at (tcally reduced pricot from lail yen 



to for > 



laiiplleil on 



it par Mall In any part of tin 



HOP ROOTS. 

rpnoSE B-ESnjISO T 



-HOP CULTURE. 



Highly Important Hewa ! 

DRY GOODS ! 

H. BACHMAN 

LABATT BROS., 



VIJUaSIENTO AllVr-jHTI.SMMENTS. 



BUCKS FOR SALE. 

_ VKARLlKCt liTJCIH, the Dtoduteol the 

•^ -[.I- ■.:l,IJ | !il.NCH_SIKFIINt> Ell.li-i;H-.-,t-.:;-t>N- 
JtEw« N ^esfro'io.o'ur^bjTb?p l ™uo1<'! 



SHEEP WANTED ON SHARES, 



UllplIU. Sin» Cli.1. Ciiuntj, 
Ot J. K. WU1TE, ll>2 Frool .ui,-l iu;.-.-,,Jr:.,. t„, Kioocl-cl 



RtHKSHIRt AND ESSEX SWINE. 



il CI..V T 



Go met Teas, Old Gov'ni't Java-. 
Cos-la Illca, and Rio Coflee, 

For lata at 

A. L. EDWARDS 4= CO'S, 
Bl Clay t treat. 



ALEXANDER H. TOL>D, 

Produce and General Commission Agent, 

SAN FRANCISCO. 



N B— My lerm-ror borinc ik) .ollinc rrt-lore nto; 
V-r r.ui-.uo-.. un.l.jr So.OJ, i', pet mDl i for ~:~<fi.-<,i nr„l 
apnardji,2paraent. 22 



CALIFORNIA FARMER 

ABROAD I 



Hid Silks, Shawls, Dress Goods, Tors, Sec. 



■mill, p.n^r^t ptaU-r-o-aF, 
. H.r-^aoleipeaU.l.liuna 



kind— Bib, panulp, or Ourar. 71 



Black SUki! Surt M m.hu F ., . w | Co 
Shawls and Cloilo, Silk Velvet 



ST. aEOBGE 
HOTEL! 

Corner of Fourth and J Streets, 
SACRAMENTO. 



AMERICAN EWES WANTED. 

SHEEP-RAISSKSRh'.hiTeoanokloff 
AJllilUCAS ElVE-l for sole, caa boar of >| 



FULL-BLOOD MERINO BUCKS. 



Premium Marble Works! 



II. Bach m an 'h, ' 



WOOL, HIDES, and SKINS, 

Fxu-claaaoa 

If THE H1011E3T MARKET ftATES, 

LONING Si FUERSTEIN, 

tO FRONT STHBET. 

""fen LoNi"o I'n-i'fV-Vi'iii'. 1 ' ' 



SCHREIBER'S 

PTJLTJ DEPOT. 

THE DEMAND far Ihi. a.liela of HEDDISf) I> 

FOR CHEAPNESS AND DURABILITY 
la aaae," "" "" K<1< " 1 ' 

i '■,!.; 
CI'HUJH ISAlli, 

N. O. .Ifn.-i.~l 

coiur husks, 

TWINE, 



SOFA-8PRWGS. 
<4TT&ES8-8PRIS(}$, 
A'7't'., ETC, 






W.B.— ,ui onlm torn ifco coonuy prmiptl^ ausArdUi 

Puln Warehoiioe, 101 Battery aireet, 

Su Fiiisoaoo. 

**" .Jacob ' 



Marble ManUli and Sralu, 

r l.blearll an.,,. 

una TiId, UraniKi aixl I - „:,•■'„., 

4, eon^umlj en band and mad 

CV-AI ■.'-■l^naJPlMtwfcf, 



W M . B . HUNT, 

• DEALER IN 

niDBS, 8HIIV8,@ 

WOOL as-d TALLOW. ^3- 

OSco en Second street, near tl 
BAORAMEHTO. 



Ok SAMUEL JELLY, 

**™ ISi^pUTER OP 

FINE WATCHES, JEWELRY, 

SJiv«i-u-iire, Cutlery, Ac., 

m J STRBET 0KB DOOR BELOW Flpril 

Watohet Repaired and Jeirolry JlaatiDwIored 
Agent, Jora,„- ce , .y Baker; String. Wachinet. 

Coal, Wood, Charcoal, &e. 

Saoiflo etrcot, between Powcl mi H aaoni 



:■■] r.,I lo lov li-njH, ,.,, [L [ r „| .1-ILT-ml ftp. „!,.,„.„ 
1*1 JOHN L lv,»: :ir ,,l_ ! 



Domestic Foirls. 



, Full-blood lUcrluo Slioeit. 

Pareoaj -l,bln K Full-blind Marina Sheep eni 
■ pnraonally, a. no bnvo ,omo of very "itri 



BERKSHIRE AND SUFFOLK 

SWINE! 

A very finopilrof full-hlood Bo; 



PINE HIVES OF BEES. 

A OOOlfpRBSBNT. 
^?EW mK SWAlOISoFllBES j u ,i « c .| toJ r ,. 



FOR SALE CHEAP, 

A RANCH AND GARDEN. 

124 Acres of Laud wiih s» 



Ms 



.•£■;,: 



Three Hnndred Dhoioe Frnit Trees, 
lesoo O- R A F E - V I 3ST e s 



J. I>. ARTHUR & SON, 

AGRICULTURAL STORE, 



PITTS' & HALLS' THRASHERS. 

BOSTON STEEL CLIPPER PLOWS. 

Plow, llnmia-F, Cnltiratora, Gialn-endlu. Fojihei, 
Snath', Uowe-rak^. 11.;. ■■r.l;--. lb ruber?. Carta, ore 
HAHROWS, SHOVELS, ORrrlDSTOHES, ETC- 

Nos. 3, 4, and 5, Washington street, 



O O .A.L 

A irnrmriTB, « 



ie iiv .nib ..I' .-•■|.n.o,l...r. 1W'I. in -.ii.l tity, and [bar 
Noitnin. nil I Lw, .n.,r.^l ,,n ,1 .1 ,,| th-,. 1„-,1I| 



ho awarded Corinoh article 
L product aa may be deeioe* 

byoorfull ClronUr (lo M 
nl of Iho rule) nnJ re jeh' 



Had 10 p U blL.h lha', 
Ure»oi"Meebanlo 



"^ri., 



» wj."A' u a woU°kTTbo'i'rla" J 



il.li.Worjo^.LDir^'HKr.iBooL 
Ol^an; aatt by aU KnoJ dalcn U 




VOLUME XIII. 



SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA: FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 23, 1860. 



NUMBER 6. 



S|f California farmer. 



Removal of Slumps. 




Will! M'ilh 

.»»*. uu.il. uc«i> in search of moisture, 

rain d<>cs come they benefit mom by It 

If lbs grnud is dug deeply, MiTkqrt"* ff)"il be™* 



Vineyard Planting. 
Ws Bre Bind lo receive from those who pli 
, b schedule of what ia planted by them. • 
keen favored by a letter tt om a Correspoi 
woingu Bob young Vineyard and Orchard, 
live* ua the following as bia planting, Ibis 
1 Son Los Angeles Grape, luu IsnhollBG 



the 


1! Ill 






o ■former plan 


iiB, 5000 










ring this year, being two 






years old; b 






cbed for 




tag 




Ii 


fine Hunch, c 








CJMe Itaoch 




car llokeluran 






Card up pea 










i Planting. 




bops oil H-ill 















Wash yom Frutt-Troos. 
^The present i, the time to cleanse M r rD !Ul> 

liBko a good strong wash of soap.gmja 
nsw B b of woolen raga g| T0 t bo body'nad large 
limb* of the trees a g 0Dl | washing. After this has 
bcea dene, tbo bark or the trees will pot oo m 
bright y el low.green look, changed entirely In up. 
pcurnncn to the eye, the general health of the tree 
being greatly improved, Polaab, throe pouodi to 
tt barrel of water will alio makn a good wash. • 



Tlio Gopher. 

mod inquiries, ntl tending to this 
11 1 do to get rid of tbo gophor? 
i oro many way. now daily practiced. Shoot 
; poison tbem witb strychnine or phospho- 
rua. This la dona by placing- groin soaked in pbos- 
phorui In their boles, Inking caro not to Icbvo it 
within the reach ot domcatic fowls or swine. Po- 
tatoes, turnips, or sugar-beets sprinkled with 
. Bud placed in their boles, will dn tho 
irbBt Is better, dig dou-n lo their main 
idcr.groimd channel where they nil pass, 
eojrc a qasntlty of poisoned feed, and 
you kill off hundreds in a day. There are also 
gopher-traps that Bro usefi 
haps tho best method is to drown them nut If pos- 
sible, by flooding the entire land that ia troubled 
with them. 

Zriind Drainage. 

TVt- hare inquiries relative to tho drainage" and 
nd where weter settles and leaves a mhilc 

nnding land that h irrignt 
lies ami leaves 

nd "tho ground Incomes told and sour 
nd produces nothing. I„ lta pfosl , Dl (hnpfl h ^ 
-irly worthless." For all auch ] nnd there is but 
remedy: a deep and thorough cultivation; 
mil all such land twenty-four Inches deep, and 
msiulo run a ditch through it to carry off 
Le-wnter. Such a piceo or ground, if ic 

bo a line place for a cron- 
1 pay well. £ 



Trypuicb 



Hioh IVran, Svonus, amihCulii.— TVo bavo bad a 
series or vary severe weather the past week, heavy 
lao very cold 



a 63° In tbo morning and only 6 



42 



CALIFORNIA NOTES. 
THE DTOIAKOLOQT OF CAWPORWIA- 

[ntHTlBDltB,] 

' Number 1 Calnveraa County nod Tehama 
Indians. 



sc|uirrel(oflr ( v: p liminiu 
squirrel (gtound) nilkil 
rabbit hoj-f-ne 



quail ntternillln 
hawk buth 

muscles (rirer) lulpcui 



"•THE CALIFOBNIA FARMER. 



mountains, lie ■ 
MDUan. "n 



dutchy 



ducks lad- it 

l aim on ncvrey 
benvcr ntemlooV 
oiler (river) mcnl-loolcy 



Earth 



batten woman das«y 

widdock grasshopper wcelilc 

trlmfl ««t eoolit „ 

shcdit deer ahummll 

geese lok-lok 

Tbcrawcrc lo the Sncramcnlo Valley, or near 
ml rlrcr, lo IMS, us for up as Red Blums, .rbcn 
i first established |,is Rancho, neat Tebnina, as 
many as 60,000 Indians. 

The Coins! Indians, of tho Sacramento ri re r, 
bury their, dead, but do not burn them. Thty 

arter lying Ihtm np liks a bundle. Into tho grave 
all Ihu dead man's arms, boskets, orna- 
ments, eatables, etc., and then covered him over, 
jno occasion, in I860, a friend of mine saw 
hundred strings of beads buried with a 



forehead toll 






feb 



inch 



lof-iw 
ehak-a 



great, big mat trik 
3 mall, lir.de coolcbnk 
s Irons sbn-woy 



ad pnlrakaitil 

nndsomo bate heroin 

E'y pah-nit 

live, life hatumnho 
end, death totr-traa 

old hos-o-um 

ram, hot sbup-ill 



CTSsahonner lit 
vulture hu 

blood pj 

IDT™, villitgc.- lr- 



kettle [ofclay] kny-iih 

017011 toy -rust 



ox, hatchet 
knife 



light takeuom 

Bight to-yun 

darkness chunks 



pouoj rooloi 
nebula roncloeih 



twenty nuniUch 

thirty yet 

forty c hoi i per 

fifty numich'ii 

hundred ntn lini 
tno hundred oo-ol 
thousand nom -■ i-i I 
two thousand pon-noy 



'anairt Hirer, in I 

Minu. 

otter nil! explain i 



Number 2. Etamacb 
Indian rwobuiary of the , 
Pidnily of Ih 
[The following interesting 
self, and for which I hate to return my thanks to 
Messrs. Van Dyko and TnEgart for their fcin.W>=;.] 
OnlElss Dau, KlucnUh Co., Deo. S, 1950. 
our nolo of the Bib ultimo, with tho 
Vocabulary from Mr. Taylor of Monterey, was duly 
ceived; but I have not had time until the prcs- 
,1 to attend to your request. 
I have filled up the list of word3 from memory, 
nearly so ; hut I have no hesitation iu assuring 
iu that they are as oearly correct as it is poisiblu 
rmcto represent Indian sounds by combination 
1 English lelters- 

1 bars been in the habit of speaking all these 

words: for tho list required, constitutes or co 

: a small part of Ibis language. For the 

years, and eron now, there are certain gultornla 

I aspirates, which 1 find a difficulty in produt- 

:, and which can ooty be achieved by So. 1 or- 

gons of speech, assisted by fine ears and Ions. 

practice. You will sec, I have been under thi 

ssity of making n new list of 



i get room 
When I ci 



. spell plainly. 

le on the Hirer, tho num 



•3 all tt 



r of in- 
., Th, secern- 
ire nW inhabited", 
, from BluD" Creek 
if perhaps eighty 



i the bounds of thi 
lino Creek— & dis 
od the Klamath Itt 

:th while to meotloo the names of the "d( 
sc-rted rilhigcs" : let them pass away with their in 
habitants. There are many "suggestions, und ej 
lunations, with regard to the structure of tb 
ngunge," that I could make, that 1 have n 
snbt would at least interesting to your friem 
«r. Taylor. 
Roping that you trill consider this as comply 
g with your request, 1 subscribe myself, yours 
ipcclfully, G. W. TiOOABT. 

Mn. Wilteh Vis Dvib \ 

Uuiuntown, Humboldt Co./ 
sousn. tan MX. ESr.tmn. ism as. 

od Pe-sieeh, Thunder Ish-nnordt 

meaning the Snow B-tu-tono 



OOl-nl 
r ki-win-c 
ii'rdhooti-o-vy nance 



grand feast irotaum 



bow-Ik 



Devil 



Child 

Fattier 

M..i.ii,[ 






- Il.il 



mo nn tain 
stone, rock c 



leaf 
bark 

. oak 



) kn-ha 



lo-as-lsh 
aportehnli 



Es-kid-dio Twelve 



Baud] 
At-ti-c-rnn 
6oo-pa 
Tomc-co- 



N'igbt 

ll.irkiic-53 
Morning 



Ep-soou 
Alclt-wen 
Odro 
Ilnwk-a- 



Thirlcen E-trv-v.ili- 
Twcnly-one Oelt-e-try- 

Twenly-ltvoOck-c-try- 
ic Thirty Qui-mh-e- 

- Forty Pnsc-otry- 

Fifty Trope-o-try- 

Sixty Kid-die- 



Hundred Tis-e- 

Thousand E-try-yali- 
e-patcb-iss 



Hawk 

Sen Mussel i 



lm-,i--, ,h- 




liundre 


han 




Qnu-dip 


Ki-chnek-e 












Sick-ku- 


Go 










Ach-sn-hi- 


Sleep 


K-qunle 






Ctiope 




Sec 




Cbin-chair 


I.OVO 


Ooso-ir- 



M- twin- iti 
Snc-ru 



Muskcto Slick- 



Affection 
Sit 
■ Stand 






Lightning Muck-bin- Earthquake Ip-kniu 



Soof-ciuTa,l J as-see-roo, Home-nip- pah, E-si 
Home- war- roop, E-nam, As-sif-soof-tisb-e- 
[to ne coatiHUED.J 



Ventilaticiu of the Bae-fflve. 

Wb give a chapter from "Lnngstroth" on thi 

Ventilation of Bee-Hives. Parenlt may lake a 

hint from these useful ctenlures, nnd learn the lui- 

If a populnus stock is exnmined on a warn 
day, a number of bees may bo seen standing upor 
the alighting-board, with their heads turned to. 



raids 1 



of the 



sturgeon 



sel-ly 



bok-is stand 

, pine tree chotwjk-ig come 
lii-ili. molt sok.i!" cortliqiia!'. 

■ elk sot-ot cellpsa suit-n-ney 

[A'nrt-^Thls vocabulary was taken from an 
i Indian about twenty-file yeara old, who said that 

■ hi. tribe spoke nhoul the awe language as those 
■yt Camp Seco, on the Mukoluuisc river. This In- 



hi.ro 



I thai 






.and forehead; coarse black stmighibolr, as thick 
as ibai of a horse ;. [he hair cuu .tcrj- low dowu 

Itt? |1',- '■..-,.]..■ .,1 ,!„,] [J ■ — lili:: -.V0|. ... llirL ..1 IT, 

African'., 

Iu the month of May, IB59, the people of Koale- 
roy wcro snrpriicd one dnyto tco a large- cavalcade 
comlngluto the town, who, to their irtrptife, turned 
out to be a company of Indiaafl, from the Motccd 
river ood sicinkj, nil uu UD i e a od fine horses,. and 
generally prslly well dressed and equipped in the 
Spanish fashion of California. They aumberod 
about Sfi,-, many of whom were armed with rifles. 
The mo.( of them spoke BpauUih aud hroken En- 
glish. Their expedition was tSlcr muscles and 
avlouca. Several of them were u ihiny black as 
an ebtinc Afrisao Moor, while others wore of tho 



AaJmli. 

".'-'* r. 



b l!i„ ; . .;',!- 



told me th a l bis tribe had words 
*Wch enabled them lo cotnmun 
«outeriy.] 

■a 'rleud, living near Tehama, gate me the fol- 
losrioa voeabnlary of tho Indians near that !«„,, 
on the ljp ptt Bieromento. For oaa hundred 
miles op and d 0WQ l!le tlvct aai l[l0 a ,i fi i, b(lrille 



Tuuili 

l!.:-.nl 



II-fOB 

At 

En- pen 
Tama 

Eu-fwala 

■ffo'och 

llo-roc-co 

Woop 

E-lroeh 

Tronp-hon 

a-irisb 
Eu-co-co 



Bark 
Gross 

Herb 



They 

This 
That 



Sells 
Body 



Ni-bitch- 

lay A-t b m 
orday E-pitt 



Kid-dlc- 
wltcb 



slightly elevated, 

spokes of a wheel, in swift rotation on its axis. A 
brisk current of air may bo felt proceeding from 
the hive; end if a small piece of down he sua- 
pended at -its entrance by u thread, It wilt bt 
blown out from one part and drawn in at another 
Why are these bees so deeply absorbed in theli 
fanning occupation, that they pay no attention 1< 
the busy numbers constantly crowding in aud out 
of the hive? and what is the meaning of tub 
doublo current of olr? To Hubor, we owe thi 
enlisfactory explanation of these carious phenom. 
ena. Tho bees thus singularly applying tbeii 
rapid wings, ore BtnlifatiRO tho hive; and thi 
doublo current is caused by pure air rushing in 
ipply the place of the foul air forced ont. Bi 



-LUlllllI 



taincd 



>l tbc i 



i% Hbb 



vessel, with only o 



will Si 



small onucc is made, the same result will foili 
but if a current of oir is hy some device drawn 

illthoollis exhausted. ? ' 

It Is on this principle of maintaining a doublo 
current by urlijjeiai b*™, that bees venLilat- tln-i, 
crowded habitation!. A file of veuftlt.li,,,. I,,. 
stand inside and outside of tho hive each will 
head turned to iu entrance, and while, by the 
rapid fanning of their "many twinkling" wings, a 
brisk correal of air is blown out of Ihu hi* 
equal current is drawn in. As this imp, 
office demands unusual physical exertion, Ih 



ustud lab 



I loved 



Village 
Chief 



E-try-jah 

Avlsh 

Con-isb 



by fresh detachments. If tho Interior of tho hi. 



enlr.r ' '" i '''hori.iiij empluynicot. If it, 

made to their at 'V'"! 1 '" 1 ' 1 ' "'■''■'■- 1: -' <l1 " will |, L . 
1111 "l"-' : -lid il it ;'. r ,"i„ l'j. , .- ld ,° ° ' 1 °. U,!iuc of 



ivir,,.,,,,,,,] in 

of seg^eutlon 

Careful eip 



live, and nlllnniL'li Iho i:..|.niv li.nl been shut up 
uly n few hours, the bodies of bulb the living 

ad the deed ivei.: iill.-.l ivilh tiii- -i i i -;; -i ( i n u.- 

uid, instead or the honey tbey hud when ibey 

In u medical pninl of view these fact* are 
highly interesting, s-hcuvini; i- iln-_v -In, niiiiur what 
circuin?liincc=, and \*>w s|u.eilily, diseases may be 
produced resembling dysentery or c' 



If iliin hi 

i", hi. a in.v... 



lively 
olj tu keep 



often be 



large . 

support of lift, nml Innv r.i [. i . 1 1 v the process of 

l.ri- j tiling .-iiii-.vri. ii in I ii L. ili-:ii|Lv [luison: it can- 
not, like Licbig, demons irate ilmt liod, by selling 
the animal and th.: i-e-oMlifi- w.irlil, the one over 
led that the a 

; hand. Mot . 
upon us I that with nil our boasted intdli 
roost of us live as though pure air was of li 
no importance; while the bee ventilates i 
philosophical precision that sbould put 1 

la it said that ventilation, in our case, cannot bo 
had without efTort ? can it then be hud for notbii 
by the industrious bees? Those ranks of bees, 
indcliiigiililv plying their busy wings, ore not ( 
gaged In idle amusement; nur might they, asuoi 
' illow utilitarian may imugi ne. Lo honor enifilnvud 

gathering l j , or sopi rintending some of" - 

larlment in the economy of the hive. At gi 
'"'"-, they arc supplying 



...,i «r tin 

heir healt 


.in. 




th 


IV. 


air 


ocont 


ucive t 
































Mivity U. 




i^hl. ■■ 




































■ir.l 












I'l 




1" 




1:1"- 
















volltilil 
















J o "i-i u rul , 1 




ey 


ul; 










"t 


?6S 


i?t 




r;:: 


? ,1 ° 


onresr, 




Thai all 


mat 


dee 






lint 


nevilab 


vfollov 


















































lll.-llo.-tn:. 




al, 


ml 








uffer n 


lhi.'„ Ihl 


Ore 




Of 




i'l,' 


d betw 




















Men may 




















hu 




Hi-ir 












liv< 




























it,, ii. i-, 






merl 


Cd li 


cfercne 


and re 



o pin 



inguugu of tho lamented Downing, "in the sigi 
rpbjsicnl health, compare most unfavorably wil 
1 but the absolutely starling classes in Europe 
I these indications of debility, to say nothing 

rotliiim our vi,i,.,l„„i ,,| i ;,„!'„ ,,h v .ii- u l Iilws tiud 
bo dreadful penalty with " ' 



■■!""/ i.iivo.1 Mr,,, l,i„p- ,i onion, supply r pu 
»ir lor our pr.v,,,., dwelling, publitbuil-li „;;.,„ 
raveling eunvevan.-cs, will I,., ., .. rt :,„. r |,,,„,- L 
tor than sWithWum,,, fnlinnora M„r: 

I'l 'II- v..,t,l„l,„nuruiylli„.,n 1 :, 1 -o|.,„l.-: l ,r„ (; 

as far as possible, lo moot ilio iii : , t,:iti..- ,,l n 
boos, undor nil Hi,, varying riri'tiiii^auces III wlii, 
they are exposed In our iincen.iit, ,|i,„,,.., ,,,,„ 
sei-ora exironios or |< „,,„■,;, tur,. r.irdbly Impre 
upon tbe bee-keeper thu minim of Virgil, 
"Utraqno ,u parlter uplbu. mauHiili," 



In winter, if btrs urc i„, n ", i„ , , . , 
Which Is neither tno »t,u\ ,, A m)t V ]a ™' 

altai..^ .l„m,.,nl and require, y^ ik I ' ' i"" 
even under suol. ^^{^Zl til 



„?„:.',:,! Villi | 

Null's hive, i 
cnnipliciited a 



li.'.:-l, ■, 



o the majority of hec-beepor 
other labored coulrivnnccs, s 



While tho ventilator, afford a. 
tnay be easily controlled; so 
brood by admitting too etron 
1 The lnvtaUftu upeu nr Franklla 



the chapter 
n for ventilnt 
carry olf all 



,-ing tho rest or the 

c stands in the sun, 
It nirj and the vcntl- 



*eb.— There is nothing like decayed bones for 
all sorts of fruit trees, they ore perhaps best for 
pear trees, next for apples and I hen for quinces: 
but arc good for nil kind:, uf frail unless it ho crnn- 

M, which seem to lire and grow ou little hut 
air and water. 



NURSERY BUSINESS. 



IFiirist; Premium 

NURSERIES, 

J!g SAN JOSE. <Bsk 

B. S. FOX & CO. 

HALF MILE FROM 01TT, TELBOBAPH MISSIOH 

Fruit and Ornamental Trees, 

QH A. F E-VI ISTBS , 

Flowering Slirubs, 'Gouselierries, CarraDts, 

RASPBERRIES, fy:. 

D DOHCHESTER BLACKBERI 



CUMBING PLOTS, DAHLIAS, &C. 

NURSERTMBS'S STOCKS. O 
Wo desire lo offer to nur friondi and patrons a stock el 

TEEES, PLANTS, 
TTIJSTEIS, 



NURSERY STOCK, 



, USUlVALED. 



Equal Any Nursery In Stock or Growth, 
Oar efforts beinc lo show oar friends 

Wen-Grown Trees and Plants. 

Wo inrito ail purchasers or Trees, Plants, la, lo call sod 

AQEHT, ME. JAMES L. BTTE'TIS, 

110 Woihlnston street, San Francises, 



mi« 



o, that 



r frlem 



EXAMINE OUR STOCK, 

As ne*piirpo40 pfferin- them nt 

ONE-HALF LAST YEAR'S PRICES. 

Trees and Stock packed irilh srest c 
DELfVfiRED AT ALVISO FREE OF CHAROB, 

«- Tt would bo ndrn 

andmiKo toIerlir.Tn.r.rl, 

CWolosno. fnnnd at Former Oljor .in i. p ,|,li,-:,ii..[,. ,■«'-■ 

SopIomborS, 1S59. 



D. S. FOX * 



100,000 

FRUIT TREES! 

AT THE 

SAN LORENZO NURSERY! 



FHIIT TREKS, <• 
■fC? P""nt (oa--i)n, to his largo stock or 

Apple, Paar, Plum, Cherry, and ApriW* 

. TREES. 

osoirra. 



. TREES, 

from Oils to Fouit r 

Tho most of nblohhoiohoonp-afted from boirlojtri 

nnd nro noil adapted to this ell mate, omhreclnjtt 

OliOIOHST VARIETIES I 

Auo-DWABF PEAB OH AKOEES QUffl* 

Ponch, Nectarine, and Fig Tree! I 

OA LTFORirr A AND FOREIGN 

RASPBERRY, CURRANT, -| 
AND ROSE BUSHES. ^ 

His trees are trained nith low lops, are of 

DROWN ENTIRELY WiTOOBT IRUICATlO^' 

VII of which will bo H'ld nt greatly roduetd P**^ 

Purebaiors are rcsncclfally requested lo call and « 



. Allorderspromiillir 



J. LBWEUilSOi. 
SsuLoreU* 






THE CALIFOBNIA iff AJRMEB. 



43 



Tlis Pen Bug (Bartohua Prisli. 
paon^oi- J. P- Kinti-iM. gives, In the Ohio 
Itonjcr, ll)li remit? of .iur.ii.- iiperinicnl? oinile 
Bfa. chloroform, with n view of dcslroy.og 
ttmc of the jiPii bug. lit' fays : 

The Cfcrgs of that insevi urn duposiled in the i 
While it is yel young nnd leoder. About L__ 
period whuli '.)]■: |...i]- I..-.. .,,,,.■ .)rv,tl]L-v(!iiris.-l.ifv:i' 



;d from Ibe pods, and 
closed vessel, oi bot. 
a few drops of cblo 



cr the process perfectly 



mere speck bi the point, occupied by tho j 
worm. Hot tho advantages of this process w... „„ 
most obfcrvnblo when the plants from theso seed 
peas: ranko their pruivlti rn.il ifLvon, They V " 
bo ftr more viperous and healthy than those 
BUrling fruin =e«.ii which hare been eslenslvcly 

CIO uniunillj privtri-i: Ills audi,., nnd perpCtUL.. 
the colli ratine nf r In- lint '.'urielics ul tlijj vegeta- 
ble, in ihh' vli.iuiiv, without resorting to farcigi 



Old Vjjuiost Fi 


„1T 


ul— The Grc 


n IToooLil 


State hi 


always be 




oliflc in brav 


men, ham 




men, Gut horses 


and eh amnio 




she has 


outdone he 






which i 


by far tli 


Ifo 


■est specimc 


of his rac 
of IJebre 




nent be eo 






Of the h 


ute which t 




Idreo or Ism 


el bowed t 








int to thef 


ith of the 




FJe CMiiJ.: 














3 feet 4 iact 












brongbi 
















■ 1 ifiml will 
























2,000 pi 










m£h. 


.■,',d,!,.i.m 


goo 


io England fo 


dilion," n 


U«w 


Asr. «««,.— 


till 


geaernlrulc, 


urdomesti 


animals 


re never nn 


rnly 


except when 


taught to b 



h::= ft vi 










8om"« 


reflected In the 


made wiih 


r--\' 


such minors roaj 
J every lacornotiv 


[itliiuni 




be iido pled on all r 


isl, bike i 


Hi? hi» 


r quality from yt 



Small [litce oflireaii quite black nnd drop 
jessl; or, if It be very bitter, put a small ouontily 
of bran iuiu n small sieve end strain the yesst 
UirooEh. These remedies have been tried nnd 




ur). snu i,i,i oiiy part become so dry as to look 
pray, .., , I,., i ( win, ,i wel brush nnd proceed as 
before. IJy iw Q applications a year, il cue be kept 
ps bright nan conch body. 

;n anil women may he traced 
customary in the de- 



— Much of 111 



ndely £ each 

1-11 JO',, il" <-Y[!.., i.iL.,.| 

. ■ -.-. i ■■■ ■ .11. 



'■■- '■' ■ ■■ '■.!..'■ I V. ill, ; i„ir i, ... ':, 

parrot imilate* oil it bear.' wo on i' ^Listen to*the 
w...^.,,.,,. ,l.,|.|,,.„ ,., |,lny, you will benr ell that 
fttber and muthr-r ore In the habit of saying; 
^e.led, too, with the very mannerism of the 



adolph Bishop, ' 



Mil! lur! 
though 0, 
Coastal. Ill' 



Kosa, David 

'in, „l Mr. II. 

inckon thcK 

of African breed, which 
'"H«t Mngeol- 

distan 
eler being loformed by the lam 



»ew York Ledger to a check on the Nassau Bant 
hJLl' If ; h " " J "* " r AfrIcnn breFi! > wnic « 

'■-.■■■ : - ■ ' ' '.-'1. [■!:[„„.,. :,.., ■.vll.Msllnt JlttleOlB. 

" ,1!l, ; rl ■ ■''-Mil.. |,..i- ■.■.!,. ..il,i, mailer feTt,^,] 
i •infill "II. I, ,.[!,,.„ ,.■.-.■,■,- ( i„i, 1., ,.j, r ,,, .-I- r, ,,,;. . 



•T* 

"»,v. n .,M,,...i.i..r.i,.,l : , „.,,[„., 
nun 'cm- i!,<v or,, „„ ril Ij |PJir .. 

•ffo'r'drirl' 1 il " ,^ ' :,1 '" '■'"■' " u,i h -' ll «'"*>«J "' roily, 




TO THE AGRICULTURAL PUBLIC: 

THE SUBSCRIBER DESIRES TO EXPRESS TO HIS FRIENDS AND PATRON9, DIS WARJl 
lomsrreil llanki for their kind ami much-needed nupport dories; the past 
saaguina Dipeoutiouf, and mbleh hs hopei to retain bi pBrsuIng sooh a eoi 



Patrons and honoiahio to hln. 
Ho desires therefore It 
offer for sale for I8G0: 



rsa as may bo satisfactory to his 
io of tho loading articles which ho will 



THRA-SHERS: 

PITTS' GENtJTHE BUFFALO THHASHER, 8 and 10 horse-power, with an ntlnehmcat fo 

TneuurineuidregLiloring the number of baihelsthrnsnod.und baielot; Iho grain. 
V. 91. It.iH-cll- aiosslllon, Ohio, Tliraaber, 8 nnd 10 borso^wcr. 
Ball's Celebrated Canton, Olilo, do 8 and 10 do 

The Allium, Blew Tor*., do 1 and 2 do 

Tie abore Machines mm Made Expressly io Order fur file California Market. 

Alio, have oo hand, cilra Cartings, Drapers, Bleiulon, Cylinder Teeth, <6o, 4o n or aU the ahoia machlnDI. 

THE CALIFORNIA COMBINED REAPER A D MOWER! 

To which was awarded tho FIRST PREJUUS1 over the New York Reaper, on trlnl na a Combined 
Reaper nnd Mo-cr, al the Alameda Conn j Agrleolluml Fair, hold in Jono last Alto, tho same award was made 
at the Slam Fair, held at Sacramento, ia Snploraber last j and at Iho SanU Clara County Fair, held io San Jo», is 

Your ottcolioo is also called to a ooticb given it, boloff, by namerons membcra of the Stale 
Afriruliund Bociety. 

PECK'S HEADER AND HARVESTER ! 

To which was also awarded the FIRST PREJIIDJI al tho State Fair, and at the Santa Clara Connty 
With the experience of the fist Bouon, this machine 1) so lmrinvod as to bo, wilhool qoaition, 

Tlio Very 33 ©*st Harvostor in Use. 



SICKLE SECTIONS. 

SICKLE SECTIONS for McCOItlllCK'S, HCSSEY'S, BURRILL'S, SEYMODR & MORGAN'S, 
PALMER i WILLIAMS', and MANNY'S (with Wood's Itnprovotnenl) REAPERS. Also— 
EXTRA CASTQ'GS AND BSASS BOXES FOK THE ABOVE MACHINES. 



HORSE B. A K E S . 

WHITE'S PATENT STEEL- TOOTHED BUGGY HOBSE BAKE ; 
WILCOX'S REVOLVING HAT HAKES, a, 10 and 12 feet, 

BOYEB'S FARM MILLS, for Feed, Corn Menl or Floor; reqnirinfj but hro-horso 
power. The cheapest farm mill in aao. 

"PREMIUM FANNING MILLS, of oar own mnko ana tho best imported 
INGERSOLL'S PATENT HAY PRESSES. 
GRANT'S GEAPE-VINE GRAIN CRADLES. 
KIMBALL'S PATENT SCYTHES and SNATHS, notched heoh,; the Tory best pat- 

HAY FORKS, BARLEY FORKS, both stool ana wood. 
WILCOX'S THREE-BOWED HAND RAKES. 
.HOVEY'S HAY CUTTERS, oil sizes. 
RUBBER BELTING, all widths. 
MONKEY WRENCHES. 
GARDEN HOES and RAKES. 

SKELETON CLOD-CRUSHER OR FD3LD ROLLER (homo mw. n fs<:ture). 
GRINDSTONES, all sizes. 

PATENT ATMOSPHERIC CHUENS ; tho best ohurn in uso (homo manufacture). 
CHEESE PRESSES, self-acting (homo manufacture). 
LACE LEATHER; LUBRICATING MACHINE OIL. 
LTLLIE'S CHILLED IRON SAFES. 
EXTRA POWERS, 1, 2, 4, 6, 6 and 10 Horse. 
EXTRA TRUCKS and EXTRA LEVERS. 

BST REPAIRING DONE ON SHORT NOTICE, -©a 
J. 8. HARBISON'S PATENT BEE-HIVES, which took the FIRST PREUiCM 

it Ibe State Fair, and which is tho very heat hee-hivo io use, nro for sale; and, also, persons 
riahing to manufactorc these Dives tan rinrcbaso the Right of na. 

THOS. OGG SHAW, 

33 SACRAMENTO STREET, 
Btaaa. Franolsoo. 



Wi, Ibe uuilerdiued, members of lha Slate Ajrleollu 
inly Improved CALIFORNIA COMBINED REAPED A. 



il Scelaty of California, 



ired by THOMAS 000 SflAV 



I =»n JTranclMo, California, for which a palenl hta been aprlled for j and, Id oor Jodemon 

te rroaled Improiemonb) that hai era come under our uluerratlon, of the kind i aod ne oheerfully reeommtad i 

as It™ *n nonMrTo'.c 1 aTi!' " ""i"' 1 * CM '""' i * laT " lUl>l, l ^ nlaehlne, iuono of the b»L Combined Reap. 

BltnUHESTO, January 18th, 1800. 
John 0. Downey, C. L nnlehlnson, - 0. 0. Wheeler, 

. ,^°?. nWr " r C * llfc^vU ■ Proildenl OL Hi.ie Aj. 8«Wy. Cor. Boc. Cel aiilo Ac. Society. 

A.H.Myen, Col. Wamro, W. WadsKerlb, 

FrotfcDi A. 0. AsrlentumJ Sodery. Edl„ t diuiomu Fmwti tMUor Callfcnda Culluruv 



an B ley, 
II. Il- Crocker, 

M. F. Iludcr, 
A. R. Rill, 
E. A. Marsh, 
Charlea B. Cooley, 

C. 8. Lord], 

R. B. Weodwaid, 
Bernard 8. Fin, 
Joi. Lea fcU, 

D. F. Maolillo, 
W. W. LUjht, 



II. 11. I I...I : I .,[,, 

Bd. Davis, 
J. P. Meleblor, 

,1 ;'■'. 1 1. ,■.,., r' I. , 

Jod. Harris, 
J. Fermaa, 
P. A. Mollac, 
IT. H. Parks, 
J. B. Vallbot, 
J. Morrill, 
Wm. Eabe, 
Jacob L. LowLs, 
Jos, K I.. | ■ .... ii ,i, , 
B. R. Crecker, 
0. 0. Jinks, 



Thorn u Hayes, 
Wujon Flint, 

ArWrans Dorlion, 
B. Qlhhons, 
Oharles J. Collins, 
H. 0. Hun-Ige, 
Jos. IL NbtIU, 
John R. BoEors, 
7. K. ShaUaok, 
IL Cronklto, 
J, C. llnvi., 
J. B. Harblioc, 
Cbirlos ZelUer. 



WURSBB.T OIBOULAH, 

FOREIGN AND NATIVE CRAPES, 

AND GENERAL NURSERY STOCK, 

OFFERED THE PRESENT SEASON OF 1859 AND I860, BY 

J±. ' F. SMITH, 

AT THE 

POMOLOGICAL GAEDEN AND HUHSEHIES, 

SACRAMENTO, Two-anrj.a-half Milee from tho City, 

AND AT TUB 

OFFICE AND DEPOT FOR TREES, 44 J SITKI, between Scefliiil nnd Thin] ■( reels, 

SACRAMENTO CITY. 

-THE CULTIVAT10S OP TAB GRAPE, ASD TUB PLANTING OF VINEYARDS DTON AN 
extensive scale, is at the nreseDI time oxoltlnc a lively lateral! amonc Iho oeonle or our Slato. 

Tho congeniality of oar soil and elinmlc, and the aiteccaa which has Ibufl far attended [he opera- 
Kens In (hs rinoyard, am eicltlng Ibe altenllon of Hundreds lolhis subjeel, and dcitiaod to maka vioo-Eronlnw 
and wine-inaklns.ono of lbs sroat Interosts of oor State. IVilh tho world for a morkot, wbo oaa estimnto tba 
noallh that will henofter aceroe to our people in the monnfaotoro and exportation of nine. This Statu and this 
Intnrait yel io infnnoy, and this eroai luieragl is of sueh macnltudo that it Is of tho Ant Imporlanoo to begin 
aright To do this, wo sboold now aeeertalu what ii to bo tho host DRSianaLB oaara id cbhivam, especially 
[orwlno-mnkiog. Tho California or Lot Angeles grape makes a good and pleasant wine, and while some claim it 
ugnod as any for making wine, Ibe majority of niperioaced growers prononnee it inferior, and lomo assert 

rated by as, tho Oalifobnia (ln.ru has always proved to be tho moit tender, while ibo FaxKcn and Oaa- 
graps iarariably resists tho frosts that hare been so very doitmetlro to our California grape. This Is a very 

Ihe attention of the cultivator shonld bs directed Io attaining a hardy class of grapes. Bxporimont along must 



For son 




ve have 




Ostt 


lt,.„ll, 


oxpor 


raen 


iap; 


poo aod propagating from a very largo 


ook of the 


1K.-I 


Inds of fo 


■1,-r, , 




nd nhl! 




nl th 


in ha 


o proved pis re 




.-.iTr.ij- 


it bio 


onllrely 


died. 


At t: 










oi exactly agio 


nilo their joi.irii.rily in 


mrrospe 








Thus It will! 




thai 










y deeldod adran 




rtba 


ernpo now beln 


onl 


vatc, 


and known as th 


Los Angelas grape - 


With th 




nta e^tab 


sbod, 


andv 




■■1(111. 




if pr 




were of Europn to boh- 


in u?, tho 


a can: 
















1 BTS.TE of tho ii 




The for 


oflRr 


lies bav 
















uoi grnpes, and having 






irdlor Iht 










■I,,,. 


id In 


u r soil and dim. 


e.lhey nest and will bi- 






elyoultir, 


od. 1 






eullT 






n thoso about to 


piant Tinayards, oor own 






encei for Ibis clai 






ovior 




o do, 


hat the variolic 


to be eventually selected 


















woald not by any m< 


.na wish to discoarago tha 




heC* 






whiet 


a Indeei 


ansa 




vain 




f which wo tell largely! 


t whoa It 


















(T, ilmustneces 


irlly give plaeo to them. 






'STJ^fi 




h.v, 




,i-l , 






mo, and while 












































-if-rrr'nT 


°uii° 


-"!r.m'T' 


Hi,.. 


Sn'o 


*»I«i, 


ei!- 


i L '!' 


i Inr 


e qea'nmr'frou. 


























rnsij 


•is, and a 






ourproc 










was Van flat- 



leriog. andwobavenoA.ublljutlbillbn very Dnesl qiialily otraiiria.. can b c |,r..Slol)lv prepared in this cnnl 
Wewiihtodrawlhontleotiiioof pirtiw Io our pileo.iivo Hlock of thin cl^! or crapea which aro ver) ■ k.|, :t 
which we bava been ]in.pi;alini.'f..r tevoral yu.irj at laryo ei|«nfj. bavin- luitotnforo limited Dur tales IU1 loo 
(lock new In band L- tho InrjOil io (hi. Stale. Sncb varieties as »0 have specified we c.in fun.l-li by the hondred 
or tbouiand, and when taken io large leu we will put thorn at moon lower rotes than heretofore offered. 
Wo wish it to be distinctly unJurslood that our stock has been all grown by ourselves from bear 

lac; vines io our own vineyard, and wa eauroerato only such as no can furnish in large qaaotities. 

When a thousand or more vines are ordered, the selecttoo of kinds will portly rest with as, bnlwill 

■Sji- iVe wnuld tucjojl la ouranslomnrs thol Ihav nbo.il, 1 oamo to na tho proportions Ihoy dosiroforrAIitB and 
for wise u rapes Tho following b Ibo list for tho present season: 

Black Hamburgh — An Immense bearer, a large nod purple beery, one of Iho finest and moat lus- 
cious of block- grapes knowo. 
Willmott'B Black Hamburgh— Eilraordi nary bearer, and frait with immcoso sited borrics, differ- 

Blaok Prince— Large, very productive, rich and very delicioas. 

Black Morocco— Very prolific, large clusters, and gives promise of being a very fine trine grape. 

Black 8t, PeterB— Long and largo Clusters, a late frail, sweet and very delicious. 

Frontignan— A good grope with asweet and musky flavor. 
Cannon Hall Muscat— One of tho largest white grapes kuowo. From our experience this year it 

Chauelas of Fontainebleau— A white, very productive grapo, medium slio. 

Early White Sweet-water— A well known early sweet grope, being moro than three weeks earlier 

Early White MttlVOiaOri— Early, aud street, aod good. 

Frontignan Muscat— Very fine. Syrian— An Immense bearer, very large, a late sort. 

Grizzly Frontignan— A good hearer, fine flavor, good tn«c grape. 

laihmier'ii Seedling— WUi to, good size, medium hearer, high flavor, believed to ho good for sine. 

Large Hose of Pern— A largo and superior grape, and very prolific. 

MoEeady's Early White— Very prolific, and a fine while grape. 

MttBCat Of Alexandria— Largo and lino, Ihe very fiatst of labia grapes, and of ciqaislto flavor. 

Eoyal Muscadine— A delicious grape, great bi 



Bed Frontignan— A very line grape, 
r native grapes coosist of the Califoi 
-oacord, and Rebecca. Sorao of IL. ... . 
id this season. We particularly ask ploulers of 



a table grape, and promise 

White Frontignan— A very delicious grapo. 
ipe from one to three years, Isabello, Catawba, Cl!n- 
' of these wo are not largely 



marks in this uard. 



% §t 



FRUIT AND ORNAMENTAL TREES. 

Tho Trees offered from tho above establishment this season are mora than usually Bno, aod in tho 
titartS ovr^'a "o ^n'nao^ai^ro ^^JhtaKr? "" 1 " B °" "**"" ,a *" ****• 00C """WI 
Apples, about 250 variolic*; PtiAonES, 7fi vnriorjasf 

Pbabs, 400 vBriatiea ; Kectaihnbs, 20 varieties • 

Plums, 50 variolic"; Apiucots ] ■ ..;,;' 

CnsMtiEg, 50 varieties; Qkalp<i livn. ,■'*,* . 

Apple, mum, Pcacb, »eci«rla«, AprlcM, P1 B , Ul AlSond 

B.b^i.SS.'jL "™.™^ 1 T','"' 8,m1 "' Em *'- » a e™»«lio™ Planta, 

Dn. lot or Uiff.™., .I.W. orlh.t .".".."i.™.!! 1 .!!' *.' T°" " * «."' mln J ^°™ balb PBd aod a... Abo, a .or, 

ta " i L *"""™' "V"-™' °«"»i M.,", l.v.ri.1;, b,»,I^, dU „. 
Catalpa ; OuinaI and other Trees. ' 

W« call porlicnlar altcntjoo to oar eoltnetioa of TT-i~C e~i a -asfTn-r ■*■ » . ' 

sr». ■»„„«. , lL m „ „ oao „ m^LS^Z %£•!£:?£"''• 

tBorominotopartloalanofShrabi, Roni>,Ae n soa OATALOonnq _m„i, . ... „, „ "^ 

suit, and 

-nUUu 

Whole- 



4A= 



THE OALIFO B]SriA F A. R M IE ;R ■ 



Wifotuiit fatmra. 



Direct dii Intlsrs and Exchanges. 

" .[ ™. *»«-!» '™-; b ,'it S*SS! 
Mi :»■„";> St~ ''rr,*r;' e, "r 

ko frequent miK»m.Bt" forwsntornaviag UieotfK. 
open Ihe hucn. 

Lsmns or Ovmuaso Mail.— Will our friend! 
la lie aid Slates please " ril " "■ D ! ^ ™ l, ' nd , M " U 
u open u KftmnES. H gresilj fwllilates oaf plans. 



Tie Great Volloy of Amador. 
Moon has been laid of Hits largo and tortile 
plain or nillcj— one of the largest sections for 
aittle, Sheep and horses which wo have in onr 
State. Our ciliwns in other-peril ons of the Stale 
■an form but a poor estimate of this fertile vallry, 
mlcss they should visit It. Having crossed It 
several times, we hare recently visited the several 
ranches, seen the slock, and gathered the particu- 
lars of its prospcrUy. 

The valley eilcnds from ihe Manic Diablo fbot- 
II* on to the LiYtrmore Pass and other grenl 
isscs which onon the way to StocklOn. Some 
y are twenty, thirty, and even 



ODBSELVES-A SPEGIA1 HOTICE. 

The umliirbrncd, tb<i oriqinal nod pmnnt Editor 
r, ;,; r »f tbo Calipokoa Finur-n, feels called 
bmsIo V* ihe public not to mistake hit name for 
Mollier ..bleb is often before Ihe public. Harlot; .1- 
wit* b«n known aad AddreMed by many people nr 
fWmrf K.mn, and Mldoni l.j lii." lnilii.1 Iftii-r . !.• I'.tI 
adopted Ibil in all bis buiinosr. [or brerlly like, never 
BppoTicf; any 000 eauld make a mi«ako in lie mailer. 



JAKES L. L. F. WARTIKI 



Diseases among Sheep. 
Ik traveling among the various abeep-ranehei 
sud examining Ihe flack?, ire think tre can pole 
ant the cause of a coniiderablc portion at the dia 
sasc that among sheep-raisers is called »wi, bu 
in reality is the "mange," or what is less danger 
nna a indium irarry. It is the fame kind of din 
K>rlionofimm(<nn\ and i 



.-.v.,1 (!<,:, 



ease that afflicts a greai 
known by the moro fai 

Wcnnd among nearly all nor sheep-roi 
practice prerails of "corrals" foe 600, II 
sometimes a greater norober. Here for a 
season the sheep are nightly kept, and la 

veriaed sn that any mote of Lbe ebecp 
cloud of dnst lo rise and settle on the fleece. 
This dust of the maaorc ucrk; Into the wool and 
lies upon the skin, and being la its nature very 
strong, u (he weather grows warm and lbe sbeep 
beeotnc heated, It causes an Irrllalion which in- 



s 6nely put 



■ : are thickly pro.li 
ie the teak, when ia 






id dry and hi 



This fine dust worklog 
the IteUlag natil large 
d, aad by many popj -j\td 



I item is cltanlaita and 
and free air and shelter 
r of oi 



u Sheep -corrals can easily be kept cleanly, ni 
wlthfrofl. They shoold bo often covered wl ! 
some. A layer of straw once i week or Ofteat 
according to the number kept together, will r 
pay the cost and Irooble many times over. T 

wasted should be preserved. Sheep-raiiers w 



* Better 



a get it for 
in lbe yard or 



mil the quantity needs r 
ved. This mani 



made, is always valuable, and will repay Ihi 
maDy limca. By this course sheep will hi 
served clean, bo kept lo good health, their 
come stronger, the fleece when token off be 
more, and the slock-owncr have a beucr 
Let any one look at the Docks of sheep Ibul 
been kept in those dirty corrals after the 
wo have recently had, aod it would be dillic 
say whether they were the Marl lleiienn sh 
good American sheep. "We assert thai iho i 
. , when brought 



forty miles 



nd ton 






ng Hay ward's Hotel, Son Lorneso (one 
iflhc best country hotels in our State), a line 
■nnd leads through Ihe lofty hills (lbe best sheep- 
rroonds In the State), to Dougherty's Ranch. Mr. 
0. has one nf the largest slock ranches In this 
ioelinn, aad is connected with Mr. Martin, also a 
nrge stock-owner. The entire valley is filled with 
i lock-growers— many ve ry 1 nrgely e n gage d —m ds I I y 
-.boae who have lnng been residents. 0*ltle,«http 
ind horses cover this valley and the hilt-side* by" 
ibousnnds and lens nf thousands, sn that from 
svery point, whether yon are In the valley or on 
the mountain tap?, Iho vision lakes in li!crnlly,lbc 
thnusand bills." In uur recent trip, 
rains, the rich verdure, tb- opening 
Ic spread scenery, nil combined to 
if more than ordinary beauty. It 
irest pictures in our whole State, 
approximate 



.-:i-:.li:il 



Ibis gtcnt valley: 



.■.'■ir 



thousand bead of e!o 

many eases <rc are under the mark, aad there 

were other small reaches in tbo small valleys 
ing oat into this valley and in tbc bills that 

border it, to the amount, wo really believe, of r»!l 
ISO Hour. Pacheco, and other largo tracts 
liately contiguous to it, would swell the 



hroughwbi. 



II:.rt, 



rs the i 






ind Liver- 



It lake. 



The soil, in many places, 
ly composed of ita pshtlet, and for miles 
like the wash of thesbore. That it was 
lake there can he no «dnubt. lei the 
largest portion nf this great valley, and nil Ihe 



rich lr 



red wllh native 
11 the sweet iudig 



which will b< 



skin, 






Alamoda County — The Crops, Etc 
Wan a cheering light greets the vision, eve: 
from Ibis city, as we lonk acrnsa the Boy upon tb 
green hills of our neighboring but very rich Agri 
cnltural county. W~o may cull it one of the mas 
fertile and richest county in the State, 

Wa have recently passed over s good portion o 
it from the landing uf Iho steamers on the Oakland 
side, through Saa Antonio, San Lcnndro, San Lo- 
renio, Alvarado, Mission San Jose, aad over tin 
mountains and the great Amadur Volley, nnd'have 
visited many of the grain-farms, stock- ranches and 
otebnrds, nnd we find everywhere a cheerful 
upon the face of cultivators of the soil and thoso 
who have flocks nad herds. 



'esse that Is often taken Tor the rea£ or 
is a species of mange. Wo hope for the cridii am 
refit of our shoep-raleert, this plan will bo tried 
»« well ns for the humanity that is needed for thl, 



a the | 



fields, t 



crops, orchards and vineyards look so well before. 
Thurieb green of the ropidly growing grai 

' t a bounteous harvest; lbe trees are bursting 
Into bloom, promising the most abundant crop 
Sheep are increasing by thousands and ten 



Dairy Stock. 
Ws arc s*r» much surprised to sec a want of 
caro among lbe many dairymen who bavo fine 
stock, tho« too who bouse their cows at night. 
They permit their flock to lie down on the dirly 
floors, cold, wet, and very uncomfortable, when 
.perhaps, ihcro are many (tuu of straw lying In the 
fields rotting, or perhaps It may have bun burned 
to get rid or It- When wilt dairymen learn that 
the better they care for their slock, the warmer 
and more comfortable they real and sleep, Iho 
more milk and belter milk they will give. Hairy, 
eows, and all workiag-cattlo too, should bo cored 
i to card' them and rub 



them down di 



It would pay w 



daoyBantr, |, Bilh fc ^ of t , 



stock, nnd 



Rakoei vn LsASi—Weah attention to an ndver- 
tlsemcnt offering lol« ee „ Vlney.r,] und 0rcbor A. 
We g.ve the followi. E Jc,crip Uon| T,hlcb wHl 
«bow what they am, to any oae desiring such a 
placc= The Ranch Is siluoled on tho Stockton and 
llokelumao UiU road; besides the BMn ■ 



o, r ra 1 vv,eues 1 nl,ea [ i„g;pcar,cl,erry,„l umi 
apn.,01, nectarine, fig, pomegranate, currant, 
.irawberry. It is desired to lease this ft^ fo ; 
Ji term of years, upon shares, «lih a T |,,_ ^ 
havlrur B n , ho Bro0Dd , oitablB fi([(!(1 w , th T , n(( 
st possible lime. The T arly leasing 
'"•-— thereby enjoyi, ' 
» to heaarge. \ 



m have Immediali 

ie present crop, whlehnromis 

in Inroraiallon UTorable to tb 



bousand hill 








The Grape 


vinn shows 






a hillside, tb 


flowers h 






nd glory than the art of man c 




conceive- The Vis Inn eve 






bould make every heail 


glad, for never has 




husbandman bad such ca 


use for rejoicing osa 






Every spe 








, and Hop 


sits triumphant la e 


er 



Dairy Stock — Fiito Stock. 

It wilt bo remembered that at ihe Santo Clara 
County Agricultural Fair, Inst Fall, and also nt 
the Oakland Fair, In Iho Antumn, also, the Slcssn. 
Blncow Brothers cihibiled largo herds of vory 
fine dairy slock that attracted greot attention nnd 
won not only the first premiums on several 
classes, but universal admiration also. It has 
been our pleasure to see this stock lately and to 
examine It, nnd sec the rapid advance we are ma- 
king in this Slate. 

The herd of Robert BIncnw, Est)., of Gentet- 
villc, consists of about forty htad, (ill fine, nndmest 
of Ihem Very superior. Among the herd air. I), 
con name n good list of Pmidtnti, We think Sir. 
Blacow has made mare Presidents than any man 
In Ihn Onion. We saw Washington, Jefferson, 
Madison, Monroe, Jackson, nnd Franklin, hosides a 
goodly number of domes thai wero malhiri of 
Prcsldcots. Mr. Blocow deserves great credit fur 






s probably a 



vith a calf by h 
day, and another ei 



side, will give 



■e Umn 



Mr- Blocow has some of the finest stock for sale 
there is in our State. He recently sold some 
young heifers for S400 and SioO each. The young 
bulls Mndisou nnd Monroe are engaged nt S410 
and $500 each. Mr. Blncow showed us a fine al- 
falfa field of forty acres cuming up finely. Also, 
a Geld of red clover oV four acres. His grounds 
are well nnd strongly fenced, and be has good 
barns for stock. We wero highly gratified to sec 
Mr. B. among bis stock. They all seemed lo know 



nnl hnvir 
oi know, 






:rificd 



We ore grateful tn Mr. B. nnd his wife for their 
attentions, courtesies and boipitalilics, and wish 

John Blncow, Esq., has also about forty bend of 
fine Doihatn nnd select slock. "Favorite," a very 
eitro animal and seven nr eight young bulls of 
value, wilh other slock, make up n line herd. Mr. 
J. B. Is also, like Ms brother, well-skilled in 
stock-raising, and makes his business his pride. 
He recently sold tbrco young bulls for $350 eoch, 
and cows for $300 and $-100 Also graded slack for 
$150 each. Socb men in onr Statu are public 
benefactors for tbus introducing fine stock, and 
we tmsl such men will be amply rewarded after 
all the trials incident lo California life. 



Another Flock of Splendid Sheep. 

We call the attention nf nil Sbcep-ralsers lo the 
Advertisement of Messrs. Jones At Rockwell, which 
appears in our columns, this week. These gentle- 

1841, nnd they have been selecting, from time to 
lime, Ihe best Breeders everywhere. 

In 1855, ns will he seen, lliey purchased tbo en- 
tire Flockof Mr. Solomon W. Jewell, who then gave 
np lbe business to them, thus largely increasing 
their Flack in quality as welt as quantity. 

The present Importation of Messrs. Jones i 
Rockwell ia not large, but very select indeed. 
They have same of the best nnd finest-wnnlod 
Sheep yet shown in this Stntci this wc can provu 
by the samples in our possessiaa. 

These gentlemen will visit varinns parts uf the 
Slate, to show their Sheep; aad It will bo a fine 
opportunity for Shcep-raisere to sen these flne- 
wooled Sheep. Messrs. J. tc R. have done well in 
introducing this class or Sheep among us; fur wa 
have the evidence, from every source, that our 
State will soon bent the world In the character of 
Sheep raised here. We can raise larger aad hand- 
somer sheep, produce more wool nt n clip, and 
from a hundred owes, lhan any 









ir them. 



itaus BaissI— What former, g 
0WBr,orehardlst, or gardener, n 
Could they arrange anything 
if they had their own way! N y r slnet 
o been resident in California— and Ihot Is 
IS— havo wo seen a finer prospect for every 
of crop; never have Ihe grain and grass 
so finely, or Iho early vegetables given n 
.I!?".'"!?' N " W lel B™.""" 10 »" 'ho hearts 



oloov or (Jalipobhu — i The very 
lag history uf the Indians of Cali- 
'e have been publishing, ihonld re- 
n nrdlnory attention. The history 



ie FAimsn far 



<*Uau, Las 



—Whoever will 
nap of California and the map of the 
ill be struck with the resemblance 
euch^ other. We make meotloi 
Attention to ft, H [ B warthy si 



the finest wool In Iho world. 

We shall bs happy to show the Sheep aod sam- 
ples of the Wool to all who desire lo sen tbo 
spleudid Samples from the Sheep now nffercd fnr 
sale. Wo hapo Messrs. J. 4 R. will receive a kind 
reception from the S beep-growers, and make pros- 
perous sales, thus beaefiting our wholo State. 

We DOtice this fact in these finn Spanish Meri- 
nos: a soft silky teitore of pecullor benuly, 
being full of that oily sobslanee so indicative of 
pure blood, and ono or those evidences needed lo 
secure a good crass. Of tbo Gnu Spanish Merinos 
it is asserted lhat .they will give more Bad better 
wool to lha Bile-carcass, and at less cost of keep- 
ing, lhaa any other sheep In the-world. The cost 
of raising the Spanish Merinns is said to he much 
less than Ihe French. Wo have facls tn prove thai 
Sheep of HO pounds have clipped 21 pnnnd* of 
fine wool. This is caormous : yet we huvo facts tn 



Tna OAsxABn Ban.— Wo trust oar Legislature 
will take hold of this matter In right gnod earnest 
We see lhat a demand has beea made lo complete 
the work of cleoriog tho bar. Alter the expend- 
Itnre of tho sum of $1-1,000 raised by subscrlp- 
ton, it seems that $10,000 more is wanted. A 



pointed by tho Legislature, and send 
« nS in«r, with them, aad wo td«„ thn 
thorangh investigation ihay will abac 
present plan and announce lhat a pitr 
built out into deep waler aa tho only available 
lalcalion wilh the groat agrlcul- 
buuld be 



:r the Bay demands that Ihis yi 



weather, together ,i„ ,,. . ,.,. 

sbowe. will give maay pe„on, who bar. b, 
delayed In their pious, or who havo rmt yet b< 
ready, aa opportunity lo plant Irut, outu a 

. Own™ Hul^rhoso who have onnd ban .. 



t PnsBisrr Wkatiim.- 



VS* W' Cn ° weBlbDr ,oc Pint- 



's — Strawberries bavo ap. 



THo Pot Gulf. 
Ik our recent trip among the stock-ranches 
found a specimen of un "nniranl" which wc shall 
denominate thu "Pet Calf." Tho owner gavo 
the fill] history, and wo glvo It to show how it 
uablo animal may be totally ruined by pelting, 
it fully reminded us of many other crtaturti tl 
are spoiled by similar treatment. This cnir, when 
young, was ono of more than ordinary beauty, nnd 






nlse U 



i:il;c ,i 






vnln 



attach 

told us, ho was continually friJinn it until 
lniin.l hi in .elf giving il cuke nnd nil tho "tit hil 
usually offered lo pels. This cnlf was of Durhi 
breed wilh good jminiH, fine li'.-ml, line neck, bright 
glossy hide, a handsome deep-red heifer of fii 
limb and form perfect — sn was this animal win 
weaned. But by this constant feeding, this r 
pciited dosing, tile pet looked for this kind •</ fond 
only, and now in about uno year 
of this petting, this constant fe 
wilh food unnatural to animals, ' 



y way a 









by the rest of Ihe herd, thi 
dislike to it by goading it and running it an>a; 
from among them. We saw Ihis pnor despiso 
thing alone by ilself, crouching in one corner o 
the yard, so weak that it was obliged to get dowi 
upon its knees lo feed, Iho very hair worn off b] 
the habit of kneeling, and many deep marks of 
tbo horns of tho cotlle where it had t 
because of their dislike. And what 
owner of this "petted calf when we exl 
poor thing: / baer ipoittd a once very ve 
;,m.' t:<f '.,!■? /'^filing, nnd besides lost on animal that 
would haet bint iturtli $500. What a confessio 
for a itoek-raita, a man who should have know 
better. As wo looked upon this animal nnd sa 
what It might havo been if properly trained, w 
felt a keen sorrow. When we asked him wbnl I: 
could do with the ponr creature, ho said, "all 
can do is lo kill it," wc felt a relier, for its life wo 
a burden, for It were better oW than alict, nn 
so with much that we sec around us that is in bu 
man Term. They gave great promise in early lif 
but have been spoiled, ruined hy being "petted. 
How many patent are now doiug tbc same tiling 
hy their [orcly and beautiful children? How 
many are making of tliom the "petted cull"," one 
how many will havo lo mourn in coming yean 
that such a course has changed the original bean, 
lifnl boy nr girl into a pale, sickly, deformed crea- 
ture that must drag oat nn existence that is t 
curse to themselves nnd to others. 



New Stage Route to Mariposa. 

7% were much pleased, while on a trip acroi 

Amador Grout, in gning from Hnyvrnrd's, i 

—.i Lorenio, across the Stocklon route, to find t 

great an Interest felt for a new sloge rente froi 

Hoyward's, on by Llvcrmore's, up through lb 

■ pass,and on to Mariposa. Wc lesirn that 11 

diitante from San Anlnnio to Mariposa, 

--.j 110 nr 112 mites— about equal tn the distant 

from Stockton lo Mariposa. What a saving 

J he to our city, and those who desire to vis 

jreot Tosemlto would gain all Ihe distani 

from this to Stockton. By such a new route 

amount of travel and. business from Ihi 

great mining district would be brought lo or 

Will not such openings be made available 

Where arc tbo merchant, that want an increase < 

icss, and whore arc tho stage companies thi 

will first seise this route? A great business ca 

ho scoared, surely. Wu kno* of no better ma 

than Mr. Hnyward, of Hnyward's Hotel, lo slai 

-ich an enterprise; he has dona more to impro* 

e public roads in that vicinity Ihon any twenl 

en besides, in thnt aectinn. We ventare Iho as- 

rtion that Mr. H. will readily help liberally any 

ilerprise of this kind. It can he made n 

„.eut and profitable route, and of great i 

benefit. 



California Horses. 
Axiaauan California is a yaung Slate and bos 
ivea but a few years' alienlion to stoek-r.ii .ini-, 
ad very recently only to Ihe highest class of 
lock— Blood Hnrses— yet probably nu olherState 
in the Union bos made so rapid progress in rearing 
..illy splendid bursas as has our own favored 
State; aad could a public cxbibllinn of oil tbo 
horses und ihcir progeny bo made tho present 
. . we hove no doubt but that California could 
Show over sevek TiiaoBAKn homes, all of high 
inter Including the colts, nnd all of Improved 
ilnnd stock, und among ibem some as fine as 
to found in ony Slate or country. 



To Millwrights and MaohlDlata. 
Wh Invile attention to lha advertlsi 



arte need and prat 



in e 



Millwright who hoi recently 
possesses a. knowledge of machinery of great i 
mem to lha owners of flouring mills, nnd i 
with him drawings of vnluablo Impruvomc 
whereby n great saving of eipenso can be rt 
Ised, besides many other very Important e 

skHl^ilTV Sgn ^. iabi , R '° ava " '""""Ives of 
skill will do well to address him, a, r,,,,,, ,|„ : 
n ony shown us tve ftf | |, BhoD , d „ e 
roll known hut well employed. 



EniTons, Stddmts, Souowns, and all who 
and write during evening or night hours, sh 
bear in mind that the e!/c -,i 3 ht 1, a part of the 
ft* _ of every mortal, end thai without ooorf 
nght life loses half Its value. Let all who w 
proservo Iho eyn and keep It In full power see 
the instrument lhat supplies them with light , 
the .™ has been withdrawn from us is of ihe best 
kmd. The most desirable light yet Invented, Is 
'^ t° bo the Cual-Oll Light. Stabtouo 

paTera" or 1 m^^K T ""V" 7 be, "" ifo1 
PUresLkind If .«» ™,iJ l „ tmUM is 01 tho 






Tilt UlnaiBATIOS TIIU W»r — «r_ 

n r . t. " ™" lu " "■■*. — it e nr sen nl 
-Ur ZV" Und C ° W ' tb " ™ k < » -« P"til 
Used in l „ V "", Tfl, " nbl ° Doron H °"l "dv-er 
ho Dee L ,"""■ P ""'" 1B not h ^" wit 
a little study „iii raL'L'Vh *• F M "« P"'"". »n 
«j wiumnire ihem always familiar. 



Dlntvlot Agrlcul enrol Ccnvontion. 

The adjourned meeting of tho delegates of iho 
San Francisco Bay District Agricultural Conven- 
tion was hold nl the fjily Hall, Sun Jos6, on Wed- 
nesday lost, according lo announcement. From 
the Morning Reporter wc cop the doings or the 
Convention, as follows: 

Al len o'clock, a. h., the Convention was called 
to order. Win. Daniel:-, l'r. ■iilmi . .Tulin Centre, of 
Son Frnucisco, nad George P. Lnucks, of Cunlro 
Gosla, Vice President; and F. 1'. Fargo, of Alameda, 

The minules of last meeting were read nnd up. 
proved. 

A Committee, consisting of G. P. Lnucks, Juhn 
Gumming, and If. C. Melone, was appointed to re- 
port on order of business. 

JohnM. Jone= pffTniilrn CmU, H. D. McCob' " 



i. Clfir 



lllnek 



Tho Convent 
hour. Tho Committee 
following person* as m 

Alamda— Dr. H. Hal 



s Shlnr 



r. o. s 



I, R, Ilia 

lilh.Jnli 



f Monterey, 



.'. liar 



Beard, F. F. Fargo, 

Contra fo.to— Gtorge !•. l.niiife, II. H. Fassett, 
Nathaniel Jone.-, C. 1>. i; U iIlt, W Ilra.-lrrird, John M. 
Jones, J. M. Allen, Jubu T. O'Hricn, W. J. Caldwell 
and L. M. Bro 

Santa Ulan 

James F.Kennedy, H. C Melone. Coleman Younger! 
Jackson Lewis, II. T). MiCol.h, H. II. Wiucbell, 
James G. Cobb, and L. 11. Baseom. 

Maalrrty— Alfred Ed mens ton. 

San Malta— John Cnmming. 

San Fran ciico— Samuel Brunnnn, J. 
J. A. McDougnl, Miclmcl Duvs, W. A 
W. Green, J. L. Sanford, J. L. fiurti 
Cenler. 

The Report of the Committee was adopted. 

Tho delegates present from any coonty i 
allowed lo cast Ihe wholo vote of the county. 

Letters from A. H. Myers and Dr. Robe were 



. Walker, 
oodward, 
and Jnhn 



d pluc 



n Gig. 



reryhody present was tlieo inviled to partici- 
pnle in Iho proceedings of the Convention. 

draft n constitution and by-laws, reported. 

The subject of ml r>pi inn .i . i:ii.:iiiritinn was taken 
np, and Iho draft proposed by tho committee, dis- 
cussed nl great lenglb. 

n-'/V,-.!,',,,, «'m.Ur,-,Ti 'in.lVVm.WadswoHD, 

Jf.-iWrtrv—Fnink F. Fnrgo, of Alameda. 
Treasurer— Charles 11. [J.-ind. of San Francisco. 
a Cenler, llichncl Hayes, and F.A. 

_.._icsL. Bnrtis, 
San Frnnciscn; John Cummings, San Maleo; Wm. 
Reynolds, Sunlo Clara; Wm. S. Slocom, Soula 
Crui; Georgu W. Crane, Monlerer; J. Lewcllidg, 

Alaiu-.iii: Nurhiifii.l ."iheil ,:, i',,nlra Costa. 



Tin -.Ini following. 

At a late hour, the S.iu Francisco Bay District 
Agricultural Society udjoorued. 



More Vnl ii,i bit- Stock. 
Tust I'Sonora" brought to California a splendid 
bright bay stallion about four years old, n de- 
scendant of the famous trotting stallion "Ethan 
Allen." This fine animal was raised in Kentucky. 
Two very valuable "jacks" also ciime, owned by 
Mr. Show. Another Bock of about thirty French 
Merino Sheep from tbe Bingham flocks of Ytf 
mont, came to S. Branmin, Ejq. Messrs. Jones & 



i=b Meri 



-liiLjMlie tin. 



impoi 



SAtEO^THKFAiionsDKnuAiillTjLi,,— Thstsplen. 
Durham Bull "Burl Ihe Fourth," that has recently 
been exhibited nt the Black Duwk Stable, and 
owned by J. D. Patterson, of Sew York, was re- 
cently sold lo Capt. J. B. Frisblo, of Vallejo, to bs 
taken to Solano county. Price paid, SJ,0u0. Thai 
we have scoured to our Slate this line animal— en 
honor lo tbc purchaser as well ns tho seller, and 1 
great honor to our Stale to possess so fine a breeder. 



Siaoe Line io Cahsos Valley.— Dillon A; Co., 
lago proprietors, of Stockton, have purchuscd the 
ccessary stuck fnr a stage line between that eltj 
nd Carson Vulluy. Tbo line will be placed upon 
ie road nt the earliest mora.jLt |nii.-iblo, accord- 



Tni Lawtos Blackdiuuv.— There is probably no 
fruit grown lhat will pay so well as Ihe Lawton 
Blackberry. Onco established, and il is a pereptoal 
crop, and olmosl without labor. Ont ant of this 
will easily yield Si,S00_rcporU from the 



o plant tho Vino 



Now is the 






o Expobitob, No, 3 Wo hove received 

rk. II is, as usual, replete with solid 
is is always expected from one who wields 
i pen its Dr. Scoll. 



St. PiTniCK'sDaT, the 17th, was duly celebrated 
this eity, on Saturday lost. The different Asteris- 
ms or those hailing from Krl 
•lion, with tbo usual banners and badges and marched 
Buss' Garden, 
.ins and other 
balls sod ill mi 



Same. 



•, the effigy 



il. 111... «jv|y ,,. 

i:*[1j mil,. 



rtaf laoasj 
SI. Patridn 
en'reuorS 
tin Ihe paUi 



whleh 

thonburnl. ___ 

tag 01.1 Ubcrtr l',,|,„ ,,„.| i.., ii„. ,.,,„„,., ...i;..., ..]■-■<'■ 
eral citltenB, lbe break itm 'nun. I, ,1 U,,. |,.,t, .Jus, nS-J 
''-<■"- "l:-IH. Hi.. ,..,[,, „[,], ,! [,„.. i,„ I,.,,;,,:, I. ,..-' 

i''.:.=.rlj ...i.,i ; ,„„| fi, Ainerinao Plug hoU'A 
Tub first Overland "Pony Einres.^" is ndverllSvd 



■ii \t. f.t i i .. , .. , , .i 

otter, thirteen day-, and H,e eh n r e » tor Jaeh it «™ 
lollara. This is ono of tho inu.t important enterprU* 
if Iba day, and no h.ii,™ will bg ]iropvrly encouraged. 

Tnlnnble Hnn'e Eggs. 

A raw dosco eggs of iho Drahmn Pootreh »' 

Black Poland varieties, can be hud by npplying W 



THE OALIFOENIA F ARMER. 



45 



STATE SUMMARY. 

Ar Sin J=«, raj-s Iho Reporter or the 19tb : Wo s- 
laal lliii peach end pcar-ims art now in glorious bloc 

«f,d lb*? present a loTeiy ulRht 

Tot Sacramento rirer ha= risen ten feet above 1"' 
mm null, during «» week. Tie ™ <"»"" 
mating Ibe 'new in the miunlaln Is Ibe ruppow! «' 



Pa is on cur or Cmwoiwu. — This rcvcrcnc 

Cnlrary Church. II w opened with e iermmi by Ihi 
Rev. Frederic. Bud, the rcllrinc Moderator. The llov. 
Williams, war circled Moderator for Ihe earning 
wd Hot. A. W. Lonmia, Cleric Tbe inkrots ur 

The" reports Irom tbo cliurebes y,,n LijEhly euconn 
"is Her. lit. Scott. iur minister, end June* B. lie 



Jl rein of coal b» l*en found near lone CUT, Am 
dor eonnlj-, lay. Ihc Calarcraa Chronicle B i> "' 
feat to thickness, and of as good qualitr *i the be 
Pcsnejleinii cool. 

In Mariposa GaacUa .ayst Ir ihc Ufiisl.ln™ t 



tenjerterd.rftrFrc.no Ci^. Tbo Vlsalia T, a H 
an! bwoiiful beat, and 'be Republican doubt! n. 



wbirh grew on tbe side of n gulch, two miles west of 
Sonoma. I" be mm u r l»j the n 



^^b oppo^tien line of oociQ-iItuien, i t ii uld, will be 
aUHcd by .Mr. Wright, on bit own hook, either on Ibi 
Soil. .,1 Afril, -m fid, of Ma*. The nermann Ii no. 






thelr possession, iliil they are highly elated with lie 
prospect. 



ccted Iwo. The 
,j both panics, and of course reccirod all Ibo roles cul 
nadebj 



FRENCH AND SPANISH 
gfMERINOS.gf 

The Undenlevtd, hiring lenr been established aa 
icop breeders In iho Stale of Vermont, deiiro to an- 
lometo the wtnUra-erlof California, Ibo arrival of 
VERY SELECT FLOCK or FRENCH ind SPAHI3H 
[ERINO DUCKS and EWES, of lie VERY IHO BEST 
BLOOD. 

Burins been breodine Merino ihoen since the rear 
1H-1, and h n .in c rcooiicj Ibo Uc.t lirnd.sfi.iin 16; llr.l 

[■I ■.■,!;, in i:ui. |t. C r ili„ «|-rt.-" i-uj-i ■■! lT,-.:li„.:. 

lulbcliuuibcr of hundreds, (hoy foci confident Iho f can 
tpeiilntT.ronglerui.or lie dock: nowutTcred by lie to 
to t&j surer, raider, of Ink Sun. 
Tbe Underlined hire only In ask list purchasers 

EVUKV ANIMAL SOLD CAN DE FULLY 

GUARANTEED TO BE OE PTJEE BLOOD. 

Thcj feel that [hoj only need to copy from a raluablo 
work, recently imMuhid (An liMu-icai Action- 1 vi" 
Addison county-. Vermont, u place lung f-jtnoua ror finr- 

: ] '. ih«c Then ealracU ire tircu lo rbun tbe 
irieinof ihe sheen: 

' Hum Jones & Rockwell, since their connection, 
hare been eminently luccci-ful. In ISii. suing in io- 
lulled am>l I otto as iw French Sheep, "-hicb hid been 

■ ■■ .'■■■...■. ... : I ,. 

■ ; ",M:' ■■,' !'!!■ 

■ -[■■>■■■■ i ■ .:.-r.,l ,. ;, ■: .i ... ■:.. ,,,. ., 
l5S5,iiCcn thi. mroriujllon bbj couuiunlcotca, tboir 



Tdl Creseeot Citj 



ieh In same p.rli or the world is much longht niter 



,ui..ut,icJio!«:4i.tiiO Their floclui on 



IVIIIiau R Sonford, Eiq., or Orwell, and Mem 

luujiJ :n,d i;.j.,li. Unmuioud, of Jliddlebnry.lia- 



Tnn JIarij.'.so. Oiiotl* or thc20th eajir Onu aid 
grain never, rte think, looked boiler at Ihli Mason lhan 
at present, nbcrcl holf-rmilfbcd cows and bunged-up 
hones lauglt cicccdlcclr. Tbo donkcyi held aquarlcrlj 

psebi I'o'^h and nlmond-lroes are bunting Into 

Uoom, in many fli.-^. In Ibi. vi-ioi.y, Il ii loo enrlj, 



reslor. 



terc 


(0 


learn tba 


Iho 


mall 


stage line, between 












di.contlnued. The 


















Still, it i? 


aid 


then 


Iho travel orer the 




en 


d par ell 


be oipeo 


e> apd yield nrer 




1 










will 


be 


circulated 


nno 


largely figned, aiking a 




1 


he lino. 









on tv, >er. the Independent or fie I7lh 
i laat tight or ten dart, what with 



httlro. Thopeach, almond, nectarine, cherry, plnm a 
land; the bill* and vales are croon aa tio sea. with hi 

Urn] I ] ■::,!■ 1 iitluJi tie iuutucm oon"^ ,nS ™ 



Tno Plncen'illo Democrat of 10th Mnreb rematki 

for the Waihoe digging!. Tbo tlrecU of PlaoeT- 
arc rr.mdcd iriita itrangen, and Iho siagei' from 
robjota rlnilj arrive Itiaded down with mere, all eager 



__ emigrant!. Lu fttv days, snyi tbo Domocmt, If tbo 
pre*-ol pleasanTwoatbcr enntinue', il:t r.'.id -111 tvlr.. ; 
^&" nbitnjcUoni and In good traveling order. 

TflOlnr™ county, on tbe Sonon road, near lie Pbilo- 
aoipbia Uunv, by J. Spier i Co. Tbo Courier Mji ! 
XU working eoj^Lcity Bill enable St lo tttm out 100 bar- 



Ung apparalui, complete, nod 



>e K r../.,:,l,qr,-.-, 1 n.l ■„ „ 

neeese. Tbe ofl.-ti will !,:■ i 



aired from lie T. C. 1 



ii, In tie valleyi of the Merced, Tu< 
i valley, vtbich is now brought np be 



■mUicdi bocu bettor than 



o present opting. Thai 



o roll and winter cameo" tie g 



S:;:::,;;:.1S'C;tS„rtf-' 

renerallv „,-] f„r lrri K ,iti..u .luring Ibo .In- „', rl 'J .. 
Iliniui-.:. ,.,11. ;,:,..lv 1,, ,,.:-: j., .) „l ..11 [1,1," .. x ..„ 1 _ .... 



i'o' 1 ^,: '; " ;"": f '"■■■■ 1 " 1 ' it "- °Tbe time i. notV"dY.T 

*7 •"* a E r,cun ar al portion In CaUfomla.; 



lltummaad, Esq Thor 



,«llcd Into Connecticut in ISji.o,.,! ,(„. ,],;.. ,,1,1-1 
tVill.amJarri! r E. l ,.lbon Amoricac Consul in Snain 
mjuitod in IHeJ, IfjIO, end IStl These tbey crcatl 

Tno best buck or W'.R.Sonrord.Eaq., alluded la abov. 

la W.™ "id « ", Ssto.1 l!i, ™i"', V '''" '■"'' 



?e"e" : u*tbe'o U ' U in ""V *"""■*'• awl , . h " lben "' «*"« 



nr'.'LLIti* 1 ' ^™™"«P' '"'tnrone, for lie purpose 

;'.!;■■'■■ '-- ';'■' -^'l^l----. In France be |iurchi,cJ, at 

,',■'■. ■,'■';,-; ' '■'■ : '- : - i ■■■■-'" Ii- 1 i,---- ,M,-. 

■ •■" '■ ' ■ !■■;■ Ir.Tii ilic ,:(,v.-ri,„,„, 1] ? k at Raro- 
uaODsu ■ Jjuari "h 10 ^ 10 tna Sft "™ ^ < " ,n11 
-.:,.. ['"demgncd nurchased of Mr. Eolernaa 
brecuo7'o whom* u" P '" h" ™ UMi * B,d " * ' b "l' 
Dock, th.n on band, aV™i -fiO -bee'p. 111 an l d■ Ihef-™"™ 
' > i ; r Iu?ubVi,' 1 c ? a ? U "' U * "W* la a ° buslncr,. 

.he« anifon-er [?" ^ Bta *°«"Klnnd to eihU.ll Heir 
difirletiiof tbo State, and they ".ill be'tapra 



nio, ana tnoy will bo baipy t< 
rflbMnialwnlaUitti 



roTLetters addreucd to ui .1 
? e In aj^ and .III be promptly on 
i. D. We are permitted ,„ re i 



so, will 



EV. DR PECK, x , 

-LEY. DE. TllRAI.L ,-.u Fr.ncb™ 

K'-.i-Lll-LIJ, ,i CUV t: i' a'clSef T " 

it [, =HAI J'l.i; ■;., ~,.. u ')- r , 

C0 .b. WAHKKH.&Jhor F,n-ra -bo can ,hnw on 



Fine Vineyard and Orchard; 
^T O LEAS E.g£ 



• '■ ,:,',■(. [i. , 



'eara. A MOUNTA1H 



'I '■',,■' ,- .-:,0 



WANTED TO BE KNOWN 

■A.f=t O, lwIlil--VV7"a7lBJtLti. 

T/'l^e^er.lg.ed would raprnfully ■obeolt for lie con- 



lookaiJou. ciluwiina ,11 po,io; U |„. 
S" tclfcii Wdnased \V. W.u«lleftu 



BERKSHIRE SWINE. 

rpllllEE njEL-FII.OOD DEitKSIllllE nnien ... 

1 Til-- -" HJI.i, III 
crtr,J fay ili'.< tl,,-,, Ei. ;„.,.:„: l'.;,..„. ,,.,;.„... t „' jTareri.Ci 



L. HASKaELL, & CO. 
^•wg HIDES, TALLOW, .Pf^ 

WOOL, PTJBS, A.KTT) t3E:il>J-S, 

riUUtllFAL OFFICE, 

On Dana ILUM, betwaen Cilllornla and Pine, 

EAM PIIABCIBCO, 



Important to Stock Raisers! 

g GRE ^' SALE l]f f 

THOROUGH-BRED CATTLE: 

K» JB3 "W «C>» IK e^o 
Till RS1> AV, - - - April 19III, 1S60, 

AT FISH'S STABLE, 

FINE STREET, 

SALE OF D EVO N CATTLE. 

Twelve Devon Bulls, Cows, and Calves, 

THOROTTOEC-BHB13. 

Imported and Raise d by CHARLES A. ELY, 

Esq., Lorain County, Ohio. 
Thf rithi Sale In Catlfornla 

OF 

PURE DEVON CATTLE ! 







oowg A.isrr) xxetfexis. 



,!„;,•. 1,-lT . I, £.J:,.n, Lvly (el-,. ,:r. t.^-.i„, lJ.-v.-i, <0>-. 
I 11.I-- M.I.I.V-I-..I.-.-, I-.!.:., 11 II.',!,. I-',; ,|,,-. Wii.r.- 
■Icitr; ^ or--. nii|,^:i"'l Mi^s n ' J J'i d,ro, Dciic--- 




JAS. K. WA1KWR1UHT A Co., 

AUL-TIONEEIttl. 



AUCTION SALE 

JOHN C. A BELL'S, 

OOT7HT SI.OO^, 
OS. 1B8 AMD 1S4 CLAY STIIEET, 

CARPETS, 

OIL, CLOTHS, 

WINDOW SHADES, ETO. 



Ctrjieu, Oil Clmcj, Pi 
tllt.',^', L TV lir.'lJs, m me IOH-n,t . 

r-.v.' ,l,l.i S|irliijj Gooda 



-.fr'ijH! 1 eiaiaino our reccvl bnpon,rioo< of H0QB AND 

t..Mil-Ki .- .nit .:'..■ I ,.- r;,,,!,,;,,,. ,...i ;,',.,, y..„'„ j.,.. ,., iLl 

mlod ;tui[ I *m dcccrmlELeJ tosi-lfeooli lower Itiia any olaer 
Call and crnoiln.- ruv 1. - 1.1 i. L .i,-i,. Clotbi. Ilnaa. 
fibade., *e., ondjudjo l6r jnurselrcs. 

Carpet. CJ,--tli, Shade, and Upholstery Wurchumc, L'o-jri 



LaiiicK' DrGHH TrlmmlD°jii, 

HOSIER-Z, TTITJOEK-I.IlsrEirir, 

HOOP SKIRT 8 , 

And erory article ror Ltulict 1 and Chlldnn'i n;o. 



144 Surunenlo itreet. above Slonliomery. 

Pacific Fringe Sinn n factory 1 1 1 

DEESS THIMMIHQS CORDS, 

GIRDLES, TASSELS, * 

Constantly on band ud made to ordgi 



W. K. V-AINT3ERSLICE, 



v. 



SlX-C-eBl— Ta7\r«-a?©. ■■ 

lai.WABHINUTON ST, 



Tea Beti, Pliebe 


n, Walien, Cope, etc., made to order 


S, B. Repaltlna promptly attended to. 


«MS 


J_) thit the (irm ol HULL. KHilip 4 


HEREBY GIVEN 














tetSStanw^ao™' 


Jl'™; |, „"* 1 nJ 




Ilrm,«.|llpleaseprB.en 


them IcamodUicly 












''•wPumf™ 










J. E. KHAr". 



rllfiiiil, atanb 
BaiW PHtal-3UCCEaaORH TO DOLL, KHAPP 

;■"'■'" ','■:-'■< .' % 'i.";!'' ! "".','-' : .:." 

•mo auJ sijle „, KB '.,-;■. ■-. ,,...: | ,-„ > 1 " OIB "" 

J. II KHAPP, 
H. 8. UOltHELI,. 






COAL-OIL LAMPS ! 

1,200 DOZEN 
CO AL- OIL LAM PSI 

Deitz's Unrivaled Burner; 

Most simple, Convenient, and Economical 
Lamp in me, 

JTJBT R130EIVED, 
EX 

EMILY FAES0M, SUMATRA, NOON- 
DAY, PANTHER, NAPIER, 
AND BY EXPRESS. 

OHANDELIEBS, 
For CHURCHES and PUBLIC HALLS, 

LANTERNS, 

FOR QDARTZ-MILIS, SAW-UILLS, lTnARVES, 
STABLES, IK.-TELi, dk n &u. 

HAND LAMPS, 

PARLOR LAMPS, 

SUSPENSION LAMPS, 
SIDE LAMPS, 

KITCHEN LAMPS, 
BILLIARD LAMPS. 

PRICES LOWER 

VlLaia Evor Before. 

FOR SALE IN LOTS 

TO SUIT THE TRADE. 

Corner Front and California Hired s. 

HET^a-II, STOH.ES: 
STANFORU BROTHERS. 



BANKERS, ETC. 

PIOCHE 8s BAYERQUE, 
AGENTS AND BANKERS, 

Montcomery Street, Corner of Jackson, 
SAN FRANCISCO. 



Ii. c. oFPBnii*N, 

I.Li IH THE PR1HCIPAL CITIES OF— 

IphvuaeiA, 
HI) LI, AND, 
PPAIN, 
Etc,Eto, 

at filed periods nvjiittilr, oo.rrorlv. or olberwUe— In the 
Uinilln or doposllur. in [lie I'ltlNCil'AL CITIES or Europe. 

3>T O T_I OK. 

IfiVESTHEMX OF SMALL CAPITALS, 3 AVIFQ3, Ebg. 






Oil and Camphene Works 
HAVE REMOVED 

TO THE SPACIOUS STORE AT THE CORKER 

OF CALIFORNIA D FRONT STREET?, 

mem lhor offer tor tale 

The Most Extensive Assortment of 
B-«jii-aaL±ri.s Materialis, 

AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES. 

STANFORD BROTHERS, 
FaoIBo Oil and Catnpaona YTorki, 

Conor or Front ud California atreeti. 



SPERM OIL. 

(l r 2 '°¥ OALMNS WINTER BPERM OIX, 

llrromNowUedroH. e. "Prlrnu Donna" 

I 5.0CV Qallon, SPERM OIL, from Honololo, 

STANFORD BR0THRR3, 
TnelOo Oil and Camphena Worki, 

Coiner of Front and California strco hi. 



LARD OIL. 
(i(\[\ GALLONS LARD OIL, o. "Bon Qnljnlo" 
l3w 7l» " ii " Bhak U " k " A- "parlor nrtlolo al 

3,000 GALLONS LARD OIL, In birnlt ud eaiei, nl 
ONE DOLLAR PER GALLON. 

STANFORD BR0TUEHS, 
I'nclCti OH and Camnhons Worki 

Corner of Front and Callforarr. ilroabj. 



POLAR OIL. 

812,000 GALLONS POLAR OIL, u "Malta- 
uSaoJ* ^' " "" "°P ort " IInl0 

6,000 GALLONS POLAR OIL, from Urn Southern coaat, 
In bamliandcMei,atFIFTs- CENTS PER HALLOS. 
1 'or pak by 

STANFORD BROTHERS, 
Pacific Oil and Camphena Woraa, 

Conor of Front and California it reels. 



COAL O I L. ■ 

10 000 °, ALL0 I NS AUSTEN'S CELEBRATED 

I GALLONS BOSTON COAL OIL, ud othot 

btandi, at 81 25 PER GALLON. 
ForuleltT 

STANFORD BROTHERS, 
PuIOe Oil and Oamphena Worki, 

Cotoor of Front and California .tree!.. 



CAMPHENE. 

Harlnr a nit] u- i tl, a oapaeltT of mora (bun 

2,000 Gallons Every Twenty-Four Hours, 

We can sail 

CamrnoDoor a Better Quality, 

LOWER PRICES 

Than uy other ailabllahragnt on Uta Puiflo CouL 

iLarue sales and Small Profita" 

Will be the ml; of OKI house. 

STANFORD BROTHERS, 
Purine Oil ami Camphena Works. 
■ Oimir of From ud California atraaut. 



CMe»uf S.o Fr.ir>-1 ■-.. . ■ M.i ". ill.-, ftin Joic. CIC." 



PiOCllE St BAYtiiulJE. 



MARK BRUMAGIM & CO., 

8AN FEaKCHBOO CAMFOBSIA, 

Sight Bills 

Bank of Conuneroe, Boston, 

SIGHT AND TIME BILLS 

American Exchange Bank, New York, 

Available in the Principal Cities of tbo Union ud 



LAWRENCE & HOUSEWORTH, 

OPTICI^ZlSTS 
No. ITT Clay Street, 



GOLD, SILVEE, AND STEEL 

Spectacles, 

With Ibe best goalltj of Glasaca, and Ibo colebebnled' 

BRAZILIAN PEBBLES. 

Open Glsuuea, gfapTiello Mnchlnta, 

■ Spysjluaea, Drawing lualrnmente, 

STEREOSCOPES AND VIEWS, ETO. 
Direct Imiwrterw nf Joaeiih Roil gen tt Bona, 

Pocket-knives, Razors, Soissors, &o 

KT 11 LASSES Oiled In Frames, and REPAIRS 
nnatlrdono. g 



Bees, Bee-hives, Honey! 

REV. L. L. LANGSTBOTH'S 
MOVABLE -COMB HIVE1 

HIRAM HAMILTON, of 8AHTA CLABA, 

APIARIST AND AGENT 

For tno nbovo nnmed Pnletit Hive, for Cnlifbrnin, 

Oregon nnd Wnsbinglon. 

■oT Panoni wlihlnr can obtain Indirldnal RIGHTa 
within anld States nnd Territory by tendiru: *2S, bj 
Wolb), Fnrgn ud Co.'i Eiprtu, to ibe udenimed. 
HIRAM HAMILTON 

SuUCtnta, Fob 15,1660. 2.3„- 



MAIN & WINCHESTER, 

ItTJi.ia-rjE'A.OTTJREjas 
Wm and Importanof /*t-A 

' HARNESS, * lt » 

S addles, ^rlcaies,. 

WHIPS, COLLARS, 
SADDLE-WARE, &C. 

No. 82 Battery street, 

Between Lour Whirf and Surunonto Ureal, 
SAIf FBAyCISCO. 



N.B.-Rop 



?Rp"!!r,&i&^ a «>i*»<>>i 



.... C0NC0BD* 'sTAl'lii' TlAKKESSEsT^STAGH 
STOGIES, nnd LASUKS, of the best nunllly, c onil«,u*. 



Bryanl lull- Loni. LHUe. 

J, BRYANT HILI, & CO., 

C0MMIS5ION DEiLEHS AND TOBBERB IN 

jgtFRUITS, BUTTER.I,^ 
^C CHEESE, 3^ 
POULTRY, ECCS, ETC., ETC. 
Sob. 68 ana 65> Hen hunt .street, | 

Between Uonlremety and Sannma itreoti, 



it, Maryirllloi Ooo C- '• Hotcblntoi,, 
. Palmer, Dr. Halle, Alameda , CuUer 
•.Fallon, tain Jim i W. F. White, 



4( L 

faints' Jptprtintut. 

LIZZIE WO.BT WABSEN, W D EDI TBES: 

Tea and Coffee. 



ait delusions which seem to sure taken posse 
dissipation Ip their wildest and worst forms. 



horted broadcast, without nn investigation t 
premises of such a conclnsion. Ope tiipdtut 
principle Jin the icieaco ol physiology, "tb 



puled to — Its presence tbero causes no increased 

ing and poisonous substance, and by this increased 
energy too food for thai time is digested, sin-ays 
learing tlie organ ip a weaker condition than irhen 
it was taken, tf some one should sborel a tun of 
retail:- mat let Into jour cellar, and yon have 10 
shovel it out to set rid of it, would lbc_acliou be 
on lit part of the mailer, or on you? TTc uuiue- 
thel ilic action would be wholly on yonr pari, 
while the mailer would remain, rurnpltli-ly imui- 
male; and, no doubt, jour vital mergics would 
be very ranch tsied Had materially weakened, if 
ion hud already completed your day's wurk, and 
had tiled np all the vital powers you had to spare. 
A reader ol the Fibmec wishes to know why we 
published be ankle of thai kind, girleg persons 
who want a plausible cieuso for using Ico and cof- 
fee, free license to indulge in those beverages, to 
Ibeextealof I heir capacity of nnr?csr,nd stomachs? 
We can only say that [I naa not iu "our Depart- 

laneons Department." 

The fundamental principle on which Ibis delu- 
sion of stimulants rests, is: 1st, The [,lr,.-iulu;;i<:.-.l 
capability of the homnn body to adapt itself, by 
depravity, so perfectly to the action of the most 
baneful tubstanccj, that it will manifest no Immc- 
dinlt symptoms of the poisonous effects ol auch 
substances; 3d, The stimulation produced by even 
the most deadly poisons to which the system is 

acaswith tho natural and healthy physiological 
stimulation of the body, and Is enjoyed in propor- 
portion lo the phyriohjgic.il .k-|ire.-iioa which it 

Closes; 3d, Tho use. of tea and cofTeo is com- 
menced at so early a period in life— they are first 
used in such small quantities, and so gradually 
increascd, and the physiological powers of tho 
body are depraved by such imperceptible degrees- 
thai those violent Bud distressing symptoms 
which indicate the Immediate actions of a power- 
ful poison, very rarely if ever result from the 
habitual use of those substances. The consequei 
is, that ihe depraved appetite which they crei 
the physiological depression and the demand 
atimulaUou which Ihey cause, and the grateful 



VHE OALIFO BNIA jT 



^_E,MEE. 



the 



■o then 



proportion to the freedom with 
which they arc used, and with cqunl confidence 
belion they are perfectly ealulory cnrdlalsand 
dispcnsablj necessary to comfort Bnd health. 1 

cofTee or lea were taken at Ibe Erjl time, eithtr by 
a youlb or full-grown person of a healthy 
depraved body, iho violent and disiri 
oold inevitably 



g JJnip- 



wuuld leave 



if the 



':li:iri!Llti 



voiltd quite eatenslvcly that green tea ii more 
hurtful than block, Ob account of the former being 
cured on copper; but tliio Is wh„]y Iaco™ e t, 
Green and black leas are varieties of the 
Plant; aud Ihe only reason why green LTl 
somewhat more active and powerful poison in thai 
it* natural prop,: riles , lt , I.... imp.ir,,! I.y th,' „ ru . 
cess of cnrlng. We are informed, hove,. . h, ,, 
since 1933, a large proportion of (be green tea im- 
ported into the' United Stales has been manage. 
Wrcd from damaged blnck, by a process in which a 
small quantity of Prussian-blue is used; yei w it u 
this addition, the tea thus inanufnctorod is not 
more injurious or poisonous Ihan the genuine 
green tea of ihe be*t quality. But in regard to 
tea and coifce, as of all other intoxicating (ub. 



the use lo something 
tic* of the eulisun 
g how onrly in life 

tfthedi.,tof child, 
«ly they are used by 
1 g"«ly to be doubted 
aresenl actually doing 



high temper; 

o..i...„. e 

traedoo vi,i 



u.ed, haslba , anie 
apiura and olcobol- 
itroy all the pbys. f 



Now lie blo'iines God has given 

Will D-rcruml.il! nor depart; 
All the world csmbiiied lagttlier. 



This is why our Lord c« 



I was walking tad and lonely. 

In th, mt.tuaehtJj night. 
l t .irD,n k .r..ril^lri,i,.||j- shelter, 

Cheered with warmth, and love, and light. 



U, tho £,«,'. /urn- -ii 10 „,. ri j, 
Llkoa rricnJly light ____, r . 

Saylhatilwaoiliai and changefi 
And uncertain to the ayes ■ 

Xorrol, it was all the glimmer 
I could tee beneath the ikiei 

That I fallowed It .o earcleas. 



And I wandered on, and onward 
T«™ B ta' BB || B tt OOBra ,_. ra ,W 

Till my needier, .tcp, had led mo 
To the longlcd ___„,_, aad , llltlg J_ 

Mjught but thorns to .a||_ _,,,,,„ . 
Flickcrus; faintly In Ihe distance, 

turn at last the light waino.e/ 
Tboa the storm can 

Driven by the hi 









i chlliim 



igfait. 



Earth has never yet afforded 

Only thoH iwh'o "IWa'for^oinalblng," 
Drink Ihe draneht of p,rf«t jcr/l 

T Mkn °U Ti ?*l "™ f0r noUl ' OS ; 
Shoeld be cumber thoTlho earth? 
ff gJJ°5 In life', laugled mar.be. 

That from faith an j imsUa,. So „ 
WllbaelUtcrtoggol^bo^ 
^■^""^"-■upBail, 



is beating round 
Totmy cli.ll.ei! 
id In BHpplDg, 



:e from lion 



WHEELER & WILSON'S 

FIRST PREMIUM 
iet. ,m. hi v :*.* ~w 

S E W I N C 

M .A. CHINES! 

AT 
REDUCED RATES I 

.vad Ihe commenda 



thou^bl proj-r to -lal- ouropinion of [hcra in ihi- | ii(.li.: 

™ 7 °°hoWheoter"°n^J Q .llrr D "fiieturUK''' ; ' : ' 
Si llro.dw.y, and we can .oj in reoir.l r- ir. ih.,1 ,r ji 
• ilhootari.nl Hi. .|u,i.:..-,i..-.i..-.iK |.ur -M ■ < or.i-.-r. 
:. rl I. in i-.ir,! -f .■lVc:li«n.:::..nnl fini.h.no other Mochino 
flonda Bhonil of U. «"„ .lata thii much In n-.irl I., the 



The Highest Premium Were Awarded 
THESE MACHINES 



orsoy Stale Fair, 
a Srato Fair, 

■an Statu Fair, 
• y State Fair, 


IllinolsSlalaFair, 
New York Stale Fair, 
Maryland Slalo Fair. 
Wisconsin Stale Fair, 
Pennsylvania Siaio Fa 
Indiana State Fair, 


CALIEOBinA 


STATE FAIR, 


oFair, SL Louis Fa 
Fai 


r, Richmond Fair, IlalU 



EVERY KIND OF SEWING 
wiiwiff &. trilaon'tt MaclUne! 

:>SV. alAOBINB DOES THE WOVM'. 



Amontlho undonblcd odrantoeesof IVIIEELEU 4 
WILSON'S Sa«ini MaeUoes are : 

™— DorabilUr. ™" D S™ Dn «n nee o ropa r. 
3— tnei.mpled ooj-o and rapidity of operation. 

B— Beauty of Hitch and DrmnoMof seam. 
6— Eeoaomjof thread. 

1— A[p|Ll!eabUlty to. variety of |iurro>e! and materials 

They are applicable toer«ry kind of !ta ) af for r.imllr 

■ear, framlh.llilittilBiu.linst,, the heaviest cloths It 

'"'■" ! . , "f. , "; ll ( 7 = : rlS '"'' Lin tn, Woolen, ood Cotton 

maLinK'holtonbolo.t ("leSo^o tultiin"an C lh" r il* 
J f ,v ™^ r s l , l ,u aneei ore rurnished for rorulatinc the width 

MACHINE WARRANTED 

ThrflBd, Silk, ate, Constantly on Hand. 

Jj g-0. HAVDEtT, Agent. 



FIRST PREMIUM AGAIN! 

BBIKQ THE 

SEVENTH TIME RECEIVED 

Against All Competitors, 

R. H. VANCE, 

Corner of Montgomery and Sacramento Sts., 

SA.KT F EAN CI8QO. 

.^HI^'.SfL' 1 "^ l,ti "" FntST PREMIUM 
anaruea etthf Hilt I ,ir !..i!i. ijh-T AMBRflTVPI'* 
Md PnOTOaRAPIIS, It U ^.r.nt.ad thai alf^t 
faror mo wllh a eall a™ nn lo ohU a| B b.tlar -ork than 
"oM .. 1 ^"" .■LV ° l! '" tme " ln lho SUIt. I 
eh KEDDCED rRICEs'lo^! 



orbld elTecl. which Uk-v j.t-.i,,,-^, 
DodinedbythediireienldeEretsorc. 



k th.in 



;oe red need my prlt 
I of nric. 



b.„x,*,Ksc h .ffc d »:.v,',';,.'.: bi11 



tS?-.SSS^ fahmeks. 






■n. .- "WANTED 

B T ^X^"dJrJ^ ^Jn™«wr«i» 

aidrjomrur.-.'ir, . I., ,'.,-, ;,.'..'.,,"; "''!""* '" Uto • <"•"-' 
■ Ii" ■■■! I)' . il. -. 

nefrrreacc. ,l, ra ood <%$,'*£ """ °«e«. S.n FraoeUco. 



NUHSEIiy BUSINESS. 



SHELL-KOUND NURSERIEiS 
FRUIT GARDENS!! 

j&- AT BROOKLYN, A^ 

%%& (Formerly S .,n Ant.nio, « 

ALAMEDA COUNTY, 

Directly opiiositc San Frunclsco. 
rpillB WELL KNOWS K-T.1HI .P.-UMENT IS HOW 



Fiay Thousand Fruit Trees! 

SHADE AND OENAMEHTAL TREES, 
TIKES, SHRUBS, AND FLOWERS, 

COWRISWO 

Apple Trees, I to 3 years old. 
Pear Trees, Stnmlaril and Dnnrf, 1 to 4 do., 
Cherry Trees, do do 1 to 3 do., 

Plum Trees, 1 lo 3 years old. 
ALSO: 

Peach, Apricot, and Nectarine Tree?!! 

jAjO ALIFOEMI -ft. jptjfcj 

§Proreign Grapes!?^ 

EngliiH Oooitbtrriti, L-anton m;J Biyh-Buih Btadt- 
bcrriet, Baifitrriu, Berln-nin, Currantt, J 

MOfSTAIS APJI. EPROPKAS ASH, EKGI.ISO 

a:.' ii ami-;i:ii'.\'. i'.i,n. i.i iMiiAr.ii vi'uri, ah, 

SII.VKIl-I.EAl' I'l'I'LAK. K!LV|-;i;.l,}:.\F 



monrt., iJniii, 
fhabl'-riatc, 
Quincu, Fat 



At the Lowest Prices, for Cash. 



SHELL- MOUND NURSERIES 



NUB8ERY BUSINESS. 



GOLDEN-GATE 
IT XT. H. 8 EB H. S- 

fini'T of I'-,.irlJt mid IVImmh ■InUs, 
. -j"^ BAIT fSAFCISCO. ™ 

HARPY B\ f fiRGREEN SHRDEBERy, 
GREES-HOUSE PL A STS, 
EVERGREEN CLIMBING VINES, 
ROSES, in 2&0 yorlcliea, including fine BtnnchTd» f 
DAHLIAS, FUCHSIAS, CARNATIONS, 
sed B general Bssorlment of 

Flowcrluii Plants lor the Garden, 

SHEEN-HOUSE, 



Gulden ate Nan 



Rare Hard; Plants, 

fffis M«G!IOU* OILAND1FLORA, ^a^ 

rilFPEIt -TILKES-budr eTentcro, 
tKI.EdTE FIG— inall pink (nuu. fruii Hen Orle 
RUODODEHDIIOn ARBORKTJH, 
PrrrOSPORUUS-^jumlmun^centcd white I 



First Premium for tlie Best IVurserr 

TRB SHELL-MOUND NURSERIES. 
&• Calalosno now rcdy. 






SAN JOSE NURSEEY. 

^Ornamental Trees and Shrnk.jffe 

W 10,000 K S B S . ""^ 

A Tine Assortment of QreenhoasB Plants. 
GRAPE VINESI 

EXTRKMELY LOW PRICES, 

HV COLLECTION OF ROBEB TOOK THE P1RST 
PftEHIUM AT THE STAE PAIR HELD AT8AN J03E. 

lofvan anertnatt ojtkcbut variuia tf A&U,. 

AfrxnU, p ta „, IWc!,,., />/,„..,,; ,|i„,,. F ,,i, 

VI,. it;. Mul'„.rri/, (■;..,-„, !.,.„■.,, ,„„1 Omranl 

Shrvb?. The bat mnlintnTof 3 
Seergremt, nlliraM in pats 




PACIFIC TIN-WOKKS. 

Ka. Da CIjAT street, 

SAN PRAM-OIBOO. 

TIN AND SHEET-IRON WARE, 

Plato, Fancy and Japanned Ware, 

^Tf-PAHS, BAKE-OVEHS, 4c, fa ' 

'■> s»o FbbIi,™ ™ , , "["'j'-'nailo TIN-WABE 



JAMES M. EDNEV 



ARAE1CARLA BIDWILI.II, 

METROSIDEHQ3— jcailet— ol Sooth ( 
BE1U1UDA eRAB9-ROOTS, 
For Sals at the- GOLDEN G AT.E liUPSEEV, c 
of Fearth and Folsoin rKreeti. do 



|N U R S E R Y,4 



A CHOIOE COLLECTION OF 



FUtST PREMIUM H0SES and DAHLIAS. 
Evergreen and Ornamental Shrubbery. 



BLACKBERRY PLANTS, ETC. 

gjft Tbo nndoi?! K ned our oilsra f of ,»i a part of n) 
Writ, fine .-,n,,ii., n ,-f -„ t .. r ,.. ; |<i |ii;y3 
-^-I'LANTS, altlierolloninir ni'i.ff- L . ■■■■ -i- 
Eaeh kind rrorrantDrl gennlno. 

BlackbeiTj Plants. 

■*■— Plnnu unro Drodaced Fruit irhltb. lo, 






1 H 1 K I ,-i 1 1, -. I > . i... ^ 



Rooseberry Boshes. . 

lloo;hloa-i SeeclllnE, ooe jrar from cottligj | 5 per 10 

Strawberry Plants. 

Bnlmonberry Plantj, two jieara old, Spard 

All easta orfera seaL lo (5RAVE3 ft WILLIAMS, H 

C™ E^' reu%'«ki.Bd nlii pr "d ri ° Mr ' '"° "' B " ab 
18 ISAAC n. BOSIFOH 



Extra Size Lawton Blackberry Plants, 

Bjiae. I»w Ucamor. ne h.re ,«.-l.^ i W ] T™ L,in- J3 
ni.r.kbmT Vlnta, of nry onrn. n,-.-. nidi „. mil j!-..=r iruii 



EDUCATIONAL. 



ACADEMY OF NOTRE DAHTE, 

SAN JOSE. 
rpHE NINTH AMJDAL 



menrt on THURSDAY, / 



r-.i.i 1.1.1 .-ii.:i. * | 15 

una ana iiiillon, per Beulur, .7.^ 

■ ■ ..„;::::.: w 

, ;!.:.:.ii 1 „ l ;.:.. , ^.r k ;;. , : B . t : ■;■"■■ "-■ i'**i '•"">; w 

Ptnno, _ VocbI Hi,.-.-, ii, ,„■,„, „„.| j- ,., ..,,.. |.,„„ . ,i;„ 



tuJJ'opoo'lB^'of 



SlfPERlOBESS, 



SANTA CLARA COLLEGE. 

"yiJE STNTII ANNUAL SE3SI0V OF THIS T8- 
The Mm rf ks l t™™i 1 T la,r,1 ' : ' S °° m »k' d AY, Ao S u*l 231 
■■ ■'-- , -nd0 10 c U rario™Bl, l ^(ldos : aPre^ a ratMI 

paldbot ooce*- 

Buiini aud Tuition per auilun ■ 

W .Ton'"5."?. , m " 31 '"' uf *•'■«" "MSeiJ. !■" "■■ tf 

o*»ir.rirVM»io"ii.""-"';^; '■'.'■-'. '.'.'.'.'.'.'. '.'.'."'■ ir 

jforred to par U.'blll Scu.1} ..cvX.l'p" , ( 

VacBllons,'if',^ r ;i, 11 , hcLl . 1 | c .,. " 3 

^ -When Ihore are iereihantno fcralien, «■ 

Use of Initrumeoui^ii CacialsliT and Stttural PW* 
ophj, Vooal M.i.i,, i> ,;...,/. 

JlP-it™"™"? " S"H" 'i 

Santa Clara Collego, SnotB Clara, Cul ->r to Ko',*- 

Maiaubl, S. J., S| churns MuketslrHdl*' 

tneon Fourth and Fifth. San FmarjicU _J^ 



THE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE. 

A.T BEISTIOIA. 



147 Chambers street, K ew v nr v °i™ '°.^L ^ "** bo '^"Vif'PIS?, w'Siep-W 

l ' U 1 ' C J, FLATT, FrUdp* 



THE CALIFORNIA FARMER. 



47 



BIRTH DAT MKDITATIOSB. 



HOTEL INTERNATIONAL, 

---•■ 



■WWwpw 

iriirii.-!' 



erlhtobe. 



Jackson street,al»ove Montgomer; 

SAN FBAWOI8CO, CAL. 

FIRST-CLASS HOTEL ! 

THE TABLES OF THIS HOUSE ARE 
VXIVEnSALLY ACKXOV'LEDQED TO 
BE TUB BEST OX THIS COAST. 

THE ROOMS AND BEDS 



Leaves riora My Journal. — No. 12. 

What u tronseendaui beauty dollies llio spi 
landscape.; of California; the sky so gorgeously 
i- -. ■ 1 i - = i.i . so blue, Ibnt even tbe eyes of lbs loveli- 
est Bjoidcn, when listening lo the enthusiastic Inn- 
gunge tif lier chosen lover, are nol us enchant- 
iugly perfect io color; tbc soft, smooth verdure, 
■:ui"rMi -I'.-r ■ ■] '.villi luvriiihjs of charming wild-flow- 
era, tbot deck the bills and carpel Ibe plains; 
the delicate lint that is a reflection of tbe »ky, 
that marks tbe winding of the Straits, cscepl 
where the sun trnudfurros the qniot water inltn 
sheet or burnished gold j.oq magnificent for tbc 
eye to rest dreamily opuu ; and the soft, balmy oil 
tbat fans a* tu rest, or cuusci ub to build ensiles 
io tbe air, or dreata of tbe past. 

■ :. ■'"'! ■ ■■ [Till, ..-Ml with tbeernshed- 
[ tbe broken-dorca wild-flowers for a 
d dreaming of tbc post. See I a. cloud 
K arisen behind the majestic brow of King Di- 
rk) toll, toll, toll; (bat train winding 
slowly and darkly np tbe hills, in (he midst of the 
Sunshine, mast bo n. fonenl, or the bell would 
i regretfully mooruful. The cloud 
tc hftvc directed the torrent of 



The city 


Now York; the ploce, the Broadway 


Tabertn.ck 


; lite occuviuii, ,.. fiiiljii :! | rui ■. i in;' 


the time, ' 


many and many a year ago." Upon the 


platform s 


.nds a speaker not very tall, hot com. 




appearance; not handsome, bat with 


a face won 


lerfully expressive; his toIcc rings out 


clarion -hi. 


1 bii language is fluent, elegant, ant 












-l .idtmr.iU-. (In; I'ljiiri;.-; picture] !.■.- In. 








mill; there miiFl be a generous charity 
















dbru cultivation of tbe nid,]^i pie, 
mafnuninious clmrity that I hope am 


the iuo.l 



GRAVES & WILLIAMS, 







IN EVERY PARTICULAR. 



FRUIT 

GENERAL COMMISSION MEECHAHTS, 



It:.'. Contiguous to all of the most Popular 
Places of Amusement, the Principal 
Thoroughfares, the Fashionable 
Promenades and Steam- 
boat Landing*; 

DESIRABLE STOPPING PLACE FOR 

FAMILIES and SINGLE GENTLEMEN, 












W M. H. MOORE, 
; Francisco Brass and Bell Foiwdery, 




Gauge Cocks, Cylinder Cocks, Oil Globes, 
Steam Whistles, Hydraulic Pipes and Nozzles 
FOE MINING TURPOSES. 
S3- COUPLING! JOISTS of all Kites. Ji 




rat.- v •tp- 0} l 

fgmm 



■e full of light, 
woman'), and 

ae. Gnd bless 







MANUFACTURES BEST (JF FAMILY SOAPS, 
Sesr const of Muoa aid Pwiflo 111011, 




J. H. It J± Y, 

SEED AND NURSERY DEPOT, 

No. 106 3 STREET, 

SACRAMENTO, 

5 IH HIS NURSERY, SUBJECT TO THE jj* 
rder of ga'od cash customers, the most «len-5C 

TREES, SHRUBBERRY, AND VINES. 



Tn l-o fnncd io the Slate, nasiitiasaf eiary Tariaty of 
Almond, Mulberry, 

Apple, ^^KSKBiBnB^ sassJ 



SAN F1UKC1SC 



HamforJ, Exi. Co-lra CW 1 Re.. A. H. Mj 
D.nlel L. Perkins E.q, Al™-Ja , Win. B1>i 
ll.n.,™q.C^V.w":Hec'j,C.'TT;l,'m 



Self-adjusting Post-Driver, 

A valuable Implement for Farmers. 

HYDE'S PA TEST SELF- All JUSTING POST- 
DRIVE11 i- r.-.f. Mivsr.-.] (■■ K.r.ucr*. us a valuable 

■ ,„■ in n::.Vi:-l:l il.MXii l\,- liamm-r x,„l:. 




jj^POLBEj^ 




FELLOW CITIZENS: I hjiicll.odBmonryouslue 
tho ever ejlorlmu FORTY-N [NE, hive suffered oil! 

dialled ma 10 r aj 600 Hundred Cenu o'a'too Mil 

1!. : I nil .lv, , li.rrai,. I ■-..jlilt.Ua civojo 

meats to new punnw r iliioiru!i? '"' 01s ° ,iu ' a 



Hyo in it To tl>ln UtUralus I nVo^nVbTijorwiolon j" 
bicmaoiaecdia i»ld basineM fur tee lutoi B hl=onj'cara. 

BolletlDS that llfo ir ivdbL in bTh, ilthI tbat the people 

■llhUlllEllTI who,!-. lh,:y ,■,., .-,., lli,.ir|i. -.■!,.:,..:.. |i||,.j 

•iihialoij', 1 «iil hfii-aricr nil ii^m f„r 

Hair liie Price Umudly OinrKeil 
By eth^Drc^t,, l.^rHb-U" U'fifW-;", ioJ 0' 

Ijotebd ray itoto Fhull ht, ONE oflbe best, If not TUB 
OBB .ad^STitANUEIn the true line, .„,',, ■ ,,: ; 

priolonof talaeblo nnj reliable i'nlcnl Medicine" loiond 

ss'.Sii'SiiJK.r.JrsS'bSic' 



IV. 

lb 


will rurslib Ihoie 

d'.-tr.x AT ■'U-T 


n InJljenl circamitanosi with 
Lbe name betas; mttof ted by fwu 


of" 


■after wo' will do 
. Tbe amount, w 
iotoml to dlstribn 
aie.inthtdeoreai 


bailDess on a CASH BABIB 
baveict horotuforebrcredll- 


tVo 


h»™rseel«dtbo 


seaele.ferthefellowlnEr.la. 



Ittllifht-. H 1UU ,1.U Lii.lrniXr "be iffli-? > 

«Ii.enSSfu L riVlb u "\*ii A . UF " jWN '" ' 



NOilSERY BUSINESS. &c. 



GARDEN AND AGRICULTURAL 

SEED WAREHOUSE, 

So. 103 CALIFORNIA STREET. 



Pltim, 



Beside a cowl stock of SHRUBBERY and SUA 
~REES, far boaullfyioi; homes. 

a as a a a« 9 



SHADE TREES, 

'or .ale this .casoo, conslstlnf of— 

10,000 locust Trees, 
1,000 China Trees, 
Lombaidy Poplar, 

Wnnnt nin Ash, 

Uagnolia Acuminata, 

Together wlih 

Elm, Linden, 

Aah, Weeping Willow, 

Maple, Arbor Vilic, 

And ..H.t. BrDrcTBcni-all wamnled. 
The Loeusta are certainly not equaled, by any lot in 

the State, fir benuty and .lie; they are Irom two to 

Ihroe years old. Blmisbt aed well erann, Mrylno: from 

toe to twenty foot la bight. 

SEEDSlSEEDS I 

■!i,- cxleoslra SEED DitPABTMENI contain, a 

FOB THE OABBEH, TIZLV, FOBESI t KUSSERY, 
Either from the but seed-growers In the country, or 
my own super eiiiim. Moeh care is liken 
Tree from miilura, and eiery package of 
seeds told Is, wilh proper care, warranted to crow and 

is marked on Ibo label. 
Hop Vines, Rhubarb Roots, Asparagus Flouts, Grape 
Cnttingi, Dahlia Roots, 
nd oierything aj>pei!alnin c to the Seed and Km 
i.ioeu, for tale at eroally rcdoced priceifrom lost 
ARTICHOKES, CHUF AS— articles deserving sp 
notice— are for sale lo quantities, 
dors will be supplied oa Ibe mi 



TO THE SEED TRADE, 
ivc the largest And moat varied assortment Of 

FBESH PIELD AND GAEDEH SEEEB, 



ALFALFA or Chrlc Clover Seed, Pcre : 

":d Clover; Tiinolby Gross; Red-lop Crass; 
Ky. Blue Gross ; Hungarian tiras; ; 
Millet ; Orcburd Grass ; llye Grass. 

Garden Seeds. 

C.btnf[0, Tamlp, GoiTDt, neet, OoiOn, 

Lkiucc, Raflbb, Melon, Cocumbtr, 

Turoito, Squuh, Panulp, etc 



Budding and Pruning ItntTOSj Oarden Tools, etc, 



Wo bavo oil 'kinds of TREES trad PLANTS, 
All Order, forwarded, by" Mull or Exprcm, will meet 



„. ill :, 



ean bo ,t 



■r Mail to 



part of lb- 
22-3m 



HOP ROOTS. 



4 furnished with aoed. v 



Mjrelt In the bosioew will be .applied oa liberal ten 
.dares, J. R. RAY, 

Seed and Nursery Pfarehouie, 



SACRAMENTO ADVERTISEMENTS. 



ST. &BOB&E 
HOTEL! 

Corner of Fourth and J Streets, 
S ACRAMEN T O . 

M TI1I9 HOTEL, UAVfHtJ BKF.H TBOitOUOULY 

RE-FITTED AND RE-FURNISHED, 

18 SOW OPBH 
FOR THE RECEITION OF THE PUBLIC. 
G. 1. IIUTCUUVgOrV, 

Mm Proprietor. 



Premium Barbie Works I 

I*. jr. TJBVINE Be BROTHER, 
K stnet, comer SlsnJs, 

SACHAII»3iT0, OAL. 

Marble M note l.i an. 1 Orates, Monumonts, Tomb and 

...... =,„„„, TnlilunnJ O.u.Hor T.-ns, Me- 1 - 1 - — " "— 

■.Ii;.., lit.- ,,i-..d f ite- tone Sills nc 
anllj on hand and uiade lourdor 

II kinds of Ornamental Wurk done with direatcb. 
a-also. Calcined Plailorfor ..lo. vB-lB-Sa 



W M . B . HUNT, 

HIDES, SKIRTS, R 

WOOL and TALLOW. * 



SAMUEL JELLY, 

IMPORTER OP 



i 



FINE WATCHES, JEWELRY, 

Sllver-irni-c, Gatlerjr, ic, 

IM J STREET ONE DOOR BELOW FIPTU, 

6AORAM BUTO. 
Walehes Repaired and Jewelry Mw 



Agtnti Jar Qruvcr $ Baker's Soring MaAin, 



Welroportnoarlyallofourtoods. Wethinkw 
lOwloIniDorlUiim. and bow Lo iell tbocotosall 
^quality. At aU exeat,, gb 



e.U, spd WE WILL TRY 



tfl? 



1. L. I'OL HUM 1 IS 



Coal, Wood, Charcoal, &c. 

Paoiflc street, between Powel and Mason. 

SAM FBAKOI300. 

jPf Order, rtcM.cJ b , J on , j.™k Pv™ IW; pruiaptlv 
I nllST. [,) jouJt c. ROBlrlaoH, 



SEED, PLANTS, &o. 




Seed "Warolao\iso I 

[ESTABLISHED IN 1BS0.) 

S . "W . MOORE, 

No. HO California st, Between Montgomery SSansOKov 



EITCHEN-QAEDEN, FIELD, FLOWER, 
FRUIT AND TREE SEEDS 

IS CALIFORNIA, INCLUDING 

20,000 lbs. Pure Alfalfa or Chili Clover Seed, 

OF THE HEW CROP. 

HYACINTHS, TULIPS, LILIES, AND OTHER 
BULBOUS ROOTS. 






^licS^bich.' 



*\ nod Ea^linJ, ii 



ef ScedH oneUiSulii^ ICO V*i»- 

■.!.■■ i^i .[..-.ir.:!. «]ll I ■■ li:ri,|.; : . 



C H U F AS 

OR 

Eartli-Aljuonds! 

OO Pouod, of CUUFAS or EARTH. ALMONDS, fur nle by 

S.W.MOOBE, 
■'■■» Seed Warchnnse, uo California street 



To the Seed Trade, 

©a HA Visa THE LARGEST AND MOST BX- 

SEEDS 

Now Browing and harrcsLtog In the Union, we are pro- 
parod to supply Dealers on the molt favorable terms. 

Our American Seeds 

Ara with few exceptions sailed under our own immediate 
supervision, and wo can warrant them as Finl-cisss in 
orery rospeel. 

Dutch BulbonB Roots, 



J. HI. TIIORBCRK li CO., 



New York Seed Warehouse, 



H^e. 



O. L. KELLOGG & CO., 
Garden, Flower, Fruit and Tree Seeds. 



TOBACCO. * 
fSHi'TJCUT, Sm] I,o.f, 

OLE SEEE^-Alr^re.ien.l.oreiletT 
*«rl«l aeeoi, la p.pe-, .el.cd fe lie eouelry 



COUGH SYBUP] 

» IS EQUAL . tf , 

^_Advertis B a_^* 



48 



'tHiTTc ALIF OIRIsriA FABMEB. 



Passcjoir TiU is to Was nor — We b re rcq n est 
fays luc L» Porle MessenRer, to inform < 
Wuhoc-aceking friends (nnd report ta.31 «Wj > 

Washoe mines by the way of .'mi.u -'■'"■ ' 
Brewster intends to pal so'" 1 l""*°™ 
■ad ag«" to convey passengers to luc ^ 
Hope in quicker time than can be m J 

other romes. Wlico n.e ir.iv.liv? >■''■'.'""-; *■ ;. 
■ line of stages from Jlarysvllle to Virginm v, 
by the 11 .iv of Li I'-ru-, "-ill ),<■ |.«t on ; 011.1 pn 
tenors, will he carried ilito"^... '«- ' ' 






Cm.-sES MoKiiUH.— Tie Sncrn 
tbe following: "Thero-hBi been ji gteol mortali 
among chickens in ibis civ/, lately, nnd foe n loi 
lime the cause of death wis a mjslcry. Jes 
Morrill, a wolbknowa resident of Ibis ciiy, Ihinfc- 
that be baa ascertained the cnose. Mr. M01 """ 
having bad belwcca twenty nnd thirty (owls o 
denly deceased, mm- inJuttJ iu v.nlcli their .o.non- 
eloselv, nnd lost week saw n mutton! J old ben 01" 
portions ot some taudilooli or oilier rm-ji, «hn 
Witt^Mviticit, lL.--T.irJ. Inn fe.f I.iirjiJl^..tl- 
the hen departed thi; lift, b.-r -e.lJ.i-n mli Iw 
very evidently brought nbout by her panciilitv fi 
criIil.-_.Mnic pljllli. Thosi: pfr.^uns «!.«■ I11V.I.1. 
nlilit;..-! 'i( I lie I".-' .H" ll,..-i,- p.niltry, have only I 
look oat for two destroyers : Chinamen nod tout 



AnOTHlB CaHVOHNI*. UeCOASIO-L TBlUMPil.— 

It mni n cracked bell coo bo repaired ■nil mada ai 

Contra Casta, having been cracked aoveo inches in El- 
ian], from Ibo moulh upward* tb-. agent, Mr. Chorion 
Ulnlnra, called on Messrs. IL T- 4 J. Garrett, brats- 
founders, in Market street, for tbe pnrpoao ot hiving a. 

LhcorJ vin-.ij hn.-l f..r fi'ii-- limi .n-.-.i-.. ■! il.'ir lli„n<!,i . 



ir :i,-|.r. .■.-!. Mr. Mlnlnr 
irtineato Id necordnnec with iba abov 
be slaica that tbe sonnd of the bell is ■ 
u before being broken. 



Sis Foisctsco asp 11 aris villi Baimioab,- 
Parlies interested say that the $?0,00u in Vat 
county bonds, nod tho SI 00,00 1> ia Solano couol 
bonds, now in the treasury of the M-irv-. ille nn 
San Kr.inciseo Ruilroad, mn_e 11 ,om uinplv -ufi 
cient 10 grade that road from the Ficrnmcnr.j. ir 
Yolutounty T lolbccity DfSaisnn, in Solan nconal' 



MBS. IIZZEE WILEY WABBEH, H. D„ 
1ST Won 



ir UJ-Lr. r d t:-.-ilrr fcaovledjre ol .he law* cf Lrallh ai 

_Ua_asiand [Ti!>emi.c!imlll_r»li«lh»nthc oiQilr' 
S'^u__°_«t" 



□ ■-,> .■ — I, II: gr.-.V r,l,.-|. |,.jl |Jn. J.-r,i.-.3j-,| .r,-"-., ,..■ t !.-. 

Lncr. ,." -,,,,-r ti...!v unkpafl-a. Qf [ho koL.-lpJ-i and 

ItLtLl :.. [1 I''.-. 1 ■■:,-.- -,r - ..r.- '.■-! !,, r-. ... ■. I.. ...■.-: .1 

• Sj!:c ■■].!. I-. I'l.ljr!' ! ;.:■, ,.-.1 ■■ i.Jn.rnjr. r!-. r. !:. r- ,. I.t. 
.!..■ (' :..!■ :;,■ I 1 :- m- -i |. .„, rti.l l!:-r. 1; ,.-<jl:c .,-riit; ih. .,:... i 



MRS. ANNIE L. AVERY, 
HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN, 

Beiidente, £49 PaeiBo Street (i>o dcon from Euckioi 



r^~ T„l Ducam In, 
on Wadaeaday, mth July. 



3, iUHMONIJ, PrtatJc-, 



IVILIi -SOU SOT SESD THE 

OALIFOBNIA FAEMEB 



h™,-".',; 



lioLoSS"' 1 ""**** ****""** ""J 10 " 1 



TO GRAPE PLANTERS. 

Aa we ire Ttrj dcarou ot rrjkLjj a cqctdci noard of all 



0( bu rny tarin Citoci iod Pi 



in i r,„,-— c.F/i f-m -■ 2J3 

*:k«',-i* do. *: 



Drr "id™, ••cl 3 *'.>l J»j sln»*J>'H" 1 
Eaaa > Heriio da SJB30V I Rou«li T~ll 



E«n Franolwo Cnttla SUrket ^^ _ 
Bepoile- for Ibo Cairjoajlla FiBBaa, by W. J WiiiTii-ci 

.at last, B«f has declined one cent a pound, for On 

ionii_oqulckat_i_-ojiolaUonB| aliu. fat hogs on tbi 

;.,„., t,. 1V c.|.:,linvd. ili.-r.-K-ia; not inucb call for them, 

Averaco _lnuj;bt_-r!' Prleo-: • 
Bar— Amtricm. r,..i r|„.,iiiv liVt.iiK; _.l .iiinliiy 
■.(....,-: :;.| quality !c@-e, EpanElh, 1st onaL 5o@7- ' 

^ l Cl'-l^^,'".^',^,lll. l'l^.lk.._dqnalllyTe©ll)c. 

,. ii?.l. Jr.. ,|iii'k Z !',•': Hr-r-.-.-l I __■ S- -- C- ■"- l' ; ■" 

Mi n^-.. — Ir. — -1, IiK-m. 1 '"■■-, .!■ i» T'l in j n> 'in.dilv. 
Miioo ,:„„,_i.i quality S«@SflO; ^J qualily 

;2S(n;S30. 

Eetail Pcicej at WtuhinEtoa Korlost— Marcn. o 



Giwi'-n'rn. ii'do-.".'..^ 



ir.K-.il.-.mW.jt,.. 






:ii ;: r 



p ro.._s_p3c 



c" i iJZ!?'"^i r "" s ' a 



do" .__kc-.'.V.'i'oo_ii 
^oipo. -p-doi....»is>__.i 



PATENT R1CHTS FOR SALE. 



No. 2. A Corn Cultivator- 

I^^ l Ln"^^I;^,°_F 1 ha' i '' , ^ r Pp^ro^y°aa_ 

Ho. 8. An Improved Clothes Eeel mA Sn 
rai_.__ Janoar, a, 16*0. 

Ho. 4. The Kcthnuic-'i Bpirit I*t_i. 

Ho. S. A UoiluU Bar. 



»-4 k L B l2_ip B wI ter ' e,iand Medical Work*. 

IJJtB LIZZIE Wl__r W ABB EH, H. J)., bu recrlre 
ai™!! B« U _l»._bI_ a ■b.o_ a ,r„ utolotBr ™^™ 



_p orro t c 



V33R__r__KT rffi8TROY EES . 
A P _J™i ?o P r ^{ PBRt0R >*EaKET3 (Hale «,) Fa 
Tool iajilactlretr hunt ]„!« ,he hoi. .i. ^ 



^ RANCH WANTED. 



WOOL, HIDES, and SKINS, 

Piirolaaaecl 

AT TUB HIOnEST MARKET RATBS, 

LONINtr & FUERSTEIN, 

BO PBONT_STRBET. 
'"fa:,, l-tMilMO at FP„j"Hi!m", , * > ' 



*V\7"OOXj I 

Pnrobaserl at tho Highest Market Batea. 



BEE-HIVES! 









J. 8. BABBIE ON. 



{ >ul. j M.rcH 



FARM STOCK. &o. 

! 'IN"E STOC I . " 

FOR SALE 



TUOKOI Gil - BRED STOCK. 

SHORTHORN DURHAM CATTLE, 

ire FKENCH MEEttNO, aOUTUDOWN aod COTaWOLD 

SHEEP 



tmnilD, Cboutauqui 



•. BABK, Kotarj PaWic. 



THe California 

B E E-H I V El 

77ic BEST, and htnee ikt CHEAPEST 
Hisc ever ojftrcd to Bee keepers. 

ThoiBOTeblT«waiaa :a ,d..l 1 ;:.. HfisT 

■ in H-M, : 'r.y'i i,!' ii.-"m'Ii,1X ; 



I "■iicii u.- ■ i i, - ucnl Aganl). 

-v-n.ii:i'. M.iilii'-n:. ■,,.: 

1IHS. f IVlllMKIt.SUKklOB. 
1. .1. .-llr.ilM.lN. Lm AfteeJei. 
JACOFl V. IIOAO. VVaJilDElon, Volo county. 

G. iv. IMBItldOltl b/b>j-«t[11'o. ™° OCDUD1T - 

The Prlof or IMIIIIIIIAI. lITtiltTS ]■ 815, 

Connlr or State tllgbta will bo lold on leimi < 
To- fi|--. ni.-.jl(.oi and Clilmi of roy Fitent will bo 



Highly Important News ! 

DHY GOODS ! 

H. BACH MAN 

rake. CRXt pleasure In Informlnc iho Ladlr. of S.n Fran 
:uco and .urrouodioj courier, ^jh.t ho baoihl Ibc toiln 

LABATT BROS., 

ISO KB AUNT | 

ItBarwlnalncUon el co.1, and n! 



Rich Silks, Shawls, Dress Goods, Fars,&c. 

K"Eacli Department Is sow compteta. 

SULls ! suits ! 



Sh» v.- la and Clo.ila. Silk VBliet OIobIu, 
EmbraWetlct ! new and rich uta. 

HOCSEKEBPIKO O00D3. 

IIOSIEIir oad OLOyBf, . complotoauorlraeat. 

II. Bucbman'aj, 

flnecownr [o I.ABATf fllt09., 



SOHKEIBER'S 

PTJX/CT DEPOT 

T^s^.b.B^^ir' BEDDt!, '° " 

more It Is used, iho bettrr it ii likod. <,v0 ' 1 ?'"■ T bo 

FOR CHEAPNESS AND DURABILITY 

^ In eonuqooneo of the Increased doioand, I haie made 
TUUfh, ATt , z TC 



WiitTwi 



AE&»|»f™.-r"tJ?I ? 



KlSffiSS* - •■ 



I'r on oil- 3VE erlno 

fg£BTJCKS.g£ 

'I'lli; ui. 1 -r-l;.-.| lie:-. I.. iM'.-jnn SIM 






AtUe«r>. FALKSKFt, I! 
inFn.oeUco,JulyE,IBJ3. 



BUCKS FOR SALE. 



Callforrtia Steam Navigation Company. 



Urarirtin oV,lr,/. M 1jc4.b. •l„ti «aa 

OABBTIHQ USITBD/ STATES HAIL. 



rt Jn, nl -I iick-ek, J. 3. IS.n 



ulnryFiville, 

Colnsa, ■■""! 

Bed ElufFs. 



ti 1 a i- Dlspatcb LId 

FOX HONOLULU. 

LOVF.TT, 

Freight, e^lJ'w """ 

HcaOER * MEHHILL, 



CHOICE GEOCEKIES. 

SS, Ac., 
ps&Cc..'., 



DIACHEREI., Tongnctt and Sounds, 

CHOICE BVTTBR, .!■: , ir. Hi- , 
For sale at 



JelllcN, Jiinis. 

FRESH FRUITS, 
tlj.in.i.-ll 5AUCE3, Ac. 



:awar.la * Co.>, 



Comet Teas, Old Gav'm't Java 
fust a Rica, and Rio Coflfce, 

For sole ot 

A. L. EDWARDS 4 CD'S, 



SHEEP WANTED ON SHARES. 



BERKSHIRE AND ESSEX SWINE. 



AWJEEICAN EWES WANTED. 

SilEBP-nAISBRSwhabarsannototor^rattt 
A.MKKIOAN KlV|-:jf„ r , al[ . ^Uloar oVafiKr 
asor by calling ol ibo C.Lrroa.-.la FAOM-JEStL 
ncs,or addreulm a lotler in tho K-IU-jt. =■ tminu ih ( 
■ rot aheop, ago, condition and price. 22 



ALEXANDER H. TODD, 

Pruiiuce and General Commission Agent, 

o. 43 CLAY STREET, WEAK DAVIS 

SAN FRANCISCO. 

A LEXASDER n. TODD has be™ enancod in "elline- 

^ , ir „ in ,„,, !,„,,„„ ,,„ &7l . v ,., lril j^.unrbi. market 

— -the Pioneer Kir,ro.-ni:.Ti«fi.'.,l.r-,, ru i i , in leio-hi, 

-u'r " - "''c' I 'r 'r '[-'^"i n ' ' " i -"""= , -' ; ' u "- 

H B— My terms for bnjin G and nellinc prodore are- 

F.,rOI ..a,H. onJol iJ.Onj.ti !-„■[ ,;g„|j f,. f f ', ,/ |j , r„j 

upniirdsi 3 per eant. ja 



J. D. ARTHUR & SON, 

AGRICULTURAL STORE. 



PITTS' & HALLS' THRASHERS. 

BOSTON STEEL CLIPPER PLOWS. 

Plows, Ilnrrows, Cnllivnlors, Grain-cradles. Soytlw, 



FULL-BLOOD MERINO BUCKS. 

A f EW | . ,,a,] -'' l " od MERINO ILAH3 from (be Poltono 



Donierttlc Fowls. 

t PERSONS dedroua of nurcha,! 
V 0AS1L FOWLS, and Uie brai HEN 



I Fall-blood Hlortno Sliocp. 

PerBonawb.hln(Foll.bloa<l Merino Sheep ea 



BERKSHIRE AND SUFFOLK 
SWINE 1 

Jhire. and onr, full-blr.-l Solf,lk Bmr i.lll arrivo b» 
iho o 01l .loaroor. Thrj will l,o lor, mporlo, pItJZ 



FINE HIVES OF BEES. 

A QOOD PEESENT 

^ARBISOS'S HBIir UIVE3 ... bo .... ., th , um8 



FOR SALE CHEAP, 

A RANCH AND GARDEN, 

KW4 Acres) or l.aml iviil, w, 
ion, iii,<io[ ill kiJda of VcgaaWo., " ^ "*" "' Iold ■ 
Wau£!*tS™ dWd Ch ° i0e FrnIt Tre0S ' 



C O^L. 

A NTim ACITK. WEST HARTLEY, L 






CI».OTJXiA.R. 
t^-TUo Blothnnlea- >„ ( ilcutc or tlie city ol 

8an Francisco Bill hold Ihnlr Third in.l.i i.,-,l Fair in 
tho month of Seplomhor, 1660, in said oily, nod lacy 

"■.ill. .Hi iii.il,.. „,,-,. j„ „,!;,. m.Dofncturcfij inioors, serf- 
,-iil.o,,..... l„,rll,.„Uuri.-t.., nndnll ,.ll,ar ptv-Jocan, to be 
r=j,it-^nlcd thoroin l.j their *■.,! . ,:„[ . . ..:„,., 

-■■ !■..!.,, >.lli I.,, ..;..,,,!..„ [h , , „,■ , bl! lojiStototo 
jODderlhocojoioi; KThibllluo oven inuro brllliaataad 

i'.T-iH,.,.|LMi,[odli. a.irei;X4rci<eila i-ljol iiillueu» iO 
onr people, oul! aho~ln ? [„,„. r-|i.„rlv „ i,-.h -ji.--:Jici 

>■:,!- lh .1 till' Mjt,, ..l"l.'LLlif. fi,,,, l. (.[l.'il.'.'tj'.l'. ,.■-.! ll.,l' '-'■ 



iho pnhliowiUbe'adTitrf by onr foil CiKulnr (lo h« 

•~,%s,*:! sfisi;." ""■'"« "•"»■ 

M. F. BEREICK, 
Correspond ln B Sccntsry. 

t&~ Howipnpo™ on tbe I'aclCs Co^it, friendly to *• 
eoiorp.1.., ore reouoKed to publi.h Ibo el-..- f.i-^l"- 
Vtwc°\1 " J,| " , l ° aii " a> "' ■■Monhanlcs' luiitlnlt, Ss» 






■ ■" I- .r, »■»„„:,.,,,,'„, ..l, ,. r -,,,. .,..,, ,,.,..,.(, /.-■■; 
Pn.- "' - t ™''' , > " '■•■■ ,•' - (-■■"- *'l. and e.cry ram at 
. ■ , -■■■■- L..r...v. ,!. ., ,,,.,, . ,....■ .., , :j ; .. :, ;■■ 

'r»r. C Ji'' C ' ,: tM ir " \? V \ tnr>lrD phr^din morr lh.0 t»H»ry 



ocul nun. TJioOHod. can te-lilV, tod hare IcU" 

anted Immouuito nWrt- [L„i v.ji", it" i !■'-"' ' 
acod Iho dboruo tncurohle, int. tuu nuaoied II as- 



SETII W. FOIVLE i Ca i 






" 1 , ";V... : il.:-J 




VOLUME XIII. 



SAN FRANCISCO, 



CALIFORNIA: FRIDAY MORNING-, MARCH 30, 1890. 



NUMBER t. 



%\i lEaUtauia pmx, 



i traBPPf. scwxce?. 



Fr.-icucil Inform id 01 



-tincola of Ft 
brought ool 






when 


be nssortod, anil only ibc fim 




Mr. Barry- One great euvo 








plant the trees and cat the 
















the standards. Trusts the 




formers will plant dwarf pea 


Vl"^ 



bleb doubtless cants 






itcodilocanaidcra 


:e length: 










on, fi Ike Daarf Pi 






Pinney, of Clirkaoo 


"■"' '"^' 





carest lo iouist Bonne dc Jersi 
self. There ore some sorts in t 
ills coofidcoce compared '.villi Luui.e 
.,v. II lUod ir.o U jrti lusetou 
.vould set at ltu;t half of them 



I join bcnriilj with Mr. 
tt Ibc dwarf p%or is not 

iniiU'iiice planlin^ |-- .ir-liv 



-e they III priili-tl-J fimii 



( li.i! the great body ol 
nutting oat trees ' ' 
racing loplnalL 



ir south side of board 



nruribu trees id decidedly bad; tbe libra lb tools 
near tbe surface ure cut off. No implement ahoold 
be used near the tree except a fork. 

0. IL [looker, of Bo Chester. The question is 
often asked bow many sorts of pearl can be sne- 
cesifully cullimu-J mi quiime. Our pear orchard 
of elghli varieties bos been *et three yean, and 
over jefemy sorts arc doing finely. 

In untr in r r ii^Htion r what .crta do not do well 
as dwarf*. Sir. Ellwanger named Beurre Bosc, 
Shdd.Hi, Liii, ['i.radiie d'Auiouinc. Vcrgonlcinn 

OS standard-. ... irie IklleLiiiMlive. 

ilr. Ileadlc, of Canada, Belle Lucrative as 
dwarfs Invariably bad borne very lurge fruit uud 

Mr. Froit, of Rochester. Duchcsso d'Angoulemo 
is peculiarly Rood as a dwarf; two trees in 1858 
had yielded t«„ „i,d three bushels, and in IBfiO 

Mr. llrooks, of Pearl Creek. If anything needs 



eomons. About the planting of these bells 
:r, people anticipate thai the advantage Is 
■a (lowly they woni't da it- Have seen 
vantage from planting apple and peach- 
.ornately. The g. 



Valut.— The i 

l„..r li.,f,r.l 



.11 by ,1 



■ I ■ ■ ■ ■ " ■-'■ 



-JnJ.lf.ii-.Vi 






■II. .ill liiijjlil :l 
or other lin 
e they thriv 



make tome one thing 



tblnklni! that in a nice rjJT.J.n llie 1 
No*, 



inking t 

ni'-- have good cultirntlr 

car country call a garden is a pie 

bouse, where we have a few hills of potatoes, aa< 
several hundred — (hesitates and blushes) — sema 
hundred— pig-vrtdt— (great laughter). 

Mr. Alniworlb, of Bloomfield, suinc lime agi 
laid something ngniual dwarf pcar-Ireca: bu 
would admit that some varielies succeeded fa 
better u ilnarti ilmo as standard!. Lonlie Go 



deJcji 



lublo 






old process called inarching (It Is 
lie Horticulturist for Jflnonry, IMeO), 
.rly all the rinks are removed to a 

■kilir.il r.[.-.r .r..r. Ji.njl.nnliini: ' In: i»r.i|H! i-! not 
iflicult. We ' , ,-;iJdli>i;riiri" nil our "single eyes." 
a to the growth. In the summer of 1856 wo 
ropagnted Dianas and other grapes in this way. 
i the spring of 1B59 the plants stood ia the puis, 
ymeo and "' 



il,,-,- 






Abou 



ery n 



Not oi 



of tlie- 



a of 



hr-i.:)-iri. 
Mr. [illwi 
iell in tbe< 



iBglU, the II 
™ 3'afted « 



Agente took those two-year old 
cred to customers with the frail on. 
ir quicker? 

nag. Likes put plants hotter than 
ing of 184G set out alcodet Dlaeas 
1 they averaged forty clusters In 



ni. Must wait until after the first 

th. The grape can be grafted with 
(jolty in the wioier. When g l 



P. Barry. Flan 
ew if the trellis 
[us tried Delawa 



W. P. Towttsend. Aa lo ripe < 

■•iijliiiiir lms riplilitd Ihrte iMii:t...;.i : . 
:.l.ii.lni..i u [> - < il ii liill-liiii' .4i.|.1ii,; I', f 



J.J.Tbomaa hero apako of, Dr. 
ird. IbL Dr. F. thoroughly I 
land. 2d. Plowed and aubsoiled, 
i loads of lake-mud, and tv 



fully ripe, Dr. Farley's wen 



ml irmlh, and 
-ere prunei] in 



but tbe day w 
. however grea 

.ii »i ,, . -I If be dor 



miOtrtd, of f 



\lagr of yran that the F nir.'i- Trer. 
A, earioo- perlioo, of Wntcm ." 
it placa arc but for ■"/.— Mr. l'ei 



stroyed, especially ir II 
creed, and if in non-pr 



full crops. 

J, J. Thomas, Close tn Cayuga Lake the |u;u:h- 
irnji scarcely ever fails. Prunes sanio aa Mr. S"eo- 

HV.ul itlhl Brat Manner of 1'rtparing Ground for 
Orchard, 7— Mr. Smith, of Syracuse. 1st. Cilder- 
drain, especially if il he n strong soil. 2i. Sub- 
soil to at least 10 Inches deep. 3d. Moke it rich 

Mr. Barry. Has been looking at land a good 



',,,, :, ::,:„ 


::;:::: ? ..."""r,;.,,:;;, 


Ban Joaquin VaUoy Agrftmltural Society. 


Ihltl llpplcj | h 


ut not so much aa wheat ar corn. 


adopted calling a meeting nf the Committee On tho 


■erlaii.ly Ihe I 


eighriimera^prU^abUaTt'liraV 


lie. The gran 


secret is goad lillnge and proper 


lath of April, and instructing tho Secretary to 
notify the Vicc-Presidcnls of Iho Society residing 


Ilr. Bendlc. 

.hninl.l; -,1,1 


d lo pcara, are raiting apples und 


in tho counties embraced within the District, to 
assemble on that occasion for tho purpose of 


most profitable. 


adopting a Constitution anil By-Laws, and drafting 


Mr. Kllwrni 


er. Twenty-five years ago there 




were not lim 
1345 Ibat tbe 




A communicotioo from E. S. Holden, Esq., tho 


myself. Pcara are not propagated 


newly elected President of the Society, was read. 






While grateful for the hoaor conferred do him, ha 


Mr. Hurry. 


It requires skill and care lo grow 


was sorry thai one more competent hud not been 


peara. Farme 


HEHSS''"'' 1 "" 


chosen; hut said, "Aa tho harness ia on, 1 will 




exercise my best ability and energy lo 'speed the 




-phoiphott of Lint and otha- Special 


plow;' I will lake up 'the shovel and the hoe' for 






the good work, aud God speed the cause." He 


opinion that 1 




then presented in no able manner tbe abilities, 


aa good effect as any of the special 


resources and duties of the new Society, tic hoped 


manures. 




thai oil would prepare for the comiog exhibition 



<B Stat- 



01 only cs 



r Agricu 






Society of California. He recommeads the et 
or a Pavilion, aud offers lo place in tho building 
for the inspection of tho public, a, museum con- 
taining 5000 specimens of minerals, natural his- 
tory, etc., tho second largest collection in the 






rlthout 



draining very m 
inltlheyearr. 
cep, and u 



','l'r :ViT„ 

r, 111 ;■ [inn. itii 



I thu others 
■li.-l up and > 
leats will be b 



r tho different traits dc- 
i and situation of culti- 
a perhaps Bmall fruits 



i l.llllill ■:■ 



itc, we iu Western New Vorl 

Thecstlmal'ul-.-i.l.li: lift] |,|,le 

.g.ira county nlouc, was S.'iurt.ilnti. j L1 , 
eo pears bringing S18 and 320 a harre 
?k city, and good winter-peara wooli 
re. There arc risks to bo run Iu lb 
of the pear, and so there are risks ii 



In answer to a quotion, Mr. B. 
tho pear-crop is uoifurinly more ci 
apple. If trees die from blight, fill up fro 
strvu which yoa have ready. 

Mr. Townsend, of Lockport, mentioned 
tlemaa who had traveled In every Statu 
United Suites, and lo all Karop-:,' within 
iplea like those 



tho great 
than t'ji 



I like - 



. . r . i 



y f.; I. 



irB. ffsiUra Hear York will 



inn of tbe I. ii 
or aa orchard I 

Would turn the 



!!.,( .V.Mr 








IT all the 




s oad plan 


; the winds will 







ii tall In 
























of feet from the 
























,wth, 






in 




■:, i.lli. ■■:'.le 


























iwed In 




b 


tl beard 


the roots 




Would 



which Inn 


1 irl ^Hel-.il L 


the 


vicinity. 




This pr 




IB aw 


keni 


g is just what 


we have 


expected 


f San 




ndls 


rict. Witb no 


TO lib- 


eral men 


nbUD 


innt 


star 


1 resources, 


o hegio 




look 




UiB 


id as tbe Pi 




rldanud 


'Tula 




nic 


o nod Colto 




ields of 


sugar 


cane, 




nrds like ": 


a Belle 


franco," 


ud an 


effloic 


ii Di 


trict Society. 


Wo are 


glad to a 






l.ng 


M.'l ellll lelll a 




man at the hem 


of th 


Soc 


ely ; it augurs 


of corn- 


pletoane 


ess. Wo reg 




cannot Id Uu 


number 






Society. 













Brain and Wool in New York. 

By the lust uccounts wo learn that wool is only 
In moderate demand, and It is supposed that the 
prcflcnt rates era about as high as wool will go. 
We nollco a sale of 70,000 pounds of State and 
wcsleru fleeces at 40 to 61 ccnlsj 10,000. Califor- 
nia, Fair to fine, 18 to 23 cents. The approach of 
tho now clip and tho moderate demand far manu- 
factured goods, causes a very quiet markot. 

Groin Is iu fair demand. The Bales of various 
kinds of uvW are from SI 30 to SI 60 o bushel, 
equal lo 2) aod s j cents a pound. Barley ia in de- 
innnd at 87 lo 00 cents a bushel, about 1 j cents a 
pound, a little more than half California price. 
Outs are quoted ut 11 to -lii cents. Markets arc 
well supplied^ 

Keep your Wool bea from tho Clovex-bar. 

vsrtuu of wool from tho eioerr-our, which mlics 
with It; it has bean found so very dlfflonll lo 
eslract It without loss of wool, that it is desirable 
to avoid it if possible. To do this an early thtar- 



We I 



I clip 1 









sliee[i-ruiii>rs upon the subject, nod wo ai 
shearing early lo April. By doing so, tho bur 
will bo avoided, aod tho value of tho wool bo in- 



StiEicnas or tii« Wasiiob Biltiu liima.— We 
have received from Messrs. Ilutchioga t Rosenfiuld 
Dcgroof s Skotcbca of Ihcso Mines, a valuable aud 
interesting work. It Will pay well for reading. 
Tbe history of silver mines will hurt no odd, if 11 
docs not orealo too prcnl a Ihirsl for wealth. 



50 _____ 

CALIFORNIA NOTES 

THE TUTJIANOLOGY OF CALIFORNIA- 



THE CALIFORNIA F A. E M E E, . 



Wc 3 Thu Indians of San Rnfnal and. North 




Bay Valleys, 




,j ; .i;.ir,- 


... (J- Ir.diaru lirinj nwr 1 'lalania 
County [of tit IV-VKw Roarfitria), taken 


in Oaob 


'. '858. 










gold 


tsltayd 
































cbeoiiv 






pine -tree 




J comalo 




biscbey 
















chucha 




























do 




roagala 








barbolis 








delist 








kallstro 


forehead 




duck 








pigeon 
i\.l. , ( n,iil 












lib 






















Oil 








hiismev 


fish 
















black 








bine 






o:ns chcucor great, big 


bnrthou 






■iii!ill. ILnKcntch 


pIpC. (Oil!! 


■ii ,ni..i-li.[li' 
















nkftle 


























handsome 








*& 












feci 




.lijil. .ii.it li alhoir 










grasshopper ehafco 


wann, bol 
























he 




blood 


baUij- 






Iotth, village napho 








.■hi-yodul 


ihej- 


me 



•x, batch et binnil 


to-day 


dammal 






yeslcrday 










light 
















darkness 






alhubsroa 


roornmj 
























l! k -hl.:ii:; 




three 
















































nine 












jord euI 


















elk 






mab 










feather 




















etone, rock hnbba 


earth quake masqucyo 










[.W<— This vm 


taken down 


from a voun 


Indian, fa 


rracrly bcl 




Sonoma Missio 


of San Fr 


n rii-.ro So 




old. Ofsom 


twenty Ci 


iforoi.-. In 


Hani, 1 have 


cat doll j tutu 


ined rUn>n-nt HbHHHHRIRWIIWI 




Urn- his 


f the Oyo 


was invariably of a burn 


to See hrc 


>d color. 


la all these vocebnlaries, it 



word, in a printed form, similar to those of tbi 
American Ethnological Society of Ken York. Tin 
foregolne; words 'arc precisely those on the snm, 



The follomng memoranda arc from th« Inftnoft- 
Uon of several American residents of Uontcroy, 
who wore among the original settlers of tho val- 
leys north of the Bay of Snn Francisco, prior to 
the year 1310. 

The Bollanos nod Tamales, Tamallos, or Tnm- 
Qiaknoj, had rancherias on Heed's tartn, Bollcnoi 

vicinities, and probably as for up ua Bodegn. Bay, 
and spoke about the same language. 

The Setcomdlo; or Sotoiuleyos lived io Russian 
River Taller, M did also tho Kauimnres. 

M MTBlue b ' lT '* e0 " VCd ° an "' wcatsiaoof So * 
Tbc Petaluraa! or the Yol-hlos lived near or 

The tribe of the celebrated Chief, named Jlnriu, 
lived near the Mission of San Rafael; their nB i gn . 
bora towards the Coast w-en.odlcd the Ni ,-„;,:,,, 



On the eastern side of the Iluicbka or Lcesi 
ranch nas the rnncberia of Lot or Lakanieilos. 

Northwest of Sonoma, on the old Wilson ran. 
(of !*«),»» the Giillll™. 

The KatnallniUnu lived nenr that town m 
near ToBu'i ranch. The Cnnnumonos lived , 

Capt.J.B.IL Cooper, 



(hem Tallareno? or from the raocherias of the San 

lin river, brought into the Mission by Ibo 

lh soldi era, belwcen 1819 to 1820. This 

Rynngeltcal business w.is brought to a closo in 

ilifornia about 182G, when General Echcandla 

gan to play (be <ft« y iar dr Stptitmbrt about the 

re of the Padres, nail the Geotilo Indians had a 

spite. When the Mexicans and foreigners began 

get grants of land north of the Bay and in the 

icramcnto anil Sun Joaquin valleys, many of the 

Christian and wild Indians wore employed by the 

ranehcros as herdsmen and farm -culti Tutors. 

Many or the Mission Indians, firom the TulEma, re- 

tnrncd to tbeir old raocherias, while tboso of tho 

Const clustered nronnd the old Missions nnd neigb- 

iring roncho;. Thi most of them gave them- 

Ivcs up Io all the rices and bad hnblts of tho 

west dais of Meiicnn*, nnd died with diseases 

contracted from such it lite, until but few of thorn 

c may be fonnd in the different Mission local!- 
throughout the country south of tho Bay. The 
race of Don Jose Marie Rispnno -Mexican o soon re- 
duced thorn ton farm -peon age, until finally since the 
gold epoch, II. Jonnthnn Smith, Esq., nnd bis 
hard crowd of miners and ruuw 



|.li:li:,[ 



l.-Hit pi 



t, thn 



w left whero formerly 
the ranch of thol name, 



only hundreds 
roamed thousands. 

The Sue cols lived c 

id between Napa and Bcnicia. 

Before reaching Clear Lake from Napa, there 

is a ranchcria called Guenocks, nnd in their 

Ighborhaod were the Locollomillos. 

On the borders of Clear I.afco lived the Lopilla- 

onnd Clear Lake in 1842. At n grand feast and 

my informants, there must hare been present 
: many as ten thousand Indiana, and It was esti- 
mated that in the country contiguous to tho Lake, 
there were as many us twenty thousand Indians, of 
different tribes and rancherias. Some fifty miles 
bomountains lo the north or cast of the Lake 
an old settlers tradition has it), tbero is, in 
of tho small Sierra Talloys, tho remains of on 
old stone-building built by nobody knows who. 
In the Sutsun valley on the ranch of that name, 
red the Suisoonesi and towards Benicin lived 
the tribe called Knrquines, whence Ibo Strnita of 
-[irtil-.ildy this tribe also affiliated with 
i living near what is now called Marli- 
ne I, opposite Bcnicia. 
On the north side of Suisun valley, the Tolenos 
nd Ulluloias had rancherias. On the eastern 
ide of the valley, towards the Bay, lived tho I'ul- 
ponea. Xorth of ibe.-c lust, juing towards. Vuen's 
Pnlpcnes, who extended into tho 
Sacramento valley. The HallapoDtns had ranche- 
as nn tho present Wnolfskill rancho, nnd wore 

The Clear Lake Indians spoko a different lan- 
guage, or could not converse with the former. The 
valley Indians could converse with those 
of Sapa and those eastward, only very partially. 
ome soy thej could not understand each other. 
The Indians of Bodega Bay spoke a different 
liom from the Kanimares. The Kaolmures had 
incherias nt Santa Rosa, Petalutna or Pa-tal- 



Beyes, over a hundred years ago, and the crow 
who tvero saved made friends with the Indians, 
and Inter- man-led and died amongst Ihcm. Their 
progenies were said to have been often mot with In 
the forenamed districts of country prior to the 
foundation of San Rafael, from their lighter color 
and more intelligent appearance. This was noticed 
parikularlT nmong some of their diici„ r particu- 
larly Marin. 

Tho Indian population or the present Stale of 
California must have been comparatively dense 
prior to tho year 17Vu. Tvnen it is considered how 
great was the facility of enjoying physical cjtist- 
enco among the Autocthoncs, from tho immense 



Molns™ : 



arlyas IBM, 



with the 



hBay 






Santa llo= 



oth. 



le thol tho lndlai 
>nl belonged to the Kaniraarres, many o 
arestlltleft. They .peak a ,li„', r , [lt dij . 
thoTamalo.orTamalano,; lbt Son0[n[ 
also .poke different Trom the Ta nflloa . 
jaios ur So-no-mii tpoki 
ilfuiis or Soo-i- 



n Rafael Indians 









ics and longnagcs 
m of the Great Ci 
ler building ihoii 



,o Alas 



ortb ei 



Morfi.in Horacs. 
.Vorw for Lvvi&mi.—S- C. Tebhctta, Ksq., o 
nopkinton, N. H., has lately sold to L. G. Ootnp- 
ton, Esq., of Louisiana, two vory valuable mures, 
vii., Nellie Clark, eight years old, throe-fourth 
Black Hawk, and .Vellie Barker, nine jesw old, by 
General Barker, ho by Woodbury Morgan, 
first- named Is one of the best mares we bnv 
bood, having sufficient size, great slrentb, beauty 
or form, speed (her noltv.:! gait being cqunl to 
mile in three minutes), nnd nil tho propt *' 



arkabli 



isals 
proved a first tote breeder, having produced tw 
seven-eightiis Black Hawk foals, one, of which wo 
soldal a year old for SI, 100, tho other being sli) 
more promising; also, other fine animals, and i 
now In foal to Mr. Tobbctla' Black Hnwk col 
Tnic-ulood. Tho other maro is a fino One, and ho 
by her side a woli-mado fitly fonl, four month 
old, by Mr. T.'s colt just mentioned. We nro gin 
to see the Increasing demand for our New England 
horses for Ibo Southern States, and trust it Tf 
nn inducement for our breeders to keep u 
blood which gives character and value to 
slock. Wo may odd that Mr. Tobbelts sends 
tho nbovo mnrcs, so fur as Kentucky, his noted 
Lady Morgan, the dam of hi; Mark Unwk fills, 
hi: jnirpofi- being to l.reed her to one of Mr. A. H. 
Hkbard'-i imported Arjh'. |. rr.biil.lv Massoud or 
Fysnl, Mr. T.'s colts alluded to, were axhibllea, 
harnessed lo a wagon, In State Sti 
since, whore they attracted the 
praise of mnnv admirers of fine horses. — [Boston 
Cultivator. 

Tho increasing demand for Morgan horse; 
Southern Stales nnd even In Europe should 
late breeders to Mercian their best judgment in 



eep up and eo 
lock. It is, I 






Hie blood nnd value of the 



that those stallions having tho best combination 
of Sherman Morgan nnd Black Hawk blood 
dncc the best roadsters. Lady Morgan, thr 
of Mr. Tabbetts' colt True-blood, is closely allied 
lo Sherman Morgan, nnd her colts by old Blaek 
Hawk, proves tho mingling of the blood to bi 
judicious i for certainly a finer animnl lhan True- 
blood will never bo seen, and the filly foal or Mellit 
Barker, lately sold to go to Louisiana, shows thai 
as a stock horso ho will be of great value, baling 
tho ability" to impress upon his progeny his one 
intrinsic worth nnd characteristics. 

The Morgans as a race hare fairly nullivcd the 
opposition ihey encountered a few years since, nnd 
it must he gratifying lo those gentlemen who con- 
lend for their saptriutiti . llin.rijjli good report nnd 
evil repori, la have the world acknowledge the 
of their judgment. At a recent show 



ofhor 



a, thoy 



uiTtn-l f.,rthu best roni 

Twenty-. 



ind doll 



:, grades, and Morgans, ei 



Dwarf Pears for Markor- 
. young Pomologist" applies to the editor of 
the N. Y. Horticulturist, or some of lu correspond- 
J, for information on the following points: 
I. I '.in dwarf pears l.t grown firk-llublr for mar- 



ket? 



Tht 



1 fully qunlificd to 



if blood. After 

attempt to cast slurs upon them 
to he hoped that iho farmers of 



o cashed be 
.nty Hunk. 



-•adily a: 



Vki 



, un,l,,r 



leys of Hoi 

profound subject not to b 
t state of the Study of M: 
ilk botanists affirm that I 
ranny as twenty-five species of cone-bi 

these pines et least eight species p.odu.;. ,!lii,|'.. 
nuts, always extensively uned by tho Indiin. r rr , rn 
one end of the Stole to the other. There ore nlso 
ten diilcrent oaks, tho acorns of which continue lo 
be a favorite food of Ihc Indians. The Flora of 
California Is said indeed to include the wannjjrfnl 
aombw of By, thousand different species of plants, 
and io onc f ibe m ost abundant, celebrated, cu- 
tting, of any country on the 
id continues to excite tho adml- 

■tanlsts of the first scCol,' o" America and 

and Lindloy of F.Jn^LTvt "^ °' H ° 0k " 



ree-hreeding in Xew Hampire," says: Fot 
fen- years Xoiv Hampshire has been follow- 
wbolcsomo example of her sister Stales it 
; her attention more particalnry to improve- 
i the breeding of horses, and innmeason 
•ing her former reputation for interest in tht 
ement of this most beautiful and useful of 
I. Since so much interest has been n 

ttock; a stock well descrviugof tholrw 
epaiatfon as the best of the horse kin 



■ace; New Hampshire people, feeling prood of 
c production of this roost noble of sires, te< 
ive aroused from their slackness in tho h 



ihoiit-1. thi, change bus been but of io 

tho best of them. 

Mr. J. C. Tehbetts of Hopklnton wo 
first lo take nn interest in the improy. 
horso in New Hampshire, and his success as we 
as thai of others, has been well established. Hi 



f the 






Europe, 



csplen 



light from tht 



it or mankind" hlv 



« found ._ ... 
oung stallions by old Block Hi 



if the 



their , uni ,d „,..,],,,-, ,,,,!, Morgan, a C d- 
';-" lantofihe Old Shurriinn, both by dro and 
powir ?M 7V"T '''"tf* haS ««1^ to 

ui„,tM'„.: , 'i:""7," f ,. QK ' ; un " 1 J "! ,,! ; ""-■ '■"'Ivhi i,r 



Black Haw! 
judges claimed fo 
Ilia color' - 



!■■■■ ientatfon of Ms race. °Th!e^ 
universally admired, of romarka 
■ l ". 1 piii.nii:, iln.l f.ir i-lnsti.-itv „r- 
equal to.the eldest. T 

Mr. TehbetU, we understand,!, 
this stock throughout the counl 
not wo shall soon see the odvao 
his wise course, and thai tho r 
stable will giro his stock just cc: 






Kngli 

— -J ■!.. 
of n single tree, by 



i " i1 "" v: ' ""H ■i.i-.i.thv ;„■ ii,,,,. ;„,i,, i„,i,."".-| 

i:''' l Nm'',' 1 r ,',',., .I; 1 :;. ,'':' ■'':!- 'i 1 " 1 ■ »« 'i'iVV,: 

:i .,i..»: ■ ■ . ;. :, ;.//:, ';'■',„,. !','■. ' ;l ' 



TTsafnl Informatdou 
We copy the following communications frnm 
tho Germnntown Telegraph : 

UOM.OW uoa<f ts (onj. 

I formerly did as 1 believe everybody else did 

with a case of this disease, vis: Bore thn boras, 

cut Ihe tail, and turpentine the back, which will 

often-times give relief. But for the last two years 

have practised differently, being a mcthnd that I 

ras informed rarely failed in curing a case of this 

ind- It is this ; Take one table-spoonful of Sue 

saltpeter, ono of fine salt, one of ground black 

ppcr ; add to this Boar and water enough to 

ike it into pills; it will make three pills about 

large as a hulled walnut. These make 111 

..linn- In Ihla wo. - Tlni-i. hnr lied in llm I 






■.-ll.il 



the i 



This disease frequently affects Ihe flow of milk 
very much. It can be prevented by putting quick- 
lime whore the cows will step into it often. To 
cure it I use blue viiri.il r.ouiidei] line, moistened a 
little with water to make it stick. 1 then clean 
out between tho hoofs thoroughly, and put in a 
little of tho vitriol, say a tea-spoonful to a hoof. 
It will soon effect a cure. If it is tho fore-foot, it 
is easily done without tying. If tho hind fool bo 
Intne, I lake a couple of strnps and tic around just 
above the knee, light enough to draw the muscle 

1 bnve tried other cures, such ns drawing a tarred 

rupv through, b.iekwiird nnd furwurd. and putting 
— '■ in, ten., but I think tho vitriol tho most 



Is your publication of yesterday, "A Monlgnm- 
ry Farmer" inquires through you, whether any of 
our readers have mi ;td potato'.-.- after rula bagas, 
nd desires to know the result. In reply I would 
iiy I have a small lot nf two acres, which I keep 
a constant tillage, as follows: Half of tho lot I 
plant in potatoes in the spring, and the other half 
with rye In tho fnli. The following season, 
my rye is harvested, I plow my stubble- 
id and plant rata bagas. My polnto-ground 
in rye, and in tho spring I plant potatoes 

5 I had mtn Ikij-.i.-. For ii-w.-rol years I have 

tilled the lot in thi- m.inn, ,-r, and liud'ilpnys ad- 
ihly. Off the half of this |„t j rui-rd'iliirl v 



[nimlr.'.l ;,„■] fifty Lu;!,i;1j of pol, 

.11 lot of two acres pavs 

c sum of SUno. 



ally t 



NURS ERY BUSINESS. 

NURSER Y,|| 

Corner or Folsom asd Spark hi" reel* 

-» DOLORES SAM FRASCISCo' 

A CflOIOE COLLECTION OF 

8 potass. 

TUE LAKOEST AHO BE3T ASaOllTHENT OF 

FIRST PREMIUM ROSES and DAHLIAS. 

Evergreen and Ornamental Shrubbery, 

M^etoOrdW. " °" ° 3e°MBR 4 OJMRE, * 

BLACKBERRY PLANTS, ETC. 

STho undersigned now efTors for sale part ol 
hLH Coo col Let ion of superior BEIHV 
PLANTS, at the follamoj bedocid »i™ 
Each kind warranted genuine. 

Blackberry Plants. ' 

LuiHon.orSen; Itochelle,. gW,. 

Uorrhriter, or Ini|.:.-i..r! ' i ^.i, !:,..!, 
t":«-- I'.lfM- il 1W ,| 

Gooseberry Bushes. 

Houghton't ScedUnrj, ono year from cutllap, t 5 

Strawberry PIflntJ. 

Prince of Orieini a 5] 

Raoy 10 j 

BalmcpnlifliTr Plants, Mo yean olo", Spe 

sent 10 GRAVES <t WILLIAMS, Ha. 7) 

Co.-ii P:>|,n-.... 0'.tl.i,>j.»ill :. :■.;..- prompt Bllcntlou. 

ISAAC E. ROMFORD. 

GOLDEN-GATE 
30" XT It S JE3 H. "S" , 



HARDY EVERGRBES HIIRUliBERY, 
GREES-HOUSE PLANTS, 
GVEltGREKN CLDiBISG VOTES, 
ROSES, in 200 varieties, including line standards, 
DAHLIAS, FCCHSIAS, CARSATIOKS, 
and a general naiortmant of 

FloirerlDg Plants for lire Garden, 



its carefullr packed for tho interior orfor a 
Cat alooues will be fo married bv mail, no 
lo tho undersigned. 

TV. C. WALKER, Pmrirlot 



. If ' 



li.it i 



.'. Innlr-ii, I'm .-I), ■-:-.■ .r.\„,- ,„„. 

Liiloiimr; (Elelle Lucrative), Huurr," 



r. Rcurn-!lir:l. Tln.-f.Lo- 



bnbly o 



Jm ten lo twelve feel. " -1. A inndv I,.,,.,, ,,f 

good botly, well drained. 

We have ansv.cn-. 1 liie- 'iijcitions of "A Young 
l'i.ou.l.j-i-1, ' bill be will have much more to learn 
a Le can grow tbc penr successfully oo the 



Groat 1 1 . .. ot 1. n-ii. 

I Amedot irranl re 






nd begun to lamh, and from So ewes the prod,.,., 
as 102 lambs, there being twenty pnir or Ire™ 
nd one of trlpUU. At this rate, from 3uu cirej. 
io owner anticipates nearly 400 lambs. This ii 
uroly a profitable business. 



Jl.iKr.r 



o Janvis 1 l«L*f 



Wlllp 



—Tho disco 
■nd the ouantily of gua, 
o a revolution in Ibo guano 

.lalityis the beat known, a 
it con be sold at two thirds tho price of Pcruvii 
only ships have loaded at tho Islands! 
20,000 tuns have been already shipped. 
Bj the n.lr.1, and the doeWo,, „, i.^ I i , 
" I" 1 " Pcuvioa, for while Ihe Peruvian Is 
onia, Ibo American is nearly aarenly.fire per 
phosphates, composed of birds, seals, fish 
and volcanic matter. These immeuselv val- 
e islands arc Ihe property of the American 
' : """ ,f- «• Webb, Ksq., j, at il„- 



Hare Hard7 Plants. 

gjjfijf MAGNOLIA GRAHDtFLORA, 
['EPi'f.lt-TrtKEa— nnrdy jVr-rgrceii, 
CFLE3TE FIG— >ns(Ul pink frulU from New Orl< 

nuonoriENDiioN ardoreum, 
PlTTOBpORUMS-junilDUni-icoTited vhlie 



ARAUCARI.l IIIDWII.LM, 



EMJI.I.-^ LAUREL, 
LAURIE a AM AH DIE R— Eioci-onoje, 
■ETROSlDEItOS-iciij-l'i-ol JociS I 
Cireliai. i 
BERNUDA GRASS-ROOTS, 
For Sola at the G0LDEH DATE HTmSEBY, eerner 
" Fourth and Folsom streets. dr 



100,000 

FRUIT TREES 



id the plca, u .» „ , mt , upon a very uona- 

i lu number, which SAN LORENZO NURSERY! 



;odoflt.-[ l V."Y. ■ 



ll.i-v,- 



l:..— Ere, 



"y grain-grower and 
jould ace that he has the vory best 
ituplemc.a to do his work with. A cheap har 
«t«r I. n poor thing. The bat reaper rmd mower 

«XZZ:™Z' :£?'' :';•'•■"•'■ 

.„_. ... ■ 7' cnt ,0 ,!|C ""Iriction Ii labor well 

. .i mute our readers to call at T. Qa e 

'"" ' -^"-ulwral Implemen. War.il,,.., .. .,",, 

.eyw.II learo macb , [Mr ldniI||p ^^ 

ell to visit this city and 



other purposes, ii 



■I,---- ">"■ i."i-i|.t f,,| f „,, - 1 " 1 '-'" corn, ono 

P"I'P". Il.in, - li ||„|,., lL ,,. '",'"■ '"'[lOOulul „i 

Top into fat and fry like Tri«c [S l,"'" '""" 
nrj, "dd a |i,i ]t ^ij^ to ■,"'-- ew J < & B corn is 



Four miles abara Ssu Loandro 



Apple, Pear, Plum, Cherry, and Apricot 

TREES, 

loir oxe to four reins- ghoitth, 

The mojt of nhioh hnvo been ftrafted from- hearlor Lrm. 

and are well adapted to this climate, orabiaelcr tl 

CHOICEST VARIETIES I 

Auo-LWARF PEAK OH AHOEHS QUDt« 

Peach, Koetarine, and Fig- Trees ! 

CALIFORNIA AHD FOREIGN 

RASPBERRY, CURRANT, ?§ 
AND ROSE BUSHES. ^ 

prraiJth"Sad lr ° -" l -""-"" h lt,ff "I", are of tblim 
GROWN ENTIRELY TfTTnonT IRRIGATIOS- 
ill of which will be Bid at ftroatly r«dntod prir* 
Purchasers are reipeotiulij requoited to call indei' 
mine uj trees, as I desire to e ire BattifactlDD, bolt t= 

TormiCasb. AH erden promptly attended to. 

Address j, LE1YELLIN0, 

J~ San LortnW- 



TO SHEEP FARMERS. 

,' |,|Ll ' A;;^ , ' i .;";:--,''.-.' i -'.! '"' 




p. ,M fn ,^ AN TED, 

!-'■ '. !, , !;■■._;■ .:'■:'; .li-i'l-f^w", 
«or-™ca, s f, En , Ddre °»^«-«Oalee, 




THE CAIIFOBN IA F ARMER. 



51 




WULI-. tin- w.M."-s. Iup-. lt-|.LtJK lulluhy 
II.. \„.' |,!..-.-i.| Is- In-, liirr,.!.. Ik-'.' rcjycdhe! la* P 1 ""' 
So mum 'in 11 awake him to labor again. 

Yon irtc that will] ii.ijr.in.-r ;- filling the air. 

i«T,i ivitii ir- ll.i-vNi-. ... IlinlV.- and fj". 

B> hi» o«n hand km r-Lmled; nnd well ■'''' " r '■■>"• 

[,- w .M livf when iu Water had mouldered away. 
— - " . . , - . . . * ■ - .._.] n. Wt ,-raln. 



So mow Iron 1" depths by Mm it iTarawn, 
For Iho "pitcher Is broken," ihe olJ nan i ' ,;. r .-. 

He hw plowtd bis last furrow, he't reaped hulast grain. 

Mo morn shall awaio bun lo labor again. 



"r.t!.tlmB-^ 


ng day when 


bn old fan 


ai-rdi 


■d— 












































Son 


mibaliank 


him lo labor 


again. 










nut the old 


rmerwaj 






























turn gold all 




















■d ihall iwak 


himlo labor 


ngwn. 








Curious 


Fanoy ol 


a Hon. 




Ws 


recently sa* 


n nest high 




OAk- 


«o 






from the ground. A 










very dciiruble positi 






tree b 




argo branch 


k: limb; 


lrom 


the 


body. 


Here a pin 


e was forme. 


euflicie 


liy I 


rge 


for a 


en to moke 


a not, and here she 


dupof 


ted 



:e eggj. 



■arte* 



fiy from ttic trea every day, 
lion to be made, when ibe 
ruber than disturb it n bo 
and the motherly 



used no 



id; bat 

i It a box was made round it, 

ben is now thankfully siitinf 

her yenng shall bronlilhc shell 

ted in bringing her caufcling brood 



Never Waste Tomr Ashen. 
How often we find large heaps of nehes ai 
iho farmland ranches of the country, and often 
where there is same danger from lire. We would 
»rgo all our farmers who have fruit treef, to re. 
member that ircW oiliii is excellent for jnocn trtei 
and nlso for garden-soil when the land is wet o 
heavy- Pooi mha should be given lo prar am 
cberrg- trees, and all waste brine and pickle lo th- 
plum. There is a use for everything. Ifjoahnvi 
no trees, throw aiha into the cattle-ynrd, or upon 
the manure-heap, and if you will not tnl 






■eyoor 



mebody will h 



if only carted lo 



TO THE AGRICULTURAL PUBLIC: 



TJse your Straw. 

How many tuna of straw ore bnrned annually in 

California, or permitted to lie upon the fields nnd 

ill lo keep cattle clean 
preservation of cattle 
and 'beep io health, the saving of stock from 
death by reason of cold rains and. Chilling winds, 



THE SUBSCRIBER DESIRES TO EXPRESS TO HIS FRIENDS AMD PATIMWS, HIS W ATOl 
u™rrrf thank, for their kind and much-needed iopaort during Ihe put year, wblah baa far wooded hi> 
injoino oipectatlons, and wnloh be hope* to retain by panning mnh a conn* oa moy be (aiiifactory to hl> 

Patron) and honorable (e himaelf. 

» «„ta, .before to ..II to* >!«.»» to . Un of .... T U» >»»■• ••"'"• * bitb » »"' 

offer for sale for 1660: 

THU A. SHERS: 

PITTE' GEHOIKE BUFFALO TBBABHEB, 8 and 10 borrower, with an attachment fo 
maanrlng and registering the number of bushels thratbed, and bagging Ihe pain. 

C. M. Russell's Masslllon, Ohio, Tncafllier, 8 nod 10 horsc-porecr. 
Hairs Celebrated Canton, Ohio, do 8 and 10 do 

The Albany, Sew Yorb, d° 1 and 2 do 

Tbe above Machines were Made Expressly to Order for Ihe California Market. 

Al», have on hood, ertra Caitup, Draptn, Elevator*, Cylinder Teolh, 4c., le., or alt tbe aboifl maohinei. 

THE CALIFORNU COMBINED REAPER A D HOWER ! 

Towbieh wn« awarded the FIRST PREMIUM over the New York Reaper, on trial as a Combined 
Rwper and Mower, at the Alameda Counly Acrienllor.1 Fair, held In Jon, laj>L Al», the «me award wo. loada 
at the State Fair.held at Sacramento, in September ia.t, and at tbe Santa Clara County Fair, held In San Jote.ln 

Yoox attention it also ealled to a nntice given it, below, by numerone tnetnbew of the State 
Agricultural Society. 

PECK'S HEADER AND HARVESTER ! 

To which was also awarded the FIRST PREMIUM al tbe Sinus Fair, and al the Santa Clara Count; 
Fair. 

Tto.e "Very IB est Harvester in TJse. 

SICKLE SECTIONS. 

SICKLE SECTION'S for McCORHlCK'S, HUSSEY'S, BURIHLI/S, SEYMOUR' 4 MORGAK'S, 
1'Al.Mi: i: t WILLIAMS', and 1L1X.VVS (with Wood's Impaovemeot) REAPERS. Also— 
EXTRA CASTINGS AND BRASS BOXES FOR THE ABOVE MACHINES. 






Sunr.r Ritaiwi— The editor or the Hydrnulii 

Pie;s |sts ^ntbusinsti.: on Ihe subject of aheej 

railing. After advising ihe farmers of Nevadi 

; ^oooty toL-neage mote eilcnsively in the buBincs 



ireaqoene?B which they would give it 
ily are the greeo hills of spring, doited 
IC (fro ops of nibbliDg ;btcp iinil playful 
i the bine sky is doited with .louds 1 



I'jt.lir.i-. Iv ■llr.il !u i.drnpJK- ilie riars of heaven 
10 thtui! How tbe irnvtln would lit ddLf-h-.. <i 
with tin. vlic!.- [.j'V.hill couiilri. il llu-V- of ?lie.; f . 
b"jri.-i:nJ lli'V ili'[.iiri'i[ (i|i(,!i llic .il ...|lir,.. : (: ii,., ;.,;., 
l.i []■ ..it ii ili': graceful Daks or Ibo outcropping rock. 



BrniJt 


of water, even if artificial, is like an eya 

s'Sntertsl'and Ibis cjprejJiun are olways' 
ed by tbe presence of flockj and berdr, 
ink thcmselYes to nur sympathies a; thev 
r to all our waota, and enablen" lo com- 
c beautiful with tbe useful.' ' 


bjlbi 


itb Fboh Pott-TUV.— At a 1Mb diictuilon 
Concord fanners' Club, as reported in the 



L follows ; "Last year he had twenty bona, and i 

V onehundr"! jihI i".fr.- ■ lik^u ■ . Jid not know how 
many i-gg f ; hi.- In.n ■ t; ,.t | K ll".w ol ptr Jiv. Tli' 
jear lit had IbiriJ ben-; in January be bad lip 
do,:'n. ll'jii;-ln ..il. Iiuodred and fifty pounds 
tji.i'. imil h'.'i't it liy ili-iu ivliil'j it lifted ; be puui 
did up tin lionet j the hens cat pounded bon 

■ greedily, lie give! them warm dough once adi. 
ib culd weather. If we keep hens for the eggs 

■ only, hcthiut- the Poland, or lilac k Spanish, or 

B His more pn.CuJ.lv u, r..i ■:■ chickunsj fats hens 

« ■ them. Horn ,I,...,|.J i,i : ir...i.'j p-ntly; heas that 

■ are perfectly Ume will lay twice as many eggs as 

■ wild ones. He think* hen manure belter than gu- 



XURSBRY CIRCULAR. 

FOREIGN AND NATIVE GRAPES, 

AND GENERAL NURSERY STOCK, 

OFFERED THE PRESENT SEASON OF 1859 AND 1860, BY 

A.. P. SMITH, 

at The 

POMOLOGICAL GARDEN AND KUESEEIES, 

SACRAMENTO, Two.nna.it.bolf Miles from Ihe City, 

AND AT THE 

OFFICE ASD DEPOT VOB. TREES, 4+ J itntt, between Second and Third alreeta, 

SACRAMENTO CITY. 

TUB CULTIVATION OP THE GRAPE, AND THE PLANTING OP VINEYARDS UPON AS 
tensile Kale, Is at the present time exclllnf a lively interest amour; the peuidn of our Slate. 
Thn congeniality of our soil nnd climate, nnd tho success which fans thus far oltOLdcd the opera- 
iniin tberinqjnrd, are eicltlog the attention uf hundreds to this subject, and destined to make vtnB-gronlne: 
id wiBO-inakbr one of the CTeat Interests of our State. IVlth the nurld !■,* . mulct, vtbo ean oJtimalo the 
jalth that will hereafter accrue t° our i-ec-rle In the manufactnra and asportation of nine. This State ana this 
Unst yet In Infancy, and this sreat intorcit Li of such ninenltuile that it Li of the first Importance to begin 
aright. To do this, ire (honld now aieortaln what bi to be the vost ElitaABM onar-n ro ootttvlTB, especially 
ikloK- The Calitbrala or Los Anjoles r»pe makes a good and plenum nine, and while rani claim it 
id aa any for making wine, tbe majority of oiperieneed growers pronounce It inferior, nnd soma assert 
that It will be eopersedod by soraoother and a much bolter crape. Among ovorose iiunanaD Tariotiesof g-rapo 
itedbyni,thoC*UPOislA()E*ea has alnayi prored lo bathe most tender, while the Vnsca and Q«b- 
rn]« Invariably resists the fmslj that hava been m tery doslruellvo lo our California grape. This is a very 
ant point ioeitnhllih, ai the lot. by Trust In fomo wine-dbdrlets alone, would bo Tory great, and themfmo 
thoattentlcnof tboooltiratorshenldbo directed to atlaioiue a hardy class or grapes. Eiporimeat alone tnnit 
dstermina this, and whatever eiperioace we have niroady attained ahoold be carefully noted ani Itoprored npon. 
For some years trr have been most direful ly i ■«;[n-riirn:niiii' n ' upon nnd propagating from a tery largo 
stock of Ihe finest kinds of foreign grapes, and whllo moil of tbeie have nmTed riRriCTLi lunnr, the CiLtroa- 
>fi a grapo has hion enli rely killed. At the some time no two opinions waetly agree aa to their iBperlorltj In 
other raspootl oyer our nnllro grap«. Thus It will be seen that Ihe wlne-jmpes of Euro]* hare so far prored to 
IKSsen a Tery decided adruntate orer Iho grape new bring culUvnted nnd known as the Los Angeloj (rape. 

With these points established, and with tbe upiulona of prnuticol wino-growera of Europe to sus- 
tain us, theraeanbono reawnahlo doubt of the ■t-raonccrioH II rnisiiATaof the Inost wine-grapos of Europe. 
The /orsurii grapea haying a world-wide reputation as tcuie, luitt, and raisin grapes, and having 

come very exteniivoly cultivated. We cannot sufficiently Impress upon those about tu plant vineyard-, our own 
opinions and preferenees for this class of grapes, bolieriri; as we do, that iho varieties to be eventually (elected 
from this ouus will be ttewa to tfaa exclusion of all others. We would not by any means wish to discoarage Iho 
iunntiusof the Cit-lroaiHA OriArE, nhioh li Indeed a useful and raluabla grape, and of which wa sail largely; 
but when Hhaa to Mmoln competition with varieties of auranion visit, it must necessarily give place to them. 
From manyof tboforelgn grapei we have oiperlmented In kim I1AKISO, and while all hav 
vrlae-grapei, soma of Ihe kindi hatfe ,;■■■.,■..■•; rteVb oaolbisD rjpiruoairi as to lei 

article uf wino that will iBiirJvo by aso and be ut fur cir-.'rlnlioli. Till iire.'cnl rea-ou wo ha. v — . 
„„„ [iirrBMMT iiMir uflhi'da.. uf jrapoF, as well (u a largo quantity from tbo Csllfon 

aoother.ca.on we hop* lobe able toi perl tn.nfnify ilao a»da some j — : ■■■ 

' ■ -luiably prepared In^his country. 



re no doubt in tha 



: experiments In 



riM and we have no d™hl bnt that the very Duett quality „f raiilns can be prohtably Prepared In this country, 
a wkhlo draw (ho attention of iiartlol 10 our txloniive 'lock of (bi-clius of grajic. which am tnrj select, and 
bleb aohavc been pnipiiTJlln-f-ir •nr...r:il j-un ti lir h 'j (i|.nm, hnvini; hurelof to limltfl our sales till the 



and 1- Ihe 1 



in Ibi- .-I 



furnish by the hundred 



H3 O XI S EI RAKES. 

WHITE'S PATENT STEEL.- TOOTHED BUGGY HORSE RAKE; 
WILCOX'S REVOKING HAY RAKES, 6, 10 and 12feot. 

BUYER'S FARM MILLS, for Feea, Corn Meal or Ploar; requiring bot two-horso 
power. The cheapest farm mill in uao. 

PREMIUJi FANNING MILLS, of our own make and the bent imported. 

INGERSOLL'S PATENT HAY PRESSES. 

GRANT'S GRAPE-VINE GRAIN CRADLES. 

KIMBALL'S PATENT SCYTHES jnul SNATHS, notched heels; the Tory beat pnt- 

HAY PORKS, BARLEY FORKS, bath rteol end wood. 

WILCOX'S THREE-BOWED HANB RAKES. 

HOVEY'S HAY CUTTERS, nil sizes. 

RUBBER BELTING, all wiaths. 

MONKEY WRENCHES. 

GARDES HOES and RAKES. 

SKELETON iGLOD-CRUSHEE OR FIELD ROLLER (homo manufacture). 

GRINDSTONES, all siies. 

PATENT ATMOSPHERIC CHURNS; the beet cbo.ro in uae"(homo manufneturo). 

CHEESE PRESSES, eelf-ncting (home manufneturo). 

LACE LEATHER; LUBRICATING MACHINE OIL. 

LESLIE'S CHILLED IRON SAFES. 

EXTRA POWERS, 1, 2, 4, G, 8 nnd 10 Horse. 

EXTRA TRUCKS nnd EXTRA LEVERS. 

f«- REPAIRING DONE ON SHORT NOTICE. -&. 



THOS. OGG SHAW, 

33 SACRAMENTO STREET, 
San. Franotsoo. 

'a, Ihe undenlcned, member* of the Slate AKricullnral Society of California, hareseea and elamined Ihe 
]y unproved OALIFORKU COMBINED IlEAPEK AND alOlVER, manufactured by THOHAfl 000 BHAT7, 
of Ean FranelKO, California, for which a patent bat been applied for; and, in onr Judpuont, no eonildor It ono nf 
the [rsaleil Improvement, that hu irawmi under our oburrallon, of the kind j and m ehecrfnlly recommend to 
\h? farming comDunily (ai it I.- purely a California Invention) thli machtno, aa one or tbe bait Combined Reapers 
Bad Mover) now In me, ult conlalni many decided aud valuable improvement). 
Sacraxuvo, January 18th, I860. 



let loner ralei than heretofore offe 
Wc wish it to be distincliy understood tbnt onr stock bus been nil grown by ourselves from bear 
inc vines in our own vineyard, and we countoralo only sauli us we can luruisb in largo quantities. 
Wheua thoutnnrl or more- vinC3 are ordered, fho selection of kinds will partly rest with ua, bnt will 
thefo][oirin;anortmiot: 

that Ihcyihould name (o as the iiroporlloni lhoyderirarorTA»r.« ant 



rgo And purple berry, one of Ihe finest and most lus- 

WillmOtfs Black Hamburgh— Est™ or ili nary be«cr, nnd fruit with immense iircd bcrde=, differ- 
in" in elutjKj from other hcrrici. 



Black Ptinca— I-orge, Itry productive, ri 
Blank Morocco— Very proline, largo dust 
Black St. Peters— bong oud lnrge cluster 

Black Frontignan— a good grape witii i 
Cannon Hall Mnscat— Unc of ihe largo 

Chaaselas of Fcntaineblean— A while, 

Early White Sweet-water— a woll kno 

' than tbe California grape, nnd a gre 

Early Wnito MalvoUon— Euriy, nnd s 
Frontignan Mnscat— Very finr 
Drizzly Frontignan— A good 
Lashmier's Seedling"— White, g. 
Large Eose of Pern— a lurgi 
McEearly'B Early Wnite-Vti 



Ciiinun IS cm.— Trifling as the sobjccl may ap- 
pear, yet it iii of Importance. If it is D l import- 
ance lo have sound leelli in miiMlE lift and old 
age, proper precaution mn.-t It ujt-1 in ..i.ilJii,,,.. i 
Tli..- L-.sl.Li (.f iln-wini7 /.mi '-. like ns,[.liiMir i-uull 



. who indulges In the 
I this ..II. The habit, 



Jl.Lri < 



limey, 



A. 11. Myers, 

Wm. Rufai Langley, 

B. B. Crocker, 
Elam Carrington, 
M. P, Bnller, 
A.R.IIU1, 



C. S. Levell, 
'R. B. Woodward, 

loi. Lenull, 
E . F. Manldln, 
W. Wt Light, 

T, G. Phtlpa, 
John A Sell, 



CeL Warren, 

Kdlior CaUhirnlt Fa 
A.Lamotl, 
II. II. lleoilen, 
Ed. Savir, 
J.P.Malcblor, 

Jot. Uarrir, 
J. Form an, 
P. A. McRat, 
V7. H. Pukl, 

J. Uorrlll, 
Wd. Rabc, 
Jacob L. Lewli, 
■!'■■■■ Etcpenitlne, 
B. R, Crocker, 
0. 0. Jenkt, 



0. C. Wheeler, 

Co.. Pee. CaL Stale Af. Soclely. 
W. Wadreonb, 

Editor OaluoralaCulturliL 
Jot B. Bllrer, 

WDwn Blot, 
A. Johnson, 
Allemni Davison, 
It. Gibbon*, 
□ hark. J. Collini, 
II. C. llurrlgo, 
Joi. n. Kovitt, 
John E_ Roger*, 
F. K. Hhattnok, 
H. Cronkil., 
J. 0. 9arb>, 
J. 6. HarhHon, 
Charim Ziltlar. 



. Thofollon 



i, ibi-li.-if.rihs."| 



very delicious. 

d giyes promise Of bning n very Quem'or j/rayr. 
;e fruit, sweet mid very duliutouB. 
and mur-ky flavor. 



ve grape, mcdiun 
it grape, being m 






Syrian— An immense bearer, very large, a late sort. 
, line flavor, good (otfc grape. 

ic, medium bearer, tiigli Itavor, believed to be good for leinf, 
iuperlor grape, and very proliGc. 
ilio, and a fine while grape. 

inc, the very (incslof tubtc grapes, and of exquisite flavor, 
c, great bearer, incompMublo as n talte grape, and promiset to 



Hgntm— A very fine grnpe. White Frontignan— A very delicious grape. 

'U grapes consist of the California grope from one lu three v ears, Isahclln, Cnluwbu, Cbn- 
rd, and Rebecca. Some ai ill., tui.-r are new aorta, und ut ihesc wo arc nut largely 
I season. We parti.-ulurlv u-t [iLhiHts of viii,.s-nril-, tu review our rcrnnrka in this cord 



9? 35 3* 

HNAW 

ilishment this 
f fruit, <ra iwk 
imonrWllcVal 



FBUIT AND ORNAMENTAL TREES. 

The Trees offered from the above estublisbmeut Ihls season ure more than nsnally fine, nnd in the 
H'.° f . e i?^!'i n ? °"" iit -"?- i !°' u " " ,D '"fgost collection in tho State, onr eatalogue 



NUMBER OF VA1 

AlPPLBS, nbout 2SL ._ 

t'i. '. n- . '100 VDriaties ; 
Plums. 50 variotics; 

CuKRaiEH, 50 vnrintica ; 
We heiitnte not in aaylnc that our Pear and Charry 
ilie!, being from 6 foot to 12 and H fort bich. Thn 

bandrornoly .hajwd, an olesanlly ndo|.i-.l lz.r.1 

■hade and fruit. Oftbei" 



Peaches, 75 varioliee; 

Nbctaiunks, 20 vnriotica ; . 
Apricots, 12 vnriotios ; 

Geai'es, 1U0 varieties. 

ro the finejt aver oflorod lor >a1a in thlt Stale, t 
r portion beln E not only of very large tint, hut 
atTordlng Iho double advantog 



Froiit we otTcr la.CCO Traea far a 
low as good Tree* can bo bought at any dril-claa Nnnery In Ibe Stat*. Man. nereoas have hod but pool 
with Cherry Tree* In Ibl> State. We date for their Information lhal 

Our Citerry Trees an; groan upon Die true imported Mazzard Hock, and nut upon c 
JVaiileor Ortgon ttock nf IhU Coait, 



>g tba only ib 



nonstock of tha follonlD Gl iir 



Apple, Plum, I'eacU, Nectarine, Apricot, Fie, ana AUu'ona 

f™« 1 n^"b llMt0 T ,kC K llODOf ^ ■ B1 " 1 '"*•• Vuttaba ™"" d hM *" 1*11 K- the growlar ofth* 
Muoa. ^"^X'TZUTr^T^tJ sa " lnlM O0 """ °»a | ' nl "' '""i "I" be round in the market IhU. 

Shade and Ornamental Trees, Shrubs, Roses, and Greenhouse Plants 

established in thesoil, the, are of very rapid growth. Abio, ^ '" ° f * wd ,fU * ad " h ' n "*' 



Locust; Lumifot, or Qoun Cmt K j Uintr, in TWicty; Lindes, Enropcao __ ... 
Catilpjs ; Ouika, nnd other Trees. 

"i ,ir .™"! D . n .°L T ? IE CAMELLIA, « 

tory. It la 



- Wk call pnrlici 



tS»WB GUARANTEe 
Far more minute particalnn uf Shrnbi 

'VEGETABLE BEED-Weln' 



■a homo- plan 

Jn NURSKa? i 

a OATALOOUE3, 



> of tha pleaiuro (roooda 



tent by a 






53 

ffijp teliiarira jtamw. 



"~ TH^ OAL IFOBK IAJgAlMJl: 




OTOSELVEB-A SEECIAI KOTICE. 

^Iber which Is often btfcn 



But ■* rood 



il addressed by a 



,»ke, o. 



V"u f apposed °lher than ili-j really 

II name below, and hope* •>"" ^*» 
rrors in the carl will havo the- kiud. 

'* ja'SesTl. L. F. WARREN, 

ana prutM Editor and P«.p.i-I°r, 



Fine- Elocka af Shaep. 
AKOKtl the several herds of Sheep on 



this is well. Ono of 
.found nu that of B. F. Ilyndcra, Esq., 
,onnWio-sldc— a selected lot of over 
,o Ewrs, wilh which nrc now Half- 
blood Bock-, and about 200 Lambs, the prettiest, 
say, we have seen: all choice American 
Of these, wo have mode mention elsewhere 
ag twenty pairs of twins, elc. Mr. Ryndera 
ill be proud of his little Hock. It is just 
.i— onij cnoiot. From these Mr. R. intends 

,„ jfl n p, soon adding Full-bloods. Hero wt 

Toond an admirable shepherd, one Hint understood 

me of lambing, and wo witnessed his care. 
Bat Until of Scrip- 
ihepberd ond will 
iH'owhio)." How Important to a sheep-raiser to 
ave a "good shepherd," nod wo felt oucfricDd It. 
id-such. He would sleep with bis sheep lo core 
ir and gourd them. Patrick u o trvc Shepherd. 
Jlr. Ryndera bos a splendid J!o on lain -ranch ol 
may thuuiaud acres, of hill and volley too, and 
iisturage enough for a houdred thousand sheep, 



Gnu 



o the ; 



oaths, reh 

it is colled) of splendid French and Spaois! 

Herioo Sheep which have bi 

our Stole, and as Ibis (object 

in B letter received from A. 

(bat which we are onable to Gad room for this 

week), it is proper wb should mi 



■When the 



i Bocks whii 



whetn 


illbeiw 


hc-sdbko " 


ours? 


As Mr. 


Bingham sn 


for*™ 






into A 


arwdac 


only, we tt> 


aeqntr 


tboto 


mber bofort 


As was tail 




breeds 


, of which we sjiok 


Patter 


OD.Eiq 


ofN.Y.),b 


demand for he 


WUDtS all t 


Hie I 


America, and oot 


andw 


believe 


it. la ale 



eaningof that 



them. To Mrs. Murray an 
thanks for hospitalities recei 
several bright boys who lovci 
were pleased lo find they n 



We found much 



•object, aoa although his letter was a private ooe, 
the facts be gave us are such we can use them, we 
know, lo advance great public goad. Mr. P. say! 



subject 



Onlifon 



tof collie and sheep, 
the reason that there are no! a sufficient onmbt 
that kind in America to do it," 

While on this subject we should not forget to 
lo our readers that all the stock that comes to 
State either by steamer or overland is not jfrsf- 
Speeolotion induces to importntioa of much e 



itock, t 



pure blood stock, should neve: 
£100, or 5300, in the price of 
any breeder. Purchase fron 
the lull, and it will prove the 
We believe every purchaser 

* purchases they have made, an 
credit and profit to themselve: 
Stale by such enterprises, 
this great troth: California 
iUci-d wilh blood stock, and 



:mbor ibe il 

Notices of Artesian Wolln. 
Conpltsuntary Nitlea of our Journal fron aid Statu. 
TVs bare letters and noiiccs sent os coollouolly, 
of the most complimentary kind, from our ex- 
changes and from readers of our papers abroad, 
for which wo are duly gi 



Tbo Honey-Bee Business. 
Wb ore oow beginning to sec ourprcdiclion 
ed relative lo the results of the importatio 
may-bees. It will be recollected that we pr 

mold enter the business ignoronlly. We 
len gal he ring the result of all these matters, 
e learn that ibe losses are greater than was 
ipposcd. Sot moi 



o badly 
with the moth. Ii 



By letters, 
nraottbel 






[condition of the. /rajifr 
iform us that in San Jos. 
\upii, M.irvjvillo ond olbrr places, Iho 
plaint is made. This terrible diseas 
Those whose <li 



Japan ond tie United States. 

a that relates lo tho newly open' 
nnst be not nnly interesting bi 



history of their opening inter 
event will no dunbl be ooe t 



The 



oly celebrated bore- Wo 
notico.be. pnblic demonstrations sod rcceptloos 
given to the Ambassadors at Honolulu, at which 
port tho D. S. slcamer Powhaltan stopped on her 
way hither. Pram the Commercial Advertiser, of 
Honolulu, wo t*ke Ihe following very interesting 
sketch of Jcddo, written by the Rev, H. Wood, Ihe 
Chaplain or the Powbntlnn, who was formerly no 
editor, and takes a deep interest in newspapers, of 



hbehi 



afro: 






id for his interest 
we hope every valuable paper will t 
This will bn read with interest: 

THE CITY OF JBDDO. 
Mb.Koiiob: I have not the lime I 
readers an elaborate description of ll 
Japan, which just now creates so m 
oad inquiry, as well as tho charming islands of 
which it is, both geographically i 

ever, may gratify your reader*, ii 
busty as they may be. 

The great Bay or Gulf of Jcddo i 
strait about sir miles wide, the lar 
of which is billy and broken, and n 
what can properly bo called mou 
proa eh lag the strait, vessels run 
Oosimo, in the centre of which s 
uboul MOO fe£ high, from who! 
sends up a. great volume of smok 






.., while 



.all n; 



many years. The bay opens in its full extent upo 
|i,i.-.-iiig ilie sirail; n TiingriitH-.mi sheet of wnlei 
like a little inland sea, being almost square, an 
each side, as it is said, from twenty-fire to thirl 
miles long. Nothing can he more pklun-'jiii: in 

more than a thousand junks and boats spread t 
the gentle breeie, and the towns and rillages clo! 
down to Ihe shores, tho cultivated fields and th 



ram one end of Iho Island If 
lorln and south, some of w 
occasionally covered with si 

dignity, as if disjointed from 

rriors. Some give 12,000 ice 



hit-lit, '. 



-ed with snow, and for a greats) part ol 
the year the deep ravines arc filled with it, which 
were furrowed out in olden times by the lorrcots 
of distending U vs. The somit Is a vast crater 
ooco overliowing with burning matter, and send- 
ing it down into the plains; but since the yesi 

tain stems lo be utterly naked, no solilory tree; 
lotting Its -ides, and nu dark forests overhanging 



rodnc 



life and beaaty 
tain lo the Jan 



valleys. His 



(eceiredby others, and would at once return lo 
lis ship if it was convenient, or else hod let the 

,, .,i,i"ii Hint there must he something better orge 
,|m onward. One thing strikes him, It Is the 
lumber of trees, sometimes standing nlone, hut 

,u.r" In:i|iienMv in small p-r.ive* nixl cr ,. , .- ■ 

if the trees being lorge in slse and M ■■ iM, ,.;-.,, 
.ndtallas the tallest of tho forest. Indeed Ihe 
v hole louks liko a forest, or a city in a forest, 
lurlcd in it, and overshadowed by it u* tin. ugh 



Iho very hi 
seemed lo bi 



I tho crowds more dtnte, than in 
or tiie city. Humanity indeed 
isalidatrd, snd thousands of heads 



llipi-l hi 



Oppl 



jf landing, on Iho opposi 

it Is tho residence of Mr. Alcock, the F. 

urli-h in i ni -J i "r. rcuchcil through n pulewny, .u 

of ground, with fine, graveled paths ni 

dwith green grass, and shaded with In 
which seem not to hay.- I.ul-o phiiilvl, luit !■■ h i 
itarted up iulo life ages ago, while far 



red In g 



with golden II 

hillocks, ond cascades, 

ilnuts, shrubs, and Bowt 



ded by a 



Hoo! Por Wasboetl 

ffn really hope the cry will bo "Hoe and Hoes 

Wnsboe" ; and If Ibe Hoe and Spade should bn 

ntcd us well as the Pick and Shacel, wo should 

ve greater faith for tho permanency oi Washoe. 

Gold only will not keep peoplo from Starriog; 

hey must havo Bread. At tho present time, we 

earn that the freight of a barrel of Hour is only 

ibout $40, and oil kinds uf provisions cost irom 

Now, If some wiso men would only go np and 
itnrt n good vegetable garden ns soon as the snow 
s olT tho groond, we think they wonld End it 
iqnal to a good lead of silver ore; in fact, wo 
they would find It a lend of gold already 



^wUl", or even more, nod thoogb oot pavec 

. I..,.! r-ini.rfcul.ly d.-.m, (ulUf !.■..._. ...,-, 

"airfoul ma'kr' Thev , l r l .Hlw ! ,y f ,tr„i^,t,, '' 
iss each other ol right angles ; some of ll.cro 
nost half-a-doien miles long, and the houses 
ioIq way on each side are so closely crowded 
iber that sufficient space does not seem to h 
en left for nociher. Gates aro creeled nt 
ent distances which arc guarded by policon 
io close them whenever they wish to sit 
,wd. 1 did not si* a row or a light, or an al 



Incd. 



Frasi 



ash for Washoe 



aad rnshingfor 
and thousands 
red them from 



ngoodbi 

for suddOD riches. "AH is not gold that glitters, 'i 
iimi il will be foood tbnl oil who go lo Woshon 
will not got it. 

Wb havo no objeclions to having nil persons who 
aro in want of cmploj-nn-tn, nil jjolilicians out of 
office, and all idlers and loafers, going to Washoe: 
Ihe first class will find work, nod ihe olbcre 
should work— or starve. Wo don't wont Ihem 
here; can spore tliem jnst as wt-II as nol — and a 

Yonng uctivt men, single men, adventurous 
Bpirits: these all, may do well; some of tbem 
will; and we hope nil may ; hot family-n 
of good business, and Home-men, belter lot 
Washoe ale 



Graham Crackers 
i law of the animal econom 
of coarse, iodigestible n 






re fond of liquor, but havo tho 


it,..,!,-- li- 


ensc to drink it in their own ho 


ases, and 


erinl Castle Is to he seen only i 


a the ci- 










of public business, or for ll 




dhonor. Commodore Tnttnnl 








make a visit to Iho Prime Minis 


i-r a few 



Mil! r, 



we predicted— a very general loss to al 

gaged In it without knowledge or jadgn 

lo letters received from J. S. liarbiso 

able Apiarist, of Sacramento, all Ikes, 



i give other facts, which 
arking, for the 



h then: 



3 ia tho fail 






11.,-. 



"How ho lilted tho Firmm!" Tho an- 
S as follows: "First rate. The Colooe 



opposing elemeats, as In Ihe case of his artici 

lhat the Colonel was nol in the tight, F. Gal 
views lo ihe contrary notwithstanding. The H 
"I he* y/orker end the Fiu«s are alike la taki 

The above w« titeem iroly complimentary, the 
■Ian well q„«tion, ami kno,,,, to the person i " 
be names as opposed to oor views. 



Tbe Sale of Devon Cattlo. 

dvertanlly sUtet 
J tho lstb. Thi 
the Black-Baa, 

•ct which ihouh 






orted Bees look well t 



Tho Vlsltof tho Japanoao Ambaeaadora 
Tns steamer Kandlotnarrah, with the Admir 
who did act In fact as Ambassador, bss oieitcd 
interest In our city and Stale. Tho eircn 



The roofs, instead of being i 
was once fabled, were covered 
of common mortals, while 
only neatly varnished. "Thoi 



Ih probably, it ..till giv,-.- 
.inueso majesly. The Torn 



- and refuse lo go down 
Is glory. Il seemed to 



io that the Japnoeso 
heir fioe Ideas of art 
snuset behind etui- 



Jeddo, or rat 
pronounce it, ii 



nrly half way between the c 
lore. Largo vessels aro ob 
ii miles fruro tho oily, on 



'■ « indiciiting rut ,if ll,., pi-,-.,!,.-! 

M-i.rl.l Mil, in iippriintliin,. il.'ib,. file 
lonm up, a mile or two fruin the ?- 
■ (l "" ""re miiM be ,\ lit,-, i„»|. 



r party eilcoi 






tritbn 



Woil 



.:mHy „.i,l r 



ni,] r 



dproc 



.till- 



■I i,-'j".,.i,.i 



in ooe seme ignorant of thi 
likely to act in return as imp: 
are made on Ihem. If we receive them kin 

we ought, biicaUBc they are a grct 
powerful nation, Iben they will rcoiprocito this 
courtesy ncd feel thai we are indeed n great and an 
intelligent n alio o, fur greatness and iutelligunci.. 
yield doe respect 10 others always. 

During their brief stay thus far, they havo been 
received by all our Authorities-National, State, 
mid lu.-in a most becoming manner; and it 
must he o grnilfying affair to ihem, and wb are 
glad It has been so, Wtr.; il lie. • d 1 1 li.- ,,, ,Ai,inbl 

bn glad to give lull, i, lllL , „[ ,.„„,,„ L |„. ,, r „. 

Cfedinss, but tpaco forbids. Whal has been done 



ulshed Sheep -breeders, which 



The five forts aro 



i,ri-l I -I, 

_ large calib. 



led liv lhi„c i-ompi-lmii t 



at : Kan»K«»va .'how ti„„ ,l„ .|, lp , irj ,, :1: ],,,. ,-„„.. 
opposition si"«%h™ P hfl tl " [ ""' lhCI ° bylheh 



ally wi 



iorce and intcrc 
compelled, by the in. 
1 put itself |q D 



The new-comer feels a deep disappoint! 

'"-• -'mini.!,, ,-,,,„, ,,,,;,„, j,i„z 

ii'xl iiifii'ly g,i.-.Ln K i„ : ,|| Jircctiopj in 



which a: 



Inlen 



inhlc, 



of I 



r,lly ,,„; 



■■• al. the m< 

nnalal^l"'T-l lb0V '' l * D loW " 0rl "' an O "W 

Za l^,i ° a pul of « ef r ono l» u»unll- 
ko.radAnTl V"'. 1 " ^ "^m l««c, 
-,i ii ?" nnn " l ' ,rlur,n i; f: '«pll>nthcsnBl1cB 
Bat he ^ I??™ **•>***. «rf Indignant eve 
ant ho should have so deceived bluueir, or heel 



f nearly tho whole city, sprcadin 
a the citadel to Ibe bay, and in 
n so far that nothing seems to be 
ision of tho city ond great Fusi 



red wide nt tho top, n 
itb hewn stone of tile ' 
>ut cement. Tho wal 
depth, in which flags and 









romites nrc very large, and fronted by a hie 
nil, on the other side of which nnthing Is lot 
:on from the street, c.ccpt Ihe roont of tho house 
alesfl when tho gales nro left open, and the n 
isscs disclosed. These palaces are built wll 
>ofi in tho Chinese stylo, and all after the aan 
■odcl, though of different dimensions. 

ouudary of the city on tho west is said to I 
iirtccn miles, while from north to south iho lirai 
re not determined, there being no city walls I 
mnuments to dctertniuo tho limits, and the popt 
ition being as dense for ten miles In each dirci 
on as in the heart or the city. Mr. Harris saj 
nothing extravagant in saying the cil 



icnty m 



,- thin 



Ho foreigners; 



ycur.aud not only if the capUal"hutV a el fi ery''eii^ 
every town, iiml ,. w,y v,ll„,,„. ,1,., t „,„ r „,„, ;,,,„-,, 
"i.;.i.-|...,n..L „„i-, ,„ ,i„. ., r ,i MV ,.„ 1 - thogoycrnori 

lllia- u.niilly I .,.i„|„i,,,| llt tlir^r rai |||,, r , ' 

"ixl Mr. Harris. Ilflir lht L year,' ,,.L ' 

mixl,, and .It,],!,,, h , ;1) . f it cnn J jlQ[ ot tnt0 b '?i^: 
eitnnt'o'f 1 ,'!' '""" I(i "-, ■^Bi ,, l"t.'s»iaolU»orib. 
two or three mile.,, i i,„,i. „ „|,i ri[l .,| |„„. lt . „, ,, v ,.| v „ 
inen r 'd"" " C |; OI "I"" litd h J" llv0 Japunehe poliei- 
llia... l,-^„l-s„„ |_.. ' .." " """'i'.' 'I"''', ■ :■ 



temple far In the no 
it nt last, wo dlsrc 
crowds pressed our 
which I found it 



he city. Ren 
d through in 
io gorgeous to 



renewed Iho nolut wl 
yet we d 

Iber thai 



iginnlng lo grow dark 



<o couiu reach, and Ihe streei. w..,. 
' bBMer Dllod . 'ho hoslness rnoJE 






perfectly bealtby. 

ascertained by phy.iiut.ijri.;!.., in etperi- 

th animals. Thus, if dogs arc fed on 

:r, gum Arabic, or superfine flour-bread 

ppetites become mnceated, and 

live or six weeks ; and If fed on t 



bly 



contained Iho bran, Ihcy were found to thrive i 
did not seem lo suffer in any respect. Tbe ac 
principle is applicable to the human body, and 
a general thing, in civilized life food is 
highly conccnlrulcd ; hence Iho absolute necessity, 
ir we desire to bo healthy, of having a certain 
prnportion or coarse material in our "brisad stuffs," 

qnitc so well, as the unboiled wheat Dour of which 
Dceth k Star's "Graham Crackers" aro made. 
These Graham Crackers aro comparatively littli 
known, but su far as Ihcy have been tried, an 
fectly satisfactory, ond are undoubledly grea 



eallh 



call, i 



a Now 



York ron 


Owned Graham Crnc 




owing lo holier 


quality o 
— pcrhnr 


s hoth. Deolh A- , 
i(" street, near Davi 


kill 


-z^: 



Aoi 

acknowledge Ihe reception of n Cue collection of 
new music from the great publishing house of 0. 
Ditson ft Co., Boston, who aro known throughout 
tho United Stan 
longest established and most justly celebrated' 
Music Warehouse In New England. Tho following 
arc received : The Ship, by Dr. Charles Jlackiy; 
Midnight Honr (new), by E. Punnbo ; 0, ask mo 
not lo smile ugnin, by Lillio Linsny; Again Isco 
ills, by If. W. Kclsey; 



-, by I 



; Tins. ,v 



sr girl 



nine, by tho same; The anlumn of our yea 
i. Barker; This world is full of beanlj 
.aEPctorsilca;Therojrandlbovow, bySamusl 
-'cr; Sunny memories, by Kllio Hill; Prcci 
Beyer; Tho Trees ore io Blossom, by Georgs 
dlcy. Mr. Knhler is always in recciploftn 
ti this houso nnd elsewhere, publishing and 
ublishing everything new, and the Music 
rehouse of Kohlcr is declined to become 



Immesse Gnowiu ay the Lawtos BlaokeuiTs 
Hiavv Cnoti ay osn Vise.— We saw in a gurdeust 
Oakland, among a very nice lot of the Lawtoui, 
many very large vines. Ono attracted our allea 

cigbl or loo feet high, Irnlnod up like a grnpotini 
This vino was trained to canes. Tho product In 
year was six otMn-rfl; the present year we Ih lot 
Iho product will be ton or twolvo quarts. Thiok 
of this, those who have even a small patch ol 
easy to have a good increase fro 



AntwnAXT Raiss.— There can ho no ground n' 
complaiat this year for want of rain. Evea 
wo hear jframiin-, saying, Hio .•■■/.: ...-■ roiffii 
gram mil hdge. Tbcro are some persons Ihi 
so eonstilulod that they woald grumble if their— 
"necks were broke." But the rains fall on lb" 
unjust as well ni 
havo given assurance of ono of Iho' most IhtllJul 
seasons over known, and tho most abundant grain 



Hoi 



full of visitor! 

perfect order of iho room's,"i 
pervades every department, the excellent tabloond 
to conrtcoUB and prompt ntlention, nro winniofi 
golden favors from the public. Tho JupnueW 
Ambassadors nnd Suite, numbering filly perJOHIj 
" " ur city, and lako room* 



is Hotel. 



Vaxoi 



GAt-LiciiiES.— Go lu Vance's OallorieJ 



cently taken, the finely finished lull nnd ejlrail«* 
Ambrotypes, together with the vast collection of 
Stereoscopic Views, moko ibis collection 1°* 
largest aad finest In ihe State. Every effort •' 
taking Iperfect likenesses, at fitat 8 Ht[ ngl is pro- 



THE CALIFORNIA F ARMER. 



53 



STATE SUMMARY. 
■ tUlDtcs relatlro to Iho killing of gun 



TBI f 
Heroin 


^^'ScM.'sr 


« a poach [no In ml] 
do year from the pit! 


The ! 


oanier Vlsalia hu mad 
„ao,oin Io Fresno add b 


e a aueccaiful trip °P 


Plsevr c 


Hilly, are to l» net « 


ng in Ibe garden" of 
ii occasionally In Ibo 


^Stog. 


ally hogs were lately p< 
osphorna, placed oa tho 


utiiied •' Stockton by 
ouUido ot gardens for 


Tub Crescent City Herald report, 'to runt™ In 
Smith Bit it and Elh Valleys, « "«"'"£ '=" tho '"P* 
all look finely, an-1 pfomist p»"t r i o ,n *- 


snared 


ulobcw of Do«nicvillc. 
«d the price of beef, w 
Uoeat«,ioIM,lS,Mi 


of thair own accord 
ileh has been selling 


TWIS 

nicer Fo 


ISusS 


caught at Monlcrcy 
h abont firo hundred 


i A treat was anight in Snot.-i It 
GcbMl, wbirb m.asnrtd tWOntT 

0* ihe morning ofllarch 1 
«Ukeir or Santa Clara, giro Mil 
the l*tt in"-, lb* em birth 
mother and children am lloing w 


narcck recently, »?• 
■jcbcr or the District 

lib, tho wifo of ffn. 
U another boy. Tbo 


Mil I 
"Bloroij 


oylc, of Polaluiao, offers w ra hii bono 
Jooo." from four to At honored yards, Tor 
gainst any bone in tbo Blare, nny lime after 


Tbo el 
Nap. a. 

ilr.llli-: 
March. 


Urn of SL 0. Voilcio, to 
d Solano counties, w*. 
r, Is the U. S. Di.ln 
Tbiaolaim is valued at 


Iho Sural Ranch, in 
I Court, on the 2Isl 


The o. 
ttu wcig 


fHHH 


on Sunday last, from 
of eattlc, precipitating 
d feet below. Screral 


JjsSc-1 


mo county, as - leu 


n by the Herald, it is 



Wa quote tho fallowing notice for Ibo cfpuclal 
benefit of our catornpororj tbo Cullurlst, now. J. 
D. Morse h-bs onen Ibo agent of this journal, as 
will bo recollected by Eorac of our renders. Jfi 
lufmd the bencfilfr) of hia labors, and enn lB»rO- 
Ibre sympntbiie(7) with onr neighbor, to whom 
tho said Slcrso wont when he wni diaclinrgiid by 
this journal: 



■ is hereby given, th.it finm nnd after tlii 
io Is In no way connected with the mojroiin 
aid, nnd nil persons are cnnllnned again* 
paying him mir iiiuiicv on ii.. iu-cuuiil. 

"TT. WAntwoniiT, 
"Kdilor nnd Propriclor Col. Cultural. 
March 28, 18fl0." 



i Bernardino ranee, wbe 



same kind. Thoi 



. The bill appropriating $100,0(10 for th< 

a copilot building at Sacramento bu be- 

Thc location Ii the square bounded by L 



is mlmirnlil j adapted for the purpose. 



■bond acre. The peach, 
Iran, an n 
(rnlL It 



period, which, _ 
pi".;:] .ii-.ir ni[lj..'it o d/il fr.cn ,:1J lianas or Jack 
Frost, will crcnuiolo io o yield oneiamplcd in tbo dis- 



.DABLb Stock ron Sale.— We invito Ihe ni- 
n or nil who de.'iro valuable llileh Cow;, 
Uerioo Sheep, and Blood-Swino. to Ihe Card of 
L. Bingoam, Eso,., upon tbo "Brnannn Ranch," 
the Fentber river. This Ranch now contains 
.re foil-blood Slock than any other in oor Stnte, 
d it is well worthy n. visit to oinminc tho fine 
limals that eon be seen. .Mr. Binjfhnm will he 

ecinte *uth Animali; and the information Hint 
n bo derived by a visit, will fully pay the cost. 



THK VJJRMON"T 

MOWER AND REAPER. 
Vermont Mower and Reaper, 



ii Mi.ii,-.. 



— Jlcsara. Jones £ R 



V.-.11 I,< 



T adored in our Slate. '■!..-■: 
J. fi R, are old nnd woll-esln Wished Sheep-mi* 
of Vermont, and Ikeir Flocks are io high repu 
Garf, nnd we shall he glad lo show samples of 



und Wool. 



.irons!* Blank its.— Remember lo patroniro 
i Uannftotiiref. Every Californmo should 
lake pride in pur.h.i iiu Hnuit-ra.uk> Goods nlwayj. 



Dob't Foeget Kohltt's Opening of splcndii 
Bnhominn nnd Porcelain Goods, and his splcndii 
Lot of Piano* and Music, at his New Rooms 01 



La nor. In voice, of llEipias jinii Moweds. — Sec tin 
srd of Messrs. Knnpp, Borrill * Co., of the Ver- 



is to Now York by tbo neat steamer will be ai 
not cabin, J250 nod JJMSj aeeond cabin 
irage, SIM), with SI SO additional ai stamp 



.lA.-i-nvviiLi i^riiiT.- Mi Mir — Til..' ()ri:(,">i! S'-nli- 

ion nf the nvervijze |.r, nlu,-i ■; of |)[.-.:cilin-; n-ir-ki 
1 coronicle. Far us nhe ledge is sunk into, the 

- l - 1 ■ ■ ■ ii t 1 Mil if l,i [is; a ii rile: mi -in- 1 . i? Jin |i].ii.i|. and 

rorkcil Is ehibiled. The company are preparing 



On WiJir, ■,!]..;,- tli l- v (inhered ft 

111 Ibe bill by Hit .;!.'.[.-,'.n ..| ,-.li:,l i 
be a cotinuous genm-oc lode on the 
below the Vnnnoy A Wait claim. 



r daring the woo 



CALIFORNIA FARMER 



I gentleman pnacntcd him wilh two Bno boys nnd a 
b,.,„i-:i,i; ;irl. ;.ll ..I :. -i,,;l- l.irlli. If anybody in 



ieinlty of Santo. Cms, aaya LheM 



■hi T.. I, : . , I i!,] , n-, ... .(;. Qfter a f.;ir bourn' abirncel 



Tnc new ditch plow 


on.tr 


eted upon a pi 




atol by Mr. Kloney Lonloi, 






teat^'l and foond to ope 










ditch Ihroo feel dee 








d bottom, HP! 




1U work wiib ({reitor pretltk 






.111- n.ii.i ili. -,1111-: .;.. nl 




rformed by ha 












rods in Ihji B Ui in a day. 




i need bo no tu 




















[ Ivlsapleunrabloovl 


eueo 


of permanent 


rosperity 












ulabtlibmenli 


n Lhocliy 


of large iiumbera of frail troei 


uothlsonrlo 




and onr country people. 


We 


arc no certain 












nplnlen that there bats 


ISO 






jkU in this city this sea 




































BfsUpaibJul Ihe now 


nllif 






Ai an ctldrnco of tb 


I-..-. 


ardnets of ibe 




lUlh 












Autclnpe, which no 




, '-tin kaetl,. I, ,„, 


Fir 


this latitude. 




Ittesa^o, ihunaaplo 


peak 


well fortleqnalilyof th 



le grabi erop. Since 



f.Si , r» l L M ""& Fr 5 ll - tr ™ are°l.»kln B l 'naeljr 



TO GRAPE PLANTERS. 




TIIOIlDUailNKSa OF WORK; and 

First Appearance on tho Pari Go Coast. 







THOROUGH-BRED 

gj# French Merino Sheep<ig3| 

BERKSHIRE AND SUFFOLK SWINE. 
lO^ NEW MILCH COWS, 



Merino Buclis, 

ONE-HALF AND TOREE-QUARTEP. BLOOD, 



COAL-OIL LAMPS 1 

1,200 DOZEN 
COAL-OIL LAMPS! 

Deitz's Unrivaled Burner; 

TAB ' 

Mnsf simple, Convenient, and Economical 
Lamp in nsa, 

TtTST HEOBIVBD, 

EMILY FABNUM, SUMATRA, NOON- 
DAT, PANTHER, NAPIER, " 
AND BY EXPRESS. 



CHANDELIERS. 

For CHURCHES and PUBLIC HALLS, 
Two, Three, 1'iiiii. unit Sli I. it-ii'- r.acii. 

LANTERN S, 

FOR QUART K-Sf ILLS, SAW-MILLS, WHARVES, 
STABLES, HOTELS, As., lo. 

HAND LAMPS, 

PARLOR LAMPS, 

SUSPENSION LAMPS, 
SIDE LAMPS, 

KITCHEN LAMPS, 
BILLIARD LAMPS. 

PEICES LOWER 

TIas.xi E!"W©x* Before. 

FOR SALE IN LOTS 

TO SUIT THE TRADE. 

Corner Front and California tttreelH. 

BETAII, STOHES: 
iit Monlsoinerj- nn.l Cnllloniln Ktreita, 
ilnyioi. ■tree!, tlilnl door below Eloeltlon, 
STANFORD OROTHERS. 



THOROUCH-BRED CATTLE: 



TUTJRSDAT, - - - April 19tll, 1SGO, 

AT FISH'S STABLE, 

E'XNE STHEET, 

SALE OF D EVO N CATTLE. 

Twelve Devon Balls, Cows, and Calves, 

THOROTJO-KC-BItED- 
Imnorteil and Raiicdhy CHARLES A. ELY, 

Eiq., Lorain County, Ohio. 
TIio Flrut Sale in Caltrornla 

OF 

PURE DEVON GATTLEI 






THREE QUARTER-BLOOD BUCKS, 

rl?Ste'br*' * "oHn'IeaBLE, JUneho Aromas, 



FIBST PSEMHTM GOLDEH BTATE 

SHIP-BREAD AND CRACKER BAKERY 

^ r'Xo^sur- Store, jt\ 



DEETH & STARR, 

HASllFACTUREKS OF 

SHIP, NAVY, AND PILOT BREAD. 
ORAKAM CKA.OHEH. 






«3 -*». KL-. jsT ■F' O Jstet lm 1st A 

BL ANKETS. 

Any Desoription of Blanket, which may 
be deiired. 

eo.c^lhiraariuo™'* 1, " m "* am " not oo slow Io du- 

ALL-WOOL BLANKETS, 

(y rSaople. cu be tra at lie Factor/, or at the Ware. 
hoe- f lla,n. HEYNEUANN, PICK i CO, SO sad 01 

7 Arret B.n Pr.ocl.co WoolM Sut^,, 



ALEXANDER H. TODD, 

ProdQce and General CommisslDn Agent, 

Ho. 40 fl. t V STREET, NEAR DAVIS, 

SAN FRANCISCO. 
j^LEXANDEIl If. TODD has been tucairid In (olllnn 
-..-.ii. .. ,, ,',.„.■-.» r ■•"■■' "-'.."., i'm'^J 

'■i -I'-' ii ■'>''■''■' '.':"-. V.iii, ' i: ". ■■'.','■ '"''.'..', ',.",'.:'■ 

Mnffnln to ■"ib™*" " ,bj " U " 1 '' 1 m^onaol lo 

s3^Sswf u ^f&[ I SE' Bj "Hlfa-Ptodaeo am: 
nnw.nls.ZparMot. ' '™™ 



WANTED TO BE KNOWN 






i.|.i-"H.|,. .ilJUMllh; r.!| I . . . r I ■ - " .j I - ^ ." 

O" LciK-r. vlire-jod W. IV, in, 
llio ulrcnW U pirmlllea 10 relc 



Fine Vineyard and Orchard 
^TO LEASER 



orje.ru. A UOltHTAIN 



L. HASKELL, & GO. 



HIDES, TALLOW, !iE3ty 

WOOL, FUK61, AMT5 SZINS. 



lil ll^enUarlU^Hioelitoa.' 



W. K. V.ANDERSLICE, 



^ 



34 WASHINOTON SX, 






Extra Bizo Lawton Blackberry Plant*. 



PACIFIC 

Oil and Gamphene Works 
HAVE REMOVED 



Where Ibnroffor far ialo 

The Most Extensive . Assortment of 
Burning Materials, 
AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES. 

srAUFOIlD BROTHERS, 
Comer of Front anil California rtreots. 



Important to Stock Raisers. 

GREAT SALES 




iMbwoarerf the've'ij PeroiiBl^i "** ™ ° 

BTJLLS. 
IIUKE OF DKVON— Cilrctl April 111.1813. Bred bj Mr. 

.lrTtm.k\bc r 'niilo « y tW jrffltt ^^elatar""% '■■' ■ . -' I 

K.llon.l Fiilr lielJu LDuhrUl'o , K,., In IH07. 

Til. linn. C.i-.li irir..i , lin.llif V.Hmllli. Ilr.il".- Ii .-..m.l j. 
Mi.-l.k-.ii (i. ,li, in Lt'l) nl-); er. c. d»u, Dinon («M); <lro 



I. N. V: Gr, ilre, Irapon-j M.j Bjj (711 ; dum, ln>. 
j'°a n Ui]°oj J !o'fsIolla D J,IJe^Mbtro, *'"*■ m * 

(I7fl£ d.ffl!°BeanlV (361),%™!' % Al'r, abetton, Wju'^g 

"'^U.T > >ri.Vv-<'''i^i''v,w,],-Yr'.:k 







BANKERS, ETC. 



MARK BEUMAGIM & CO., 



SPERM OIL. 

B, 2.000OALL0KS' WINTER SPERM OIL 

arromH.-lie.liwJ.,:! "('„„,„ In.,,,,.," 

■ 0,000 Q. lions SPEHM OIL. rrooi llonolnla 

STAKUORD DROTnBRS, 



LARD OIL. 

6nnn GALLONS URD OIL, ci "Don Quli 
,UUU anJ-BliKlt lla«lt." A luwrisr artlo 
alow priu. 

3,«0 GALLONS LAUD OIL, la barrel! and casi 
ONE DOLL Alt PER GALLON. 
ForsalobT 

STANFORD DROTflERS 
PacICo 01! 'and Campbona Work! 



POLAR OIL- 



BTANBOltD EROTHBKS, 
Pacta. Oil and Onmjihons Works, 

Comor of Front and CallfornU streets. 



COAL OIL. 

10 000 QALI,0HE AUSTEN'S CELEBRATED 

5,000 GALLONS BOSTON COAX, OIL. and other 
brands, at SI 25 PER GALLON. 
Forsala bj- 

STANF0HD DR OTHERS, 
Pacific Oil and Compbcno Works, 



CAM PHENE. 

Having a still with a eapaoitj of more ih Br , 

2,000 Gallons Every Twenty-Frrar Honra, 

CiEpfccneoF a Butter Quality, 

1 and at 

LOWER PRICES 

ThKt an r other o.Ubllsbmonl on tbo PaelUe Coast. 

"Large gales and Small Fronts" 

Will bo lie role of our bouse. 

STANFORD BROTHERS, 
Paelflo Oil and Camphuo Works, , 
i Coiner of Fnnl and Callloraia ilneli. 



CALtroityiA, 

Siglit Bills 

Bank of Commerce, ------ Boston. 

SIGHT AND TIME BILLS 

American Exchange Bank, New York, 

Available, In lbn Prlccinal Cities of Iho Union and 
tho Canodaa. 



iitK o5tijMAt:ff i 



PIOCHE & BAYERQTJE, 

AGENTS AND BANKERS, 

MOKTOOMErtY Sthebt, Cormwi of Jackgoh, 

SAN FRANCISCO. 



nil 


AW OH 












SCSTTJCIIAIUlT 


& Gl 








AIT3 0t 








TOM. 




L 


C. OPPEEUAifll, 




P 


AY ABLE 

;'.,.i. ..-.,■ ; ■ 


H THE I 


''" 


PA RIB. 

PAL CITIES OP— 

rr.M.v. 
piujsbIa. 




0GILMANV, 











lauuilBerdcpofii.,,. I.. ili,i'itr:ii.-i['.ti, i;rii,:s,,i >. u r, .,,<-. 
INVJfflTBZHT OF aMoXLOAPITAlS, SAVTHGS, Bte. 

ulilj. i;r .juurlfjlr luiulinL-nu, u 'nuj 
"Broadmr, n.°C; , D™ 




r..vn', , :ln'.^^, l ^-l L Ul" , :™1^^x' b p"r"^^^ ^ ^'*fi!;' , 

ll„i,ill,U Colli,,, p.id, ,.., r,!,,:- pn, i-rn: .„. r „„„„"" """» Dne 

M Corner of uJ!SE*\+ SSS?^ 



, I F OR NIA FARMEE. 






,01 on-n by increasing her child 3 pleasures, 
n*tcad of having Jo bp(tOU»ed bybij nlgbt 10 
upon sickh-, liioing children, she can reel 
nnloro d.-munds it, "nd ^ her utallflreo grow 
Wrt her like "olive plnuU," -be «H) ^0 
more firm Mil self-reliant, ready ,or "f 
d'i'ni'.'iiliy i.'iJ <,'-M.u-l, thai prints Itself to ^l.*ir 



EnBH 

legcc, 



II,, lip l,«t pvim "'I »»« i"''"""'-' "'■" 
H B9 I tbiok thai bis «ft ej« fP««« " lln * 

vim ugUL 



lad I think thai BeaTen will au«rer Ibe prayori 1 

are almost wild. , . , 

J wc » ilgn for the belter— » roM-tlnl changiaj fi 



His dear little hinds grow moult: 

clonr light. 
Kn«l down for ouw in yoor lu- 



ll; from 

in old physic— 
jpinion in Jiicblgan, Hint "tobnet 



n 10 



my mote', milk, and ipj father seldom pa-seu n 
day without a pipe in bis moulb. ll wns recom- 
mended to my mother ns * cure-all for ■!■■ !■■ |.-i,., 
nnd from her girl-hood she had used tlie pipe. «■■, 
Tsbcn will physician* karn wisdom 7 I beliOTOtbE 

will be corrected, und when, instead of ordering 
'.., ,-.,<:..■ j./,.j.-,-o,T.id t -/.i»ty, as tbo great panacea 



John 



lolbi.l'r 'MF' 1 "- 









■dHlicg, tho tool thai through our 
ur peal torrow-yet bnmely In 

,,., ..... calmer; yonr forehead aash.JUh.t 

And j^J^fSSi were gray and W, are gentle 
1 if it^cre°net tor' God, John, bow could our poor 
Tbi bari«\r MUJ mlckisg that U lightened only 



fixgel, 

. — ._ 1 1 -jW, I. 



Think God! and go to your i* 

yon to-nlghL" 
So the mother knelt down by h 

igel was them; 



looking out 
in, I stall n 



Que white hand 
Its wings of a dood- 
les fingers changing 

Witt «ia, 

And streamed with 

linen fold. 
Again was ibewoma.- 



m iu golden 
[pleader shading thoinno- 
tblc Ihe Tenure- iiiV-lisu-1 
morning lild the rustic floor 
Irons glory un Iheeradlo's 



. ollbink 
ibid willingly 
cnU3C psln to any living human. But as a wile, 
ob a mother, 1 eonnot refrain from speaking of the 
[ill and enlightening the people an to the true 
msc of many of the erils that darken the do- 
estic fireside. Wo are all in a measure depcnrl- 
it one opon another; but children, poor inno- 
du, are mode to suffer Ibrougb life from beredi- 
rv weaknesses and diseases, or are carried to an 
.sly grave, while parents do not "^^ 

idence bntb ifc<" »•<•," and fold their bands and 
tue the old way. It it time we looked into the 
e light of the gospel and followed tbo Savior 
1T ery "good word and work." Sisters, shall 
be idle and bide our light under a bushel, or 
(hull wo "let our light so that men seeing out good 
work;, may glorify our Father who i.< in "■>-.,., 

BOSJ. 



, and Ihe father bad left 
lip. moaning, "I am lb. 

While she raised the deir cold body with a luslroui 

white tmpearled. 
In litllo smii all bclplei", it> Uaii-n lo^ti uncurled. 
And IS Its li|.« eluoi- I!, it, tilt !,■ -,v.-.lv ■■act ko.li liv, 
AeJ f.flly ■Ji-l !•■ b.i ijiirit, "Tl^ir ::!if.\: '.-no [>>.vtr 

die." [Borton Trnn.'ClipU 



"Tdlences and Igoonnee are tho porenu of many 

Sisiics «.•;» Fjuesbb: What no imracD 

tpooiibilily rest! upon iu, ciptlclally those 

who wear the facteJ nnmei of wives nnd rut 



denying m 
are so oftei 
perhaps, b 



amuic bub while she is icttin 
While «,« bavehnsbands-w 

filled with that nxiioas e «J 
they very deliberately spit n 
pet, nnd look at the it wives 
pleasant look, as much as to 



c«e), thry will pinek ibe < 
the bead, nnd pour forth 
they wcro boond to do 1 



at dotb binder you 
1 sisters, think of It 



ised." Broth 



Fet Birds. 

iid bitds ar>: the source of mucb pleasure 

and while they giro great happiness if they an 

kept iu good healthy cuudition, seem to enjoy lif 

arly, if not quite as well, as their mates in tb. 

lb or the wildwood, especially if, either frou 

:k of memory, or from blissful ignorance, lb 

caged birds do not know what pleasure tbey lose 

re Ignorance is bibs, 'tis folly to be wise. 

um of the great drawbacks to the happiness 

the birds, and to Ibe pleasure of keeping them, i 

lice, Bud having recently learned of a safe an> 

ire way of removing them, we give it to ou 

■riders. The Michigan Fanner says: 

Lay a piece of Canton or cotton flannel ovci tb 

ige at night, several nights iu succession, takin : 

off at daylight. Multitudes of tbc lice will b 

mud upon it, which are easily killed. After a fci 



MRS. ANNIE L. AVERY. 
HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN, 

Hosiduiee, !49 Pacini: |«e«t H-o anon from Swfctoi 

SA3ST FEANOISOO. 

Cy K.peclsl sllenliuo p^d 10 dliea.es or lion.™ •™™ 

MBS. LIZZIE WILEY T4BfiE», «• »•> 
BLBDTBIOIAK AMD HIDEOPATHIBT. 




(ESTABLISHED IN IB50.) 

S . W . MOORE, 

Mo. 110 California irt . , b ei w c e n M t. a l goto e r y ft B nn m m e. 
MjV FBAHCISCO, 

EJTCHEN-GAEDEN, FIELD, FLOWER, 
FRUIT AND TREE SEEDS 

IS CALIFORNIA, INOLCDIKQ 

20,000 lbs. Pore Alfilfa or Chili Clover Seed, 

fACLSTHS, TULIPS, LILIES, ASD OTOER 
BULBOUS ROOTS. 

J his ealtatlie l.'filiil-- I ..r |.r-:,-.,ri Tallin f^c) from Uiebm 
n... Ae»m.. "I Vi'V. I'"-'- a- '■■"■'- "'" l Freeinno & Cp.'t 



Galvanic Batteries and Medical Works, 



WHEELER & WILSON'S 

FIRST PREMIUM 

«f a »« m mi-, -m 
SEWING 

MACHINES! 

AT 
REDUCED RATES! 






ractcr f-f Wbeolor A Wtlwn'a Scnlnc Ma; 
cLabliihcJ w admit or any eontreieny ii 
mirif. Tlksy Qavo recolvod Iho commel 



SsientiEo Amcricao uys— tho leading mechanical and 

■ :l--f, liLc s..-,]^r r-I the are: 
"We ore having a criMt maoy teqniritf far Eowioe 

thoucbi iiroptr to stale our oi'ioion a! Ihcn in this rnblic 

mioncr. Wo have utod WlhWl Patent, mannfacturad 

;,: iVi.tf|.,r i Wilson ilnnnfactntini Cuin|jaoy, No. 

Oj Ercid«ay, aod KO tin tay in regard tu it, Ibal i! la 



illhool 









imelhlng to annoy tbi 



ves, weeping mid toiUinj.-, a 



..Idem .., 


Hong a hold on men as women 


tbey 






dull, 
















1 falls tliciu there; and when r 






e dona their work, the wives a 










wise, aic 


itied for their bid husbands and 





nnd,io}oioL..f o;r, ::!■..■;.-. ■-:,'. i ilnijb.or, other Maeblno 
standi ahea'l of il. V?e elate tbij much In regard to the 
excellent Uaenine on our own responsibility.'' 



The Highest Premiums W.ere Awarded 
THESE MACHINES 

At the tollonlnr -Pairs in 1SSS : 
Mi v .uri -■-•■': Fair. Illinois: State Tilr, 

MI.'dLninnl Slale Tair, Ne» V..1I1 Slalf Fnir. 

Ken Jersey Stale Fair, Jloiylaud S[otc Tolr, 
Vlrrinla State Fair, Wlseoniln State Fair, 

Micuieon Stalo Fair, Pennsylvania State Fni 

Kentucky Stale Fair, Indians State Fldr, 

CAHTORNIA. STATE FAIR, 

hicaeo Fair, St. Louis Fair, Richmond Fair, Balti a 
Fair, and 

EVERY KIND OF SEWING 
Can be denonith 

Wheeler fc wiisihi^ Sfacliine! 

UNE'JIACniSE DOES THE WORK! 
1 for Wide and Harrow Hems, with each 

slhe nndonbled advaotaitlot WUEGLER A 

S'S so™ K lla(blnt!aio! 
i-.. .:..• in.'] simplicity of eon.trnclioB. sod eon- 



SEED, PLANTS, &.O. 



NURSERY BUSINESS, ic. 




J. Tt. JZ A. Y s 

SEED AND NURSERY DEPOT, 



.,lMU>[<il 



CKUFAS 

OR 

Eai'tU-AlniondH! 

30 I-nunds of CIHIFA3 or BABTHALMOND3, Idr isle bj 

S. W. MOORE, 

in Band Warthoutc. 110 California itroot 

To the Seed Trade, 

&ft JIAVDJQ THE LARQEsT AND MOST EX- 
^Lensirestoeaof 

"^ SEEDS 

paiod to supply Deslen ou the most farorable tcrmt. 

Oar American Seeds 

Are with fosr eiceptions raised nador ournsn immediati 
euperrliion, and si can srarant them as Firit-ctaa le 
enry reipeet. 

Diilrli BuIlMUH Root ft, 

Jlyaanlhi, Tnlipi, J'olyanlhui, A'anutui 



J. H. THOBBI lt\ £l CO., 



. 106 J STREET, 

SACRAMENTO, 



TREES, SHRUBBERRY, AND VINES. 



bo found In tho Stale, eonslitlni; of ani 
Almond, Mulberry, 

Apple, Heatnrine. 

Apricot, pEich, 

Blockbcrry, Pear, 

Cherry, Plum, 



:eilds a good stack of SHRUBBERY and SUA 
'REES, for benutlfyiuE boniH. 

s a as a a s 



SHADE TREES, 

Foe sale this season, consisting of— 

10,000 Locust Trees, 

1,000 Chins. Trees, < 

Lombard y Poplar, 
Mountain ft'ri, 

Magnolia Asominata, 



Ash, 








Weep 


nc W 


Maple 








Artoo 


Vita, 


And othe 


K 






mnted. 


The LoousU ore certnl 


iy 




■led, b 


he Stnt 






- 






brce yo 


r» 


Id, >trni C bt 


in 


wellj 


rown.T 



New York Seed Warehouse, 

So. II BASfftMEE STREET, 

- SAN FRANCISCO. 
C. L. KELLOGG- &. CO., 

Garden, Flower, Fruit and Tree Seeds. 

TTAVE FOR S.M.K. OF I. Mi: IMI nil TATIOH, a lirco 



SEEDS! SEEDS! 

The oitenilro EEED BEPART1IE5T nontail 
complete stock— 
FOR TEE OABDEM, FIELD. FOREST ; \URSE RV , 
Either from the best seed-gronera in the conntry 



. Hop Tinei, Rhnbarb Roots, Asparagus .''.itu, G 

Cuttinge, Dahlia Roots, 
; And everything appertaining to the SoedindXu 
1 bnsines«,for«ilDnterBatlyiedueedpiie«fronilsJt; 
ARTICHOKES, CHUFAS— artlelos defocving special 
notice— n» for tale in quantities. 
1 Dealers willba supplied on tho most liberal term! 
I Small seeds ean be kbi ;>er Mail to toy ;jrc of [he 



ie.iMnttt.e( 
i-Pur.bi 
3-Um. 



1.I11J-! .., 



f stitch »■ 



^Theriireappl^ibiotoove^klndoVsoirlnilo.^mTu 

■ T .,-:V 1 l| : . i'-'i'l'i., ■rl'-'',l"'l,lr , ,.! i ;' ;■'..'.! '.:,'.!o-? ■-.'!.'■' 
'it"!-: --.■aii.ir,,:. ■!„,,!,„;.. u ,,,, lmu .._ onherlnfr, >n< 
ItlllQiT; i<.tit'Hm]w.: ^T^py pj.o.-ic. .if -^^Id,. l i.T'y[. 



GARDEN AND AGRICULTURAL 

SEED WAREHOUSE, 

\<: \os CALIFORNIA. STREET. 



furious appl I iu «. aio furnished rorrogtllaliuglBenl. 

MACHINE WARRANTED 



Thread, 



etc., Constantly on Hand 
fl. C. HAYDHN, Agent. 



: PACIFIC TIN-WOEKS. 



I SAN FHANOIBOO. 

; s - °- AUSTIN, 
TIN AND SHEET-IRON WARE, 

Plain, Fancy and Japanned Ware, 

stoves and srovK nyHRirrjRE zsamelei 

WARZ,TrKr7EDIR0H WAHE COFFEE-MILLS 

FRT-PAMB, BAKE-OVEHB, kc, it 

. j Tb,. largest as«urtin,rr,i ui rc-,J ; .,,,,1,1,. TIS-WARE 

f . Id Ssd IfimiiQI HD Oc fuutli U EtiLa raUtrlliljiocQ 

. REPHIhIHQ-DdmIb » snrrlmiolike cnuiosr, sni 



FIRST PREMIUM AGAIN 

BEING THE 

SEVENTH TIME RECEIVED 

Against All Competitors. 

R. H. VANCE, 

Comer of Montgomery and Sacramento Sts. 

BA.IST FHAMOISCO. 



HaTlng ncaln 


ree. 


red' th 








r for tie 


REST AMBitOTYFEa 














a lain better soik thin 






■ other 












ormlo b thelta« 


t inn 


b HEIH-t'ELJ FRIOBS, to coa 



n»lrtffl,00Q »<.ith of olewns* Otui"pT>,; 
Csms , an J ChenitciU., -Q b.cd »no on tba m,', r ,1 
aersaftir dlspo.e ef them at aboul N.i. York jt&" 



'S.KIJSCLIE; 

TOBAOCO. 

'-"Slit:- n'ciiT.EcedLsar, 
FINE TURKISH. 

'EOETAHLB SEEDS— A mn.t njlenslMiaKstl 

win of iuoncd Sctds, In poprr-, inlted in ibe country 

Jhfllll d lint in cijunlry ilnlcn. 'CshIuioh on 10011- 



HOP EOO^S. 



HOP CULTURE, now cicitic; : 
.toreji — can bo Turnisbed ^ith eood, Ti^omcj 

IhobOFttarloK. fr-iti il,-.-..|.l,.' P J ■ -, . Var.linlb 

Tbo crop fmm (his yard haa ju.'l l,itn .-..1.1 :'.■: 51 1 ct ll>. 
My Hop Yard is tuonty-fivo mile- below lb:.- .-ii.t, ie tot 

tamely in Ibe bn>inc<- irill be ,u|.plietl ™ !il-"jnl I'.'n:. ' 
Addreis J. R. RAY, 



Tu THE SEEP THAU)-:. 



£ 



FEESH EIELD ASD QAEDEN SEEES, 



SACRAMENTO ADVERTISEMENTS. 

'ST. GEO RG E 
HOTEL! 

Corner of Fourth and J Streeti, 
SACRAMENTO. 



■ 11 * ^ E KT O V wft. T B r>, 

RE-FITTED AND RE-FURNISHED, 

IS NOW OPEN 

FOR TUB ItBCEPTIUS OF THfl. PUBLItt. 



Freminm Harble Works! 

I". J. DEVINE <Se BROTHER 



SACRAJIENTO. CAL- 



FRUIT, TURK, A#p FLOWER SfKDS 
Duddinp, and 1-ruuin,. knlvc., Uatden Tools, eW ' 
BT CsistoEna. tan.„ Jod on oppuauon. 
Bo™ oMOO.F.pnt-Po. „p b, oor.-i-es.Lr.nnd fi,, 

i.imrr .1,1!.... . fm l.,r,.-l,.|.^,.,l| r ,.,, ,„ „,„... ™( ™r 




Hat 

Orave 

i.-n... Tile, 1 Jr.. ni ie 1 



land G 



1 hand and made to order, on lessonaUe 

All kinds ni" ImnmentolWorli done wka Ij: aid 
WAU».Ui^->.eJ riaster for silo. iSl8-W 

W M . B . HUNT, 

niDEs, s k 1 x s , CpSr- 1 
WOOL ahd TALLOW. 3E *' 

ee on s«ond itrsot, near 31, 

SAOHAMEKTO^ 



gk SAMUEL. JELLY, f« 

IJII'DBTER OF » 

FINE WATCHES, JEWELRY. 

Sllver-irare, Cnllerr. *c>i 

'2. J STRBET ONE DOOR BELOW FIFTH, 

SAOHAMEMTO. 

Watches RenilM<l,aoil Jewelry Manufactured. 

AgtM* for Ctrover ,J- Baktr; Swing Mad"*?' 

Coal, Wood, Charcoal, &c. 

Pooiflo atreet, batwean Powel and Mmo'i 
bah rnAMoiroo. 

Wood tot iu •njleojthroiulreJ dellirml Trw of ebs^ 1 
""^ 1*1 JOUM C. ItOBW; 1 " 1 - 




]^i*mts a Farm Cared For? 























a ,i r %di 


Sr 


'r/;!;; 1 ;;^: 


l« 


^,d] u j ec 


Zr?£r.d 


Cirpetn, Clolln, K 


*.. 


'■ i--'-!i 


»tag££$ 


i c. iiku. 


« 



Bees, Bee-hives, Honey! 

REV. L. L. LANGSTEOTH'S 
MOVABLE-COMB HIVE! 

HIRAM HAMILIOH, of SAHTA CLARA, 

APIARIST AND ADENT 
in; nunu'd Pottnl IIIvf, Tor Onlffornis. 
Oregon and Wmulngtoii. 



iint»0lsia,F#1 



o rmliviJail RIGETS 
rind Torrilorr b), (1Jn j lDE jj^ b, 
.'• EiproH, to Ibo uodonleocd. 
ie i^ n UQiAM HAMILTON 
16,1660. 2 . 3ai » 




thousand milei from Calcutta, wm equally a 
jshcd aui gratified to sec by the fcriir.il cop 
the FliureK I placed in hit bands, the kind or 

thai jour paper will toon be read and re 
nndcr tbo shadows of Ibe Pyramids built 

tbe graceful Palms towering far above the Gi 



thoughts and glowing words he sp'rcad upoi 
public page, ncaitering light, aolil the itar i 
' 'en State shall be seen and admired, and 1 



CON0B1S9 Ciicttl H,"l 

fi now billy al work, and it is lo be hoptd that fSri?^5Sf.VV. .'.' *! 
something may bo done for the good of tho coon- I Muima Cbopi — i 

tij. Many of its members ore really aniious to I 

remove the stigma su justly ruling upon that gj^ 

body, anil will do all in tneir power to earn a {air - 

fame for tbemscdrea and their coontir. But It ]■ 

teaied that I'r^iikuL-mnHi,--. wiHiue about tbi 

oeIj- work done at ibis Session. 

Will pan this Session, if wo are to judge from 
present Indlcationi, unless there nhoulil beopoH- 
C«l eorlliqookc sufficiently powerful lo frlghtct 
them into the path of dulj. To cffecl thilchangi 
it will take such a shaking :i. v.- ill I'r i ^ 1 . 1 1 : n i'r-..-i- 

Ihera in now going on a grout strike at Lynt 

probably koow " 
Oocpesi, and h 



Hoi B.!de a great speech In tho Sen . 
■aid lo be one of the greatest efforts of h! 



LAWRENCE & HOUSEWORTH 

OPTICIANS 

No. 177 Clay Street, 



Urea bin oacmlts concede that Ilia 

enlarged. view. It ii thought that it will do much °1>" 
lo sootho (be better filing, that bate been s 
roinincntly paraded before the world from th 



GOLD, SILVER. AND STEEL 
Spectacles, 

With the belt quality of Otittci, and lha celsbobraled 
R AZII I AN PEBBLES 



nuiiiiii.tjiill)- parallel l.,i, jr ,. Mi.- world, fr u m (lie 



Has been recently wrecked near. Cape Sable 



bo will make those who trarel on hit ileamet 
tf Jut what It may please hl.n to ask, and it wl 



-].>ul- DmvfIn B InilnmenU, 

STEB.E03COPRS AND VIEWS, ETC. 

Pocket-knives, EiiEora, Scissors, ike,, 

V3- GLASSES filled lo Frame., .n.l i .i .! \t,';~- 
ealty done. o 



JAMES M. EDNEY, 

Osneral Fnidtulng and Commission Merchant 

■ad uojlor |o 

Hanoi HelodeoDj.Pamns.Bsfea, Sawing Machines *. 

I':ii.ii in r »f tbs "Cherolito Pb,,| c |nn," "ObroDuloij 

Of K- (!.," "Southern Bi.li.jni," "Illekiirr.Nol Falls/' 

Sola Proprietor of the "AMERICAN PUMP," raisin* 

" Brawlne. and pri°n ll free"' " "**"' 

147 Chamber* street, Hew York. 



WOOL, HIDES, and SKINS, 

Pure lias o cl 

AT TUB illOBBST MARKET BATES, 

LONING & FUERSTEIN, 

(SO FRONT STREET. 



J ....:.V' u'liuMuil 1 " 



FnicliEued &t tbo Highett Market Hates. 



A FEW FINE SWARMS OF DEES just received ft™ 
the Alknrlu Suit., In rbo cam ,.„,i\..-. „r.kr 1VI1 
>•« joHI If applied fnr 1 in mo J I. loir, at iho Oarc 

HARBISON'S NEW HIVES can bn teen a 



J- I>. ARTHUR & SON 

AGRICULTURAL STORE. 



PITTS' 4 HALLS' THRASHERS. 

P.QSTOH STEEL CUPPER PLOWS 

HAHHOW8, HH0VEL3, QBIHDSTONES, BTO 

Hot. 3, 4, and 6, Wuhlttaton 'treet, 

flelweeo D.yU tad F.oet, 121 SAK tRAKCISf-n 



G O A.L. 

a MTtin.trni:, in:-i iiahvi.ky, uv! m 

eomtaBUyooL.adendf u r'.alohr fl ^ U <#l 
Oregon met, b«»wn jj,™^,^! 
ryTheOMrgen.u,! 

, ?;,i , V- ''-$•',,,'■■'■,•'"■> ■';;■ ''T.'.;;;^- 

fa Tt™ fll^' alW^T «f Ml"" rf""™? 
Uauibeii of iu?,m^Uwyeri" f'uJ' 1 '^*^? 

m«!i? B zT(',v : 'r:i ■■ '" I' ' 'i ' v'' ■» ■^i^^*"' 

[.i.i>in— mi li.iiii.il. Jnu; In [!ii:lr o.luro 1* ^jl* 

Si'SSCiS™ '"fTffll 5%j^ 






Oreioa; tad by all good 






HETflW.FOWLEaeCo.^ri-a-.' 91 ^ , •' 

(Ma.™,, .l nU ,J lnf) , Rj„, u „, ««.. tJ< , 8! .l*Jj '' 

Orejiioi ladbi ill u.u.l iluliri in mcili'ia"" 




VOLUME XIII. 



SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA: FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 5, 1860. 



NUMBER 8. 



&ji£ Mifmw fumti 



: 



COLONEL WASBEN, Edil 



crtptlons oul be pill 



Sheep-Breeding and Wool-Growing, 
jno alone woold he a passport to the confidence 



,. L. Bingham, Ejq., stands often on Iho records 
f Vermont nod of other States, as the most bo 
Csaful breeder of Merino sheep. Mr. B. has tak< 

u been known in Eorope nnd America as one. of 
It largest ihdiongb breeders or abeep in the Uai- 

accp, ncd wo feel proud to know that Cnllfornli 



iclhe 



of Mr. 



wing from a gentlemen o 
can refer to the above lette 
: degree of ielt-aalisfactioi 
e alatements made by Mi 



we have prophesied. 



E 


snoe T.wx 


n— Dear Sir: 1 notico in tho 


from 30 bus litis to tho aero. 




f«r. 


na for Pehr 


ary last, a notice of the arrival 


Previous to 1823, the land wo 


stoo 




rseir and sb 


ep, and also observe that in that 


mer-fnllow, on accoant of roots 


Pret 


HOI. 


) I am rcpr 


aented as being connected with 


1823, wo bad from year to year 


leave 


my 


rotber or so 


roe other Bingham. This ia la- 


of new land, and put the wheal 




Bin 


ct, as lam 


in no way connected with any 


row, end almost invariably h 


J ;:;; 


Iter 


be' any), m 


rood above those in Vermont 


summer-following for wheat; an 


l.MM 


1 u. 


TO with nii. 


on S. Bmnnan'a Feather River 


sou used lime on our wheat fo 


seed, 



jears (os tbe earn may bt), eighty thorough -bred, 
French-Merino ewes and forty bucks, on well-bred 
iheep as ever mood on any soiL I am eotisfied, 
from tbe observations 1 hove made among the dif- 



dnpl o 



lie one of the most favorable coontries In the 
tld. In Vermont we have reduced it to a sys- 

I have learned It by cipcrlenco and practical 
lervntioo. There Is no State in the Union 
lire there Is so ranch attention paid to tho 
Mdlag of bbeep as In Vermont; and no Slate 
itre there i„ so much mouey made. This I know, 



imported 1 



■l I-'.L- 



i Sleri 



lirtjyeai 



ocksofFrancc(Mons. 



'■■■" 


sheep. 1 hove learned 


It by 


expert 


ace and 






■0 IB' 








ely successful. Wool 




















ly. We in Vermont ha 


mad 
lu 


com 


dy, like 




Tester than what they i 








elu 


oolean bo produced h 


re w 


has 






* as one in Vermont; 


"tbe 


." P« 


ops yo„ 














V'" I will lell you In 


nyne 


llettc 


i I have 


M 


en In Ca!lr urnia nC[d not bo „ 




bcesose 


lUe 


hundred French sheep 


have 


come 


into the 




try, that ibo country 


Kill 






ill. 


a; this cannot be, for 


n Ih 


wbo 


Dai led 



Soles there are l,m ,.,-„ ,, lml ,|,. „„,[:* ; on, hc- 
">eein B to myself, the olSe, lu j. D . Patterson. I 
"«»'■ i'attcrior, the Best r.l.cep he ever owned, 
R^nturo to say that if nll lhc thorough 
it together they would 



If tbey 



00. Surely, 1 
teal! hi 



made. 1 never saw an 


i.f.f.urni 


ityyot.w 


ere I 


could make more money 


out of 


oor stock 


than 


I could out of good. Tl 


ere is no 


uch thing 




most money Is made o 


t of the 


heat, all 


hings 


considered ; the best is poor eno 


ugh. The 




houEands upon tboosnn 








i-tLi-n ?!:Lies, and part 


of tbcm 


may come 


hero, 






d some or them 


resemhle tho Iborough- 


reeds so 


closely that il 


akes nn experienced eye 


o delect 


hem; ther 


lore, 


ome men may be deceived, ns they have he 




other Slates. 1 made up 


my min 


. long ago 


that 


t was better for me to 


buy fro 


a reliable, 


ihor- 



ut from a thorough -bred animal than I can frai 
mixed-blood. lo breeding from miied-bloo 
mats you get tbe representative! of both breeds 
is 1 will explain at some otber time. And an 



with thorough -bred 



icticnlly Considered. 



As much his been said on the propriety at fal- 

lowingland for wheat, if you will permit, 1 bee 



oforo I lea Sew York, i 
of (retting guod crop 



in Hay and June, and then 
twice after, and deep and 






, Which i 
. wescldt, 
bushel i 



nily to t 



State ol 
(and in tho porlion I located), 
y. Here again, we had to 
for the first three or four 
w fallows, and harrow in. 
ry, we again had nn ubund- 



raahed I 



9 of 



try, without deep plowing and great care 
; nsed in selecting seed, wo bad no warrant 
good crop; wo might loook for smut and 
, which many bad in great abundance. All 
'armed well, most invariably bad good crops. 

a State, ond not by far the poorest State 



■: Em 



Of 111..' I 



,1-i.luiL r.| 



er-fal 



'«lng,InaiUnghoato acorn, 
dd that this was not like the Atlantic Stales; 
ild tho hot son would ruin the land. Yet, fool- 
vrdy, at it I went, determined to know formysclf. 
o, in tho month or April, 1853, 1 plowed front 
—Si Ibis was sowed In December, 



it the s 



l.-iii. 



nowly-plowcd lands, and yielded at leoat onc-lhir 
more lo lhc aero. From that to this time, I hnv 
been an advocate of fallow-plowing in Californir 
as I had been for many years In tbo Atlanti 
States; and, regardless of a!! toy notions being 
called foolish on tho subject of a ommor- folio wing, 
many in Ihcso parts Bra practicing spring -plow log 
for wheal and barley, and find they (ret double 



j- tb ut 



f.,11 I.Llur 



Tho first of March is tbe best time 
lo, if tha season is forwards. 
I means I avoid plowing l< 
■ rain-storm. The vegetation 

started before you plow. The gr 



ound over. Tbo deep 
ire water it will eudu 
ind the drought. Son 



] tbo 



I tbo bii 
monger 



gelling 1 

endure drought, bci 
r myself, having tried 
tin, Ibis I find lo pa 
ctly understood, Hint 
no, you need not look 
I am fully satisfied tb, 






nughiy n 



1 nnw, friend Rnsticus, I will refer yon to 
of my articles In the Calikmsu FiniiKB, 
I.," "Dodge," "I. 



'•I. D. Morlcy," 

lag and Eipei 

V, Hon. 2, 6, 3 

VI, Nos, 1, 2, S, a 

VIII, Nos. 1, 2, not 

II i Vol. X, So. 19; 

d I might go on, 1 



in and t«.t so 



u r.iiiiv, 



s of 

ila, lo wit : 
14, IS, 21, 23, ond 26 ; Vnl. 
d 22; Vol. VII, So. 24; Vol. 
II; Vol. IX, Nos. 7, 10, nad 
Vol, XI, Nob. 4, 15 and IT; 
it I think thin will suffice; if 
F your friends will favor mo 
to pleasure in showing yon or 
i between summer- lull u-.ved 



i a of a Prult-grownr — Grapes. 
>rk fruit-grower communicates tbi 
^Gardener's Monthly of Philadelphia; 
>t of fruit colture is at present cst- 
nlerest in nil parts of our country, 



forth, South, East 
ivcry article that a; 

cad by tbo peopli 
[rowing for tho non 



cbes of fruit oul- 
op of peaches Or npplcs every 
t we arc doing pretty well; 



inntry, grapes 
.0 most Sortbe 



;ltudo of vi 
dc worth, s 
t tbo grcnl 



Itabdla. — This popular vnric 
own on the Hudson, and mure 
inlly sold in tho Sow York n 
hers put together. It is a [ 
ncn properly planted and pr 



-adiug tbe winter < 
wood will bo foo 
irccly a bud well rip 



Shd op -killing Qogn. 



nit.,1 i-..-,-,v nfi:;liliiirlirio(l. It wool 

V'-i ■ ■;.„!' [ ; r j;. , " llaliv,: ' 1 would ali ^" 

ic of tbo immenso sloogblcr of Sbocp I 
olbor places, by dogs, should awaken 



Potato flpranto for Planting, 
in my corn was np and hood last season, 
s-ero somo bills missing. I told my son to 

routs, from sis to eighteen Inches long, 
t them out In tho corn-mining hills which 
en hen-manured In tbe bill for corn, which 
. Tboy nll grew, and yielded equally As good 



,,■ biLldlif 



o the blllai 

gTOUU 



Ihoyearpreviuus. Tber 
i 'hoy wire the Ooburi 
■ Please nmiumbcr tba 
a picked off with the fin 



-kill, ,i 






of the vino will adi 
l,..l'-ire Hi,, fruit Is h 
will suffer no injury. So grape Ibn 
is so prono to overbear ns the Isabi 
grape 



uningwl'lhco 

1,'i llhlll llH:.:l 
if li.. SllUUlJ 1 



Reaping nnd Mowing MaohinoB. 
nn age of inventions, of labor-saving mn- 
e* nothing has [ended more to dovolop our na- 



dcod Increased and cheapened the facilities for tbo 
transport of coram jdi ties, and wbllo it bos opened 

kcts for the product of labor. Prlnlfng bos die- 
seminated koowlcdgc, and tbe cleclrio telegraph 
furnisbed n lish'olng-ciprcas for tbe conveyance 



ol infori 



■n or boisc-powcr. But the cnttb is 
inrce of wealth nod power, which 



enough to supply tbo continent, aod which has 

of Egypt, or the harvest which is annually ship- 
ped from the ports of tho Bllck Sen. 

We cannot loo earnestly impross upon our farm- 
ers the policy or being provided with good nnd re- 
liable implements of husbandry. Any other pol- 
icy is "penny-wise and pound- foolish." Without 
disparagement lo any nf the various styles of 

jusllfisd in commending to our agriculturists tbe 
celebrated reaper of Warder k Child, ol Ohio, 
now in its fifth ^ear of successful Iriul in Cnlifor- 
nia nnd Oregon. Messrs. Arthur ,t Son, tbo 

chines on this coast, and they inform ua that 
the past four years not one machine has failed 
give complete satisfaction, and that not §25 worth 
of extras have been sold by them during that tlmo. 
The editor of this pnper bad nccasion to speak in 
flattering terms of tho performance of this reaper 
Inst year, at tbo Alameda County Fair, which 
awarded It a premium. Tbe tombined mncbino is, 
no of which vro now partlcu- 



Ojfi 



This 






iat of 



I varnished to show tbe quality of tho 
I" is of tbe very best s 



Thai 



ssly for 



his market 



■">!"■■ m 



IB shoo 



vood nnd nil tin. spurs Ir.ini [lie li.j.irin- brand,. ■ 
lud nnly on. fruii.ln.jrin^ nUni } .li„„|,| ], : ;i,|-. 
..■r-id i., t -ru,v lr.,n, ii l.iiii. if tln.jg directiona nr( . 
c-lluii.-rl. il... rculT will bo fine largo clusters 
■ !l 1 " 11 fl"-'" '') tbo tlrjt of fJtlobcr, wllh 



:en mado and sold In tho Ui 

ienco that thoy are nn niero o/periment 

mbor of acres cat in a day by these ma 

bolb reapers nnd mowers, would challong. 

; usually our belief, had wo oat seen their performance, nni 

■tiGcntcs of well-known farmers hen 

nnd 1 aali '" lho Uidul ° Slalc! - Tuo Mtss«- Arthu: 

will have now two hundred of both single and com. 

ngth I bincd machines, and those who tnko pleasure Ir 

uumlning a beautiful piece of mechanical laven- 

ion, whether they wiab to purchase or not, would 

;o well to call at tho warehouse, corner of Wnsh- 

nglon and Davis streets, and judge for themselves , 



;lnd to say that this prnctiei 
ban formerly, and fruit la be, 
red na private nrniji.Tlv. 



> Koop Sweet Fotatoen. 
lent of the Ojkalooso Herald give 
□ethod of keeping tho sweet patst 

and and put them in— it don't mat 
id Is dried, In a kiln, in a log heap 
bo it is dry, that Is all that Is re 






drying i 









family that has a littlo 
ly keep n box or two of eight or ton bushels^ 
tbnut much Inconvenience. Tho times must bo 
sod six or eight inches from tbe floor, nud thoy 
ist not bo nearer than four inches fr 
il tho box with potalai 



.11 red cob; 



: ripeos quick and fully, and tbe coi 
{besides, It Is tho finest kind or fa 
riV/ht golden yellow. It is the best kind of 



Carrots as Food for Stock 
>luo of Onrrots na food for !, orsos nnJ 
ck is beginning to be appreciated:- We 
lcaro from Messrs. 0. L. Kellogg & Co. that they 



,, old in 



otboi 



any year 



with s* 



t It is all f 






of my potatoes only by letting 
lid. A thermometer only co 
ery man ought to hnvo ono." 



id for this purposo tb 
previous. Carrots arc now eel 
un. This should not bo when the aero cannro" 
lueo twenty to thirty tuns. We hope nil who hare 
pare land, will not allow the present opportunity 
o pa=i without preparing ground for a good field 
f carrots. Thoy will always sell lor slock-fccd. 

Sugar Boot 
DAinvs.ES should now imnrove Ibo upportnnit T 
which i. offered them by tbe Into rnins, to plant * 
good field of Sugar B«l for their milch cows 
8hccp.rai.ers should also have on abundance of 
Ibis article for their abeep, especially their brad. 
%-«Ji«j.. Those wlio have largo flocks of shoop 
viill iin-l crtat economy in it, nj WB w. „«,_ 

""'fs:^:. 1 ,.'""" """••■" '••■•«•« ~»' 



= ^{^^G^^ XFO MNJA 1= F^^^^^ 



CALIFORNIA NOTES. 

J 01 Al**. fl- T1VLOB. , 

^HB BTOIANOLOOTOF CAUFOHMT*- 

Homb«4. Santa Crux County ^^ 
Yocabalary of tte /n <£™ '^'^""ai^ by Sen. 

Padrt Jucn C«<xi>ie>, w Sy/ra^n-, Ifia0 - 
cousu. wma* -Si or '*""' 
■ar- shells lupsesk 



lamin, Ajnlia, Tiehuiln, Brocnoho, Cbnvoynt, Ojo- 
igucm, Hunchaacbo, Guassay, Snynmt, 

Guam, Monov, Ficcny, Nanchc, Cnhot, Huigolot, 

Cohuchlt, Piicnsla, Nenoat, Jaynlmc.FoiJaccattl, 

Fosate, Chi eh aim o, and YehuagiL 

Tho different rancberins mimed by CIlbcK were 
ilbin the present county of S..1. Orn*. 






red patiaraiu 

J,lao murium 

yellow luchcamin 

strong tuise 

Olfl jnli.-.-ni.-h 



.-., uh S> 



r, IS50. 



young 
good 






ng l r ecM. 

live, lifo nsb-bo-u 
dead, death scmoshl 



He. A. S. Tavlou, Monterey : 

Esteemed Sir: I Bolter myself of having com- 
plied wilb jour desire, io the matter to be found 
in tho inclosed paper. If my services con be of 
any use io you in any thing die, command your 
icod and servant. Jdas B- CoHntnifl, 

Presbyter. 
Toue having requested (but I should furnish 
ju, if possible, wilh some inrormolion relating to 
the traditions, religion, superstition t, Ac. of tho 
Indians, I con give you no other than that which 
1 copied Irom a book Misting in the archives of 
this Mission, and may possibly b 



my dialects as ranchenos where tney 
nnd it is a matter of surprise that, although 
10I being moro distnnl from another, 01 
than two leagues, when they are not i 



tuoio >'» 

beard ayes 

arm J«u 

hiind pnlmish 

Indian shacB Eboloc 
bread missoy 

pipe, calumet torejo 



many, much yasir 






fingers 
sails 
body 
belly 

feet 

toes roiasb t 

bone chain i 

grA"hoppcrnruil I 

condor urvultqre c»;n: i 

whale chime I 

blood payao > 

town, village pcpla 
chief nit-tres 

friend oaient 



kettle 



light 
night 
darkness 



amnnuha tbirl 

cbemo four 

lili fine! 

chippl sixtt 

usi ECVe 

tnjish eigh 

chare o cine 



saguen 



niishur-Q^b 
a tupny-lBC-Ssi 






venty 
Ibirly 
forty 

riiiy 

bundled 
drink 



cation tbey 

ibingwln 

The Gi 



cut short, and for many days do 
lamentations. Tho Indians do not strike- a bar- 
gain or mako a contract, and generally do not 
comply wilb their promise. They ate so inclined 
to lying, that ulmost always they will confess of- 
fence, they have not committed. The most pre- 

Tbeybavo no charity but towards their reln- 
;ions, nnd thus through partiality Ibo Indians, 
ilthough Cbrislinns, "ill suffer any one not of 
their blond to starve. For this reason the Pairts 
have care to provide against these errors when an 
Indian from other ports comes to the Mission. 

Tbo Gentiles do not give any quarter to their 
enemy ; when tho latter falls in battle, they 
bis limbs, and take otT his bend, and put them on 
a spear, and carry the same in triumph to their 
rancberia, and through all the rancherins of their 
allies. They are governed by chiefs or captains. 
There is not an Indian known to possess property, 
for they make nil their riches consist In having 
nnd wearing ninny beads. 

Jfc Mian is a lover of music, and the Gentiles 



-.irring from the 
mce apart from 

slightest idea of 



s a mystery profoundly o 

re liny tu'U-iil will) " pin 

(■farces of" ourlilllu plum' 
, L . „r California, generally, 
irts of making nrU io ( 
.rhicbnrcsnidlobe very 
and capable of inking man 



California slngni 

' re, in addition, 

>ect of tho Ind 



Tho California, 
paniards from the 
ovc them. Until 



), for tbo Pudri 



chilli 



ved that If they ofTeud then 

At this Mission do one is accused 
tbo people of reason (white mci 
love tbcm as their children, and 
tbcm against the smallest insult. 
The Indians of bolh scics pn 
degree, tbo virtue of obedience; 



the poor, our seraphic father, St. Francis, r< 
mends to his sons; and they allow llicmaeh 
bo unconditionally governed by them in c 
thing". It is certain that tbn gnrdenor, alii 
well knowing bis trade, will pnt bis plants i 
ground with the roots upwards, if the Padre 



Oiber virtues tbey arc ignorant of, but they a 
not wilbont charity or compassion towards tbo 
who are of their own blood. Tbey do not cnlc 

there are, notwithstanding, among 



Inks hoi col 

valley ruum 
hills, sierra satos 



-guay 



coyoto mnyan 
dog hichas 

foi yorig 

EJ|uim.l (jruund) yh 



pigeon molmol 
Cal. quail aeos 
hawk cacral 



wings 
wild oaL 



■e, who i 

terror of the devil, whom tbey 
autbor of nil evil. Tbey make II 
in order not to be molested by b 
deposit some oT the dour tbey eat 

With the same eod tbey 

al and clandestine roceiio 

ccoling the fact from thr Padre 

sometimes at oigbt the me 

i an assembly in the woods, c 

midst of them tbry erect a bi| 



with a 



efore : 



- In.lin. 



I idolali 



ims. From tbi 
forefathers they preserve the tradition, that nl o 
limn (lii.ru- cunti I" iln-ir rt-fiiwhi « fiiniouH furei. 
woman, about whom 1 asked some questions to i 
Indian of Santa Cruz, nnd ho told me tbey called 
her "the Padre Kith thr nomas, " far, say ibey, she 
appeared to them dressed ob a Padn 
"big bosom." They any she preached 
that within a short time there would 



(1..!. 






i wbicl 



ought 



■m, for 



"rJor kit 
curlingly ,1 



iUerent kinds of food. Tbo diff 
;ly journals of Cnllfornin, foi 
i, will be found in proper dilige 



NURSERY BUSINESS. 



BLACKBERRY PLANTS, ETC. 

STbo nndonleood now offers for sain part nf- n 
Ms ha wll«i:..i. ■■: i|,.:« iniititvaSte 
PLANTS, at llje foll.u-ln,- niMjctn nrrs^WS 
Each kind wnrrnnted genuine. 

Blackberry Plants. 

Gooseberry BuEbeg. 

Strawberry Plants, 
Salmoabeny Plants, t> 



dinnology of our 
ic or Hutching?, 
mgravings from Kal 



'""'i'-'\A(' ; 'ri' isi'iM. iinn. 



■tcnslls.) 



The> Sheop Buainoas. 
To illustrate whether the keeping of sheep is 
:oDlohlo nnd desirable busioess in this State, t 
an Andreas Independent publishes the anne* 
statement based Dn resnlu already obtained 
Calnvtru cnunly. Wo have noticed the artii 
copied and credit givea to a wrong source. T 
Independent 



infori 



From 

amount of c; 

bridling uf 



gaged i 



nut Agrtda, in whoso lire 
. revelation from Heaven, 
among nil the Gentiles, 
c., those who bad less dis- 
1 to God, were the inbabit- 
I other remote countries of 



mortcr (to pound 

sardines tnpnr 
lull-, ur bullrutlies hno-lc 
cloud risba 

fog puhay 

humming-bird urns 
cbeaatl, or 
blackbird sncrln 



Tbe rancher 


as of Indls 


ns near this Miseio 


n al 


within eight o 




of Sanu Cr 






which this iocs 


hularj-w^. 


spoken, were 


An! 


nine 


tbo ranchcria 


proper to 


the Mission; 


Cha 


imf 


one mile north 




e Mission; I 




hln 


two miles north-west of 


.he Mission; 


W»l 




Sio Cotchmin 


; Sbnremee; Onbi; 


Oho 


« 


Turauii ; Paya 


min; Sb 


gaermi ; Han 


uur 


i. 




Iso had ne 






icrii 




enlis (Sou 








Teuata, Teje 


, KoWoal 


Ul'llliUNl, I, 


cobo 


Ye 



dance until morning. 






[iftfe— ; Tho Indians or Santa Crui and 
Clara seem to have always been in lights nboul 
the pu:-itjjiijn of the Llinniiu.ir mine, now til 
mensely rich New Almnden. The Indians, 



., c k->i %vhil-i 
,. tin,,, liav. 
e(nel)ofu 



Eltrahelpin lai 
Price of mule or 
To which add, s 



GOLDEN-GATE 
3W XT It SS e: xt s- 



HARDY EVERGREEN SHRDBBEBY, 
GREEN-HOUSE PLAKTS, 
EVERGREEN OLllililNG TIKES, * 
ROSES, in 250 varieties, including fine standards, 
DAHLIAS, FUCHSIAS, CARNATIONS, 



■ ill be ("[-■■■ i ;■!■■ I by mai 
ignad. 
W. C. WALKER, Proi 



Rare Hardy Plants, 

A GltANDi FLORA, 



USoabeod 

soy, GU cent, (net)... 



Total 

rs that, without all 
profits of this bus 
t a year. This is d 
n tbo exclusive- 11 






ndorcd idols, and therefore it is not aeccssar 
eviee means for compelling tbcm io abstai 
i a guilt tbey do not possess. This is a grct 
intagc, for Ibey readily ndmit tbo Cbrlstia 

be Gentile Indian, when be wishes to matr 
j to tbe hut of her he desires for a wife, at 
ing himtclf close by her, sigbi without spcal 
n word, nod casting at her feet some beads i 



Tbe Call 



; Indiai 



■e the 



self oi 






o In dini 



reply of Padre Olbei, the ft 



u- .if ll 



male neophytes, to wit: Cunlura, Choll, Voaccbj, 

Cbocbon, Socoy, Gunisilii, Ayacho, X 

Cha:bffi, Tixccbay, Coyenes, Cbelir 

Horirjachi, Hulchdir, Yopuachcc, G c 

jome, Vichili, Coltuell, Olluc, Chi 
Setuojatn, Callgnilhu, liochi, Gulb 
Chill, Cbua, Zsyama, Ohapall, Yuj 
holt, Taocn, Lcmesla, Cliojan, Tehri, Ohoyl pels 
(en, Chulpinib, Yachnlle, Yonoa^ Tigus, Oa'cbays" 
Tueay, Socohues, Capibllstil, Oocball, I'aidacbo' 
Colon, SaoMt, r [U , Sltin, Gisic, Ohlujam, Satm 
Tsajuli.|uc. 

The ftmala names were : Holislis, Picbiak, „„„. 
Jom, Ojolote, Pahiehll, Begcyatc, Chnemlt, Chlot- 



nary,pnls 
and crosses himself. As thii 
is to get married, tbn Misjionaij asks him, 
] 1 and after having examined tho will of t 
, nnd there not being found any impcdlmei 

ll Ifoly Mother tho Cburcb. 

til now It has not been ascertained that I 

.ns had any rcmedlei 



California seem .>lg*t « hart 
tone, as found IsTleir Mo 



LI,:,.]..N 



i the 



ther parts of North 

is hills of the Carmelo 
uicb has many figures 
j painted In red; most 
tbo present Now Al- 
•ad-waters of tbe Sau 



01 tourse, liko ever 

mi, L'i l>u profitable. • 

There ore millions nf n 
oounloim, from tho foot- 
.tiielly adapted to the gn 



We hope, then, suun L. 
s "on a thoufiinil liilb. 1 
must pay if cIojl-Iv attem 



ENGLISH LAUilEL, 
LAURIE It AMAH DIE It— mock-on 
METIlOa IDE 111.13— jcirlit-ot P-uui] 

BERMUDA CaAES-ROOTS, 
For Salo at tha GOLDEN GATE FDESEHY, eorntr 
of Fonrtn and Falsom streets. di 



100,0 00 

FRUIT TREES! 

SAN LORENZO NURSEfiYI 

'oar miles above San Leandro.on tho road leading » 
Hay ward's. 

;rfjV TnE Subwribcr "onld call the alten 

'.'..-■' 1 1,.— .i.-ir-.n' -,|- i-iin'H-.:: n;|-ir IftKEi, Ih 



Tho most of which have been grafted from beans 

CHOICEST VARIETIES! 
Also— DWAKF PEAR ON ANGERS QuTSCl 
Peach, Neotarino, and Fig Trees I 
CALIFORNIA AND FOREIGN I I 

Q-rape-vlnes! r^ 

RASPBERRY, CURRANT, -$& 
AND ROSE BUSHES. rV 

His trees an trained with Ion top*, are of lLri*T 
grtwtb, and 

GROWN ENTIRELY WTTIIurT IRlirn ATfC'S 
All of which will be sold at greatly redness ro* 
Parohasore are ni>j>ectfu]ly rcqui-mcil to eallioJO' . 
mine my tree<, o» I dtiiro to giro sallffactiiO, W» " ' 
UAL1TV and ia TRICE. 
Termg Cash. All orders promptly attended ta. I 



t tbey 



If t 



rinhly die. Nature even docs 
'c children. Death Is not feared even, by 
rittinns ; with the greatest indlllereace they 
id diu with the ut- 
li (or vnpor bath) is 



anqollliy. The 



This I: 



nadc, and by the 



heir don 



okes, which nfTecl 



I, dyse, 



m in the spring and barn 
nut tno most common is syphilis. 

By tbo revolutions of the maon tbey know 
seasons of tbe year, and by tbo son ibo hours of 
tho day. The Gentiles hum tho bodies of lb oil 
warriors and allies who fall in war; theso who dii 
of natural death they inter at snndown; and at 
bolb kinds of funerals they assist with their halt 



loan or Estrella Creek, 
Saliuas River at Ssn Uigoel Ulsiioii, nl ..houl fifty 
miles southeast by South from the Mission and a 
ihort distance from the Sulphur Spring, or tbo 
east "part of tbo Plain on ,lbo Carisso Ranch (the 

of my Meads informs mo are covered with Indian 
fignrcs in red pnlal; most likoiy made by vermil- 
ion frnm thn Now Idrin locality, so miles oast, or 
that of New Almadco, 200 miles north, oc of some 

There most bo alio a locality of Clnnabai 
deposit on tho frontiers of Lower California, oi 
probably In the mountains orooud the Mission oi 
Sau Francisco Borgia, or In the unknown conntr; 
on the western shore of tho Qulf, below tho muuth 



o have 


nlsog 


nv, hi 


a and cry. 


line- 


rr° h 


"•■ "• 


ne 11 


i will with 
is easily b 
e, with whic 


laud 


peri or 


unlily 


nrilm 






















a-road 


meetlns 


held 


at Sloekton 


nlhe 


tor fro 


i U 1. 


Travo 


-s, dated Mur] 




,.. ,,-Ll 


ious. 


that 


^TOsTi- 




t walk 


d from 


Grimly Bear Vallo 


thn 






say that footmen e 








Ther 






















.V..l.,ll. Thn 




tm on 


" J '"" 


u Lai 


cd subieriptl 


nsto 



TO SHE13P FARMEBS- I 




[NURSE R Y,f 

Corner or Volsom asu Spark Mfrceul 



A CHOICE COLLECTION OF 

®SS«tM|M33 P'!T#I 

T1IE LAH0i;9T AND BEST A3S0RTSIENT Of 

FIRST PREMIUM ROSES and DAHIL4S| 
Evergreen and Ornamental Shrabberj. | 






THE CALIFOBNIA FAEMEIL 



59 



jrreei t» London I)injNe»»,Jiin.IS.| 
Mi. Rmcy and '.lie Cobiuon. 
j lit Rnrey, who is nboul departing for tbo East, 
With Ihc view of miking acquaintance with tbo 
■Iced) of the Prophet in the Arabian Desert, gave, 
, yesterday evening, hiabircivell lecture to an English 
inditoce, in »r. Allen's Riding School, Seymour 
street, Urywisuio* square. He might bnvo pre- 
viously addrcsscX mure ili^iinfiiL^hr'l oudlencps, 
but certainly never a more critical one than that 
the echo ob this occasion. 
illilil-! Knflisli marks of 

., sad all voce the badge 
.litao order, the exhibition 
. (be indispensable pass- 
speak more plainly, the 



■ trUch npplnu 
[gentility ivhoi 



cr., 



a fan thonsand trees. 



SHADE TREES, 

or rale Ibis season, cOarutlni of— 

10,000 Lcoust Trees, 
1,000 China Trees, 
Lombard; Poplar, 
Mountain Ash , 

Magnolia Acnminata. 

Tosclhor wiii 

i, Linden, 

i, ■ Weeping Willow, 

lie, Arbor Yltffi, 







o necessity for 


















itl form, to the 












:vnfcs woo were 






l." During the 






en as to the uae- 






;cy or gentleness 
























eoosly declared 
















Lilinjj v,:ii ii 


: remarkable for 






a dreadful cart- 




lied WOttl 1. 




■wis, who ha. 




rs, and knocked 




,:;■■-.< m a 1,1 


of ungovernable 



do roam for Sir. Carey's head, shoo 
happily gel near enough for the i 



len who were silting i„ tbo straw, while he at the 
— "TO made demons tretiooa with his inoulh 

•tlukeJ .,:...„!,. I Mill,. ,„,,, ll]tn JcJcrouslj 



med 










V, whils Mr. Raroy sat 
























oved his reform In the 








lily-shod bidder booh 




to rise and oihlbll his 























ft the professor mounted this tremendous 



Dal trier, and rode b 
Id,,'.. *l I, i - lini.-m 



mill such 
hicb lb 



gcd, and that cruelty, beside being so bad in 
, la the least profitable system of the manege. 

NURSERY BUSINESS, fee. 



J. R. 33 A. Y, 
SEED AND NURSERY DEPOT, 

No. 106 J STREET, 

SACRAMENTO, 



TREES, SHRUBBEKRY, AND VINES. 



o he fcond In th 


Stall 


eoasUtins; of ere 


Almond, 




Mulberry, 


Apple, 




Nectarine, 








Blackberry, 




Pear, 


Cherry, 




Plam, 


Me, 




Strawberry, 


Cowberry, 




Quince, 


Grape, 




Raspberry, 


eiide a good stock of 


SHRUBBERY i 



s a a a 



o Loca.1 



-all warranted. 

ainly not equaled, br u 



SEEDS I SEEDS! 



> DEPARTMENT contniiu 



'incs, Rhubarb Roots, Ajparngnn Plnnts, Grape 

Cuttings, Dahlia Roots, 
irerytbicK appertalninc to tho Seed and Nnrcerj 
bnsine^ For »loalRroaTlr reduced iirilcJliumlasticar. 
ARTICHOKES. CHOP AS— articles deserving i ■ oinl 
itiee-arefurialo in quantities. 
Cealen will bo iuppllcd en tho most liberal terms. 



HOP ROOTS. 

THOSE DESIRING TO ENGAGE In 
butlnea— HOP 

■ fu 

Ir. 
1*1 



SACRAMENTO ADVERTISEMENTS. 



ST. GEOK&E 
HOTEL! 

Corner of Fourth an d J Streets, 
SACRAMENTO. 



RE-FITTED AND RE-FURNISHED, 

18 NOW OPEN 
FOE THE RECEPTION OF THE PUBLIC. 



Premium Marble Works I 

. J. DEVINE iSE HROTHER, 



W M . B . HUNT, 
WOOL and TALLOW. *^- 



Office on Second > 



SAORAMENTO. 



SAMUEL JELLY, r>g» 

I IMPORTER OP ^ 

FINE WATCHES, JEWELRY, 

Silver-ware, Gallery, &c, 

124 J STREET ONE DOOR BELOW FIFTH, 

WMebesRepilrodandJoi.clry Manafactured. 
JgaiU for Grocer £ Bakcr'i Seining Macliina. 



SEED. PLANTS, fco. 



C H U F A S 

OR . 

Earth-Aimoncis! 

GO Pcoodsof COOMB or EAHTH.ALUOND3. forsalo bj 

S.W.MOORE, 

i-fi Seed Warehouse, 110 California street 



To the Seed Trade, 

2 HAVING TBR LARGEST AND MOST EX- 
* tenure slock of 

S IE IE 33 S 



Diifcb BulbouN Boots. 



J. M. Tl'Otimil* & CO., 

Growers and Emportors of Seeds, 

15 John street, 



New York Seed Warehouse, 



SAN FRANCISCO. 
O. L. KELLOGd & CO., 
Garden, Flower, Fruit and Tree Seeds. 

"" '"'w-rai Huuiouf SooTa ( ° r 

"A, i.ur... „f rj.eiai^ii Importation; 



K.'lHLlfi! KVK OIIA^; 

TOBACOO. 

i-n.-;;;V- ricoT. 3eedL«f| 

VEGETABLE SECTS- A n«l nMn 
bain of Ajaorlcd rfe&lr, In pflpen, ,ul[( 

Llberd difcoout to cuunTrr ilrfllera Cil 



GARDEN AND AGRICULTURAL 

SEED WAREHOUSE, 

No. lOS CALIFORNIA STREET. 




TO THE AGRICULTURAL PUBLIC: 

THE SUBSCRIBER DESIRES TO EXPRESS TO HIS FBIBSDS AND'PATRONS, HIS WARH 
and nnrewrred (hanks for their kind and mneb-nooded support dorln K tbo past year, wbleb has far exceeded bis 



Re desires tbcrcforo to call their 
oiler For sale for 1EG0: 



id of the lending articles whiob bo will 



THRASHERS: 

PITXS' GENTJTHE BiTPPAT.n THEAEHEE, 6 and 10 borae-powcr, with an nttnebmont fo 

measuring and neutering the number of bushels thrashed, and baBcinc, the grain. 
C. HI. RuSMOll'S iUasHlllon, Olilo, Tlirasbf.r, 8 and 10 horse- po wor. 
Ball's Celebrated Canton, Oblo, do 3 and 10 do 

The Albany, \<iv imli, do 1 nod 2 do 

The above Macliincs were Made Expressly to Order Tor the California Market. 



■a Casting*, Drapers, Elaiaton, Cylinder Teeth, <£o., tx n o 



It tba aboTa r mnchlncSi 



THE CALIFORNIA COMBINED HEAPER AND MOWER! 



in ;Y|.Uu.Lcr 



r the New York Reaper, on irinl na a 
?alr, bold in Jane test. Also, the same ana 
and at ibo Santa Clara County Pair, held in 



o called to a notice given 



;, below, by n> 



, TO THE SEED TRADE. • ^ 

We hare the largest nnd most varied assortment o, 

FEESH FIELD AND fJAEDEN BEEE3, 



gife I'ulluihfrcEUjn to out p&Lrooa. 
Our slock coanjlfl, la part of: 
ALFALFA or Chile Clover Seed, Pont: ■ 

Red Clover ; Timoih,- Gru;a ; Red-lop Grass 



Csbbigo, Tiirnlp, Carrol, Beet, Onloa, 

Unco, BmIuAt, Melon, Cncorabsr, 

Tumalo, Eqoub, Pounlp, «c 

FRUIT, TREE, AXS FLOWER SEEDS, 
Bodding and Pruning knives, Qordcn Tools, etc, 
CsF CualogD*. [ormudoi on application. 
Bo.es of 100 Pnpers-Po. U p h, onrKl.e^ ujonrf. Tor 

vo bavo all kinds of TREES and PLANTS, 

Addreu, 3. P. StVBESY Ac CO, 




Seed -%/v ai-ojtLoijijse ! 

(ESTABLiaHBD FN 1830,) 

S . W . MOORE, 

No.110 Californlo st, letween Montgomery taansonn 



ETTCHEN-QAEDEN, FIELD, FL0WEE, 
FRUIT AND TREE SEEDS 

IN CALIFORNIA, IN0LUDINO 

),0D01bs.Pnro Alfalfa or Chili Clover Beed, 

l-ACKTHS, TULIPS, LILIES, AND OTHER 
BULBOUS ROOTS. 



■ '"■■■' ■'■.' '"■'» ■>!■■■ |.fMi.|.llv illcnord to. A libcreldli 

;,; '.'"," !."i" : '.'.'. ' ■ '■';.' .'■ ■■■'■■ r-.iii.-.ii.rn.i,..,,!!,,,, ..,,,.„ 



COUeHSYEUP 

» is equu. .^ 

t^Advertisei*^ 



October last. 

Tour ntten 
Asricullural Soci, 

PECK'S HEADER AND HARVESTER ! 

To which was nlso awnrded the FIRST PREJUDM nt tbo Slato Fair, nnd at the Snntn Clara County 
Pair. 

With the einoilonee of the put season, Ibis maobine It so improved as to bo. wltbout question, 

Tto.e Very Best Harvester in Use. 

SICKLE SECTIONS. 

SICKLE SECTIONS for llcCORHICK'S, HUSSEY'S, BURRILL'S, SEY1I0UR it MORGAN'S, 
PALMER 4 WILLIAMS', and MANNY'S {with Wood's Improvement) REAPERS. Also— 
EXTRA CASTINGS AND BRASS BOXES FOR THE ABOVE MACHINES. 



:ei o h s e 



RAKES 



WHITE'S PATENT STEEL-TOOTHED BUGGY HORSE RAKE; 
WILCOX'S REVOLVING HAY RAKES, 8, 10 utrd 12 foot. 



r Feed, Com Meal or Flour; requiting but two-horse 
3 nnd tbo best imported. 



d manufacture), 
(homo ana ufue lure). 



BOYER'S FARM MILLS, 
power. The cheapest farm mill in use. 

PREMIUM FANNING MILLS, of oar own mo 

INGERSOLL'S PATENT HAY PRESSES. 

GRANT'S GRAPE-VINE GRAIN CRADLES. 

KLMBALL'S PATENT SCYTHES and SNATHS, notched beols; tho Tory best pat- 

HAY FORKS, BARLEY FORKS, hath stael and wood. 

WILCOX'S TELREE-BOWED HAND RAKES. 

HOVEY'S HAY CUTTERS, all sizes. 

RUBBER BELTING, nil widths. 

MONKEY WRENCHES. 

GARDEN HOES and RAKES. 

SKELETON CLOD CRUSHER OR FIELD ROLLER (hou 

GRINDSTONES, nil sizes. 

PATENT ATMOSPHERIC CHURNS; tho host churn in nst 

CHEESE PRESSES, eolf-aoting (bouie mauufaoturo). 

LACE LEATHER; LUBRICATING MACHINE OIL. 

LILLIE'S CHILLED^ IRON SAFES. 

EXTRA POWERS. 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 Horse. 

EXTRA TRUCKS nad EXTRA LEVERS. 

t: REPAIRING DOME ON SHORT NOTICE. 13 



■ to manufacture these Hires can purchase tho Right of us. 

THOS. OGfG SHAW, 

33 SACRAMENTO STREET, 
San Franoisoo. 

idorslgned, members of (he State A B rieul1nnil Society of California, hare seen nad examined tho 
ed CALIFORNIA COM DINED KEAl'Ell AND MOWER manufactured br THOMAS 0OQ SHAW 
bco. California, fur which a patent hat beta applied for; and, In ear JndBiuunt, no consider it coo el 
mproremenbi that has ever como coder our obi err ul ion, of the Bind ; and «o cbeorfullr recommend to 
"'— ilioa) this maehlne, as onoef tho best Combined Reapen 



}- Im!i, I 



IT decided 



John <1. 1 '-■v.ri, v, 


0. L Hutchinson, 


0. C. Wlcelor. 










W. WadsBorth, 








Wm. RuFus Laogliyr, 








H. M. Htnston, 




Rlam Carilngton, 


Ed. Davis, 






J. P. Ueleblor, 




a. n. j«ii. 


Jas. Qanortb, 






Jos. Harris, 




Charles B. Cooloj, 


J. Formaa, 


Charles J. CoUIni, 








Bernard S. Foi, 


W. H. Parks, 
J. B. ValUa 


Jc«. H. Neritt, 




J. MorrlU, "■ 




W. W. Light, 


Wm, Rabo, 
Jacob L. Lewis, 


H. Crooklto, 


Prod Woodward, 


Jos. irionenoUne, 






B. R. Crocker, 






0. 0. Jenls, 





60 



IFiEETcXL IFOENUJ^lIli 



% telifimtia faiwt 




Biiwt oar letters mi Ei-chanR"- 
t out corrcspoudoota please t» porUenlar una 



n freeoool murearrisgas w 



m the old Stales »!««• writ"" *I UlB,,v ' :l """-"- 
as often m coVrUc t » *"»"* r « Ui,a,M ° Ut pbB ' 

ODBSELVES-A SPECIAL KOTICE. 

Tn* o«!cmp"<l. tto original and proaal wjj 



Caubtont LeBtaloHon-Cbto. and Japan. 
Slates of our Onion or Kuropo 
tbink or say, when they review tbo action of our 
Legislature npon ibo Chinese and Japanese qucs- 
Witb China our Government and Europe 
:ld intercourse and transacted business to 
ount of many millions onnuully, and for 
Bmplro has been shut 
if, wbca by the forco of 
(bat nation aro opened 
and Ineit trade is about to offer ns wealth, 
nd oar ships to receive their Ambassadors, 
ir Governments, National, SUle and CitJ, all 
to pay them homage, and our Legislators 
o thouiondi of dollars complimentary 1 



Hiving il- 

iir,-.- i., ■■]■!' .!.■ 






We arc led t 



should bo folk 
porta and Iradi 



m d varals misearr 
oed with deep regi 



to the simple jet clearly appari 
snch legislation, which, if 11 
id by other States or our Nationa 
Id be sufficient cause io close thi 
f China to as. The Chiocse nn< 



.villi 



Rain Statistics. 

Da. Henry Gibbon., a well kaown scientific gen 
tlemen formerly of this city, reports to the Ala 
medn Herald the statistics of rain In Aprll^oj 
May, from 1HBO to 18S9, wbli" 
ceedlngly interesting nnd imp 

As the sabject of rain bas [ 
farmers, I propose to state l 



> .\l-.v. 



,„,.| U.iy 



He sayB : 
itcresl for o 

llilv llj.lt li 



n Fmik 



o from the 



gored in my n 



- - 8H, nl 
icda. The number of days on w 













0.19 in. on 3 days. 




0.05 in. on 8 days. 




3.31 io. on 6 days. 




6. ISA in. on 10 days 


lass 


3.14 in. on 1 days. 



l85B, 1.14 in. on 4 days. 0.1 

1B59, 0.33 In. on 4 days. S-<» : 

The average for Iho nine years Js 
i quarter inches in April, and thro 



oo 1 day. 

on 1 day. 

„n id.iy. 
on 5 days. 

on 4 days] 
aril.:; ■ ■!" mi 
in April. 



Homomber the Dovon Cnttlo Sale. 

TuuBBnii*, April 19tb, the sale of Dovon Cattle 

will lake place on Pinttlnit, in front of the Blaok 

HawkStablo. Bach animal will be inoini ttparaltbj, 

thai purchasers can view tbcm fully— their 

form, action, and general appearance. The follow- 

oppearcd in tbo Hartford Courant, rcln- 

. Ely's stock, which wo take pleasure in 



iu tluir 
o of the 



unjiu 



IMlu-! 



i the pre) 



in our showy hospitality. 



injustleo maj 
Original Fott 



Thorough-Brecl Horn 6a. 
rcc horses offered as "Ibon 
blood-str. 



it forth 



'•■■■■■' : 



speaking, grodod-slock. "Thoroagh-bred" ii 
tended to carry the meaning that the horse 
been bred from the bat bland, Bod so, thoro' 
bred, completely bred from best slock, aci 
pliahed, tbo wloli 



Thesi 



a sboa 



of " thoro ngh-b: 
rongb-bred borsi 



Abdol lab is eminently a very splendid animal 
fur alio, action, color, end appearance, he is ever 
way without a superior. 

Youog Gilbert is the very finest horse for a 
Berfc, otTered- 

We hove seen tbcm, thoroughly eiaminod thee 
and con speak in the strongest terms in their b- 
half. We advise all who bare a desire to odvaoi 
their stock, all who wish thorough-bred stock, 
go Io Benic'n, and see these, animals; thi 
characters are fally described in the ndverlis 
meat). Drive to the "Solano Hotel'' and tbepr 
prielor will scod parties direct to the stables. 



Colloglato Institute nt Benlota. 
This admirahlo institution is now most success- 
telly accomplishing ils gicnt object of cdueatini 
;ounj men. We had the pleasure of spending < 
ittle time the present week at this Institute, ani 
o notify tba steady onward march in every de 
mrtment. Several valuable improvements in tbi 
loildings and gruundo, Ihe interior and el 
orior, all tending to the good of those connectci 



then 

0. J. Flatt, Esq., 
irles, En 
idElocnl 

This Instit 



land 



We 



Principal, with M. . 

ed Professor of Sins 
d the other teachers, enobUs th 
io noble progress in tencbio 
i many advantages : it stands 
id lofty positioo ; the buildio 
convenient; the grounds cmbra 
ample g 



U]iJ.:.r 



■ the 


stoden 


s arc healthy, 


huppy, 


s, am 


Ibe coll 


ge io a very flourishing 


whirl 


we arc 










ons to educate 


will do 


ember 


this Ins 


itate. A pare 


tal inQ 


highest kind w 


1 always ba exerted ove 


Mm 


Flatt p 


esidiog wtibti 




wher 




ervision is felt 


and app 


There 


are abo 


I tixty pupih 


ow pre 



Van Felt's Belf-regulatinE M 
.'e have noticed" that many who havcb 
ja Stationary Wind-Mills have now co 
aavo them repaired, or renewed, for 



ic night of April 1G, 1853, no less ttmn t 
s nod two-tcoths fell io twelve hours, 
est rain at any time during the last ten yi 
ic 2Stb of April, 1854, very nearly two in 
n fell. On the Htb end I5ih of April, 1 



and o 



I scarcely credit- 



ivill lie us iil>undant iu C 
ivilil relics nf iIk Sp.ini'l 
Mr. Ely, who Is nor "' ' 



posturogc, requires cattle that c 
this ordeal with impunity. 






i for the California "dry seas 
■t so many farming plans of ns 
ticnl knowledge, of tbo Califon 



half o 






! year, we luid within 
3B of two inches on tho 2d day of 
., there was on inch end a quarter 

':.,!. lv .lr.- winter of 18S0-'S1, there 

■[,,, ;., r \i, 1; in IN5I-T.J, .i L -l 1 !..-<:n 
iii-T.7, i-iglitftn inrheo. In all the 
siuce is:.'), it"-- quantity has heen 
:n lliia dulc (A|,ril :iiij, Hie ivlu.lu 



Wa nntice that 
ho amount of rai 
p to Iho end o 



t!i:l! il. 1-1.11 






thus considerably eiceeding tho ai 

nbnvo in Alameda, and being nearer tho average 

of other years. Wo arc Inclined'lo tbink that Dr. 

Logan's report is nooo too high for San Francisco 

o Slate, nnd that Alameda 

id in the receipt of pluvial 

■nsations. But the liberal oulpouriqga of ' L - 

few days must contribute largely to bring 

in's supply of roiu up io Ibo average, if i 



vcragt of ti 



hey re- 

tbe strong winds of 
enlly, those wooden 

ing off ii 



Now the incccH 
for itself, for tho; 
Unity for all whi 



-BenJcio. 



own high lands that have heen 
i loog become of great vi 



Feabody has recently fenu 

In lift'.-'.T] Ii ■! n- Lr'j-1 ll:r':", rtT 

Tully, using U.jdt, FaU*t 
teoUonofallwhoar 



Wind-Mills,wbichgiv 

goed Wind-Mill can b 

;en of the Wind-: 

30 Bosh street, 



those made by D. Tun 

Regulator. For a n 
Wind-Mill, we refer 



o much trouble — i 
lad. Wo have, hei 
Is, made by D. Ve 






can undergo 
i herds with 

-llli.ll qililliLV 

' T[,.. [l.. v ..l 
... Hitmen. 
:, thusfillii 



Minrcit, Eonoiirio* on T)ic Pacitio Coast 

It is refreshing to notice, from time to time, the 
various clfnrla (bat ore mode Io promote tho ail. 
:emont nf tho liberal professions throughout 
._._ Great Ropubllc. Traverse whnt port yon will, 
whether II be in the frigid Korili i.r n-].....! ^.-,ui|i p 
' " oipanolvo East or flourishing West, job ' 
tfall to bo Impressed with tho verseityor 
<scrtion. Take, Tor instance, tho infant State 
ilifornin, isolated as she is from her elater 
Stntcs by n brond belt of »nler and eipnnslvo 
of land, and until reeffitly her people de- 
i of Ibo facilities of comfortable and safe 
.... D __ition to and frnm her shores— nevertheless, 
the spirit of Am.ri.- ■ ri.ri ■■ h.vt nut becj dor- 
mant In establishing nol only thcclogicnl, literary, 



East— New York or Philadelphia— a ti 
with danger nnd expense. Tills state 
would, no doubt, have enisled up to I 
period, were It not for a handful of ber enterpris- 
ing philanthropic citizens, aided hy tho coonsel of 
some of her best medical men, who, with their on- 
divided energy, ushered io 



,! (iriiv 



lity ot 



i. M.-.lk, 

Gc, Son Frai 



De- 



Tbe facilities for receiving a thorough modioli 
cduealioa in the State of California, 
eqnnl to any other State in the Union ; . 
connection, we cannot but congratulate the 
Trustees of the M-.lk.J FVr.rirtm.-nt University of 
tho Pacific, Inr the selection they have mudn to fill 
tbo various chair i in tin- mi<lk,il iVpurtroent, foi 
Iho names of Cooper, Ron-ell, Barstovv, etc, art 
enough to suiiiiiu the institution with honor to 



scire 






Tbo Oakland Fair. 
Ton Oakland Fnir will commence, ns is reported, 

Jdse 5m. Il 19 nnw only (wo month), and there is 
largo amount of work to do. Every citizen in 
lnmcdfl counly has an interest in this Fair. The 
inre successful tho Fair, Ihe moro prosperous tho 
ounty. Every family can do a little in tbo way 

or household articles; every mechanic can dn 
imcthlng; artists of every el ass can add lo the 
?auty of the Fair, by Ibeir genius and taste; 

ich and all, can now be preparing. It should be 
grand show. 

Bay Dlotriot Agricultural Soclaty. 



I of tbo Sncicly a 
1 invjtcd lo call an 



We copy the nhovc from the Brooklyn Star, N.T n 
■ith much gratification. Nothing wo like better 
han to sec all Institutions of Learning Flourishing 
n our Coast, nnd our best efforts shall always bt 
irected to their cr 

Wo predicted great success to tbo Medical Col- 
ege of this City, at tho very dawn of IU ciiilncc, 



see our most sanguine hopes, wbicb were expe- 
rienced in former days, on rapidly being verlEei I 
Already tbo remotijt juru ai the civiliz.-d wr.iH 



n heads of Millet ai 



fi«c(. It might 
is country, foi 
jcas/ourheadi 

niblo for slock 



i looked 
Wen 



9 fntn 






wila 

htippj to 



on Wednesday last. Nearijlj 
ilrong gale from the soulb, oil I 

was ocoorapunied hy a hesij F 
the streets woro flooded, ui\ 



ns]. 



ituWuiit. [See advortisei 



esled I 



tbo fine gardens of Ctqitaln 
ingi, and D. N. Hastings, Esq., nf Btnfein, u 
also fine plans ond designs fnr loose at the Coll 
ginlc Inslltotc, and St. Catherine's Aeademy, a 

few ytm fine vineyards and orchards will 
found fionrinhing high up on what now seems 1 
waste and barren hills of Bcnicia. 



"Well, well, wife, I did not think of 
ind will send the money lo-day." 
io above in the Burn! Fanner, Maine, 
e pnint, and if all wives would talk 
so USB their influence in selecting the 
placed before them and their children, 

menlable fact that the remissness nl 
ribers tn newspapers, arises from the 
ling staled above. Tho bosband didn't 
it. No; he only remembered Ibo sum 



irth is fit to plan 



Goon Pntcn poa a Lauq.— Wo take tho follow- 
ing from tho Middlebnry (Vt.) Register, of Feb. 23 : 
"Wo learn that Mr Henry Hammond of thi; 

old, for six hundred dollars. Mr.' Samuel McFur- 
hind, of Washington counly, Pa., was the pur- 



This 






rife in the land would m 



of as good a list of subscriber! 



Summer Fallow. 
.Tfoiryaur I,yh ground noul Tbo copious rains 
that have fallen will have so completely saturated 
the high dry lands npon our mountain sides, that 
even to their very topi they are now in a condltinn 
to plow. Now is the time for farmers to plow 
their high ground that Is not In ate, aud leave it 
[njaltca for annlber year. There has never been 
«. year wben this wnrk could have been so soccess- 
fnllj done. 

It is now on odmilted fact, that our bill-lop S 
produce fine grains; and vineyards are being 
■planted lo a large eilent Ibo present yenr; 
are being pi aoled lo agreat client apon high 
and it is lo be hoped that every farmer w; 
prove Ihe - 



JUmnr fallow. 
fenced in and 

ards and garden 



We found I 



s of land 



a. Or tbl. wo spea 
Implements advertised by 
Fan urn,, whero harvest in 

of workmanship, because 
.est machines. Our 



FucTOBY or T. Qoo S 
inners to go an 
j put together. , 



inded ihe 



This lamb, from Ibo following facts, i 
< bo Spanish Merino. From Ibis jouri 
io doings of tbo Addison County Soc 



July Spaniih Merino sheep 



snn Dehasii f 
pidly increosi 



. FunKiTunn.— Wo r- 



a proof that o 
•s. Clark i Co. 



irniture sold hj 
r population 
Inrgo tvn 



on its first trip ncross the continot 
t tbo Alta Telegraph Office, in Ml* 
t, a little short of four o'clock, for tit , 
t, amid the cheers of the crowd u- 
ri.-h it ginl-^pecd. The boat arriiri 
:ont two o'clock a. «., and tho El prat I 
tcly started for I'lncervillc, whsmi 
i a. h., unci immcdialel; proceedtJo 
Ibo Sierras. It made good time us , 
n, and will doubtless reach Wuaa 



>t Earth. Lilt 



t flowers, « 
leoraodliim 
ly remefflhrlK 



Mas. Norchoss' EsUitili slim cut on SacmneO 

is a Family Store, having all the red arU* 
wnntcd fnr a family — a Utilitarian Store— bene 
a largo slock of necessary, nseful, bcantilnL J! 
fashionable, articles fnr those who hove theme* 
Ono grand deadtratvm is: Tho Sloro il *W| 
underlho care and attention of a Lady, « "' 



Ui)«i 



:: l.l.i, ,r 



I, l.lit.. -:'p: 



lOdll* 



iriio offered. Heretofore i 
be Imported from tho Allan 
now it can bo made here 



Tnosc who have entire 
ilock-gettcn, eh on Id loso m 
Ihem known, as oil persons 



causing moro or less dan 
Ibo crops throughout I 
flattering. 

Yobehite. — Tho preso 
great Interest for the 1 
creasing Interest felt al 
valley will bring many . 



vay in which 
lory Ihcy can 



io present, including 
, seems to bo unpre- 
i at lo I nog contlnu- 
td. Well.lt 
if they don't 

likely lo be flooded, 
The p'ospeoto for 
tato aro nnw very 



spot, at short nolici 






t seasnn.will be one L 
tscmili Volley. Tho In- 
toed for this wonderful 
-rangers from a distance, 
Natore. 



. We can refer Lo >o artist— 
silversmith, on Washington 
r making splendid worlj, nnt 
tcuto orders for all Iho socictici 
leral terms, nod wo hope ever 
him, as ba is a California artist 
encouragement. Call and sc 
ns, and all will bo satisfied. 



Braa.™ Fountains. — W. H. Hoi 
under, has cast nad completed si 
mutual pattsms or waur-foun 
.or been designed. Mr. Monro b 
ipense in gelling up designs, ba 

I surpass all former designs, whl- 
nd what Is also of great Imparta 

II the beautiful patterns at pricei 
aan Nea York prim. Mr. Moo 

ndsnme fe 



of the 






o, Stockton, ond San Joat 
nense warehouse in Ihi3 city. Thcli 

-s prepared lo answsr orders or the 
cler. Tliey manufaotnre Iho very 

liberal terms. Their trado linearly 
.0 trado else in California la furui- 



To Wrss-DEAitBS..— Wlno 



bant sire 


1, s 




is 


ed by the 


m. Messrs 






ow well 








venionccj 


for 


loruge, w 


ih 


a large el 








ons. Tb 








no doubted ref 


renccs t 




tbey do lb 


eir bu sines 


iroraplly 


ud 










commit b 


sine 


is to them 












1.-FALI.OW.— W. 



with 

atuflxweh' 

known practical f.irmir, .mil inrr'.apondent of the 
FAnsiEn, I. D. Morley, Esq., of Ln Grange, Slani s . 
taw county, for sound vlows.on this all important 
subject. Mr. Morley has long been known nn 
practical man, acting out his ibenries and taslinr) 
them most thoroughly; nod we know his letters 

tid:iyaccoptd?udT tt UB n ^eUee: nBSC8l ' ODBnS 



Paeific Tin-W 


usfl.-F.iu, 


lea Iho 


stoves, tin-ware 


Japan- va 


i, am 


goods of thin kin 


, will Gud 


forth 



n promptly, and show them *J 



n Hejh-ebh.— Persons Inoking for Bt»r*rJ 
rs should lake a look at all kinds. **( 
i, Burroll At Co., on Wusbinetnn, >***>* 
a special call: llwr W, „ hit,e lot t*£ 



no— Tho ColumWs 1*( 



««*x i D1AH OAK DO Tho Uolumui- [■ 

■ays: Every citizen of Ihiu place kuoM *! 
Grave,, who recently left this city for lheP"Jl 
or locating a ranch outsido of Iho inloM- J 



..:..). in i; 




ilK. i,..,i,| 


II- r|.,.: 


pea 


- \l»-*.;U 


lis pl.li; 
i.ippv ,. 
ancos fr 


"G 


.11) :\ lu. 

Old Tuolu 



hickorr withlnC**!! 
ntccn Veorsof***', 

rain; planted ***£ 
alargenumher^ 



THE OALIFOENIA F ABMEB,. 



STATE SOMMAHY. 



' Td genuine Sugar-Maplo ti eaid to hare b"o dls- 
ecrcred l.j llio sons of Col T. J. Henlry, In rlound 
Valley, Mindnclno roomy, from wbich tbry biTOBiio- 
nfaetured u lint-cloaj article of fngnr. 

, At San low, pi 7 » 



. Ibo Keporler of Tuesday, <*"• ™- 
i iwollen tbo creeks, and inundated 
tho lower InnJi amund and abouL Tbe rondi, too, wen 
rendered impassible. We tiro haid, Ibiu far, of no 



TniT corse of tbo SWf, it- Ilnlkhoad Bill, ti abool 

tils Lep'lsturo. Tbo fact of any country member 
»01lBB for Ik 1> juit ground for t!lB supposition of 
bribery, f .. rajs Ibo VUalia Delta. 

Tnui.ii |ii [now supplied with Lime, made (bunt 
alcttcon miles dislanL Tbe Delia raja, Ibo lima u of 
food qoillly for buiMiog purposes. Bad from a lest re- 
nally made. i< for superior to ibo Stockton lime for 
plntti.Jir.l-li. Tbo diseoicry of Ibis lime-rock so near 

Tnr. I.ii.i-.. 1 |.r ■-,. .!. I l,v r. II. H n.r.l, i: ,|., nr a [„-inl 

■bare tbo Sao Lenndro crock maker iU egnH from Ho 

Ibo Herald, bu Uco completed, nod. Ibo water lamed 
thmogh it. "hlrh I* thai eonteyci upon the valley, 
.laudn dr -itD.il to be benefited. Tbe cnterpriro bu 



Col. Fremont, 11 Ibo Jmopbloo and Pine Tr« vclni 
TM-. -lib otbrr di-thbulten .or Ibo Colonel, make 
rnnnoy moderately plenty in Iho Villa; 
" Gkcllon, proprietor of tbe Sotnmil 



Hcidow Ranch 
hu tbli year eared iceem! thousand poondt of tb, 
finest bacon tad hiioj. Tbo bogi w 
ill respects tbo best 



fed, ud 
ilmed in tbi.- 



THE WHOLE STATE!! 

THOROUQH-BRED 
STALLIONS! 



ApriL Tbo race trill positircly take plico rft that lira,', 
our tbo Twelro Milo UoBfo, on tbo lower Stoekten 

tidpite In Ibo e.emse*. Prises nro lo bo o* follow.. 1 
For ursl-olasi dogs, 1.1 price, on o uddU horn, $111' 

-.1 |.TlT..-. ,„..,- «,.,„, h -a.|.]l-.-, ='-'>: :i'l 1'rii... <■"!■ -il..r 
d..i;-c— 11-it. ;"->. I'.-r ■•«-,- nd-tl....'.!. ■;■■: >•' 1-r •'■•.; .■"• 

5;. Id T.JI.-11, SIC"; 1M pri:-. l"-iie .' htir..: nl.i|. 
■::.-. .id (.rito. not ret selected. Tbe ci,ir..r.c,-i.v r.it 

Gr . t.rl-j... ,I"C i> la bo die dollin; Tut ■> - .ri.l. ] v, 
.(...-. iI.kc .l.:ll«, ; ■ nrri. ■ 1-j b-j mad- „n <. f I- f..r» lb. 



Ai Stockton, tbo imoDBl of rain, from Mortb 27 to 
April 3, u Indlcilcd by Ibo gingo »t Ibo loiini 
A'jlom, wu Ibroo lochia ud Iwo-hnBdndlbi. Tbi 
Eopoblic.o M/l, ibo fc»r> or in overflow, which el 
L'lcd In tbe i w!r put of ll 



1 ebuniLmt 



voJUt hi 



7 fkit 






In Alomedrj, ujt the Herald of Wedocsdoj, toon 
tbo time, fur tbo put tea dij-., biro we beta f bid 
withihowcrt!, until lb i pTOnari ii noir tboronghly iilom- 
ttd,tbc>tr»IU> ore well op, ud oil revelation fairlj leap! 

jlar. arc prc'lJOK al,iaj; fiotly with Ibo job. A cut of 
1 DO feet In wi.Uli ii i:..ui|.|..r"l, and IbcJ aro now co- 
E op;ed uik.u tbo additional 100 fetl ittpulolcd ia tbo 



Trra |>cciplu of Dl£ Oak Flat, uji Ibt 
work,; 






the long-looked Water flow through tbo Golden rto 
Water Companj'o dlteb. It hu allut reBchod lUdi 
linitlon, to Ibo groat joj- and deUght of all, mala and 
female, jroODf; and old, rich (if there uro aoj IBeb 

lawrcrr, patEenii and eLLeols. bote! and uloon-koei 
Bparts and iuaferf. Celestials and Elbiopiim. 
water urieed at Dig Oak Flit on TnondaJ week. 



LtConti 


i Co.ta c.iun 


j, UnOaHtl 


of IhoSlslMaj 


■ajit Com 




hu lalleo d 


riug the lul two 


week, pu 








Taocod ro| 


etaUon rapldlj. The hills 


and, valley, u* 








id (took begin t. 


"pick op" 






The late rolB: 


comiDffcr 

Li'r; l,'..f 
OBT^CU 


..'"iC'ril 
■):. Ii..t..v, 


d the question 
can bo no d 

lend to dep 


Ib rtjtard to tb. 
hi the ipirili o 


Tilt Mo 


unt. in Mot; 


ogcr. La Porto, iijr, Ihero ii • 


bright MU 


boj Lb Ihli 




en first heard to 






ch candor lb. 


I hli month -i 


dtUod, u 


d would re 


oalB dirty tu 


III il rcctlred i 




ipllalioB oi 




it. Through the 


iBBoueo of older and leu thou E btTu 
Ire-iuentlj- delight lo leoiing an lot, 

puhle doic Pilj inch boje will on 


persona, who too 
ruling child, bl 

Ibe usual bjdro 


In Oi 
tbo ytoii 


H.lL,....!'! 


.1 Bit, breaking Ibo leg of ibo 



drlror, Mr. Jacob W. Brlnke 

pooed a sUort dlrluncs eoalb or White rii 

crossing u slough. Mr. B. wu drirLop; Yery cBrefally, 

ud had brought bis bona almost to a halt, w 

■Ilia upset nit reel became entangled in lb. 

ud one eu caught unJw Inn stage, breaking! 

snkll Tiii,' L- tlir Itiil.] ,in,-r„r |,,.. i',.., -l.-.r.'l r-l.-.- 
■bo hare bad tcgr bro.cn, Ivtween the le-n and K.ro 
rim. None of tbo prsaacngcra bars instained uy 






„>ln>L m 



not sing, need nt.i try to 



S A H. VE S T--1860. 

J. D. ARTHUR & SON, 

THE VERT BEST ASSORTMENT OF 

Agricultural Implements 

IK THIS CITY. 

200 Of tbe Celebrated 

K E A. 3? E K S 

COMBINED MACHINES, 

Mad* by WARDER A CHILD, of 5nrine.ccld.Ohi>. 

,i-, ..!■.■ f.,r Ihi- «,>*'■-. "»b ill it.- mpwest. f.t 
.■■. "i,... ■; 1 ,-i..r.L:,, lT ,t... ^.u„,. ,.|.,|-.d... -V 

. . ■'.'■■ ' ;':"' ■.-... 'V "■■:./ ;. ■'. .,;. ..... 



P I TT'S THRASHERS, 

Made with Bilraeiio, with Imrrovcmonts, oi|,io 

HILL'S THRASH ERS, 



Horse-Powers, Extra Castings forTh rashers, 

With > tergo and fall assoilmenl or 
ALL EIcTDS OF AORICDLTCRAL IMPLHMEST5, 

J. TJ>. A.RTS=ITJTi *: BOIST, 



ABDALLAH, 

The onl? THOTTIHG H0B8E that ever 
took a Premium in this State as a 

THOnOTJOHC-SHHD. 

WHICH HE IS, AND NO UISrAKB. 

ABDALLAH wu nliod oy Cbillu Holla, of Or»og» 

uBly. S. Y-i sold and wenl to Now Jorsoy, wberobs 

.1 al two sBccorslva Fairs In that Slato, oror all com- 
illton from that aodotbor Slate;. ABDALLAHslandi 
iloon hoodj and B-balf blib, mahoiuy bay, block 
aoeandUil.ollin head well set on, bonuiiful neck, 
.j..i.,: ihoBldora, woll ribbod np and Tory heaslly 



FURNITURE 

AND 

BED DI jST G-! 




Tbi tj. S 


u 


! I,.-- ■ 


ot the son 


■nnr 




r,- 










cstho 


bllow 






Dillon, iu order 




ban 






its male 




lo 




hoi 


mo wb 














lands I 


bieb thoy 












[.alrnl" i-T|. 










this offie 


lor 




Ian In 


Iba 








rrcoder 


1 Ib 




fir's 


flrtii 


































So toon u t 




)l it 










































1 


010 10 lb 




e*. 




ft* 




TotiPrei 


bl. State 


■ av, 


tha M 


fUr, 


(0 a (Teat o 


tea 


orotoo 


owar 


Hytoi 


«k at 


bin 


liter 



JONAS G. CLARE & CO, 

IUPORTEHS AND MANUFACTURERS 
OF 

FURNITUKE 

BEDDING, 

AMD 
!9W JC aaTat SCK. «KJ> mm. fcS . 
128 ITashlntTton street, 
SAN FRANCISCO. 

WE HAVE SOW IN 8T0RB 

The Largest Stock of PTJENITtrRE Ever 
Offered on the Facioc Coaat, 

Which wo wUl sell 

AT LESS PRICE.S 

THAN IT COSTS OTHERS TO IMPORT. 



JOIGES ti. CLARK &. CO. 

> Wublogloa ■treat, Sao Francisco; 19 and 61 Foot 

Mtuon Main ud Lam, Sloekton : First ilient, E. 



»■■[.. I o: 



ilntai in 



iBot. They are BTtai. 



st sqoaraly Id Ibe f 



knew 

4 Ibo trolb, for fear of nnpoprJarily, ud ter ft 
llhsy can't got the mining vote. They, therefoic, 
iw one-thinl of Ibo commnnlly lo support the eoonly, 
"I™."-', ^} ht ""' s u " ,u " oJ J" 111 ™ lD «" lr . 
rlaim, it ought lo be el". 
. lO.OCilLtorob! V,rLI>, 
d despoiled by the stranger, 



• opted. Rlol 

^5 b "e!:V. ,n .' :, 'r b; 'T^ ^■■"^ 



SLi 



..-|,1> i. 



Fnon Ibo Mariposa Qaietla of th 3d instant, wi 
take tbe f.illowiug^ Di.trir.1 Agrleultenl SocteUc. in 
roralng Id different parts of the Suit Tbo t«kij a 
Bacraoeoto bad belur soil their building for a Caplte! 
u the Institution hu boon olrmuiged bto a boiullfu 
position, so tar u iU own poeoniary affair, an con 
"rood, and, what Is wor«, .o far u n Un faW , 

fMDloa ,-,_. ,„.„dj ii CoL Fremont arri.ed in 

P*ar\,l lrT . „..,„lv. ft™ .^, I'ranei™, .IU, 
largo number of tSO-pleces, which afonsall coir 
«.!■[-■ : -l I. .l-oi as n-ar the rool of Ul erll „ „,. 
[bing In .,»„„ cimilalion. They lookaogoodio tto 
— ' t taprtasion. Lot 










;: In i 



a porfeot ptolaru or m 



i of any kind, ud high c 



PEDIGREE. 

ADDAtLMI wu ill jenni old on tbi 29th or Marsh, 
iH-it; ,. ■!■!,. tl.7 llimMeioniiB, be by Abdillab. bo 

.y,.!.|M.-o 1 l..-i.,-.b.-brl D ,.,ii-.IM. ■:::■: " -:,l :■■ 
.1 .■■:■. ,. rbr i.'IliH-. kto! [Ji.nc bv I ill t ■rl'd 

<in ■■-,!. t , : ™i.l dam old Ono Eje, brold llatnhle- 
:,., i.,.,. I,.. I,|- luif-.n-d M.-:cn;er. hi- ilain also b. Im- 
, r!"l ^.'- rtucr. ic.l <h- .Ilia ■■'. .■! 1 "n- EjO bj Iro- 
I „!.■[ M,-i o.-.r (lif dim ol Bryant's Ab-iallah wu 
■ r. -I l-v C ... j -. r L- IK ■l-...- , ; .iii. l -r„r,..ld..iiil.v~i.- ll.i.->, 
... -..|..i„-,r-l r..-. 1,-rc lb*! ion wild Eclii.-e Tin' 
I,,.,,-,..! .11 .M l.ll.iir- ,-,tL-.-liv i.. [.uro; hoisul « 
ting stock, and no obaaca horso. 

Wllllao H Rysillek. of tbo town of Chester, Oranga 

■ umy. ft ,1... -1 No- Voit. being Drst dulv ■'■.rr,. »l. 
Ihil the abnre i*.li,-rtr i.- iru.j I" 111" be-i . r l,i< 1:.,....!- 
edgo ud bolltf. WU. hi RV JOICK. 



S!>0 Per Season. Terms Cash. 
E. D. L. BRYANT, Proprielo 



COAL-OIL LAMPS ! 

1,200 DOZEN 
COAL-OIL LAMPS! 

Deitz's Unrivaled Burner; 

THE 

Most aimple, Convenient, and Economical 
Lamp in me, 

JTJST RECEIVED, 

EM1LT PAENUM, 8UMATEA, NOON- 
DAY, PANTHER, NAPIER, 
AND BZ EXPRESS. 

CHANDELIERS, 
For CHURCHES and PUBLIC HALLS, 

(TO, Tlirei. Four, and Sli i.i K iii» Bach. 

LANTERNS, 

('OK QUARTZ-MILLS, SAW-1IILLS, WHARVES, 
STABLES, HOTELS, An., Ao. 

HAND LAMPS, 

PARLOR LAMPS, 

SUSPENSION LAMPS, 
SIDE LAMPS, 

KITCHEN LAMPS, 

BILLIARD LAMPS. 

PRICES LO"WEE 

Tlinn Ever 33of<z>i-o. 

FOR SALE IN LOTS 

TO SUIT THE TRADE. 

Corner Front atiJ California Hirccf h. 

HBTAH STORKS: 
;orncr BtonlgclrsciT and Calltortlla Blrctls, 



T O U X G 

Gr I L IB E R TI 




AGE AND DESCRIPTION. 

I0DNO QILBEBT Ii six yean old, of a deap chest- 
nut to ml. Hands foil sixteen hands high, and jwiini 
a combination of Bnaoty. Dune ud Muscle noliorpassed 
by any bono in Ibo Blato. Injpecllon will satisfy any 
io.l k -t of hone-lieih of tbo groat superiority of TODKO 
OILDBHT. To all others it ilenoash tony that 
lie look tht Firit Premium at the /oil Stale Fair, 

idboaotyl, 



tbelr foils, and b 



o oomblno nsefulneis at 
arulnnf a snra gat, w 
igTOUNQ 01LDEET. 



■ offdj 



PEDIGREE. 

VfirXO liiLBERT wis sired by Portor'tOUbtrLaod 
bl^o n f^ C ^kln m dVu^i?n£ < li l n b 7.'^ Th. 11 i.in^'Tt'' "'" ' " 
Tbidamof VOUKQ G[LDERT Is a J|. ,r. ■'■?,' \!\."' : 

825 FOR THE SEASON. 

TBHMS aA.SH. 

BRYANT A WEINILANN, ProprioWrt, 

BcnicLs, Solano County. 



SAN FRANCISCO BAT DISTRICT 
AGRICULTU RAL SOCIETY. 



Iboyar 



angaMo i 



r. poclet, il 



>o dit.ed:. 



«ontnoy wu piid tb, buda cmplojci in tbo mlnn of 



D I C K E R S O N'S 

PATENT SELF-RECULATINC 
~VST HVTDMILL. 

Thbt Mill took tbo First Premium at tbo Stele Arrl- 

II I I II I eonl,,.llr.l 

I., . ■ i.rnl,,;;.,! f.,r-c, Ibr onlj t,...,, r , ,..||.,, c „|., llr .,. 



WILSON FLINT, 
Owner of the Right forSanFraneueo, Sin Hale , Ma, in 
touima, Ka t a, Centra Costa, and Alameda (J gntlu! 

Pricea of Millj, 12 foot wheel, - - - $125 

ii ...^ _, " • ■■ - lfiO 

Mm BcanogtoruD mstbioirj, EQU 



PERSOh'S INTEItKSTED IN RAISING BTOOK OF 
Good Dlood, 

Size, 

Sljle, 

and Bpeed, 

Aiclniltedto eallud ajamlaafor Ibemiolres at 

STONE'S RANCH, 
Two Miles East of Benicia, 

ON THE S0I3DN ROAD, 
A B D ALL A 3ta: 

YOUNC GILBERT 

WILL STAND FOR THE SEASON 

Commencing 1st of March, and ending 
1st or August 

K7" Particular alteollon niid to Brood Mates AaaA 
Stables. 100 acre. Good PiiTorago, Food," oTat ituM 

thfown*" * MiJ,BU ' U " fl *' ai ••e»P»t, at lb, risk of 



Oil and Camphene Works 
HAVE REMOVED 

TO TUB SPACIOUS STORE AT TIIB CORNER 

OF CALIFORNIA AND FRONT STREETS, 

Wherotboy offer for sate 

Tbe Host Extensive Assortment of 
Eurniiis Materials, 
AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES. 

STANFORD 
Oil and Catopb. 



Corn, 



id Callfon 



SPERM OIL. 

2.U00B ALLONS WINTER SPERM OIL, 



LARD OIL. 



STANFORD nROTDERS, 
no OH and Camphioo Wotk* 
Coroor of Front and California (IrotU 



POLAR OIL. 

ALLONS POI 
' Tha bait 

Hi 1 """" 1 .„., 

IX ALLONS POLAR OIL, from tha Sonthera coast, 
.barrels and cajca,al FIFTlflCENTS PER GALLON, 

STANFORD II ROT HERS, 
PaelBo Oil and Cimphono Wntks, 

Cornor of Front ud California ilnoll. 



COAL OIL. 

10 000 ° f ALL0 , Na A DSTEN'8 CRLEDRATBD 

B.00O GALLONS BOSTON COAL OIL, ud othi 
brands, at 81 25 PER 11ALL0N. 
Foriala by 

STANFORD BROTHERS, 
Pacific Oil and Campbena Wotki, 

Comer of Front nod Callfomln slroote. 



CAMPHENE. 

Hariog mtlll with a oapully or mora than 

2,000 Gallons Every Twenty-Four Hours, 

Wo eu soil 

Csmpheneor a Better Quality. 

LOWER PRICES 

Thau uy other aatibllihtnaat on the Pacific CouL 

" Larse Sales and BmeU FroOta' 

Will ha the rote of car hon». 

STAN FORD duiii ill; lis, 
Pacific Oil and Camphana Worka, 
i Come i of Frost and California itrottl. 




61 

Important to Stock Raisers 1 

GREAT SALE S 

THOROUGH-BRED CATTLE: 

■» i«str fits. 

TIIIItSDiV, April lOtb, 1S00, 

AT FISIJ'S STABLE," 

TZUE BXBVBBT, 

SALE OF D EVO N CATTLE. 

Twelve Devon Bulls, Cows, and Calves, 

THOHOTTQEI-BIlEr). 
Imported and EnUfiiibvCHABXES A. ELY, 

Esq., Lorain County, Ohio, 
i lie: FlrNt Sale In California 

OF 

PUKE DEVON CATTLE! 

I at*k,*io*°bo C fo°io*l^ , "J''- , V(HJit K\ll\V()Nrf 

-rbe.0 Iraponcd diiectli fn.ra Kml.i.J, t.j Cileries 
&q., or railed by him from tho.p lost were Imported 

01,1.., '.Co loiin. !.•<-• i|-ii." F Ki r ...-ir.^ cs-, r-i r [..rioljr ulspl*- 
|. r|..;i.-.. ],] tii^ rul'ln. ./I In. ■■] ,-:r,.f n, ,,li jii^y rat assured 

BULLS. 
DDKE OF OEVON-C.lv,. I April Hi, If (9 Dml bj Vr, 

?B5i%/ f a°c! 1 "sp»r. D 'o[ ) i:v!' 1 !:!'i' , i 1 i'! , ili;''<', l ,'!,-'i"' l 'iv!'.'!: 

Ou-ncdby Mr. C. A. t!-,-, Kicyi,, l.„r.„i., r,.j:,ij, Obla Ills 

..•.. I.-.I: l:,f [in;, i: :l- ,:..■.! .',,;, I: ...'m, I Mi.,-., I-.'.I ,,, 
Wtedeor, Enjjlud, 1:. !-. I !■.■:, I, ■ ! n, . 'I: !..,,> MJHK 

Ii .11 ,-,.':. , >''„i,''i, ! \'.'.-?.. )j: "[ill..." iiy. In 1S57!" "" 

l.':ililllS7-lM..I J..',- ..-:,. l-r- llrot Ijj Mr. C. A. 

Hichican. G. dun Ledyiclc)-, jr. £. dim Ccton (CJSj [ ilia 

eaunly. K. Y. Gr. lire, unpirlod Uij Osy'lll'): d.m, l"m- 

nrl-l Hi.li ,r.,l .:-:i.., .■. J.m and C l, JJ. d.m bred by sir. 
,n Ifalsry, of Uollind, Dtnonsblro. 
COTWS ^i-lNriD KCETFEBS. 

JENrlV LlND— C-,li-'d M», IrIT Hi., I I, t. V, Smlib, t | 
Branch coonlj, Hi tin .■:.., Hirr lv..!!-,-,- : .-. „.r. U:l,tjlc 
(170); dsm.tleauiy 1301), bred by sir. b'beidon, Wjomlni; 

il'.i'.li.AlK-CslrcdAprn, 

oF£* ' 

"cIlP LOUI- I.edFcbrosrylelb, IMOi sire, iVyia- 

,. if..-; lrJuiMr.CA.Klyi 

.Irir,, Yi-r. ,|.. I.-, !,.■,.. ',. , ,7. i . ,■ .1 „., H,., '1. ,;. ,1. , ... 

i.'Villilil.'.L .■; — M., I u. -.'.:-,, JV:.i. 1 ,,.i ,.., .■!,'. (•, 
'■ l.lv : •'■■■■■■. I' ■! . .! 1:, I. I. ,:■:■! ... , ,],:„ 

DiTi..(«:l:M, t lV,i„Ulr. ""* * ' 

LAflf Inr-Cil.od April l[b. 1K3; bred by C, A. Ely; 
dim. Lady 11, nhien r.-.t lhp r n.-.- ..; n,, ,, ,r, ..'.j ,■.[ ir.o 
OrcalNaBDM! Fair, LouliTrtle, Ky„ tell ; c. dim, LadySi; 

IDA 5ni_C«iredAprill0ih,lfi.t:l,r"lbyC.A.EIr;dlni, 

I I , -I. I j D^i.. ol Oeson; g. J.ru, Ida; er.r.il^iu, VlcioUji 

JUjstr.i-CH'.I n :h-. f:,i.-.. An..,.! z&.h, IPJiS- dsm, 
JcnutLlud; g. dun, flenitj (ill); .!;.■. Il^ljo „l Doron. 

TbolirscpriipurLi n.i 1: ., J II, [r,,,, In tbi. sale, gl.ea 

"■j- 1 ■'■ ■'■-}■■•' "1 '■ perpMij-.llri,. il„- l.r.. jlniti ponly. 

oor.el.es, or C. A. Ely, Esq., u our office, Hl'lYssblnjion 

6-td ■ AUCTIOSVEERa 

BANKERS, ETC. 

MAHK BRUMAGIM & CO., 
mMjm^miMmjms;mmmB 9 

So. 100 Montgomery II reel, 
BAH rtUKOMOO caXIPOHSIA, 

Sight Bills 

Bajik of Commerce, Bos.ton. 

SIGHT AND TIME BILLS 

American Exchange Bank, New Torlr, 

Arailabli in tha Principal Cilloi of tbo Union and 
tha Canada*. 

One-haLfpirc.nl per MonlhInter.il Allowed on oai 
Certificate, of Deposit, psjable itflto dljs' noUea 

'■OULTC by drgpllln^ to our crrjll with tbr Amrricn E»- 

PIOCHE & BAYERQUE, 
AGENTS AND BANKERS, 

UOKTQOIIERT STltElTP, COBNER OP JACE80H, 

SAN FRANCISCO. 

DRAW OH 

BOHTICIlAIUsT & qbhiiard, 

DItAFTd OH NEW YOR!L 

L. O. OPPBRIIAnTnT, 

PAIIIB. 

P^aVo^ ,h the P | E "' c, ^TA!;v c,T, " ° p - 

SmTZEBLAMD. SPAIN. ' 

OKIUIANV, Eio.Etc. 

INT O TI O B . 

DtVEb'TMEHT OF Q 61 ALL 0APITAL8, BATIHaB, Ete. 

l.'t "i: 'ir'.'.I-!-- '"'., ;i .", ", i .J...-.'.i-..i.rtii,H4i^ 

^J^lltle. otall propcrttes otlcrcd, to bo ianaf«lnry 10 ptnr- 
«»» undentened wUl .1,0 aaU, In tamo manner. Share* ol 

■'i|-:.j . f-in: ..-.,: -■.■....] Iji.rii.p ti„n,I», Hoods ol ih* 

, Blauj nl I'U.L.rni. U to J.. ,„,! | u.i- dllfcri-o! CnomleVni 

Slate. Also, Frcneb, Eo[IUb,uid olbcr turopean teco- 

W™^T t bo b r.^ n ''T^ll '°™»* J «»™ | h<ir™pe«ti„ 

liomlrcd fcollirspjd, u oloe per coir L'™™ "°' y °" 

Comer of fi^sfd Saclaon st^ta 



JHeEe OAilJPOBKI AJFA BMEB. 




A child'. mUe-nolliini 

Qllii*, and loft, »"l iTM- ■ , 

i think, s»r ■ h ,, -^'°"?' .. M h0 _ 

Ti.v .L.I-lln-.-l" r,'....i..i 
]- [ ; io , rJ rL.tLilJMr(i.. ! l!ii:n:hi!ilroi] 



ro half afraid, 



And be nill help bi 
HU bnrden, a. hij 
Bo may bo hub to 
That happy cbild.j 



I do .1 link nutdfill vh..[.|.ii 
jr withmj- old frit ml Mr: 
m-.-ouat V the distance J 






Oa nrrlTing Bt Clara's door, I 
prised 10 sio do light io the 
bouse. "1 am afraid the? 



"Oycs, a tliomand liiurs. [think; I'm ' "■"''■> 
not effbcl nnj change. I trust you will be mo 

, W l i B i. w «^-«iar J «iK.Dki» 

'" >r ii" vi'',V'ri>."i t 'i!L ,'v..V Ibc matter,! arranged r, 
.,].,„ of n|.™ti..ns. 1 deciuVJ iL.lI 11 ivuuM 
Ih-iut to try Hit effect of nu n[j['."ii"- pi-urn' ' 

■imhjir.^r-Vfor I lull k,r,iv i hut i< '."":■< h_"ui- 



v.- ir.i ■■. the pretty b 



ring at the door-bell, o 

ling-roora, lighted thej 
a mistress. I bad ami 



s, ns« i relative u 1 am. Prej do not make mj 
fries Jk c.ll inr„ n n. reroi.nio.j. vi.-it, or I shall hi 
tempt-id to run a-roy again in nlace of ™iiir,|>iil 
after tea, and begging Mr. Wblllbrd's cscor 



' tweou the bar. ui 

to dlitorb any of your nrrangcini-nt;, 
you rorthreitb." 

"TbtO, if so, aunt, you will have to 
'taking joq into the Duraery." 

"Anywhere lo a warm Breiidc, 01am 

"No, nnnl; be is here," replied rn] 
oolor rising as she epoke. 

1 UuKuiogly congratulated boron lu 
liking for the company of hie first-hoi- 



night; nnd Frederick is no" to"™"] pl^" t ""boot 

rwrol tame ju.t been dunned nnd put In'orim' 
Iiu: ,]., not jay a. word," she added, u she opened 

My nephew advanced, shoot roc warmly by the 
hand, and then toming to Clara, iM-. '■! hope 
mj dear, you do nut intend to ion to your oont n 

nur-iTj tut-l IT van Jo. I ih.,11 mil ■,.,,,,.1,'r :, 



ill others, she ninny) 1 1 1- 1 ■ ..-. 
is of L-oureo ready Tor noy vi 

io guest beside ourtelirl, aur.l 



Cattlue Hobble's Hair, 
tbit linle household flower of oi 



lell, from the pntiluilion 'df 
"»"" articles out in cum 
and tbc evenio 



EritveJ Jt Mr. Wliitfo'rd's' ill-runceiil.'.]' i ,'i .uim','" 
col ■1--]>I .vi.J luwurJii roe, hut hi-- wire. ' 

'■"n; ., ' i-..:.' ' .. ....'-. '" .'-'" !'. I|.,! ":. " : ','.". 

effsetcd there. A bri,l,t firi . ill ,„„,„,[, -I .,,.,,- 



us I bad hoped M first 
b tbo position of the 
modi aspect of affaira 



and eyes. Ves; they „,„.„„„ cm; Dn i it 
such a pllyl LitHo cur | B that ffe have 



,ufter your painted wngoo 
n Iiu in Your rosc-curlairicd crib, and hear mi 
n of Ilia" baby whoso cradle was the tree-top 
1 whose nurse was the wind. Von will no 
ir your corals, because granupa says Ihey an 



i.it„V„'|,i., 






VllVxTn iiki: tlLKlil!" I'rt 






: ^..Red-Riding: 
Hood, and will lose fnith in Saula Clans. 
-I cannot keep tbo bud in its sheath; I conno 

■ h.v (lu: lint- l...rk Unit : .|i|ij ;o rii[ii-lly 'tcivn ll) 
hurrying slrcnni of life. Suou, the rill wil 

funny jliif.s "ill 1... |..,..«.'d. And I tin gold of thesi 



ihcad. I will put them ,iv.-..y 
ther days, of bis sweet, lost 



HBB. H2ZTE WILEY WAEREN, M. TJ., 



■i-iii- .ij.j.|i.,L,^e; ,,ru iurnL-bn.lIiirr.-^uljliDgthonidlh 

fflACHINE WARRANTED 

Thread, Silk, etc.. Constantly on Hand. 

H. C. HAYDEN, Agent. 



MRS. ANNIE L. AVERY, 
HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN, 

Bosiuenee, 249 PnclBo Street (two dw.ro IrnS Bioclitoi 

Ban fhancisco. 



Galvanic Batteries and Medical Works. 

HUB. LIZZIE W1LBI WAaREN, «. D., hu rcedll 



,lTuy!d GAL1FO:l \ N r.«^,, :FA:RMER 



_"'■■"■■ iir '' 'I'" :■:>■■■••■■.. i[.,i,i„ L . .,",";, ,,, r .. p. iut,;: 1 ii' r :-i"! : . ! .i.,';:!f,-!:h v „: , :';^.;i;:i;^;. ''■;■' 

«lill,m.«-, white hla hair i. helog cut. Why, si r , »,ii , „:"„i : '.''''.",'! "':' l i ;''7'! l .! 1 ,^ '„.■■ ^".i X'.'i!^ l'^ 

with your hlue eyes? Hondo you know that I ^ ' ' 

am not going to cm off that Bauey head of juurs TO GRAPE PLANTERS 

with theao great, thnrp, cruel aeissuul (.1 hnlr . k ** ''■"" "1 ^rou. „f r^kinj „ cur ,«, „ ford J, (| 

faith of childhood I ir ive con |d only irnsi onr ™^ ' t u "T ~" t ***"'"• V ° ""' ™ wn " ' 

tiod, oa implieitly as babe, do in their mothers! ..i^J ^ItoJLtZtoil.'Zi ^.^ '" "^ 



Hie children, yo shall not 






Who Wants a Farm Cared For? 

OreH.nl, .,r V,-. ■■..,. ..,, ; ', ■ ' *" '" r,n ' 

<-■■.■.„■<>!.,... „■.. i hi., i, ,.. . ■ ' "■■■'; ■"■■"■'■■I ■'■.-. 



WHEELER & WILSON'S 

FIRST PREMIUM 

jet- jm. mmc ac JCj -w 

SEWING 

MACHINES! 



IVB«I 



of IhoAgentforitoLtepIioUiBoe-nii 
Pinltuef rebnitrjgsd, 
» 'Srf Uuber on Baa, pitbllibcd In Liindrai, IMI ' TV. 

r ■=-■■ -i.-l —Tin, n..i ,:„..„. TJ.ii i.-. ■..,-, ,. ,;,„''•: 

in:*- i-...) -t ■!'..,.( I, ■„', I:,. I-,'. •(,.„■ ,, ,.,;,.- 




The Highest Preminms Were Awarded 
THESE MACHINES 



EVERY KIND OF SEWING 
Wheeler & WltaonVs lUacblnel 

OXE MACHINE DOES THE W0RK1 

Hami, with each 
i of WHEELER & 



Machine 



.■t recti no, anil c< 
mo needof rOfJ 




..lis eqnnllr nrlj .i|-n Silk 
I!- I, : ^luiiinALII-'' 



V'io.'o!tI ; ..'.',.", 



FIRST PREMIUM AGAIN 



SEVENTH TIME RECEIVED 

Against All Competitors. 

R. H. VANCE, 

Comer of Montgomery anil Sacramento Sis, 

SAINT FHAKCISCO. 
Harlot- »«in receded the FIRST PREMIUM 
ii:.r'lel ; .l[h.!i>t:,t.) f,.irf'irlh(.nE3T AMBROTYPES 
nd PHOroaiUPflS, It i, go»raute»d that all nbo 

in hn ptDdnccrl at any othnr roooii io tbo Stole. I 



and itock torniihnd. 
on the -ar] I *h"i 



Highly Important Hews ! 

DRyToODS! 
h. bach man 

labatt°bros., 

WO ItEiWiV STREET, 

llillJrclKdeclloBorco,^ f i^n 1)doeicslo4d]||(JB ^ ^ 

Illch Silks, Shawls, Dress Goods Purs &c 

[yzaclt Dopartm.at ii now complato 

SUits ! SUJ^s I 

™i -wtEnT or' "n -■ »■' /! !.'i '". i . "''i Vwi'. ' ;T r r ^ t ' "* ESS c * a firldn 

Blnrk Bilha! Sect. a. Bishop., ,„J CruB . oiv, „ 
Shawl, nnd Cloak., Bilk T,h« cj,,,^ 



i'...|.:,,..( ll 1 „,..,.,, l l,„chotbe r , 1 olh.l. ■ . 

..r^l,- 1,1..- Ir i.,^.;.,! I., l.-.ci um. OI o. cle,en ineb ,,.Lih; 






I Hi fi; " 



J. S. HABBISOK. 



Tlie California 

B E E-H I V E! 

The BEST, and tunec (/* CHEAPEST 
Hive ever offered lo Btc-kcepers. 

a* nasi 




EDUCATIONAL. 



SANTA CLARA COLLEGE. 

THE NINTH ANNUAL SESSION OF T 
stltutioni.il] 



.o MONDAY, AeeuJt 1 
. rogular Coum 



ll.r.l ,.„! fillil. ■ 

Wyhii,: .,n.l mnlii,, „t aiilcln najhe 



1, iripgntatlhoColl 



;■. t'tir,:., -.1 ,■ i ,\ 



l ! or further Irf ■-.. ,-.,.,. a - i 
Santa Ctarn College. So ota tia 
fflbl, 8. J„ f. Issaii..,' i-b-. 

'""'I'lir,' l ., .,-. ;-,., 



,c r [ |be ■„'!■->;■■ 

F to tr.e > lWdoi>l<'' 



THE COLLECIATE INSTITUTE, 

nil partlenlan In ro»«nl lo prlcH, tencbcir. *0,* 

■i" 1 jiij.-:-|..I |.>r r, ilr^'jl.r 

O J. FLATT, Pr|odpU_ 



Prlaetj^, 



— - GOODS, 
' cl! E*l"iMT^TOHe n i"lntcl , ,,"^^'S| V oao P i '" «i 

■I. Baclnuan'pj, 

M Soeeounr to LABATT BROg., 



Coal, Wood, Charcoal, fcc 

rooulo itat, totwson Po m t„j K 

I JOUK c. Iiulii;,",,;,. 



ACADEMY OF NOTRE BABE, 

S ■A- 3NT JOSE. 

THE NINTH ANNUAL 8E 
iromin-nn; ,,!, Illllii-l.i ■. 



ui clH t t.lK,H,u(JoJiiJOWe' 1 



WOOL I 

Purohasea at tho Highest Market Bat* 

CEOa0ij'H0tYE3 iCO, I 



THE CALIFOBNIA FARMER. 



63 



AMEEICAN PUMB! 

patented April 6, 1S59. 

Without Suction, Without Packing! 

TM> la i DOUBLE ACTING FOIlCEFUllP.nW. l.ul ooo 




iffT^'*'"™' ■"■'«"* butt, 1= 
J. iW 0Q iho wrapper. 



«,H,T i>. nil .1..,..!,. „,. l. , li .1 I... i. ,,-.. ,,,..-„ ' r ' '"""' 
Dnnlnii«ii ni lprlcc"isutfr«e. 

147 Chambers street, Hew York. 




IFOR NlAFAEMEE. 



-Never btfort-witbrn 
y, uistorj of HujMille, sa.rs the &»'«». hare 
!r prospects bctn brigUter or more encouraging: 



I- 

JCfaan U»j are. «t p 
' jTfhs but bailt cltj 
if Iho business portion of tto ciij 
^ sirelyofbtick, nnd mrioroftn 



feci (hut be 

and doralile. uu.... s — 

amount of building bus 



in tie Stat, 
the e! 

jj-ofi 

[,, of itself, ' 



prosperity is «E«iocd as permanent ^ 

During tbc p"' J far B considerable ^ 

it of building bus been done, and arrange- tju 
aro being made for a much larger ntonunt 

er season. We !«»" t^ 1 ( 1 B ' 15 " nu - mb, ' r ° r dc 



Is bate already b> 



in is folly open 




f[ ,cu,li :i'..-n.-- or ., !if , .u, t i, n .. 1 Uu,„ 01 u Lnybl Iq tl,, i .Mil, M ,^1,11... ««k, there 

future, but from Ibe present prosperity of tbo city. CLJDEC . Slock lloca bare declined mm 

TniFaciiPeoBT'ecT.— TbepreaentproJpect,ssjs ' Aroraro Slaughterers' Prices: 



TniF--.- 
the Alaojcua Herald, for 



apparently 



pBOBJ-err.— Tbc present prospect, ssjs 

Having 6c@o c; 



itra Jtetio do SS330c|Rou K bT^lo-,i' B ■■ *W 
San Francisco Cattle Market ^ 

In Iho Cnttlo Market, Ibis week, Ibero bns been do 
jingo. Stock llop bave declined some, otbon re. 



ATcra£0 Slaughterers' Prices! 

Alonicua Herald, for a bounteous fruit crop in BKE ,_Amerleni>, arstqnslKj 10 o@ I Vie : W nmlitj 

■ifornta, Ihlsseason, is truly flntleriog. Having r,,,n,:' ; 3d qi inlllj -.Se@lSt Spaniel, litqea]. 4o@7o; 

ised a winter peculiarly favorable to Iho growth iM^mlii,- * ^^r 1 ^' ( - , ,,.__ 2d qnamj To @ui e . 

1 maturity of our orchards, tie young tree? have ]r„ c6 _ D Iho bool Ble@7o for Bwek Hogs; good 

oarentlymadeaneitrarrrortin fro i ting, and a <„ (I ..,, : „, .,„„ 1. m -: |>.-. ■■ .1 '-^\ 3 °; 

d and blossom arc tbroivn not at every coneeiv- £™ s ^t< ^hiy' ffig& \ "3 , q"W 



bcro one can be displayed. 

present, and Unnilf '.'■[■ c£.-.-i|ie iho April froil^.mf'.Ht 
of oor orchards trill require stripping to prevent 
the trees from breaking dona under the immense 
load of fruit that ll„.-i will prolines. The weather 
, signs ore eagerly wntched now by oor Qrcbardhts, 

ahmil.l H,i,l.,niL '.-.,:,■. mv mnv iipoct to tee fruit 
nearly as cheap here, ne« fall, as in Atlnotic 

J*j-ixhi Mion— Wbile ou hoard the Porrbaltan 
•ays the Honolulu Adtcrtiscr, one of the sailors, 

*ho did not (io io In;' in for niiliing, eihibitcd to 
as • sample of Japanese mice, which were of va- 
rious colors; some pure white, oiliei-i spotted, 
They oro pcrlcclly docile, nud may bo handler' 
without 1 being the least klanned. It npperra tho 



without 1 bring the least alarmed. It apperrs that 
perfectly lame; they ore entirely of a different 



Wonin It 



Wobth BEMEirntaisa.— Professor Maury saj 
Jut aa abundant growth of sunflowers was a pei 

1 Observatory. Wh" 
cted by the snnflr 



onprol ,i,.J bj the (unBotrere. trare risiied t, r oeM,od....r7.«--»i so 

thn malaria, the Obiervctorv .nj^.-.-.d in,n,,uiity ■><■ '»■='« -3500 

k oi the disease. HothiriL -'tlnu'iL.. .; ,„ilr,,-. ■, in ^ m *-g 1 ' ""* wos J" 

rank growth, absorbs th a mnlaria and purifies B^^.T^.'.'.Z'l.lti 



Dr, Frank G. Johnson'; 

SELF-REGULATING 



'VThoIeeialo Froduao Hoport, 
„.-,;,,. ,ho pricei pridhy ihe dealer la iho product 

™ioJ w«a!j or LoomU S Miller, f^mmh-lon Mc 

[l-3-i. i,. ■ , i l"."..lL:n. ,L.',-r: T £,inFrniicl*co.| 

.i.pcwt. f|,J;f*J^ p X'l^wta^'n. afanj 



Sort".'." iSS »| & 



Hotail Prices at Washington Market.— aprll S. 

'ototoe.,!? ft .. . |Sm| CsolWower, gdoi Ij M 

• do Vkw) ...... 11* | Or..!.!. ■.-.■;.■■, i;_.-«l *'_,-/_' 

aa ™ 'uuuid.) )s do ' iajMi -• 85 

Hf-VI ■.. ■-' Twnaluw. """"75 

'*"*■ Qatooe, p In....... ^]0c 

ftrnwlitVauub] '•■■'- *> 
?*£t,\p£r dot oun'che. Jfc 

i ■[..'■ ;'■", firjia" !.". it 

i-nl-n. fbunch 8c 

' !mpn"v"n BSe 

CcLTrj. P taiDea'..'.".'.'...!^ 




'Cilulrab, 

J--^ Ham.'— tl B £ DijilOro^run ..30c 

ForfcCtJui... .... ,...?Of do Impiin^] S0£ -."- 

TS iluius cuja oiV T unp »»,i.ch 7Sc 

tr- | do .molwd.... 1W91S3 

lip.'. »reioi....t;arajrjo 



"by Qo« 






-ipnrpi !-. v i^ti ■- :ri^- 

EUbhlu, wild, -ftJOc 




• MR. & MRS. COGILL'S 
S3 DANCING ACADEMY, 

PHILHARMONIC HALL, 

OAvlaaa'nt'lhn" t N^r 1 7v!fv^Vi D I 3^o6> 

Torrae-K U) r«r nwnll, ia adraneo, 
'a,,™ L«„ H . « .1, 0DBrt ut fti 1„ A^ nB 

.Koe'jmoS^'io^;!^";" " lusL '' Al "' 

■rin^^^rw'aadL^nn'r' 1 V ' onlloUl1 Barlre, 



MAKUVAOIDKED AT THE ALEXANDER H TOLH3 

E T 1 TI 1 i H ^? n0lr0,,wor,fs ' Frflfllie,! and Gcaml Commission Ami 

D. VAN PELT, P/oprietor, «-.-» «..-*■ «™™ B ' 

Hoi. OD and 92 Bnsh street, Ban Francisco 

TTMnnBiiBdjor riin:; .|H'iiii ; , vim, -■.■■'■ : 
■sdRerrdacilj.'J^M.i'llrji.i ):iv.,::|. ;,,.,.:,:./.]' 
THIS MILL [.5 A l-KKncCTS'-ir- 
^_. lUsulsl'.r and l>r,. lc ;u,r. mvl nil U F 

b Cheapest anil Best Windmill 

OP THE AOE. 
""^e.! stio rj e|y , t|ror(00 , idanLedinAtricultii. 



^^SS^l&S~M^ 



DomCHlIc Fonla. 

^^OlThiles, anrTsENsT 

AT TD.E HIQDEsi MARKET EATE9, 

LONINQ & FUERSTEIN. 

OO fRONT_3THBET. 

•^ 1T wVci , LK f .,, L ,.,v; , ., hl .' j! 



ALEXANDER H. TODD, 

S^l^f FRANCISCO. 

AS™ ^SmFor^j 1 ^ """"^ ! D ,0,li '"' 
foioon ihrooghout 

COAL. 

ooa«« 1 Ur UaBu d, odrJr 'J , u b ° Uu,r He-crlptoa. ot C 
Oremn urea. l«. W n'n!?" EASTMAfl . 

OppMllHUlJ.lUtt 



PINE HIVES OP BEES. 

A OQOIJ PaESEHT. 

(h<co en. "Hero pnrchue™ can i< 

llARBIBOS'S NEW J1IVE3 cm bo „ m hi , no , 



O.Moio. e. K. wraeo...... 

MAIN & WINCHESTER, 

MAMUPAOTTJBBB3 ( 

1 HARNESS,®* 

S addles, Bridles, 

WHIPS, C OLLARfi, 
SADDLE -WARE, &C. 

Ho. 82 Battery street, 

SAiV F/tA.VCiSCO. 



LAWRENCE & HOUSEWORTH, 

OPTICIANS 

No. IT* Clay Street, 



GOLD, SILVER, AND STEEL 

SjOOOttTVOlOS, 

With tho best qnality of QIassos, aod tho oolebebnilcd 

BRAZIL IAN PEBBLES. 

Opera Glnuu, ainpicrlc Blaehlnep, 

Bprs'ane*. Drn.vliiB; Inilrnm.nU, 

STEREOSCOPES AND VIEWS, ETC. 
Pocket-knives, Bazors, Soisson, &o„ 

»- GLASSES lllled to frames, and REPAIRS 
latly done. 6 



PACIFIC TIN-WOKKS, 

Ho. t» il.il STRBBT, 
SA.3ST PEANOISOO. 

J3 . O . .A. XT S T I TO - , 

TIN AND SHEET-IRON WARE, 

Plain, Fancy and Japanned Ware, 

STOVES AND STOVE FCENITUSE, ENAMELED 

WARE, TINNED IRON WARE. COFFEE-MILLS, 

FRX-PANS, BAKE-0VEN3, dtt, to. 

be largest assortment of rendj-rande TIK-WAItE 



BL A.NKETS. 

Any Description of Blankets wliitii may 



ALL-WOOL BLANKETS 



trt;iM.M.\:i;.', pick i c 



Bees, Bee-hives, Honey! 

REV. L. L. LANGRTROTH'S 
MOVABLE-COMB HIVEI 

HTRAM HAMTLIOH, of BAUTA CLAEA, 

APIARIST AND AGENT 

For LUc above named Patent Hive, fur California 

Oregon and Washington. 

B3-PQrMn,wl,hl n |[ 
nllhlo taid Status an 
Welle, Eargo and Co.'s Biprau, U> Ih's i 



SaotaClnra,?ob 1S.1I 



CHOICE GROCERIES. 



.. EDWAHDS * Co.'a, 



SIAGKEREL, Tongues and soiuitls, 

CHOICE BUTTER, 4o, in Kits, 



Jollies, Jama, 

PRESERVES, FRESE1 FRUITS 
ENOLISH SAUCES, Ao. 



Comet Teas, oia Gov'm't Java, 
Costa nica, and nio CoiTco, 

- Eorsaloat 

A. h. EDWARDS A CO.'S, 



Fine Vineyard and Orchard 
S t O LEA8E.g 

"«>M«-hk™L.*=w.,B™ v'o""' u A } i ^ 1m ™» 



FLH8T PEEMTUM GOLDEH STATE 
SHIP-BEEAD AND CKACKEH BAKERY 

-cm ^at.ijdI>MUJ... SAN FnAMCtaCO. 

DEETH & STARR 
SHIP, NAVY, AND PILOT BREAD' 

Special ■lurottoa gl,o a io pien*,{ Be ih„ 

L. HASKELL, & CO. 

HIDES, TALLOW, ggg 
wool,, tos, ANI> BB . INS 

PBlBi.WAL OFP1CE, 
BAH FltAMUtHCO. °' 



FAIIM STOCK, &o. 



THOROUGH-BRED 

gjgfe French Merino Sheep<^jgi 

BERKSHIRE AND SUFFOLK SWINE 

fi?5S ALSO: 

SOL NEW MILCH COWS 

RlrarjOppc*lM tncaUutjEnnssrccmiitT,^ ^ B[K 0HAil 



Merino Buclis, 

ONB-BALF AND TH RE K- QUARTER BLOOD, 



ALSO: 

THREE QUARTER-BLOOD BUCKS, 

"' I!-!', r".!";.'. ':.y" "' "''jL.'lili ,-iHAItl.K, R-u^to Aromu, 



FI^TEl STOCK! 

FOR SALE. ft 



±> V u .a U u toilu ... J:^u.,^ l«J>; 1 l«v° aada anolber 
THORODCin-BRED STOCK 
SHOET-HOHN DURHAM CATTLE, 

Puro FRENCH MERINO, SOUTHDOWH and COTSWOI 
SHEEP, 




JOHN D. PATTEILSON. 



50 HIVES OF BEES, 



Frenoli-Meriiio 

jBTJCKS.g 

'I '111. ,„,]. ,.■!,•..] I,.-..., ,., i „,-.,„„ SIIF.GP R.VISKHS, 

SALINAS PLAINS, AT LEI-ISE'S RANCEO, 



California Steam Navigation Company, 

. . jIT— ■^ARRAHOEhlKUT fKO.V, -ir*m. 

e-» T| >=rj' r.j-^=^ 

!I^,,W, Jolt!/™ ^ae>w« mm *i, a ,J, a , ( „.,|„ ( l, j.j, 
OARRYDiG UNITED STATES II AIL. 



ro Jackson ,Ir«I WL sri 



WILSON "li. li'ilHT, 



Regular Dlftpatcb Line 

FOJJ HONOLULU. 



CAPTalB C. J. 



PRAIECKS »™.. ■.. ... 

captaih joas 

;n?o r^sulnr dtiriEcli. 
Fur Piwatn-hai 



g superior mmijiam^datlonj— ti 
McRUKR A MERRILL, 



AUCTION SALE 

JOHN CABELL'S, 

C O TT H T BI.OCE, 

CARPETS, 

OIL CLOTHS, 
WINDOW SHADES, ETC. 



r i t>le» aprlog Goads. 



notice. 



J. L>. ARTHUR & SON, 

AGRICULTURAL STORE. 



PITTS' & HALLS' THRASHERS. 

BOSTON STEEL CLIPPER PLOWS. 

)K(, Hanoi™, Onltiraton, Grain -eradlea, Sejlhcf, 

.Blh'. H.,r«.rak rJ , IL,yT:ik„.. Ttir .-nor-, Caru, «i e . 
HAHKOW8, SHOVELS, GRIHDSXONES, ETO. 

Nos, 3, 4, and 5, Washington street, 

!!>-..:■> P.|>l. and Front. [-J) S.I.V Ffl ,1 .VfJ.VCO. 



WANTED TO BE KNOWN 

[ ;,■ 1 ■ HiT.i BddrcMcd W. W.nailld'lallhliotacoirillbe 



VERMIN £)BSTHO-STER9. 
A'la 1 ™! ? F S V PEIlIOil FE fRETS (Mala and F 

'■■ 

Apply Qllbo Ollico ..1" lLi.V',1, 



BERKSHIRE SWINE. 

'I'Mr:::!: i-u(,L.BL 



SHEEP WANTED ON SHARES. 

„„ ' &UAVI5N, 



BERKSHIRE AND ESSEX SWINE 






AntEHICAN E^ES WANTED. 

QnERP.RAtSERs"ilh a "havannn n | nl r 
13 AMtKICAN glVEs ror.il"™ h °rVf J C 



FULL-BLOOD MERINO BUCKS. 

Y j ';1V l:,lli|.,| f.If;HFNIJ tt.UIM Irom tho Pjuotwn 



ft Full-blood Blsji'lno SUccp. 



BERKSHIRE AND SUFFOLK 
,.- -J SWINE I 

Editor Fjnalsa iiill° rtoolio' < "' CO L °"'"* "^^r 



Extra Size Lavrton Blackberry Plants. 



San FranclMO nill hold tholr Tbiri Intta^tiial Fair In 
(bo mouth ot Senlotnbor, 1K0, In said citr, nod Ihsj 
OUrdilllj IdTlto mwhoolM, raiDUfocluror.. ruin™, oiri- 
cnllurUts, hortlcnltuiijtj, and all otbor producers, to b* 
roprceolod Iburoln bj thrir norku and prodaou. 

rondo r tho raming Kibibltion eroa mu™ brilliant and 

vi>r:ull> r.ilmilluj l,i L .jvii -\. r.\-',\.i , ".'. i .'. c , i inlliloo^o Mi 
uur P-nV'e. '""I .-lii.=.-ios ,i„„„ ,.|,,rK ...,.■;, ..„c,-,,.!ic; 

j- ■.■u in.ii .1,... .-i.n,... ■ i e.,i, ,.,,,,,, , .■,.,..,.! 

|t...1i,..ii-,. : ui.jrflLiiic- nc,!,i..,.rir I,, k.., ,;-....! Tho 



iiornhioit imh 



noil nlshors of th. 



.n!".' T>» 



i'l'.-T^iTiMi.tlyrollalHLl. , r |ll0 < ;nl T 

M.- I ,1, ,,,1 ,li r ,!„,„. !: , „j|| |,„ . llr ., r .(.. j r .. r .„,!, ..rli.-lf 
'■< '■ ■iIii-.tii.i iiinnii ,;!„„■ ,,, ]ir , : ,| u , ,.,.,„ | . ,.. ,u,,J 

l)y ordor of tbo lusUluta. ™ ,, " ,nt "">«"=■ 

WM. f. hkrhick, 

Corrospoudin; N-.trotarT. 

n^"" 0, * SplP °™ ° n "" P;,olli ° Cou '" f ' i,D,l r. U "" 
[]J .■■■ml |,Li[.ci i„ njjrt.j „J ■ Hi-chani'fi' i '•■'.■' i Iim'iV. '.-.'S 



.:^:;,:?; 



f Cinpfaii,!,' l'.',' 1 ,".'! i.-.m-'- 
• Ljk. //Mr, " 



""'i» a l 




loi^onjKHl^aUsolddlld^rX^nodTa^ » 



VOLUME XIII. 



SAN FRANCISC 



CALIFORNIA: FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 20, 1860* 



NUMBER 9. 



&jtf dklitaiii farmer. 



COLONEL WAHBEH. 3 





Tha Honoy-Bee Burin ess. 


Wo 


Its place Id lie following paialcd Idler 


ElOStC 


bcerfullr, as n arc always willing lo open 








ed with the interests of the State— and we 


lhall 


e Bind to bear from all portions, not donbl- 




tbot Mr. Harbison aod-oihcrs will readily 



amount of 1ms by r<> 11 1 lirood and by the molh a; 

moied it a:- hiph in Mr. Kennedy bus find it, mi 
(ailAl, We more informed by one importer of o 
' hundred hire! tbnt bis lost was 52500. 

It will be seen by the nerds of Mr. Kennedy lb 
wo were right also in our statement thai only tho 
who understood the businejj could do il aucces 
fully, for Sir. Kennedy 533-8 be (elected betivei 
fifty and sixty swarms. They Iting all ncu> iirnn 




bo best sheep, all things considered, 1 
know it tho belter, nnd therefore ci 
Didingly. I feel constrained to answe 

lip ; bnt 1 believe in letting ere?}- tub 



fully almighton tho 



KEW-VORK CO Jl BIS ED ItEAPEE AND MOWER. 
Mods by Warder 4 Child, Springfield, Ohio. J. ». Anrnn A Bus, Agents, San Frni 



1 theii 



a then 



ess, proves out position 
unody and son understood tho business am 
uccessful. Mr. Kennedy did not pnrchas. 

many of [betn with combs blacknnd rotten 
1U worn,, actually crawling from the bite, 
e hoTo seen. Aa it regards Sncrnmenti 
tempt from tbc disease, wo don't believe il 
Juried to Sacramento convey tho diseas. 



Hk To Iho remarks of our correspondent relative t 
whether thcjfml" 6«» were had of Iho "Digger In 
dinns" or nut, wo reply, bo; they wcio first iutro 
dneed by lb. lamented '-Shcllon" who in connes 
tion with Commodore Stockton first, brought the: 
hilher ut great cost, and they were nearly oil lui 
by the irtnt of tbnl knowledge which has sine 
been obtained by a cuitty experience. Mr. Ken 
nedy after be has bad a little longer experience i 
BfcUfornia life will learn IbU real truth, that th 
JSunnte of our glorious Stale will eradicate, purif 
" regenerate hues that are diseased ; and eradi 



* disc, 
aedy is appli 



•t propc 



laWBOfnstur 
We witness this in all classes of animal j 
ugh poor, sickly and lean, their progen; 
in each generation. As with animals 
i=noni— tho children of pale, and sickly, 
diseased parents lalto on n new type of 
nd strength by Ibo utmojphero they 
And thus with the bees ; the early stvarma 
a or Itis diseased and sickly in various 



[ while lo get rid of this eri 
1 In the foot, that while In 
e purchased at frmu £50 t 
to Iholr strength, CabTorni 



* hi- MIMllOD of eaeb U he pkastil . onu llle 
lulntor thinking all would pay, brought good 
bad, and thus inflicted an evil on our State 
ft greater 00 himself, for tbc speculation was 
Tn shall be glad lo be corrected al oil times by 
correspondent or any one else, and when la 
IT will quickly take bock any assertion not 



•tta: A friend has handed n 
1th nit, and called my nilcu 
■Jed "The JJonej-Uce Bun 






prophesied correctly If, as you 
I heavy Josh, hj tt mojgtitj ol 
Id enter the busings ignorant!?." 

very much doubt whether oven 



brood' "7 His true yon 
ceived from J. S. Hntbisoo, thi 
Sacramento, all these facts are 
Harbison himself, in tho Cultnr 



ocks imported the past season 
on the 1st day of May belt. 
a ra^TciVnr cause lor this great 

pass on and ascribe Ibe Inss 
lien, if it really eiisted to tho 
vould mnke it impossible for 

use being sufficient, are' you 
leceasary alarm when you say 
badly affected with ' foul 



that 



"ku.:r; 



Irirnu-d 



irist of 
and air. 



■J the principal bee keepers in the El 

h ,vilb Iill'/hil; "cmplir.ij iliL'ir njii.irie: 
iii-U::j;i:Uing speculators und purcbas. 



astern gentlemen, that they may b 



and brought 



ed by Mr. n. 
it every pre- 
L its spread 






ineisco. Much of tho comb became very dnrfc, 
1 think, ennaed hy want of ventilation in pus- 
; through a hot climate. It is said that a large 



hundred on the anmc steamer with us. This 

aagc, seems lo have been mistaken for "fait 
brood." Several small bis were scut to this citj 
nod sold to innocent purchasers. They certain Ij 

them hove already left their hive., not, I am satis- 
Ded, because of "foul brood," but in most cases 
ofno brooij at all, nnd in all, no honey. I bnvi 
emmined tunny of-theso hives, and melt af then. 



Perh 



1 if I w 



able 10 e 
a little 



t Ibe ii 



l-l, ;.„.,;[ u 



them to be thorough- bred. 

wido difference between a fu 

e thorough-bred animal; a f, 

be one that is n cross belwce 

but never 11 tbo rough-bred. 

in 18S2 they ii 

French Merim 

cross-bloods; iflh 

<lo I ever recollect ol 

bred French sheep of my brother, Merrill Blngbnu 



collect 






different!}-. I very much dW 
any real, contagious " foul 
though it is said lo be in Sacr 
moval of tho apiary of on e; 
from that city, would seem to 
of his opinions on that subjee 
tain there is none in Mnrysvill 
in San Francisco or Sacramet 
competent lo the task will giv 
it, nol by quoting froi 



Ungslrolb'a 
nisquotingot 



troducing a disease that will taki 

silently under Ibis charge. 

1 left Wisconsin last fall In company : 

aon with between fifty and silly hives 

gathered by ourselves, they being all new 

We took thctn.to tfew 1 

thuleily on thodlhofDi 

0, where wo arrived on the 3d of 

ne immediately to this city. Afti 

ig five stocks at full California prices, n 

fifty left in as good condition, 1 venture t 

ns any fifty taken promiscpoasly from Mi 

my other person's apiary, 



Jan ear 



I have Ml 
that I see n. 



:.|k,i U 






n self- 
avoid considering 

itroduced Into Si.n 



lefrora the Atlantic Slates in "the tall of '60 
vtflicltd aith it"— that these persons had spread 

asclvcs OTcrlbc Stale, Kin San Jose, Slocklon, 
a, Marysvillc, and other plaeca," omitting 

he Uity Fathers to makfe largo appropriations 
tho building of hospital*, nod Warn the natives 
[Hit ereu shaking hands with any of these 
ly-nrrived persons, for fear of contagion, with- 
oven asklog the question, "are these thiogs 
" And if, on investigation, It should appear 
that all of the sickness could be fully accounted 
ibont assuming it 10 be a contagious disease, 

•>tiun, more especially If II ihould be found 

he able physician who had "oMmtd tKa, 

'"""- «" «"*"! ^crested in having then, pro, e 

rive hundred bl.es of " e J*™Ti,. ™"™ IT. 
T bod condition 
er of them were Ii 
Injured as to be of littli 



be iiblg ul no distant distant day to 

tmi "f hfini-y. ii-iLlli.-n-d bv beiri im- 
■ e lull of 'SI)," provided you Lire not 
cLiitajrinn, I reuj.iin ■.„,„ u l. L ,]i., u[ 
L. Kssssmv. 



lit: In. 



11 thel 






Merinu : ti,,.| 
Cuynott, th. 
Slates. I m 



things which need a little cor- 
tlo looking after, and for the trulb 

to soy Irofcryoo to J. D. Patter. 
1 A. Tnintor of Harlford, Ct., who 

rayaclf imported th 
rom the celebrated !!< 
sere ever Impotled ii 

by IbeSonora; and 



lolly changing from year lo year, 
ever hare known of their buying but 
a .beep, and that is the one referred 

aoy sheep directly from the best 



f French I 






ions of sheep made into 
ihcn Mr. John A. Tab 
^6,010. cost of S112.50 



flock atniowfigore, for 
r and those sheep were 
rn Slates, and sold as 
11 in condition to sell; 
I, only those tbnt were 
Chore were no Importa- 
irmont, since May, 1853, 
r and myself itnpor 



arcm 


ny more tl 




be 


in 


1, but 1 


VI II V 


lit for a reply. Yours 


















unur. 


Wo 


publish the 


nboveletlerorj 


Ii- re 




uslbility 


of Mr. 


Bingham, 
oces to wl 


ch he refer?, ot 


!r"t 


'" 


the Eir- 


vert is 


met given 


us by Messrs. J 




11 


ekwoll. 


iho fn 
pnblii 


ed in Add 


ere taken from 
son, Vermont, n 






edtobo 


under 


authority. 


What wo ndve 


tisci 


ir 


is upon 




■ onsitrilily 


or those whoso 










with the 








umc tho 


pa rile 


trill reply 


Ilia not our] 




ti 


r desire 














ble to apeu 


k for themselves 









Tho SsasoQ — The Crops, 
every quarter of our State come glorious 
if tbc "prosperity or Agriculture." The 
cc of tho "latlurrnina" have given n<ona 



md .1 



"Season of Plenty." 

Never hove the grain-fields looked so well ; tho 
grasses give assurance of o great hny-crnp, and 



lalcd. 



Willi these prospects before u 
ilready u largo surplus of wheat 



(d place il at one hundred and tKrnly.fisc 
bamU, or equal to three months supply, 
ate it higher. With such prospects, our 



fur food will be al 



cheap. 



fall- of 1B-16), ihey hsvodt 
down the French sheep and 1 
for the truth of which I hnv- 
for evidence or what I say, i 

precept." They 



■••■ p.Tiikman, thai 
■n of Iho French sheep 
made by myself In 



1 due I 



no jo 



d precept upo 



They talk 



ed their 

mying thi 
thing that was calculated 1 
destroy men's confidence 
nboul imported sheep; tbey 
ported sheep, except what perhaps Lhoy necidently 
bought lo speculate upon, and now thoy say thai 

derful change has come across their better judg- 
" ---- igo hi " 



nghtfor in (his 



Iho Frei 



■y, nnd therefore 
icir tune. If these men raise sheep at homi 
1 high repute, why hnvo not thoy exhibited tl 
iccp at the different Stole Pairs and won pri 
1 them? !f they were ofsueh remarkable as- 
1 they would have you boliovc, they couS h 
ode a general sweep of nearly all of tho prh 
it the truth Is they never dared to offer a eh 

icw of their e.hibiling n sinelo alioon ot a St 

ur „,,,] li,r 



.vhich I challenged any mnn In tho United £ 
shear against me for quality nnd quantit; 
arding to live weight, washed or unwash. 

s the way to test these matters. I go for the 
ibeep, nnd for thai sheep wbieh Trill pnt tho 
nonoy into a man's pocket, alt things eonsid 
hold myself open, hero In California, on tho 






W.ndui Si Child/;' obio Combined Reaper 
and l.i'0 w..i-. 
present na illustration of this newly im- 
d and valuable Reaper aud Mower, of which 
ivu n miunte detailed skelch in our lust issue. 

This implement was put in operation last season, 
ia Alameda County Fair, und .won general 
D. It has m iiny valuable points, and would 
been sold in large numbers, had not tho ship 

been lost al sea which was freighted with soma 

two hundred for Messrs. Arthur A Son, who arc 

tho suiting ngcnls for this State. 



(says the N. Y. Hor 



—Mr. Kllwnn 
lulturist) thnt 
situ his remi 



rat e 



the iTuit-llrower.V Suciely of Weslera 
rk [published in tbo Farmer orllnrch JO], 
et this very much, for wo believe our re- 

ied to give 1 fair abstract of. tho proceed- 
ic desire to have matters of this kind put 
ul, iherL-iurc, append Mr. Ellw anger's own 

in vfPeari that uili no 



will S! 



from this date fifty b 



I will «l 






a, lambs by 
.ial number ownoil 
by nny one mnn in tho United Slates, at some 
In this country, whluh shall bo named In 
Tor quality and quantity, washed or un- 
I sheep here raised" by lhetos"cT,7s" wa£U 1 cd ; " Drul ' 1 B * "« weight, thai the matter 
iscu ny tuemsclves. mi , bo lully lested. If tbo Hrennh sheep nro not 



.won(? U m«._In, 

™»» '" a uo.-in.,!,, 11 nui v irlulv of Pears will 
not grow on Quince Y 1 namul il„. i;,il,,.,i„,, v .i- 
ri-liea: Ucurrf lies.-, Piirmli-.f d'Aulu,,,,,, |)j; 

and Sheldon. These are pood s,, r u, tin ,| ; j 

I.,, ilimljlc-nurl,....! ; :,..,] „.l,i,.,j || MI , | , 1 |-,.|-,. rr ,.,| ,1 
White Uoycilliu or Virp.lieu lor a M.,,-|. l„"r ,],„1 
purpu :.e, l„ i,i[ very harrly. JlelU Lucrative, I saij, 

Ivoro" "en 1 "'''!! -^f^' "" ""' BrOU " ds ' lUo Tluit * 
V'.-."'- .V(.r'-,._Mr. Aiutworth said that ho had 
''■"""■ ll "-' ■W'-i-.i ib'j l".-l. i„ wl,i,;b I rcpliii.l tbnt 
thi' l.jru./a.iy [.; ,1., pood, or even boiler, for a slock, 
b'-ini; hiirdi.T no. I doner ,;-r.ii,i,-,l. The Aur-trs 



10 d'Angou- 
s Bonne do 



... ■ *■-'■ ■-'-"■"■■ thi tlrnpe^Jimclt.I raid 

lll-ll 1 ll id 1i.ll ■!•! ri(, ,|, l,,,,]| .. . ], ,|, ; ,lii,,„. 

that we RrJltth,,,,,.,!,,,!,, „■„,.,., ,1 '■,,": 
the Apple. Ilud clMt-,^,,,,, ' .,.,„„, ,,, ."-,." L ir ,-\ t " JD 



with wnx-cioth (ft 
paper), and bury , 
Always graft node 



Plant Sacds Anew. 

Tu« late rains have, in mnny instances, rutted 

seeds, nnd they ohoold bo again planted. Messrs 

J. P. Sweeney ft Co hnvo lar E n stocks of fresh 

seeds and will be glad to wait on all who caU On 



-^^TTXT TTMVBgriA FABMEB. 



„„„„,■,> -M^rr-pc Hbetlme of the rlsK of Galcano and Voider !n tbi 

.CALIFORNIA NOTBb-l^ ^ ^ ^ rt qTe . nwMdt lho Miiai un o 

, / »' *" *• "■ TAWQii- San Carlos do Cnrmelo, bad pretty well absorbed 

Y^THH IHDIAWOLOQY OF CAUPORHIA. „. th. Indian, of lho to" of Monterey (wht 
, ,™,i I ihn Vi.tinn was first placed, prior to 1.32), 



/ Ho. f 



Carlos do Canoolo and Bolodod 

Indian*. oto. 

0,\.l.,-r is:.u. 



Fvtalularycftl.' Fitltnuer 

- on 0/ Son « 

, (aim Sy rt< 



Lima: 



lalrta- 



infaut, cbiid conimk 
father appa 

mother »una 



towsika hawk 



snake, green lessnn 
rattlesnake lep 
bird risk™ 

aiidc rurrun 

pigeon hur-rotr 

Cal. quail 



shnk-ka, fbi( 



ere 


hhtn 


red 


jurtusl-ynn 






















great, bi 






























aec 


yonnp. 




Indian s 


ocscot-tcpa 


bad 


kntcbish 












ah ugly 












eky, Ilea 


ten tru-ra-Ut 


dead, dec 





ita tn-kush-Ips yoa mafc 

feel kurra tbey uttoy 

toe* yarlafch this neper 

bone iba-cbe that no pec 

Rrassboppet no-lo-kus all immey 

Toltura" wa-.ack-a many, ranch ekbey 

nbalo traira who nmpayno 

heart cirrba near soy-a-m. 

blood paucbn to-day nay ya 

chief yn-ya-rnnk yesterday u-ifc 

friend kow-nk to-morrow char-o-w 

boofe, hnl rout 



well as those of Uio loi 

Hey. In various parts of these lovroshios may 
ill be found Indian hand-mortars and also boles 
ouc in Ihe granite and olh.r rocks for pounding 
lorns and seeds; now aod tbsn Indian arrow- 
iadB of fllol and obsidian.] 

Tbo foregoing Vocabulary was taken from an 
d Indian of 65 years, and his companion a 
young man of 25. All the Moolerey Ii.dia.is 
hare sceo (and there are still over 100 of them 1 
in our Vicinity) arc of a light or a dee| 
sienna color, with the iris of the eye browl 
old man, a crafty piece of Indian anliqaily and 
hale aod hearty rogue, informed lb. 
on (he rauebcria called Cakanarnk, 
the raacho ''El Sur," on tbo ocel 
thirty-five miles south of Monterey, 
tiied by Padre Juan Amaros, and t 
children by bis wife trbo was nl 
Indian. The Indians had a species of native to- 
bacco trbich Ibey smoked; there is also a bot- 
irater spring, liigb up in tbo Carroelo mooouiuis 
and not far from it, a large cave filled with Imlinr 
Dgures in vermilion or red color, and which Iasi 
was (be place where (bo Indians used to, on sci 
times, visit to make worship to their Gods. Tbt 



a Cl.ri-ti.ui 




their 



rngge' 



Santa Lucli 

had a great veneration for the Auron or Condor, 
and its eggs were in great request, as they were 
thought to give honor, strength aod cunning to 
the fortunate one3 who could capture (hem. They 
always eat tbctn rnic, and a Cartncl Indian told 
mo that (hey were better food than any other kind 
inside red, anything else. 



IHIiLr 



i of tbo! 



kettle 



-ehea no 

eps cost 

-ocb north 

ft (..I Hint) tre-cep south 

pnk-a-run two 

marsh three 



ido, Tchityilot, Xnmis, Chacbat nnd Sep- 
ponct. The word En sen es may bo a short word 
for the Indious of tho Encinal, or Oak-groto of 
Monterey town, to distinguish them from the 
Escclencs; or probably the old priests applied tho 
inn to the lodiaos of (be plains of the Salinas. 

ylnnti, llumhuy, Chowlis, Sawey, Hclcto, Pascy 
L captain), Lippis, Wnntasson, Hakusmnllou, 
Pashy, Paxil 









■buiiard tutelow drink 

cerrimps dance 
land tnrra go 

cba-nnr apeak 



od utis-mil 



. Clmig 






Gars 



■gun, Tupu 
icwn, Estll 



Tbotlcs, Silago, ' 
Chalmi, Chaquigi 
Portnscalas, Fay. 

.occ hoc, Hocogioui, Tapson, Toxox, Furnui 
igilnras, Scguag, Siefic, Efexci, Hnlrastnppi 
Cbuebnmpans, Sumayai, Sojors, Jails, Eipi 
jmulata, Cbilalba, Sayusam, Collnlalla, lligcby 
id Rucbiscacem. 

Tbe women's names were Jalompoa, Holojanc 
njjala. These names ore mostly (of both seics 
taken from the old hook of Baptisms of Carrneli 
Mission. This old record, commencing in 1770 
also notes the following names, Christian ant 
Indian, or the different raocherias, so written by 
the old priests, from which their neophytes n 
token- They wore all, until 1790, resident 
within thirty miles of the Carmclo Mission. 

The rauebcria of Tucnlnut was called S. 
Teresca; Gnayojtawi 






Padre; 



of Mori 



!9 or tho Chalones wev 
ypoo, Selcgepeoa, Imayla 

Cli'.V.'l, (.ioatcliarruii, uti.l M,.j.isi.ls; another ot 

'" ir clans was AfpasoSogon. 

[ear where Guadalupe Rnncbo now is, was a 
■e ranchcria of 'Chularcfl or Achnlares. Tht 
mel, Soledad and Sao Juan Indians spokt 



oflov 






Whi 






.„lv t , .1,- 
:th'i 



ions of dead 

rUBt— Ibey bad the glory however of dying 10 

quired l-x^i-jjI ul' [..lioitui, uinritf, hnil.iliiy ur si 
pcrstition. S.vi-r mind 1 TIipv died in plury ; hi 
' ive forgottto the names of nil hut live or si: 

dead from five yenrs to five thousand year 
splendid fields for mn.ieuvcry .tod strategy 
.rwould Hie plains orCuliforuia makcl flow 
many AlesaaiK-ri and Cmnri i-uutd they torooul " 
IWAt 1h.['" tl»T "ill [-r-fer W,i -liir. ; ;u..[i- m 
,l:ic!;3onJ, if ihi'V liav: p-jw.-r In ^eleet. 

Tbe site of the lands near the Missinn oft'i 
roclo was a rnncberift cullfl CariiitnLirutiii— tl 
nord seems to be one of mixed Spanish aod Ii 



Til" lMi.-n 



■ (ir Er'tlencs clan roomed over tht 

■ os San FraiiciiiiuiKi. T:.l l.m.ri- 1,..- . 
>wn the Carmclo Valley. Tho Sak- 
nj.iir.- | tin. had rancbtrini od the 
known as Luucill.i, T-rr.i, Naliiui.il 



. The site of the present town ofMoule- 
:allcd Achicsuior Achastn; the Indians 
ro went by the name of the Run* coes, ood 



Sl 


hastopol, bones 


ofPreucbmen, Englsibn 


d Italians, und ar 


ived at ono of our Eas 


-iris 


rom the Crim 


a. Tbo mind naturally 


vol 


at the idea o 


..■usploririE these sad relic 


rnvo 


soldiers, or in 


deed of any human bci 


rth 


purposes of 


gricnlturc, nnd yet the 




e are enabled 




."ta 


kfn^o'ost, 


(her humau or animal, sh 
of good. Hitherto tho 


■ary 


has been lho 


case; ship-load after s 




as left our s 


ores to fertilise tbo soi 


ngln 


nd, while our 


wn soils nnd crops have b 


llcr 


ng. Has (hist, 


njiirduruJilc drain of so 1 


pur 


on of ono of 


ur most valuable fertili 



KTJRSEHY BUSINESS. 



Rare Hardy Plants, 

gg; MA ONO L! A ORAHDIFl.OItA, 21. 

FTiTi 1; r.l-. . .. r-f. ■,„ 

CELESTE FlO— imall pink fnilu from How Orlna, 
BHODODENDROH ABBOHEUH, 
FITT09PORUM3-^umtnurn^ceoled wlillo Bona 
,\ It .M ''■.-, Ul.l IN III! I'/. T.l. 
AHAUOARIA elDWlLLIt, 

EXCELS A, . 



Ft AMANDIER— moekor 



•N U R S E R Y,i. 



A OHOI0B COLLECTION OF 
THE LARGEST AMD BEST ASSOilTJJEJlT 

FIRST PREMIUM ROSES and DAHLIAS. 

Evergreen and Ornamental Shrubbery. 



tcrmiued that henceforth fhowever eharitahly 
mc be disposed) England shall not have even a hone 
from us? Such wore joyful tidings indeed. "But 
why make snch an ado about a few bones?" the 
noti-book farmer inquires. Good friend, we have 
not space in (he.hrief article wc purpose inditing 
to give you a full and eaiisfnctory reply to your 
simply query. We will give you a few bints, how- 

ovcr at your leisure; and if your objections to 
reading reliable books on agricultural chemistry 

promp(ed by a sincere desire to arrive at truth) 



al rvuiii.lries) ri:Cii|;rii.-;-d n- i. 
rful manure. They may b 
■cry kind of crop, bnt rnor. 
v.ini; fur jjriiij laudj, and 



GOLDEN-GATE 
KT XT It S 3E3 H. "X - . 

Con.tr ot FtonrU. and K,*™ otrcc 

■^^k SAN fSUNCISCO. 

11ABDT EVERGREEN SHRUBBERY, 
GREEN-nOOSE PLANTS, 
EVERGREES CLIMBISG TIJfES, 

S, in 250 varieties, including fine standard], 
DAHLIAS, FUCHSIAS, CARNATIOHS, 

Flotverlnc; Flanlft for the Garden, 



ith pines [a species 
rcept near tho sandy b 



a Carlos. Thcro wero 



ss; 



leaf 


pi:-nlnlnv 














wings warauo 










ynks 
hfacjk 




pine-tree 




flesh, meat 


toort 


nam* nepey 



Zanauayu of ike Bilaet and Bmuima, mar Jfr 
rsy, Tnttn/rcm H e p^w „f ,4. Sulil oaJ Mi, 
no, in 1192, orjuitoMuf at Madrid, in 180J. 



mentionad in lho haadwriting of Padre Junipcro, 

bis i:ciliipuii in 11 1'udru CrcVL-pi, and 111.- liio^n.[.liCr 

Padro Poloo. 

In 17?!, the Mission was moved to the Orillas 

del Riu Carraelo (margin or banks of the river 
j-armclo), and it then became known as the Mission 
)f Son Carina Boromeo del Carmclo do Monterey, 
n the words of oneof the priests. Their neophytes 

rii-iuily up mid down tbe river and tliroui'limit tli. 
mouotnins near by. Four leagues [twelve mllea 
southeast or the Mission, inside the bills eastward 
was the rancberia of Eehilat, called San Fiancia 
quite. Eslonagon was one ou tho eas( side of (h. 
river and Ecgcngon was nnothcr; another wo 
lehenlaoc San Jose; another Xaaeum intboSierm 
ten leagues from Carmclo; that of Pachhepe 
icioity of Xnsonm, among thcEaeelleni 
That of the Sargcnta rukoa was seven lengue 
rath and east of the river In a Canaditu de Pal 
Dlorado, and was very populoos. The ranchcri 
per it of the Eacellens was named by the nrluh 



cajala 



pek 

julep kappes 

jamajus nliiiint 

I., i.j.ij. 1,-ila hnli-Iin 

pcqnealnoal hikli-shnk 
julep-juli.nai kapknniai-n 
jiil..j.-ji...knnl ollgmal-i 
jimiiijti.j-jiiiiluu.iiv.iLkk.! 
torooila torn chat; 



large 




lahoc 


fx-uis, i.i t iii(,H, (jii.iV.ui,; 
































light 


toroanls-ashl 
jetia 


orpctuei-lahmco 


ntcd a great ninny neopliy 



as for os Naliridnd and San 

juntry round Soledod mission, 
septs nnd ra.icherios, often re- 
Mhcir camps for food or game 
nverso ur hold idiomatic. 00 
each other; nevertheless tb 
larrels and fights. They ui 



ustar.1 



ley i 



itedly 



CV.7T 


n 


wand 


then 


ash 




iSCOFC 


ed 












■iacl,. 
















































id or 


(Jlav 




































,1m 




, IlilllM 
















atom 


ng Go 






'!", 








*■ 


n Ma 


, nur. 


the 





aClar 



Tbcli 



called Cojyo, Vampos, Fyoles, Kanneqnf, Joppa- 

y., n . Uili.„i Sj ,.„.] Viin,,,,,!,. ]->„ ra nil, V,,,' !, rv 

- "*.th February 1702, as many .0 ,-,-,. „ (v _,, .' u 

irts wcrt baptized ol the E'naenesor Bseeleoes 

of which were from tbe rnncberios Triwta| 



..n.li.ri-.i in 

ii'j.i, Vu.ii.,niignn, Ejlan 
r.v.ir.li fnii Antonio, are 
■:|.l-; "r [i.a.ili.rn.j. A;[, L - 
i.; in *'ik.)utl vicinity. 
Tii-~ iri.-..ri.nriilL:i. ruacl 



oily of 



llfolt— It will bo aoer. that tboso Ittm,! 
Romsen words are very aimilor to those or tho 
Canoolo Eslenea, set dowa la tbe Vocobalory 
givco to me la IB5G, while they ftr0 very differ! 
ent to thoio of tho Ensenes. I have never mel with 
any of the Romsenei of Monterey town, and sus- 
pect that the old ones hove mostly died off. At 






l-lll.l.l Ml! 



lo Baset 
.ncayas 
Ilia, An I... 



unacaui, and all 1 

! 1111. 1 lue finllaas. In December 1182 
naplired t>venty-ooe of th™ KatLcn- 



Ulclns, Huaclanchl, Hi 



lou, Obloqoio, 

Eloye, Alcason, liuLusemn, 
reainp, Teyoqnc, Echic'oy, 



1, by sea, he lor,!: will, ],;,„ „ Culifiiriih, 
iy of Cormelj Misilon, fifi.cn years ( 
ln.-h.ul l.!.|,li.:,(l l.y [lie iiiiinr.irjii.inEv 
..Tliinf,,,, fruit oftb,.,,,,| nftlL,. F, 
.' it; AH., fali^rni,, visiblo in Mexico, . 
"'-I '■Hi' iif n I'.Ti.inliii I,.,- "|-:i 8-iV,r 
*— ibispodoMejico;" 



a hiLfll .illili! 



) Doo 






«„i ,. - , r r^" h ^">.™ vi nit- euLi.eorai. 
noted by Jualpero on his rotorii to California 

of 3 A^ ,l C B r i|f 0r n[a n,lll0na M ^ "^ flr " Ciih ' 

Gov. Itomcu in no 2 is notfd Bs Goihtbn to 
of the new christians with tho addition that be 
Jo"efa T So°nd™rB i ' 1 " Spal "' ""^ hi3 Bire ' D ° 
mother. Vu\hl*famo "uTK. to™*^*™ 
colonel (afterwards Governor) p E dro Pages" T; 

iah rrontlers and as rongli asTheorwao'nienfio 
ed a. Godfather, and hi? wlfc Eul"'a wS X 
the old follow had a graod qaarrel noda lonimc 
aratlon) as Godmother. The names of many 
(he Spanish naval officers acting 00 this coast b 
twoen mo and laoo often occur as God-fathers 



;.'.!■:;„ 



.riesaf.cr 177:. 
:iling of Pad 



1 until aRcr Pndre .lunlnoro"! 
death In Scptei.il.,1,, ,-,-„., .„.„.„ 1,.. . H ,„. m - ,, ,", 
"I 1 ' ,br " 11 ) : 'f'.'-r 'left ll'ir Meiier," r'itv nnu w!u 



aciican 



. iili marked benefit, 



ig qualities to it. Besides all this, they pUB- 
great capacity for absorbing moisture fron 
imoapbero aod holding it for the use of grow- 
inn; plants. 

There, friend, that will do for the present. I 



inrim.nili.il, 


(,ati...fv vi.iir.-eir. Gather 




i.-i.'ti Ivini; around yom 




.L.mnl, iiii.JLjlilly ..l.j.-.:t. 






the two hurt 


5 nod i,n, ,,.«■ v.lii.l, 1!, 


the little wc 








Kged (be ,1, 


ii animal, there. Per- 



Apply sume 
rate of thirty 
hat sickly look 



any left, put them 
beat ground, and v. 
inrc tbo pai-u lo w 
.ecu applied with t 



will render them mora 
pa to which you apply 
i labor of crushln lb cm 
' and Gurd. 



ing hones for us 
iodlly avai labia b 

-[E. R., In l'hila 



uuly once by 3onic other lin. .| the 
.:n-,ir>ri„llv .Ili.iv ,. !,,ntl..i, t v ... tewrl 
to the foreign breed Tor many gene 



s tvus formerly r 
;o tha contrary, tr. 



Icncr soya t 



it, under uukno'i 
ascend coy .— [JJ, 

In tho Cottage Gl 

■ f soft 



.■htu'r'in^ud wTo^UW 30 ', ™v*° 






1'linl-: 



rafully packed for 



METEBY. 

orroreipnt. 



AUCTION SALE 

JOHN C.BELL'S, 

OOTJUT BX.OOB: 

CARPETS, 

OIL, CLOTHS, 
WINDOW SHADES, ETC. 

I SUALL CONTINUE TO SELL MY 9TC 

'l li..!.:.'ii-y C.....I-. .'.t .]!,., (■,,„-■! .v -..-'. 1. ... Tr.,.-, I,.r 

!-. ,.,Y,u," ■i.'rt'ii'ii'.i'i- ' .\\.x'nu;l','To a^i^°wa 
™ itjlci Hjirius Goodi 



i Upbtjblcjy Wan 



MAIN & WINCHESTER. 

te .odlroportecnr &A 

" HARNESS, ^* 

S addles, Bi idUcB' 

I WHIPS, COLLARS, 
SADDLE-WARE, &C 

No. S2 Battery street, 



5, nod LASIIES.oflho 



LAWRENCE & HOUSEWORTHt 

OPTICIA.3STS 

No, 117 Clay Street, 



GOID, SILVER, AND STB* 1 
S ^ o o t a, o 1 o s s 

With lho best quality of Olaao., aad tho coHo* 1 * 

* BRAZILIAN PEBBLES. 

STKfiEoaCOPES AND V1KWS, BW. 

Pooket-knives, Razors, SoiBsors, *^ 

nM 1?* d flLdS SE3 Sited to Frame*, and V£?<V' 



J. D. ARTHUR & SON. 

AGRICULTURAL ST0B& 



PITTS' & HALLS' THRASHER 8 ' 

BOSTON STEEL CUPPER PLOW 8 " 

rio™ Harro-s, Cnltlrators, an.in.tra.lKA &»£ 

.-.iii.h., lt.T:.i...iV;,-.l[,, v .,,,|. c ..II,r; 1J |,er..,(i>r tf uV f . 
HiRROWB, BBOTBI.9, OHIKIISTOIIES, »' 

Nos. 3, 4, and 6, WoaoinBtoa strert 

Bot« Mn Daili and From, [!1J SAX i'RJ'' 1 '"" 




THE CALIPOBNIA FAEMEE^ 



67 



TIOMK IUIIGI1T AND PLEASANT. 










M> bulldiai; ahowy cannilon— 












..■<■■■ rinnriiMplM- 




























On I' 


rolforeaebbuutry am. 






UlloFtY, <wrllln B tltlw— 










«...,« u 






























Flo- 






E«k lo 


in.y-- ;, r -it II. n" moll lnT*Ij, 




























Wbi - 


i .:'.(.- will linger, 



MRS. ANNIE L. AVERY, 
HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN, 

Residence, Z4B Faoifio BtroBtP»o door. froo> Biociio. 



A Silver Pitcher Given to a Foimor. 

Swobb-, gold-beaded canes, plate anil ntbcr tea. 

limoiiii.l ■ uf gratitude and respect, nave been pre- 



could, 



>utio the 
Ihnl fa,nnIn E may bi 

In'- rip crimen is i» thi 
tiki math bv thcsloi 



-drain*. Finding that 



> of Sew York, In am 
llth of December [nil 
il New-Yorker, in replj 
fstetn of "high feeding,' 

rith more certainty ca). 

are ago, and I can lafel; 



Iroduf- iniiitori-uicnH in the rolllvallon or the 
»eil, and lo admit tbcni to rank among ilio bene- 
&etora ijf ttie race. 

The Tribune gives the following dcJcriplion ol 

■^Tbe leilimonLal conHils of n maisivc silrcr 

frrnved and erobosecd appropriate agricultural i 

a. reaping I ■ - 1 -J as it appear* ' 



tbel 



iripllou 



and tl 



--■,,:•! .-,.(( 



:.| go.' I...: lion rail, aad polling steadily and 
f. Dcn'i be troubled about blio, for ho will 
» wubout fait elU-t lie bai discovered how 
ioif "gal him." Tail method will nlso c 
a animal U »L.nd still and allow a hrldli 



mnaUr.: Air. D*£ K«reUe/W.icr aadE l«- 
h> ondenroad. bal lis rrm-Ll ■ 

iIKpemdlug elaoDit widen c«n be uinl u II 

■ ■.!:- i'T-il ■-■:!■ . ■ ■ ■ 



[p- una WAItftKH mile mm I 



Galvanic Batteries and Medical Works. 



ivm. you not semj the 
CALIFORNIA FARMER 

ABROAD! 

>cll u • real and lulls; benefit, o|^a Ittlr kindred tod 



. Ucirlii amr, wilh Lb 



NURSERY BUSINESS. &c 



J. IR. IR-A. Y, 

SEED AND NURSERY DEPOT, 

No. 106 J STREET, 

SACRAMENTO, 

TTAS IN HIS NURSERY, SUBJECT TO IIIEm 
- - order of e.Dod cash cmtomon, tho most uiien-S2 
■awrtment of 

TREES, SHKUBBEBRY, AND VINES. 



To bo foaod Id tho Stat. 
Almond, 



■If fine of every "variety or 

Mulberry, 

Nectarine, 



Apple, 
Apricot, 
Blackberry, Pear, 

CLerrr, Plnm, 

Fig, Strawberry, 

Gooseberry, Quince, 

Grape, Raspberry, 

ulde a good Heck cf SHRUBBERY and SEA 
TltEES. for btiotifjioj bomts. 

3 2 £ g g 3S 

Samplae, compriiiac a faw ihoojand troea, may 



SHADE TREES, 

Per(alotbb(eoaon,eonillttnj;or— 

10,000 Locnrt Trees, 
1,000 China Trees, 

Lombardy Poplar, 
Mountain Aah, 

Magnolia Acuminata, 

Toiethor with 



Maple, 
tnd other Erorgraons- 
The Loeofta an cet 



gives* tl 
former. II. 



, F cut i mm. — An 



olT three pnteliei in a ctoTer- 
cU, ■:■! ii '.-.iiiniriiiig one rod of ground. The 
rat nroduced M pouodl uf clorer, cut In fall 
" iii applied four nuarl* of 



11 weijbed Bfly-fonrpDanda. I 
ind wiihout anylblag gayc 678 
loter an acre; with coal eahe! 
d wllb plailer, B,6-lu pound: 



Ecosokt or [itiso SniDOiiii!.— ■ Irrinj oied lo 

looariiri nl-o iirept chimnni fur a livir,.- : i,,„., 
a cord « Q ocd the occk of the bird <a u not lo 
choke ii loo tuddenly, and ibin drawing il a p 
nnddocn ib, diioinor. ao that the llntttr of tbu 
o Ibe sweeping. The 

innter, bold him op by 
lecrachaor b la feet, to 
og aomc of bla augar. 



old.atra.lrtt ani 
lTr»linhlrtt- 



...,....:! 



SEED. PLANTS, to. 



To the Seed Trade, 

g) nAYrKQ TUB LARGEST ASD" MOST EX- 






:of 



S 33 E 33 9 

,ad harieitlor In the Colon, we am I 
pared Id inppl, Dealereen tba moat farorablii lornu 

Our American Scedi 

n nllh ft" tic* pilous raiied under our own Immodi 
ipanlViw, and no can «arrant tbeta u Flr.t-el.ai 

Dulcti Unliiti'i- Rootn, 



ZJjraeuifAa, Tulip j, 
tVoeiu, 

In r 



JWy.n 



I mutm RN & CO., 

re nan and Importert or Beedi, 

IS John street, 



New York Seed Warehouse, 

Ifo. 11 M ASSUME STREET, 

SAN FRANCISCO. 
C. L. KELLOGG 6s 0O. : 

Garden, Fiower, Frait and Tree Seeds 

HJIVB FOI1 SALE, OF l.ATE IMPOnTATIOH, • lz,r B 
,.- .„„„,.,:,.:■ ,,.,-,- ,|...„..1,|.. ,,,,„ ,,J.| --.-.I-. M..I .„ 

I. I ■ il. nf.-.l .T..1..T ■ lr. 'I .- l-'-i.;. .(i -l. l-i i.nJ t.j|.i|;. 

-r,l <n. I- ..■!.. I ..ii ■.. l-i..: in.- 1- li.i-li Llii'l 
[iDTljr F1IH.IMIUS IllHIT.'i 
Al.KALFA. bum.nF [h.ilfllr>llraoort.lJijn; 
HirMillllAfJ illtAUS; 



TOBAOCO. 



GARDEN AND AGRICULTURAL 

SEED WAREHOUSE, 



■igrfi TO TUE SEED TRADE. *gT 

We bare Ibe largen and moil rnricd assortment ol 

FRESH FIELD AND GARDEN SEEES, 



ALFALFA or Chile Clover Seed, Pun* ; 

Bed Uluvtr ; Tiumlhy Urasii ; Red -top Grass] 
Ky. Rluo Gnua ; Hungarian Grata f 
Jllllel; Orchnrd OrniB ; %e Gnu. 

Gardan Sacda, 

ClUbogc, Turnip, Carrol, Beet, Oolon 

Lettuce, ItadUn, Meloe, Cuumlnr. 

ToDUIo, cquaUi, P^aalp, ma 



Boxea of 100 Paper*— Pot up u, ounolrc, awi-ricd, foi 

A UtKial dkemial rnado to' lie T™lo- 
Yo bavo all kinds uf TltEES nnd PLANTS, 




SEEDS! SEEDS! 

Tbo ..-.'..=- ii-o SEES DEPARTMENT coaUlna a 

FOR THE GARDEN. FIELD, FOREST ft NURSERY, 
Kttbar from tba bat mod -crow en In the eoantty. or 

HopYtnee, Ebufcirb Rootf, Aspitigria Plaota, Grape 

CntUDgi, Dahlia Boeta, 
And Enntblac appartaioiac: to tbo Seed and Knrairy 

UTICllOKEj, CIH-FAS-artklei daunlnf apeclal 



Seed w nroliouso 1 

(ESTABLI8HSD IK I-'",, 

S. W. MOORE, 

Ho. 110 California it, between M a n t g t> mery&Banaoma, 
3 AH MAKCISCO, 

ZnCHElS'-QAEIlEM', FIELD, FLOWEE, 
FRUIT AND TREE SEEDS 

IN CALIFORNIA, IN0LODING 

20,0001bs. Pare Alfalfa or Chili Clover Beed, 
of the nr.w cnop. 



TboA(o>U..t Will.. K.rjr, .■-■ €„ .', nr.:i f'r^rmia & Co.'. 
ltoodlouUri(.irJ.-|» Ii. r .-...I. r.1,1 (. . ■ |[ «„,; |..,'i!,.- ,„,„.'. 
rii.[. ... I ..- ,;-,.. I ,.i.,, r ,r..m,illr .llriiilnl 1 .. A lili^rm] MF. 

'■■'... I .■ • ■ ;...'l 



HOP ROOTS. 



Tii'i.-:i; nr.-ifii;;n n.i i:sg.mii: h. ibn ioerailt„ 
bu.lcew-llljl- i|"LIi:i:i; no* .-;rilio S k mnch 
" ibbed «iib wJ. vii-..,,.u- n.i., ,| 



CHUFAS 

OR 

Eartii-Alinoncls! 

M> Foandl ol C11UFAS or EaATU.ALalOKDB, [or ulo by 

S. W. MOORE, 

*at Beed Warehouae, UO Calirorola itrut. 




TO THE AGRICULTURAL PUBLIC: 



j baaatlifactory lohl) 



TRE SDBSCR1BER DESIRES TO EXPRESS TO HIS FRIENDS AND PATRONS, I1IS lYARi 

ad unreaerTid lhanka Tor their Vin 1 and mueh-neodod mp»rt dnilnr tbo paat jea 

loet langnlna eipecUtlooJ, and wbleb be hope* to retain by panning auuh a eoura* 
Pnlroia and honorable lo hlmaeir. 

In desirea therefore to coll their attention to a list of aomo of tho lendinij article! which ho «1U 
offer foe sale foe 1B00: 

PITTS' GENUTJTE BUFFALO THEASHER, B and 10 homo-power, with on utinehmcnt fo 

ueaaurluic and rcgiatoilag tho number of bnibolalbroahod, and bagnlug tbo grab. 
C. Bf. Russell'* Blosiilllon, Olilo, TliraBUer, 3 nnd 10 horso-powiir. 
Rail's Celebrated Canton, Ohio, do S and 10 do 

Tlie Albaor, Sew York, do 1 nod 2 ■ do 

The above Machines were Made Expressly lo Order fur the California Market. 

Alao, bnra an hand, 01110 Coitlnta, Draport, RlaTolan, Cjllodor Taalh, Ac, Ae, or all Ibe aboil maehlnoa. 

THE CALIFORNIA COMBINED REAPER AND MOWER! 

To which wai awarded tbn FIRST PREMIUM over tbo New York Rcn|.er, on trial ns Combing 
Reaper and Mower, at tbo Alameda Coan, Aciiculloral Fair, beld <n Jnno lait. Alao, tbo lame award waa mBe 
State Fair.hold at SKiamcolo.ia September laal; and at tho Santa Clara County Fair, bold In Sao Join, m 



alio called lo a notice given ll, t 



members of the Stale 



PECK'S HEADER AND HARVESTER ! 

, which was also awarded the FIRST PREM1DM nl tbo Statu Fair, and at Iho Santa Clnra County 
With tho eiporlcnee of tbo put Mieon, tbli machine Ii an implored aa to bo, without question, 

Tlie "Very 3B©st 3ara.i"«r©i3t©r ±n Use. 

SICKLE SECTION'S. 

SICKLE SECTIONS for McCORMICK'S, MOSSEY'S, BORRILL'S, SEYMOUR A MORGAN'S, 
PALMER & WILLIAMS', and MAKNrS (with Wood's Improvement) REAPERS. Also— 
EXTHA CASTINGS AND BRASS BOXES FOIt THE ABOVE MACHINES. 



33C O H. S 33 



S . 



WHITE'S PATENT STEEL-TOOTHED BUGGY HORSE BAKE; 
WILCOX'S REVOLVING HAY RAKES, 8, 10 and 12 faot 

BUYER'S FARM MILLS, for Feed, Corn Monl or Flour; requiring but two-horso 
power. Tho cheapest farm mill in USD. 

PREMIUM FANNING MILLS, of oar own mnke and the best imported. • 

INGERSOLL'S PATENT HAY PRESSES, 

GRANT'S GRAPE-VINE GRAIN CRADLES. 

KIMBALL'S PATENT SCYTHES and SNATHS, notched heels; tbo very best pat- 

HAY FORKS. BARLEY FORKS, both steal and wood. 

WILCOX'S THBEE-BOWED HAND RAKES. 

HOVEY'S HAY CUTTERS, nil olios. 

RUBBER BELTING, all widths. 

MONKEY WRENCHES. 

GARDES HOES nod RAKES. 

SKELETON CLOD-CRUSHER OR FIELD ROLLER (bon 

GRINDSTONES, all siws. 

PATENT ATMOSPHERIC CHURNS ; tbo bost churn ii 

CHEESE PRESSES, eolf-aoling (homo mnuufaoturo). 

LACE LEATHER; LUBRICATING MACHINE OIL. 

LILLIE'S CHILLED IRON SAFES. 

EXTRA POWERS, 1, 2. 4, 6, 8 and 10 Homo. 

EXTRA TRUCKS nnd EXTRA LEVERS. 

B3T REPAIRING DONE ON SHORT NOTICE, "ffia 

J. S. HARBISON'S PATENT BEE-HIVES, which took the FIRST PREMllTM 
at the Stato Fair, and whieli Is tho very beat bee-hlvo In use, are for sale; and, also, persons 
wishing to manufacture these Uives can purchase tbo Right uf us. 

THOS. OGG SHAW, 

33 SACRAMENTO STREET, 
San Francisco. 

Bt, the undersigned, members of tho Stato Agricultural Society of California, have seen and eiamtued Ibo 
nawly improved CALIFORNIA COMIIISEU REAI'Elt AND MOWER, manufactured by THOMAS 000 6LTAW, 
of San FraucLico, California, for which a palonl baa been applied fur; and. In oar Judrrmiat, wo consider ll one of 



i manufacture). 
I (homo manufacture). 



GRAVES & WILLIAMS, 

FRUIT 



GENERAL C0HHI88ION MERCHANTS, 

Oppwllo WaanlajUlu KaitoL BAH FltAHClBCO. 



ho tannine enntaun 


y la. il H pa 


-elraCallromlalnrootl 


njtbl. m.eb 


no, aa one of tbo bait Combined Beac 


aDdaloxerannwlnn 




ii many decided and ta 






BA«Kii»!rce> Ja 










John G. Downey, 




0. L Hnlehlmon, 




0. 0, Wheeler. 






a Aa. SoeWy. 


Cor. Bee. CaL Bum if Sodety. 


A. H. Myers, 




Col. Wancn, 




W. WadaworUi, 


FroUdtot AC. AsTkultaral Sad 


ly. Edllor C.Uondl 






Wn. Rufoa Langl 


<i 






Joa. S. Sllior, 


S. B. Crook «, 




n. it. ii on, too, 




Tbotuaa Uayol, 


Elam Carrla E mn, 




Bd. Davis, 




Wilson Flint, 


M. F. Butler, 




J. P. Moloblor, 




A. Johnson, 


A B. Hill, 




Jaa. Hanorth, 




An emu. Darlaon, 


E. A. Manb, 




Joi. Uarrla, 




R. Gibbooi, 


Cbarlea B. Cooloy, 




J. Form an, 




Chariot J. Collloi, 


C. S. Lorell, 




P. A. MuRao, 




II. 0. Murrlgo, 


R, D. Woodward, 




W. II. Park., 




Jos. II. NeviU, 


Bernard g. Foi, 




J. R. Vallla 




John R. linger*, 


Jos. Lou tell, 




J. Morrill, 






B. F. alauldto, 




Win. Itabo, 






W. W. Light, 




Jacob L-iewla, 




J. C. Darls, 


Fred Woodward, 




Joe. Ktoponitlna, 




J. B, Harbison, 


T. 0. Phelpa, 




B. It. Crocker, 




Obailos Zoltlnr. 


Joan A Salt, 




0. 0. Junks, 




!* 



68 



TECS CALIPOENI A . FARMER. 



&]» ®alifcuia pmti. 



Lstthbs nv OrsnLASD Malt.— Will nut fri-iul 
In tho old Sl«IM plMwwriHo, by lh-Ov«rrl.Lii.! ll:>i 
u oikn as coarcnisnL II e rcatly facilitates our plans. 

ODBSEIVBS-A SPECIAL NOTICE. 

Tbk ondsnignwii tie original and present Editi 

uj Prvpriclor of i1>.! r.u.irunM.-. ! M'« m,. Io.I,' till. 
umq 1° uL iho public not to mi,u.l:o bi? mui ft 

i C ,il,.|. n. i,._ 1. i.- l .ii..-n Winv: tin, 1'oWic. listing a 
WOJ« t*tn fcnoiyn nod mldrt.-n-J l.y in-my ftuflf t 
G,!.,*tt VT.invn, nil. I -vl.l.im liv III? in ill -il It'.l.r-. bij liii 
adopted Ultl in ill his bmin^r, fur l.rovLly :;ik':. o/:i. 

But ummi'VBry ■■ T-i-.-u ■■ iiiijlib:? b,.iv j. ■ -oily ..tcuri-. 



ub.uiJ 
he refers 



r Lcgi 



npplic 



Every Oood Enterprise 
opening (be B. 

:B COMPANIES, B 



DUDE, ClTt RAtLBOiDS, 

generous dan ali an to every bi 
in the State, we ask (htm ic 
(o forget that (bcre are many industrial 
prises appertaining to individual oierlions L' 
jaand (heir must failhfnl notice. 
•We mean those enterprises that go dire 
build op nor Stale, to give it more perroanc 



Iftbe noble Dnahnways labor to redeem fallci 
man, whose energies of both body and mind ban 
become destroyed or pnraliied, Ihey deserve thi 
gratitude of the Stnto, and should bo cncoorageil 
ontd otherwise rui 



labor ti 






of o 



bit" 



0, they 



nould bi 



e deep," 
aided 



> dwell 



for It it a Godly w 
nrc laboriag oo shore to raise an 
those products thai loud with foil fr 
tand ships— eball not those who 
Wool and Wise have encourngon; 



their i 



Ik? 



Wcmynyel and nye again I And we as 
that kind of legislation that ihall be ampreht 
continuous, vue, literal and parent-like. 

Wo ask onr Legislature to take cogniian 
our agricnltural, onr mechanical and tnanofa 
ing interests. Examine each and all of them 
look into their wants and necessities and It 
helping band where most needed. 
" We saw epon tbe list of committees, it 
Stottc and Assembly, when we visited the t 
» Committee on Agriculture, a Committee on 



JJoww 



■elbori 



i on Heel 



igricnlture of Galiforn 


that demand invest' 


lion by meb a cotnmltte 


? Are there not ttaoo 






wnndcrfally they bavo 




without a kind word c 




ment. Tbe mechanics 




like Iho others, left Rim 




Shonld tbe deiegitio 


lwail for petition, on M 






to bs supposed tbat il i 


the doty of o. LcgiilMu 



always believed that n legislnti 



ved. Thos it win in the , 
de them be. 



Cola ales, and 
protection an 
with oppressive teie 

Those who make i 
eye to their prnclic. 
turn of California, 
great and wonderful 



id or burdening tbe) 
o glorious States thi 



studied the 
'lily of tbi! 



in all these in 
would have bee 
treasury of lb 



to have encouraged tb 

been tea years further 

tertsts than she aow u 

millions in valae adri 

State; nrc, bet yearly 

doubled. But we oak, what have California Le~gi! 

lattices done for the farmer, io either of the grcr 

•done to encourage grain-growing, (he planters ( 
*rel.arfr , vineyards, What ha. been dene t 
encourage the importers of fine Bloct in[0 lu 



; fori 



ic-growlng, by relieving tbo vineyards 
in, but for wise legislation, it should have 
ind embraced all Rtc.it inter.-;!;* 
irtial. Tho importer of blood itirk 
mpl from such taxations for years, 
I planter of a riniyad, nnd every net 
should be comprehensive and just, 

lie nf tho State, instead of receiving 
clion, io cramped and cl. ■;-.-■ il will, 
io ordinary kind 



to the 
r for hi; 



bliged to pay a 

Co cannot use his talent without paying fur it; 

ndif be pays, and shows tbo world itadj be can 

robe can soli "the work of bis hands!" In all 
ranches of oar mechanic arts, aod in tin 



A Hosusant Hour on Board tho Powbnttan, 

It was our pleasure during tho brief slay of the 
United States steamer Powbatlan, to accept tbo 
invitntian of a friend to visit tlrls war-steamer, 
tbnl we might pay our respects to tboso who 
represent our Government in military marine, nnd 
nlsn to see tho ambassadors of a nation tbnl bavo 
been as it were excluded heretofore from Iho 
world. But our direct object was to pay our re- 
spects to Ibo Ror. II. Wood, ohttplsia of Ibc 
steamer, who lormcrly wielded the cililnriul [■■ ; 



nppre! 






It ia the: 



'Homes ' 


and < 


will built 




hat these 




oat of th 




best men 




Had tbe Lcgi 



;, taken hold of tbo i 



indies would sing tl 



.old h 



ong of joy nnd praise npon those legislators 
labored fur tho country's good. 
:nrs hate passed, aod nothing done. Party 
lions and party bills have engrossed Ibo time 
ir legislators. Party questions and interests 
stained the balls of legislation with blood, 
; tbn treasury has been, and will be depleted, 

filled with criminals tbat neglectful and unwise 

otc thot wherever great, grand and liberal laws 
ive been made to encourage the great industrial 
terests of a State, there is less crime and pau- 
irism, less poverty nnd suffering. 

ill, of wham we hope there are not a few in our 
esent Legislature, give this subject thought, aod 
do whot can be done, even in (he few remaining 

Tho Overland Mail of tho 9th and 16th. 
notJOH thia mighty cnterpriio has always 
i a lively interest among our citizens, who 
illylng all over tbo State to its support, the 
stages of tbe 9th nnd tbe 161b created an unusual 
Interest, as those who were passengers were (hose 
rrbo left our State on high and important minions, 
connected both with tbe political and religions 
ntercsts of California. On Iho 3th the singe 
lore away (he Delegates to tbo gTcnt Republican 
Convention ono or whom was D. J. Staples, 
isn.., of Staples' Ranch. We were present nt the 
leparture of tho stage of tbe 9th, not as a polili- 



tlllll] 






led off for 



art as Delegates lo any Convention; f< 
broad they will he sure to keep In mind 
iterest of Agriculture. A large numbe 
-lends of each Delegate were aresent 
then tbat left, nnd at U 

nles aod their mission, and D. J. Staples' n 
inde tbo Plain echo with manyatoud buzia; 
ell is be wnrtby of it, for few men only wh't 
ieatlfied with politics are so troly independet 

Aside from Ihc question of Politics we bid 
-lend god-speed. We know his lips will sci 
nod words for California, wherever he shall j 

On'thn 10th tbo ,ta E e went foil again. An 



» ltov. Dr. 



who goes on his mission for the cnose of Religion 
He goes as the Representative of the Presbyterla. 
Cburch of California. Many others were posscn 
gcrs, all us It appears, bent nn great purposes. 
May a pleasant trip, good health, prosperou 






other 



What to 



bos onr Legislature done to redeem lb 

e lands? What to plant limber tree 

eocontage tho growing of tea, coffee, si 

•— '""""price or tobacco? What to Indncc tl 

e>ow,ng Q[hFmp , wtBlt0 BWtt j. gD ttttcutiQiil 

the ror,n e of silk-worms, and the manufacturl, 

True . luml it*' t J ' liWra " J a ° lKa * ' D0U " B ' 
True, . little (bought »„ gi.en las. , [ot , - lU[ 



(long h 



J health n 



or ownjrospero 
Ssen-Sionu r 



I safety to (heir at 
a largo eoncour 
s a happy (ime. Each 

wis and prosperity of 



cngBged In (ho eeed-(r 



■I di.j ,., 



elling largely. 

IV. R. Strung, 
old nearly tbn 
'ears. Of (he Sugar-beet, Carrel, n 
or feed, (be sales bava been large 
*lll"bo prepared to do a largo ftait t 
ner. Persons having froit to sell ■ 



bliabcd in January 1 
indeed been tbe million 
lora first lonebed our 



r IViv.-h.Ktiin, and looked 






i„,l!...:. 






visit was deeply ir 
By the kind cou 
every part of tbo ship, and saw nmbassat 
first rank and ambassadors of the lower t 
saw the trophies nnd presents of that c 



c felt i 



.■,-LMll*,, 



1, officer 


than the American navy 




2800 tuos steamer, fine 


rongly h 


uilt, with a very powerful 


great c 


it, tbe boilers being o 


ho engio 


e and engine room being 







Groat Sals of Da von Cattle*. 

Tat great sale of purejlevon Cnltlo which bad 
been heralded in tbo newspapers of this State for 
some time past, enmo off yesterday ol twelve 
o'clock, u., as advertised, at the Dhickhawk Stable, 
on Pino street. Tbo attendance was large, abaot 
four hundred persons present, but not 80 ninny 
porchosers as tee hoped lo bare seen, for (ho 
bcocfil of tba eatetprlsiog impottcr. Tho prices 
ruled low— only realising about ono- half what 

Tho aainols showed well. They appeared small 
compared with tbo Durham, to those who were 
not acquainted with this slock. The following are 
tbe animals sold nnd Ihc prices for them, with the 



Devon Bull Emigrant, calved Jim 

purchased by J. W. Osborn, If. 

Bull Wynndottc,;jr., calved Mnr 

Cow .Ivnnj- Lind, 13 y. 



put 

Ik-il'tr Vitliiriil M, 'J i-. ilr. ..I.l.j.iir.. 

W.J. Whiting 

11-ilVr Citli.Tirif ::,!. 1 v<-.ir, ,,.m,. I, 
ll.i|.,r l.-i.h- lib, I year, J. W. Osbi 
""' 1 year, Reynolds, 



Clnr 



., J. W. Osbor 



b:id transferred. We e: 



failure, wo 
■Hand Mail 



and great In its 
"BottcrrJrld Ov 

abadawed ant! eclipsed it, boiug ii 
enttrpriit. To this Is now added tho "Ponj Ki. 
press," wbiob, when wo consider it in a 
logs, wo can in fact claim it as tho migl 
for, by its results wc can bo almost ct 
more rapid advancement in tho success of the Pa- 
ciflc Railroad, and by that too, the filing tbe Oru 
Ctntral Realc for it. This great nnd momentou 
work when once under way, will revolulioniie tb 
grent mercantile machinery of tbn world. Tb 
Overland Mail nnd the Pony Express aro both lb 
rgy. California brongbt 



i-.LlirV. 



icing. Clifor. 



the full moturitj 


of successful euter[ 


ise 


. It was 


our pleasure to 


c in Sacrameato w 


en 


ho news 


-cached there of the Pony's success, a 


nd 




tho enthusiasm 


r tin.' citb.ens. Almost 


instantly 


it was resolved 




ft 


nersl A. 


licdington, the 


worthy agent of tbo 


ate 


am rfnvi- 


gntion Company 


moved in the motto 


wi 


b his ac- 


customed seal, a 


nd was readily sup, 


orted by tbe 


:itiicos. It w 


ns determined that 




avalcade 


sbouldgoont to 


meet tho "Pony." 


To 


thin end, 


.ho "Huzinrs," 




rse 


together 


with some fifty t 


f the citUens, mono 


ed 


nd went 










decorating the 


stores nnd dwell 


nga 


along J 


street. Pings a 


id streamers gaily floated to Ihe 


breeze, while tb 


uli.M?n.' Ii'.'iu i.j u'.'tb.. 


by hun- 




nds. The Ponj wi 


te 


egrapbed 


at Plncervillo n 


a o'clock p. u. Notice 


was given 


that tbo lUamer 


would be delayed til 


^ 


'clock r. 




efforts were joined to 




:o a good 


demonstration. 


J street looked lib 


a a 


gala day. 


[■ops of stores n 


d bouses, balconies, 


ant 


tbe side- 


walks, were lit 


rally crowded with 


cit 


sens, all 


ooking up strce 


for tho coming "nv 


nt 


courier." 


tarely have we 








husiosm. It w 


aa really California 


. 


\fler pa- 


icntly waiting s 


onto twn or three ho 


v;, 


it twenty 






started tbe 


pent-up reelings 


of tho crowd. Sbon 


; after shout 


followed, nnd er 


Ibo third gun, from the 




if J slreet rose 


ie tbi,:k column of 




, told of 


he coming "Pony." Rarely have 




ena wit- 



and sends a boll 



mbcr of officers nnd men including ei 
I suite, Is about four hundred souls. 



can kill the largest animals, t 
throngb n man. Wo saw tbcit 
many of them really beautiful 



Thch 



i of Japanese wear t 
tbers wear only one; a Japanese will 
ir dress and two swords dangling o 
>oka most singular to nn American. 

Tho deck of the Powhatian preion 
ingolor features ever seen on board t 
teniners; tbowholo form, and plan, a 

boot, would be a 



rowo, and tbt 
re gathering ft 



orthyanarti 
irvisltsped rapidly,!, 



and front whom wo ret 
a map of the city of Jed 



a prosperous voyage, u 
glorious benefit of the 



bassyaglarious 
vo tho great nnd 
omtnerco of this 



i:; 4 "^"wS: wei'i" z 

1B "77I " Woot -W* are reqocsted lo ask if 
there is lo bo any monopoly in tho wool trade tbe 
pre«e„t JC a r , Wool. gr0 wers Inform ns tba, there 
S » screw loose somewhere, as tho ou- U riag p [it( . 
Is far below Its in triosie value. Wool-growers too 

Ib^Vo^VabrO^' J as°,r } ^ "^ ^ ^ M ' 
refuse this kind of "eigU unCsl 



dlbev 

■lii|i|.':il hy .■. 



fforiii 
Jintly 


on Hive, thi 
emaved. Io 


nolhan<l 
the Ha 


Bornte, 


mo'sa 


.ill th 
daily o 


movements of that 
hourly watched. 


vond, 


ul ere 


r. 


nting tho nb 
ii.-vfiscd sn 
call a 1 ten (in 


arms, fr 


.manaplari 



Stock by tin; Golden Gate. 
We wore pleased to meet an old subscriber 
no person of D. Davidson, Esq., who camo in I 



rope. Mr. Day 



i stock, of whicb h 



a jui 



whicb he hat 
.on tho list st 
of Cloves," i 



t; i Vi-n prnnr' 
now brought (o this Slate, 
inds ibc noble young bull-c 
ulved last July, .,>«/ by Li 
ird, No. 3,091. Dam Duchess of Cambrid 
from Duke of Cambridgo 5041, nnd beuriti. 
pedigree of high lineage. This young bull 
of Ibo finest yet imported 



ready for 



i bod 



i this Stnto. 
a noblo fu li- 
re York, but 



Co I -w olds, 
four Chevol 
shepherd di 



ughl twelve full-blond South- 
wes, selected in Caoadn, thrct 
Lcicesters from England, and 
from Scotland. Also, two fine 



Wlndmllia 
i this week will bo found Hyde . 



rom iefoup bn drawn up 
u speak in very strong ti 



and dust, formed oi 
though the rush w 
cringing of bells, I 



-omcrabcr tbnt a di 



i of tho California 
cr aghttia hundred 



clearly that wo live in a groat ant 
e ago, and tbat California will aliva 
tiat will keep pace with Iho ago i 

Fine Sheep In Sacramento. 



pure bloods of all I 
Sir. McConnel he 



Hock of South downs and 

I'i'lly eli.inging froni miie 
ceds. Ilr. Hoincs infor. 



mney baa also a very 
of tin; Sniony blood ; 
. W. Haines, Esq., 
ialf bloods of tbo 1 
s, each of whom 
blood to those of pnrs 



,-■■>'■ giving a 
-half pound 



lipal 



■ch ; tbe full t 
ool tbat wi 



week— Ibo Van Pelti 
will equally ap 

They really deserve i 



ill— ono oi 
sc mills n 



■t mill in tbo State. They 



N.iu.Lf.eturcs, and hope those wbn w 
'i.iirnnu k; tlirtn-L-li-oj. \y tnD1T 
to be fair and honorable 



judgmontofa jnst 
Hyde t Brolbe. 

rtoryontbelfavi 
then tbeso mills ct 



able men and determined t 
eir own work, and abide th 
id honorable competition. 
'swillboseqn,areotBcncc(B 



To ItEiD Kua ._yY-D invito out 
-o the several lettors wo have 
■espoodents. Eat 






Iwd from cor- 
worthy their perusal. The 
from our correspondeot at Georgetown 
"■• Pfogress of 
hopo to hoar often from t 



t nod a-hnir pouods. Within tbo last month 

o has alto been added soma very splendid 

■ding sheep. N. D. Slnnwnnd brought with 

frnm New York within a month, fourteen 

Soulbdown sheep, len rams and four owes. Nine 

*tbe bucks were the progeny of "World's Prits," 

id ono from "Fordtmm's." Such breeders will 

i of cssootial service to onr Stale. 

By the Golden Gato jnst arrived, D. Davidson, 

Esq., brought with him twelve Southdown rami 

a selected from tbo best Docks in Canada; 

rce Cotswold, three Leicester, and four 

sheep direct from Scotland— these Cheviot 

:lng the first ever Imported into this Slaw. 

wo see that from nil parts or tbo world th> 

very finest kinds of stock will find a home in oar 

lorlons State. Well may we bo proud of it, for 

is without an equal in iLs ■.-.,]: .l.Uiiits fur sukS 

'"'IB- 

Fruit In Snoromento. 
A uonniKO visit to tbo City of tho Plains only 

Ive us assurance that BneromontO will soon bars 
great abundance of fruit. Wo saw eiujtf" °f 
eaches from Smith; Garden, tbo young fruit ■!- 
mdy hanging In clusters, some peaches now bt- 
■g four inches in circumference. Tbo crop proai- 
'- •■- beyond all former years iu quantity and 



quality. 

IbSOKtVKD. Wo 



: following 



Gwln; 



ilRcp 



mHon.CL.S 



valunhlo package of Dower seeds from Allen * 
McElwain, Springfield, Mass. These seeds eao" 
up la beautiful style. Wo shall grow then) 
ppreclato (hem, returning thnnki for the gi«- 
J»o received some rolls of dellelon* bntttf 
some kind bands, left nt our office witboa' 



tbe bread o 



■-■ geriLT. 



o it wel 



. iofea 



THE CALIFOEKIA FAEMEE. 



69 



STATU SUMMARY. 



as been roicalilting dopre- 
Id the vicinity or Areata, 
n WUod. He mcasnred fi 3 



a grain nlwly headed. Fun 



bleb fell Id thai [.loco slate Si 



cd as etoal from any member of tho society. 



Is Calaveras, says the Independent uf lie 10U 
gardeners pcrter-iily era of npiuion lhal tho peach crap 
fa now so far at! van eed u b bt safe from <ro»L, 1' 
crop will bo very abundant If it CHapca iojary fr 



Tde Allison Ranch Quart. Lead yielded J2T,C00 frac 

ihraO dflJJ (TLL-lblllL: l.Lfl* LLjIjl L^UlJf, ]&iclj. Till 

Graia Valley National olio tayo thai from a holo of twe 
cubic rest In the new lead lately found on Clark's raucb 

J3U0O was taken. 

Soke peaches which grew from the Kcd planted o 

tbo ranch of Riv. W. Hurlburt, twelve mite? below Sac- 
rancQt'i, and in of the opinion that lh«o yearling 



of soia-fcdorine; qnnrti, weighing over fifty- 
s, was found near Saw.mil! Flit on the 1th 
ystacTnnlnroneConrler. Itcoulnlnedthirty 

jtdreu. 

Menu river hie never been higher within the 






Tat Viialln Delta of the Hth, lopnrti u good i 
for the bachelors, that a abort, time (inn a farnilj 

father, mother, tirmry-onc daughters, and one 
During tho put wcet, another family from Ibe i 
aroorig which woe fuorteea unmarried daughters. 



on Mount Diablo, on the north-cut ride 
ms bate been uHayeo^anil turocdoulrich. Tbi 

facU which go far !■• prov.: tlim both g.,H m.l 
rial In considerable quunlitie, in the vicinity , - 



ghoul the State, Intend to 
;nivcrsary of tbo inJrodne- 
Uoitcd Slates, In their re- 
ith instant ( MI t Thursday). 
□ Aloro Island 






nacedlo 



- M.K.v 



ly under-sheriff of Homboldt 

h March, with hoi SJOO of moneys for wbieb fiber. 
Von Not will be held responsible. The money 
len, rayj the Buraboldt Tinea, bad been collected 
n the effects of Jraie Wolla, the deTaulting Treoa- 
I, and wn to have been applied 



if the 



st Court 



if the Aueubly from Eldo 



dor direction or the Legislature nil 
The murderer is nowin custody, moJi' 



■i the Republican of the 1 5th, the 



," which finally paisod 









Ton Hydraulic I'resj of the 14Lh In.tant .eye: Par. 

gloat o„rlb of thin place, hare llisb- sigh, ._ lT .,., d|gj 

from lie m -. Mr. Hughes, tbo telegraph "Jpcnuo,*,,! 
IttratlCity, -.howaiontnpuiring the line i, r ,..„.,,, 
days, returned alemt IjUud, from this cause, we ere 
Ij!J. II,,.., . Uua; p !!„,.„,, that while it ibi, r.,i„, ,[,,. 

■■■■! Bprioi, i,.,, M blooming and flowers are opening 
tUetr gay p, Wl ,., y^ laBp „,„ WOBtrJ on]y ^ .^^ 
'/'.'l''"! ':. li ."; , .-' Iu,l! "/=PilcladlD cue iwii-cr.J rol„ 
oi'-' ■- " : ■■' ■--'l''''»'»!'" 1 "'Ml'V-.ro.d'.wi" 

, ■ ' ■'>■■• : A,r„i-,,r.|..:i J ,„( l: >,,..|.., r ,„.| 

W^S^ aT^'date"", 1 ' 1 " 1 '" 1 "" : ' ,L '' , - i "■■'"" "' :,: - 

";;, ;,-■ ■■■■■- ■'■"''b'-^-V„',i-.j^" , ' , :;,M l ?i';'; 

J,,!' . ' rll '"l"-^^r „ „.-,| ,.,,,„„., T „ : . ,,„„„ 

aod , t .T ''■' '" ! " i "" "' -I-i,.:.jl,.- I- ll'.i.-.. -. .In. I,,.... 

mi "i eaoied teitral peuy floodtj aud wojbcd 



ui produce inferior froi 



Eon Joaquin District Agricultural Society. 
This Society with President Dr E. S. Hidden or 
Stockton, at their brad, andmirong corps of act 
officers to second all bis efforts, nto moving 
vigorously in their plans for their Annual Full 
be haldcD at Stockton. 



BsmFranciicoBaj Agricultural Society. 

Tbifi now Society are laying onl their work in 

earnest, resolved lo make tbia Society's coming 

First Annual Foir eclipse any ever yet bcld In the 

Suit. Their President, Samuel Branasn, Esq., 

although called to tbo Atlantic States, will be 

ibsent but a tilllo season, and will return to aid 

ill io his power. During bis nbseuco the Vice 

Presidents W.S. Green, Esq., John Center, Esq., and 

i'i.iilu.U mlnT.mcn of wrfillh and energy ,nrent work 

lenrtnndsnulin selecting ground, laying plans, 

preparing lists or premiums, while their efficient 

Secretary, F. F. Fargo, Esq., is wielding his inllu- 

to awaken n duo interest la the canse. The 

Francisco Bay Society will show what she 



This is the right 
enough and rich 



t Agricultural Legislation. 
We nrc glad to sec that tbo Legislntnre has 
voted to prrni the Stoto Agricultural Report of 
IS59; for all this kind of information thai can be 

Stale and its up-building; therefore aside from 
my other question, we say prinfi print! printl 
Ve wish tbey had printed 10,000 copies. 

that, body asking aid in behalf of ttie neu district 
griooltura! societies. 
We hope the Legisloture will cheerfully grant 
letn all. It will bo money well spent; for every 
ew society formed gives a new development to the 
ssourccs of our State, and we hope each new dls- 
ict formation will recciie S2G0O each. Wehopi 
te Agricultural Committee of the Senate nod tbt 
sscmbly will bold a Joint meeting, and take tbt 
hole sobject of the wants of the State iu this re- 



vould b 
supposed et a season when the roads are (0 ba 
to the connlry. From all Ihc information we eai 
gather from the interior, country stores are nenrlj 
destitute of goods, and the roads are pass- 
able a great trade may bo ejtpecled. Those old 

be full of trade. Messrs. Booth & Co., who do a 
very large trade with tho interior, nod who keeps 
n Inrge stock of goods, informs us that California 

twcuty-live per cent above the imported quality. 
Wo like to record all facts going to show a right 

OS Hiatal though large amounts 



of but 



aim. 



ted per 



trade is over now— the quantity 
bolng already too great, and tho largo inerease of 
"homo" butter will supersede it. Satramenlo 
may be said to be now on the flood tide. Real 
estate is steadily rising. Sacramento is tbo Gicd 
capitol of the Stale, and we should not bo sut- 






WalTl 



calc: 



■ «P IIW per 



9 IH Oil 



i-.itl.ir 



-Wo 



I learned the -following astonishing facts from 
parties interested: Col. W. II. Davis of Bio 
a, purchased -i large and fine cherry tree of 
. Sanford, last spring, and planted the same ; 
ire fruit. Mr. Davis planted tho "pita" of the 
isamoseasnu, nn5 grew young trees eighteen 
inches high. We believe tbcro is no nurseryman 
i any part of the world can boost of equal lucccss 






ATTENTIONI 
THE WHOLE STATE !! 

THOROUGH-BRED 
STALLIOBTS 




ABDALLAH, 

The only TROTTING HOUSE that eve: 
took a Premium in this State as a 

THOROTTO-IKC-BTtEnD 
WillCli HE IS, AND NO MISTAKE. 



boalders, well ribbed n 


and very beavily 


omen don 1 stluo and in. 


tin, sbnrt cannon 


dfeet: iniborta perfe 




flesh. A good one to 






peed, with nrory 




ad ia saddle ant 


I kind, and high eonra 


co i as foil. If no' 


ny hone in tho country 


ttrottlng.acdean 


nail. ABDALLADhu 


over been trained 


He la 2:50 lo harness. I 


aiurefosl-ECtler 



PED1 O REE. 



[1IMLLAII we- ill Tears old on the 29th of Mai 
... : »w sired by II ami I etna tan, bo by Abdullah, 
hyoldMembrioo. ho by Imported Slcfencor. Ilaml 

"° ""under? c""nd dam"d , Ono B Eio,''byoTd Itarat 



i of old One Eye by I re 

'-'■! l', Al.l:.1l..i. ,, I 

dam by Eli 



I» ^ I Is I I" S » 
ELF- REGULATING 

"WIND POWER 'ES 

thucelebrated race hone tb>t"run with Eclipse Th'e 
ALL |,,ii.:r,:,,.,f nil Al.l.il.l,-- (nce-lry is pure j ho is Of s 

PER- William H Rysdiek. of tho town af Chester, Orange 
ithoa enunlT, Sto-e -I :<■■;< Yurk, l.ii..- first duly.-om,.A;s 
. .v"! that the above podigroe Li Ira. u. .he bt.l nf hi* fenr.ii' 
edge and belle/. WM. M.RYSDICK. 

Sworn to this 4th dar of February, le53, before me, 
B. A. OLMSTEAO, Juilko nf the IW. 

$50 Per Season. Ternm Casb. 

E. D. L. BRYANT, Proprietor. 



£uiem Slatea ii 




Y O TJ W G- 



Manure Your Imad. 



the benefits of manuring the soil. No enltiri 
■on his land year after year without a deu 
a of his crops. Salute will soon demand 

the penalty. To cjpect frum tbo soil crop after 



I food | 






1- I llt.L 



tjof 



ir jnuraal. Every 
-a of the highest 






Hay Dibteiot A on to ult dual Sociiir.— Wo a 



.euator Pbdp., by electing him President of li 
o-eniied state Agricultural Society. Wo h 
niw i ies itlj day when this cent! cm an can 

urocda»ide bynoj- „„ U i.)., i„|i ul . ui;t . N , 1L ,.i, , 
■■■ ""'' '■ I' H" i-,.ri, r ] in,.-,, I „. (I,,: , ln .| -".. 
-i.i VJPu" 1 ,,! * oim nl " h0 » forward 

:;.;,;;■!;.:, ,,;;,■ ;;; , " 1 : l ; ii """' '•'■■^ >-^m- .,h, 

of uur State.-[A. R. U, a7l« Tilth! 1 "" 1 -"' 



Wen sn simple ihat a ebild can mooace it (^J. T ~T "T> -T71 "TO m » 

Jlavtnn ibe r.rcvr muni for tea Stales m it. ^ i ±-J _t> JLIj jbC J_ I 

.olbc, -e are now prepared to TuroLih tbom at prices 

■;...r..lint-l,, i|,,, k ,„ ulIll ^,„,. r „ qu i, cu . Cuunly cigbts 

i™ei'aiani«^wnhati7!M e wlndiDrf™ 1 " ,i 8125 

: '' " j8 ISO 

-I SO ' 1200 to 250 

Wo are also prepared to Manufacture and Repair all 
bo? WhupB "' 01 ol1 "' alM hiuery, near Stoam- 



IIYCE at BROTIIEEt 




1,500 SHEEP_FOB SALE. AGE AND DESCRIPTION. 

THE TJNDERilOHED INVITE ATTEN- YO0NO GILBERT Is six years old, of a deep chest- 

blgb, and i.i.-^-cr 



«0 uined E-e>, Sloiicin and half bl 
Also, BOO Lambs frou 



a eomblaatlon of Beauty, Bone and Mu 
by uny horso In tho Elate. Ituneetbn will satbty n> 
,j.].-i r.f hiirfe-Qcib of ibe croat inperlority of YOUS 
OILBERT. To all other, it Is enough to say that 
Ik look the Firrt Premium at Ihc Iml Slate Fa. 



of II. LARDLEY.nr 
0E0. !|,.,hn,.iL, 

can Leandio. 



orcr ail ampttttor,, „ fl scnaal asri hor , 




their foals, and bo certain or a tore riI, will no 
elsewhere anorsoelniYOONQ GILBERT. 


utylr, 


PEDIGREE. 





BONE DTJST 

FOR FARMERS. YOUNG GILBERT ru sired by Porter's Gilbert, an, 

Lots to suit, Kb 

FIFTEEN DOI-l.tltS PER TMfj 



BANKERS, El'C, 



MARK BRUMAGIM 8s CO., 



sight Bills 

Sank of Commerce, Boston. 

SIGHT AND TIME BILLS 

American Exchange Bank, New York, 



^<.Dpre>cr,. .....^c "^ agSJiuSafii * CO 



PIOCHE & EAYEEQUE, 

AGENTS AND BANKERS, 

Montgomery Strekt, Corker op Jackson, 

SAN FRANCISCO. 



. OFFERJIASaTj 

THE PRINCIPAL CITIE! 

PRUSSIA, 
UULLAND, 



FltAKCE, 

■■ V, I I .'! i:r IMi. 



lauiUio vt Jepn-'iwr. In itc PRINCIPAL cn'iia of EurtrneJ 

NOTICE. 
rSVESTHEHT OF 5M"J.LC4FIT£LS, BAVIHQS, Ete. 

:!■■ lr tus. pem lii.-ii.l nJt.ur, .|.rr.,l -nlr, , |A-r «t PHIVATE 
In wetaly, monihly. or nunrlerly Iniulmenn. as 'm«; bo 

1 •■• ' ■■•. || .in ii. ii ...... i. i ,,i ,' ,i.i. ?i „:,, : :i ,...,„„.,■■ 



unJemlmed will dTn> rell, la airoo manner, Briorca or 

V ni.^l^'hirV'i'j '''''"' "]''■'■ '" : ''' '■' V "'''"' "'■'"' : ' ] 

',■'.'■' A'-~. '," l'"'- )"','■'■'' V" ' V ' ;: : 'i" , >1 ' r "" '; I ! , ' , -'' ! * M ° J '*S eie-1 



E 4 RAVKRQUE, 



EC .A.H-VE: S T--1860. 

J. D. ARTHUR & SON, 

HOW OFFEft 

TUB VERY BEST ASSORTMENT OP 

Agricultural Implements 

IS THIS CITY. 

200 Of (be Celebrated 

K E A. 1? E IR S 

COMBINED MACHINES, 

Made by WARDER .1 CHILD, of Brrlrctlold Ohio 

'■ >'T for ttil-H market, „i t h r.11 the imrir'ir mccta for 

! .m*?b™ hi h* '" 0(r f^h E R aln h °' 1 ''' 1 " 1 " 1 '" "" 
The Platform i, | B „|, while lta„!&.K 



u| In me, n»t tweuly dollarV Borth 
d wore eall.d for. Without eaoen- 
porsaretha beat mathlnei onUibi 



f YOUNG OILIIEIIT I. ,l H„ ,....,„ 1,L,,.| 



SUGAR REFINERY, 

rotr 0/ Priu and Ihnium ilruu, San Fran. 



*2B FOR THE SEASON. 

TEHM8 OABH. 

BRYANT i WBLN.VANN, Propriotora, 
Hcnicia, Solano County. 



Baltimore-Made Agricultural implements . 

VERSUS EASTERN. 

W E r5cS 



PERSONS INTEBESTED IN KAfSING STOOK OF 



aflalacicr, *"'"" 1 BlOOsJ, 
/IrruiaVSorlh'Caro^ ' SLf-C, 



and speed, 

for the 



Ba the Viramla a „d y„th Carolina Agrieutl, 

My Ac Sta-board A 3™*»,al SocMg, W ,| STONE'S RANCH 



Tlilrty-Ialne Pirat Premluma 

In Qvor c-f Sinclair ft cos Wnres, 
»K^e J ra^m , eS' H ' WbT "»)«*«» '» "•"r.f 

I.f^c" U e../«laeP.lr"/p^ l B s;S| r n P ™t," 
rrTao.Urr" Cora Drilb "St '"'"' ^""^ °" ai «""". 
' |;"Ulho roItoMet were not 

po,, ol ,,,-mLa, .rKUrt'p^'e,'" bdrJ^la™ 1 "*' ""^ 

-^TTbn A U rleullar.l Implem^ on ^ Macal qtr7B , na . 

■tJU will ho furnlihrj with Price 1 tla od'a, L h t, u"' t ' LjDff 
B. SINCLAIR JIl! i Co 
IfaDafkcinrers, flalumure, ahL 



ON THE aillSUN BOAD, 
.A. IB 3D A. Ij I, A 

YOUNC GILBERT 

WILL STAND FOrt THE SEASON, 

CommBnoine 1st of March, and ending 
lit of Angast. 

(jJ^j^Melioohj, thofto, and eicapai, at tbo ri.k of 



P ITT'S TH RASHERS, 
U*fe«ffl>utln care, with Improvements, ernronl* 

■oarorder.byNoa,,,., >.U .,„.'. w, MasfaehaMili. 
HILL'S THRASHERS, 

Got u r to roil tbo wenU of this Inarltot aj to stroorlh 

Horee-Powera, Extra Castings for Thrasher*, 

ALL KINDS OF AGRICULTURAL IMPLEHBNT3, 



DIGKERSO N'S 

PATENT SEL.F-RECULATINC 
"TO" IBTDMILL, 

This Mill look tho Elrtt I 



irderi will bo rr 



a FraVclTeor;^ 



WILSON FLINT, 
Prices of Mills, 12 foot wheel, - 

^HrOBtrOOl 

nchlnery, 200 



MR. & MRS. COGILL'S 
Sfr DANCING ACADEMY, 

PHILHARMONIC HALL, 

Slsca-tou street, noar Jockaor 

■'■■ ■;;'-n,-, ,,i ,■!„■■;, ..,, ,-„„;.. 7 ,.,,.; i,,, v;;.;- 

«d 1'X rjun^UlsJ'iaii ,bt "I't"""* L "° C jff* 1 Wb "» 

"'■■' '■!■ ■ ' ■ :■ .i >■ . ■ :. , ■ 

Tornu-3-i 00 per mouth, in advance. 
^XrsOlBEiS EVERY FRIDAY iifEAVW.^ 

taueV Dan^ita^oD.u^o?;" ^t-*^ 
Priu^'lm^rl'atauulalv'enno.' 1 Ttal - 8b - X** 1 ™ 



70 



^TrFTcALIFO'BNIA FARMED. 



p ms' Dtgartm ent, 

MZZIE WMlf WABBEH, U.^..T.. EDITRESS 
A SHETLASD SHAWI" 

I, wis made at tbo purest w»f S"" 1 " 00, ' 
A. fitiou fill:, and a.' Joft* 1 " 1 CM ' ; 

n . ?« £ * -°'tc, B f iw cioud-lik. "« 



should be nt thin day in e 

oflbcnrli iiuJ irioiicrJ 

of the nineteenth century, j 

v , the earth tvould bo still 

■ u,,,, iblus «f tbo kind, 

nund 11, ready to ".i.uiO 

rlnn c-t the feats of miMCl 



The soldo 



tnifly dr. 



The ivory needle through and through. 
The irsrmson cubed do Ibe brilliant dj 
en' ij,.. [.urf-li no.! l--.1Ii.-ii bullcrflits. 
And tie dr->»V ««-, ,,il!l :'=l.-'iK.b--'l 
HunB<d in Ibt perfumed iur ul Juoi', 
A, .be c °-!!iuj.!r Bjbrjd f»"r « «*"■, 
Uotl" the maiden 5 lingers grotr. 



In the lrnnr,oil doplb. c 
And her Washing (boo* 
Oflhtspirifsairakoan. 
Like llii 



ought » 



Mded bud lo the perfect flower. 



At ibe thought of o. Iotiu'i pleated surprise. 
The spider nans; from tbe budding tburn 
ill, baseless *«*, -bui lbs Jb»wi was worn; 
And rho eohwelrt, siiTered by lh« daw, 
With the uoroioK sunshine br«kiog through, 

■ In Ibe nabbed year, on lbs Shetland Shawl. 

For lbs rose bad died in the autumn ibonm, 
T..-.1 W'.niiitJ in toe «nrointr'.< p.ldtu benrr; 
And lis shining tissue of hopes and dreams, 
V.'iiL amij s l.irl-.< «nd rjmin.tr gloarai 
Womb wilhin nnd ont, m in 
Like Ibo slender thread by the spider spun. 



The Notural Power of the Body to care 
Disease, V3 The Impertinence of Diug- 



colM Ibe ■ art el" rr-jL-ribing ' I 
Tut prejudices of mankinc 

nlim.iL.l. Tlit m;iii who l..>ld'i !•. 
bccatLW supported by reason, is i 

huM- i'j ririjiidicu hj,-: nil iurli ini.:-i 

fjICt in L .|]|lfj!:l[lKll t>Y f-LLlL f, 'Lil'l .1 j r-l 

Itol lo proof. Authority null Hii- 



eipreyed by tho elung phrase, 
Heaven forbid thai I should be a 
•gage in a tilt with such nntngonri 
lea ; least of all on lhat of pill-gi 
with Ibe dignity of academic she, 



ire no respect what, 
re sacred, nnd be 



tbe Pope of his Tasinis. 

" The three learned professions," saj-3 that 
ihr-i-.l UilDlitr, tho Prufosor al the Br.-.ib'n-i- 
TabU-," ti3-,-g but rt..-.:-tnly emerged from a staba o 



applk'd to Ihc olhcr two, 
ilnii..r. [-criVct inntarilj of 
ofolloflbetn, thnl thevb 
npon Ihcm ni dou the mi 
ilstbtll, nod Bo thick ai 



mm. 

bit Vor'knndLWi 







mid 1". 


' 


•lit M[>i-«:l<i 


on 




Id. 


: ,|.,-,. 
























■. .. 1 


































Ol 1 




"" 


sul-Ii I'riiLi 
wuii;ftrf.>r 


ed 



e subject knows 
rthia. lVbobnsiic 
cs, wilncsied tbe 
incredulity with iv 
bis own skill 1b 

"nmedf? B«h li 
,t of rivalry, and v 



i cFlele 



LiuLdi tind ru 
so, but was r 



g, ultimate 
rule, ik„lb 



Li.lMv LUVL'lujIL'.i Ull'i |.J.= I 



pcrtiw were i.Ttteouie by the recniiernlh'e fareea 
oi nuturc, to which the evil of the disease and the 
i were cigunlly indifferent j or 
,vay the drug wild beneficial, 



by* 



.!. Vet 1 b. 



i.-e. Neve 


i-i'diJini- 




■sluti-lli' 


be rate j th 


.u,-l, It,.- 


line nf rb 








,.,i,ele-l) 


tbey "|.i 








i-lnilut.. 



ing this, wo proud ly 



of cntbedrnl roofa 



'tho price of bin 


d"-tl,ej 


nrc n 


once enrolled 












ImiLT, 


1,1 lr,„ 


then so dicta ic 


o the world tbci 


iiflitles 


Of fui 


,, and codes oi 


tbics. For such 
























redit. Tbe ten 


ency of 














o solve. Men on 


■ ir ,11 v 1.. 






o he told fcilith 














nipicion, and tl 


cir doob 






upport of any o 


tnrdilj n supernatural nguiicjf 














all th 


works of Goc 






mime 




There is, undn 


>f:.llv, I 




nature that i; 


,ot understood b' 










n'.v.ll.-.l 






nd open road of knuivkMi; 


llMl 1 


,l..|„,-,l,„ri- 


effeei olwoys folio 


VHIhe .„ 


Bciont 


:uiso; [lie ro:id 


which leads to th 






of "Hitn witl 


whom there is no 


"throng 


'na'tur 


up to nature's 




ctnarka f 


omlto 


.eigne (E»ai., 








suhjool in hum 


hat 1 can not res 








for, though not 






manj- splendid 



1, the 



their "cures," each insisting on tbe t 
of bis own method, backed by his p 

cholera of 1632, an eutopic of marl 
will appreciate the truth or this as t 
ascertain by conversation with di 
duals. Alter tho subsidence of lb 



than 



irtng it 






logue'Mboso which 
iced by a malignant 



comprise by far the 1 
and it is to them that 

direct attention. Kuw the 

■ucb ought to 



COAL-OIL LAMPS 1 

1,300 DOZEN 
COAL-OIL LAMPS! 

Deitz's Unrivaled Burner; 

st simple, Convenient, and Economical 
Lamp in use, 

JTJST HBOEI"VBI3, 

EMILY FARNUM, SUMATRA, NOON- 
DAY, PANTHER, NAPIER, 
AND BY EXPRESS. 

CHANDELIERS, 

.For CHURCHES and PUBLIC HALLS. 

LANTERNS, 

FOR QUAltTK- MILLS, SAW-MILLS, WHARVES, 
STABLES, HOTELS, &o., Ac. 

HAND LAMPS, 

PARLOR LAMPS, 

SUSPENSION LAMPS, 
SIDE LAMPS, 

KITCHEN LAMPS, 

BILLIARD LAMPS. 

PEICES LOWER 

Tlian El-cer Before. 

FOR SALE IN LOTS 

TO SUIT THE TEADE. 

Corner Front anil California street* 

\ * 

HEX.A.IL STORES: 




ne, 1,,- 111, 


aid of the other 


..ft. -ii r 


-ill f. . 1 1 ■ . v.'. 




r of both. Let 




rid drive.- 


nerallj- lends Ih 


.ff v,bo 




no tneetber. Pr 
it Will bo belt 


oenre n r 


.ru.uive f,.,r 






.mr II..', 

Porker 

rong, no 


,U. D., 


" There 

b.i,|--.d,l 


'js.j^x: 


m^Tlnr"" 










be drug they sivallow has i 
























n-nii mi), U ,| U W lml ma) 




" sublruc 


what may bo r 


,l„n,k,„ 


■-[Scalpel 



^TO GRAPE PLANTER! 

U.a Tiao. p|. D1K l IhL, .e^on In^.H^C-T^M™^ 



If all human reasoning nero as 



Extra Size Lawton BlackbDny Plant*. 



Oil and Camphene Works 
HAVE REMOVED 



The Most Extensive Assortment of 
Burnlns Matei-lals, 

AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES. 
SrAMFORD BROTHERS, 
Paoiflo Oil and Cnmpheno Works, 

Corner of Front and California jtrcoK. 



SPERM OIL. 

2,000OALI,OKS WINTER SPERM Oil 

S.ltt) OnllensSPEHJI tJlLJ>ula"i'loii'.luli 
For sale by 

STANFORD BROTHERS, 
Paoiflo Oil nod Camphene Works, 

Corner of Front nnd California Mreols. 



LARD OIL. 

6 0Afl OALLOSS LARD OIL, o. "Hon Quiioln" 
,UUU 00 j ■•])!„ t Hank." A >m>erl»r nrtlclo at 



STANFORD HR OTHERS, 
nnd Camphene Works 
■of Front wid California. rtreeU. 



POLAR OIL, 

812.000 GALLONS POLAR Oil 
Ka',k , e, TtnW011 "" 



S POLAR OIL, from the Southern coast, 

■ «".al FIFXl-iCENTS PER OaLLON. 

For sale by 

STANFORD BROTHERS, 
Facing Oil and Camphene Works 



C O A L O I L. 

10,000 °o^ A °fSAUSTBK'S CELEBRATED 



CAMPHENE. 

Hiring a still .villi a capacity of morn than 

2,000 Gallons Every Twonty-Fonr Hours, 

Campene of it "Better Quality, 

LOWER PRICES 

Than „y other astabllshmsn, on ,h. Pneifl. CouL 

"Lar B e aalce ana Small FroUtr." 

Will be tho rnl> of onr hooso 

sfeH.ni. 1 5 ? ANF0RD BROTHERS, 
PmUjo Oil and Camphene Works 
1 Comer of Front and California, sKeols. 



SACRAMENTO ADVERTISEMENTS. 



ST. QBOEfiE 
HOTEL! 

Corner of Fourth and J Street*, 
SACRAMENTO. 

Ijjjft THia HOTEL, OA VlflO BEElt THOHODOnLI 
liiJisss. BBNOVATED, 

RE-FITTED AND RE-FURNISHED, 
is now opbh 

FOR THE RECEPTION OF THE PUBLIC. 

e. i. UDTcniNson, 



Premium Marble Works I 
I». J. DEVINE Sc BBOTHEE, 



SAMUEL JELLY, 



FINE WATCHES, JEWELRY, 

Silt rr-vtai'C, (titliiy . :-:<:.., 
124 J STREET 0SE DOOR BBLOIV FIFTH, 

S A. O H A.T»iC SEJNT T O- 

Wateb as Repaired and Jooelrr Mannfoelnred. 

Agents for Grocer A Balitr's Seicing Wachtnu' 



EDUCATIONAL. 



THE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE, 

AT IB BINT I O J. A. 



EP" The u:.-., ...., I, 



ACADEMY OF NOTRE DAME, 

S A 1ST JOSE. 
rpHE NINTH ANNUA!, SESSION of 



<:-■■■•;■;■': ■,'.;: : '-; '; llil,,i '' '." ' ! J 

, ;!.. lL i' ! ,i'hM:' .'.'.;' ■„- .:'.!"".,' ':"!.".. \'!.!~..!'.';. '.:'.'..'. '.".!"'?. i 

1-.'."| . F ." ,'>"'.. ' ! ", ■ .', : ,- I .' ; r"l ' n .',',".' '.< ' ! -' v In '.- ' ,N - 1 'j '" ! I ': . : V' '*/.' '. - Vl .' w ■'. 'i : r ""'' 

J'ducucn ^-iil l>- ru-,!,. ht boFI a >i3sioa commenced, uecp! 
I'm.n. .'iip dnd liDi«h lo the&r adf native to bo ores 

Tuition, I ndt din; the trwKia . 

SANTA CLARA COLLEGE. 

THE NINTH AKSCAL SESSION OF THIS IS. 
i'Lituli.,,! mile, .,.„..». n.vUNDAY, i 
The t .lr,n„f lu-trnoF. .-. tci*.««t tno reuole .... 

111,.. CI:..- ■i.-:il and lb, i .1 '-■ . I. , ! ■ . .? .virj 

Depanmenc. 

Entrance, to be paid but oneo-- S I 

11..1.J liildTuillODwl K«si4D" '31 

H.~.lnn.-,„J mt ,„l.:-. ., u : „.ir, nJ ,ttJ. per ses- 
sion I 

SUttsnur. [»rswbloo. H 

Uediea! allendaiiee in J medleloes. (unless It bo 

y':-.i,',a'.''. '''. '.'.'' '.' ,t ' 1 ' ,c "'" "' ' 15,,oou ■ , p " i| 

V,M-:,'ti.ii,,. if namiM itTCol'lcVe-".'-..""' ■■■*•-■. 2 
N.B— IVhon then- are mora than t«o bn.lber? cscl 

■'t .■ori»op,.r<or.i ...If rrleo. 

Uioof Initrumenl- ... Cbernlstn and N'olerel Fbtle* 
0|.|i7, V...-!al Miwie, i.a . VV.ia. wl IV-iwid. ftre 
ojtra char B os. School Books ore (uroished nt iiott 
nrlcos. Mo eitra cbareo for nnr of tho languBna 
Parmonta to ho tnado half a sosslon In advnnto. 

For further Infurmatiun nrndj lo Ihu PfL-idtntel 
Sanla Clara CoIIol-o S'lnta Ulnru Cal '.- I" K-r A. 
M .... -I,i. S ,1 . .Sl"l^[i;,liu.,' Cliur;'h. Jl.i'il', I .ii.vl, "t-s- 
twaon Fourth and Fifih.Snn Froooi-LH. 2 

FIRST PREffllUHI AGAIN! 

BEINQ THE 

SEVENTH TIME RECEIVED 

Against All Competitor.;. 

R. H. VANCE, 

Corner of Montgofficry and Sacramento Sis., 

SAIT FRANCI3CO. 

Hailng attain roeolred tho FIRST rRBSIlT 11 
anardodnttheSlotoFnlrfurllio ill..' I .'.MiU-uJ^' 1 - 1 
nnd PH0T00RAPHS, It Is Ruarantoed ihul all "" 
fnsor ms tsltb a call are „„ , D obtain belter xmk !h»» 
ean bo i.rejeeod nt onj- othar momi In tho State, I 
mold uay io my patrons that I am now producing he"" 
oibi taS 1 \\"' " l ma ° h REDU0ED PRICES, te *"»" 

Harlot; reduced my prices more then 30 pereeBti 1 * 
mo need boroafior go to second-rate astablishmints W 

,,'', ",.i'.'.'''t-ieon In tho nrt, and stook foralth' 1 

Iliiririjr..vor yMiiO v.,„M, ,.l .' ,.,., ..H.,-.,, I'l'"| 

1 ■'■ ■-: .in.K'i -,!.. on hand rsndantae nay, I '1* 

"■oreofier dlspoie of thomnt nbunl Now York P' l "', g 

SAH FEAHCISCO BAY DisTBH" 
AGRICULTU RAL SOCIETY- 

rpilE nO.MUl Of HANAflEaSof ihe aVj.rT.ini"! =edrij 
FILAWK f. FAftOO, Eccuslsrf' 



«= 



THE OALIFOENIA FARMER. 



71 



ffiterara Sjjrublmi. 



Its light .!■■ 

ThMt.ir C '| 



■■l,..k Mtlc -.f llic ■!:!(', i">0 H'[]'!- 
m npon us, according to the beat ob- 
rom no less tiftn 18,1)00^100 of sun? 

..r.10,1 11 various .limine: j. "■" rrnrnlt 
,bnn understood; but their lulu. il... 



HOTEL INTERNATIONAL 




Dr, Frank G. Johnson's 

SELF-RECULATINC 
S^T INDSCILIi. 



Jacks tin street, above Montgomery) 

'sa:kt FRANCISCO, OAL. 

FIRST-CLASS HOTEL ! 

TUB TABLES OF TITIs'nOUSB ARE 
UNIVERSALLY ACKNOWLEDGED TO 
BE THE BEST ON THIS COAST. 

THE ROOMS AND BEDS 



MANUFACTURED AT THE 

Empire and Keystone Ironworks, 

D. "VAN PELT, Proprietor, 
Nos. 90 sod 92 Hull street, San Francisco, 




First-Class Hotol, 
IN EVERY PARTICULAR. 



It is Contiguous to all of the moat Fopnlar 
FlaoeB of Amusement, the Principal 
Thoroughfares, the Fashionable 
Promenades and Steam- 
boat Landings ; 

DESIRABLE STOPPING PLACE FOR 
FAMILIES and SINGLE GENTLEMEN, 



TO SHEEP FARMERS. 






.■! :ii"-l.- \l.i- .lUir..., .],j,-,r. 
ALBEItrVVli 



J Stock-rajtlug Alii dairy hi 






WM. H. MOORE, 

San Francisco Brass and Bell Foantlery, 

HO. S3 IMLIxEOK STREET 




Qange Cocks, Gylinder Cocks, Oil Globes, 

Steam Whistles, Hy dr an lie Pipes and Noadea 

TOR SUSINQ PURPOSES. 



ffho Wants a Farm Cared For 7 

A 'P ■ .;.!. - r ' •;'„,':": ji'l, ,-. ill, r ). ,.'.] ',.",. I .", .j',',',.' ,",Tk 



fe™%«FjlST*i'oJBe«. r ~'°'" 



Fine Vineyard and Orchard 
^TO LEASE.f 



WANTED TO BE KNOWN 
MiU-TITrlslit. 

ryuc ji, Im.i.-o-j a„ u u ra^mtiuTlj .ubinllfor ibeton- 
«. '■!'"■' r, ■■[ .-;.„-,„,,,, „,,j |.,r, n -r-. Uisl Ik-Jos U'jJ, 
'."^■■-'Uilt- et|wriroeol>.h«ludlnHllll™iin'. 

, V-.-.h'u^llj' l':.i'r',.'-'|."""'' 
■ ''''■ ""j lJ '-L., r. ,.l jnll)-, n.-.r.f.M.ip, or linn*™ 

SdSST* 4 w - ""' ltft * *"■ 0Oai "^ u 

muted to iKo to CoL Wum, atUor 










A MoBtgtraory, San Fran 



Self-adjusting Post-Driver, 

A valuable Implement forFarmerg. 



i.em in FKSCE-lll'ILMKa. IhohaoHnerno 

rioc.rii: f.nmo. .en,l.:.i,„; il ,v1f-.M iio-,..,;- on 
rliillvliiml. Ii I." i"..> uffl ..■[> 1-iN. „!»,.„ 



«r,lli»WBtton'oT , «i?™ l la'™ 



TUOROUUHNKSg OP WORK; ond 

First Appearance on the Pacific Coast. 

. Wl"',,' il,- m.u-liln.. iin.PI.lb.iHil.ir IcA.lholtBl™ 
■i- . ridu ,11 nngb l 

KMAPP, BOEEELL & Co. 



j3,.lWfJ% 




A 1 iboot,n;l..ri..-i.. n.i!,iY->.i,M: i,^- .„ir,.,,:,| ,7irh 
!'■» "> 'in'- ::■'-■- oti'l thrto flood., and intend lu l!i-o 

enabled mo to nnf One ,! U nlrcd Co'im'Tn lb, Jhillar 

ibr.iu^h -.11 m) udivn-n IWlur,... [ t.i.nlil olio ci" jou 

taoolitonnBnaLron/ltto.rile. ^ """t"' M0 ln q " - 

1 claim to bv the Or,l.«i J-^lnbll.-nnt Legitimate 
Drugsl.l In Llllt CII)-. 

P.-r.T,- ii. i l„ ,-.,„.,,:■;,„,■.■, ii ,. [„,..,.„ >,-„-Felhatlbore 

i- ■■ H dill, rente lioliiotii i [.HJI.'IOR and a illtUll - 

HIST iu Ihtra ia bqWrto i Uniflfid ai.l r. I), :,-,.,,.■, [„j 

■ .'■.' ■■ -»;,- ;..'.-'.■■' ,,'.j !n; ,'it, * 
live. loll. TolbLjlsttatfliMl hove the LwrlobHuns, 
hovlnf: learned my bu*1n.;«- In the All.inl-c Sl.ilc ■. and 

BilIiTinir tbal l!f. luiveoi to til, ood that tho people 
-lib tokoor. «h,,c tliL-T cm eol llicir rTorerbldloas filled 
mihfaletr. I"ill ban ■-:■■ t Bll ib..,., iy 

Iloir the Price UAUntly cliargeil 

Er olh« D...--I-. l-i.-irli,,:,!,. .,,■ illivJiLnsato, ond o[ 



ill to obtnln ovoijlbln^, KEW, 

Pilcnt Mrfki™B"f e e""c'hom?J?. r wJTbtRo"^!! 
|.rit[. r .if l ;,] U ill.iui.ir 1 ill»U < iP«ieiit Medicine, tewnd 



ll,ll,-l,c-,. --|,„„l.l, Liulml, f,', r lie Urir. 

JilJIi.-ii:. .' iMI.Unimn CROWS MUSTARD. 



Welmr-trtneirlrnllofenfmod.. Wofblnkwekn™ 
how to tu|,urt Iborn, and b',» la iell thorn I. .,u (i .!,,, 
«ll. »od* WE'n'iLLTll'f * ' •""Ii, giro u> * 

«-l* J. I.. POLITE HUH 



O O A.L. 

A KTURACITE. W 
canitaoUy od I, ■-.'! on 

„ O. tt EAETUAH, 

19 OpoulloCoiioio Uuu 



Mr. BEOADWAT PIKHE D TO THE WALL, 

iiFMiiiii. rn-iNTtjTor' till vor rif.TTO Tin: i:sd. 



DauWeMthcj biro louiYorUoUi f.llcolnto lliio 




W. K. VANDEKSLIOE, 



S? 



■a WABHINaiON ST, 



FURNITURE 

AND 

BBDDING1 




JONAS G, CLARK & CO,, 

IMPORTERS AND MANUFACTURERS 
OF 

FURNITURE, 

BEDDING, 



I2S lYa-utiiRion afreet, 

SAN FIIANCISCO. 

WE HAVE SOW IN ET0RE 

The Largest Stock of FURNITURE Ever 

Offered on. the Faciflo Coast, 

which *• mil mi 

AT LESS PRICES 

THAN IT COSTS OTHERS TO IMPORT. 

JONES O. CLARK & CO. 

139 WuhlDgtoo Unset, Son FrsDclrco; <'.)..t,,1 51 !Y-urtb 



ti-lo California 

BEE-HIVE! 

The BEST, and hence the CHEAPEST 
IIvx ever offered to Bee-keepers. 




ii/-.-- 1 ™ p »-r. »Tiiii.s io pmciM uwr.s. ... :;ii;iit.-: j 

vkir -ri-J <:.t, .'"ill , |,-,,.. i-.ill.,:: ■ [I;..- ., ,,.?.: j--1l l... I ..r iLlLcr 
1. W MINI N. >:;:-n: ■r,.n(! r nem1 Ac-HtX 



\S. C ; WARN Ell, etoekioii. 
I l|.i.\.l ** 



RIGHTS la SIS, 



.. II AKU1MJ.V Pol 



Bees, Bee-hives, Honey I 

REV. L. L. LANG-STROTH'S 
MOVABLE-COMB H1VE1 

TTTBftiiiT HAMTLTOK, of SASTTA CLARA, 

APIARIST ASD AGENT 

For tho abort! named Potent Hive, for Califomin, 

Oregon and Washington. 

U3- Pononi nlihlni can obtain Xndiddool EIGHTS 
i.iihin laid Glaloa sod Tottllorj bj tending S15, bj 
Wolli, Forgo and Co.'i Eipntu, to tho uodonigood. 

llLRA!! nAMILTON. 

SanUClara.Fob 16, 1660. 2-3to* 



PATENT RIGHTS FOR SALE. 

No, L A New Rotary Subsoil Plow, 

Til. Intention oomolnelj pulroricci Ibo .ell .tier li[tb, r | L 

No. 2, A Corn Cultivator. 

roimt ncu j.MO'iiij; paper, npintd. 
Yj't 'I'-'* l !" r j'' ,1 '| l " '!"' " ; " 1° "",' """ ,,, °;blT n | o»rd 

I , ,(.-. I ly i',,1.-. u;i li I i.:i, ,...:■■ ri, ■■','•.,. ,,:■[ ■.'.'.;■.,,.','.;, "ii, ("*,.'! '■'■'■ 

Ho. 3. An Improved Clothe] Beet and Bar. 



No. S. A Hoikoto Bar. 

ri.i, ,,-,ii I.., ™„:j, ,..,„i-i i„ .-.ni-„ r „i,. |, i, ,i„,p taUl , u 
,,„.,„■,.,„■,. j,..,!,.- in ii.-. ,■„,■■„, i ,-,„ („ „ r , srd 

m'' i !.\\i'Iii : '"'''iii'ii' Ii'i-'J'm V u i i ' ' : l " lb '" : '"'"'"' °" J 
Alio, H j'do'a Patont Foit-Diivar 







' Domentlc Fowia. 

n.Kb-ON.H de.l,on. or pn«huln|t .01 

■i^ inuliMA I'ooTRA.^n.f '",i ';;:,.' ;;,' 

od .1 110 -od OB.U4. »T p*l f . S.,„p7e. 2 



73 



T 



HE CALIPOBNIA F ABM EB. 



Interesting totter from Eldorado. 

Obobobtowk, April B. 1B60- 
Bnrroa Fjehu : Your favor of lbs H W *•& 
received Bad contents noted. Wcnro in Ibo wtflU 
of tbe hardest "spell of mMluW" <™ ll "™ 
bad at this atvoii, ap here in the mountain), flut- 
ing tbe (i)t four years. Tbt amount cf bdou »nd 
r.iiri which has Fallen, within ten days, bn? been 
rerj great, at least nix inches, and probably much 
more. Look out for a-fiood in the Sacramento. 
Tbo ib»>*i of sii inches of water is thirty-one 
pounds to tbe sqoare foot, 8,432 pound*, to the 
■nuarc rod, G74 tuns (nod b fraction) to tbo sqnuro 
tww, oad 431,380 tuns to the square mile. Ex- 
tend these figures over the area of Eldorado 
county, fly 2,000 stju.iro miles, nod wo End that 
about s>Jl AsnaW and tizty milium lunt of icalrr 
bate fallen npno tbis district within the lost ten 
days. When we reflect Hint tbis immense weight 
in oii-Tied up from the ocean to n. bight of two 
to ibnr thousand feet, and evenly distributed over 
tbo land, bj nn agency which is not capable of 
holding up a muitard-aeed, we cannot but be 
filled with tbe most profound astonishment. 
Again, a largo share of this water is deposited 
along the high ridges or [he moiinlains in huge 
banks ol snow, nnu is there held by tbo low tem- 
perature, until the rajs ol tbe summer sun send 
it down in genial, life-giving currents, to the 
pirchid ond-thirsty valleys, precisely at the i 
when it is most wanted — when tbey must " 



□ere ill latitude 39", and nt on elev. 



a of 



3500 feet above tide-water, wo have a climate 
mm-kably adapted to tbe growth of all the ft 
and vegetables which property belong to n t 
latitude- Tho winter apples of Iho lliddla cud 
Northern Stntes, mature more perfectly, and. keep 
moth longer thin "at home." Tho small Iruits, 
sneb as straiilxrrii ■'. r .: - ( 1 1 . ■_- r r i ■. .-, H.ickbenies and 
currants, are more perfect than in Hortbern Sew 
York, Vermont ond Sew Hampshire. VTo hare 
cultivated strawberries and raspberries during the 
lost three seasons, with the most flattering suc- 
cess, and eijioct this season to have the Lauton 
blackberry, tho king of all berries, in abundance. 
It is certainly very singular, in n climate so per- 
fcetly odoplcd to northern fruits, that tbe peach 
and the grape should attain such great perfection. 
The most delicate vines nf Italy end Spain are not 
only hardy here, bat their fruit attains that rich 
saccharine quality which warrants Iho belief that 

sine and flaror, is better thon I ever saw it else- 
where, but il will occasionally suffer bj the frosts 
nf Spring. The night of the 7th was, I think, gen- 
trolly fatal to tho peach buds of this region. Wo 
had about eight inches or snow, and about tbo 
hardest frost of tbe whole winter. The sun rose 
clear, and tho rajs striking npon the glittering 
snow, thawed out the buds so suddenly as to cook 
them up nt once. Had the morning been cloudy 
they wonld probably have escaped. There is 

of early blooming pears, which arc ,o fur advanced 
as to be injured by frost 

Il seems to me that the belt of coootry nlong 

two to three thuusnnd feet, is the appropriate dis- 
trict, Instead of Oregon, for supplying tbe great 
valley with winter apples. I know that the cnlli- 
ai they 
fctbey 



Southern Stales 
if my impression 
such that they n- 



rinter fruit; but I 

e are a few sorts from thi 

:h will keep a long time, lu 

can compete in the morkc 
ts nf northern apples. I wil 
bis aubjeet now. Shonldliki 
f your fruit-growing correc 



Yours 



Clear tho Clarer.flui (mm WooL 
Wi are glad to notice by the Mercantile Gaiette 
and Shipping Register, that this subject is begin- 
ning to awoken proper attention. In our issoe of 
March 30th wo urged tarty i&,aring as the only 
way to avoid tbis evil. Wool loses a larp. pC( . 
teniae* of its value by reason of this bur. Tbe 
loss in some cases bo 3 been os high as 32J per ccot 
I'D machinery has jet been found able \u eradici :■ 



St. On»o. Hows, SamtAKKSio— Tbis hotel 
may well be said to bo one of tbo very best hotels 
in the State. It i, now in the glory of suctes. 
being as the saying is, literally Ja^mtJ faU wilt 
the legislature, with costomcrs, with balls and a , 
nitrous public gatherings. This hotel receive, i 
bounteous share of patronage, and it deserves ft 
Tho host is truly a general in his calling, OD d |., 
disciplines hli forces so well that in each oo. 
every department all goes like clock-work. Tl. 









fact, Gen. Hatchings does indeed understand nod 
put inn, pr-ieiicjl elf.xt the art of pleasing nnd 

llmki,,.. I,,, r „,:.l. ,.„ „„-,, ,|,',|,. ,,,,,1 | |: , .„„._ ; .. 

•■hi i:^„.j- n,,i,.i",,i ,i„. i...,.,.. ..: .'■!.■ . 

be a ph 



Cajscu 1 ! Ilumsthatid FtmH Hiblb. Tbl 

splendid work I. now being i„ ued in numbers b 
Messrs. Casscll, Poller S Gnlpin, Park Buil.li ■ 
P.-K Row, New York. The work i, «n( fcr.b i, 



btautif 
corded 
its lj|, 


lly ill 
o lbs 


Bib 




'!' 


the 




be 


v«k ' 


trsted 
The 
Kiln, 
Ilolb'n 


■■' i 


•W 


: 


™ 


r-,, ; , 

so i 


fc.lL.ll 

nnrtn 


°g 


L |«. r .| 



plying tho qunntity of cereals nud grossi 

i;"jili..-r- an J -quirrt-Li. Tin- ilrmieliing ri 

underground ba.bltai.inns, "["1 lb.ni d 
them by thousands. In some section! 
Joaquin county, soys tbe Republican, 



Hotci. Istnnsi 


lOML.— iTa bn 


veofte 




terms < 




of this large a 


d Wlsll- 


rr« n= -,«l 


ntel, an< 




w we shall be 


sustnin 


d in all 


e say o 


il, by 


those who pu 


ronixe 


t. The 


rdcr, nea 




d quiet that pe 




rery de- 










. Well 


eotilultd 


rooms, 


clean bed-liucn 


prompt alien d- 


ate for e. 


a table 
cellenc 




orpoM 


d in the 


'7- 


rtleh n 


ow makes it Ih 


A No. 


u f onr 



PACIFIC TIN-WOBKS, 

No. <M (:l..ii STRBET, 

S AIM FHAMCIBOO. 

B. O. ATJSTI1ST: 
TIN AND SHEET-IRON WARE, 

Plato, Fancy and Japanned Ware, 



STOVES AMD STOVE FURN1TUBE, 
WARE, TINNED IRON WARE. C0FFEE-MILL9, 
FBY.PANS, BAKE-QVEH8, fie, &c 

Tho largest assortment oTready-mndo TIN-WARE 

REPAIRING— Duns In a wortmnnUI 



BLANKETS 

Any Description of Blankets which may 
be desired. 

ALL-WOOL BLANKETS 

As conjured irllb lawe miiite from mixr-d umt^rtnli. 



9. TUN HER, 






ALEXANDER H. TODD, 

Produce and General Commission Agent, 

No. 40 CfcAV BTIIEKT, '. I: \ It DAVIS, 

SAN FJiANCISCO. 

ALEXANDER n.TODD has been eoeaeed insolllnr 
Oram «nd fr.,].^,-,, I,.-, S ,„.|.,:u,iM; ia, ,l.,-i 



FARM STOCK, &o. 



FIISriE STOCK! 

FOR SALE. f^^I 






Tiioiioi -an- ititE:i> stock 

-SHORT-HORN DURHAH CATTLE, 

eriko, sou^llll9W^ 

SHEEP 




TRAVEL] NO. 

Pacific Mail Steamship Company's Line 

VIA. FA.^TA.J^I.A. RA.ILROAD 

BMorth Atlantio S ten m ship Company 

AT AfiPlflfWALI,, F J ' 

FOR HEW YORK AND HEW ORLEANS 

THE ONLY SAFE AND RELIABLE ROUTB 
Departure from Fatanm alreet WlHrr, 

John L, Stephens, iftifib 

1.APIDOE Cumnn 

rithlbtltnlipl SIMM,' 
-ft '<•' PAN.1M.1, 

as piuuav, ... ... i r-u 1 1. aurii. 

And eooBwtVlMilfp™ A B,[ I r ZJ""' r """'' 
MAQNIFICEST STEAMER 
WORTH STAR, 

fOR NEW TO it K, ™ m * D 
E>-A-WIEL WEBSTER, 



50 HIVES OF BEES, 

J. Jl. PATTER SOI- 



|&irected neetly bj A. 

nm^few, |i<rai; 



,\ II -lly It 
I-.ir ,ul. .urir. ur 
u,v.,. 1 ,..L..-J|«r 



or» throoghuot tb, 
nl7for'«3"(3S)"nii 



CHOICE GROCERIES. 

New Ralslnsj Citron, 

CURRANTS, riOS, PRUNES, 4o , 
Per sale at 

a. l. emrsRDi .t co.'s, 

81 Clat 



'Enum...'." ess 3a| B^H ta ....'.'. aasc MJCHEREL, Tongues and Sounds, 



CUOICB BUTTER, ie , in Kits 






same | Rmi-n T.iioi., p a 



Son Francisco Caul a Market 

THHed fur loo Cu.iroi.ill Fuiau, bj W. J. tVliirivo, 
comer of Soucr »iri Soiuonw sirmu tdaick CorrnL) 



Setall Prices 



Washington Market— *piU M 
iuUBo-CT, v 0oz ■ 

ampkln.. ..^.l"*..." 
aW 9 B....'.V."i 



Aeplet, V 0> IMlit 


LIOIM B t 






doU»(« BuoiocVJenej c 




l r J- -• 'I ,:..,,....,(> Q _^ 


igSfJ'^WBl 










1 ■ "■ 1- ■■ . lV.il;..! . - 














g '^~^*-™k\Z^^*'* ■;<*** 


""tP. ■• '"^"bSIs!^ 1 "^ PD?** 1 , 












po« cba». ..";„;• ....^ 

nuuuoCbopB ..... —ff-£c 


;^PSI 






DKUodf BODTSc" 




t ■ )'. i- -. . .*" 'il 


J 1 * 1 ' 1 ''''. «Cb , UlOo .7i; 1 

B^hiu.iud, ' a! 


M.laiDO,*>0 ts H c' 


Cnb^laini, Viae m 


IJ^U 


H"&7£'"kt\ir£h '? I 






'o*^w."j' ,' , '- 


^MlDT*. .. ^ ft 3 , 


''"" *' M 


UUlbui, r.r „, p, 



Coal, Wood, Charcoal, &c, 

Paoiflo street, between Powel and Mmo- 

SAH FaAHOISOO. 



J! ti lis, jama, 

PBESKllVES, FRESH ERDITS, 
ESQLISII S4DCES, Ao. 



Comet Teas, Old Gov'ni't Java. 
Costa. Rica, and Rio ColTee, 

For sale at 

A. L. HOWARDS i CO '8, 



FIRST FREflmnH GOLDEN STATE 
SH1P-EBEAD AND CRACKER BAKERY 

^ Etowatore, 2 

{BVI»;cn Fruiu un J Dj.vi*l JAN FltAHCISCO 

DEETH & STAEfi 

MANUFACTtlHKltd OF 

SHIP, NAVY, AND PILOT BREAD. 
G ™, AHAM c R-a-o'^i E K. 



WOOL, HIDES, and SKINS, 

laPttrolia.sE.© ci 

AT THE IlIOIIBST stARKBT KATES, 

LONING & FUERSTEIN, 

EO FRONT STREET. 
Efc-^E), rJrt^* 118 ALa ° PEEPABBD ■" mtkollbr™ 



JAMES M. EDNEY, 

Qeaoral rnrohasiag: and Commtulon Kerohant, 



jMf.0,- ■■S.ath.rn sSS^SSh^^ 
»^Mna , iidV°V.' f U ndClra EniCABP0J11 '-'' r 

147 Chambers, atreet, New York. 

^Co«lnl,,I Un (,rhL ]ri n E andf UI „arJ| D| ., t „ . and . a . hnlf 



FrenoIi-SKerir 

[BUCKS.ff 

'l''!f : ."," J r ''-'' 1 '" ■' '" "" '"" ""'■'•'■f iiAiSBna, 



THOROTJGH-BRE D 

p^ French Merino Sheep.|||ft 

BERKSHIRE AND SUFFOLK SWINE. 

BU.r. nteC d 1D °t, n C ^id'l u Taj,lo=k'll u ,i b c '^ b^faSad""' " d 

1£ NEW MILCH COWS, 

T '"' n ■__ ' A L. B1HGHAH. 



H? 1 errets. 

VERISdIIISr DESTROYERS. 

A PAIR OF SUPERIOR FERRETS (Mala nnd Fa- 

" , '»l*r«'" i ™iBrit F 3™*™ tCOqble ' 1 b J ai "*i Oophcri, 

lrTin in i"' in i 1 | a b 01 * ! """ K in '° ""■ h0,e,, ll "™ k a0d 
Applr at tho OOico *f tho California, Fnrmiir, 



Ufarttrt daily fi,!7z JarUtn r.r.n rj ,>.-/, ni -I „', :(,..!, ;'.,lj 

OARRYIKQ OSITED STATES MAIL. 



.^SKS 


;i In'iiilr.' 'ill 


Red BlorTs. 

NE¥. )n.,_Pr»tdeilt. 


Itegular 
FOR 

^iviiiii-j; 

KltA.SCES I 
Jno re=ul«r rft»pnich 
For P^aitc-ha 
FroTghLapulyto 


l» 1 s p a t c It 

HONOLULU. 

LIPPBH BSSI 


Line 


™ 


5 


KlL. 



BERKSHIRE SWINE. 

rpHHEE PDLE-1T" 



o fill. I.- HI.., Lib I) 



SHEEP WANTED ON SHARES. 

?ie ™b«rtb^ w "X°£ke mo p ' *m! WM,erad ' 
WHITE, 



MIljilcu, a.nn'tlk,.. 



i.l^:'.^'- ".■.','. -,-;/;;. ',",.-. , : '.'. ..' ' ":'.-'■"'■ ;■■':; '. -V.''. 




L ;,. ■■ ■ " I- !■■ I..: ] i ..i. 



SF.TU W. FOffI,E 



lUELSluDoSlLnic. .■ . r-in , n,., , „, 

Ortjon^ and bj a« t *k dWrX 1 ^^,^^^^ 



BERKSHIRE AND ESSEX SWINE. 

l"K' n ,on . » nl =o f lin'E.'Sv 

AMERICAN EWES WANTED. 

, EEP-ltAIS 

A.MI-ILIi.'.i:; |-; 

robai fhrc»lliii K 

" hi-: t, urn.), ].,..|, 



L. HASKELL, & CO. 



HIDES, TALLO W, 



;. i'l: isih.u.'l. n/.r'.i ■'. ']'■,. ii '.'r^'^"^!™ '' 



OIRCULAR. 
r^- Tho Mcclia„l C .- lu.iltatc or tbo city 

S*n EiancbwonUl holJ thulr ThirJ Iodu-trial Fair 
tho mnnLh cf Sopitmbur, 1B60, in said city, and II 
oordiillj invito incchimloj, nuiouraclurtir, minor*, n 1 
c-Jlluri-rj, li.Tlioultorlsts, nnd all otbor pio-luieu lu 
ropro.^tcd Ih^roin br Ihoirirorksandprodnotj. 

Mo paiai will bo spared on thn part of iho tnititali 
rondor tho ooTuing Eililbltion otoo mora brllliaal a 
IntereJliDitlh.iriihdr tin, |,r.;.: P , tin,.- «.iic.., irl,i, G a „ u 

**ar that tho ><■.■.., ,.: i'!::'!,,' 1 , 1 ,,!;;, ]; ,:',l': lu '; l u"!' ,.^,1.,^ 



Br order of tho Instituto. S n " Dl °- 

WM. F. nEURICK, 
Correspond In „- s,-cKi..ir- 

OiT- Nonipnpors nn the PnolBo Coast, frlcndlr lo tin 

.,m., n „, ,,.,;.. r.H,,. .„[,., |,Ml.i,.b it,, ,!,.„„ Uii.-ul.r, 



FULL-BLOOD MERINO BUCKS. 

A !■. '■''"■ i. !""" i 'n"',' :l ;, ''■'■'" IUM -- |V "" !!■'■ i-.ii-i- ,o 

—jjfc Full-blood itlcrliio Slice.. 

chn°Lt"C."°° l 'AddroyEpnoa"F^^;" y '&'* 

BERKSHIRE AND SUFFOLK 
SWINE I 



r ■'■' ' '' '■■ ljl.1,1-.: ] -,,.i.,|; : j; . f u j|, l| ■ 



FiNE HIVES OF BEES. 

A GOOD FBESBMT. 

"■ , "'" ■ , lv'i' i -!^'.''^;,,': , h l ::',; N ■': 1 | l : l ,l, l : l, ■ , ; ;|, ■ | ■ «■"■ 

f JWn n ,,j i-„ oiD= ,„ dcLl „ b *; u |" [ " ll '.";|';'"; r ""' ,,r 
,''' UUJ[ -'«'S HEW JIIVE3 ccd bo icon at II 



PDioh MB a rt the Highert Jttarket Rate B . 



OALIPORNIA EAKMTEK. 
I0n* EnMcnM^o^ 

«S5«™ «,". * s ,^i™ ?£'&',', °?\'" m •"• Jn *"- 

-i :; '-i : ':ii. , ,:r 1 ' 1 ;,';',. , .;;, , ™, lffifln , w#i 

1] n^vinin'^ Jik V, '(T c !'' 1 " 1 ' "™«F- 

■ ^ '■";>-. ■"■7-i( , i «o»ct'i'. , 

™*f B »»**"-l i C a . , PrnitouJ, Or«on. 
Xlgn Agoiirs. 










y-.- 




VOLUME XIII. 



FBANCISCO, OALIFOBNIA: FBIDAY MOBNINO, APBIL 27, I860. 



NUMBER 10. 



% telifamia fai'ira. 



v.-l,i.-h liirnilb 
prickly, leofy, 



ffOLOKEL WAEBCK. 



The Houey-Bee Business Again. 

Sictimurra, April 20, ISM. 
.iron Fjemsh: t notice in your issue of thi 
rust., a communication over the signature o 



it Mr. K. gives bis test! 

iles mid districts when 
It eeetni thn.1 llr. Ken 



rni-avd C. 
firal shoul 
o the Slate 



ttner innocent or guilty of spreading tbc d 


'he only mis-quoting that has occurred, 


jwledgc, ia (but by Sir. Kennedy himself, 


owing comparison will show: 








"Itwooldieomth 




r.f the principal t'«-l 






"TcCt 


tbo Eastern Butea 




ughl and sold bttj iinving that dine.ii 


snnoteworeofihofA 


I. Sucb persons a 



easel ui 



liyfull.-r, n 

■r.,,\.i',' 



i- ll-liv, 

.,aln,.],, 

i.ueh.'d , 

d, ser rated, with [ 

, wilh pule purple 

inlc scales bristly at the cdg. 



1 the ] 



h ,k, w 



i frnr 



lulb, 



ML: J i 



"•■- "■".''. 

ft .^i'b' ill. 
them bnvioE 

e drts.-int'or 'i 

(,-JUUH teasels. 



. WiIdlMitl(/)..vf«"i=). 

-!, lea" robust than the Ton 
'. high. Leaves opposite, si 
receptacle straight. Comi 



Rape Plant and Rape-Soed OiL 
ie of the most important articles among 



ill hclllc {ITaltiot 
ssoui-nud, or lays 
imnlrly furniebin, 
which either ci 



.V'll <p.:d-pod with a til 



1)1" tills unilill- ilelcl.inmeil 



e, especially if then 
w is generally bui 
over the Hold; It I: 



!, whicl 






Rape Ii a plout of the cole kind, greatly 
■led in Flanders for the sake of Ibe seed, but 
,cly valuable also oa green food for cattle 

ir. Low, "usually cultivated under the name 

c, are [he fusiform varieties of Iho following 

sofbrosaicn. Colo or rapt (A nopua), colta 

ru), fusiform common turnip (B. npa), 



mJ mirly c..|t(/(. ;jr*->jj." There nr tf .I.IIV,.,,. 


cm|,.iel i.j be water-proof. 










great serviec- in feedim; cattle ; .,[,,] mi,., ihc- EC ,-.J 
















|.I.LI,I i, gravm with e'riLlI i.dl.lllt ,(- P]| Ik.j; I'lilnl, 


vestige of live tule root. 




One ol my neighi>'.,r- inn 1. 


f.iils uu iiiiy =uil. Cattle- are .vl successfully l.il- 


first stripping tbc bed for b 


[urofpaT' 111 "' Ibat B "" V fBtm<!ra P ™ r " " *" 


'^^"'BuUt'i^ot^essa 


For gnrden culture, rape is propagated by seed, 


With a good levee, ail fccl 




ir suffer the penalty. 

irian of California" (as Mr. Kcn- 

ealls me) begs leave to join him 



if can regret the 



bat called forth 

i. But few persona, perhaps, 

United State* have a larger Interest 









uilenl, however, thai if due care is taken 
,e further spread of Ibe disease, that it 
ne be eradicated, and the business of 
iing placed oo a permanent bosis. liy time 
y will dill be apenuo further that object, 
■hither the blunderbus la fired ngoin or not. 

truly, ' J. S. H.m. in ■:-.■;■■. 



upon their land, to remember that naiurc tell: 
Hum they en grow ibis article proutubly. Th. 
following (i „ description of tbo plant: 

Teasel, or Teatlo (Diytoau, supposed to be de 
tlTtd from di P , ao , to thirst ; in consequenco of th 
«Bre> holding B »ur). It is a curious geoua o 

l ' , " ,i; ■-• ll "' >\>fMS ..r.; prt-lty ll"vrr, N 

^i.r.1-, ...in-iiMly tin, jmajl teasel. Tin-,- irr.,1.- 
Well in any iliuiniu,, . .,[1, - 1N ,| „, L . , CJ .]ily i,„:r,-:i „-,l 
by (tedt. Tbcri; arc in England three unlive 

1. Tit mnnurod or fuller 1 ! teasel (D. fiilU 

11 >i-l- ... ,i.,ii- ..I.,,..,, |,, ,(,.,., t an scarcely be 

^;' : ;V' i '■■ il ' 1 ' Tl " ■i-:i-.i::«iu,.n-,iv-,- U i- 



•ryaptlnrhed. 
In England, r 
cqueully called 



ike left after pre.' 
ir feeding cattle 

-luiiililij,^ |],„ : , b i 

i the cabbag 



n July and August, and mui 
lid upon cloths to dry, as It i 

(Itoviitt napa* ayfcui™) i 
aad, and In France nwtu. I 



ami it- TO,, 
n latter. 



kinds most 

.1 tb.:olli..T 



/, hy Jli 
the aftt 

.lllFl-.-.i. 



tha neccBfary Hood-gatca, you c 
dry that the tule will not 

:lcs therewith, tall enough c 



One ol my ncigli- 
ick with "red-top," 
baa taken completn 

onlly for two years. 






Imoat all kinds of grain i 

in tuavini.iil llial r,ij land 
j rice. Tbo nigblJ, pjt-rli 
r MiiiiiR Uirolinn ri.-, lot 



t In hlglit, boro a 
:e of iheto, and < 
no in too dry a st 



profitable productions. 

Tbe writer of the obi 

f cased of the right spirit 



trying alt kinds of 



7ogo table Physiology. 




ad :-..iiUj. .1 i-;. ■:!;,. id n : ,M 
Draw (be earth slightly 
id bnarda, to form a fitUng trough, 



idiog for a f 
II not require 






tags tn bn suflicli 
For winter eel. 

Tbey may bo b 



ry tbo trench, 
nc-and-o-half Icci 

inked up In the us 
litter on the top. 



found t 



my bo objected that 



Fnoif Hulf-M.iou Bay, we received tins 
iluli d March S5lli: 

Crops of every description In this 
hood look remarkably Gnu. A great i 



vlll be plant- 



Jon occasion ally hcrenfWr. 



A Large Apricot— And 
Tuebb is a happy emulation anioi 
opulatloo in Ibeir producttooa — < 



intlful Robgb. 



r, April 22. 
ry well that 



-1 ,.-. ,,- 1 .1 


tics connected 


,1 ll,.ri.:lll[ U 


:, and during 




cat gardens of 


erare ™ C wb* 


ro. The number 



have ever tried, including earth, dry Band, saw- 


one hundred thousand (were wo to double that 










lages ore manifold ; no slug or inject will harbor 




in it; it drains perfectly, retains the solar warmth 




without over-heating the plant, absorbs all the 


its glory. 


ammoniacnl gases arising from the application of 








.-ulnl mn-j ol gulden r„-iei, in dusters projecting 




from the buildimt, and conreivc, ii the render can, 


proper management, ulso, two rows of celery may 


tbe rare beauty of such a Bight. 

The Yellow Banks ii Koso will, ere long, he es- 




Dig trenches two feet apart, about eight inches 


Knglnnd— one of the finest climbing roses in the 






ground with a rich compost of loam well decom- 




posed manure, and (aiuW Sofr nfusc (tbc latter 
being Iho best possible food for celery, and ob- 


P. S. Duly npprecinimg your kind notice in 












we are engaged, during tbo Tow days we remain in 


rows. On cither side of the rows, about six inches 





Improved Mllkpon. 
We have lately einmined a. now «tylo of tin 
mllkpan, which nppenia to bo a great Improvement 
on the old, and 09 we know it is for tbo advantage 
of our dairymen to bo possessed of the best imple- 
ments, we wish to make it known to them, or to 

around tbo bottom of the old milkpnn is a sharp, 
square edge which easily wears out, or is in- 
jured so as to canso the pan to leak ; while, on 
tho insido this sharp edge or "corner" Is very 
bnrd to clean, and therefore is opt to become foul, 
causing ibe milt to sour, and being nt least disa- 
greeable. Tho new pan Is intended to qbvlnle all 
this ; it has what is called a stamped bottom, that 
Is, tbc bottom is sunk below tho scum, or rounded 

lower seam a Utile above the bottom of tbe pan, 
and give a rounded edge inside and out, Tho ad- 
vantages of this nro obvious. Tho scam is not 
not liable to Injury or tho pan to leak, and It will 
thus last much longer, while It can bo cleaned 
readily and perfectly, and everything kept sweet. 
These advantages appear to be sufficient to induce 
n general adoption of the now pan, and the addi- 
tional price will bo no hindrance, as it Is but fifty 
cents a duscn over Iho old— a mere trifle. TheiB 
pans can be found nt tho Pacific Tiu Works of B. 
C. Austin, Clny street, bolow Buttery. 



tfob at'AXnnE— Sir. V. W. Smith 
it of the Onoudnga Salt Works, Syra- 
onnouncca, for tbo benefit of those 



Smith i 
attend i 
for ash 



^r Vi.NU 


" 


ehad 


in any i|.,a 




lei 






ship 














nnn 




phonal™ 




'an? 




■ Is, „ 


i!| U ii"M i'" 


r"" 


lliL-jr 


wheat Ibis f 


',';, ™ n 


a br <""leaat 


la 


In- ., 


unl ijunulily 




n 11 Silbsp 




at n 


meeting of t 


oFnr 












observed thai 








the yard or 


ii, 


a.e 11 


e eowa, while miik- 



bo would tnlk nud intern pt the 
ury, and that in thrco days after- 
;„ l» ,k. j...J .1 nlik n, ,,„l 
.mount he woald hnvo had to pay 



74= 



THE CJ^Tu IFOE NIA FARMER 



CALIFORNIA NOTES- 

THE nfDIANOLOGY OF CALIFORNIA. 
Ho. 6— San Antonio Mission, Monturay Co. 



QaaBoKM? Qoidip) oimchaun Huso. 

Qua nice In raaaro ? Qniiligo efmeln mail. 

Xolaoygo? Awpls.aneo. 

Qnnnda U irt.7 C« "-"°^ 

Qunndi fit m!iii> h«b» la Mo Lculslon la Jnon Irai 

cau rendraT 

Qnedo en San Antonio? Dcpit Liguia sepo Sun An- 

(Jtul do oqntllos qaeres? Cncta pelimalogi 



otroj dor a In KtJ°? 


Lctniconc 




Cbiuioantl. 










To derm qoando morlro 




De anion escMo colon r 








Quisdo in iran? 












Qua la dira cL padro 









i el padro cd Quo lal cmihirl, l.i !■>'" 
oicimsicb. 

d padre CD Qutti lo toiujili In [M'ir 



Hania? 



Xblc- 



Lial T1 



(he Mission of Soledad, in the Indian and Spanish 

ignages, written out by tbe Spanish priests, 

!l. There is also preserved there a lengthy 

yihulary or the Sao Antoniu Indians, written 

nnt by Pairre Buenaventura Sitjnr, about 1(50 

In Ibe Siission of Santa Ynei ia preserved also i 

Fjrammnr of the- Hnlsun Indian language uf Sat 

Boulisln, whieli is a companion to tbi 

M'i! : -in Tocnbnlary mentioned in those papers oi 

it Indians of Santa Crot county. Tbo Tocnbu. 

,ry was found at Snnla Cmi by Father Cumclias 

i ISSB, a D d the grammar at Santa Yncs, bj 

■ript of sorao severny-four pages of small octaro 
ad is copied out by Father Tapis from Pndre 
Arroyes' tDOnuscript; tbo latter died nt £ 
Tnes, in 181!, as heretofore mentioned. 1 
Tocabu lories, catechisms, and grammen, 
been forwarded lo the Smithsonian Inslilul 
copy out for use in tbclr publications, and I 
printed as soon as circumstances will permit. In 
Dnflnt do Hofrns' work on California and Oi 
Paris 1843, the Lord's prayer, in the Indinr 
gqiges of tbe twenty-one Missions of Calif 
is printed at full. This work has an oic 
catalogue ol works on California up to 1E43, 
Large additions to the knowledge of lh( 
gunges and habits of the Indians ot Pacific North 
America, including California, Oregon, Washing- 
ton, Utah, New Mexico, and Ariiono, may he found 
in the pablicatlons of tbo American Ethnological 
Society, in Hale's Philology of Wilkes' V. S. Ei- 
juJiiiun of IsHS-r'J, I'j.-l^ringV limes of Man 
of Species, 



leaf of at 



sed in 



3 old, had 



ibnlnry was made on tbi 
It, about 1787, by Padre Baltasai 
SHc^, at San Antonio Mission, in Monterey county 

dian of this Mission, with whom I 
1B50, about twcnty-fii 
heavy heard and mustaehe, aa moch so as Ibat of 
any white man, and bo had tho usual brown iris. 
AnolinalireCalifornisn.who was brought up at 
San Antonio Mission, tells mo that these Indians 
eonld not conrerse with the Chaloncs, of the Mis- 
north. A brother of this last, who also lived for 
many years at San Anionic, and is still living 



a folio* 



San Ant 
Tho F 



a of tl 



if the Mission was called Tcs. 



,e Rancherin of tbe loloncs was on the pres- 
ent Kancho Los Ojitos; Sapay wis was tbe Ranch - 
eria of the place oow called Salqnalcu, after a 

atcd on the present places culled Piojss and Concla 

Tbo name of the Itancheria nf the site of 
San Miguel Siission was Chulam, or Cholami (7). 
These Indians spoke the same language as those of 
San Antonio, being only thirty miles lo the south- 

(rom the Tula.;- Lakes. TL? President of tbo 



iit, Frio 



834 Indian a 

that, during 

6,314 had bee i 

The Indians 






nade the i 



i Id bil 



ted in a Supc 



their modes or adoration was, when smoking lo 
bacco (indigenous), Ihey raised Iheir heads |, 
hcaron nod blew the smoke upwards. Tbei 
■women were well treated; many of the mother 
had tea children. Tbe people dressed in deerskin 
and used bowa and arrows. For food tbey nsei 
pine-nuts and acorns, which ore still eilraordina 
rily abundant in ibe vicinity. In war ihey tool 

dances; ihey also ha.il iho singular custom o 



a will, i 



if the c 



Tbey 1 



LH,,;, 



jlcmft's six volumes or Ibe R. S. 

Vs Mexican Boundary Survey, the U. S. Rail 

Surveys, Bartlctfs Survey of Mexican Bound 



Peter Force, of 
uch hiddeo mat 
ill lo bo found . 
exico, which v 
ilifurnui Hihii.: 
cords. A revi 



'asblnglon 1>. C. D 
on Iho California fi 

he College of San Fen 
the Mother Institul- 
and preserved Ihcil 



subjee 



o attached n full Bibliography of work, 
published on these subjects. At the C 

Sew Spain, were preserved in IBU2, ; 

mscripts of Fathers Dela Sueo and Pali 

Ihe Indians or Alia California. A very c 

at of tbe Indians uf the Pnnln de los 



it I'find i! v:lIii:.I.iIl l'.Llilin,.'L-.i|>liv uf ..Id H|,;mii.Ii 


loUie facts in il,e hiin.rv of fli-.,' fr.ini.t uli.-n 


uid olher works from l.'.M io I77J. on Spanish 








:*lkcliun of Travel* and W.-.i^s of Fernaui 




Jompjino, Paris 1337-10, and Ihe works of Alex. 


tho index of vnit-ility with the first group, lie 


Itimboldt, conLiin also viilniit.lt.- lu.iitrinls rulul- 






Inench of Ibe Iwcnty-onc Mission? of Califor- 


















inevitably contention! on M.rnti p.icirli.ir org:lni;,i- 



ic St. Mary's Catholic Library of S, 
is also a valuable series of original 
|.. . , and letters of the old Mi - 

i English Chronological Index, con 
rilcr of Ihesa Moles. In the seri 






!, in Iho office or lh 
ifbrnin, at San Fran 



a Califo. 

The number of Indians within Ihe boundaries of 
ur State, the old Oregon of 1830, the present 
tab and Western Mexico, eatimalcd fur tho year 
B2B, in the first part of Iheac Notes, haa been 
mch doubted by our Coliforoin co temporaries, 
nt n reference to a coram oniculion of Mr. B. P. 
Sacramt 



f Indian 

Shoshone: 



a- that, ■ 



i ling i 



:s, the E 



had their feasts and 
their songs of war 
adoration. They ht 
lirno lo mix with lb 
lowed to make the 
Spanish very soon, i 

table. The raneherios were generally name 
tho chiefs. The women were modest in th 
bavinr— as mneh so as tho Gento doltasor 
covered Iheir waists with Inlc aprons. The 
ninos, as ihe Spaniards afterwards called 
wore tall and well-made, color light-brow 
good beads or boir, and many of Ihem very thickly 
bearded. In the old times, before becoming 
Christian), they palled oat their beards. They 
burnt their dead, with songs and great walling,. 
They had a iopt „ [i[ion ot lrouition o[ „ ^^ 
water which corered the Inud in the old times and 
had Iheir priests, who were tbe sorcerers (hichos- 
eras). One of Iheir superstitions was that the 
■humniiug bird (chup.tosa) was first brother of 

thoy retired lo a brush hot, hy a spring of water) 
■ccompanied by a female friend. Wheu lha infant 

jlouc.nnd il was immediately washed in the spring, 
and in two dnys the mothers were ubonl their 
*orlc Some of these Indians I saw in 1856 wore 
abort and (loot, with big beads and the hair com- 
ing low down over tho forehead, ood with thick 
■beards and mustache. 

Indian names of iho Itanehcrina of San Antonio, 
from the Mla.ian hookl; chacoraei, Sleloglarno 
Texjo, Zu»alete, tamacc. (on the sea-shore); OI.il 
tamn (in the mountains ncnt ihe coast)- Chuna- 
patama, Cholncjlc, Ginnce, Zurablito, Tsi'lncomap, 
Atnel, (Jhuiach, Cinuisel (on the Montercv ltir 1 
Tetachoya o. Ojitos, Qnina or Q U i n£1 «j a Einlu , ,'' 
the beach); Beama, Tecolnm or n0B Aniho Ar- 
royo de San Lorcnto of Rico, Lima Subasama 
. IolDn,Cbuqullla(orSonMigo r ]ila]. Uea't names ' 



-, „ u „„ -..gunnaooanLa untgarl- 

n 6an Lnis Obispo county, was known as Ssg„,. 
eatacM SttO , AD1Ofl!0 Utuion !' •«» presomd t hl 
catachinaonhe Indian, of San Antonio and o 



i.l 


uedsuc 

and fin 
by tb 
. The 


1 l-v <:..'r, 
!ly stupof 


dr,>„ K lu--r 
3f' clouds 

Il lli.d lllifr 


f ae 
a led 


.■lit 
ild, 


mill th 


i l . 1 1 . ■ i "n 

.-.. of (ton 


.,t:'r.| ; l'.„' 
v.liioh t-lr 


.fill! 

kc ih 



ihe arts and cunning of ihe archliecis, and the 
raplete obliteration from men's ebronlcie, of 



nything they loft behind the. 
iimlilo Klruclnrcol any kind b t 
rilhio the present houn'tinrle" of 
blu lo the Indians, though Iho 



;<haocs no-lion £! ^ ol£i, "« ' ".' ** '•$"« 



( of Nor! 



., ofH 

ng in tho center of tbo eontj 

SK'iSta,"?, "",:S te;; ';.T,b' 

ipread In the remole uniloultj- north eooth et 

Inqolry, and only 



Suicide, 

Thih direet seir-mntdcr is nil everyday item it 
the newspapers of Ibis Slate, the causes of which 
ore not investigated; tbo facts merely suited a nt 
that is tho terminus of tbe hideous act, till an- 



j scir-i 



urdcr, 



licuinrly ihoSB who cui 

scientific Expose of Suicide, from tho Scalpel, by 

Dr. W. Byrd Powell. 

Suicide; h Ihrrc any organic lair favoring it? 

There Is pcrhop 









n tbi 



,.ii. 



of diOcrcnt classes of individuals 

nil lo uny vnricly and out 

rather than dispatch themselves 
tppnremly, urc induced lo do it 

iri.iid.Tut.lc motives. 

results from a peculi 



me. 0r A few day's ( 
have now forgotten 



r In i-l 



tely di 



v j,..,ni: 
d that si 

i his face mutilated, i 
rise, ho will say to h 
Hid I will nol live 



o tbe si 



n lr,.|!:,. 



himself b 

ugly; I hove also ibo skull of an Indian wire v 
upon being inrnrmed that her bnsband was at 
lo take another wife, drowned herself. 

However suddenly death by suicide may s 



1 di ■ .i.| ■■Jin II in ril ■ 
ons, death often 

'orce— that is, [be] 



If wo compare tho Index of viability a 
pressed upon the skull in any given nutn 
irania of those who died ofconsnniption, wi 
»mc mark in on cqnal number or these who 



or his Mends famished evidence that placed tbi 
fnct beyond a possible doubt lhal he hnd meditated 
suicide for three months betoro I gave my opinio: 

Suicide la effected liy o considerable vnricly o. 
means; Ibe highly destructive usually prefer to do 
il with a coiling inslrument; tho courageous with 
a pistol; and Iho cautious by hanging, poisoning, 
or drowning. 

I will now give you the hlslory of one suicidal 



About thirty years s 
oceofa highly Intel! 
ispectably informed •• 



tl ji.indiinl. As a more 



in. If' Ho 
dulgcd to inebrit 
"iperature abov 



a frcnucnlly inle. 
aving any design i 



uformed him that 
ealh more instant 
oison. At this 
fhich I npproprio 



nib c inside, and 






" ho continued 1: 1 do t 
a d — d bog with my l 
sailed on yon lo ruak 



ougli.lob; 




n [n-tiilii.riij in tho cerebral organiaa- 

t non in the production or suicide. In Sir. 
* system of Phrenology, lhal portion of Ihe 



by a mark or ?, whic 
What is ihe function 
which Mr. Fowler v 
thesohlimo; nod In 
and hence 1 have den 
neas— a desire to dis 
or purposi 



nyobs 



i Ur.Fon 



vattoa, 



is pbrei 



lo B y is e; 



,..11 V 



'e thl: 



wler and myself can sciilc tbe question, 
wall the result of fumre observation. Tbi 

mod of thirty years, and I nave no dunl 
have mdicaied ils Hindion. I have uni 
observed thai good wnlch-dogs uniformly 

rTnia of'°e '"^ d "" ,0V ' 

t four men who mnvlii- ,)' ',Z'[ ''"',■' 
a suspicion of their fidelity, and I obi 
:l " ' ■t't'iiLliy l..rn... |„ bolli tlnffcs 



only ,,„, 



v nil their ii 



="lty, n a a jear„''u , a 



id the violated laws o 



"' '- fining ih, „.,,,■„, 
"I'Oiifd ii r.-|ii-:t.-r mill i„ 
■>■ ""■' ley ol oil th 



nceslry, that I 

my ownsatis- 
'- ecord of 



■Inave'yerwa 
Inl orgooimlions 

omiuatlon, and m 
u the last fifieei 
unclusion tbat lb 



head publicly orn 
my remarks I ex- 
■ finding n gen He- 



""'I „n,.-,i„„.,. ir , ',, , ' '"'■'. '„' i „, 



oyot 



■ay I 



fifteen 
cred. 



ndllion is, 

fo responded: "Certainly I will 
hin(! lo save you.' 1 
De now sat down 
.ocessary writings, « 
calhly drug. I pu 

■oil till be finished w 



in ,1 rli. ,;,,[,,./ 

{ will do any- 






, and tb 



would require" Iho drug to do ils work. 

nol loe-iN.r Hi-mi driven seconds. Ho nui 
head, mid swullmveil iho conleuis of 
and ns his head again reached tho pilli 
lo mo : "God bless you." I made my D; 
us po-tii,!,-, Hiking hi. door-l:tT -.villi | U . 
ing his door after me. 1 locked bis 
look a seal nl It, and watched him II 

long ones. Il hns been fully n minulc! 
am yet. It Ihe v.l,,.kt world hnd n..nr, 
bo was cnpFiblo or trilling with me In I 
would not have believed it, for I felt 
thai he was a pink of honor ,.,„! hou, 
has been plain ,„ ,„, lor .,„„, ,i„„, ,,„„ 
Hi, so Jays ran bo iruslcd." In Tour or fj 
the emetic l) L -„[, i.i lumscaio him, wl 
ol,ill,i,d; "\\\\[, | reckon it is aboul 



IS ICSl-pOCkct. All':.,,,,;'. „., ,,.|.. 

vays approved ibe „,!.,,! | ,-.,,',: 
.anly nbiist n b oul ;,. I, :■■■'■ . ii.pci 
ed. I aroused b.m. nod i-. „.,,,! i,..i. 
ooswend, "I Ihiok 1 r,,l Idler ■ 



io my duly, and tliM (he doctor who would 
enctvdna I bad would hnve proved tb< 
'■ I'" iMTumue,); "I'otlor, I undcrs 






iticaliy, boiler than yon do. Ice 






you for sustaining your pro renin mil brcihren~C 

let mo tell you, *i. ,,,„1,| I. „, routed <U* 

forme in-lhe ,„ii,:, .,( „,„■ |d,-.,„ i, n :- "S^** 
and I think any where el>e. II, u 
maybe, I will- - 






r physit 
w pledge myaoir I 

f> liquor." My ncqnnli 



you 



offer; and I 
I iDdnlg. n j 

■owledgo, he truly "he id' to hispled"' 

iblimehonhviiv, intinif,,,,.,, ,■„,.-' 
ere gmlitude, nod In my integrityib 



i general obsemUfc 
ited insanity. AI1 » 
some of your unpra. 






l Pari 



Iwo ponnd3 dour of sulphur, arc 
nn iron vessel; after settling, Il 
thrown off and used when needed, 
taken : for if it will destroy weed: 
certainly destroy edgings and b 



destroy weeds, is f 

with good effect: _ 

ounds quicklime, sag 



,, 'Im,i 



Wee 



'NURSERY,^ 



A CHOICE COLLECTION OP 

THE LARGEST AND BE3T ASSORTMENT 0) 

FIRST PREMIUM HOSES anil DAHLIAS. 
Evergreen and Ornamental Shrubbery. 






GOLDEN-GATE 
3S" XT H S EI XI TE" , 

Comer ot Fcn.rU. and Polaom Biceeu 

UAItDY EVERGREEN SHRUBBEitr, 
GREES-HOnSE PLASTS, 
EVERGREE.V CLUIBLN'G VINES, 
ROSES, in 3fiO Tnrioties, including Enn stan, 
DAHLIAS, FUCHSIAS, CARNATIONS, 

Flowering Plantx lor llic Cnrden, 

QBEEN-HOUSE, AND CEMETERY. 
Plants carefully packed for Iho Interior or for *: 
DS-CatauiousswIII be furnaided by mail, on 
„„ 1C.0. WALKER, Pronrioti 



ilcas 






■in,. 




After 




■ nil 




d. 










n'i, 


lh 




'Hi' 


ovule 


,11, 


or 


mi 


l.r 




,, 


















"K: 












Vhe 


lift 


'.ill! 


."111 




tiiueit fur 


l.llIIHd: 


Wl, 


1 do 




lii- ii 


an? 



•;■ ■ i,r„„;„T ; csisE 

my annely „, ii,„K.r,.t l in.| tbi,; ,„U„; " I |, lrJ i^,i 
-I him lnqnl*ii„lv, „,„i „ ,|„ ,| ,,„ ,, hm] B0 *~£ 

: "- ,'"iif- i 'i,j l . , i''!'i m'i'u h "i "" awctdu : [ E°vo iiini 
is A mlm, T a " °" „ h ° ^4""'°" S™* upon 

"ar Kielr'od JH^^ 1 '^ *° "'^S 

■itoranau ^uinir,,,' I"; "" ' ;-> Lll Kly paliiful. 
t>e«or r iryn„we,nno lt .l,nu7i thV ,"''' : "" Vl1 ' 
yourptoJsinn can f^^I ™«P«" 
been In etortluity." I nssured Un ^ , hrf »»« 



MAIN & WINCHESTER, 

l&CA. icy TJ^-ja. C T TJ B ER a 

tefB and Importers of /^* 

" HARNESS, ™ 

W HIPS, COLLARS, 
SADDLE-WARE, &C 

He. 82 Battery street, 

Batnonn Long Wharf and Sacramo ulott root, 

SdjV FRANCISCO. 

NE— Repnlrlni; promptly attond.d to— fleeOU*,: 

■ .1 WSaillli ST -Mil, IIAUNC-.-KS, sr.lS» 
SHiOIvS, und I.A-.U !■:.-. „l [be l.v,l ,|U.,lilJ-,conlUS* 



LAWRENCE & HOUSEWORTH. 

OPTICIANS 

Mo. ITT Clay Street, 



OOLD, SILVER, AND STBB1 

Wllh lha boil quality of f}l„ !M , anu [ ha eel.tatrJ"' 

BRAZILIAN PEBBLES. 

BrirHlusri, Ortiivl.iH Inst ««**'* 

STEREOSCOPES AND VlElVS, ETO. 

Pocket-knives, HbzoTb! Sciiorfl, ««■! 

5iT«ioiif, ASSBa fiilod ta Frflq '"' aai RST i 
BONE ]DTJSTi 

FOR FARMERS. 

BONK DUBT lnihene. l r^ u 7r rti.«i I .oofftn»rii 
quirt fediiuor, am bo bsd in 

X*ot& to Suit) 
PIFTEEflr DOLLARS FER T<* 

AT TUE 

SUGAR REFINERY. 

Corn/? of Price and Harriton ,irteU, Sin iraa* 4 



1 



T HE C ALm5 ENU F ABMEB. 



75 



jg offFE TTAT MEETS OHE AT THE BOOB. 



The little cbiekon. run to meet, 

Ul.l l-i-.-.T li-l. ■ l«. i proffered '" lJ ' 
A„d ',.■■!. ! ; ,r.-J..-n..-i in in. sand. 
TW r,.-!hlBC I".'. I v r -nd h.r.r^-. 



NURSERY BUSINES S, fee. 

j. eTray, 

SEED AND NURSERY DEPOT, 

100 J STIVEET, 

SACRAMENTO, 

5 3D 
r of ■«■! en 

TREES, SHRUBBERRY, AND VINES. 



:.";!;$'" 



TILB ItlMESTBD WAS. 

Wnr need I rtrivc or sigh for wealth? 
Ton b'.jtvm lia'b sent DC 'trcsplb and hi 



But Ir.t Ih( 
Ce.mpI.lo Is a I 



Rvsav uue La-s- bt.ifJ of tbe eloquent, pathetic 
ind humoron- Hump-orator of Ohio. He ml 
mejaounced by Mr. Cloy l> most competent on- 

:olucidc T nfter having beard Cloy, Crittenden, 
looes or TennentM, Folk, Benjamin, Soule, Ran- 
dall, Hunt, Tom Marshall, General Lamar, B>1«, 
Douglas, and a bail of o lb ere. 



-ri.d I. 



of fu 



into even depnrtatenl of life. In ilio prirata circle, 
[ where be knew every person nno unbnsomed him- 
self fully.be was the raosl delightful and genial 
EoaYeraatiooaliit t ever listened to. I do noi 
know that he now, u age and infirmity are creep 
ing on, indulge in tbii proclivity to butnot t< 
much bb he used to do; but some twenty yean 
ago be used to tell, with great gusto, the following 

"In early life — =o early that I cannot rcmombet 
the removal — sit father 'palled up slakes,' and 
carrvioc with him the household goods, wenl 

born to Uhio. N-iHviib't.iodiog .i rough-and- 
tumble struggle with the world, be had a hard 

iticr-i:iML- r.mii'ly. Well, family matters hod nol 
much improved when my thirteenth ur fourteenth 

At this lime there lived io the neighborhood a 
jouog man num.: I ricki-ring. He had Inherited a 

WL-ll--iv-l^-i i'tui, v.-.i- ^wd-K.king, and made 
■ tIOIlEproftiiii.ii .-I rtlinioo. Thi- l-itlcr .|Uulitl- 
cation caused him 10 Cod peculiar favor is the 
eyes of my fiithrr, who always wai blinded by 



o ba band lo i(i» Slate, ooctsiiIin C D[ ereryTnrloly of 
Almond, Mulberry, 

Apple, Nectarine, 

Apricot, Peach, 

Blackberry, Fear, 

Cherry, Plum, 



s ^ 55 s s ^ 

ronnd at my Seed and Nursery Depot. 

shade"trees, 

irsatt Ihb learon, ce-niiitlnr or— 

10,000 Locust Trees, 

1,000 China Trees, 
lombnrdy Poplar, 
Mountain A ill, 

Magnolia Aonmiiiata 
Together with 
Sim, Linden, 



Maple, 
And other Evr«r 

The Loenits ar 
tht State, ftr be; 



'■ N" L - >■ 



.led, by at 



a liia; they 
lenui"t«enlyr*aliahie,bl. 

SEBDSTSEEDS! 

The oiteosira SEED DEPARTMENT containi a 
FOB THE GARDEN, FEELD, FOREST AUTIESEBY, 



SEED, PLANTS. &o. 



, 



New York Seed Warehouse, 

So. II SAJI9UME STltBKT, 

SAN FRANCISCO. 
C. L. KB^LOOG * CO., 

Garden, Fiowet, Frail and Tree Seeds. 

laVE TOR SALK. "I I.ATK IMl|mtTAT^Orl. _. bre. 

' ' '" BUTi-'l! ill'l.H'il 1 - l«H.n>i 
urs'ii viimh liii.i^M 



TOEAOOO. 
a. parol 
■ TIGHT, Seed Leaf i 



■lets. Catalogues on .jpll' 



GARDEN AND AGRICULTURAL 

SEED WAREHOUSE, 

K». 108 (11.11'OKMl STREET. 



2 



<£4£ TO TUB SEED TRADE. 

We ho« the largest and moslyi 

FRESH FIELD ARTJ GARDEN BEEE8, 



Oar ilock ceojliU, lo pan r>(: 
ALFALFA or Chile Clover Seed, Pons. ; 

IL-d Ulnfi-r ; Tiinuiliv Cr.i.-j; Red-tap Gnus; 
Ky. Blue Grass ; Hungarian Grass ; 
Millet ; Orchard Grass ; Rye Grass. 

Oaides Seeds. 



FRUIT, TREE, AHD FLOWER SEEDS, 

Budding and Pruning knives, Garden Tools, etc, 



a ■hat is marked 00 the label. 
Sop Vines, Ehubirb Boots, Aiparsirci Plants, Oraps 
Cnitingi, Dahlia Boou, 
od oterjlH'ine arneitaininc to tbo Seed and Horse ry 

AKTICI10KE5, CHtiFA^oftlclei danrvlD«;Bc«lal 



J Th 


B Ml 


K 


L.| ,1 


trong bankerin 


E after one o 




















jteful. She si 


med alwny. 


























ftr 


rai 


of 




ler. Tbinc 














>;X: 


klar 


,ly 


ill o 


F him 'income' 


of biro, I re- 




lot 




.n 1 








thai 








o of (access 














froin 






id the family 


their nightly 


,1-v.i 




Hn 




by the windo. 


of the room 




l-Iii!i 


and 


"" 










vercd'thathe 




„.!.[„ 




d U 












unity. I stole elily 














llll-J rli-hll- 










[eh Pickering* 






















m 1 


rolled ht.„il 










Ibe floor. The 


wile alarme 


























Sill.) 


of P 


eke 


ring. 


All the family 


laughed out 



. feed- fi 



anted U 



HOP ROOTS. 

THOSE DESIRING TO ER0AGE in tbal 
t.u.irr ■— H"l' CULTURE, n- cieilinc 

■■■■■- . ■ :-.■■■ :,■ I ■■■::'.. . I. ■■■■ ■ . 
ihe be.l vari.ir. from ibe olden li.[. V-ir d >n t 
Tht nmp from ihl. yard ha. jiul beeo wld fur I 
My 11,.]. Yard in l~i.nlv-li.-e lullti l.o!.,n llis ci 

i.ij",>l'.,r 

Ad5ran 



Biillliuore-JInde Agricultural Implements, 
VERSUS EASTERN. 



I- Cj, I ■■■,■ ilm KKNTUCKT >i 

Mi inli.'Hl JAII1-. lull 

Tiiin.i-xinc First Premium*) 

la favor of Sinclair ft Go's Wares, 



i], nucctii 
t complete 



. The old gentleman did nol 
of the facts for fall twenty 



heartily." _^_^^ 

Tna CiHtim* Suob,— In Paris the fashion for 

■l,-.,r.,<i„i-i.di, ■■ .1I|.|..t! Bliu.-t I., ctedla-work, 
l.y l..-.ired |i4ll..'tii. the I. ... I,, r, „r other mate- 
rial, or by the Insertion of colored lilkoraatin, 

ppon. U "'Leprinee, of He C eol (trtJt, lSooob'! 
a method of changing the piece* of 



Colored sAtin . 

little | 



is tbo 



i stlppor. He i 



id at easily removed. 



CHOICE GROCERIES. 

Hew RalNluii, Citron, 

.\NTS, PIGS, PRUNES, £«., 
I-.,, ills nt 

A. L- BO WARDS ,i Co .'a. 



,-e have all kinds 
luTromU^'aUaa'*' 



f TRF-B3 and PLASTS, 




Seed. W areliouBe 1 

(ESTABLISHED IN 1B50.) 

S. W. MOOKE, 

So.UO California R-, between M o a t g o mety t S ans o n o. 



KITCKEN-QAEDEN, PiELD, FLOWER, 
FRUIT AND TREE SEEDS 

IN CALIFORNIA, INCLUDINO 

20,000 lbi. Pure Alfalfa or ChiU Clover Seed, 

HYACINTHS, TULIPS, LILIES, AHD OTHER 
BULBOUS ROOTS. 

eonMT^ooiorfa^'iao^fa^ 




TO THE AGRICULTURAL PUBLIC: 

THE SOBSCRTBKR DBSIRBS TO EXPRESS TO HIS FRIENDS AND PATRONS, HIS .WARJl 
.od unreserved thanks Tor tb.lr kind and moeb-naedod support durini; Ibo past year, which haafar eicsoaed his 

'atmnsand heaorabla tohlmtalf. 

He desire, therefore to call their nltcnlion lo » list of soma of the leading nttleles which bo wUl 
iITer for Sole for I860: 

TH-RA-SHE-RS: 



C. M. It.s--.nns RIonhIIIoii, OUlo, TliranUor, 8 and 10 horse-potTor. 
Ball's Celebrated Canton, Oliio, do 8 and 10 do 

The Albany, nTcir York, do 1 and 2 do 

The above Machines were Made Expressly to Order for tlio California Market. 

Alio, have na band, eitta Coition, Drapers, Elevators, Cylinder Teeth, do, «0., or all tho above msoblnos. 

THE CALIFORNIA COMBINED REAPER AND MOWER! 

To wbico was awarded the PIRST PREMIUM over the Hew York Reaper, on trial as a Combined 
■s-ondMuwer altbo Alameda Caumy Agricultural Fair, hold In Juno hut. Also, tha same award was mado 
Slain Fair, held at Sacramento, in September last; and at tho Santa Clara County Fair, held lu San Jose, In 
sr laiL 
•our ollcntiou is aljo called to « ootlco given It, below,"by n 



eroui members of the State 






C H U F AS 

OR 

Eartii-Altaonda! 



GRAVES & WILLIAMS, 

FRUIT 



GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 

Hoa. i.l. OD anil II IKereliant alrtat, 

O ppo.ir eWuhlnjtun Market. 



j. i:i i. ..,.1, & Cn.-a, 



Jeiltea, Jam*, 

i'i:i.-i:»v[-..-. rur-n rmiiT.s, 

UNO LIEU SAUCES. 4o. 

For sale at 

A. 1.. ICfl.tanl, fii Cn.'L 

_M 81 Clay sireat. 

Comet Tcuh, old dov'ui't Java, 
Conta Rica, and Itlo ColTee, 

For salt at 
„ A. L. BDVTABDS A CO 'B, 

M GlClayitratL. 



To the Seed Trade, 

9 HAVING THE LA1T0EST AND MOST EX- 

3 S £3 33 33 S 



i.loo, aad we eaa warrant tbem as First-elou 

Datcli ItalbouH ItoolN, 



J. 01. TUORDUniS & CO., 

Growsn and [mporten of Seeds, 

15 John street, 

3m NEW 1UI1SI. 



PECK'S HEADER AND HARVESTER ! 

To which was also awarded the FIRST PREHIDH at the Stale Fair, and ot the Santa Clara Gonnty 
Wllb tbe eiperieaeo of tha put hosob, this machine Is so Improved as to be, without question, 

THe -Very Best Harvester iaa. Use. 

SICKLE SECTIONS. 

SICKLE SECTIONS for MeCORiUOK'S, BUSSEY'S, DURRILL'S, SEYMOUR 4 MORGAN'S, 
PALMER k WILLIAMS', and MANNY'S (with Wood's Improvement) REAPERS. Also— 

EXTRA CASTINGS AND BRASS BOXES ' FOR THE ABOVE MACHINES. 

horse n..a.s:ias. 

WHITE'S PATENT STEEL-TQOTHED BUGGY HORSE RAKE; 
WILCOX'S REVOLVING HAY RAKES, 8, 10 una 12 fcet 

BOYER'S FARM MILLS, foe Food, Corn Menl or Flour; req_uifing hut two-home 
power. The cheapest farm mill in ttso. 

PREMIUM FANNING MILLS, ol oar own mnko nod tho best imported. 

INGEBSOLL'S PATENT HAY PRESSES. 

GRANT'S GRAPE-VINE GKAIN CRADLES, 

KIMBALL'S PATENT SCYTHES and SNATHS, notchou 1 hoots; tho Tor7 best pnt- 

HAY FORKS, BARLEY FORKS, both atoel and wood. 

WILCOX'S THREE-BOWED HAND RAKES. 

HOVEY'S HAY CUTTEBS, nil lizoi. 

RUBBER BELTING, all width*. 

MONKEY WRENCHES. 

GARDEN HOES nnJ RAKES. 

SKELETON CLOD-CRUSHER OR FIELD ROLLER (home Dunnfoctura). 

GRINDSTONES, nil dims. 

PATENT ATMOSPHERIC CHURNS; tbo bost ohurn in nao (homo mnnufhetare). 

CHEESE PRESSES, eolf-nating (boms tn on u foe turn). 

LACE LEATHER; LUBRICATING MACHINE OIL. 

LILLIE'S CHILLED IRON SAFES. 

EXTRA POWERS, 1, 2. 4, 6, 8 and 10 Horse. 

EXTRA TRUCKS nnd EXTRA LEVERS. 

BS" REPAIRING DONE ON SHORT NOTICE. '3 

J. S. HARBISON'S PATENT BEE-HIVES, wl.ieb took the FIRST PREMIUM 

at Ihc State Fair, and which Is the very best bce-hivo lo use, tyro fur sole; and, also, persons 
wishing tu manufacture tbese Hives can purchase tbe Right of us. 

THOS. OGG SHAW, 

S3 SACRAMENTO STREET, 
San Pranclsoo. 

We. i!i,i ondenlened, members of the Slain Aerlenllnral Eoclely of California, bavaseea and examined the 
nnwly Impmved CALIFORNIA COMBINED REAPER AND MOWER manufaotuied by THOMAS 000 SHAW, 
of San FraaeUco, California, for which a patent hu been applied fur; and, In oor judgment, we consider II one of 

the farming eomauniiy (as 11 Is iinroljaCaliroruia Invenllwi) this maohlno, as one of tbe best Combined Reapers 
and Mowers now In uw, u It contain, many decided and valuable IinprnremenU. 
SlCBlMuno, Jauoory lalb, 1660. 



John 0. Downey, 




C. L Hulehinfon, 


0. C. Tfheeler, 










A. II. Myers, 




CoL Warren, 


W. Wadsworth, 






Editor CllTornln 


Win. Rufus Lnngley, 




A. Lnmoli, 


Jos. S. Silver, 


B. B. Crocker, 




11. M. Heu.loo, 


Thomas Hayes, 


Elam Car ring ton. 




Ed. Davi., 


Wilson Flint, 


M. P. Duller, 




J. P. Slolehlor, 


A. Johnson, 


A. I'.. 11,11, 




Jas. Hanorlh, 




B. A. Manh, 




Jos. Harris, 


IL IJilibona, 


Charles D. Cooloy, 






Charles J. Collins, 








IL 0, n ,,,.-;■>. , 






W. IL Parks, 


Jos. U. Nevltt, 


Bernard S. Foi, 




J. D. Vallia 


Juhn R. Rogers, 


Jot. Lenlell, 




J. Morrill, 




B. F. MauMin, 




\7n.. Rahe, 




W. W. Light, 




Jacob L. Lewis, 


J. 0. Davis, 


Pred WoodBitfd, 




Jot Kloponiline, 


J. B. Harbison, 


T. Q. Phelpt, 




B. It. Croeker, 


Cbarlos ZelUer. 


John A. Bull, 




C. 0. Jenka, 





76 



T HE CALIFOENIA FAEMER. 



% Witoia farmec. 




~* Letters biO-i«i«» Haii— Will I 
In the old Stales please "rile "' »>J "" "" 



r friend. 

.ml Mail 



OtTSSELVBS- A SPECIAL NOTICE. 

The nuJcralewd. the original and |irfL-rji Llii ■■! 
ud Prepriclw -f (ho C.l.ir,.iiMi I'.ih..l:ii. f.,,1- cl].-l 

_...-, I... — -i.^K i- nfiv VWi.ro llrr. r-.rililir- ]li> il 



(Ve«J Warren 
adopt*! thai iD 



alien before Ihe public Raring 
a dressed 

iLt.viM.-ir 



injuiUco raay corns to any one. 

JAMES L. L. F. WARSIEN, 
Original Founder and present Editor and Proprietor 



Tale Lands of Stockton. 
The important movement in tnlo lands, (heir 
gradual recovery, and the vast improvement of 
which Ihcy are capable, with important fact! rela- 
tive to their uses nnd value, will appear nut week, 
nod in fotnrc numbers. 17c bavo reiy important 
facts touching Ihcir value. 



The Italian Bees Expected to Arrive. 
Odb esteemed friend Dr. Tecgnrden, of Man-: 
lie, has been active all bis life in tho ndvnnoi 
:nt of the interest of bis fcllow-foen. In carl 



men who built fifty miles of rail 
ing from Sandusky city to Mnnsfiol 



This 









vnniagc iu mat iegiiuu "i country, IU i 
i it of advantage to the towns of Sandusky 
cuyanu Mansfield; bat the agricultural part of 
the community was greatly benefited. Previous 
!o the opening of ibis toad, Wheat (ana of the 
itaple prodocls of that country] sold (■<: ihc pi li fill 
;nm of from thirty-one to thirty -seven cents o 
lushol. After the road was into operation, wheat 
ight from scvonly-fn-o cents 



ithcr 



iDrtlon. It 






did to the Eastern market, by way of Lake Eric, 
!tr York canal nod Hudson river. After [bis 
ad had been in operation for a few years, a 
ilausy grew up between the two great cities, 
Philadelphia find Ken- York, the former con- 
ing tbot the latter was getting tbo advantage 
icni, by reaching into the nan- great State of 
Ohio, then almost n wilderness in many ports. It 
Philnd el p h ia enpi toll sts co u cciv cd 
■-» .»_ -. ..intruding a railroad over grcot Al- 
Icghauics lo Pittsburg. TliU buiojr in iiiiii.'ip.ititm, 

Head Ibis great ma 



Tlio Sabbath-Day In Stockton. 

W'i: spent the lost Sabbalh-dny In Stocktoi 
The remarkable quiet of that city on this day, rt 
minded us of a "Sabbath-day in New England. 
Tbo contrast between the calm nnd quiet order t 
Stockton, and the life, bustle, and busy scene i 
Son Fmacistso is Tery great. In Stockton no eoul 

at it stools' ie. There should bo-"n day of rot. 
Man and bensl both require It. God ordained il 
Man needs it, nnd everything connected II orewiti 
thrives the better, the belter It is observed. 

We attended church in the new edifice recent!; 
erected by the Presbyterian Society, of which Rev 
Mr. Anderson is pastor. This church is built li 
the Gothic style. The church Is small, yet ebnrt 
and beautiful, the walls inside hard-finished, colo 
light-drab, with ornamental orchincs and frescos 
the wood-ivurt. irmiminr 



early, i 



varnished, t 



or pulpit,! 
whole plat! 



■necling 



Success In Shipping Grain. 

"Wt invite Grain-growers lo the present prospect 
of the coming crop of Grain. We ask them to 
reflect open the slock oow on hand, and then ask 
themselves, how the case would hare stood, if 
those who had large stocks on band in August, 
September and October last, had token our advice 
and shipped them out of the State? 

We gave counsel advisedly. By our meonsofin- 
formation front the East and Europe, by the 
■mount on band, by tbo price in New York and 
in Australia, and the price here, it was a self- 
evident fact, thai it would have been bolter forcvery 
holder, lo get the eiecss of Grain out of the Suite. 
Some have heeded that advice, and hove done 
well, Bye, very well indeed in some cases, while 
olhers "held on," nnd have their Grain yet; Ibey 



ik through to SI. 

:h still Rirthcr, c 
great West, at Chicag 
ivas one of the first projectors 
)nc of the Board of Director*, u; 
California. Mr, Robin 






unity 



St. Louis. The Doctor 
ibis road 



and in s 


nine 


cases even m 


re, while Australian 




lid) 


avo yielded t 


res to G 




if the s 


ipm 


nt hod been 






should h 




eeu, the rates 










i a holt cents 


here to- 


ay. 


The st 


ck on hnnd at the 


ncaming 


harvest wil 


ciceed ( 






nd barre 






18G0 will give a 






nearly. 


The 


e estimates ms 




rge to tbu 


interest* 


d; but wait, and 




the aceoun 


stands by an 


by- 






The at 


irt.. 


can still he re 


icved of 




this surplus. 


and it ought 


to bo r 




shall be 


then 


as ranch us no 






in much 


ess 


n hand when 




op comes in 






regret they 


















ope so: for t 


■■ fiMin 










unAartu 


ed. 









s Honoy-I___ „ 
Tni quiet city of Stockton i, conn • : 
portion of the ,.«< „*,, ef ^ „ „„ 
portions of the Stale. While do a trip to view the 
progressive movements of this growing section of 
our State, wo called on Mr. C. C. Warner" the npi 
Irian, and agent nr J. S. Harbison, and found 
ranch lo please and gratify. Mr. Warner bu about 

with an abandonee of brood-comb, and boner' 
sod making honey fast. We had an opportunity 
eiamtec the swarms thoroughly, and mood all 
wo opened healthy, with Ihcir own, ),„ ,, B | work 
_ Wo also saw this enlite new feaiuro to'lbe opio- 
nan, the «(„, p oi(tn . it WM of a bri|[l . N( .. . 
rent blue. We had never seen it before and no 
shall be glad to bcor from our apiarist? 'to know 
their hives. Mr. Warner, by hh mnV.gc'ruont 

at the Gottnge Gardens of Dr. McLean 'oOIorm " 
Slough, a pl t ni inStMo ^'^ iuu 

The business of tho apiary will be advantageous 
to the cllisens of Stockton; each f.umi, .. , 



Tn« Giura Coor or 18C0.— With a 
crop, breadstnus equal to Otic yat, 






•d loMycnr? AH si 



county Society. 



To 8« 



enter into the Block Business, wherefore 
good ehonco for a permoaent bu»i Bei 
profitable one, and whore .n kina3 of q^*?? 
wonldflnd ready sale we call their i 

lb. Cord which appears In our special II? 
Ibis week. It is, indeed, a rare chance. Wc 
know the parties and the location, and It Is 1 



he United Slates. No oac, who visits the old 


Italy done, 


inies, hut travels on this road; if not from Phi- 


adclphia to Chicago and St. Louis, over some of 


fectcd Ibe 


he intermediate points. Most of the travel goiog 




est from New ^ ork, takes the railroad to Philn- 


objecls of 


elphiaand then to Pittsburg; and on west over 


his road lo Chicago or St. Louis. 




The Doclor is now benefiting tho community in 




nolher way: he has undertaken another great 




ntirpnse. Having last fall visilcd and traveled 




ver almost the entire length of both these rail- 


r , k 




sincerity, ! 


uraed with Ihe largest nnd finest lot of Honey- 


ec3 that has been imported by any one, nnd has 


callings of 
And is not 


nc or the finest Apiaries iu Iho Stale. 
Dr. T t egnrdcn m ejecting hr [be middle of May 



id States. These Bees come from Lombard)-, 
kjmo, io Italy, where they havo bceu 
.■uj.Lri.'i- iiiudof Bees for two thouund 



des carpeted. Tho p 
1 of being iu the old form, is upon 
id much more beautiful plan, the 
f the pastor being an open space, 
chaste but unique native marble 
d>lo or more properly speaking, "tuhlete," being 
table with heavy top, pedestal, and base, of blue 
id white-veined marble. On tho right and left 
ere two very rich pnrd "while marble vases of tho 
oliao style. These, with the rich carpets and 
-indsome coocb, were nil In keeping, all in ciccl- 
lent taste. There was one feature more that at- 
tracted our vision. It was the rich collection of 
fresh flowers that were arranged ia tho 



Lfir-l.li- v 



Tber 



tho collection. They appeared to bo s 

■or their holy office, emblems of God's hou 

'flowers ore like open bibles ; tbcv seal 

■ty and fragrance, great tri 



;cted 



An Hour or Two among tho Flowers. 

A few weeks since we paid a visit lo the Mission 
Dolores (wo would rather cull It Ibo Mission 
1'Klorcs which would he moro appropriate] and 
ilthough our stay was brief, It was long enough lo 
satisfy ns th.it our citisons do not give themselves 
timo enough to enjoy life nmong tho healthful and 
beautiful things which surround us. 

Wo visited Sonnlug's Rose Gardens ; and as wo 
bavo always said, we have ample reasons to 
reiterate, Mr. Sonnlag has ao superior as o Culti- 
vator of Roses. His colleclioos aro always esccl- 
leal, over rare, and invariably in good health. Mr. 
Sonntagisnowsendinghis Roses lo various places 
for sale. Wn saw him among a group of three 
Sacramento, lost week, as 
His three hun- 



they were "going, goiag- 
dred Roses in a group in 
tercd nil over Saoramcn 









work. 



o before sun-s.t, glvin.; 
of beauty and truth lo 
hu "lovely in Nature," 
;r wns homeward bound, 



Ho Garden of Messrs. Relroer i O'nnre was 
ft pleasant plnru to lis, with thousands hand- 
sly-grown Plants, both in their conservatories 
in open grouud. Every lover of choice plants 
bo suited. Itoimer and O'Horo deserve the 
kind remembrance of our citizens; they nrenewly 
stablishcd, their grounds being newly designed, 
taste nod industry handsomely 



.id r„ii 



i ridn 



ir Garden for a (rifle 



We h 


po their place will bo rememberc 






The 


Gulden Gale Nursery, W. C. Walk 


so Ion 


and so well known, has now tho 




rgrcea-trecs nnd Plants, large Orn 


Trees, 


and superb Roses, that cun be foun 




ons desirous of richly embnllisbi 


garder- 


s should remember that, although 



Singular roatnies in tho Boll, 

Tnn first well named is onlyTbonV ."^ ""f 
n mile from the second; nnd yet iho various n 

™ ,.„. jar,™*,, »,„ t, ,„„. m .; nld ' 

like la ask natunltti, what tho little mouio was 
doing so deep "down below." Wo ehould have 
been pleased if Mr. Bailer bad been certain as l 
the species of the mouse. It was probably » 
mofe. Wo shall always be glad to receive » uc h 

On Rcale A: Wheeler's Ranch, Suisun Bay- 8 
feet soil, 30 feet quk-fcsnnd, i f o0 i gravel, quar ti 
rock, limcslono nnd sandstone, 2 feel yellow clay 
10 feet of tough blue clay, 4 feet black mnck 8 
-feel blue clay in flnkes, 2 reel yellow clay, U ft et 
blue clny. At tho dcn(Q of i0 fect Dorcd , brongh 
-- - :rce 4 inches in thickness. At iho 
depth of T4 feel, took ont ihe skeleton Of a monse 

JTV 'rT,' 00 " 1 ° f '° mt enin,al »* kno ""- 
Depth af 80 feet. 

li. S Bates' well : 3 feet soil, » feot black mock, 
feet soil, 23 fe C t soft bint ' 



iy. At 



illff blue cloy 



'.he depth of 



'-> r,:,;t r..„ 



I l,ur„ 



the depth of 10* feet found wood ; tnles from the 
top to the depth of 08 feet. WellllOfeet. Plenty 



Tho Estoriy Reaper nnd Mower with Raker 
w E saw this Reaper and Mower nt Stockton sor- 
ded by a group of farmers who were carefully 




?eak* of l... „,.,. 
dispositioa of this Bee; end Columel 
hundred years ago, bad noticed the ti 
describing it as "„ 
ior indnstry ond pi 
id Trom the earliest ages. 
9 success of having lutrodnccd thes> 
.i.r. .- Bf, L| W - |!T be a 



ndorstand It 
' gelling then:. 
to, at least, ti 



intly expects the; 



nch eoodj (Mr. Travis, also, ei 
lo May), iho Doctor t 



lecls to visit Italy, h> 
that ho will be ho 
n, by sklllfol nil! 



The Italian Bee surpasses the common Deo in 

most every respect. A chief dlffically in a m0 „ 

lo Bee-culture, arises from the 

Irendof the sting of this huui. 

Iota Thn'nT"" 1 D,0a " !a ^ P«la which It l n ! 

.-Ho;. Tb?,,o,pee!an r o.T.'T'u " M * m 
to i„„ ( „„. . l "'' ,JU ""'«liesfronieog>g- 

lug In Ibe pursuit. All this can bo ovoided h% 
gettiag the Italian B-« -'- ■ 



raiciblc 



. It i 



Jappcn; 



are by n 
ling onlyw 



oltack,d by rubbers:" -^ •»»«»«* 

.h our frlead, the Doclor, success in Ihls 
erpnse, and hope ho will And ready sale 
-.0 has to spare, at remunerating prices 
Mary^r >"" "' '"^^ " "» ^ *T 



ind of Grain 

Becuro to himself tho very best Mae'hin 
o. Jones i Hewlett hove the most imponat 
sting Implements Imported, cither nt who! 
rot retail; they caa sell 



The Wsnei 



—The 



nrly.t 



ivn as the fir*t largo 

Hou! " "^ Wftr . qi "' lificd lo "*Jn«l « Puulte 

""■■- '-Hi sriili.mcuoo nnd the approbation of a 
,r ' l,ne i '" 1,,lc - T ' 1 " W ^'« lions*, named after 
Copt. Weber of Stockton, and belli b)b Z "" 



ing pi 



[inrticularly a 



ii. I.,! (. 



Their 



" ''Ighly pleased, wL 

^JI"?'* 1 nnd to tba "> who „ 

"on, no belter pL„. 

now very moderate 




Messrs. 


icep .t Briggs ha 




five me 


employed at the 


different seasoas of 


K. i B 


are turning out 


fioished work. Mcs 


Iho ground; the horse at 






hilo a double-net 


on pump attached rai 




the rate of T000 




20,000 gallons a day 




Atlh 

all kind 


Wurkshop counccted with tho Pounds 
of work and repairing of mnchlnery c 
"very Bi>ecics of castlogs cao bo ma 



Ton .111 h,.t^-. 0a aai m I",evcryhody7™nd 



.ra.m, .1, . i, " cfl — Tb °»b very |ar EU and 

„i f ,' ,' """■ ""• <""«" i~U> 0..I1- 

Z t { '"■ '" "■"" •"'«•" ■">•><■ 
« «• mi" d ™"""i ,"'"'*"'- " 0M 0I ^''" 
»»"■■*.« i. si«k U „ D ™ ,;. ,*; b '"°;;'i": 
», hu .!,„„ „,„ D „ n ,„ 
"•.i.....id,b., ,, ... .„,. ,„ „,'•„„ 

, e!, «"bd on. or tbc bust h C0vy drau.h,' 

= »... S i.„. r. nDB0 „ d „ „"„«';* 



on City on Sunday mornlnfe 






from St. Joseph, Mo., lo 










mm Saoraioonto, via Bonlein 


and Martinoi, to Ook- 






l-iedv if,,„ai CU Dumber 










eoturc. 


Tns lanUKOtoov or On 





friend, wbo was about going 
..we, .lent merchant who\a§ 
-. Dont B" inio that store la 



C4b'j g rr.^s,;;;i~3f" 



aruews unaor tbia 
Taylor, of Monterey, 






by Mr. i 
of publics 



lake eitrnots noil week of thoso portions wl 
r?^ l °- , ^ ln ' li,ln90f s,,nln Ci-ii* county. .' 
reparation, nnd entitle Mr. Taylor lo the grati 
™.lP 0p " L ' Vbich Pfobsbly I, about all the 



■ r -:.:.,], |,„„ 






.''"t' 1 "". '""1 I"'' 1 ■ ...!l i ..l,..""' r 

Heat dissolve,] in ! llH Mlltir „„,, Lll , , 
'bile hoi. This whitewash will ndthu 
ub off, and will last for year, 



ich ingre- 
loto rnlitd 
wash nor 



.£ """* JJ^P '" "> build a "Bac'helor'a Hall,'* 
wbKh will differ from most houses in having no 



TUB CALIPOENIA F ARMEE . 



77 



STATE SUMMARY. 

it .iv:rlv,.L coach OO Monday last, from (hi-- d' 



■U Is Sirs been nought nmDdy near Sanla Ci 
T«l Fair of the S 



^^HfilT a thousand head of beef tilth pwtJ H"«f 
Su Joie, on Thundaj-, on the way from Los Angeles 
Sill Francisco, m nys Urn Reporter. 



I LjLTa teller, from Ken Villi announce &" Cult,n 
Wilms bu shipped ibo remainder of the i»o and rol 
rug stock tut the couvflelioa of If" California Ccntr 
Railroad, from Poison lo Muj-lllf- *«• work on U 



fint u 



ig purpose, in thai locality , 



Birr. P. 11 Connor, of Stockton, has been selected 
b/xooCWniilteotifthc Wagon-Road Mccu'i, El lo open 
Iks Bie-Tnw llnuie to Washoe. He was lo Blurt bis 
edrpedition on the I'd, ood It confident of opening the 
k, so that p«tiee can pi through on b 



IJB.TY.H. Stone, who but! been Indiclod by tho Grand 
J«ry of Soeromcnlu, for tbe murder of Assemblyman 
Bill, tv taken oo iattui corps. bcfi.ro Jnd go Baldwin, 
of Ibo Supreme Conn, and admitted lo bail in Ibo mm 



Is Em Bernardino eoti 

bare been n.n In bark 

have also bmn pljiilc-KI 
peach orchards in £nu L 



spring. The luge 
bid fair lo bear an 






ik il into her head to rir^i.ivi ,i,m 

my np in a live-oak tree, nt least fortr 

Ibo ground; Hkinjr tint prosped, tin- ..^ini' 

' ' l due lime commenced licr incubati 



it the result, of o 



Hire, vithuul tbc MialiK-t 
oned by their frightful d 
there were any egp thai slip Old 



hi* civ 1, h' 


Hirer; the weather- if fine, nnd Tith 


only 




















lorms u over now. 






Tar. follow 


ng description of tl 


e Norwegian c 


nw- 


■too, which i 


tbe kind mod in C 


ifurnla, is give 


uV 


OtSicrrn Cil 




e. are made nf 


ight 




hC9 Wldo, very thin 




feet 








are ■lid lion 


without lifting lb 


feet. The Ire. 








.secading a bill 












ho pullf (■>-!: 


., l!...i.-:,l cad of I 






lha Olhtr end 














part of tbe . 


J it a fngblfnJ rale. 






TbBoaA 


odreaa Independent 


f the SUM iasL 




Id this Mti 




Till be, Ibii j 




(bird osoro ground cultivated In 


the cereals tba 


lut 






imilo a third gl 




yield per oe 




be yield, per at 






, the Tut thai col 


veto re are begi 






ntand tin anil ant 


eilmntc with 


:,„l, 


|tB7 bare lo 


cub Thej know be 










discovered tbe 














Merger increase till 






in 1. -r-i 1 ii :■ ■ ■ 


Do grcaler at Ii tilde 


than this place 


Mo- 



roffnilt. resents, p 
Ij bo expected. Prii 



A C..A- 


*^k bill ha. ]u 


t [ i ■ ■ ■ 1 tbo i.i ;i 1 r.rn ..■ 


ii j- < ibo t 


enmento Bee, acotnd.Uiry of IBs preen 




Lair, which deli 




•bill be ec. 


idered sbudonec 




U cue of 






■toll inbet 






Court of lb 




f ruling one way to-dn? 






a then himself ad caies 












oporty ret apart as sac! 


homo lead 


hill bo de-tribed nod recorded, but lot 


nglit- of ; 


loent parties .hoi 


not be interfered with fo 














bol l^v,.- 


It at *S,UOo,a. 
















prome Court. The Iqt ru ' 


















»iooreelb3«Ja 


iiciar/. 



~ -Tho SLu of the lilt oijj: The ha 
Miring U now in full operation at 8ai 
re. JleDonald A- Wilson hare la, 
re herding on (ha Island— an'cicelli 



e in One condition. 




iDtlunoD! end highlv- 
iaining chick that eurvi 
Stic pullet, and is now 



The hill lo prevent the ndu lie ration of lifjuo 
nving puscd both bmnches of the Legislatu 
od received tho GoterDor'a 5ij™»ture. ij now 
trr of tho Stale. 

t^>'.\ Deilniljlr ('I[>]»,r1a.,lly fur n StuelfJIiin, 
~ iOttb and ETcct-RaiiEa. n 
tlO.OOu. .ad Tube, to rente 



lo perion need opply 



A FINE CHUiCE FOR A DAIRYMAN, 

rpHE ADVERTOKR WOULD LIKE TO SELL OHE 
J. UUNIlttKU FINE DA1RV COWS, BisJ, » ,-.,.j :;,r 
irtoesi. Abo, Toukt id] 

A Ranch of 600 Acres of Good Land, 

iOl'SE L I It h.1 [ G UTEHSILa, MILK 



HERALD THE FOURTH. 

S fELKDRATED BULL, IUPORTSD 
7^ V "ldT" T n '' t ^■ ,u, ''"•""ViprorlJojilih' 



B lick lawk fuble., e, 




CLOSE FOUNDERY 



ASD BIACUINE-SaOP, 

STOCKTON. CALIFORNIA. 



l,:i ..:l. r- 1..7 'It i, .■:■!- ,.( ^L'chl'crrr *L ihurt 

Steam- Engines; 
Quart e, Siw find Gfitst-MiU Irons; 
Boildibg Catting*.; 
Iron. Fencing ; 
Balcony Bailing; 
Hone-Powers; 
Mining Pomps; 
Cast-Iron Wagon-Hubs, &c. 

It, '■■|i, V. Ii ■■ :.,,! i i: ;ii 

AGRICULTURAL CASTINGS, 



.' ■:■■«. in Irade, vii It eipeelwl to loereom. It 
» •"!-"«»<, o-' being etintrilMited by section, not bere- 



Jobblut Euented -iih TIeatnea ud Siipttch. 



Pnioha*ed at the Hienert Maikat Eatee. 



WEBER HOUSE, 



rTIBE UHDERS10HED HATE LEASED TUG ABOVE 
well-known Uooie, „'„! beg lore to Inform tbe public 
thollhcj Intend to miko It in every respect a 

FIRST -CLASS HOTEL. 



SLEEPING ROOMS AND BEDS 

ibe mat perfect oral healthy order. The T.bl" will b 



GOBSAM Sr S. 




HALL'S THRASHERS, 

8 a 10-Horge Power— with. Trucks; 

isle by J ON' E3 & HEWLETT, 



COMBINED MOWER Si REAPER 



i, SEVHOUR .o 

ttSOj toedher wil 



Agricultaral Tools, Hardware, 



JOISTEB *- HEWLETT. 



THE FARMERS APPROVE THEM! 

ESTERLY'S PATENT COMBINED 

SELF-R4XING REAPER AND MOWER, 

IMPBOVED FOR laOO, 

AND FOB SALE IX STOCKTON. 

rpilE PROPRIETOR TflKES PLEASURE 1H OFFEn- 

1. Too°beavr dnu 8 bt. 

air. ,it !'■ ,r, I .■-[-:.... r.r In -.-in j t;eci iqiinui lllli — inn 
t. r i.-.i|,i.t: „- I i.i,- ii..irrin;. 

'■'■'''■' "■ ■'!;■■■■■■■■'. "v.-ti tl.lossy, tbeiuoootboraUcd 

' Tti.- li.-.d- rni'l Pl,ni:.nn beln ? HaUoury Cinures, Ibo 
i-ktir,- po.lll. i, C".i..,l I-.- .i,T,-..-l 

All theu Objectioni bts ObTiaUd In m; Hachlua. 
L Tbe ilrauaht 1. lbjbter Ibio ■nj.ll.nd-njiier. 



eticr Umd-IUker Uun It nu before Ibo Self-Raklne. Aimcb 
PEICE8 WILL BE LOW, TO EDIT THE TLMEa. 



SELF -REGULATING 
TVIJSTD POWER. 



eortilloi (o bo, s PEIt- 
—»"»«. '1KB POWER. Iih M 

Pog grrl^reolaf^" ^m!l"''lnTil°H ^°" 
Meebuiio' Fain "holers inlri.-l,!-' '.',','.'."{ '.",','iil"",'' 
t-illrpr.ioi.iinted fu|«ri"r to nn>lbin S ..f Iho kind ret 
Intnoicd Tbo darabllltj, tlmplioil; und ohenpnen of 
Wo call nllenllon to tbo.o bUBlilul' Wind-mllls In 

■" fill I ■■ ,. I . 

but ib.rp ed«es lo II. force. S uoiciui 

',-erl"luol"ll'n' : " i 1 , EIC "''' CKCI ""roll other wind 

Hating tho I'lTnir ntonr f.j, toj Statoi on tho 
Piclfio, wo are now prepared lo famish them at prices 
.cwrdin K to ,h riu onj .»w.r rooolred. Cuntily right, 
for .ale-olio Orccon nnJ rt o.hin,Ujo. 
tural\nd mechtiok^Mu'r' -K-- .""' "''"T' ' 1 t0 **d«&- 
flfcot dl.m^or.w'ith K'tMt*wlnd rarfMB™' B| a 

ii ■ .. :; jo - ;: :: „„,„,«„ 

d to Mnnornolnto and Ropalr oil 
ir Other Machinery, near otoatn- 

HTDE & BROTHEE. 



JJANKEHS, ETC. 



MARK BRUMAGIM & CO. 



Siglit Bills 

Bank of Commerce, ••■•-- Boston. 
SIGHT AND TIME BILLS 

American Exchange Bank, New York, 

Available in the Principal Cillel nf the Union and 



■■"■'"' "■'■■■■-'"" .;,;'[;': v-j'.-V;.^'.. 1 ; .j. 



FIOCHE & BAYEEQUE, 
AGENTS AND BANKERS, 

Moktoosiery Street, CoRNEtt op Jackson, 
SAN FRANCISCO. 



PHUSSIA, 



They »No rccelre, on doutali, tho am. 



In wc*fcly r mornjily, ,t .]uiitcrjy ]r..:.,] r ii.inn. ... ,„.- Fl L- 
.-.-', , I |,|- 'ii '.r ill.- Lj ■ , . ■ - . I j.ui. -;.-.., , h-.n...... Pr.|.rl|.., n.r.-. 

,,-'--- "jward, Lon]l,*rl. ATml, r, .•(..,;'.■. :,.,.!-.. 



i::k: 



HIIJCIIL Ii HAVUlijI.'F:. 



HARVEST-1860. 
J. D. ARTHUR & SON, 

TUB VERY BEST ASSORTMENT OF 

Agricultural Implements 

IN THIS CITY. 
200 or ilie Celebrated 

R E A. F E JR S 

COMBINED MACHINES 

Made by WARDER & CHILD, of Snrln E neld, Ohio, 

TbJ Plat'furn, *t," level! wnll, ,be rakerVtandfl'Tprliht 
Ibereby worltloi: etith ea*o. Tbe Moehino is linht ond 

Out of 'Ponr'nooif °( A ItTn"^ n^'^te^ l |'y ^ d l .llar. ,, 



PITT'S THRASHERS, 

Mode with extra care, wiih Improvements, oxmuhIt 
to unr order, b, Notiiw. Mn.oniCo.Mo.. ..-Ik, t t|." ' 

HILL'S THRASHERS, 

nddBrBbUlty! »I».™ r and si "bono TbrLh*"* 'u 

Horse-Powflrs, Extra Castinp-s for Thrashers 

With a large and fall aoortmenl of 

ALL KINDS OF AQR.ICCLTUBAL IMPLEMENTS, 

As LOW m can bo Purelui.ed In uu, city. 

0". ID. AIRTIrrlTTJrt. Sc SON, 



DICKERSO N'S 

PATENT SELF-REGULATING 
"VtT IKTDMILL. 

This 51111 Inox ibo First Premium at tbe State Apri- 
hy Mlttrimgat force, Ibo'Tdy' known so^f'raVeMi'rTs 
and Bol liabto tii 1 "':!";.,,, .,1 ^ ,i u^.'n J '-m"un wi?h 
IMrfeotsaroly in tho bMviest winds, aadolainiu,...-,,,!!, 
motion 05 " " l ° I '" >1 * 1 n " vtnul,!r »" " IUl •*"*} 

One of Iheso Mills will he erected In a fow divs nt Ibe 
work! of TUOS. 000 SHAW, Ban Frnneboo, where 

WILSON FLR 
Owner of lha RlnhlforSan traoelroo, San Maleo, J 
Soeama, Ho,, ,... i:,..„ I ,,f„ ..,,«, i Alt, modi f. 1L 

Prices of Blills, 12 foot wheel, - - - $125 

^ " with Bcarineto run mnchinerj-, 200 



MR. & MRS. COGILL'S 
S| DANCING ACADEMY, 

PHILHARMONIC HALL, 

Stockton street, mar Jackson 
THE SCHOOL will meet TUESDAYR WPDN'E5 
BAYS and HI „ fn „3 U Sr. 

ol'on'. ClaV.EVERY%A U TURD A 1 Y,*i'"r a "3^ 

Ternis-K 00 per monlh, In advanea. 

tWSOIRESS EfEHY FRIDAF £VKKItta.^P\ 

PaivAia line,, at all hours of Ibe d.j, All lh 

Kn«Da cot sla'eDoncln^e^e"' * ^ 



ATTENTION! 
THE WHOLE STATE!! 

THOROUGH -BRED 
STAIiIjXONS! 




ABDALLAH, 

The only TROTTING HORSE that ever 
took a Premium in this State as a 

TEIOR-OTTGrH-BIlBD, 

WHtOH HE IS, ANB NO .'■' 



ABDALLAH was raised hj Charloe Haiti 


Of Ornngs 


-ounly, N. Y.| told and Rent In Now Jersey 








Id at Inn lueeoailva Fain In that Stats, ov 




petitors from that and mho r States. ABDALLAH standi 


iiteen hands and a-halt hl[h, mahocany 




lano.odtall.cloao head well set on, bean 


Iful nock, 


and sloping- shoulders, welt ribbed up and ve 








tone and sound feet : In short a perfect plctn 




nlticent bnnn-Oelh. A good one lo look at 








eval and square gait, gentle end kind in saddle and 


tames, nf any kind, and high courage ; as 


ait. If not 


osier, than any hoise In Iho country at Irani 


S. andean 




n trained, 


buttroUhllmiieinZ^OtoharDort. Isasure 


oil -go tier. 


PED1G REE. 




ABDALLAH vras ii. years old on Iho 39tb of March, 

;,..... ....L..-i.,lbj lij.qblvi'.oion, ho by Abdnlliib, bo 

v ..i.l M.tiii.riii.., ho l.v Iini-.n,-d .Mc^eDger. Hnnible- 
i.nlitn'ftd,,,,, Wiu-lhc Cbiltm Kttnl mare by Im|-irtod 
lellfounricr, E'auil dom old Cn.- V.:-. l-v .11 II itnM.t- 

■1 , V .11..I , ■ , 



pedigrae of all Abaall'al'i aece'lry Ti pa.o;'Eo°is of a 

William H.Rysdlek, of tho town of Chester, Orange 
county, Stole nf Nin York, beinc lirsl tltily swom, enyo 
lh,.t the above pedigree is true to Ibo be! if hi ■ In.. Pl- 
edge ood belief. V7M. M. RYSl'IOE. 

SHorn lo this 4th dor of Fchrnnrr, leoS, before mo, 

E. A. OLMETEAD, Justice a( tho Poeco. 

S50 Per Season. Terms Casb. 

E. D. L. BRYANT, Proprietor. 



YOUNG- 

GILBERT!- 




AGE AND DESCRIPTION. 

YODNO GILBERT is six yean old, or a deep chest- 
nut sorrel, stands full sixteen hinds high, and pcascnel 
a combination or Beanly, Bone and MusolBnntiorpaasocl 
by any hone in tho State. Inspection nil] satisfy any 
jutl e e of horso-ncih of the groat superiority of YODHQ 
GILHKRT. To oil nlhots It is enough to say that 



oo* tie Fint Prtaim 



t tic h 



elsewhere aftarioolne YOONQ GILBERT. 
PEDIGREE. 

YOUNG GILBBRT wHsWlbyForter'iailbert.aDd 
be by Eagg 1 , Itui-irte.l Oilhorl, niihum diipule Ibe belt 

£" r I" !«■ tin.l it, i;nu'fnii-l ,K Hi,- liio„,..f Hi, t . s ,■,-«. 

Tho dam of YOUNG 0ILBE11T I.i a Moi'cnn Blcck 



»2I3 FOR THE SEASON. 

TERMS OA8H. 



BRYANT 4 WBINJIANH, Proprietors, 

Boniola, Solnno Coanlj. 



PERSONS INTERESTED IK RAISQi'O STOCK OP 

Good Dlaod, 

Size, 

Stjlo, 

and, Speed, 

Are Invited to call and examine Tor thomnlvis at 

S T O N E'S RANCH, 
Two Miles East of Benlcia, 

ON THE SniSDN EOAD, 

YOUNG GILBERT 

WILL STAND FOR THE SEASON, 

CommencLnE; 1st of Hfuoh, and ending 
1st of August. 

e.T, Plr "° ol »r ultention paid to Brood Manx Good 

Stable* lWacrei Good Pastorase, Feed, die, it em™ 

Alt accldenu, thofte, M d tKiviti ^ q,, #&# 



"the califqbnia faibmeir. 



fairies' JBtjrartmcnt. 



ThoDghW from The Fowart an* Diitle* of 
bimg tv c nrnv write, or bave allien, or anj 



{.ogoodorEfetilsninnti- 
ied from the pea of this 



lull: writer, who. his (rone < 

few will inherit, according 

iot : "lor great ii bis ruivard in henvei 

trlocntor, he U not wwlled in the Ui ' 

His great 



As a 



his herculean efforta to advance 
of edneatinn daring the years lie officia- 
ted a) Secretary of the Board of Education ol 
llissachnsetls, garo him a name and feme that 
will ever be bright in tho anunls of Education. 
So great was hia influence in the cause of pro- 
gressive education, that ho was called from his 
field of labor in Massachusetts, to use his noble 
talents in the balls of Congress. Few men have 
won so pure a fame io eo brief a time as did Hor- 
ace Mann ad a legislator. Hi* neit great work and 
dutj was the Presidenej of Anlioch C 
a man, as an educator, and as Prcsid. 
och College, be avowed himself a "wot 

such a friend and advocate as every t 
might well be proud of. It was his [ 
educate, and thereby elevate woman. 



mity, and sought the i 



t he might rc- 






Horaco Mann inspired Li? pupils with tho power of 
thought Ward*, as they fall from hi* lips, seemed 
like inspiration, and wero remembered. They 
were engraven on the hearts or his pupils. It was 
under the teachings of this great and good man 
that the light and beauty and truth of the science 
of physiology burst upon our own soul. Ob, well 
do we remember when that light came ! We had 
been detained from "chapel cscrcises" by reason 



On Monday morn 
to the President. 



"Wo ci 



eicuio your being sick. THAT IS A SIN WE 
CAKKOT FORGIVEI YOU MUST SUFFER THE 
PENALTY OF EVERY VIOLATION OF THE 
LAWS OF HEALTH 1 WeabaJl ever remember 
the oinlanntion of that emphatic sentence thus 
pronounced against us. It was in snch lessons as 
this, in tho expression of tho great thoughts of 

way, that mode him so successful and celebrated 
as a teacher, and so affectionately remembered by 
all nbo come within bis tulluence. 

In a letter received from u fellow-pupil at the 
College, wo End the fallowing account of his 
d the loiter which shone around him 












"Aotloeh College has lost its President, thi 
great Horace Mann. At the closing of bis year 1 ! 
labors his strength suddenly gave ivay, and after i 
sickness of some two weeks (his disease assumini 
tbo form of putrid typhoid) he died I Thi 



is in v; 



were her 


and t 


hogatb 


red round his be 




tplsndlf 






lire for g 


odand 












words wei 


etheb 


st possi 






ved for 


the irut 




Wo can 








than to r 


peal the 








rld-ren 


wnedlc 


lure nn the Powe 




Woman 


from w 




ing eitra 








"That 


injustice 








31 reioi 


i that i 












female 1 














wi^mVnT 


other ae: 


A*c 










quite'os'am'"™ 


lliorougl 
















is to the provis 




























...i i-;.j 






tori of the common peop 


, beyond the me 



side. 



"Rising from ataden 



three very modern cweplione, we lose sight of the 

r.u. £j C0 nttogelher. From ao 

.laU.guu, <.i a visit to their 

hat woman bad been cipa- 



appi 



the wisdom of the 





Fi 


r It 


rsiipiTir. 


cdnco- 


















II 








1. ..1 111 












K- Vet 




n K 









I.rlul works of Ood, there are 

p which the mind of woman is not as 
ciplnring linil fE|il:iiiiLny in Hull "I 



See Mrs. Sometville mastering s 
lomprehcndiog world after 



«■,■[,[,■ ;u ;1 



vliiv.li iiullWl! 
allowed to en 
Harvard Unlvi 
ts offending stt 



roof, tl 



.nncrs; and she, while kneading bcr bread t 
ing her needle, and without lolling a book i 

; hand, conld instruct them in the dark passagt 
Grecian and Roman classics, and make their si 

irn with her so redolent of a delightful hom. 

it the offenders were fain to bless the oOcni 
. such grateful pur 




s woman's form, can 
Sesame that will unbar tbi 
Tbe Gog nnd Magog of n 



-.-. -ir-1 . .i M-u |... ■.-,., , ,m.lii..l,|.\-., t :rtions, she may 
v.-in 111.- prai, uf utility, ir,,|,|,.:i„leucc and rc- 



mtinually bear of enses where wealthy wc 

make donations in their life-lime, or leav 

:ies at their death, for tbe education of youn 

■n, we may challenge all the records of 

ii [ii'iriilk.-m:.' (,.„ I, u |r. ,-dmen coses wh 



onsistcd in smuggling i n the r-irlj, perbi.ris lor a 
VlZtS:^ *il* b ° J : ^ f -™' lesson 



kindc 


i. mlr. ir,,n 


a 


ri". 


when 




lill 


os L 


!7.,, 


ns r °tho"fath 


™ 












mind was capable 








n-.l-ruL.-s Ir 


m 




canse 


ho.vi.ver In 


bel 


w tl 




bo lb se.es tu lb,- holier hr.uicli.-i" rrf 
and [.liil.,,,,,,!,!. I„ 1V ,,|. rnon.Iriltcllb 
tnmd has a quickness, a snbtlety, an 



"Even 

citi,;,, t L 

Ited lb a 


"7'h 


n tbe public seb 
circle of itj.li,- 


!, ' ri 1 


i? 


n or nigh Sch 
euly onnortnn 
equivalent, is t 



" "'- '■"• "'l'l»' year i„ lhl . , rJ1 „, 

• tbndl. The eitvot New York 1, ,,J, Vl .,„.,, ;l 

^lt:rrs 1 !: 1 ::"^ 

ll/.-l.,.., ell.;-,; |„ , „,.,„; .,.,.[ ,,;■ ' 'I',',',.;'',, 

majy of ourclle-e. i„ „ st f„] n ii :..,( ,u 1. , »' t.j ii.. 

business of life; tun the «i r ]., ,.f , ■:,-, ,,,., 

'"■■- fcIiixjI, no, nn i-rjuisrilrni f., r ;, '■ph, 

i , :r^:"""" 1 "— ' 'un-wr*™ 1 



;h all Mposures and perils of lift / 
iur cnuntry need knnwledge {God 
w much Ihey need it I), but mothers 

ge and to apply it. Tho untold 
nature yet hides in her dark crypt* 



ilious of that genius wbo«o inl 
lOihcr's office to plume. Tho i 
!e race to God, through rellgl- 



"My friends, let the truth bn told, nnd lot its n 
uke'be heeded, that human reason seeks in vai 
ir a reason why there should lie thi? ililWcno: . 



non-education, between the awes. Hasten io 
ce.uu from thin wronf, so long inflicted, and then 
hasten to repair it. Po for the female chilli »'h,il 
tlie.iin-cnlvilauphier.jrPliiirii'iliiliilrr.rJIojM.iiliiel: 
her from ruin, from the evils of ignorance and the 
miptationsofnlife-inngdcpendt 




„. ... 

add a powei 

which is tho necessary complement of his own, 
one without wl.i.ti bis ov.-ri is tump initively Imr- 
ren or good fruits ; and the cooperation of tbe two 
will have ten-fold more efficiency lhan the efforts 
of cither while bereft of its ontorul coworker. 
When human iniquity bad ruined the did Wurl.l. 
when nntnncspnt was left where civil nud reli- 

li.-ulrit! ,-i'm.i. L-r.uld fri «-.-ii|i int.. lii.inliiiud, ...r 
of woman into wommihiHid, tli^n, in tbe Provi- 
dence of God, Columbus discovered a New Wi 



menced anew, ni 

tho destruction . 
fjrtb blase only 



luld h 



-lighta 



y of tho rucc, if, at this critical and cmer 
inur, when our people and our institution 
pidly filling up tho wasto places of this gren 
lent, we can enlist the benetiecnt energies t 
n in the mighty work " 









f the beauties of 



■-.■ point), tyii.L'il. iiutiicdiale proli.u- 
eb we can no"- ditaiver and .l-ri.iv ; 
obstacles in the distance will vanish 



.in.l npi.jr«:l 
■;■ "'-'I'!'-' 
»::ll of mi".. 



goal, and only r.Mtinr; [li..ir lofty head- liehir 



I,. 


nfor t 


Jn tra 


liii- jf 


lil 






r he 








itho 






























cotha 










of food and r 


















.1 111,- i. 


















111,- a 


















n the malcrn 


1? If m 


ath 



:iplino the 

'.Y ','; iVhj 

V. '''..I. 



uuch as (hose who a 



benefits of thin di ; ii|,l"i„, 



ability for her safe- 



ty MRS. WARREN mike, rue of tile nTew nnd 

niiii.ii im P r„M imvifi:* i-:i,t:^rito-aiAi.-- 
liSfnC BATTKRY, 00 e of the HU~T llii',- 



MRS. ANNIE L. AVERY 
HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN 

Huldonee, MB Pacific Btraet (i»u dwi f, 0BJ ei«ta„], 

t3A.l>J- PKAN0I800 
JCaT E.p-jtl.1 uteoti-a p^d u, ai.tM» el ,,„ and t hit. 

Oalvunio Batteries and Medical Works. 

HUB. LIZZIE WILEY WAHltEN, N, D., ta, „ce!,ed 






rW», can be , b o„ n ^ QpUlu(s 
when the price and tirm. will ba mi 



COAL-OIL LAMPS 1 

1,200 DOZEN 
COAL-OIL LAMPS! 

Deitz's Unrivaled Burner; 

Host simple, Convenient, and Economic] 

JTJ8T KBOEIVED, 
EX 

EM1LT FARNUM, SUMATRA, NOON- 
DAY, PANTHEB, NAPIEE, 
AND BY EXPRESS. 

CHANDELIERS, 

For CHURCHES and PUBLIC HALLS, 

Two, Tlir,., Pour, and] Six Light* Bach. 

LANTERNS, 

FOR QnArtTK-lirLLS, SAW-MILLS, ' WHARVES. 
STABLES, HOTELS, Ao., &c. 

HAND LAMPS, 

PARLOR LAMPS, 

SUSPENSION LAMPS, 
SIDE LAMPS, 

KITCHEN LAMPS, 

BILLIARD LAMPS. 

PEICES LOWEE 

"JTIian Eiver Before. 

for sale in lots 

t6 suit the trade. 

Corner Front an J California atree(§. 

HBT.A.IX. STORES: 

WaalUnEton Kreef, tl.lra door beioir si„, r.i„„. 
STlVFIHtl) BROTHERS. 



!■ AOIP I O 

Oil and Gamphene Works 
HAVE REMOVED 

TO THE SPACIOUS STORE AT THE CORNER 

OF CALIFORNIA AND FRONT STRBETS, 

Wbcrethe T et-er for sate 

The Host Extensive Assortment of 
IBtUL'iiiia.K 3VCo.t©i*laJjs, 

AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES. 

SIANFORD BROTHERS, 
PnetSo Oil and Campheno Works, 

. ComBrufFrontandCalirornlairtreeto. 



SPERM OIL. 

!,0O0(r ALLOKS WINTER SPBRM OIL, 

fi...,. .'....' |:.. : . i r ,. r . J. oi "|',j„, a Donna" 
6,000 OallLiuSPEHJI .OIL, from Itnnolulu, 



LARD OIL. 

6,000 »ns ESSMssrs&E 

alow prlee. 

3,000 GALLONS LARD OIL, in barrols and aa. 
ONE DOLLAR PER GALLON. 



SACRAMENTO ADVERTISEMENTS. 

ST. SEOBGE 
HOTEL! 

Comer of Fourth and J Streets, 
SACRAMENTO. 

MTHla HOTEL, HA VUMJ BEETI THOROBaaT.7 

RE-FITTED AND RE-FURNISHED, 

IS WOW OPBB 
FOR TUB RECEPTION OP THE PUBLIC 

c. i. ai)TciiitvsonT, 

m™ Proprietor. 



Premium Marble Works 1 



Marble Mantel' and Grain, M-.nnmestg, Tomb on 
Grave Stonea, rublonerl Canter To>«. Marble and Fre. 
jo TiPp. I1mr.il*. nn<l Frrrvn... Sills im.-l i.li.t,.].. i' 



SAMUEL JELLY, 



FINE WATCHES, JEWELRY, 

SUver-warc, Cutlery, &c, 

1M J STBBBT ONE DOOR DBL0W FIFTH, 

SACBA.MENTO. 

Watobos Repaired and Jenelry Manofaetured. 

Agenti for Grortrg Baker't Sewing Machine*- 



EDUCATIONAL. 



ACADEMY OF NOTRE DAME, 

8AN" JO BE. 




<ti.<J.j'c[] UI . v. ill t".i mutator b*Va 
Poplh mil find llraacli to U 

Y.3il^nd^ c.1" lj - - ; ... ...,,?.- u-a 1 ,'* rbuvds<OucaaTprtflP 

Tuition, tml.ini tta bnael 



fiifPtttoHea?, 



SANTA CLARA COLLEGE. 

in ANN DAL SESSION OF THIS H 

■■■ill ,-■.... .i..T.:.....r, .>]■■:, IMY, Aucait % 



THE NINTn ANNUAL SE5SI"N OF THfS IN- 
slitation "illiwnimenear.n-'- 

The plan of iMtnieH.m unit™ 
tboClBMimliiiidthaCoBiuioKi-sl, I.^LJ.... 



e E nnd m.eiio 


e of initio 


oasbed, 












a.red 10 p»tbe 


.'.1 ic-llr. 

bill in case 


•&SS. 


• ur. 



prlcoa. No ciira th.-,t, :u f.. r „ nv -A ibe langnarej. 

I'-Tiu-Ni. i.. i- I,, lull' :, ,--.-i-i, inn-lvonce. 

l-'ur furtlier iti t -.-i i- , . i..i, ui.i.ly I. I In, i'r,.- -..)■--= I ii 
Santa Clara Cilkr-,.. - „„:, .:i ,r.i r'nl , or to Rer. A 
alanuehl, S. J . St (-■...ulu-' ilmr-i,, M„il;ot jtreat,!*- 



THE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE, 

-AT BETSTICI^i.. 
J- l jQ "- """• •*«l>"'™«™uilre™« 1 ufflWj™i;B*t!iBI 






POLAR OIL. 

,000 GALLONS POLAR OIL, o: 



STANFORD BROTHERS, 
Pacific OllandCamphene Works 

0°"°r of Front and California atroets. 



COAL OIL. 

10,000 G d" A °L Vl L? N ' S 0ELEBR «KD 



STANFOftD BROTHERS, 
Padfio Oil or ,J Camjibono Works, 

Corner of Front and California Mro all. 



C AM PHENE. 
UaTinrj a.tl|| „Uh a eapaeil, of m0 ro than 

1,000 Qalbna Every Twenty-Jour Hoara, 

Campene of abetter Quiiliiy, 

■-OWER PRICES 

°'a aor otlior ertabllslinieBt on tbe p M iC a Cout 
'I-arfjo sa^g and 8mau ProfltlJ „ 

lVlllbolh.rol.ofourhooaa. 

STANFORD BROTHERS 
raetoo oil and CamphoBo Works, 






C J. FLATT, Prindoil. 



FIRST PREIHinm AGAIH! 

BEING TUB 

SEVENTH TIME RECEIVED 

Against All Competitor*. 

R. H. VANCE, 

Corner of Montgomery anil Sacramento Sfc, 

SAN FRAWOISOO. 
Ilarlng- again received tho FIRST PREWIfl 1 
awarded nttbo State Fair for tbo REST AMDUOITPK; 
acd PHOTOGRAPHS, It Is guarants.d that all " 



inairucllriBS ulren la tbe art, and aloes furw-'"*-- 
■Win* ovar S-20.0U0 vr.,rtli of Cnmor.i., HI ■ ■. I'M/'i 
Ca™>, nn,l Chemical., on hand and on the »ay, I &•* 



BAN FKANCI8C0 BAY DISTBlOl 
AGRICULTU RAL SOCIETY- 

THE nOAHD'IK rl.lMI7j;im„| ,1 ..,v,.nnm^f"^S 
I -...-I "ii ..HI- ..1 It....,,! H... 7. ,!..-.. ■<: II .11 lj.- 1 .;: 



THE OALIFOENIA PAEMEB. 



79 



<f,|)il!rrtit's dolumn. 



Children, Bud I'm.. 

behalf of fc" children, bow pitiful lo sec I 
Ellng, oakind returns, too frequently ms< 

blmwir lo |.r,-«nt to his mother a count 
urMlhc! otherwise (two with the sweet E 

HHSronlB of lave, tic should let his righ 
IbTgel ii rnnnine: raiher than lo forget lo 
•nnUcft kindly duty towards her, and hi? ■ 
B&vcio the roof of bU cioulh before it adi 
one unkind word lo the ear of one who bos 
Wl Ami-sties in his behalf- Young ran 
mother in thv best earth])- friend. The wor 
forget thee; I hy mother never. The wml 
willfully do thee many wrongs; thy mother 



Lore thy n.uih 
Huts rr . 



ll up hi 



£iv,[. 



3 these, 



When 



study c 



plisbtd with ease during Ihepropt 

the voiing '"■"! is Uiughi Ui ln.it. i]|.n[] IumIiIiIuI 

rlim.'! ii- vak-'r or v,i,;.(d. Ijl will I- UN .il..],: Ki 
«ith:i n-ill -.vhm hi. biindifiodlodointhoway 
Of busir,e. ; . iin.l u-ill f.iil ma [iv limes logo through 
big labors thmuirh cihnustion of the physical sys- 
■ ■ and gyi 



plnvi. 



raged, 



JOUOff 


ir-n " 


hould 


made eo, 


n-rili 


ll^lv nil.) 










irsenf 


[ii,;,,!,::! 


lm.nin k 


rehile 




give them 


Ultni 


ii- Ih.-ir 
r l.o.lii.j 














transtm 


TlgO 

[Ms 




IliWUottS 10 


their 


l,tt 


Doha 


,,„, 




Idren o 


alio iv :. i 


e of fresh" 


ir, is os fan 




have l.„: 


nfor 
















































brent 








Pl£T 


•.■ LlEi 


■ [■. 'In-.- ■/. 


r.- old. 




rid 








uur Mr. 


















lake. 


nd kiss me T 






■«*/," v 






at answer. 






Iri» 


nil-.- 




..=..■ Lh 


In child 


require. 


lobe 


.-'.. ,1 


Iv pulk-.l ll[ 


kenca 




bcalea, 




iLcnu 


be put down 






"Dei 


i mo 


her," 


aid a ddic 


te liitle girl, "I 










'Well, 




Bought 




leu, tr 


i|l,|.:H,[„.. ] 


tie gi 


. alv.-ilv. 


Tin- :■ 


-■ i '■■ 


nation 


[ll...[!]..T-::..l, 


ner to 


;,. '.. . 


ful lilll 
qnered 


culn 


,;;;.:.;: 


i ?'■<><■;■■-■. 


d with 

'[■lj \ 


Tl',Z 



It is Contiguous to all of the most Popular 
Places of Amusement, the Principal 
Thoroughfares, the Fashionable 
Promenades and Steam- 
boat landings; 

DESIRABLE STOPPING PLACE FOR 

FAMILIES and SINGLE GENTLEMEN, 






V ANTED, TO LEASE, ETC. 



WANTED, 

"J3 1 , Z 1 - , ' 1 . r '\\ '■■■ h -' 1 -.!.-- •■'■"<> UHDERSTAND3 



Who Wants a Farm Cared For? 






Pine Vineyard and Orchard 
£TO LEASE.i 



WANTED TO BE KNOWN 

T'tu.^'J,' 1 "^ *" ntU " s ' KafM > «*»"'*» tt 



TO SHEEP FARMERS. 






■EnU.^,L,.. ... 

*««»j^ Fault w. "•"■"t^"* 



HOTEL INTERNATIONAL 




Jackson street, above Montgomery, 

SAN FBAMCISCO, CAL. 

FIRST-CLASS HOTEL ! 

THE TABLES OF THIS HOUSE ARE 
UNIVERSALLY ACKNOWLEDGED TO 
BE THE BEST OX THIS COAST. • 

THE ROOMS AND BEDS 



r*:Lrs-t-ai£W3S Hotel, 
IN EVERY PARTICULAR. 




iiS^Zru!* 



W M. H. MOORE, 

in Francisco Brass and Bell Foundery, 

HO. S3 HALtECK STREET 




Gange Cocks, Cylinder Cocks, OU Globes, 
Steam Whistles, Hydraulic Pipes and Nozzles 

JOB MINING P DEPOSES. 
COUPLING JOINTS of nil sliei. Ja 








MANUFACTURES BEST WF PAWLY SOAPS. 
Hear cotmt ofMsMtt«aaF»«uiort»«tt 



Dr. Frank G. Johnson's 

SELF-RECULATING 
"TO" I J«" JD M I X- Xj . 




MANUFACTURED AT THE 
Empire and Keystone Ironworks, 

D. VAN PELT, Proprietor, 

Nob, 00 and 92 Bnsh street, San Francisco, 

Tine Mii.i, is a i'|-.ui-i:<-i M-:i.r- 

*)!# - BccnUmr and PrfTerlnr, m.do all ol 

J--!.- .- I...II ()■<; T-. il( li-L ^ n..!,...-,.!-!, HI 

■,.•-.1 " I,,,-, r.-.i.mj.,, ,.■■■ ,„.;ii[[.; r.]..,.-,-, 

^J'J re.dr (" do Iho work 

A^ The Cheapest and Best Windmill 

Z—*"^ OF THE AGE. 

The prices, it Iho Depot, for Ihoie adapted to Acriculln- 



Self-adjusting Post-Driver. 

A. valuable Iiiiplenieiit for Farmcr§. 

HYDE'S PATEN-T SELF-ADJCSTWO POST- 
DBIVEIl i.[i.i^.ii^.-at.. Fur mors, «ia>aluabln 




ji.TOL 




OFFICIAL NOTICE! 

POLHEMOS' DRUB STORE, 

KAI.TI tMFLHTO, C*L. 

FELLOW CITIZENS: 1 hnro lived amonc 
Iho o.or (Florlciu FOHTV-KINK.h.vn.uil 

JOU In throe Crci ar.J itin-o (].,■■ I,., „w I initr, 
iiiii™ i :r.; U . i [|huiyfiHiiilj.l U riri.rlh(, terra of... 
for oar "ii'Erin ■' '"i".'" ''"" '"'' ""'"'' ' : '"' : "' 
enablod me lo |.iy 6^ llur.jrcl Ccnu on lho"Soiiai 




lor wbhlog * raacblnr, to c*ll a 
rinnnw»tt up and rud/ for Inipeerinu. Call 

ENAPP, STJEBELL & Co 

> m BAH FBAWf 



Mr. BBOADWAY PINNED TO THE WALL, 
JS. G o A ,K° 







FURNITURE 

AND 

BEDDINai 




JONAS G, CLARK & CO., 

IMPORTERS AND MANUFACTURERS 
OP 

FURNITURE, 

B ED D I N &, 



135 Wasblngton street, 

SAN FJtANCISCO. 

WE HAVE NOW IN STORE 

The Largest Stock of FUENTTTJEE Ever 
Offered on the Pacific Coast, 

Which no Rill loll 

A T LESS PRICES 

THAN IT COSTS OTHERS TO IliPORT. 



JONES G. CLARK &. CO. 

73 W*>hingU. D mreot,S»n FraneiKO; «aod 61 Fourth 
ftreiit, bemeen J and K, Sacramento; Hont-r .treet, 
bet-eon Slain ind Lovoo, Stoeklon : First itrcel, San 



Bees, Bee-hives, Honey I 

REV. L. L. LANGSTROTH'S 
MOVABLE- COMB HIVE! 

H TRA M HAMILTON, of SANTA CLAEA, 

APIARIST AND AGENT 

For the nbovo named Potent Hive, for California, 

Oregon and Washington. 

BS- Persons nbaing em obtain Iodividoal RIQntS 
-rltbin wld Stale* and Territory bj »ndin K S26, ij 
Wells, Fargo and Co.', Ei^res... lo Ibo undonlfrned. 

HIRAM HAMILTON". 

SaptoClarn,Peb 1S,1SS0. 2,3m* 



BEE-HIVE! 

The BEST, and hmte the CHEAPEST 
Bii-c ever offered lo Bee-keepers. 





IHR'fu UDIerlo Fre.no 

Tiie pric» or ^^Dl^^DUAI. rights >■ sis. 

fou.ilj- of Sl.ito RlBlitanlllboioldDBtonDjadrtn- 
rbnSjwUnaUoiuiaBJOIlInuiorigT Fa lent will ho fii.rn 



PATENT RIGHTS FOR SALE, 



No. L A New Eotary Subsoil Plow. 







No 




A Corn Cn 




itor- 
















irpfHoi 




s 


;,;';;, 






;.';,! .■." ,r-.".; 




i.r.u.-!il. pFowrd 




No. 3 




In 


roved Clotheo 


Be 


1 ul H.r. 




;. 


sHi° r r 


™ 


o'tEelJ ""''"' 


1 


5r'i ;: is 


s 




H 


.4. 


The 


Mcebnnio'i Spirit Level. 





Ho. 8. A Mnskotn Bar. 

Alia, HynV« Patent Potl-Drrtor, 

yj™; JJ.'S^I™ °fj» C "r. Toko, or IndlilaMl 
COL. WAlUtEW, Edltar Fanner. 



AHTBRJC1TE. WEST HAnTLET, LIVEltPOOL VAH. 
nmi^nUr o^Jl .nd^b.'itTbi 111 " 1, do,cH P"«°' of Cod, 
0. B. EASTMAN-, 
OpjiiialleCsMo, 



DomeNtiC FtuvlH. 



con bo .ujinlltd 1.1 CllillJ W ihlFuoCT Offlco. Tl 
irdi f- pair, euopfca « be 



iSFo AL rPQENIAJABMBE. 




Hr. S 


inner bus offered b reso 








or uyirhnt right the Jb 




rtaken, io lime of pe 




of Congress, 10 "" 




sscls, in itaiean irat 


blood v ' 




pur-' 1 


to n 1Jn " e ' 1 =["* c0 ^ 



men! aid from IflJ" Io 










one, ™ one da 






come aear a general Belli in 


ot liktlj to be d 








Tbo Goternroent is 














HRnilNHMIIHIIlLBU 


Oa the 5ih tho Sent 






propriotlou Bill. *■'•' 
amended lo Mlou Co 










dinns within her otvn 


















the amendment passed, the 




ttr cared for at tedu 






question, the Domes Ic 







. TaomnTkel for Wheat i 
lions, U>«" heias " l»S« 1 uanU ' 
desire or the hrmer. to dl.noso of 
There has been sold within Ihe 



Butter, M>P»" 



_i- Record or of 1 

iraa before the lluu=o K^mii.ini. i.'nramiit.;,-. .««d 
Bdmilled that hi- Ih-IJ .in ,.llj..v in ill.- I'iiil t.i-l|.l,i' 

not know why "hi. Muac vu oTDitted'ln Ihe otteM 
ngistei. Mr- Pearson, of Saw York, testified 



tract given to Mathiri 
thirty thousand dollars 
these disclosures, at 1 



ilb the Tnsuurj Depart 
t Co., tbu* sarin?; oti 



can cipeud 






novr about Repnblt- 



CotUo Distemper 
To the Editor of lbs Boston Daily Advertiser: 
I bare lead, in your valuable paper of tho Olh ol 
March, a letter from jour correspondent in North 
Brookfield, in which an account is given of lbs 
"Cattle Distemper," prcvuiliu- in ihat .tn.l n,.ii'li- 
boriug towns. 1 was myself requested by the 



author: 



■..■ il.. 



rlli ltrc.')S:li-ld I- 

>f several 
Hi 1 went 

idgcort 



herd: 



of cattle. 
And, tbei 

paper. It is known that Mr. W. W. Che'ncrj in. 
potted from rjbUnnd, in Haj last, four cows. Al- 
though it it stated they Here shipped in good con- 
dition, wilb a certificate of a vetenanrv lurgton 
that tbey "ere sound and kte from disease, "tni 
of them became seriously affected with a alraugi 
diiorder." 



Hal 



appc 



1 that 






. 0.-nr S ..- II. 



1 of May, ihcjattcni 

-as called lo Ibcm, but no am nut men or- 
] immediate slaughter of the sick animals, 
> your correspondent elate*. For one animal 
ived titM days after its arrival and another itn 
days. It is further known that tho owner of the 
iitllv lit'dii't llit- :liii> in v.liisii ili.v were import- 
isedbyncgk-- J 



td, considering Ibeir 



the w 



of ct 



in tbo 



r, tin 



r. Dadd was 
testified to his belief in the same ca 
During my oiarai nation of the cnlllt in North 

Dr'.'ukli-U, tc, I 1 If :.ll ;i>i1.i|>--.v nf LiV(j iinimiil.i, 

one belouciiiptu lit. ..i]t„,1,:.i,J oi New Braintrce, 
and the other to Mr. Leouiird Stoddard of lirook- 
field. Both of them labnrin;: nn.l.rr di -»;<.-, were 
slaughtered for Ibe eiotniniiiion. Tin- first animal 
presented the fnlluw iu L r nn.ii.i.i iiTiT..Mr.n)<:i.-i: Tin- 
loft lung wai incr<n-:,.d ir, hull: 1-. [n-rlinp.i tbrk.i 
iLJ .'i;..- when in n liealiii,- ounliiiun, and cnnjoli- 
dated lbrom.-hr.iil, .-,„„ ,,1,-1,1-, fining the- pleural 

cavity of the left side, with fomc ad i,..i„ to tin- 

"pleura costalis." Uo the right side the cavity 
contained a small quantity of ;t nra „-,:„]„. ,.| llui.i, 
and the long, although capable of sustaining lire, 
■«e. tiidfuilj niT.-cliju bv intir.ii.al disease. 

The other l,fir,r i,r,.."„iin,,.-l al,,,,-,), uron „. 
aminnlion, nr.-imle.l ll,, fuli„ K l r , s np,,,,.,;,,,^.,: 

The chejt contained a largo ooantity of- 

lough, yellow lymph, with a small porlic. 



»-»-;S ( r V ! t / *:-; 

mUSbs do aiaJollrSustiTidlo-,*' ai .- *W 
Ean Franeino Caitlo Mukat m 



a good demand for California Heme 
d quite a number in market, moslly 
Mualry. Tb«7 brine Irew*a«»Sl« 
quality, (lood Atuorienn llanM hrins I 



Bete.il Fries 

PoUlDrt.lf B 



[ Waahiogton Market.— April ^. 







E;p.CJ.f do.. J..";. .JCK flJocy.rnciaih 758): 

DucH^ej. ^4fc| Mlp i c g U j„....y a,.... 



Langs lo bo 


...nil! :;,,ii 


ng bo 






lo tho bifu 






which had t 


















lb hut 4 sm 


11 por 




remaining. 


soft. The n 




.1. .1 lin.i.v- 
















Although 








don Vetcrin 






o( Mr. 1'hn 
















oovinced lo 






purchased 


t Belmont, 


"!■';-" 


ed by the c 


























out, wilb 1 


lent dbit=i5 E 


gbt apparently rcc 
n the lungs, w bic 



litrt— Sirloin, londtrl 



aukeoifrMlr'.'.'i'.a M 
■llr«e7^p» 

Ura DD ,»>0 



Marshal'* Office. The case 



v,:„.„„ f. a .. 

U.. I'.., -,'.!■,, .. 

i'i:i':-.. V' I'-.' 
11,,','jii.. mid, 



PACIFIC TIN-WOSKS, 



BA.JST PRANCISOO. 

^. G. AUSTIKT 
TIN AND SHEET-IRON WARE 

Plain, Fancy and Japanned Ware, 

5T0VE3 AHD 6T0VK FTmNlTnaE, ENAMELED 

WAHE, HHHED ieon WAEE. COFEEE.BIU.La 

'■■"" BAKE.0VEK8, 4o., 4c 



ALEXANDER H- TODD, 

Ptoilnce and General Commission Agent, 

Ho. 4B CLAY STUEBT, HEAIl DAVIu, 

SAN FRANCISCO. 

A LESANDEn n.TODD ba> been .n««d In ■allln. 

J J ■ j H'rrf.™ t,r fi.e rear. , 



bfrnmao 

for (In. ;.i 



Coal, Woodj Charcoal, &c. 

Paoiflo street, between Powel and Mason, 

BAIT !"fiaIiCI30ct. 

tJsT " "*■[« J ""- ji.i,:,',.; i' L , . , ;,; l 1 :' 



AMEEICAN PUMP! 

Patented April 6, 1SB9. 

Without Snclion, Without Paching! 

fuVti a DOUBLE ACTINO FOitCE 1>UMF. with but ^ne 



FARM STOCK, &o. 



^IjSTE STOCK! 

g ^TOf FOR^ALE. 

BY THE STEAHKKS WHICH SAILED FROM NEW 
Yoft i>a tbe 5:a ol Juiu.Tr, IBfiO, I h«.D nuda ani " 

TIIOROCGU-BRED STOCK 

= paclnc Cout, eoasliluig or 

SHOBT-HORN DUEHAM CATILE, 

Purs FfttNCU MERINO. SOUTIIDOIVH »nd COTS1V0LI) 

SHEEP, 













Bii.in^J il-"- I Et.il. ; iL-li i.li.C.) ft.3i.1cr. ' 



BLANKETS. 

Any Description of Blankets whioh may 



ALL-WOOL BLANKETS, 

noma of Hours. HEYBEMAKS, PICK ion. sli ,,,-.< ill 
™™'" d - "AVID .-i. TUHNER, 



FIRST FREmTOH GOLDEN STATE 
SHIP-BREAD AND CRACKER BAKERY 

^ Plow^Store, £ 

MAHUFACTURKKS OP * 

SHIP, NAVY, AND PILOT BREAD 

SpocUl atLeaUdci glTcn to urcparla ihq 

"■^ '^■■^""^^-^^bSaiSrS^: 

J... HASKELL, & CO. 

HIDES, TALLOW, $&$ 
L 0FFI01* 

flAM FflAHiilMCIJ. 

W. B. nUNT,corr,nrBro, n j .*,!., , 

J- I --■HTM..-.., 1,1. ,. ,V "■'■' •■'''■'■"■■■?""■ 



'I'flK ,!■!■ r I- ! '■■-■ I .!','. nil -Slli:i;i> ltll^J-:lls. 

,ISAS PLAINS, AT LEESE'S BASCHO, 
aowprcpBrn] unupply tbcmwilh MERINO BUCKS 

■ and i-Urtgbam Young," lm : wrlcd Inlo IbU 



L. WARREN. Editor nf Fan 



T HOROTJG-H-BB.ED 

g^French Merino Sheeptg^ 

BERKSHIRE AND SUFFOLK SWINE 

•:>.,..■,■ Ti.dr.-J - i.| ,1... ll, i,„ r „-,n,-.l ..:,! I„,-.| l,j I .... i .-.-.: j . ..,'. 
KiuriDUxduibe^ujIluiii.)' .idcli [Lit e.n tiofuunj. 

S_ NEW MILCH COWS, 



1,500 SHEEP FOR SALE. 



■Tii-.i'l null (i.l|.|-.l,..,l Mirir.i., „l I-,,:,,- 

Of Hi- ■MM l.,„l!>. I,,;,,.,,,,.,! ■■«,.„„, 

.11.-,. :■!.■'! I.ji.,1.: ir. .„,,. 1.., 1.1. .,,„ | b, ,d. 

Alltoo aboroa.a in a bsaliby cumlllliiB, Bad Hill b 

rnqnlro ot j7 Clay ,m«t of n. LARnLEE, or 
OEO. UOBBEB, 



Ferrets. 

VEl?ll«ri3Nr DEBTHOYEB3. 
A PAIR OF SUPERIOR FERRETS (MbId and F« 

Ap^lj ai tbo (jfikTi .,t ib L . Ciiii'rnraia Farianr 



BERKSHIRE SWINE. 

THREE FULL-m.OtlD BERKSHIflE B0AH3 sad 
_ ^ ^.i.-M.'l.r.lll.ui.li KKIlK-HIHK ,'ijlVf, , u 'i ,,.. 

wOflo Immediiloly rcpomlgd id. ' "■™'™ ! " x F ; 



SHEEP WANTED ON SHARES. 



BERKSHIRE AND ESSEX SWINE 
AMEHICAH EWES WASTED. 



FULL-BLOOD MERINO BUCKS. 

\ run- i u i]. t .i, H .j M(;nrNO AAHB rcom Itm P.iur.on 

A i| ii«*,r9i-»jaH, (111 i lB jf., rl I,,,.,, [„. ...,,..;. 



rtvtsE) Full-blood Dlerlno Slieep. 

J^L P»r.,nas «L.1„„ B F U 1M.I I J]..,!,„. Sheo,. .„. 

,u.; . '1 ,:, * , ■' , '-"-=-"" ''' aiT'linc 1^ a., b- 

I Ilf "' l'«'"'a.i!ly, .... ,„ h«v» m NI1 , „f vu ■ 

baraatarforiala Adilrw. Emma Fabber ' 5, r 



TRAVELING. 
California Steam Navigation Company, 

JJ^erturl daily JTfia Jarkin -fr,.' :.-t]r.r, ,71 I i.-'.-Jr.-l. f \J 

CARRYING TJSiTED STATK3 MAIL. 

;-|,-,.m>.T NEW IVIllll.ti. !■■.,(. i. k ,,„...-) Sf-jmnr; 



Marysville, 

Colusa, and 

Red Bluffs. 



SBVArfREE, 

P1LAJVCER PAUMBli, 

Froighl, apply to 



WOOL, HIDES, and SKINS, 

AT THE UiailEST MARKET RATES, 

LONING & FUERSTEIN, 

BO FRONT STREET. 






JAMES M. EDNEY, 

Ocnsral Furcnaiing and Csmmissnn Moretmnt, 

and dealer Id 

Pianos. Meladcani, Patois. Safes, Seine; MathinMae 

Publliboriif tliM'-l'liLri.kc,.- l'l.:..-i.-.i..M," "Cbrcnnlorr 

i|.r'l).i"uN'd<.T "ll'U ti- 
irrowmiis and prices saat In*. 

147 Chambers street, New York. 

Coinmil.hn fur buyln S andforBardlnc, two-and-a-bllf 






OIROULAB. 
IT- Thn Maciiaiilca' InaUtuu of (lie ell 

Saa Pranoisou "ill bald tbelr Thml Industrial Vi 
tho mania of September, I860, lo said ottj, and 

colturl^ls, hurilcalLurbts. and all nthor pmdacers, 
represented thoroiu by Iholr irorlis and nreducts. 

rtnder the winiDi;° 'l:i"ii'i!i''.u' ■'■..'■ i,"v, ':■ "' :ii'l; .''. 
ini,.,,-.-!,,!.- il, .„ in,., I,,,,,,;.,!,,,,- „,. L .,, .hieh an 

v.t.'..lls ..In, ill,-, I 1., l,i-. u oxe-i,:i:-.;.J n |,-M!>t influoOMM 
i"ir ]-.■ ij.lu, .iii-l ,l,-,-..|[,. : ll,..:.. (.Ii-.lrlj .-.!■ !> ■ II:.-. ■ 1'--' 
yvir lb, ii Dm: Si ih-.-i 1. ,,n,i.i i, Miiimonllyciulblisf 

i-in-iM -.riio.ll, wlleltod. 

>li--l"i- I,|,|-I,,i„,.i,ii] i,.,.v,..„.],m] f ur sneb artiste , 

-I f..li|.,n,i.. i„..„„l,,- ur , ; „ r j,rMd Ut l i, may bad* 

iii.-i-.ir-i.,. i'.III boaJvlsedbyoarrull Circular (u bs 
l'_-u=d in Janujiry or leti.uiin) „f ibe rule, aa i i!inl>- 
tiunj of Ibe Fair, Ibu .].,y n | . | ■ . . "i i . r ,- . j |,„ oirtnitil Ii* 

tamo, and Ml nthor vootiora rolitini; [hereto. 



urdarof tbo Institati 



WH P. I1ESRICK, 



tWUnn.paiwraon tbo PuciC; C,,^i,i>i,:n Ik '■"■-■ 

U'i,r|.fi.».ai«l,-,,u..-.'ltJr.. 1.1,1,11,1, Ih.i ilt.n... !.i,.;li'- 
i„l v,,,! ,,.i|.;r 1-. ..Ill, ..,,( ■■.'.!,. L l,.u,„-, : |i.,i]i,JK,« l 



OALIFOEKTIA FARMEB. 

List of Agents. 
lOtip Snnscuiaraa can scud muncj lv -,h -if' : ' 
*etfi5ior al tho Pmi-oluco, and Ihomonay ntll come dire* 

rVH-LS, Plaaa A: Co.,-.t<ill.J t /rDJS!.,( n ISl,al»H. 

;■■ 7I.-I .-,-,:,:-. I-.,,,:....,.. ; .. ; ... ..;..,,,.. ,... .-,. ^ 






I M Willi """""Bn A B eiita. 



BERKSHIRE AND SUFFOLK 

SWINE ! ™, 

^^^'t^iS^"".^!" «g;« b, tZu ,, 





'Wtmm&m 



VOLUME XIII- 



SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA: FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 4, 1860. 



NUMBER 11. 



% Mihnfo pxmtv. 



0010KEL 



Tlt>=-— Bf mitt, for uiM-jTM-.S-Vforrtimoailil, 51 For 
■ cluij ,1 h-.' n.-ttf-jtncrlbjrs.i.lJthcopI-wllJtemilir.Ut 
ToCltTrob-^ri^rt.Wiic.tJI.JCiucier.lSliCfflUaminiter, 

Ey ad.=ri!i=moaU and Sotnotlplloni uru lb'' iuiJ 



■a. Fit 



Latter from Clear Lake. 
lira: Thinking a Tew words fn 
umry would Interest some ( 

3 and the Tatars looks favoral 
lining the !Tth of March, nod 



inked. The weather cleared np with a frost, 

, did not injure the fruit, as there are to my 

iwledge, no orchards thnt have been planted 

s.nd taken care of long enough to be ia bearing. 

The people begin to see that something besides 

ne-fnd "ill grow here, and several small or- 

b»rds of good varieties hare been planted [Ms 

and the prospect is good for many more 

ring. We have good titles to our laud, as 

:hnse from government, and need not fear 

re-ill admit. II Las been settled hero hut a 
nie, and but little has been done cicept 
Eii si op; nod making hotter and cheese. 

■ a good crop. Con si tie ruble land 



Tho people aboul Clear Lako labor i 
dvantnges. There is no mill su 




; [ir.jiluL'.: pood wheat an- 
be raised In considerable que 
aiill to grind it. A good slid 



tnd, if Deed be A good 
p tho country very much, 
mnncrative to the owner. 



toncc over a rough road. 

Ml ear Lake is n vorj'hcalthv plac 



l in the Ei.i.rn States, twenty yc 
nc apiarist lost over one hundretl slo 
in; but, as the same individual n 
making tlie business profitable, i 



Wtiat Kind of Knowledge to of tho Mo 
Vnloo ? 

TFt End the following article in an Eastern papi 



of Call 



h,u - 1 ... I 



ferred to places and apiarists wh 

am certainly gratified to bnov 

uy blunderbuss occasionally is 

ns of thn thnndcriogs of the onnn 

Mr. Editor, for making usi 

the present case. Such pi 



ns. ft s 



i of v 



a gun ir 



..ii.-...[ilf:i 



lake effect, and I always noticed that lie icoim 

Urdtfiutlerid. 

1 noticed what you say of a worthy fellow-cili 

of Jforysville, nod that ho is expecting soon to 
lire a supply of the Italian Bees; and it may , 
: out of place to say that L. Kennedy & Son 
ipecling the same thing. One of the firm, n 
. the State;, writes that ho shall return In a t 

weeks, with a supply of the genuine article. 



Impro ved Flo aria g-mllla 
A short time since KB referr 


for Fnim 
d to value 
and to wh 


lTln. 


WW 


is called In 
s of the me 


our advert 


ising coin 


nsb, 


re fan 
gtbc 


ed »Ub dr 
in all Eta 
hanical a 


wings, rep 
parts; also 


speci 



e advantages ovc: 

Bee by those who desire, and wo I 
to the advantage of fanners and 



f of the 



for tho interest . 

Much might be s 
the grower, to be 



vish to get before the publi 
hn, by understnnilingly r 

me time submit in market 
no In quality, more directly 
.ha consumer, and entirely 
llcss spirit of speculation, 
on this view as inducive to 



of this character, he could 

uii.ro liberally reimrdcd every way, in Bating and 

his lahor accompanying. Take an instance: 
few weeks since, In Fcbroary, a farmer across tho 
Bay, in Clinton, look his wheat to the Cli 
Mills, sold it for SI *» the 100 pounds, and booght 
in return bran at Si GO the 100 pounds, eqt 
S30'a ton; whereas, if he had a Portable Mill of 

mand (as steam, water, horse, or wind), wl 
suilnblo bolt attached, all at an cipcnso of S500 
to $700, ho could In his barn or other outhouse 
turn his SI JO wheat into floor as good as tbi 
host of city mills are now doing, and in the ulti 
mate, receive S3 80 to S3 for his wheat, [lie offo 
ever paying for manufacturing. Soch a course a 
thiswoold bo parallel with what now the ferine 





that of food — it is irreparably connected. As 

' '".nromUft conform ii. methods io tbephe- 

of vegetable and animal life, it follows 



are quite.. lent 


.0 produce all the effects which 




twerf to ciist. 


Br.Ear.biioa has 


assumed a high position among 






•mphatlcr.llv, the ( 




that he r. .tilt -„, 


ccoto his "lime and money" to 


BSeaosc of bce-c 




from bin, inmw , 


s the evidence of the existence 


H^fiwl-brood" as 


a contagion. Many of us know 



iscu.jion of tho "Be 
lue attention. To all 
n thanks for their fu 




i.-rijiiuuetj t~ i.i" life, the [.roper ilii-clini-gs 

duties. Yet this is the kind of knowl- 

day of boasted education that has the 

ion paid to it by the masses. Iu tho 

mily of knowledge, science is Ibc boose* 

radge, which permits us to indulge in o 

c conld not otherwise 









t Horae-Powor nnd Force-Pomp. 
E made mention in our last issue, of s, new 
e-powcr invented by Messrs. Keep 4 Briggs, of 
ndry, of-Stocktott, Since the first 
t power wu have had n good oppor- 
inu it In opcrntioo, together with 
■ ca.it at tho same foundry, which is 



I. yd, 



ily, in the rotary 
n largo jly-whttl, 
is a minntc, giving 



ng, the Jerk which is usually found ii 
i, and which materially affects tho v 
mp os well as tho quantity of ti 



e pipe. This power 



liich ii n-hci 


and. band arc applied, and 


used Tor grt 


idiag uhrot, cracking grata 


for feed, fc 


r a cllimi, tcatking-nachint. 


anang-lolkt, 


ote. And yot this whole 



nnd Viae Flontuig Around Mnrysvlllo. 
turrespanileut, writing from Mnrysville, gives 
o following Hems, which speak well for tho 
ess of Yuba county: 

. G. Briggs, Eaq., has planted about 30,000 
:- vines, tho past winter, mostly Los Angeles 
. Cbas. Corillaud, Esq., has planted about 
01) vines. Other neighbors have planted 
ly. Not less than half a million vines have 
planted, within five miles of Mnrysville, tbo 
vintcr. Tho prospect is line for a great crop 
it this season. Some varieties uf tho peach 
idly eurled, Lot the prospect is they will rc- 
tbolr fruit. The curl is worse on eery tcet 
d, or very dry ground." 



loneota la our Orohnrda. 
have been watching this subject with Intense 
si, for entno time, and have delayed speaking 
thnt wo might give somo well prepared olu- 
on of this now feature in orcharding, by nn 
analysis oi tho insects. We Had there are several 
species i nod wo now ask of all who notice the 
ranee of these InseotB among tbolr trees, or 

possible; In bottles having perforated corks, Homo 
leaf inside, alio, and wo will have n careful ex- 
ami nation by a skillful onlomologist, and mako 
report of same, for public good. Send ,«, also, 
all facts noticed „i M,„ i,p,T,ii,„r,^ ,i,,,i i, .|, it . a( 
the inscol, and wo will give immediate utiunlion. 



S3 



THE CALIFOBNIA F A R M E IB ■ 



CALIFORNIA NOTES 
THE mDIANOLOGY OP CALIFORNIA- 



tree 


Slavic 


atolo or mash 




jullrosb stapan 








high friends hi| 








wolf 


nmbhojen 






aibka 
















anteloi 


i sbewl 








k 






ospbullnm w 


goose 


wawa 


liquid asphalt! 



The roncberia of the Mission was known as 
Gascon or Quell. Other roncbcr.ns were Heicwe, 
Sapolel., Seyuklooo, Kolok, Sbalowa, Sbopeshao, 
Nipoma and Sbukku. A rancaefia close bj the 
Mission of La Porisitna was called t.ipook. Neat 
erias called Cijuk- 

an jeflrt old aavs, 
\, Santa Bai 






d llascwnk. 



Santa Ynei aad La Furisima 
the same language. The rai 

Pnntn Alomo;Mahowot Joso Carrillo'a Rsncl 
Immahol, not far from Hnbowj Sapaquonil, 
Jitneno's raneho, Cesunalroo, at Rafael Gonial 
rancho; Casnahacmo, at Santa Clara's ranel 
Topolnnow on Hernando Tito's rancbo ; Spooki 
north of Mission on Beach; Tallnpoolina, at r 
raDcho Virgo, op the Santa Clara river from 
Btision. The Indian- informant was about twen 



light et 



■■:,l.,;. 



ack thiol 



Jl thick, face ]. 
raoelicriaof tho Mission of 
called Eohhulup. These 

riclailj- of t 



The Indian 



of ! 






ad all lived 



greet. Wfl 



■mall, little gooebjew 
knyaloveou elrong nugbwasbabola- 
pispulauab Ian 

toOooll old a-coochew 

postaileh young nloluabook 





Bad the 5 


inta Baibsin 


foichcad pi gj Is bo good 


raya 
















ifelWfl 

Author, 
fitter 


0/ Ins Indian* tieing " 
in Santa Barbara C°<"< 
m.-lpnl IBM, from on Ina 

aid, barn wr tit Utom 


, m<-.n b]t '*" 
2n nan, rtrWy- 


rnoi ■-: 
tongue 


titplcaoose hriodsoruo 

isbtono 

pnsnoleh ogly 
libtluuo dead 


nogblpwy 
alocopoke 
tannnish 








UQllk 








spirit i 


auebk. 

dehecha 

hawbik 
krai 


C.i'l. qunil 
hawk 

fish 


n( 


paskellct warm, hot 


litbsbork 


girt 

infant, ch 


hellek 


band 
Indian 


pesspao (ploralj thou 
passpoopoo he 


pec-ee 
liiewoo-lab. 




cold 


•utalah 
sheahakwa 


pipe, c 


uven uuwwonee this 


thuya a 










fingers 






forehead 


snoebka 


three 


™ 


palcbwat- many 

nl.ipirm' (plural) near 
atalaparaj- today 
pulchcueasli v^krJiij- 


the same 


eye 


tut 


six 
eight 


itlsbcnu 
etemnesa 


belly 


liubum 
maotey 
pon-ah 




tooth' 


ten" 


cheahwn 


•li-Tiiim-l (plural) yes 


oniEhtuo 
puskpielflW 


neck 
hand 


S3- 


thirteen w 


iii.^nr-.-i-nmu 




patchy ouk- east 










fingers 
body 
leg 


clewoe 


hundred 

dtinfc 
milk 
walk 


etienb waseb.cn 
ukumel 


Woo" 


acbcbucluo two 
sen oy ash three 
nugbyoutisb four 

\\\';y :iiv ;1 ii:hiuoo five 


sletisma 


grasshopp 


r luk hit 
sink ka wn 


ncorns ck palish 


chief 
friend 


aiiiliudicliucb seven 
■L.ii-hk.n (plural) eight 


mnlnwab 
epah 


bean 


iynpis 


fighting 


esblaush 




louse, hut aap 

eanoe, boat tomoto 
star nbkowous 
clouds toohoey 
light abukstl 


bootius-owl \ ^ ^ 

breast soscya. 

flowers speyhe 
rattlesnake oelakhel 


knife 
day 


yhash eleven telTcw 
twopuu (plural) twelve masighpascumoo 
twotwapau thirteen Is. IS * I 
liiewoo twenty ischumpas- 
loat tcuiolo quascum 
acklicke twenty-one isas. 20 4 1, 
fanncm and is (hap) 








emej-kahaya 


light 


lis thaw twenty-tw 




sir 


nlapnche 


bora-frog 


night aughemy tuiriv ni.i^ijliL-iinr'ju.iili- 












; klssaisin furlv scoonnji,j:-ijiiu. J h- 
















crow 


bach 


eyebrows 


ehnnakoots- 


spring 




tLchuranas- 



., land, nimlsoup s { 

ontewnugh st 

: oolam (plural) Id 



oaptil 



nish 



□ello 



tbei 



afi-eetlnn shi 
jlchoo (plural) to stand 

cknlgh earthquake 

phfclH'oh .i:li]i-- : i- nni=l 
i-.l..li':ri.:ii<insbnrlc 
SANTA BARBAIIA. 



Silj.op.wr 



iBUgbpje 
ooluopou-ouk 

K'-U'tlLjitlU 



itnrd? stappan? 
non cowwoteb 



SI Teckotote 
Los Dos Pueblos 
I* Cnfloda del Corn 
Saa Marcos 



generally among the best-loo I 

nlous of all tbe Missions. It will be remembered 

that in 1542 Cabrilln, the discoverer of California, 

their having canoe, of wood and Iradiog with' his 
ships for Esb. About the year I8H3 ocenrred a 
revolt of the Indians of Santa Yncs Mission, 
which occasioned the Califoruiu government some 
trnnble to put down. 

In July of the present year (1850) the Rev 
Padre Rabin of SnnU Tom Mission College 
staled to me that last year, while oo a visit to tho 
Tejon Reservation and tbe Tola™ cuotrj, at least 
one-half of tho numerous Iodiaos be law there- 
away, :■:■::<■ r>|.J ni-ophyu-s or w , :tt! Mi t ,i„ u .|„., ri 
Indians; and Ibcy told him many more were 
Uvjn,. „„ il,,.Si.,rr.i furlLtr c.'i-tward. This see ens 
to h. : Hit case Blso with the Indians of fc. iu |i lt , .„ 
and San UcrnBrdino eonntios. 

JUa- 8. Tho Island of Santa Cruz Indians, 
noar Santa Barbara. 

TV ' '?' l ' J ''"' !: " : "> ■■■'■■' •">■ baptized 



to Barbara. 

God Sbupu 

wicked spirit loucli 



™B " nvok 

goose „„ 

•""•■k Teklek 



pakaencn black 
olwilanie red 
ebouwiWwa blno 
paolchma- yellow 
laupon. green 



HskcgLcn 
llskeghca 



nitng Ibo Islands of f 






iveth 






e taken 



entll 



postenly. Those received from tb 
ten, and grand Withers, they know; bnt of tin 
al-grandfathcrs nod ancestors, they con scares 
iw aojihlng. About the passing of ship,, th 
iw noLhlug more Iban from lime to lime secii 



When t 

I C\ilif.>r. 



bey found tribes 



ry Fathers 
f India 



>ng tbe Coast, from San Diego 
I Kan Francisco, and varying In number to uboi 
vo thousand, in each nf the largor tribes. Tin 
ilightened them with tbo light of tho Gospe 
ad fonnded for them the Missions to bo seen at th 
resent day. They were of a generons, and net 
-UJ docile nature, copp.r- colored, and high! 
ivorcd by tho Omnipotent Arm in strength oo 



The 



iscd wor 



HI, or made of tiaier join<d with ebordt, and tilt- 
•rred(with a.pbalte?) on d not capable of ear 
ing more than four perjoos. Their houses wcr. 
)t mode of atone, but of timber and recdj, lu i 
kMssBissssssssssssssi 

lieachlrihogencrall: 



a dlfferi 






o purput 



lion In their language, it i, snnerflnnru to i ■ 

•^7 knew t not The foregoing voeahulary . 

. Croz has been taken from one of Its native 



loonccd like En- 



ilashat. 
o Rt. Ri 



Take notice that it has to bt 

gllsh, as It has been so written, and ncci 

tbe gnlterBl snond or tho language wou 

The Indinn name of the Island of Si 
was Limoob or Limoo-eb. For tin island cfSnnia. 
Rosa Ibo name was Rurmal, that of San Mlgi 
was Two-n-can, that of Sai 

For the foregoing vocah 
pilemja Indebted to the k 
Tcodoro Amnl, Catholic Bisbnp of tbo Dioceso I 
Monterey. 

Tho Indian, who gnre tho information, did ni 
know the names of elk, wolf, beaver, squirrel, linn 
dm I;, pinion, tufted quail, nor tho terra for on 
thousand. 

An old American resident of Snntn Barbara in 
forms me that thn Santo Barbara islands wcr 
prolty thickly populated in the curly part of thi 
century prior to 1816. They had sneh blnody 
wars among themselves, for the fishing- grounds of 
each island, or each runebcria, that the priusts 
bad them all brought over to tho main laud and 
placed In tho Missions of Santo Barbara, San Luis 
Obispo, Sou Buenaventura, Santa Tnea and La 
Purisima; but tbat Tory few, if any, arc now left 
In those vicinities. ' 

Tho islands off tbo coast of Santa Barbara, San 
Diego and Los Anj,-.'!-.. eonntrit^, arc San Miguel, 
Santa Crui, Santa Rosa, San Nicolas, Santa Bar- 
barn, Santa Cnlallna and San Clemente, and they 
nro mentioned by Cnbrillo In 1512, as being in- 
habited, and by Viscniuo in 1(702, us (some of 
thorn) being very pnpulona. On Snnla. Calalion, 
Yiscaino's vessels stopped several days, and wore 
treated by the Indians with great hospitality. Tbo 

of a rude temple and worship of tho sun by the 
natives, ond of an immense black crow (probably 
the Condor), which was an object of great venera- 
tion among them, and nn tbe shooting of which 
by a Spanish soMier, I lie Indiana set up an awful 
howling of tremor and fear. This veneration of 
tho Great Bird of Northwest America seems to 
huvo been universal nmong the California Indians; 
a reference will bo found mndo to this subject in 



Great 



..i l!-.,ilro 



I Rcpni 



nitted o 



tribes by tbo Indii 

from tbe Northwest. Vt'e bcliovo these Northwest 

Indians were Kodiaks and others, in the employ of 

sea-otters, fnr-Seals, and avcloucs, who used to 
make raids on their own account. Id BngoRcid's 
ncconot of the Indiana of Los Angeles ennnty, 
published in tbo Los Angeles HUr, in 1852, it is 
stated that tbe Missionaries gathered the enemies 
from caves on tho iali 



DlacauBloDB i 



a Neiv 7ork Annual Meotlng. 
tulc Agricultural 



At a meeting of 
of New Y.irk, for discussion, a short time sloco, 
Mr. J. Stanton Gould propused to Introduce the 
subject of potato culture, and invited, through tbo 
Chairman, lion. A. H. Dichlnenn .»f Bteubon 
county to give an acco.unt of ibo method he pur- 
sued in the culllvntiori of this root. Mr. Pickln- 
son, on complying with the rcificst of bis friend, 
said ho felt under great ohllgation lo impart nnT 



illl'oil 






deal from the society, both by menns of its publi- 
cations ond from the annual discu^ions. He had 
leurned enough from Dr. Filch about tbo weevil, 
in bis wheat-crop, annually. 



Jnry. 



i amount nf that i 



r who did not gather 



from every s 

nro more Important an 
gathered from little 






Rhubarb, or Plo-Plant 
Tv-n-KN Myott first introduced the rhubarb I: 
Covenl Garden Market, London, ho fo,und it ncc, 
sary to giro away the ienf stalks for nn ont 
season, before bo could induce his customers 
purchase it. Now this same | 
tbnn n hnudred ncrcs in rbubnrb, tho produce 
wbicli la nnw sold in a single market. In «... 
country the rhnbnrb has gradually found its way 
into our markets, until the amount 
tbo vicinity of New York Is truly ci 
most every market gnrdoner bus a half acre or 
more devoted to tbe growth of this 
leas thnn thrce-qnnrters of an acre, 
yenr, before cherry time, nearly five hundred 
dollars' north of rhnbnrb; und if tho n 
woold have received 11 after cherry time, th 
bnvo doubled tbat sum. Cberri 



r frai 



cr, take 



of rl 



runr.ir.M- 


ly. 


'In- pt.1 


10-b light appeared 
















lis rows three fee 








nearly level, fifteen 






ed them with Ibc plow, 


■.vo l.ig I, 






im, nnd rolled lb 






















































.Ik in front of th 










visu ihey 


nuld 


nn lie i 


o readily driven s 



Clen 



to India, 






them decently b 



and hi 



ingnlar 






the thiita aire found uilh a doutU 
itemeat is can only bo ascertained by diaen. 
it San Gabriel, San Diego, or Jnan Capia- 



island of San Nicholas 
women; and only a shur 
account in tho California . 

1th gr 

An Amurli 

i.ii-.!lii.,niii 



I .,.. 



s, froi 



Cedt 



o that 



Islands for 



ladi.ins In the Chann 
l'»' up, indicate a very numerous p 
Indiana Tbero are supposed tu b. 
Indians left now, neither on the mi 
olsowhero, certainly none at their for 
Oa all these islands, bo says, trfe remi 
id signs of rancberio/, from a< 



tbo 



irtb, i 



fto a 



winb 



o Lncns, alioi Juan Rodrignei, 
ovtrer of California, in 15l"°ii 
by such vesscTs'asThe oWnaviga 

Cultivating "Adobe" Soil. 



nliii ,ii„ u 

:■: liuiulii-r 



iiii|"ir,i..,i-: ,.. ,]„. ,,!„.,. ,; ir[ ,. | . | | l 



,f ll.e |.ulat. 

Tlic lii-avi, 

blight. Me 



mid o 



-t.l tl.ru 



ive no difliculty in 
f potatoes per acre, 

hun'drc. 



, had raised four hundred' _.. 
twonty-fivo. He used tbe Bermuda potato; bar 
been accustomed to buy hij -tutl for fur ol" blidit 
but found the quality of the potnto mocb im- 
proved after growing three, four, or five years or 
bis ground. Freib manure has a tendency to rol 

Dickinson was asked I 



i tho < 



of wb.ee 



UMllr. Tin- soil for fruio 

his soil was clayey, lu.. ,11-, 
aliojjLili.r; it only made 
from tils mother how to lij 
used to see her shaving i 
nipir for pioj, und noticed 
the ..li-li. ivliikll,,. tiirccl : „ 
np and then roll it line, nn 



■lOuld boprepai 
rdod the clod-c: 



Using rhnhnrh, it should be rEmembered 
! a rank feeder, nnd calls for a large" 
f pabulum. We have found the largest 
103 hnvu bemi fnely 



used.— [Wurking Fr 



■ the b 



of il 



., of St. Lon 
innstrated that In tbe manufacture of a barrel 
lour, a practice! saving Is mndo of from twenty 
hirty pounds of wheat. Reckoned in cash, a 
ng of at least twenty cents n barrel is guaran- 
1, over and abnve any other mode of milling, 
agh the absolute gain is claimed to bo much 
■ethnn these figures indicate. Tbo berry is 

first divested of its outer coat, previous to grind- 
as appears from the statement, 

tho berry has a bard, polished look, sumowbat re- 
iholl. Of coarse, with the 



An nd'-Jiti 



J removed 



very t 



Value of Different Pood for Btock. 
L correspondent of tbo JJnrk Lane Erpre3s, 



o was a great win 



The plow was by for the 
necessary. They con 




opini. 



mud of tr 



teen pounds of the bes' 
engtb to a peck of beans 

turnips. I> 



turnips, was stronger than a pint of any other 

turnips. Outs wen fait tiling upon clover orgrasf. 
Linsecd-oil proved fnttening, with something 
binding. Ho bad fed some North-Devoo worked 



lafT, a. 






inly fin o, 



ar. The 
iill ol bt 

I impoit- 



GOLDEN-G-ATE 
W U R S E R T, 

^^Comer or Poartli nnrl Caluia itreeU, 
3g|i SAN FBAKCtSCO. BM 

HARDY EVERGREEN SHRUBBERY, 
GREEN-HODSE PLANTS, 
EVERGREEN CLIMBING VINES, 
MOSES, in 250 varieties, including fine standards, 
DAHLIAS, FUCHSIAS, CARNATIONS, 
and a a on«al assortmant D r 

JFlon-erlns Plants Tor tlic Garden, 

GBEEN-HOUSE, AND CEMETEfiV. 

Planla earefnll,. paekedfoTthe int.rior u r far e^A 

S^IC.'tn^tt r0r "' ,rdoJ bj -"' *° W * 
l B[f W. 0. IrALKER, Proprietor. 



- - =.i.i.V. ,, ,S2"f', S"7 4 >:%-i™ ,u 

— I .,.,,.„., -s'. ",,," ••••".-: Tl,,i, 



NURSERY,| 

Corner or Foisora asb Sparb tArneO, 
ift Dolores, SAJf tnnscisco. 

A CHOICE COLLECTION OF 

THE LARGEST AND BEST ABSORTilEHT OF 

FIRST PREMIUM ROSES and DAHLIAS. 
Evergreen and Ornamental Sbxnbbory. 



Df l-nyli.;; Htnl^A VEItVeh** 
Id Bnuiiah Puotrda n D J BlAcb Sjno^ 
I applied fur tnunculiuli- u tbo Farmer 



TH B CALIFORNIA. FARMER. 



S3 



Audubon and Aator. 
pKifLt ere often 
1L The rich often 
thing', i 

jeM 






>lbon 
^ffiwrtnncc 






J3.ii.uro la CoDsbtant. 

■li.na I 111' rriillnvay "f osivliiO'-t, nniniiiij 
lotto the direction lie iimst lute, if In. 



eiptciinir ili 


pay with 


which lobuyal 


te break 


fjil for bcr.tlf and 


(cvcml hungry 




Madam, lion 










a cot tro 


olilc herself to go 


up stairs 


for the fflom 


, end bi 


g her amious t 






In Ilk 






tailor-, iL.'ir 


shoemakers, or their waslic 


women. 


We oeej 






S DltOflj 


hwrUcss. .4 


,!,...-,!, ■ 


few shillings to 


rich per- 


MBUMBbLr'b 


v^vr, lb. 


to the poor II is 


ll.i-irall 








"•'■■ 1"".' 




























e off those who 








the teal facts 




bolloiv-,. , ... 














UllW.ldl 




..: 1ir..i,. 


tore nod par 


I,,...,,,..., 


limn., v-lnil-i-.y, ^li:.:li il|'- 



d that Mr. Astor (probably that he i 
before the delivery of all the loiter- pren 



if Sew York, 570,000 in the City Rank, 
i in the ilerchanu', JS.I.OOO— " "That'll 
I'll do," eiclaimed John Jacob, interrupting 

ir money."— [Commercial Bulletin. 



Ib it Cheaper? 
1 cheaper to bail J jails [ban it is to 
fcildren in good morals', and thus 



rather to pay for Hie mischief 

areata would keep their 
let them toko half a i 
■> lurn lib lb cm, daily. 



s father baa two 



link j.j 


or <i(n 


































heal lb i 




i lb,-mi,i<l 






tted. T 




e often a b 
















Kuw,. 




all lobemc; 


.If 
















of them 


fur „iir ,! 


Mr. 


, than it is to 






t, and run 






tractm;- 


taste foi 




to hi 














The daughters, 








Take pa 






nrfh 
















nlly, weak-minded « 


























hili. 


**"' 









P She Mayor Wonto to See Thoe. 

hit return lie wiie. norr..lioK to his nnolca'n ud- 

itnre which In had met on hoard a ship. 

H wo* one mgbt leaning over the tuffrall, JouU- 

'•*"'*" '"'■' ,l L-lic-ccMn/'jiiiJlhtNu,],,,.,, 

OW we will call William, "ivhen my gold watch 
i from my f u h „nd immediate! root of sight. Tbc 



i..|..v,itinjrlii, 



Bw la riiil'iiwi.'tii,, ■ 

E> "T hand oil 



find the Digged 



^™« (WW «ild i„ .!,„ m0Balaiut „f Virgin 
Sn,™ ' '''' 11 "-'- v ur,: i " 1 "' 1 " i" 'luiviilj , hi 






.oWlhing of 
To the 



I the light of positive s 



dth, it] highth and depth, you w: 



the end to be nceo?n;jti .lied i 
It is only Of com n J r.i lively I 
encc has begun to analyse i 



SEED. PLANTS. > 




mi Hii- | 



■t tniud 



And n 



D (h> 



e will be i 



ii, la pi ii inn a of racsns lo ends 

see a broil] tr or filter, strivirji: llir.iugli llie l".,i 
and mi?! that iUrrouad them, 5triviTi<r, it m.,y be 
lliri.iijli |...!-i-,T|.J lt_lin-,' : nn.i .-Li]..']. ■.! iniliil^ei.- 

iii.-l.j.i.! of cndeniniiig them lo Iho prison, or tht 
gallows, yon will pay to them, "by virtue of betloi 

,.ij;p nl.i.v.-Tuu on lh,: planr of being; not from 



plored, tl 



■olil 



old bar 



,s you u 



h doni 



li,lp ,™, 



II yon fulfill 

liolbo physical world Ibc mouo. 
b lbs belching torrent of fire and 
it true to tbe law of its being? Is 



i too, when froi 
issuing the flat 
o feel that when the 






fpos 



H|.rii>K In. in 
lanlliiOil, l.ad 

its of broken 



Sohcthisg ro Febl Gun 



ir of the Lcavi 

■ll.J. Iho, 



hi., uves were liriglu i-.iib li.ip. 
srailp played overnnd lit up 
is. We asked him to come in, 



MAIN & WINCHESTER, 

2&A.2SnjFA.C-rTJTt.EXl& 
IjM and Importers of /SaiV 

" HARNESS, V* 

fS addles, Bxldlos, 

WHIPS, COLLARS, 
SADDLE-WARE, & C . , 

Ho. 82 Battery street, 

Bet.osn Lode Wharf and Sacramento street, 
SAN FRAlfO/SCO. 



... ...;.-i.'i, 

eVUL-i;-, „„.| 



l.'iJI'.ll STAU1-. 



.itSE^ES, ^TAIIS 



LAWRENCE & HOUSEWORTH, 

OFTICI^^TS 
No. m Clay Street, 



GOLD, SILVEE, AND STEEL 
Speotaoles, 

With lha bn>t oualit, of Glutei, and the coltlwbraled 
IRAZILIAN PEB BLES. 



I502STE DUST, 

FOR FARMERS. 

Lots to Suit, 
FIPTBBS DOLLARS PER TVS, 

SUGAR REFINERY, 

Conur :f /',-,-. „„.; /[„ rr i, on , IWIt g^ n f,a n r:Uto 
Tab "let. wm to ta .l p», .;, DO IO ^ 
oreaarill.o.. riaBlMd., .oa !,„„,„ ^bbiII.. 



Seed TVarelio-use ! 

(ESTABLISHBD IK 1F50,) 
S . W . MOORE, 

Ho. 110 California it, between Montgomery fcEansome. 

KITCHEH-6AHDEN, FiELD, 3JL0WER, 
FRUIT AND TREE SEEDS 

IN CALIFORNIA, ETCLnDINO 
,000 lbs. Fore Alfalfa or Chili Clover Seed, 

ACINTOS, TULIPS, LILIES, ASD OTOEK 
BDLBODS ROOTS. 

hti cxten*Lro tacllitlc for pnxairiaijbl.iee-ij Iroanbobcl 

idl-r, by m,l! »L-o pnimjillT ■ilooilcj ta. A llbertl Mi 



CHUFAS 

OR 

jE3 a J? -t la. - A. 1 j.-y\ oncls: 

SOPnaadioTCUUFAS or EARTH-ALMONDS, for.olo li; 

S. W. MOORE, 

Ml Seed Wuebottte, 110 California Rreot 



F R U 



QENER/AL COMMISSION MEBCHANT3, 

Oppo-lte WulLbBton Market. BAH FltANCiacO. 



New York Seed Warehouse, 



C. L. KELLOGG & CO. 

Garden, Fiuwer,- Fruit and Tree Seeds 

I i tvi: rijii sti.i;. up i.vrt: iMi'i.,r;TATios, . i.,, c 




TO THE AGRICULTURAL PUBLIC: 

TOE SUBSCRIBER DESIRES TO EXPRESS TO HIS FRIENDS AND PATRONS, BIS WARJl 
and nurcurrcd thanki far their kind and muoh-noedod support duriae tbo past joar, whleh bu far oicoeded his 
aaculno oxpociuttous, and which he hopa] to retain hi porauluc euuh a course as may bo satisfactory to his 



Patront and honorable to himself. 

no desires therefore to coll their attention i 
offer for sale for 1800; 



list of soma of tbo lending article!) which 



THRESHERS: 

PITTS' GENUINE BUFFALO THHASHEE, 8 and 10 borua-powcr, with an nltochracnt fo 

measuring and regL-le ring the nambcrcf busha!: thrashed, and baceins the grain. 
G. BI. Russell's Olnsslllon, Olilo, 1 lirn-litr, 8 and 10 horse-power. 
Hall's Celebrated Canton, Olilo, do S and 10 do 

Tbe Albany, IVeir ¥ork, do 1 and 2 do 

The above Macliiaes were Made Expressly to Order fur tlie California Market. 

Alio, have on hand, eilra Casting*, Drape™, EloTatora, Crlindar Tooth, ic-, Ac., or all the aboro nuehlnes. 

THE CALIFORNIA COMBINED REAPER AND MOWER! 

To which, was awarded the FIRST PREMIUM over iho Nnw York Reaper, on trial as a. Combined 
japtrandMuwor, ottho Alameda Couoij Agriculloral Fair, hold in Juno last. Also, tbo same award was made 
tbo State Fair, held at Saeiamaato, in September last j and at Iho Santa Clara Countj Fair, held In San Jose, In 

Toot otteotioa ia also called to n notice given it, below, by numerous members of tho State 

PECK'S HEADER AND HARVESTER ! 

, which wns also awarded the FIRST PltElUDM nt tho Statu Fair, and nt Iho Santa Clara County 
With tho experience or tho past season, this machine Is so implored as to bo, without question, 

a?li e. Very IB est Harvester iix Use. 

SICKLE SECTIONS. 

SICKLE SECTIONS for SieCORMICK'S, HUSSBY'S, BURRILLS, SEYMOUR A MORGAN'S, 
PALMER 4 WILLIAMS', and MANNY'S (with Wood's Improvement) REAPERS. Also— 

EXTEA CASTINGS AND BKASS BOXES FOK THE ABOVE MACHINES. 



H O 3R. S E3 HAKES 

WHITE'S PATENT STEEL-TOOTHED BUGGY HOBSE HAKE ; 
WILCOX'S REVOLVING HAY HAKES, S, 10 and 12 feet 



TOBACCO. 
HAVANA, pure; 

I IM i IliiMSH, ' 



' na 'tr 



Baltuiiore-Made Agiicaltural Implements, 
VERSUS EASTERN. 



By the Maryland Stale Agricultural Society, 

FociiTEEi pnEMnrais. 

By the Tirgbfa and North Carolina Agricultural 



XBirty-Nine PJral Prcmlunig 

In favor of Sinclair & Go's Wares, 

n- i .-..,. [.I M....,., m,:.i;i... -■,:.:..,; i "... -i; L', ,,.".','.'} 



Uontpfnwm, _hj :.... ■ ,:,_..-!'ii, „,„i. iurii-.ilill», 

ty Thr Ajrlculrun.1 Iri]pl..*ni.-nt.t «n',I M„ 



CHOICE GROCERIES. 



DIACKEREIL, Tongaca ana Sounds, 

CHOICE 8 UTTER, &>., In Slut, 



Jellies, Jams, 

PRESERVES, FBE3IT FRUITS, 
UNO LIS U SAUCES, lo. 

a> A ' *" Ed,T T'. 



Comet Tean, Old Gov' in" t Java 
CODta Rfca, ana Rla CoUce, 

For Hla at 

A. L. EDWARDS A CO .'8, 



■ Flour; requiring but tnro-b 



BOYEB'S FARM MILLS, for Feetl, Cora Meal . 
power. Tho cheapest fnrm mill in ubo. 

PREMIUM FANNING MILLS, of our own make and tho boat imported. 

INGERSOLL'S PATENT HAY PRESSES. 

GRANT'S GRAPE-VINE GRAIN CRADLES. ' 

KIMBALL'S PATENT SCYTHES and SNATHS, notched bools; tbo Tory beat pat- 

HAY FORKS, BARLEY FORKS, both stool and wood. 

WILCOX'S THREE-BOWED HAND RAKES. 

HOVEY'S HAY CUTTERS, nil sites. 

RUBBER BELTING, aU widths. 

MONKEY WRENCHES. 

GARDEN HOES and RAKES.' 

SKELETON CLOD-CRUSHER OR FIELD ROLLER (hon 

GRrNDSTONES, oil u'zob. 

PATENT ATMOSPHERIC CHURNS; tho beat oburn in 

CHEESE PRESSES, aolf-noting (bomo manufacture). 

LACE LEATHER; LUBRICATING MACHINE OIL. 

LILLIE'S CHILLED IRON SAFES. 

EXTRA POWERS, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 Horao. 

EXTRA TRUCKS and EXTRA LEVERS. 

BST REPAIRING DONE ON SHORT NOTICE. 

J. S. HARBISON'S PATENT BEE-HIVES, wh 

at Die State Fair, and which is the Tory heat hec-hWe in use, e 
wishing tu mannfaeturo those Hives eon purchase tho Right of us. 



lufaoturo). 
) (home innn ufue tore). 



THOS. OGG SHAW, 

83 SACRAMENTO STREET, 
San. Fronolsoo, 



■.„i;.ii,ii„i: 



Wi,tho nndonlKOod, rnombers of tbo Stato Aeilrultural Soelotj of California, hare soon and oiamlnoa" Iho 
iprored CALIFORNIA CO.IIBIKEfi UEAl'Ell AKD MOWEB. raanufwtuied by THOMAS Oiiu sJJAW, 

that bas o«r come undor.mr ab-erraiioo, of tbo kiadi and wo cboorfully rooommond lo 

II coalalns many decided aud salnablo iaiproinmaou. 
y lath, 1800. 



John O. Downey, 


0. L llulcb.ior.on, 


0. C. Wheeler, 










CoL Warroa, 






eoltaial Society. EJii^rCslllornlaFanntl. 




Win. Ruins Langla; 


A. Lainolt, 






IT. M. ilca.ton, 




Elam Carringtoo, 


Ed. Davis, 






I. P. Molohior, 






Jan. Hawerth, 






Jos. Harris, 




Charles D. Cooler, 


J. Forinaa, 






P. A. MoRao, 






W. II. Parks, 






J. B. Vallla 






J. Morrill, 






Win. Babe, 




W. W. Light, 


Jacob L. Lewis, 




Fred Woodward, 


Jos. KloponiUnn, 






D. R. Crooker, 




John A. Butt, 


0. 0. Joans, 





84 



"the C.A.L I F O BITIA FARMER. 



% ©Elifeitin farmrr. 



AN FRANCISCO: 



0UESELV3S-A SPECIAL NOTICE. 

Tn inriMsigncil, lhe or^Lnil ,md pi--.--.-iif lMil-r 
„„l |T. N -ri- t.-r .-r iIh-1-m.iv.i-.-.m Iahvix. Ms called 



id seldom li; his iniUallot 



injustice may 
Original Font 

Tho Grain Market— Shipmont of Grain. 

Tn very best and most bnpeful feature of uui 
grain market, at the present Uine, to which w< 
would call attention, is tho morcment of wheal 
out of the Slate, to foreign markets. Let everj 
well-wisher to our Stale aid it nil they can, one 
let wbeat-groirrrs noil wheat-holders be sura tt 



givei 



i "god-si 



Could we send abroad, for t 






II; iu 



t subject is the 
asure that we 
lie J and urged 



the Stale; v 
largo— for w 
c brightest I 
it of wbuat i 
hare all along most en 
our farmers to giro faced 
months. It is mach bette 
wheat — if he Is a grower of 



make him the gainer. We mean this as for a gen- 
eral thing j oot far a single ease. 

Within a few days past, two (hips [the Denmark 
nod the ftinuoslon) bate left for Melbourne, taking 
tome 25,000 sacks of wheat and about ifiai) 
quarter-so eke of flour. 

One ship (the Lookout) tailed for New York, 
socks of wheat; and the Sierra 



Net 



r loa 



will 1 



quantity of wheat. Another ship will immcc 
bo pot up, and in this we hope large- c^uaaiiti 
go forward. It will be so, if mhmeos w 



l-'-V- 



j°j,i 



t if thoy do not, for t 
it of the State, and you 



cad of m 
lioted hi 



ow, that it may 

» u)i|j--.L-iuim 
poiotedlij^ijjjjjjjjji 
We bavo no interest io eorro but a general oi 
we go for Ihe "gteslaX good to thi grioiut pontile 
flintier," and that or course means [he Forme 

elimination of the suhject; oar advice li giy 
sincerity; our counsel offered without fee. Ii 
cost nothing to those who heed it; but those 
do not heed it, we, Yankee-like, "guess" will 
they had taken it, before the year is ont. 



Agrlaola nnd the Alta Cnllforola. 
Wr, publish the following Letter from our highly 
slecmcd and long-Valued correspondent "Agri- 
Ola." It will be seen it is addressed to the Editors 
f the Alio, and wo presume, was refused puliat- 
ion ns wo find n portioo of tho same letter nscd 
y them, io an article hooded "Right of property 



ich interested in the writings of "Agricoln," to 
tec earnestly iule tho subject. We feel it also 
ilgb duty ire owo to "Agricoln" himself, to be 
idy to dcleod the posilioo he assumes; ihe 
Al to the nem & plant of "Agricola." 
And, however able he may be to defend himself, 
era ore facts we feel bound to slate, and a posl- 
io wo feel bound to assume, In his defense — 
i only foe him, but for alt .wrilers so «*K- 
airn nnd so honorably identified with the 
tcrcst of Ihe Agricultural world, as is this same 



We b 



t the let- 



grlcola, 



tn Coliforoiu, follows in reply; after which 
ill simply claim the Boor to offer to the 
and the Jury (the renders of the Cilivohsia 



nve como to Court without a single witu 
port tboir case, and only prepared to lei 
hey have been most terribly non-iuittd 
:ry evidence .they supposed were oo th 

ran Faiuier: Allow me to submit to yi 
the followiog comraunicallnn scot by mc 
tho Daily Alio California; 

"For the BaDj- Aid Chloral 
"ASOTfTEH RICHARD IN TOE FIELD. 



nf 1 




oiiiie, nod 


in some or our 





\° 




si-ii-min 

do;, if 1 ( 


of 'Agricoln.' Iu my 




tnth 


Sunt Al 




nn : 


I feel proud io saying have taken the 


hrsi 




















dhy 








t godfathers and 




"r 


tmy 


r., ■;■ ;-: 


njoioedu-ilhlhuf 


, ,.;. 



l-,iu hundred :irticU': : , runny of which 
informed and truly believe, have bee 
lb approbation in Ihe older Slates, 
cj,i»r modesty ougbl lo dictate to yoo 



her reason which I ha 

LL[FOJLVIjF«RM6llfori 

ir of that paper, from 



he Cultnrist, it 
on in your pap- 

.- praisint; you 



;t of tho Late Rains Upon tho Crops. 
y favorable season which has prevailed, 
first springing up of the grain, bos 



a large a 


nount of grain, 




o lodge; and w 




immediately fu 




n swept down. 



Wu. TuouflOK, Esq., tho "Agricoln" of Agricul- 
tural Essays aodSiibjccIs AgricullurnI, commenced 
Writing for this Jonrnul In the year 1854, and has 
coolributed, rcgulorly, for the Psnam, from 'that 
time to Ihe present, with but few intervals; por- 
tions of the litno In every number of the Fam™. 
And, we shall bo supported in our statement by tho 
facts, when we say that "Agricoln" baa sent forth 
more substantial, seientlBc, and readable, Essay! 
other Agricultural corrcs- 



nd Letters tl 

ji.ni'.k'Mi fur any journal oi 






) say, ; 



t, and wo do 
/ thru ether 



, unmed, not excepting tho very 
cmen who oro named by tho Attn os dis- 
ushod agricultural writers, several of whom 
written largely for tho CatironsiA FAnsiEH, 



iv.itin, 






"Agrico: 






published with pleosurnblo inle: 

tbRt wo may do full justice I 

sustain bis claim to Ihnt nom 

slate tbnt or the eight gentlt 

hovt all Utn iiibicriUn of th: FjLttUElt, and renders 

of "Agricola's" valuable writings; and of the 

eight gcnilemen named, four have been subscribers 

and we believe every one or tho gentlemen numed 
will readily accord to "Agricoln" not only his 
title (o tbnt name, but will most readily and with 

scientific and practical agricultural writers nf tho 

"Agricola" bos obtained tho First Prize for trcry 
Enay he has presented to tho Slate Agricultural 
Society of California, nnd these EssayB have been 
more or less copied in tho Atlantic States and in 
Europe. Over the sumu and other sigonturcs, the 
same writer won deserved honor nnd many prizes 
both In Scotland (his native country) and In En- 
gland ; and tri Anoio that "Agricola" bos mnny 



Stale, although 


he Alia editorial say 






of Ibis State ko 


w, a week ago, tbn 


SOS was in the b 


abit of writiog over 


of 'Agricola.' 


Ye confess that ie«. 


rat Editor of th 


Alta, were entirely 


tJ 1 Now, ir Ih 


Agricultural Edilo 


means to say th 


t few or tho Agricul 


of onr Stato fen 


w aha "Agricoln" i 


him personally; 


or, that the Agricu 



if Alta did u 
icso; but to 



inlly- 



io Agrici 



tural readers of the State die 
an "Agricola',' whose writings had won distin- 
guished favor! that tinotio, what tho Alta may 
say iu the (outran- notwithstanding; nnd if tho 
Editor nf tho Alta (the Agricultural Editor 
means to say, nn did not know such a writer 



.•;!... 






n Agrlci 



tural (I) E 
:ulluralm 



frleods In 


ail parts of Ihe Stole will keep us 


p a record 


of nil such 


thing*, and 


vertthing 


Now Churna and Batter-Palls. 


Vn arc glad 
pile of tho 


itastrous 1 


iuls which 


ea prosper 




riles. Lik 


tho Phcni 


from the 


f k Co, wh 


b and Pall 


Factory of J 
tly destroy 


essrs. Met- 
d by fire 



instead of Blackening work b 



ic dairymen of our Slate w 
Ur. 11'oiMo™, rrho is tl 



els or their 
ruer of CI i 



Tuc Jtr.ni c „, pB.gas._lVe received 1 
ber of i hi!1 well-gotten-np periodical, 
credit to oorynongStaU', and li nil] 
critical ^mlcoiieu, and he found no. 
Of the old Journals of other Slates. 



U ptvoc or uxnvy ,1 
it new, until it le t 
ii> ewn. Now, wi 



Tcoupsok (Aonicc 
cultural Editorial 



fclUo'^hl'i 



it, the writings or "Agricola 
I remembered; bis teaching 
e; while bis writings are li 
s' leit-books, for rcferencn ot 



nom^auare (eight gentlemen), 
I to enable him "to have the 
a of his ilpnotari," jot with 

the Editor says: "Wo say this 
d feelings towards Mb. Tnom>- 
o and complete justification of 

ah." 

ablish; its length enn be seen; 

the Agricultural Editor of the 



: fori 



iiiii..!,ii ,i 
.ady fomi 



fc t .,„i;,i,„t ii,,, 
at ucL Wo ma 



ill. Jlyen/andJ**!* 




jonronl io 


our State 


will adopt t 


<• |,ecil 


nr ens- 


toms of t 




this respec 


. Asio 


"Agrl- 


colas" needing apmtnce as nn 


idllor, w 








cb the Agrie 






□me lesson 


s tbnt wouh 






Ayriodtar 


si Editor, 


t least. An 


if weh 


nd time 






soino ngricn 


tural ma 


i-rj ■■ 












neighbor 


but wo 1 


avotho subj 


ct now 


fuf our 




respond— v. 


liieh wo 




AIL. be r> 


lido. 


"Agrioullnn 


I Editor 


of the 



ably rrlaL and kl Ibe Tw„ 4^; i' *? "-""'" : 
usrr.1 between thcB«W« V'" " " , '" " '"" ','"" 
,,.[,,..,. Mr. T„ La, „ ^^JL^r^. 

TS^^TSSS^SSSi in*," 1 " bitb ha " 

»_. If ilr. lh™ P ™h.J a ll,e c ' ; ,: ; !ri: " 
,= r p.pe, effle, _ M1 editor, Le <,„ J tZZZ ha^ 

, mliialbowNjiip r.l„. ,,,..,. ii,,. M . r ■">■■■■ ,"'" 
■■■-.I , ■ - i.i ..:,.;.. ...i ,-1,.,'. ., , ,'■'■ - 1 ' 1 " I"'-' 
ll el ncriu U .t™ir (1 L,l "gibing in 

I .Btkollonl reoden.-'-fAlK Hot 3. "'^ 0f oar 



Shipping) Ooodn Back to ITow Tork. 

Wn oolleo with pleosure the sending goods back 
oMow Urk; and we wish everybody would 
Ice It loo; nnd we ask them to notice, la nad.il 
uTowT^roduetio " '"'""^'•V ! " lho DI P orla " 

On tho ship Lookout, for Now York, ji 

230 bales Hops; 
12 cases Saws; 

iBUoV ""h " alM ' 0l5 ° f ' UndriM ' 1Tbich wou 'il 
Hop-growers shoold remember that Caliibi 
'.!•' ""til Lornmaod room lhan double the prko of 
mpMled hops. Those who have planled h„,,- 
ards may | 0ul[ hop( u) ru|| F[0[nDruWre] 
In addition to ih , bi p mcol „ f ^ ntm 
■■'■■""■■<■ '■■ the large quantity of 

bslesof Wool; 
Hides; 



12, 



quantities 



r-skins 



:bc, with other ortleles, swell tl le Til ,' UD 
ts in the first-named three TeunU in 
'0,000. Thlsi.ehceringnows- for w 
k la lhe rB P ld '7 diminishing am, "" °° 
'"ted, which will o 






shall all i 
it Slot, 



tho story of our prosperity. 



of gold 

Lot the real 
rurcs; they tell 



Tho Tulo-Iianda nuar Stookton. 
DiJiilXO outstay in Stockton nnd its vicinily, wo 
no duo consideration to the subject of "Inla- 
nds," as we believe they will yet form on im- 
lrlnot feature In lift agriculture of California, 
be "lule-lands" of California, nl though now of 
imparaticcly little value, by reason of the po- 



of the 1 



inp then 



>ng (i„). 



d lhe great 



■cec-mo ranch inloreMcd lu ihl, 
sk_ those Interested to cooperate 
h us facts, nnd we will labor 
cheerfully to do what good wo cnn. In onr ne« 
ihall have something considorabli 

?rates badly nnd prevents their occ 
d hinders those im 



I oelnolly worth S100 an nt:ro 
wiihln live or six years, foe within that lime their 
iluo will bo known, because their capabilities will 
ivc been tested, and il will have been found that 
co, tobacco, sugar-cane, and many root-crops, 
asides new kinds of grasses, will ho grown with 
rry great success. 

Wo met several parties who oro largely intcr- 
Icd in tuli'-lmi'b!, and gmliorcd much valuable 



tli.-ii 



ll.TiL 



ll,!!,!.- 



of 



rmtl. 



the sci tier upon the tulo-land, n 



rforc 



,. Tho si 
nabled tc 






-,:// ,ur. 



,nd .! 



with which they cnn 
mild fences nnd buildings, nod till Iba ground 
intil lhe crops come In tho firit ymr. They hnvo 
omething to live nn, while the settler on tho UTfi- 
ands has no incouiir, and ail outgo for a long time 
.icept food for stock. They hnvo to purchase 
ostly tools and implements fnr ditching and 
[raining. Also, tho enst Of a plnco to live in Tor 
vorkmon; tbon tho cost of prepntiog tho soil for 
,ne, two, or three years before a return harvest 
ewnrds the persevering redeemer of our tuI6- 



leded o 



.t by oi 



Legisl 



dcr obllgntiooB to G. B. Douglas 

lunblo and inlere=ling informati 

this subject. The "Middle River Ranch," 

inn cluim, is occupied nnd now 

by Mr. Douglas in company wil 

Tbc claim covers from thrco t 

one of the largest 



■!■■] I 1" 



ved. On this 



in- 


iles diked ic 


by hond, and 


fer 


ceding cattle 


Mr. Douglas i 


Who 


u the land is 


eclaimod by dik 



id grows luiurinnlly. Soma garden-spots have 
:en made upon this claim, on which pens, bcaos, 

linns, c;ll)b.iges ami r.ulishu thrive well. Al- 



to some extent. Experiments will bo mod 
cotton and tobacco this year. Mr. Douglo 
,iperimcnted with wheat, barley and onti 
which now prarois.0 well ; ho has also planted cor 
ud various seeds oT fruit and ornamental trefi 
iih iiroini.iing success. The final fcsults of lb 

(.':l[it-iitl i.'i.tlllOr, of all OIL! ■.-'ri-iii--t:'lii-.- 1]:l: : 1,0- 

>id, as having nscd the new tulc-plow, has diked 
i about one mil,; with the im.diine, and has al 
inclosed by hand-work nbont ten acres. Tho i 
cd land is not yet planted, and this work 
stopped for Ihe present, as Cap lain Coo nor has c 
1 in the grunt work of opening tho new ro 
'oshoo from Stockton via lho Big-Trees, 
of great momcot to Stockloulans, nnd w 



Ofgrc 



otht 



ompll 



pUbl: 



If any ; 

i thn man, for he has uncomi 

ndiibitablu energy. Onplni 



olcfi 



ii, Cupini- 



:-;fnll\- .1 



John Fettle, has 

upon it. The lulfi 
deemed by dikciu 
gross for stock, 

the tu!6 dies ■ 



ng nnd draining, produce; 
nd it remains the year round just 
the land changes by drainin 
tt apd the now grasses np 
great cupnclly for ricli feed for 



Colonel kinier has a claim of about three 
ed acres; a porlion of this Is only overll 
what Is colled a freshet. A part of this - 
low lulu; this is being redeemed and wcl 
oved. Colooel K. ic planting a large field or 
e true Preach Sngnr-Rcct, which must do well, 
ii yield largely, Colonel K. is also c-cporltucnl- 

Mr. Patrick, one of the editors of the Sou Joa- 



nd mnny of - 
oos of their - 
Mr. Uric ha; 



hud tulc-lund under cultivation sii 
■i co. en years, nod li-ts now no orchard nod gai 
en io a high stato of cultivation, from redecme3 

The Rough and lleody Roncb, which Is about 
breo miles below Slockloi 
tembercd by 



oled in the 



' from Stockton 



Thi 



little garden-hanks nro washed by 
water as the steamer pastes by. From this profit- 
able garden tho proprietor scuds annuall.- tboJbcBl 
early tomatoes that are carried to lho S a Fran- 
Cisco market, and besides (Ai vegetable or rather 
/mil, /or ii it a fruit, largo qunntitics nf early veg. 



ing like S3O0O Is rccolred n 
cultlrn 



ablos are raised 
informed that 
this garden nn 

In this connection [the rcdomplii 
Hon or tnle-lands] wo desire to soy, having wit- 
nessed tho operation of the grant ditcher or tutc- 
plow, wo hnvo thb objection to its working, nnd 
it will bo found to result badly. It docs not lay 
lho sod book uifanJ enough, but merely heaves it 
over and on the very edge of tho dileh, where It 
soon falls or washes back into lho ditch mri|„ 
whereas it should be so planned ns to Ihraa it ' 
"Inland six or twelve inches, thus givlug r™ 
rest, aad then it would not crumble or wash back 
into the alleh. If this can be done, wo say let It 
be done, and whoa alU donl> lbo h J 






1,.,1.1-v. 



tho 



o Boy o n 



rould a 






million 



of oi 



vast tracts of this land 


ndjocent to 


d make tbnt 


city and 


her eititens 


closing, eipre 


s onr thanks to all 


n onr efforts t 


gnthor 


information 


It to Stockton, 


nnd for 


many cour- 


ns of approva 


nf onr 


journnl, nad 



n wilb it 






Pormora Ought Hoc to Speculato 
We hold to tho maxim that those 
aia and other products of tbc soil should never 
come ipaulatort in those products. If ibo cnl- 
,-ntor oi the soil will tnko tho current ralc3 of 
o principal crops ho has grown for the past seven 
eight years in Califoroia, he will find that the 






i the 



> go V 



told from St 75 lo 
undred pounds; had the producers 
ime, and acnuillcd themselves of ob- 
ligations, and have improved their farms, planled 
orohords, purchased slock, added to tbc comforts 



of lb 



tide os well n: 
wife who has 



utsidc, 



nriched 
ord da- 



the planting n 


nd harvest scasoo, and then in. 


ed nny balance 


carefully at fair interest, hmr 


h belter off w 


uld have beco thoso fnrnien 


, who either h 


ivc their crops stored, or are 


owing storage 


and interest. Wo know many 


refused to sell 


li months since BtSl 70, SIM, 


oven $2 00 a 


hundred, that cannot now re- 



If tho grain-growe 
reckon up nil the 
grain, the leakage, 
rut of tire, aud all 



Iter for them than Si 80 n 
r would sit down aud carcf 
loss nnd waste by /taping nil 






I, the 



Oo hold nt SI 00. Ac 
the best offer was SI 821 ; ho held at 
present week lhe best, hid was SI 7- 
held 2i cents above the market, nnd 
be nl all surprised if this very own, 
limillv get more than SI HO tho hue 
Now what is tho real loss io soul 



tforl 



tight m 






and for 



mid h 






inr loss of 51O00 at least, and thi 
ed case. There are hondreds if 
d it arises from the gri 
a desire to hold on, or 
itor in his crop. Wo i 

onr farmers, and 



,-lor tl.- 



takool 



hey will ,. 



Tho City ol Stockton oudltHBuslneBa Aspect 
Nav!?;,: carirfullv ol'/erv-il lite tut-iiii.-.-^ iLp[ ; tJi- 
nnco of this cily, Sacramento, nnd Stockton, within 
the past three weeks-hnving visited Sscromeolo 
twice, Stockton once, and spcnl one-third of tie 
time in this city,— w-o confess thnt wo were rand 
surprised at tho very great activity we found in al! , 
departments of trndo in Stockton — a city lost 
people nre so apt to call a dull place. Fromibl 
omarksofStocktoi 



uiir.- flies, 



of nil. By t 






io fa 









Its 



forwarding merchants (for a. largo hi 
In this branch in Stockton, the forwarding g«^ I 
to tho interior), among lho grocers, dry gorf" 
dealers, clothes, boot and shoo dealers, furoilW J 
dealers, stove dealers, ctc^ even the apeUM** 1 | 

ncss); nnd when wo went among the mcchsiiiH I 

not an instance did wo find thnt they were nol fill I 
of work. Tbc blacksmiths and wngou-ruafcer(,f»" 

which Slocklon is celebrated, were nil busy; M I 

nlso, tho teamsters, although tho roads ore ^ I 

Teams were loading up ir, nil ports of the city," 1 | 
the quantity of goods wni 
incredible. At nil the farmers' tr^^BH 

where haying tools wore found, nnd where bottfi | 
liheeso and eggs were to bo exchanged Cm 1 



leased t, 
tally sur 



fragrant 
enough t 



such 



ttunV 





irron 


mings 


o f ,Ui-ff" 


nd 


snlirl 




sprsii * 


sne 


srgot 
and 


and b 


aootry,^ 

.mliful"*" 






ng na in *■' 



ro not luooniig uu.R . 



-. umtily 
Jfllint -' 



ilcusc* *' 

A. B. Sonriiwuiiiu.— We Invito public BllenlW 
the ndvertisemenl of this house, for theirs**" I 
eral stock of goods, and particularly Si' lb "' I 
irgo lovoico of Reapers nod Mowers now stllM | 
f Ihom. Mr. Southworth has been CfptT \ 
lany years as importer of agricultural Io 
touts, and his house has olwnys given salL . 
on to the formers of California, he having »«" 
lore of the arliele „[' JV-ir- itmn any hou" ™ 
lis const. Their sniej of ltta,,ers Iiavo »1*K 
stock this year is one o' "™ 



best. 



STATE BBHMAHY. 
W« bid r"°" decidedly "inn weather throi 



eek spent ia this city anil its B 
dens, its form!, Its work-shops, 
tocklon is otio of Iho most so 



,.-.:.' liii 



State 



Mire. 



mthg . 



■arty [u 



other 



lore county, is now supplied with 
ltainl ,p B t op during IhowioUr. ' 

mode or puftingiip ice is, (bit, to p 

inco" trr^n*insl« vc™ tote Tl 
is kind to supply tho Valley daring 



a found, it 
in tint co i 



h April, . 



mil I .-.ill show you o. pros- 
trill apply lo a city, town, oi 
[lotto tho oily of Stockton 



i, nod nllhongh by reason of tl 
bad roads it is the dull season, yet thero Is an ni 
ipcritj that sport. 1 
well for Stockton. The captioned increase 
"pretty cottages" and home gardens tell ti 
Stockton 1b very prosperous, ho cilizoi 
mora of their places Of business, aad their 
prsltj homos. We hare collected a mass of facte 
" "i no "ball speak hcrenftcr. Tho Lunotlc 
the Female Institute, Weber's Garden, the 
Watcr-vrorks, etc., and many private pitdonj, will 
ibored. We noticed at the various agri- 
lundrtds <fi f<mun buying their 



San Joaquin District Agricultural Society. 

cts relative to this new S"rioly. Thero 
ln «>ng llie friends of agrieulturo in this 
d they arc determined to make an eibi- 
bitlon equal to any ia tho Slate 
Liberal plans are in progress. A now hull, nr 

mlc-ground prepared, and every effort rondo to 
iture complete success. Wo learn thru Captain 
Jtba, With bis accustomed liberality, tins offered 
irtj or Hrtj acres oflond for grounds. Sir. Weber 
as also uffered sisty acres for a cemetery. Such 
bsralily must he duly appreciated. The 1'rcsl- 
cut of tho Society, Dr. E. S. Holdcn, nDT the 
Fayor of tho city, is constantly and arduously en- 
aged in having the list nf premiums issued, and 
io rules and regulations of tho Society. It is to 
c hoped thai the cilitcns throughout tbo district 
■ill cooperate earnestly; il is Hi eir interest to do sn. 



r.i:l[ I IT:- Mild U 

preparation ft 
haying part it 






Grain in tho Baa Joaquin District. 

The amount of Wheat in store in Stockton a 
;inity at the present timo trill reach nearly 
ito lico thoviand mm, and yet with this iramen 



the market for i' 
stndy this quest 



i tho grain-grower wt 
should, and act as 1 



perry A Co., of the City Mills, are Urg< 
ud fnrn'uh tbo Stockloninns and every- 
I. S perry i 



Co., K 



J for 



feet by GO, will 






..r..h..u 



undation. ThefFm 
have flOOO barrels 
and r.00 hundred tuns wbcat in their watch 
Flour is soiling at So 50. Wo noticed mauy 
of wheat burst npen by reason of the coo 
cloth used. When will farmers Icara that 
drilling tucks are the cheapestV 



et bo rcaluod. The Mono Lake dig- 



„,lly :.!]..„ 



>n alonday lilt, 

io people had a Governor on wham Ihoy cot 
d by hi? vetoes, aad "par kcting" at tho close 
:inu, many villainous schemes were thwart 



riatiau, 



a half ol 



;ceas of tbo Vermont Reaper. 

tical farmers, who have tricj the fleiipt 



a scythe, and :ulju:.t.- itself 
.id in its praise. I hereby 



With respect, truly yours, 
[Signed:] A. 0. Bnows. 

Attest: Jab. DiSEtsos. 



ning Iho chaparral, and It 
ontaL Tho huge trunkal 
ro thoy fcR. Oar people 



r thro 



rally left to decay 
en sadly eilrava- 
i sure that Iho day 



THE FARMERS APPROVE THEM! 

ESTERLY'S PATENT COMBINED 
6ELF-EAKIHQ BEAPER AND MOWER, 

IMPROVED FOR 1880, 

AND FOR SALE IN STOCKTON. 

nnF. PRor-niKTQR TSKE3 pleasure 1H OFKER- 

:■ ■ ■ '- : '. " - i ■ ' r ' , V/ "i : . '. : . : ■■ I ■' . ■ ;. ' i_i f i- 1 v n ^li ro^ls licil.^. ^J^l I 

]. f. o b»Ty .Irsutbt. 

1 ""I'j . ■ i il ■ 1 1 1 i .(■■ ( hi. Ins. (-. u -..'pirtto Mill — odd 

.1 these Objections are Obviated in ray Muthine. 

',' [,','.'''-'.' i '.!') 'iM-lng only • Self Raker, It e»o tw fl!-.no-il. I" 
. r. r II ... ■. I ;■... r t i-.'i i :-■-.■ I ■.■:■--'■ r' .■ .--:lf [Liking Aiueh- 
PRICES Will BE LOW, TO SUIT THE TIMES. 
Fi'rtilaby" 10 " I."HV STBETKt,, 



quantity of h 


aywiUbeeuL i 


I Iho present 


.iu>. 


Hey 












lying in am: 




Bins, Tho Filaree 






oil nutritious ol 




ahn 




cve.j..l,..r,; 




u, Kindt, an 


the 


























■nkiag ad rootage 






















quantity ml 


be. mod than heretofore. 


of th 




Is Eauts 


mi county, say* 


the Herald 


2 lib 


nlL, from ev 




most flat ten 






of tlie erops 


Tho ua usual t 


nnllty of™ 


a la 


thai 


fallen this 


pring, has had 


i and the ind 


rablo 


n^™ 




.1 bo an unusually heavy yield 








































bould be of 




















MHiiumi 


geld, the wo 




egraleefco- 




leber. 


t A beautiful piece of virgin 


gold, wcighlc 








Colombia : 


imn 


Ills 


■boot two 








side at the 


Bldcit part— tho 


ntllno being 


INHHHi 






'at. Tbo 1 


rt 


;« is 


pnctaly 1! 


a tbo filigree wa 


: mode by th 


Jaw 


on in 










L° ,d 'aL a 










smooth sor/aeo; 


,i.i|.. .., ih 




torn- 



Silveh Plite , ro n P n e ii i uus. — E v c ry ngri cul lu rnl 
society and mechanical society ip onr State shonld 
give en eon rage meat to home-made goods, always, 
Mr. Vanderslice, silversmith, on Washington street, 
has made nnd i. [uaLiuf c/.bleM, taps, and other 
gnods Euilable, equal to any made in the old States, 
nn-i "f .-iipiriur ,lyl..-. lie [■..[Iv deserves Iho pat- 



A. B. SOUTHWORTH : 



AGRICULTURAL 

iiwir»x J .E:iw:EiKr r i7s, 

44 BATTEKY STREET, 

(Between CiUmrala and Pine), and 

BSOADWAY, HEAB DAVIS STHEET, 

(Opposite Slsvabou Lindinf), 

s-a-jnt ^n a. isr oi e oo. 



10 Cane's Tliraji Iters, 



Straw Slacberg and Extrati, 

Fur Thrashers and Reapers ; all for sale at tho lo 



HARVEST— 1860. 

J. D. ARTHUR & SON. 

Tilt: VERT BEST ASSORTMENT OP 

Agricultural Implements 

IN THIS CITV. 
200 Of (lie Celebrated 

;r e ^ p e n s 

COMBINED MACHINES, 

by WARHt;H I rillLJI, ..f ^,..ii. t -li-.:t.l, OI,;,.., 
l-,yi ' iL ''p. co t<; ralie oil Iho fi.un is ad.ipted 10 tho 

l"»or™ln*e T.lth'eo!0. The Machine is lltht and 



BANKERS, ETC . 

MARK BRUMAGIM & CO., 



HAS FBANClnCO 

SlgHt 



OAL1P0BHU, 

Bills 



Ajncrlcan Exchange Bant, New York, 



>n, [norther with no,- p-r nr,[ presnlnui. 
UAHJt BRUM,t<.:i.M * LO 



PIOCHJE & BAYERCJUE, 

AGENTS AND BANKERS, 

Montgomery Street, Corner op Jackson, 

SAN FRANCISCO. 

BKAWOH 

SCI!DOII,iajJT A OEOHATtD, 

HEW YORX. 

DRAFTa OH * i 



M'.n ;;t:iit,Aiil>, 






itent and pau 



e goods? 



□i Ill's. 



Tobbei's ILusti State Bee-Hive We coll at- 
tention lo tbo new hee-hlro from "Down East," 
called "ILS.Torrej'a llnino Stato l)ee-nive." Thii 
nan- hive is now inlrodoced into this Hi.it'.- bj S 
H. Case, Esq., ivho holds tho patent right Tor Call- 
city, 






i originally in the fori 
it hoi reeeired, nolle 1 



which Ii heaTllj 
erop. Soles of Ho 
Tho Sonera JV7«<i( 



Tnr. stoek lo T< 



ilj, snjs the Beaeoo, nc»n 
mdUieg than m , | B0 pnMBl Oreo. We 
in lo Bolblng att t j )|y Bja en nan~- 
animal" ipuiu Mu K0o j keeping. The 
indanl aad nnlritiooi; itoek-nun ha T e, 
tiro weeks, taken adrutairo of tho mild 

TLi 8**1:1' """^'W'b. 

=b , ■■ ■!.--lLr.;r I 4 o.o brand, and J. 



Bale!* "nfud 11 " Mn " nuL ° lcd Ln f ?' or of *Tr 

Hgdj In eorIn B m$ h «fi, ^a notaoDarj dS 

' £irj,"E "">;«" ^""lj-oederfi.1. Bas-nei 



righle. One of Ihcs. 



ml should be 



n IMi, 



engaged i 



■rated "Dr. Frai 



s Patent self- rcjrn In ling WlndwilL." has 
ed tho lame to Jlr. Wn. JlcKibbeo, 
io eecn by iho advertisement, tneso w 
now mannfnelored at Ko. 08 Pino street, 
oio in rrnot uf n good wlndpoi 



—Wo nro gtnd lo ae 
rnrd to tho Atlantic Elates 
.Is trill help tho mi 
dened with an cici 

t approved for shlpi 



R. S. TOKRETS MAINE STATE 

BEE-HIVE! 



a Famous Double- Act 



tern nump,at It 



tb.prrK. nH kolsalr™)y e. 







HAROLD FOURTH ! 

TIIIB I7EI.EBRATED HULL, IMPORTED 

by JOUM D. PiTT,.^-.N, I..,, ,!„.,( ,,. r 

1 --,11. r.1 It... !.,,,„ ,1 ,„.-. <,,.],,„,,... |. 

II. iii.l-.yt.inji^ il.- jui.^i Dub Id tlioBuio, 



J. >n;i B. PHIBBIE. 



L. HASKELL, & CO. 



HIDES, TALLO W, 



E. At'ZKIlMd 



i .I., i , . . i-iiocEton. 1 ' 

BRO., MtjIpoHiSmr [Jolj 



"W OOXj I 

Pnronuefl at the Highest Market Bates. 
aEoaait notrca * co. 



HIL L'S THRASHERS, 



I of thil 



ondh 



f inn best in ak*. 

Horse-Powers, Extra Casting for Thrpjliers, 

With a latge and full assortment nf 
ALL KTODS OF AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS, 

(,OW nn con be Par chn.nl In Ulln Cltjr, 

J. 3D. 

Corni 



SELF- REGULATING 

-WHSTX) POWEE. 



!i;.i - 1 : ■ . l i;ij.ii.i,Mi;<'i u'imi i'uiver in,,, 

>..-..t. (.,..!.. I ,r,.| |.r....-i [.,r 11,-j I.i.l f..„r v-.r.- i„ 111 
L-.r'0!uSi:HcMii-lrivir, t 't;ri-i Mill.,, Tanneries, Tum 
i.iL^b.i-. l. x ir^ular 5,i«,, ChurniDt- o.n-1 i'yu,|,m.r. :,.,,J 
It has taken 111.- ir,.,i^,u.- .,- .:i ii,. ■■■■I'i'i .' :.-■ 

M.i-b.ni,-,' f.iira <vlii»(,iei in(..,-l ur .-l, „n.i i- imi, t . r - 
Mill i.r.i.uo.ieH ,,.,,-ri„ |.i anyHiiiu: .if ll,..: kind J.-I 
iuv.-i,'.! The durjhllilT. ciui|-lieily aoil chctpneu 01 

v. ,:' , .11 i.ir-.Qilnn io tb.*o beautiful' Wind-mills It 

lj°«Tnijviy [he?,r«Vtlie wind KlinV'n'a'nind-lo'veV 

,--l.,.l, vl,., ■.. the ■in^e^aellrlolhnf.-rcoofthoniiid 

bul.h.iped(0! U bV'lUforce. mf "" '" e " >1 '"' "' 
Boi lu cnow-stso crceLLI.-iCB over all olhor wioe 

peraor L>, thai il n<-i only refnlalc, ll-elf. l.ul ,i ,:,n b. 

,ci I,. i„ -ul.iM il-ll l.. an? d,.,ir.:,l ,.,. t eJ, nnd that hi ( 

nroceu so ilmple that a child can niaanxa It. 
liming the rATBHr biodt far the States on tbi 

ki.-lli-. :-■: in. n,.v. | t n|. ...<.-! I:, lunii'l, rh,,,, „| ,,„.-,.. 
neci.rdlnjlulhoilio nod r-mer required. Co an 1» eights 
Tbo j.rku at lac ph'ip fir thoio aJapteiltoBf 



■HI I ■■!.> ;-:,-, 
■.■::• l'.-|, ,tl. II. 



ro prepared to Mnnnfaeluro and Repair all 
[cultural or other Machinery, near Steam- 



IIYDK & BROTHER 



D I C K E R S O N'S 

PATENT SELF-RECULATINC 
"TO" I KT U M I L Ij . 

ThU Milt look the First Promlum al Iho SUlo ArfH- 

■■..U..-1I l.ir, I. ; |.j in :--.i.-r.-il !J .:nl. J l-V.I I(i SM nlDlloJ 



O got 01 



'luds,andntalllitneai>11h 
mocblnery "ith s ' 



Oanoror ths Right fer~jnFran.-l . ■ .^,i, '■[,.. ■ 
Eonama, Napa, Centra Costa, aad Alameda Cei 

Trices of Mills, 12 foot wheel, - - - 55125 
, W , - - - - 150 

Willi genrluB to rtiu machinery, 200 



MR. & MRS. CQG-ILL'S 
& DANCING ACADEMY, 



TUESDAYS. 1VEDNES- 

tlldrenVand troto 7 f-2 talo w.x. hi 

a«Ti'ork™qusdriTle"Uo^ 

dren*. Glass EVERY SATURDAY, (rotnltaSr. 
Terms-82 00 pet month, In advance 
WiQ/HEES El-Em- FRIDAY ZVESOta.. 
Pbivate Luaosn at all hoars of th. da,. All iho 

KUta and fiubloniblu lUll-Oaaeei Lau^hl. Aba 
„ .no; ilanaas, h'tago Daocine, etc. 
« l». tbo fulioBlng qusdrlllu! Vlonnolse Ei 
frinco lui^rial and La 1'yra.nno. 
Ternu rauonabla. 



They also receive, an depoait, the imil 






•"?,.:■■,:,',; 



;ry«elllc,San Jpee.i-it, 
tledllTcrenlCounueiDf 

icra an their rtspectleo 

^ C 4"iiA\i:RcinE, 



WEBEE HOUSE, 



CALIFORNIA. 



t LEASED Tilt: ABOVE 
well-tnoHn-ilonse, and beg Icava to inform tho public 
.u they letend la make It Id cierj respect a 

FlRaT- CLASS HOTEL. 

Tbo home has been IhoiauchFy rceoTsted and newly far- 
jittrcsjes. Especial Cora will always be given to have tho 

SLEEPING ROOMS AND BEDS 

i Iho most perfect and healthy order. Tbo Tobln will bo 



PACIFIC TIN-WOEKS, 

Up. tt* CLAY STREET, 

S-A-KT FRANOISOO,, 

^3 . O. AtTSTI KT,, 
TIN AND SHEET-IRON WARE, 

Plats, Fancy and Japanned Ware, 



STOVES AHTJ STOVE FURMTOHE, } 
WAEE, TTHBED IBOH WAKE. COFFEE-MHJ.S, 
FRY-F Alia. BAXE-OVENS, ke., &c 



«=J ■**- : *^' * aer< m» mm. iw at j*_ 

BLANKETS. 

Any Description of Blankets which may 
be desired. 

Dealers m.y bo supplied by string reoson.Mo time for U, e 
S^Crr ^ iri2nr r,,,d ™' Uam, " WlUU0, ^ * l0 " 10 ^ 

ALL-WOOL BLANKETS, 



NK, PICK ,v CO., 80 sol 

DAVID P. TUIlNEtt, 
AfSol Ssa Fnuchco Woolen ["•ctory. 



86 



THE CALIFOBlSriA F A it M E B ■ 



J'aiiics' grjn.rtii.int. 

LIZZIE WILEY WJBEBH, M. D BOIT 



[W« Bod Ibo follow. ti E HL-ni ivuud 
lnr,wilbuul L1-. iiullior'.- -iijniilurf. 
aulbor well, u:i<1 li.jnl :lii- |".H-ii! " : 
ilic ir.« lellirii; Li- of litT l. t .iijriinl ■ 
lakeo lo Ibo ".-[.iril world," and ll i' 
than due Hint in reput'li-hiiii.' ill 
jhould giio her mime. J 

Unopened Bui or Lift, ob. can il bo 

Ton h.r.lv I,, roi i- ill tii'-rc I.' of ll,t,'' 
LiDgcrcd no SW*I E-iir,™ III >b° air. 
To light nori pL.TiO J| ..n,,,.^F- l K. 

IV Lii'iiittb'suiJ !■'■ :ii!i i«™ gathered fa 

Tiir,|...LK" ,-L:iwt-:r ,■( ll,v lilll.j l.ivaj 

And linger,--] 1,11 Ibu ;lir J ■- ■ I Au«cl .-.,■ 

To«o»>ll.cr, tru i' l«rn..|, il„: y-m.^ !i!. 

Tb-r,ptb,n:l „|. il, L..N-, jmiim.I f 

For Umfrtlb dnwn of in KlMiiilr! 

Ob, Uicn, I am nol ehildleu: thou bolt 

Wlr.ie AuiM NiirHf I,...r llies, (l.-lir-l 



From this bleu! 



And from Inn fDnni 
Through mil the Co 
Tha bouadleg raasi 



a-ake their meet 
o marie of 0.0. u { 



root vfcnli ehall pari, 
jgh nil don ^rotloea fair, 



ili.l.il.i.'n/Jll It,,!- j'^ccvor mlai. 
11 -I-!-: Ilov I..V t'j'.- I:] lb)" place of red; 



Bj Fin |. bora and 
Too limg bu cone 
Ytl loll DE not dij 
Dear Utile Mar]', 1 



When, mill for as am pato* or life jball ope. 
Fair daagbtu of mj- premiw; and in hopej 

fte^.tairf^gCl that w™?j ground; 

Wilt life, WSftaRe.a.Qoa'. PijfS, ,;,„,,:,. 



Pemalo Literature, 
We lake from onr Scran Book the following 
arlitle, anil commend it 10 onr rendera. It bm 
originally published in the Sew York Snndaj- 
Dispatch, nn excellent paper which bag a, wide 
circulation. 

poelrj." We ahonld think, however, that from 
the quantity or trash in "Ladies' Murines" ncd 
"Laoiei' Depwtmcnta" of newspapers generally, 
that there io a difference of some kind in litera- 
ture. It is probably a difference of education, 
instead or a difference of tei, 

U is a very great mistake on the part of Otaitt* 
to soppoio the coffering] of Individual or collective 

lYe do not lb"nk"pe2i°ti^Vr L |! D "w t V a arcf ! ct 
ridiculous thing., after all -provided they are eood 
one.. Tr B th, M0 bobb J -,, li n,, (r , riinLri -,, L|l ^ l , | : 
eraonnl of lining, and comes oat all the better for 
it; whilo if a booby ia based on folMnoad il 1 ill 
»00u yield np .he ghost. And, again, a great 
man, people „„„ „ ettpadL j of ihinkiw of mare 
than 0«e lhv.3, and if that lie good in it- 1. .„,, inc i 
■ ven though they make a bobby of it," they bad 
ranch better think and talk of that than to spend 



Swimming-Sohool for Wcmoa. 

niter in (ho London Once a Week, give] the 

■ing interesting ond useful particulars of (he 

method in which women nra taught bow to swim 

_ .'is. What is said of the advantage; of this 

kind of instruction, applies quite as forcibly In 

this country Mil docs in England. Very few n( 

omen learn bow 10 swim, though all of them 

are fond enough of traveliog: 

As many parents are wishing to know how girls 

in be taught the use of their limbs in the water, 

Tlie water is that of the Seine. Thi! 



ice 09 to how to set about getting T 
In the hope thnt something may ar 



What Is Duo to Woman. 
EM Faiimcn: I take the liberty of Eendini 
inclosed beautiful extract from tliu writ 
in old ond valued friend, who has perbap 

nourished the early germs or virtue in my 
d excited an earnest desire to reach the 
ssigncd 



_ 




E. M. W. 


arn lo bo grnl 


Till lo w 




:., ilu 










and too often 




:ofl 


in, h.i 










rey ond trnl 


from 


olug 


















il (hat has let 




or lifted u 














'■"■' 




-i sou. 








thur. 








of the N'il 


Ji.usrbKT, so. 
















outwit the tyr 












puhl 


1 1 ■ 1 ' 1 .- 1 


nerve and so 










il in 




tred America, 


ut a woman cq 


npii., 



[.erpemal odd .'b.iin.k-ss fil.-olmr.! ,.[ |,i,.IMi,liii 






1 the S- 



J the 



d the space occupied uy W al„ „ 
n e D 8hVor n Ulh D ierd Cn ° aSh l ° """' 



ii. z. r»- — » — . uu n »'*w™. nn 

intr bflir is of considerable depth in the middle 
The dress is excellent for thi. „ I„ t, .. 



ecentadrcssnaEnaliihladie. oaedtowei 

ath WB4 called "Tli, U.,il,," | .,I, L[1 

t-ntlMii.o and piv/dered ludi,.; „.,.,] , 
bout in fnll trim, and cbat in the ivnt. 



HES. LIZZTE WILEY WAEHEK, M. D., 
ELEOTBIOIAN AND HTaROPATHIST. 



Wuilns 01 pracUclly domonitralo Ibe tbeoi 



Hie iinriil iid.!,r;|-,i,,| ,,,,., 
.'n.l!,,..,, i.,.. m l;|.,ll,, ; |,„ 
lli.'i (u Hj.read out the 




rush frnm the batb to a confec 
icb opens upon it, and rnnv ho 
immlng with one hand, and wilb 
il .'?? i completely nt ease. 
1 mighty easy 



nn the density f 11 
safe for 



».i;'StvJs , j-,„ T , b iS 1 ' 

" , : 1 "' 1 'I' '■■,'-yl.',.l,l.,,,,,i lu .,-, ,., ...,'' 

'"'"lureuf ti, c i',ii, ,,, lt ,„i ,„.,..;,!,,;,., 



-1 |J,),iCLH:.-, H.I '.,■,, — - |.' : ' r .,-( 1 1 . ■ ' , , .,' , „ . 

iWenUcal 



I^MRa. WARIIEN re^c uis Df tbo Ne, T „„ U 

, "" l,l >' ' f """ uosriis Ei.ECTiio-.ir wi. 



COAL-OIL LAMPS ! 

1,200 DOZEN 
COAL-OIL LAMPS! 

Deitz's Unrivaled Burner; 

Moat simple, Convenient, and EoonomiDal 
Lamp in use, 

iTTJST EEOBITED, 
EX 
EUILT FABNUM, SUMATRA, NOON- 
DAT, PANTHER, NAPIEB, 
AND BY EXPRESS. 

CHANDELIERS, 
For CHURCHES and PUBLIC HALLS, 

LANTERNS, 

FOR QOARIZ-MILLS, SAW-SIILLS, WHAR^TJS, 
STABLES, HOTELS, ia., to. 

HAND LAMPS, 

PARLOR LAMPS, 

SUSPENSION LAMPS, 
SIDE LAMPS, 

KITCHEN LAMPS, 

BILLIARD LAMPS. 

PEICES LO-WEK 

Tliaxi ES-c©r Before. 

FOR SALE IN LOTS 

TO SUIT THE TRADE. 

Corner Front an J California streets. 

H IE T -A. X I, STOIRES: 



STAFFORD BnOTlICRS. 



^A^ORAMEKTQ ADVERTISEMENTS, 



ST. GEORG-E 
HOTEL! 

Comer of Fourth and J Streets, 
SACRAMENTO. 

jmjfr THIS HOTEL, MAVmoBKEHTHOROUOnLT 

RE-FITTED AND RE-FURNISHED, 

IB HOW OPEIT 
FOR THE RECEPTION OF THE PUBLIC, 

c. i. miTcnrasoiv, 

. . Proprietor, 

Preminm Marble Works 1 

F - J - I^B^rilTE <SC BROTHER 
K Hrect, comer SHUi, 

SACRAMENTO, 

Marble Mantel, and OrlielT M™™odL,, Tomb anj 

0™< iStoaw, Tabloaod C»» nl0 r Ton-, Jiarhlo aad Fr^ 

tr l^.i^.r V i TT ' e '«T S ' n " Qn,i Linl.l,,4e, 

4o, dumtaallf on band and tnodo to opior, on reasonable 



SAMUEL JELLY, 

IMPORTER OP 

FINE WATCHES, JEWELRY, 

Silver-ware, Catlery, ic, 

1M J STREET^OSE DOOR BELOW FIFTH, 

SAORAMENTO. 

Watches Repaired and Jonalrj Ma nafac lured. 

Agtnti for Grovcr £ Baker's Sewing Machines- 



EDUCATIONAL. 




MRS. ANNIE L. AVERY 
HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN 

Eotldonoc, 2AS Patlflo Street <i WD dsot. t, am euxku, 

Sj4.it prancisco. 




Oil and Camphene Works 
HAVE REMOVED 

TO THE SPACIOUS STORE AT THE CORNER 

OF CALIFORNIA AND FRONT STREETS, 

Where they offer Tor Hie 

The Most Extensive Assortment of 
IBxtmiaas Materials, 
AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES. 

STANFORD HROTHERS. 



ACADEIir OF NOTRE DAME, 

S A, U JOSE. 

n'FII: .'JIKT!! .:!,:■,; ,; ■ .,,,;; ,., ,..., ...,; „ 






I 1 '.;! ",' ;'' , ' : V l M'Vi'", :, "' l " , '"' i ' ,: f '' ; ''"'' ^^■■■^"' : '^'- 



r school. 

U.J - n ,.■■.■- .:■ ,.|i....nJI , 



SANTA CLARA COLLEGE. 

npiiE ninth annual session'of this in. 

J- ..liluiL.-n ■,-HK-. !„,„,., ,,..,.„ M<,:,]i,\V, Au-o-i iis. 



fiiOil .„ 






SPERM OIL. 

^OOOOALLONTinNTER SPERM C 
rrOmNr.n.rfi..,,!.,... ,■(.,;„,, lli , ilp 

SPERM OIL, from Honol 



I S.i.,':/', 



STANFORD BROTHERS 
Paelll, Oil and Carapheee Work. 

Comer of F ront and ClWalaitroetj. 

LARD OIL. 

6,000 ^S siaS.. 01 !*^ 7c^" u '" 

3,000 GALLONS LARD OIL.'in la» c i« wi c „„ >Ilt 
ONE DOLLAR PER GALLON 
orialohr 

STANFORD BROTHERS 
PaeiEe Oil and Camphoao Works 

Corner of Front .od California rt™» ( - 



: of article) irojhed, per i 



^VILL I'OlKut™,, , ,, 

CALIFORNIA PARMER 



ALExlNDER^rT 01jr) 
Piodace and General Cm[ohi&lm A * ( 

Ko. « OLAY SnURT, KKAU DATI ° ' 

SAN FRANCISCO. 

A L n E SANDER II. TODD ho, h.., „ _ , 

— ,-[ "i"", "■■' ''" ' i ■ ■■ ■ ■..'■","," ".'!', "ii", ,;i ""'"■' 

l" , !,' 1 !;„ , i ,| .!r.,uh':!'.' ','"■; ""■.' "■ i-mm! 'X''.','i", ".'" 



POLAR OIL. 



G.0CO GALLONS POLAR OIL. froa, the Sonthara Kut 

S?ll"S J e,i ^' l " m - OBiTOpwio *iMw: 

STANFORD BROTHERS 
Paeiflir Oil aed Caoii,hone Werki, 



'""refSrreS't"" 1 * 1 "? ""'■ :i: ' :U ' ''' '■ " , :' l! ' 



,;iru[nr. : Bt.'in (.ihLTiii-irj- im.i Notnral Philal. 
■ 1 JIil.l,., Pun,,. Vinlin. L.nii I'r.i'iiv |..-m 

;-" C3 - "■ ,1 '"' 1 Il,, " !: " lir '-' l!irr.i-lwd at JWre 

!Vv , |',n","l'"'" T ' r;l t! '- ,r ''." f '" " nl " f ,h = lansTups. 

anta cTara 0r cJllc're J 'sr r . n Lii O or Q rii ' Cal^or 1 r i' 1 ' "■■' l' 
'■-'■■ ;■"- \' --■ ' ■'■■■'-■' ■i-ii.ir.-'l., M„',k^ 5 tr«el,b^ 
1 L — 'Firth.S " 



THE COLLECIATE INSTITUTE, 

■A.T EENICIA. 
-TriE KrI , s,,„i-„„,,„ n | «,,„„,, ,,.,„ colnm , „ 

J r ,' ,■ "'"'' , ~' i "- >'""■"'■■-■- -^M ".I "t.--r 

',i,'|., ,.",,, J ' "' : ' y l'i»-="»l, il" pu4>H.la, •« tlioop;oiiij 

. i j-- E - - ■ t- -t " i ■'■ , ', r ' ' ""!""" '" " -""'"> prl™». icnchcre, *t,i4 
I C J. PLATT, PrlaopJ. 



taWeaoald<7,97il 



S.O0O GALLONS BOSTON COAL OIL and at*. 

brand,, at 81 2S PER GALLON, 
■•alobr 

P..1R n,, J SrANF °I l I> BROTHKRS, 
PaclDo Oil nnil Camphene Wotlu, 
and Oallfon 



-»apaeltrof nSrathan 

,000 Oalkn, a?„ y JVnty-ronr H. m , 
Cmplieniior > Better Quality, 

^°WER PRICES 
"I-arso sales 

"Will bo ,h 



FIRST PREHIIUM AUAIN! 

BEING THE 

SEVENTH TIME RECEIVED 

Against All Competitors. 

R- H. VANCE. 

Comer of Montgomery and SacramDnlo Sis., 

SAIST FHAKTOISOO. 
nar.n K a ff oin rocelrod tie FntST PREMIFil 

0,.,,,|,,J: lt ,l,. ;M: , ( , F , [r| , ir , h( , ]|]: ^ | .._ V1 , L ., 

and PHOrOGRAPUS, R Is p;oaraotood that all «ho 
favor roe oiU, n call „„ „„ lo obls[o i„; Uor „„ rk , b aa 

irlald'.a " QDJ Dth " C ™ ,t " ln "" Sl * 10 ' l 

ferra t'tl'tbou""' "' " aa ' :b llED 'JCED PRICES, tocon- 

id-SB 
SAB FRANCISCO BAY DISTRICT 



— IWU , toast, — ■ •»■!»» ■» 9UUIE I s • 

onl Srnau Profits" T , ^,S"? lV.n BAS *^^ f * eB,B '°''™ t,iSKl 'i2 

STANPOnn m,™. ■='-". n-ii. ,„ ,.lu^','.",'.', , , , , l !■^'.'-"', l ,''. , .'''. ^ '! , .';'"l:" , '?' , ::. l !' s -, , ".^11' 



p-,..o„„„ s S™„?,^' ,ms 



- — yuwu iroru, I m«>Ja 

I'rxotaadCaliW,,.^^. I "^° 



FILANKKrFAiltaO.SeamUiT 



_ 



THE CALIFORNIA FARMER. 



87 



t DO.TT KNOW WHAT IT MBAXT. 



Tc.rojr.'>uni;cbeelt'e;in]se.nd -etil. 

One night ho mid I mail jo cop on hi, sled, 

Fotineraon "1! foiling Cut: 
]ni half afraid, bul he coaled nod couM, 



The 


CM! pit-id 


on and they 


globed hi: evo 






























,.,,n,,ty r,[.|.l 


















A 


I.tI l.. 


1 "*"' " e "" 


'' 




i GumtT.- 


A 5CP DO occ 


amd at oar a,,. 




i .i MLsou 


i friend, lb< 


itber day, which 






. have BCldom seen paralleled. 








.1 of tbe St. Louis 






p and addressed 


s m>n 


'"■ JI ' IJ 


o?e by me, 


and evidently a 



f Ihc 



nifc, t 



"W>'« lob-iceo enough for ooy man; ain't 

"Well, I should tbiak there irns," eras tbo in- 
dignant reply. 

"Very «•■!!, v,-.,i nl>, it, tb,L,," be coolly ob- 

tbc ping m his pocket and n-slkcd nw,>y." 

Home. — '-Tliis is ujr Lome," cried a little one, 
& treasured boy of four summer., nj, frepb and 
rosy, lie cue in from Ecbuc.1 at the close of a 

"link. I. link- Willie." said hi! mother's visitor, 

Si.i-.^-.'M: .nd irv'lhe neii ii"o..r. " .^iipj.n,.- run 
Sir-;, i, l„ [be entry, throw off jour link --!." .,.-: 
you have here nod proceed to the parlor. Would 

'V.., r-i.l. V ,-sid Willie, "tbalivould'ntboit." 

Willie hiil never thought of this. He paused 

lielly sewing, ho replied n-ilh an 



HOTEL INTERNATIONAL, 




Dr, Frank G, Johnson's 

SELF-RECULATINC 
~%7V I TO" X> M X X* Ij . 



wM 



Jacltson street, above Montgomery, 

SA.z-1 FKAKCISCO, GA.Ii. 

FIRST-CLASS HOTEL ! 

THE TABLES OF THIS HOUSE ARE 
UNIVERSALLY ACKNOWLEDGED TO 
BE THE BEST Off THIS COAST. 

THE ROOMS AND BEDS 

liUJ,''uUlli .'tVITjli:~-i:.-!".r:J lilSE!- 




MANUFACTURED AT THE 
EUREKA EMPIRE ANDKEYaTONE IRONWORKS, 

WM. McKIBBEN, Proprietor, 
No. 98 Pine street, near Montgomery, 

SAN FRANCISCO, 



A S'SpestMii Best Windmill 

OF THE AOB. 
Tbo nrlwi, at the Depot, for thoio ad»r-«d " Ag.leul(o- 



I^lrst-Oliass Hotel, 

IN EVERY PARTICULAR. 



It is Contiguous to oil of tlie most Papnlar 
Places of Amasement, the Principal 
Thoroughfares, the Fashionable 
Promenades and Steam- 
boat Landings ; 

DESIRABLE STOPPING PLACE FOR 

FAMILIES and SINGLE GENTLEMEN, 




WANTED, TO LEASE, ETC. 



A FINE CHANCE FOR A DA1RRLAN. 
A Banch of 500 Acies'of Good Land, 



Who Wants a Farm Cared For? 



WANTED TO BE KNOWN 
.Ajb el Mlll-TITFlglit, 

fpirhi^i- I ■: r - i - 1 . - I ,-..,■. II ,.■ i :--f, : ||, ,,,i .,.., (■„, ,,.,,., ., 
'■ " ■' '■: •-'■■■;■■ -'■: . ■ I . ■.. t r, ,'IHI I . | I 



'ra : i."''."'i:.-;t",: 



TO SHEEP FARMERS. 






~ 



hklZ 



FOKCE 



HO' S E 

Gauge Cocks, Cylinder Cocks, Oil Globes, 
Steam Whistles, Hydraulic Pipes and Howies 

FOR MINISO PURPOSES. 
COUPLING JOINTS of all iliei. 



WANTED, 

" -■'-■'■: ■V'!', K ".'i'j'!i." ,l ''" : "- w,l '!LV.™£S2 T * ,n ? s 







M.r.l IAi'TCEE3 BEST OF FAlliLY SOAPS. 
Heir etmni of Xucn and Pmlfio nrc ite 




WM JleKtUUKN 
Dopil and Mnnufaeicr,. No. 9S Ploo itreel 
near Mont (fiery. Sio Frwotao 



Self-adjusting Post-Driver, 

A valuable Implement Tor Farmers, 

HYDB'S PATENT SELF-ADJUSTING POST- 

" uULd FESCN-linU'i::,, H,,. hammer ™k, 
tincinc frame, isodorin.- it r.-l.-ijjn-ti.i,- ..(, uu- 

livl l-lir I. i,rl,..l ni-.iill. :, (:..-l,L.;; :.!.-, c..m.=j-,r, -:.,T, ■■;.- 
one i .o-tr.iL-t.:r..: I lie iv;,. |,ulli,-, one ..„ Ih.- .lr.im, 
the other on the crank, are to be cnvoied rtitb 



on I- .li.uo l.v i)l,:^iiiu .mj nntminrr. 

LC, SIO; nnd Cntiaty lil-lir.' «rre:dln- r.j j. n]i u lid e i, , 



ji.POL 




FELLOW CITIZENS; I hn«o ll.ed nmeri,- v.'Min ■■- 
tha «cr nie.i.,11 nu:ii m:.i;. i, a <L :ui;.:-...i -.Tits 

l-l Ill '(.!..■„!( Ml ll.]..' N.-l. .... I ,1,1... I ... ||,. 

,..t';...:t .iM'-.li.Tiiii-- |..li,i. K » nml »ut'l J ''l,"*h1eh ht: 
onahled me It, |.iy Uno HuodreJ Cent., it i!i» Ii. II .1 
lhn,uuh nil my urUerio ftvrtuno. I .null alio E iio you 




TINTED VERMOKTT 

MOWER AND REAPER; 



Vermont Mower and Reaper, 

Which I. Dn.nnio"rf for SlMPLIClTr, 



First Appearance on the Pacific Coast. 




Mr. BROADWAY PINNE D TO THE WALL. 

"INSTASTASEOUS ^TiBWS." 



""•'■«■"."< 



FURNITURE 

AND 

B E D r> I N G I 




^^^^'" " '.J -.;V ^~*i 



JONAS G, CLARK & CO, 

IMPORTERS AND MANUFACTURERS 
OF 

FUKNITURE, 

B 2 D B I N Gr , 



US Washington street, 

SAN FRANCISCO. 

WB DAVE NOW IN STORE , 

The Largest Stock of FURNITURE Ever 
Offered on the Pacific Coast, 

Which no will nil 

AT LESS PRICES 
THAN IT COSTS OTHERS TO IMPORT. 

JOKES G. CLARK & CO. 

123 Wwhlnston Btrccl, San FraocL-eoi 49aodfil Fnarlh 



Bees, Bee-hives, Honey ! 

REV. L. L. LANGS TROTH'S 
MOVABLE-COMB HIVE! 

HIRAM HAMILTON, of SANTA CLARA, 

APIARIST AND AGENT 
For the above- named Patent Hive, for California, 

B3- Foreran niihtne-esn obtain Individual RIGHTS 
within laid Slate, and Territory by jendin C $35, hy 
Well,, Furjo and Co.', Eipnai, to the undersltned. 

HIRAM HAMILTON. 

Santa Clora, Fob 16,1660. 2-3m» 



r.jily e-.rr.Tl" llic .1 i:j,T^Lll j 1..- r.i J. Ii, -ll.-.-iii,.- 
Elrv.Nil,.tT..U--,".i ri.;tiE r. .j il j„.,li.,ri L - ,-1i1.:1l :.■ 



Vi. j .r.- i-.-.t i.-.'. . Ji.r |,:I.:.- [i,. ,- .,■„ ,.; ,.| ... 



VmITa, 



' .1 ■ ,■!,!.. . 

.^>iu.^i i ^,rer^ 1 ^ri..'i i V^ i ^ ; 'Lii l ..i,ii:''.lnV,;7ai!/.i' (■/.";,'.■ '.'„ -.''.' '.'■.. "j"-", ,".". .',!;:.- M.L ' ';: r ! .'.'."i i! " 1 1". '.',,:."" '„" 

II -I ].. Ilii „■ i.- l-eri.-et-o ., Ilrj-:.:, ■< i, r ,.| , 1>,j,-[lt, .ii]J . -I-- In K,L,-,;.-. IV.- 1. ,,„„,,,.,,.,„ ,|.,., -,,... , ,,,,;. .,.„-..: 

■thermon Jo k.t»c,ii Ii, e -h . I,.. -,-... |i-l.,;l „|, i nu ■■' llr.,,.|-,...v rl:.,„ , r- . ■ . . -.-!:., I.. ,.|,.. ,:.,, „,,,.].. |, 

.'.-ii : iiu.-irie.i o-T. j Ih- e ■■;!,., b i it-ir ■;■■•,■ i ■<■:.■:.; , 

liteilolL To til, latter elm I hovo lh.j h.nr.r te bnkne. ty'V 

bAtlns learned my Wines it, the Atlantis Statei,anJ ™'* 

heonenQaeediniaidhDilneiiforthnlattolghleoayDiirt. H7J 

BolloTlnE that life iniBoet t., all, and that tho peoplo 

■■■■ .MiML- llir vein ,T^t lli..-lr J .r(,-.:.-i|.!,.,i I , nll-.-J 

Bj 0U, "l£"i'' r u.r - 'I'''" "' ,,'ii '; ■■;-'""■•*"■ nna oI 
I Intanti my tlere ihsll bo ONE ef Iho be,t, If not THE 

Hr.ST pi:,- Ii. f.llil.rni;, f. ..l..l.,i„ .iverylhlBj!, K EtV 

Ul'U -I..I --ti-.lMII.i-, II,- Urn.-ll,,.- u ,,l, |..-.-.,H- [.. 



lire-,.;..... 
buy them 



.nre.intbodocroMi 
hamTOMlvodthe, 



o> for tho folloHl 



'hiSso 



■it'll--- ■■• '" ,. ,l.... ,',o.l .lu.lily. A'lulleranta.givo'uit 
..!l..:„i V.MVILLTRY '* 

rf-IZ J. L. P0LHEMUS 



C O A.L. 

T flARTLET, LIVBltyoOL, V 




American & Foreign Stertscopic Emporium 



E. AN TUCIM !'!,■■!.-' 1 1, ',',-, I v. ','"!;'' -'.-!' 'v,!','l"" 



W. K. VANDERSLICE. 

TQf) KMnHerma. „, gr, 

134 wabhinqtow st, 



Trie California 

BEE-HIVE! 

The .BEST, and hence tlx CHEAPEST 
Hive ever offered to Bee*keipert. 

The imoro biro ™ innrded the FIRST. 
I ■ U J J _-■ C r r ■ :■ ! :i. .- ti..:- [-.,,, j,.-l:|.,, ■! ,,,,.. 
vill.-ln !,>. „,,i „l„, K- ,;.,, M,,.|,.,„ lc .. 




com perl don 

I. t\-.tl!.'Jl.ii.-..-^.r:i,,i.-.,]i. ,,.-.,' 1. ,-;.:,. 






^Js^lKou.^o'd Cl^oj. of my p tt «t wilt bo , 
r^nnH'^t'l^Sl th I,' Un '.('Si. Q DEffEfiD 

'J. ■-, I Liklilst/i',' !•'.', "i-nt. 



PATENT RIGHTS FOR SALE. 

v. ,„!..=:. (.„ ,i;,!, W.i'j,' ,:^' t .', 1 , .'"[. 1 i'/'i.'".'i, !-.v"tT'.'V, : 'vU'il'-j 

I'-'-'iVr,',' ", : m', ! . ,: .",''" , JW'-'IV i '' "■"' '"-'"^ ""'"' 

No. 1. A New Rotary Snhsoil Plow. 



No. 2. A Corn Cultivator. 

No. 3. An Improved Clothe] Seel and Bar. 

l - , ; ,: 'i.'"..'i""N, : " : '", "".""',■" "'' .'■■■' W./'.'V .■' iv, 1 '.,:;',.; 

No. i. Tha Kochtnio', Spirit level. 

No. G, A Mmkato Bar. 

: .'"" V t'!"ai '",'■■'', :1 .'i' i' ! '!i V,'/^""'lr"' ■■' ' '" i'." ''' |, " , ' " ,y 
Alio, Hyao'o Patent Fosr-IlrivBr, 




DumeiiUc Fowls. 

,*■•) 'JA.'it. r.-'-ivt... „.:;■„ ■ ■'nt.v, l „„ '■'■;;;;;: 

■ -■ '■ ■.';i 1 ii ud opwardi *-' £ilr. "s^pL'ei^'bo 



88 



THE CALIFOBNIAjVABMEB. 



1 CaUforolan In Now Tottc. 

Fttoii a pri"<« leUor, writtim by tho Hon. S 
B. Bell, flittd Sew Xbrk city, Man* 30, we mak. 
He follow-log extraetei 

This eily has not us jet recovered from ilif 
financial crash of 'H. The old Ni.Hl.-V> • Min: 
Slain of the lliilisslpui arc suffcrinc: Mfremcly 
froajnooelDrv Jiitic!ilii'>*. Riiilrti.iJj ni'trdom;,™..! 
nen- cities storied on their lines, and qucnlMloD, 
tjiIkt than productive industry, all overdone. 
bsvo ruined everything. 

I notice in my na|ive count? (Orange, State o 
Kew York), with pain, scarce u panicle Of im- 
provement in agriculture. In pomology they an 
behind even themselves. Tho old orchards an 



dead, i 



rplae 



tion of California in wbjnh I reside is really abend 
of this tn-o-bondrcd-y ears-cultivated country, in 
thrifty, scientific agriculture, horticnlturo nnd 
pomology. 

The productions of the country look Tcrj- dim!- 
eoIIvc, after having the eye filled with Csliiornii 
growths. 

The successful men of New York city are, hon-. 
ever, introducing a new era, within a radius o 
one hundred milts of the city. They are filling 
this area with tho most beautiful country rd ' 
deuces. 'Some of them arc really palaces ; sol 
like Baronial castles. 1 nave one in my mind no 
on tho Hudson, that has tost $!I0ii,uDO, and is r 
jet finished! it is a Dnkal palace. 

Hint devotedly yours, S. B. Bell. 



L* 



Received. 
Wi haw the rolloiring to acknowledge: 
The Orchard IffUit, or the culture or froit trees 
pots, under gloss; with plans of fruit bon^ti 
of their cost; by Thomas Rivers, 
Sawbrldgetvotth, England; with additional direc- 
tions for the growing of trees and viuc3, by Win. 
Saunders, of Genuanloivn, Pa., with many illustm- 
lijQi. This is a raluoblo work, containing a fund 
of important information ; published by Saiton, of 
Mow York. 

I^flin^-a^andmoFcable-combhirc.sboR'ing 
the ma lyjfon of bee-keeping; by Wooster A. 
Flanders, Cleveland, Ohio— a Email work, with 

Oration of Hon. Thos. S. Bocock of Virginia, an 
Ihe inauguration of Hills' Statute of Washington - 
received from Hon. Senator Gwin, with other Con- 

Liel of /YeniuEu or the Alameda County Agri- 
cultural Society for the Second Annual Fair, in 
June, in a neat pamphlet form, from the Secretary. 
We shall report in another column. 

The Ira Plant.— Three joung plants camo by 
mail, in perfect order, from the Patent OIBcc, to- 
gether with a circular regarding them. We shall 
lake good cans of them and endeavor to make a 
xsluable beginning for a tea plantation. Wo are 
proud of Itam, and hope to give a iio^il iir^.ninr 
of them. 

A it™ Fhatrmg Crrui ((he Spripda PtUftra).— 
This curious species of very fine gross will become 
a fivorite, from the character given tp it. It bears 
a fine and delicate white flower and grows Tcry 
thick. Sent u? by C. h. Kellogg k Co., seedsmen, 
Ssnsomo street, who are now opening many new 

Received from Hon. Isoac Stephens, "Report of 
the Oregnn nnd Washington Delegation in regard 
to the war claims of Oregon nod Washington Tcr- 



u.-.i-mr-V. -era -e do f bancl. .63 30*85 harness ofony kind, and hich conni|»; as fast. If not 

tpTt™ — e g£ p, *5|;"£ u * b ";;;;; I fMlar.lhannnTborMluthocivintrjattrottiDir.anican 

IrKD Jlpr'at (eM-iriar),' IV l'"'.':!.'r,i.. I- h .. .. iv l, lH („,,,. [,;. „,i|,, irl j.;,;i ,,, uarneM. Jj a iuro fojl-uottor' 

■cu^ ...... ?'SiS'wlii.VI'*''is IS P ED1GREE. 

njiav-acTTr... oijoe. iooj. Etc. ^ _ ABDALLAJI i.mj A : v„.ir- nl.l nn 1 ho :V:h •■■{ Mil.-!,. 

.■'■ 1 l :u| , i..-,, , ;»\.,.-. .. V. 1....I,i'.I.:t;,,..: ...-.: , ,,|'j M c [n 'h ) i o ■ >'.' h o l>l") '.u"| ' ■ "l '■ ' f II '--en C o r. Ilnlntlc- 

S** 1 ^ . ■.". ■ -■'',',',.,''" I -["'' ::,, ' 1 '■ .:-"■;- r.r.i , ..'.. .1-L.r, U, (.'Larlr, K.M,t ui,irebT Iminrted 

><«, C.L *> d™ ..,-.- ..„.-,■ i,. c:-Mb ..... 1^ [(.,l:j J , J ,.d.r. _:r.Lr,.J .(.,,„ ,.|.| (i„, |; T „, 1,,- ,.|.] || nI11 h le .. 

»>«*-W, WOe | Jl.|.le3iij»r ....♦> O.-Jde , |(| |, .. i,., j „„.,.-,.,) M .--..; n.-.-r, l.l.i ,1am alw b, Im- 

v,',. '"■'"'■■ .^". !.. l :. , .,!';;;;'.". , ;;,'i":. i-':;" ■',','. i'>''r,.i.!t.r"'.-.i r 1 .:.'i,.,!..\i. : 'i',',m" l ,', 1 1 b'"'t.Ii,,'. r ., ,T 'i,l,. 

v2ic»il«...\ ...."■%■-: .1- ol!:r.l,4, ..::> [^K^ ■..< ,.ll AM^l^', aacealry la ,. ore; ho Is of a 



VeslCulal... 



Puckj, jiiir -.-'■-.-:■: I -i.]|... ',"• .1 .j... ->■! :■■■". i i ' 

l".r,,-r.-! -.^k f-alr J Fi..-. .■■::!,-, .»! 00 

(.»-.[■.!' f--ii i.j v, r „K,o. *' a 

do kr^en.--..- — ■ ." '.-' f 'j.:-.ii-, i' .I..; 

i:\i\-\' r--. J...I' •--•'■! <-«J^l :jM Ll'.L.I.l . . ..-li.L.r,.-.Tr---,: I '"1 

Tin;.-.. {■ n :\\ .....if-,-: . -■ |.,ir :it.- 

Hen*, -— *. 



S])lenfl!d Dnih;ira Bull. 
W« call tho attention of stock-raisers to the 
advcrlisemeDl of John B. Frilbie, Esq., at Ynllejo, 
of the famous Durham Hull, "Harold Fourth." This 
is the finest hull on this coast, nnd we have taken 
tbe liberty to correct (be name. It appears erro- 
neously In 10016 papers, nndltisntctSiary lohaTC 
our slock iroly named. This ooblo onimal wea 
introduced low ibis Slate by J. D. Patterson, Bit]., 
and sold to J. B. ttisbic, K.q., for the handsome 
f 84,000. Wo give below the pedigree, 
it Ihe bcUotb-; State: 
UiKOLU FOURTH. 






wbkhis 

tJiit™ 






I'-i* Si ttt. tr £t g dtftl by Urnr j. , 

P- F- C ST- <r. fr, gr. s-dam. bj tftouj......... 

Harold .4th li recorded In the American Herd 



Tni pHtL»or.Lruii lucuini 



Y. Times, Herald r.nd Tribune, containing ci 
pages, and forty-eight columns of motier. ' 
typographical appearance Is most tieellcnt, 
editorial and selected matter of a high chnracte 
such as lo make it a valuahlo family paper. 

ore pleased to notice these improvements— Indi 

tions or prosperity which we sincerely wish It 
may long enjoy. 



CouDTtill 



EOBiYED.— We acknowledge kind 
coortetlca received from our brethren of the edito- 
rial torps— from the San Joaquin Ilepnhllcon and 
and Stnckton Argas. Wo truly appreciate suck 
courtesy, llay they ever prosper. Of this bow- 
erer, w e h „e assurance, for wo were pleased to 
•ee both office, were full of the evidences of pros- 
perky. Of thl. we shall again .peak. 

a an Franctwo Cattle Market 





week; prWt 


traain 


Iho m, „ O0 


! L " 








\-,2 


ZX££Z? 





plio 




IMlllr It ^ 


b. 


■ !<[.aul>h, lit 


aalllj" 


lib 




I 1 "*'.!. \;i r . 


qnalityll@He.,adq 
kHogi,aoaa]6; gooj 


alii, J.fT,. 












J 


t life Si". 


».— 1. 


quality tMOtStco; 


i q 



WTioloanlo Fioduoe Report. 
rprowcu the pricra pUd t^ the dealer to the pi 



[ComKtod we 


Ur, by A. IJ 










































i.nlit, f P .. 





rr.ci.r^.. ;i.-.<. «|Cheea(i.Cal»*»B--S3a 
, J^iera.... M* 31 1 EggA P da. « 

nia™,c«ii aioaa oni'iWi«k)M,woolon 16| 



BatailP 
Pat»tDer,T* Is 










THE WHOLE STATE!! 

THOROUGH-BRED 
STALLION'S! 




Bat JEK. "Si.- AM -jT ?S 

ABDALLAH, 

The only TBOTTINQ HORSE that ever 
took a Premium is thin State as a 

TFJIICIi BE 15, AND NO MISTAKE. 

Mil >.U,1, All nai raised by Charles Hulls, of Orange 

county, S. Y-; sold and went to Now Jersey, wherobe 

look Ibo hot ciomlura as o yearling . and as a two-year- 

BSUIJj-. - -■ veooen ~ old at two sueeoijivo Fain in that State, over all cara- 

;W'"*- U '' ■' " ££ imtltorsfrumlliaUndolhcrStalos. A BD ALL AH stands 

EMf^pp«"f*l> **« sluteen hands and a-hoir hlch, mahoeany bay, black 

n™J«war«, - ' manoondUil.ele.a head wall .sol on, boaatiful neok, 

-■ '--Bloffibooldsw. well ribbed up and very heavily 



— in£5e racing Block, and no eban 




HALL'S THEASHEES, 

fit. 10-Horee Power— with Trucks; 

J^ADK EXPRE3SLV FOtt TUI9 MARKET, TO OUR 

"" b J JONE3 & HEWLETT, 

STOCKTON. 

COHBINED MOWER &HEAPER 

idoby WaRDER j. CIULB, of aprinjaold, Ohio. 



AEricultaral Toobt, Hardware, 

JOIST EB Sc HEWLETT. 




GLOBE FOUNDERY 

AMD K a< III \b: -Slioi', 

STOCKTON, CALIFORNIA. 

r|ui D ONDERSION; 

■ ■'!.> Hl.'lli:,, ,,,,,., ,,. ,.,, ,,.: ,_. . j ... 

Bteam-Engines; * 
Gnartz, Baw and Griat-Mill IroriB; 
Building Castings: 
Iron Fencing; 
Balcony Hailing; 
Horse -Powers; 
Uining Ptunps; 
Cast-Iron Wagon-Hubs, &o PJ 

CAR WilEKt.S, ln:n|[[,-K .1110:,--. KOII0E-BACK1 
PIPE «„l CAST BOXES. *Uo, . wmplel. auoruaeat ut 

AGRICULTURAL CASTINGS, 

lut>rM T™ ^?^! '*'"*' TSABftk '- 1 ""7 baooiledot m. 






JStil rr 
euteS with Hearnca and Dispatek. 



U.KW' a naiGos. 






ililo turn of speed, with a very 

, B , „ent[o and kind In saddle and 

if any kind, and hi B h courago; as fast, tf 
tho country at troltini'.and 



FARM STOCK, &o. 



FI^IE STOCK! California Steam navigation Company 



FOR SALE. 

BY T13E STE.lMi:n.? iVUIcll Uliri' li;nM :.'l 
V,„k ,.„ ihe SlU uf J« nu .,ry, IfCJ. I l>sw undo . uu ,i 

TIIOROCGU - BRED STOCK 

SHORT-HORN DURHAM CATTLE, 

EltlNO. 80UTHDOWH and COTflWO 

SHEEP, 







;■■■ I - "li' 'I I/ '■ I In- lii ■ iiiin .it z!.\ti r'llANi'l.ll.'u. 



50 HIVES OP BEES, 



William II Risalck.of the lown of Chaslor. Oranoe 

.11 I .1 '"I ■■ ■■■ 1 Ml .1 I,,- I,|., - ,..,,,. ■., 

odsoandtiBllcfr ' Wat. H.BYSDIOtL l! 

Sworn (o Ibis Jlh day of Fabrnory. 1659, bofr.ro mo, 
E. A OLMSTEAD, Justice of the Peac 



s.iii Per ScaMon. Tcrmi en-.li. 

E. D. L. BRYANT, Propria to 



TOUNG 

a I L B E K T ! 




AGE AND DESCRIPTION. 



by any hono in tho State, In-recllon Hill satbry uoy 
IndCT ol beraa-lloib of tho C ro»t superiority D r YODNQ 
GILBEaT. T«> ull..;hcr. k I ■ i „,, u ,- [, (., „,|i,.. 



He toot Ihe Fir,l Pre, 



it the lait Stale Fai 
•metal sort horn. 



Thoso Hbo daiiro lo combine ufefolnou and beauty In 

olicnboroaflorie*ln L -V01]!.-0 GILBERT "" *** * 

PEDIGREE. 

»•;!»» of YUDKO UILBEHT i, a M.r^n WaX 

S3i3 FOR THE SEASON. 

TERMS Cfl-SEC. 

BRYANT i WEINJIANN, Proprietors, 
Bonicia, Solano County. 



PBRSOHS INTERESTED IN RAISING STOCK 01 
Good Blood, 

Size, 

Style, 

and Speed, 

ArolnTlLjitoaolland aimmloorof ih»~ ■ 

mi., » b4 ammmo tor tham^oires at 

STONE'S KANCH, 
Tl?o Milts Easl of Bonlci,| 

ON THE auiSUK ROAD, 

YOUNC GILBERT 

WILL STiHD POBTUE BEiSOS, 
Iflt.of August 



Frenoa-Merlno 

jBTJOKS.tf 

Tlllt. uiitl.rvl-^ I."-;. I,. Inform HIEEP U,USEIIS, 
till ho I, now pormaocmly - 



INAS PLAINS, AT LEESE'S RANCI70, 
iw«proparni to lupplj- them with MERIHO 1HICK8 

tANScan bocont™a L J tcr ..-ill,,-, d,|l>..r-l h'Jre „,' 
AI Mcjih. FALKNER, DIXL tc CO'3, 



THOROUGH-BRED 

3© French Merino Sheep.^T^ 

BERKSHIRE AND SUFFOLK SWINE. 



GSM ALSOt 

CiL. NEW MILCH COWS, 

looaboio are arT™! I„. ..<„ ., Hr, nnin ., k R acbi FaUje 
' A L. BINGtIAM. 



1,500 SHEEP_FOR SALE. 



J)flH«ori *,H,/>™ y a ,j,„, „,'„, ;r . Jr/ „ ) ". dr ^7i~ 
OARBYIrTa UNITElJ STATES HAIL. 
BtaroerBEW tVOIILD, f,|.( Soimicl Soyraonrj 
CfJKFiriKNL'K, 1 '' 0D0 ' 

UHII.M. f.,p(. Chr... Thorn; 
1 '" "spi. B. CobBId. 

™ Is" '3*" J °' l^ ' ^, '' , ™ c, WB nl 



Caancctiag »ltb tbo light 



Colusa, and 

Hod Blnffs. 



Regular nispatcli Line 

FOR HONOLULU. 

PItASCKH PAIJIEI 
CAPTAIN . 
Dtvo n^uler [Ilapstch.. . 

Iijr hiMjo-brbiit tumrior wcommodftlliJia--,, 
Iroigbt,ap r tylo 



I. LOVETT, 






WOOL, HIDES, and SKINS, 

Ftiroliasea 

AT THE flIOIIEST MARKET RATES, 

LONING & FUEESTEIN, 

BO FRONT STHEBT. 






JAMES M. EDNEY, 
General Purchasing and Commission Mer 

and dealer In 
'ianos. Molodeoas, Pomps, Sofas, 

Publiihorar tho "Chorokeo 
TN. C," "Southern Bishop 



147 Chambers street, New York. 

CommUnion fur buying and forwarding Wo- ood-a 



aitbyqoodltlou.amluill 



at 37 Clay stroet of H LARPLEY, o 






VEHMIlSr DESTROYERS. 
jV^Vm °Z f a t J PEItI0R FE ""-ET3 (Malo and P.- 
rteSS"™ trMbl * d b ' B * t '' Gc 'P 1 " 1 ". 

i^rmlns^SfHumBl" m'i" <h ° Lo ' ' 1 " taclt " d 

Apply oi Hid iiffis, .,( ,h,, i.^ii^mln i' Br mrr 



BERK SHIRE AND ESSEX SWINE 
AMEEICAN EWES WANTED^ 

« A«tKicAVEWE^rr h «,| Vcw 

FULL-ELOOD MERINO BUCKS 



Hg* Fmi-inood Jlicrlno Sheep. 

B^L P.onn. i ,i.t,i r ,..,'„| ! , 1 .j j[,.|.in.,S( lr ,„,.,„ 

i«a, or ,-'aaU T rl, b ;e S no n ro b (o r , Jr ,0 Je" i"' 
aar^crfcr^,,. Addro.. Eutioa ™ .«. p . T S™ 

BERKSHIRE AND SUFFOLK 

ill-U^,t''s rF?i r n f '"■"■Mood Baik- 






ic, Clark, phy^clan lo Qoeca VtctorU, aai eireo-J 



Y.„- .irIu-,.-.llH. [:,!-,,!, Mr.- nlUr i,p[,li rflblo tu COOJS 
' J ''ihT''' ' ! "" i '' ' j£JJa:U n,,A W«««l rcn/Jy cianotU 

SETH W, F01VLE i Co„"p7oprieton, Ifl Tremgatdml 

iMu '-11111 l:iillJiii-l, iU.«on, Mim. 

!■■' ■'■ ' I— in. .!-■:■. :■'.:■ ,,::i, L. (I I: ■, 1,1 JiitlHSOX * Co. 

On^D: ou j uj „ii ,..,. j ,.,. .|, ;rjl[1 ',., .ii.-ldVovcryiiVere. i 



SnnFr, 

ths month of Soptombo 
cordially ' ' 



CIRCULAR. 
Mll " n1 "' IiiaUluto oi* tho city of 
their Third Indoitrial Fair in 



iculturiiU, and' nil other jirodot 
■ rclnbr tboir iroiks and pmdnt 
1 lioeproiion ibo pirt of tho I 



■Mir ,.. ..,.l t ., .,,„! .iL.i.ii,., ,,,,„. ,.,,., rU ,,., ...... |.,. 

yi... .r Hui t]|,i>ui-,.|i.' j | l[ -.,.|,i, ,, m.,,,11-, r.Lpll-il 

[.ru-liMinj; oi,..r,lbii,.; nL .,.,. ,., r) - ,,, (,,., „ anl ,. fi, 
hi,i, l7 c,,;,-,., „i..„ „f ; ,]| ,-,,.|| „.;,!.,, of , bu cnlon ,rljS 
i.-in-i '.:.rii..-'lv,..l,,.li,,]. 

,;'; ■■' "*rlipInrttuwllIr«aBardrirarsnihartkW 
■ ! ' ililrt.i i 111,111,1 f.^iuro r.t product a? may bo dnM 

"'■-r.nl.il..- will be mdTllrfkjoiir full Clroolor (lo U 
i-ii. -..[ m .F.nuury ,., |,.|, ; „ Lrv) ,.,- ,,.._, m ,„, aai nI &- 
ti^ns of (ho K»ir, [I,- .!.,-, :,,,,., .;„....i r., r alK m Bl Its 
same, ani nil cltr-r i„.,l..r. r, . tin ■ '[Uorato 
ByorterorthalnstllBto. ™»™™- 

WM. F. DERIllCK, 
Corrospand In tj Seerortry* 
63- fJon-spaporj on tho Paclti= Coasl, frion-lly lo >*• I 
plan"',,'" 1 ^ Ptr to tttId ™* °f "woohanfj' Injlltulo, Sal I 



KRS1 i-iUi-aiUM QOMEK STATE ' 
SI-HP-MEAD AND CRACKER BAKERY 

^dee^h'&"staSr c,BC0, 

°*i l,mh b Bioi Every !)■}' 



CALIFOBNIA PASMBK. 

fi..vi i.ir .,i M,., f,,t-..i;', u >' ii'caU^uoyBill^wmo'dii'S 
anil sum, 1 

J U W "assoii'^fl '™ A, Wiaa a"* S'a^V,'i,!=' (''-''-.'■-■ 

L. d ^n Ai!»K Staatoot * ' 

!| ll '' i -''-! ! . , .''tJw. 5 « 1 „ 1 Sa,( < ,CI«™. 

/ h-a*;' 

lain lIuaaiiL i Co/, 7'orilood, Orny«i. 
PonlgnAeculi. 

■ "■ ■ ■'■ h nMUh 




»dt°"ltbucd°PoBlEo«ri 

t s«™h^r«™aldr«a 
1(!to m,ifcetodli«»"»" 

th''puatl,tia r r t ' J ' : j " 1 " l, " ,ooll " ,r Plata prllhoat InlooaW 
[.;;. , ll ,;., , l , . l , ; l ■ , ; , | | ll 1 l ,, ;: ll l l , ■ , " , ■' l ' •mi to no former diit* 

'■ 'criuMi l,.>.,i. I,- HJ.-J it,, I r .f, ■ v.. :, !■ T-'' ':! 



'Vm 1 ' F^X»™«i.*i°dE; " r ™" uv "s « d * 1 ™" 




I M K rX W & l- "Is s i-f iy> l' ^Iff WBSSBi 



VOLUME XIII. 



SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA: FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 11, 1860. 



NUMBER 13. 



ffift Wifotitia frarr. 



00L0HEL WAHREH, Elli 



:i:V FiUDAV MOiUnHO. 
Qfo— .To.UJ iraJiijujn Urea (Bf Cilri), San JYb«e(« 
Tun.— Bj nail, ft r nao yc«r, »5 i Tor ■& monlln, (1 Fc 
aclcBof 1™ i>™ ■nh.erilicn, o ibaaniiT will be teat unit 



D-AVOIUE— Of ore it jseHpllDs. do 



led social opinion of a con 
to certain conclusions, wl 
Eei another is settled bdi 
,e ilit form of Principles 01 



very thing else of 



and by all subjcij/ifnt <ir. 
rctlcclion, tbe Principles 
Ive growlh mujE t,L- ..hi,, 



Thcj lire principle! thai Co 
to develop, perhaps, lbnn 
world together; for they at 
Application more general n 



nod by wbi 



B globe there is ni 



lioni pai 
Owing to 






support directly or indirectly ulmost entirely from 
the soil nnd its products. 

Irrigatum has, in some eases ond situations 
wilhemiucnt success, been resorted to, nod thus 
this Is established ns a scicnllflc principle on this 
subject; but it I, ool capable of universal appli- 
cation, and where it is, it is one to be applied with 
great care and watchfulness. Ercn in tlio most 
bramble circumstances, although by it is pro- 
Baced an abnudint vegetable growth, it is a ques- 
tion whether or not the bcnllh of a community in 
the immediate vicinity of it is no, i„ u j| cnica it . 
serioraled by its adoption. 

JfitWoy is also a principle resorted to with 
marked advantage, with the snme objects in view, 
Tie: a husbanding of the moisture and vegetable 
nutrim* „L5 of the soil; but tbe materials for this 
are not attainable at nil times and la every situa- 
tion. Tb c ,Mi,!,ir. s primipU Is one with a el en- 
Unc found,,.!™. a ul j it, connection with deep and 
thorough cultivation of which I am going to speak, 
Will he round of incalculable utility. 

|i«ii . r ..„», .1., , „ 8 „ d „ . rMf „ 

:lud of earth 
; bed-rock, a 



'I proportion, Tin that i 
■, other thinga being equal, 
g and resisting capacity as 



squares of each, or as 144 is to 3Li, or four times, 
and so on, until a point is arrived at in this direc- 
tion at which its eailurlng and resisting enpocHj 
would bo entirely beyond the reach of all drought 
that decs occur. The reason of this geometrical 
instead of arithmetical increase of such capacity, 
and nlso that at some depth not great, no atmos- 
pheric inQuenees can overcome it, Is owing to 
these two facts : flrst, that the desiccation, tlio ab- 
straction of moisture, necessarily takes place 
wholly from one side of the body or mass under 
consideration; and second, thai Trom the other 

the depletion from the first. By reason of tbis, It 
will be manifest to all, that at a very (mull depth 
of porous mellow earth capable of holding moist- 
ure, nn equilibrium or balance of influences would 
be reached. In aid of Ibis, tbe fact that n 
greater distance from the surface, a greater . upplv 
of moisture is found, while the withdrawal is so 

of this, it is evldeot that tho increased caj 



o bo provided for, and ' 



... I.HJ..I t 



i deep, cqun 






and red. Forty 



[Station of lb re 
icp, which is bnt sii limes greater than tl 
I inches, will endure nud resist drought t- 
r. times greater than it. If six Inches well . 

able situations, then by natural inference 
nally well tilled, tbreo reel or thirty-sis inches 
:ep, will endure thirty-six months or three yen 
depth of eighteen inches, a very practical 
depth to cultivate, will endure equally well ni 



Kow tl 



iv of tl 



I lay down the prie 



ity to resliio good crops I 
:s of drought that over has, 



■all the ends of uudei 



)rough system of nndtr-dminin| 
ny climate there Is a linblllty to i 



oroidi 



ike a brick. 
>:u[lii'!:t:uii 

e repealed, 
nching the 



:Iploof plowingus deeply as i 
ipnslbedoplb of the soil will admit 
irlnciple of upturning and ovcrtnrning, 
1 in the baltoiu of each farrow ns it is 
in application of tho sobsoil-plow us deep 
Ha, on which tbe noil furrow slice Is 
f the ordinary plow,- by this mode, It 
iosI situations of soil favorable lo it, bo 
a pretty good depth ; but lo bo thorough 
as must be repeated to tho same depth in 
on crosswise to the Erst operation, for 
ic passagc.i of ilie 



Is thus 



b:H lint, 



eoled.o 



i in 



If the i 

of eighteen 
s in proper coodl- 

nr oven in Califor- 



* particle of irrigation. 



Willi perfcet 
the pi on 



i plow-principle, 



inly nllatna 
eels contemplated by this article. '. 
dmitltd Ihnt dooe in o corloln way 
cry well and very effectively done ; b 



In view of ihu deep nud (borough culture ol 
'bleb I have been speaking, Iho difficulties in th. 
ippbcalion of inch powers and appliances depre- 
ilete materially, for the reason that a much 
greater po-vcr is reqolsUe for any g|« B lpf , cc OI 
if land than thot for ordioory lund-cnliure. 



course less carrying of fuel 



ohinisls, I will suggest thai for deep cultirt 
chemical and mechanical mean-:, lit 'liygi' 
dplt, will, I think, bo found la be more sim 

of greater utility ond adaptability lo Iho w 
the soil, than the plowing or over-lurnin 
oiple. 

I can myself see, almost clearly see, jut 
is wanted: a set of steel plungers or i 
straight, not wide, nor more thick than is fo 



;, tt.fj.-i: 



I inclining buck froi 
e both the raising uj 



n of 



the suil and the 
the whule together, engine and machine, or the 
latter detached from Iho former, might Ihen jog 
forward sufficiently for the ncit inscrlion, which 
forward jog might involve and effect on tho lever- 
principlc, a slight throwing back with the loosing 
and breaking-np of tbe aoll being dng, as the 

might revolve or oot, and bo Pro on nod at ci- 

most practicable ; but when eitracted ns obovo, 
revolve or come forward into their place of a few 
inches udvnncc, ready lo bo again acted upon by 
the cam-shaft, now again brought to bear upoo 
Ihom successively, commencing at one cod. The 
whole process might bo oxconied quickly and re- 
peated rapidly. 

Will not Mr. T. Ogg Sbnw and other mechanics 
of this State, give this subject ihcir attention, so 
that Calilornio, which la so admirable a field for 
Its opplicniion, may also have Ihu credit of lis in- 

ation on the dig- principle, 






te for tbe purpose ol 
n and weud-cradico 
vegetables, will not 
deleieriously below 






d of rocks, 



face or beyond the 
awn by him. 
Saul. Sellers. 



necessarily be brief, wb 

single hive and its incr 
of these lo increase in i 
following years. This 









in It Is known that G 
ecus can bo raised froi 

ic eamo proportion in thi 

partly with the old of thi 
Yours truly, 

J. S. it i iii'i :■'.-;. 



Irish Dairy Cows. 
Ir.iSH dairy cows are supposed to have originally 
consisted of two distinct breeds, tI«, the " Long- 
horned" and Ibo "Short-horned." The former oc- 
cupied tbe rich low-lying pastures of the best 
grazing conutic9 ; and the latter, commonly called 
" Kerriei," from being more numerous In the county 
Kerry than elsewhere, occupied 



The "Kcrri 



itill lo be f 



gallons of bntter-i 
fore— the butler i 
|lrf.ngaHon-tue 
LI lot. for the oth 

Ayrshire', and Irisl 
are bis cows kep 
dairy produce, ili 



o quantities or =hort oi-boros, or great 


.:,.,, ,..- 


a cave near Dunshangklin, in Heath, 


fii^mon 


chest counties In Ireland. The infer- 


i..li...».i- 










confirmed, in 184*;, by fresh discover- 


3d five n 


Longhgnrr, near the Shannon, in the 




.inn-rick, by Messrs. Solon, Qlnmon, 


When fa 


f Dublin. In a cave near Longhburr, 





III further 

subject Ly 



s is undoubted^nnd, In ab: 

origin of Ibe long-horned 1 

conclusion Ihnt the shorl- 

lliquity, and 



ion of tt 
:iallj- when 



tied t 



e find a 



icli ns Mr. 



Honoy-Boea.— WhBro does tho Shoo Pit? 
E*cB* K a S ,o.Majllih, 1 
EoiroB F.nusii: Tho stupidity and igno 
cihibiied over the signature of L. Kennedy, I 
F*uMBn or the 20lh April and -lib of May, is 
equaled by bis prcsumptinn in intruding a i 



tout tho disease, and tnclll 
id It, he having previously 
Mr. K. Is evidently one of 
c laboring to have the fact 
'able them lo sell their 
elr loss with the public. 



a llnii 



: mid 



:atcd by diffcrc 
the pure brc 

ire? To do 



.■country; is it 
1 that they can bo kept so b 
d require an amount of skill ( 
hot few persons ore capable or willing lo .!c 
.oit, particularly if they can palm off miiet 
ere blood. One of the merits claimed for tbi: 
i superior Industry ; thai | t „-,][ ron tnc cu;0 
uelghboriDg bees. If (bis be true, It will bi 

•i ncquisitinn till ihey con b. 



It the I 



nsly i 






o be proven; whether tho Italia: 
all the merits clnimnd for il 
es, Speculation In them mua 



hority s. 
d In opinion, whether the Irish 
indigenous lo Ireland, or were 
orii.-iti.illv sent to that country from Lancashire. 

Kerry Dairy Coic— The Kerry hreed is classed, 
by Mr. Touatt, among [ho middle-horns, and 

cmblncce to this class, especially the "Ayr- 
res" of Scotland, and " 
Chnuncl Islands. Tho Ki 
limn] to Ibo hill farmc: 
udy, easily kept, and gi' 
ilk .if a rich .^i.iliiv. iv I 
■i..l con.Hnmvd. These 
i.ir.ieitrisHc of the Kerry 



^ -lie \:l CilSllv .ill'l ..-llLaj-.lv 


rd n 


,.| vie],!:, 








aj bo disposed of, will, in 


nrrti 






.II..I 


Taking 


tfty of milk above slated 










, 3i. Sd. 


of keep will not cjeecd £; 






ii. ta,c, allowing the dung 


ogo 





Aldcrney of the 


tity 


• mil!.. .[Ill, ,..,,;|, | ;ir .-, 


ow is n valuable 




ally in butter; and, c 


relaud; for ebo Is 






large qaantitv of 




trcmelv nnprohl.il.lr, r.- 


Inal" 


he large .[.i-inuiy .,|- ,.,. 



Und 



cpt from year I 
indness of Mr. 
vrdfert Abbey, 1 
taiemcni of Ibe . 



aro greatly enhance- 
cher posluro and bet 
rcumslnnces, she tril 

riTii.ni. -.. ith other an. 






average qoaniity atouolly per cow, duriog 

tboogh i small foe laige cow. oSfioe VaJJs' yet 
let sinn 1 1 Kerry cows, fed on land of so 



exceptional; b 
tivcoty-elghl tt 



hat, by feeding with clover and vetch. 
irJitrt Abb.'j- ee.iv,, would give n greater q» 
f milk; but theywoold not be sore Tor f, 
a consequence of Iho tendeney of soft su. 
>od andsoycromiliiiiiL;, to impair tli.M-iin-.i 
With regard lo M. LJuenon's test of tho n 
rnpctles of eows, Mr. Grant remarks- >• 
ever yet had a cow that milked up lo M. Go 
•rgcet quantity (1st order, No. 11, which, h 
onty-four quarts of milk doily foi 



■o'.l.s; 



nilk. I b 



I: |.-. :- 



> . - „r .uiik'e.irlvin July, by which' 
■■•c.in in calf. With rcpird lo M. 
m of knowing tho quantity ,,, , M ;|i. , 
by certain eilernal marks, or wha 

iej,,|,|,|,.,it ,,| (11* rVlfj;,,.,, I [J,;, 

.:.- rule, II in Wvll-lij,i.i,le,l, lir ,,j .j, . 
■lion by practical mtn . , , :ln ,. ,,.,, 
..- .airy of eighty co.vs, onr I.,.., „„,, 



d what do these growers of pola- 



9Q 

'CALIFORNIA NOTES. 
THE INDIANOKJQY OP CAXJFOHNIA 



~THE OALIFOBJSriA.FAE.MEB. 



Vocabulary of Ihr Indian '-""J •""' <*' r™T" ,, 
San Ootid, n to -Sub**" """V- W * m ** " 


JirtAor, til 


A'oMnfcr, 1»=6- 


iicti'1 -pi 


Liin'i-riolso great "I'ej yo-wik-hn 
tchce-sbo hill cn-«o-nnt 
„ Sierra hyc-eur-h 
nln-na sloocrock, to-ln 








oeasbon hod luerro IggS-an 




neashon gold oro f^ 






daughter 


ne-orro wood ko_ '? r . . 








cnba-yo grass ma-mn-har 




ne-ebn-cho oak tome-char 




ne-crc-nin pine-tree wisb-ye-nrke 






OJB 


ne-cbo-ebnu deer sboo-kat 
nc-ai'Jf-pm ""'■< c-lhoc 




no.tnngda elk past 




no-noag-in dog woo-sbe 








oe-pny-aa foi pooe-wo 




oe.Beoog eojolo star 


. ]T . k ., 1, L-.ti ■PMIHIII UIUIWUUU 1 llinilll 1 HI 












ne.raarpsaa rattlesnake sbole 


broad 





d Snow Fe trail ; bol from the man? diulc 
o the wa r , they bad to turn back. Tl 
traveled as far up north as tho forty-first degret 
no, and are said to have discovered t 
Salt Lake; they got In a direct Iieu w 
from Simla Fe, (of the diatancn of thirteen loagu 
)B miles. Those facta nro gathered ft 
Forbes, Bomboldt and other authorities. 
No. 10. San Luis Roy Indiana. 



Sogers nconon bank 


ptysha 


belly ne-ban sea-mustles 
leg ae book-ok evelooes 




quW 










grasshopper way-el red 








whale que-bote, or ka, fellow 




bote eretn 












towa, Tilings yaog-t. elroog 




chief to-msyre old 












house, hut wa-pe-toga bad 




arrow oe-boo bood.-oajo 




bow nc-pik-ha ogly 








canoe, boot ta-ria-ba drad, deatb emrlja 


■tar so -s bo- ol cold 


y.-niuiiy. 



it India, 



1 Di^V 



ir l.'ir Mini 



■nut pops of women 

cnyo and milk 1i li-n 

quldmasap child (babe) H-yi-t 

hiilleya light co-nn 



doi° ' ... 

cat, wild ni 
venndo (deer) 



fol but-tn- 
aitch-hut 



■r end bitter 

t e-eein ardella, 

ber echo-may sq 

I- (;uj|.-|ilis[it| aba- fle.il 



orn-owl 



.a eclipse iu-ii"iv-we.-«i 

dead, or death mil-1 
God E-mnil-br 

worship email liny i 

vow 
cold hi-chur 

Kwtaihe-pIll;-i,..uk- 1 Lr 



hnk-a. 



■rcl hak 



eokh-w 



kup-hoil 


grasshopper la mow 
tule, orbnllrush eh-suk 


kn-pil 

em-pill 
cm-Midi 


leg he-mil 
foot mul-cow-powi 

eagle bec-ka-pa 



by-ray-hhay 
gecso (white) sim-quou 

geeie ( block) la-lok 



day on-rong-n 

light pa- ha- ho 

it is night yamnrairo- 

darkness aol-mo 

evening a-*ne-ango 

wind a-he-kio 

lightning a-we-rin 

thunder an-ea 



iee 
earth, lo 

lake 



yam opocora tarn i 



-lands furnish their 
for cattle, sheep nnd 
a homes at first sight 
I rapidly assuming, 



market. We do not 



will be bourIil "fier ni 

- "K i dicai"'" have, li- 



,, I, ■;,■-. nil- II'.'.. 



Tho American Rumor. 



Tbo Philosophy of a Fallow. 

tlsur.n this headiug wo End tbo following article, 
by Win. SirapsoQ, in tho San Joaquin Republican : 
"Upon the facility with which a plant obtains its 
food, upon tho abundance of nutritive matter within 
reach of It! organ!, mostly depends its siie, tbo 
rapidity of Its growth, its health, and its perfec- 
tion. Aa plants, like animal*, have ccrlnln periods 
of existence allotted to them, nil tho efforts of ag- 
riculture must bo directed to & single object: the 
speediest increase of substance, the largest site at 
maturity. One of the most Interesting facts lo bo 
considered in vegetable life is, that there is no limit 
to the site of a plant. Each now leaf or twig is 

i organ fur tho nutrition of a successor. Plants 

yintily obtained | but cipcriencc has long since 

roved tbat the profits of cultivation depend upon 

no abundance of plant-food lo proximity to tbelr 

ids. A given amount of food, which will afford 

vo plants but a sickly and dwarfish eii 

Id, if applied to oue alono, produce a la 

growth, not liable to 



of all kinds, and proved io hi 

d keep In good condition 
]ne; that milch cows woold 
ire milk when fed with it tb 
rn-foddor, with the corn it 

dlciousiy fed at first, all of w 



is oily nature of the seed I infer tbat the 
a properly cured, will furnish a pro- 
:b In cmolient properties, well calculated 



ii of a 



ican fanner brings 

ijii-tiy. owning tho 

ciliscn. There is a tendency to ui 
sphere of life. TUo pride which pr> 
commercial prosperity generates, hi 
knowledge tho farmer as a social eq 
farmer's sons have canght tbo infecti 

enough to bo lawyers or physicians 
honorable professions; ready enough 
by tho yard, or pitis by tho doten — 
honorable. But to breathe tho air of i 
earth, to feel its teach, to hear the 
growing crops, to drive loaded wnins 1 
c-niharii.*'; heavy golilcn grains for gra 
gold, t 



Men a 



v.- ly lurii'-il 

market, 



Of law; 



of physical health, God's Inuit noblal 

his is dahonor. Let us see. 

iia, few rise to eminence, nr even liberal 



baitl-moo 
haitlweltl 



enl froi 
prospec 



Physicians succeed a little 
mlllo pursuits aro well nigh a lottery. The 
symbol af successful merchants is found 
lie adage of angel's visits. How differ 
■ospect! of 



of a 



killful, industrious 
oricno farmerl Such a man, cut- 
soil, and engaging in no outsldi 
■r fails. Ho never fears that pov- 



mahar-enbearkn 



(Ilieydon 



in.) 



their tohocco-pipts wr 

the rainy Ecason was cnuca yninurewn 

the spring-time was called yamare-tal 

the iiiiiimiir-limo was called yemokioi 
the fiill-tiuje was called yaraoqooshok 
it is raining wjs called jamarawukik 

• - IBOf Cilil.-imiaft-i.-r 



!eds 



forly years old, wl 

but much given to di 
old Father Antonio 
Meiico with lien. Vii 
(1631). Tho follow 

Lots Bey Mission: E 
near the Missior 
kel, Itokcmuk, Ha 



Lore fignrcs. 
in Indian aboni 
larkably goof 



n y.-ir. n;;.-, 
aios af the 
inity of Sni 



tbei 



■■j Lir tiuir.il,, 
te of the Kiss 



called Toviscanga, and 



ia of San Pedro u 
y of San Qabrlel - 



from an old Chris 



n-liidiai 






site, Hakaskel, Canjowpres- 
iwa, HamcChuwn, Itaywiy 
Moolaxyuhew, aod Hcpow. 
i of others. At the Aqua: 



t the clan 
n Juna C, 



speculation, i 

irth with the dew, the rain a 
m, success is as universal a 
llfillment of the Divine prmni 



a man lie in conscious pro 
i; and be stands, because 
God. Compare, then, his (• 



t of I 



will r 



»ii.gk. 



healthy pi. 

dncedfromit. This 
allure, nnd upon wh 
;ily of tbo naked fall. 






i on Id h 






usefulness and nocos- 
,em is predicated. The 
nowed fertility produced by a fallow, as practiced 
,- our farmers, is explained by well known laws, 
o understand tho changes going on in n soil during 
period of repi 



,1 |.,u 



most impurtant to know that 
io most eagerly consumed by ' 



e soluble s 
rhllo the s 



,thoy 
ill. The; 
are continually being set free by the notion of It - 

[)lmn,|i!lir" ii[iiin Ih,: e,\rlh mid vv^-lntlf f.niiiii. 
end as constantly lakL'n up by thv cr^nn- ,i1' t -r.n 



■ I i.t-rr-j j-i ■ .i, is particularly far 
:cumulntion upon the surface, 
pon the loose and naked soil of s 

"For the perfection of a plant, o 
' food must be within its reach, 
icm is deficient or wanting, the 



ir I-...- .1 



II .my 



will i 





nee been convinced of tbo ncces- 




minj.' ii i-ptcics of provender much 
















l>ir,i will fill iln: bill, nnd until 








haul a ennrso inferior kind of hay 




hill, as I have hitherto done. 



S. S. TOMEY'S MAINE STATE 
B EE- HI ST E ! 

rjlHIS 11KE-11IVE. WHICH 1IA9 BEEN IN USE I 
l.rh'iVlGUKirTAPPHQl!ATl6n T , ud tuilHo" ™u J« 



I. Fionas am,)ncbt,_-.prvv,Mital. 









lures, arc continually disposed t 
.eh of vegetation. These the far 
ently called upon to supply.ond i 
tion of one of these, more than i 
i surpassing fertility of a f.illov 
anionic, through whicb plauts dor 
■i, is one af tho most important eli 



it is to the co 
all others, tin 
v is producci 

■ivethviruitv, 

ts of the 
ccedingly subt 



c yon find, it may be 

itigatcd by a single i 
1 shot up again In si 
e bat keeping the pn 



t up by day in grea 
ir way through nar 
ours down his rays 



vaked lo 

Jliogc 



other Indiar 

built by Podre Miguel Craiado, 

The Indians of San Fernando spoke neatly the 
same language is thoea of Sun Gabriel. The site 
of San Fernando was arnnchcria called Pasheckna, 

of the Feroandinos. Other clans were Okowrin- 
Jba, Koivanga aad Saway Yaoga. The Ahapchln- 
gas were a clan or rancberia between Los Angeles 
and San Joan Cnplstraoo, and enemies of tbe 



mod that tho Indiai 
re Affilee. of tho C 
Rocky Mountains; it 



■ e'.bn. 



Islory of 
ortby thi 



id of 



-. Padre 



milk- 
men's bells, or cries of chimney -sweeps, nnd 
barking of uncounted dogs. Is this lifel Do 
mm tisi amid such scenes, or do they only abide, 
constvaintd by some necessity of fate, or punished 
for their sins? Even the birds shun tbo city as 
thoy would a prison. All tho powers of 



s, only in solution ,.f rain 
nilcs to form n filed salt. 



,-cgetntion, and a free access to 
ire furnished by tbo nnked ft 
its highly fertilising etfects m. 
monia. Tbo dark luiurionce 
sure indication of its nbundi 



iw. Gur 






vegetation is 
p. This volatil 
. is tho product < 
ion. Insect deeny in the so 
supply. Tho most product 



mid st 






Witl 



. Tub 



■,.ii.-, 



nnd meadows, dellghtii 
the balmy airs which 
fiber of man's strucmr 



decay. With euch 
if woodlands, pasture 



than others, are to 
ittedforngoo 



ivaled crops. The prove.- ., ui expos urc by a fallow 
a absolutely iii,li?jieris,ilile before seeding. The 
economy of time, tbu advantage nf early e.dini;. 
:onvenlences of a system of fallowing, sc 



and n 



oils and 



Temeschal ts not Califorainn 1 
of lbe Indians of Mexico used 
of California. The use of tei 
"Nil ... , a among all tbe Indiai 
as well as ol tbe Calfrornius i 
territories, or beyond 48°. 



In 



Father 



,ii li:,l,;i. 



bath. This word 



,e by land 



mbytes of tbat Mies 
than thirty ranchcrias, 
from tbo Cos a macs, 
branches of the Saa Jo: 



nesrly lb* some road now (1BG3) traveled by the 

Overland Stage*— the distance bo makes aboni 

one hundred and sixty-five leagues. He oays, thai 

on the Gila there were of Papago Indians 400C 

souls, Pimas 2S0u, and Coco Maricopas 2E00, mak. 

lag 6000 la all. On tbe Rio Colnrado (between 

tbe Gila and tho head or tho Cuif) hi 

tbe Cocopas 3000, tho Talllpuimnj, 2000, the 

CnrjDeuches 3000, the lamnt " 

ehedoncs 1500, and tho Tamasabes 3000, making 

l«,600 sonls of tbeColeradOjBi;' •- 

Gila foregoing amauBtlng lo 2i 
Father Pedro Vonl tame froi 

rej with Capt. Juan BmtLsl 

compioj lo 1712, and left a mo 

hi' Journey in tbe Govcromen 

"J, "nd which was there nnlil 



id with the B. 
"re, In May 1850, that 
int ho came, io (.':,! ifiirrii:, 
tge, la Meiico, In March 
stationed at tbe Mission 
He found among tho 
a, Indians from not less 

Mokclumna and other 



aerre God and hia lellow-men, With 
anxiety forgotten, with windows bro 
making his chamber as wide ns tho universe, I 
farmer sleeps soundly and sweetly as an infa 
waking In the mnrning to tho music of birdi, n 
bounding to bis task with a physical regenerate 
Tfa it life! Hnw tmo it is Ihnt "God made i 
country, man mndetbe town." Such comparlsi 
might be indefinitely pursued, and with simi 
results. It is enough to say that no man's con 
Hon is more favornblo to culture thoa tbo farm- 
er's, and that his opportunities of social 

o perpetually 



is him 



to his lab. 
ening 1. fret 






Ian gauge. Tho Ir 
n general langna; 









and. Heal 






mong 



^^^^ffi' Oblspu 
lego, but their dlnlects wero numerous nnd poi- 
iri£. In 1B33, tho smnll-pox committed grcal 
ivoges among the Indians of tho San Jonqnln 
vcr and those of Saooma, aod also carried oO 
iany of the Miss Ion- India bs. In 1843 tbero w 
no thee greal mortality omong the Californis 
Ito nt eoBTUnmn.] 






1,1],, :l 



Boondar, Commls.lon, published In If 
D ™ in B»« »od Escatanl* .tarted f™ 
In me, to come to Monterey ria San 
« i< supposed by what wa, known 



Mr. Tlanlell 
ho Meiicn 
01. Kathci 



a tha right Bads 
(dependent records tho fol 
prorement In the right di. 
ling districts : 
iilio-rujnly cf thl 






l-n.lily ,. 

Ml,,!.,';, I',.-. 



B Of till 



him ei 

leetual pursuits. Men of genius have often foui 
their inspiration in cultivated fields. Tbe seen 
which snrruund him are tbo very homes ofsludl 
In botany nad geology. Nor aro these scenes It 
favorable lo nuthetic culture. 
Tho charms of coonlry-lifo ore of almost [nil 



inrknhly adapted tt 
i admitted." 



Hungarian Grass. 
We copy from Tho Mountaineer, 
Dtoh Territory, the following nrticli 



tion of the farmer 
located at a disln 
meadows; and, ii 



; of 1857, I re 



iceived from Bishop 
espoonfulof Hunj- 
,ved in drills In 
If a peck of scod 



weigh, 
yielded at 

In tho spring of 



. the e 



.-lety. Fru 
o gardea t 

ii Par.i.li..:e 



I Jupllc 



of I,. 



if cattle 

never saw In a hcentOmh: hnrses 
contested In tbo Olympic hi ppo dromes— nil these 
and much more strengthen and develop tho best 
qualities of his mind and heart. To stimulate tho 
iral seal of his neighbors by Illustrations 
;n; to promoto Intelligence by the liberal 
if schools; to contribute by his oiample 
once to the improvementof roads, bridges, 



nobility than are o[i,. n r„.ini] 
of rank and the ..j,l,. L1 i]i,| , 
Such is the true life „i ilie 
there he demanded an ciam 

ono who formed Bmiil ihe p 



i of tho • 



mes or bu ,■ 

naUo?i ' onfiu™n 'e C wii?r r "k^ ^^ '" b ' m ' 
of a natlon' 3 destiny, ,!„V wL%l™n , |V7,','id' l |u| ! 

lillvl Lli,a im.v i. uirue,! ,„,!,.,,.: ,,.u„,,.,..i,, 

ipted by ambition, and desirous only 



l„li,.. 



, In tbo i 



[Lea 



io Farn 



B of bis own Jlouut Vern 



ndlcs of grass, and 
■ a half 1 

oive.i ii. 



io far-off 
■ed about 



; very lightly, so ns to o 

1 10th of Juno ; tho weather 

it a small portion came up, um it ifilorcd 

'I prevenled ll.e ,.r..v.- ih .,i needs. I hnvi 
'"~m which I thrasbod siity- 



"I'M I'l- 

:d. The gi 



Tho straw I consh 
illvo hay. nutwithi 
nuded of its leaves 



r :,u,..;r 
m.lniL' i 



andtfa 
id weighs forly-foui 



TJae California 

BEE-HIVE! 

The BEST, and hence Ihe CHEAPEST 
Hire ever offered to Bee keepers. 

FIRST 




ongb WomFM E °S:Co.ti 
X <£ouiity or State ItlgliU will bo mid on tcramfli 
Tno 3p«lfi="tloni nnd Cloloi of my Pitcot will be (1' 

igtlnit aetson* at tog my 



Bees, Bee-hives, Honey I 

REV. L. L. LANGSTEOTH'S 
MOVABLE-COMB HIVE! 

ms.&HL HASLTDTOHTof 8AKTA CLABA, 

APIARIST AND AGENT 

For tho nbovo nnmed Tntent Flive. for Californis, 

Oregon nnd 'Washington. 



illRAM IIAMILTOS. 



I T..rtl|..r>- l.v 



MAIN & WINCHESTER. 

MANTJ-PACTTJHEBS 



^H 



ARNESS, ' 



WHIPS, COLLARS, 
SADDLE - WARE , &C 

No. 82 Battery street, 

Between Loot Wbnrf and SaaraiBBBto )tn)>> 

BAIT FRANCISCO. 

N. C— Kepalriog promptly attondid to.— Qr*da«j 

■■M' ! (m ,,-.. ... I'' 

- "■|0 bost.li!.liiv..-.,'.:l''; 



STOCKS, and l.Asill.-, ,. 



thrashing, as I thrashed 

' n "- ! '"'i'l "pern which I raised this crophnd boon 
, cultivation i,„ „ , f „ ,. lllr . ,,,,,-i^^ '„„,„ WM 
nnnred, nnd in „, |.,-iliiiii.. -i J,ij-,j n.'1-..r liel.i.'d 

er ti.-, :[ „ : , 1,„..||,].< i,i v.li,..L „r, „,„.■ on",i „.ir 
>n of the piece, more moist than the rest, the 
■'■ V im..;.i|. ivll; U,e B r,i:.j ,„,.,,. ure.l nerir f.nir 
and yielded, ns estimated by our 



j.l.i;-..., 

eniei in i 
The best lYroi 






I, yielding an oily m 



.en boiled, evidently po»s...ia| ItaliKS 

"■'7' 1,1 '"'i' «■»' ii"i":- fn.i„ u, ,: | 0WCt .,.,' n 
l r " , 'V ,ri " ; ":;; ■"■""ntf.ui, !.,. „■" ;; 

f-.r h„y, Mill |.r.„l,i,e uvl . riiUl „ , , ; ,. ' " 

quires t „ waUr ,|, un whmt • n « ««, It re- 



n withn gentlcn 
'^<.«»ar B i,ediunlown,atdhad^dV l to 



CHOICE GROCERIES- 

Kcw RatBlus, Citron, 

0URHANT3, FIOS, PRUNES, 4o, 
„ A?£. n BDWAHDS A «sj| 



MACKEItEL, T..iiKu< s aud Stftintl"' 

OBOICB BnTTBR, Ae., In Kits, 



Jellies, JnniH, 

PUBSBRVBS, FRESH FRCtTS, 
"ENQLI9II SAHCBS, JU. 
ForsalBBt 



Comet Teas, Old Go via' t Ja** 
Costa Rica, and Kit. CoiTeo, 



THE CALIFOBKIA F ARMER. 




91 




i of Ujo leading articles which ha will 



TO THE AGRICULTURAL PUBLIC: 

THE SUBSCRIBER DESIRES TO EXPRESS TO HIS FRIENDS AND PATRONS, HIS WAHta 

r*»rved theok. far their kind and mn.h-u.od.d .opW» 4=*°* the put jenr, which has far «*« U" 

Dsnino uneetatfon, and which ho hopes lo rotalo bj pursuing- mob * count « ran. bo latlifaetorr to hit 

Pitroninnd honorable to himiolf. 

Ho desires therefore lo call their attention to a list of si 
i£Tcr for sale for 1BO0; 

THR A. SKIERS : 

PITTS' GEHUINE BUFFALO THEA8HEE, 8 and 10 horsepower, with an attachment fo 

mouarlng nr,d KglitcriDg the number of bnihoUlhruhed, and lugging the grain. 
C. M. RubhcII'8 Masslllon, Olilo, Tbraslier, 8 rind 10 horse-power. 
Ball's Celebrated Canton, Ohio, do 8 and 10 do 

The Albany, New York, do 1 and 2 do 

Tho above Machines irero Made Expressly to Order for the California Market. 

Also, hate on hand, aitra Caitlngi, Draper), Elevators, Cilinior Tcnlh, Ae., Ao, or all tho above muchlnw. 

THE CALIFORNIA COMBINED REAPER AND MOWER! 

■as owned tho FIRST PREMIUM ovV tho New Tort Reaper, on trial as a Combined 
■apornnd Monor, at the Alameda Conai j Af ricullnralFair, held in Jnpo last. AlN, tho tamo award woi made 
Ibe Stale Fair, bold at Sscraioonto, In September lait ; and at tho Snta Clara CoHtv Fair, hold in San JolO, in 

Your attention fa also called to a notice given it, below, bj- numerone members of tho State 
Agricullural Society. 

PECK'S HEADER AND HARVESTER ! 

To which wbs also awarded the FIRST PREMIUM at tho Statu Fair, and at tlin Santa Clara County 



Wilb tho elporioneo of tho put senior 

mi.© "Very Be 



ili machlao Is eo improved u to b*. wlthont qneation, 

3t Harvester In Tie 



SICKLE SECTION'S. 

SICKLB SECTIONS for McCORMICK'S, HUSSEY'S, BURRTLL'S, SEYMOUR h MORGAN'S, 
PALMER A: WILLIAMS', and MANNY'S (with Wood's Improvement) REAPERS. Also— 

EXTRA CASTINGS AND BRASS BOXES FOR THE ABOVE MACHINES. 



£C O B. S 3ES 



H AKSS 



WHITE'S PATENT STEEL-TOOTHED BUGGY HORSE RAKE ; 

WILCOX'S REVOLVING HAY HAKES, 8, 10 ond 12 bet 

BOYER'S FARM MILLS, for Feed, Corn Meal or Floor; repairing bat two-horse 

Tha cheapest farm mill in use. 
PREMIUM FANNING MILLS, of oor own maka ana tho boat imported. 
INGEESOLL'S PATENT HAY PRESSES. 
GRANT'S GRAPE-VINE GRAIN CRADLES. 
KIMBALL'S PATENT SCYTHES and SNATHS, notched heels; tho Tory best pat- 



HAY FORKS, BARLEY FORKS, both stool and wood. 

WILCOX'S THREE-BOWED HAND RAKES. 

HOVEY'S HAY CUTTERS, nil sizes. 

RUBBER BELTING, oil widths. 

MONKEY WRENCHES. 

GARDEN HOES nnd RAKES. 

SKELETON CLOD-CRUSHER OR FIELD ROLLER (hoc 

GRINDSTONES, all sizes. 

PATENT ATMOSPHERIC CHURNS; tho best churn in us< 

CHEESE-PRESSES, aclf-ncling (homo manufacture). 

LACE LEATHER; LUBRICATING MACHINE OIL. 

LILLIE'S CHILLED HtON SAFES. 

EXTRA POWERS, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 Horae. 

EXTRA TRUCKS and EXTRA LEVERS. 



a manufacture), 
(homo manufacture}. 



JS- REPAIRING DONE ON SHORT NOTICE, "S. 
J. S. HARBISON'S PATENT BEE-HIVES, which took the FIRST PREJIIUM 

at tho State Fnlr, nnd wbleh is tho Terr beat bcc-hlTO in use, arc fov sale; nnd, alto, persons 
wishing to manufacture these Hives can purchase the night of us. 

THOS. OGG SHAW, 

88 SACRAMENTO STBEET, 
Sail Franolsoo. 

Wi, tbo undersigned, member) of tho Slnlo Acricollural Society or California, bava seen and oiamlned the 
newly Improved CALIFORNIA COMBINED REAPER AND MOWER man o/ac Lured by THOMAS OGQ SHAW 
of San Fraiwljoo, California, for whlob a patoal lias been applied for; and, In oor ndgment, no oonildor it ono of 



ofarmlngoomrnonl!y(u 


tb 


flgfl 


a Cnllfcrnln Inreotl 


on) thti 


m;icnln 


s, a> ono of the beet C 






•iDimaoi-declledandT 




BicruHiiSTO, January 


31b 


1800 










John 0. Downey, 






C. L Hnlcbinson, 






a 0. Whoolor, 










ocletr. 


Cor.Bw. c«lSu 














W. Wndiwoitb, 


















A Lamott, 






J 01. S. Silver, 


E. B. Crookor, 






H. M. Ueoilen, 














Ed. Davit, 






Wilson Flint, 








J. P. Melcbior, 








A R. Hilt, 






Ju. Uarrorth, 








E. A. Marsh, 






j!fS 






R. Glbbonr, 








Cbnrlo. J. Collins, 








P. A McRao, 














W. H. Park., 














J. D. Vail la 






John R. Itogeri, 








J. Morrill, 








11. F. Manlaln, 






Wm. Rabo, 








W. W. Light, 






Jacob L. Lonls, 








Fred Woodward, 






Jo). Klopcoitine, 














B. R. Crocker, 








Joho A Suit, 






0. O. Jcnki, 









92 



THE CAI I F OBN IA FARMER, 



% Mifotniii pmt. 



todlnwl 
UwdlrceiiKi 
to "Cou W 



n nod oblige uj7 

BHES. Coli/vi 
:ni- :j[rLL|.-L? .'■-■ 



Lnretig by Ov«bl."d Mail. —11 
Id the old States plcaw writ* « to Ib 
u often u coaveatsat. I' S™" 1 / f « u 



lutinj; U-nnSl, 
hSfkiifSrSTin* 






r !l -tlhtiri-..r..-.- ( s„itii.-rr. ! 1...T U -r:iliitltn! 

by sending Hotel copies sf tho Finum 
iir nemti nod the amount, Hour uffifc, ..u 
ill,- i'J|'i'= fur jo". fi« »f postage. 



Tni 


Lu>ii-.< 


DtTABTM 


ST," 


of this 


journal 


under lh 
will be f 


charge 
nnd oo 


of Sirs. Li 


.„. 


oy Warren, M. D. 
d to which we ca! 



i.'-.!-n<< W„rr 



Injustice may 
Original Font 



Iho pnblie. llnviar al- 



and parcel e mlK3rri« 



jus below, and hopes that tho- 
io the put Kill hive tin kind 
j that lo future do mistakes e 



ClLiroK 






To ecu Coi 
bsppy 



D Hi. '.[■!. ■:.■. — 1Tb !Ui. 

iwlcdgc Ibe reception of a vsllfoblc 
f Letters and Communications from oar 
friends in various sections of the Stale. 

We bnvo "Leaves from tbe Pino Forest," by 
Alice; the "The Estray" or Earnest Thoughts of 
Edith llontressor; Letters from H. B. H., nil come 
duly lo baud; out "Hope Hill" correspondent 
"Rosa" is also with us, and, like the copious rains 



ffith c 



(r.'l.ir.j 



! Of tl 



"Electricity," Infusing life. To each and Ml 
return thonki. Each shall hnTe duo rcspc 
Snch as arc for publication, shull nave pi 
such ds for reply, iball be answered. To n 
Letlcra of Inquiry, tbey shall receive early al 
tion separately, or through the Fabueb. 

The Editress was absent tbe last week o 
excursion amour; the beautiful flowcrB : this l< 
apology for not acknowledging the above com 
nicstioos. We have nlso Communication! 
Letters from «F. A. C; front "Mary;" and st\ 
new friends— all of which shall tare doe a 



It trill bi 

the moral, intellectual, 
onr renders; and if e 

altogether, bat rather 
time to cotnraQDicatc 
the mass we leceiro. 






-..ill it 



with tl 



doj either take 



relative places. * 

Onr readers will find in thn eat 

"F. A. C," food worthy partaking. The "Stray 

Leaf" speaks for filial -~ 

themes, in our brief sj 

Ibeir approval. We .ball commu'oiei 

■with nil, and ask all to write ns freely. 

We have Letters and Sketches from oi 
pondent "Kntrtna" which we are pleased 

[The above nntlc. 



ITlMitfL: 



aobly. Olki 
Till mei 

entally omitted Ir 



f wheat and hnvo kept 



he subject 


onstnnllj be 


ore them. Th 


mudreds of 






wheat on hn 


d that if they 


jnd been w iso a 


ast autumu 


vould been m 


cb richer no«". 


Wo wuuld 


dow nppeal to 


them lo make 


he favorabli 


opening wluc 


is now given 


get rid of tb 


great surplu 


Block on band, 






le late news fro 


rope is favor. 


bio for shipm 


ntfromNcn-Yo 



. This Is 
■o would nppi 
ot bold bncl 



int should bo Tory hirer 
o leaving onr mnrkcts 
; of the harvest, the 



up tbe difference to lb 

Send in your groin freely fnn 

■ regret it. Now is your It 

:ng gradually in China. 






grain and nthcr produce that it i 
f circumstances lo accomplish, an 
if these products nud our nbility t 



; ""j 



of the world. Let the grain-grower rcmem- 

tbni the wise and prospering merchant anil 

ir will nlways spread the knowledge that he 

ling tbe best goods nt low prices, and fnlfill- 

heso promises be secures the greatest nmounl 

ide, and becomes the successful and rich mcr- 

l. So the grain -growers of Cilife-rniu 

tbe best soil and the best climate, no 

no ir they will, raise Ibe largest crops, the best 

rops, more to the ncrc, olid of heavier weight to 

bo bushel, than in any other part of tho world. 

Lnd we boldly assert that when the grain-growers 

<f California shall adopt nil tho best plans in their 

insiness, when they shall till tbe right kind o/ toii 

when they plan 



>/Wev 






o theyst 



adupt the right kind 
and in telling is, then, 
is an entire class bc- 



rigltf kind of implement 
of policy in raising | 
lOt'till then, will 

prosperous ; for when this is done, when the 

right means are adopted as a whole, tbeo in Call- 

lia we shall behold that grand and noble sight, 

shall see nzty arret of rich land plotctd, har- 



allse 



aiyai 



n that i, 



morning 

nes its goinen-ncaos to the light of onr vision 

rvested in the best manner, reaped, thrashed, 

sancd, bngged, nud all in one dig. Great as this 

ay seem to some minus, it will be accomplished. 

■ogress demnnds it- Progress will accomplish it, 

id this silly acres will give at least forty buihdi 

' Ibe acre {Iho amount that can easily bo raised 

with tbe right lyittm). Tvenly-four hundred Iwb- 

*I» o/ otohi fir one daft planting, one dny't reaping, 

these things are accomplished, as they will 

Whn says California cannot compete with 

Chicago for the European market, nod who says 

IhiH California will no: bt the groin-morlm of Ins 

Btenmor-Day. 
Wtiv all this fuss nnd trouble about steamer- 
day? Why should all business and payments 
concentrate upon one given day? The long con- 
tinned drain of gold has clearly proved that the 
equal to iho 



cgitimot 


dema 


ds of trade. 


Hen 


ome par 


icsfor 


«nks nnd p 




by loans 


n tho 






■nper, tb 




icy. Wecl 




ror a pin 


torcl 










Lherc Is no 






Ml bns 


nesi men ha 


re deb 


and if t 


ills CD 


old bo colic 


ted, 




tit Is 


utterly impossible 



mint:] 

Bplendia Bamploa of Wool 
W« hnvo received from Albert E. Field, Esq at 

llission San Josfi, several very baadsomo samples 

or Wool of tbe different kinds of sheep raised by 

him; they were us follows: 
Samples of full-blood merino, from elglileen- 

months S h*p; ct0!a btt „ oon mtrim Qad LcicM _ 

"own tTeir nlb5 ' *** '' noi, . Meri0 ° ond 8otltn - 
Tn'.iT "' monltla eo "P i Lcicesur teo mouths. 
^All these samples were very superior, and from 

«~.s ,z .s.r,rr;;r«r "" 

When we were at tho Mission San Josu wo sa 
the several flocks of sheep of )l r . Fi d ]j . ihoir so 
lect character, the care bestowed upon them, every 
ewe and bDck being choice animals, wa, proof to 
ns that Ifr. Field naderstoods the fact that what 
i. worth doing at all, 1. worth doing well. Wo 
noticed Ihc different bucks, and was pleased lo see 
the care and attention that was given to tho most 
important points la the sheep -breeding avocation ; 
lecdlng, shelter, cleanliness, nro great 
Biles to sneeess la breeding. 

Alameda Fair. 

Fair. We shall pobllsh tbe foil Liu / Pren - 
nest wcek-to which wo refer the friends o 
enterprise. 

Bay State Aerlcultaral Pair 

- "a";, !" ! !' lC T ° f U " B ento " i » I W. .hall 
giro yon iho particulars. We hope everr 
■^MJ will Kivo na ui„, r.,., „, n „_ p , B c,e[ 7 
P»blislL 



r List of Pre: 



nmou 


at lie 


nt enme-a 


^oble by ressonof 




puitic 




bsent SOW n 


II r 








'Jif i[i[j'jijitti 














IVe 


belle 


e a belle 




rtrrln 


mere 


ants 


and busb 


ess men th 








' syslem. 


If credit is 




the 




many day 












s will move 




n other cities. Jfuw 




sndh 






nd a loll 










banks al 


the business 


L.flV. 



"W.i.nlioii and Ruin. 
>f tho farmit 



Tble 



rvest Hands.' 
nrlscs In part from tbo foci that men who ho- 
been out of employmenl, for some time, havegoi 
to Washne, hoping lo get l"lo some business, at 
not, as some might iurer, that tho IttAj, Fnrme 
were at all infected with the Washoe fever* 

Wo do not believe tbat there Is ono in n hundred 
of Wasboe-i 



s of F 



elast ..I 



that will be affected with this speculating fever— 
this spring disease of Iho brains— a fever Ibat be- 
gins Witb an influenan, Increases lo an iuflam- 
matory speculation, producing n gold mania, 
brings on by reason of bitter disappointment 
ik-pnir. iiii'l ni-li in :-nifii|f, 'prc.iding a ruin- 
ous malaria far and wide that is must deplorable, 
r, ,1,1 :he voil be lifted, and tho catalogue ol 

to ccbonco tbclr voli.e, find tn win a notice for 
them and bring tbero Into favor; conld all Ibo 
machinations of this bubble bo Inid open, bow 
quickly would Watboc he laid up no the shelf, 
with Ibo wild ond rerklrss bubbles that bavo 
ruined so many thousands. 

Wo bavo notcr yet pad eny sympathy wilb 
these visionary (peculations, and hare never 
ipokeo s word In tbclr favor. Such pieces; may 
do Tor men out of employ, or adventurers; thoy 

stay and do nothing, loafing about. But, for men 
in a good business, with a good trade, or nny 
legitimate calling: for all such, it is far better to 
remain at their regular trade and vocation. 

When tbe full history of Washoe shall be writ- 
ten, then will be found many a merchant of our 
city wbo bus been bankrupted, when asked the 
cause of bis troubles (though they may not be 
fully written till 1BG5, will date back to scenes of 
years of disaster, and record the wreck of a valua- 
i and prosperous business and a splendid lor- 
io), will say : "Washoe la the cause of the ruin 
our House." 

law many men of high standing now, who are 

inting tho.tr gains by tho lens of thousands 

prospective In a few months, will mourn over the 

usnnds, Inst In reality. Washaol 

d thy gold are terrible snares lo lure 

■ desire "To Get Rich Hoilily." 



What 'Will Become of tbo Doctors? 
2fev Diicectry— Certain Cure for Dyip/piia, /ndV- 
nation, mowh'A : i, K,wi, and >M nn,x!,r M<!l.,di<- 
Fob nearly a century, the medical world has beer 
in deep, earncit ml siinliou:' rticarcb, to discovei 
tho cause of uian's degeneracy, and the chief causi 
of all "the Ills that flesh is heir to." Tho result o 

covcry that iKDrossuos is tho chief cause of all thi 
maladies hcrcoboic mentioned. To promote dY- 



he rtiidor, 



indying fame the iHitiiri 



To t 



rned in 



■ This 






will be found in a work called "Tho Annuo! Report 
of the Stnto Registrar, for the year 1B53 ;" the au- 
thor, Edwin It. Campbell, Esq. Whoever may be 
afflicted with those fatal maladies named, and shall 
read this Report faithfully, will find immedinto 
relief. If a second rending docs not effect a eerfect 



will pay t 



ll: |.llV::i(i, 



bill-f/ tr 



:rs or digestion, 

'□bile document < 
er of California st 



■ r i ■■ ... . 



it the place of business ol 
, but was not fortunate em 
u knew be loved flowers, a 



o kne 






olded. Wo foel ct 



.1 lh;.. 



■ademi 



d baai- 



«- men would End a natural gain by 
^.age and a great relief would bo rendered lo 
tbo entire Slate. 

Tbe present Overland Mail and Pony Bipresa 
nave done a great good la relieving a vast omount 
of letler-wriliog on steamer-day; nu w carry 
out be ptan.f changing payments, and anothe'r 
great relief would bo given to all. 

oowlcdge 



™ £» i ' ""»•" •""•'. ■■» «... .'".,. ; ■ Tl "'' '"• '■•" ™ ~« •'•imi. » 



io, he loved t 

Im ot bis office, we sta 

nd there, sure enough, wo found him out in the 

""'' n llllrlllhL buried up among groups of superb 

lies and fruit-trees beading beneath their loaded 

ranches ; nnd as we looked npon our industrious 

icod W. L. Sanderson in bis neat and prosperous 

arden wo conld not bnt admire his taste. Mr. 

'" " Q l " ,!, "deemed by raising bis land some 

»o feel, and ho has now a valuable lot. Wo ro- 



Tdb Immaculate Bulletin, which boasts of 
great outlay In procuring telegraph news, and 
very forward In accusing other papers of ,te 
fttn.ll. cnlames, can yet i t seem, bo guilty of 
a others. An article published 

linal, is taken bodily from tho Fa BVB , 
ord of credit, thou 









■ril|.t.:, I |r, |„ 






ied with some triQing alterations. And this Is 
mnch worse than Us publishing a short time 
:o an article as a leading cdltnrial on the Indl- 
of California, but which wo. taken almost 
articles of Mr. Taylor in the 






iary.» 



New Lion i Dbeaki 








ture, when 




nnli 






ionnfnur 






being of po 








for. By a 








Ion, It has 






of schoo 














pcclally 


o female po 


oils. Wo 


„■ ,',', 



n the Board 
tt study out 
" Pbysicinns 



Rhv. Tbomns Btan King's Lecture, 



The first of the series of five lectures to be 
delivered before the Mercantile Library Associa- 
tion, by the Rev. Tbomns Starr King, was given nl 
Rev, Mr. Lncy's Church, on Dupont Blrect, last eve- 
ning, to a very crowded nudlcnce. Every seal, 
below nnd nbnve, together with tho aisles, wnt 
occupied, and by as select nnd appreciative an 
audience as could he found in any cily of tbo 
Union. 

The lecturer was introduced to tbo andicni 
air. Stovcna, the President of tbe Association; nnd 
as Mr. King Blood up before tbo audience, "in the 
full stature of it men," be sent forth from his own 
spirit a charm that made the material upnn which 
he was to work "like clay in tbo bands of the 
potter." 

Tho subject of the lecture was "Sabstaocc and 
Shuw." Tbe deep attcnlinn, tho full ealisfac- 
tion which seemed expressed upon overy counte- 
nance, fcavo assurance that this great intellectual 
us* of food that many hungry souls 



iC.ilih. 



i a hud lo 



in ting. 






e deep and full street 

yet melndious voice of tho orator (for it iroi 
it ideas which ho pre- 



oner hung with ilvligln. An these- ideas were given 
forth, thoy foil upon tbo listening cars of the au- 

swectest tones. 

Wo rejoice, with thousands of our citticns, that 
the Mercantile Library Association strive ao well 
lo elevate tho public tnsto and increase a desire for 
high intellectual food, by establishing courses or 
lectures ol tho highest order; nnd, coming as did 
"Starr King," enfolded in fame os a public speaker, 

hear him. Well can It bo said of him: lie is a 
"Slairorthc first magnitude;" a King nmong men. 

Tbo tbomo of tho orator was well chosen; it wna 
most appropriate for California; for California is 
tbe SDDSTisaE of things "bnped for"— tho rni'ifonM 
of things "not seen." 

Tbo easy and graceful delivery of those glowing 
idens, clothed in the beautiful imagery of this fin- 
ished ooholur, waa enchanting. Tho well-rounded 
periods were like balls of electricity, ond kindred 
s received charge nflci 



this ■ 



will ii< 



r tl,ii[i 



with now I 
smpt to des 



alight a; 



'Oil IV 



e thus 



rapt i, 



innt lightnings ns tbey convoy thoughts upon their 
aetallic chord, or to grasp tho aroma that tho 
ireeses of June scad from tbe boooyed petals of 
cagrnnt (lowers. We only know that we, with 
thcrs, felt those lightnings and Inhaled that fra- 
;rance, which were to our censes indeed per- 
fumed with mighty truths. Tho allusions to tbo 
rcr and majesty of mind of those illustrious 

utiful ; thuie other gl earnings and allusions lo 

jhtg men were moat felicitous. When "Starr 

King" shall learn the early history of California, 

Uoldcn State, be will 



t host r 



oigh n 



toy o 



Aa a. son of Massachusetts, a citizen of Boston 
wo must acknowledge that wo felt most deeply am 
truly the just cumplimont paid to good old Jlassn 
chuselts; God bless herl But wo need Bay m 

On Thursday evening next, ot tho same place, Mr 
King will again meet those who desire to listen 
and will speak of the "Life ond Geuiusuf Socrates ' 
ond although Ibe ashes of Socrates* uiiim I, .1 ivii'l 



bora of the Cullurist mnkc another chaogo of pro- 
,nd wo think for tho better. Wo have all 



altw 



think, lor it bus rt 
-a Flint | I.e. onr neighbor ' 
■eriy of Alameda, and more rccc 
nt Sucraraonto, hns putchnscd 
n it, nnd from the ncit number 
■orker In part with Iho former | 



Bogsoee-WiutorB oaiMoll Stoamora. 

We learn, with much regret, that the Boggng 

Masters on tbo Pacific and Atlantic steamers bn- 

been dispensed with, as nn economical mcasui 

This is tho most stioiiT-siniiTnii i-,.i.i, -,- «„ ,.- 



mcl." It ia J 






i pouring c 



the spigot 
al the bungholo. lathowholo 
matory of tho alenmers-amid all the various eon. 
tests that have been carried on, and Ihc complaints 
tbat have boon made — we do not remember to 
have henrd of nny against the Baggage -Masters. 
Thoy have nlways received the approbation of tho 
traveling public, and much praise has been ac- 
curded them for thoJr nltontion. Their assistance 
rendered at tho "lime of need," not only in fncill- 
tntfng the transportation of tho real baggage of 
trunks and bandboxes, hut the moro precious (not 
baggage) freight r tho women and children thnt 
nro passed lo and fro, from the Atlantic to the 
Pacific shores. 

We linve often henrd the Baggage- Master spoken 
of with respect and esteem, and tlioso who were 
about to cross and recrosa, hare always said, "I 
shall feel safe, for myself and trunks, if 1 can only 
see tho Baggage-Mmter; he waa so kind and M- 

Wo repcot, the removal of tho Baggage-Musters 
from tho Pacific and Atlantic steamers is an un- 
wise, short-sighted policy; a measure tbat will 
cost each company ten dollura outgo for ono saved 
in wages of that officer